Claremont serial killings trial shown graphic video of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon's graves
BY ANDREA MAYES
9th January 2020
https://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-08/claremont-serial-killings-jane-rimmer-ciara-glennon-graves-shock/11848336
The Claremont serial killings

A retired inspector told the court Ms Rimmer's body could be seen from the road.
SUPPLIED: SUPREME COURT OF WA
Jane Rimmer's body was found by a woman who went to pick flowers in a bush clearing.
ABC NEWS

Accused Claremont serial killer Bradley Edwards denies murdering the three women.
SUPPLIED: SUPREME COURT OF WA
Jane Rimmer's body was found in a clearing amid dense vegetation at Wellard, south of Perth.

Graphic videos and photographs of the body of murder victim Jane Rimmer where it was found dumped in a makeshift bush grave have been shown to a Perth court, as police described traumatic scenes at the burial sites.
Key points:
Bradley Edwards denies murdering three women who disappeared from Claremont
His lawyers have questioned police over how the two burial sites were handled
One former officer says the Ciara Glennon crime scene descended into "mayhem"


The videos, shown behind partitions to a select few in the court because they were deemed too distressing for wider viewing, were played at the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, for the Claremont serial killings.
Edwards, a former Telstra technician, is charged with the wilful murders of Ms Rimmer, 23, Sarah Spiers, 18, and 27-year-old Ciara Glennon.
All three disappeared over a 14-month period from the Claremont entertainment precinct in Perth's western suburbs in 1996 and 1997.
As the videos, shot by police video camera operator Michael Teraci, were played to the WA Supreme Court, former forensic police officer Robert Hemelaar described what was on the footage.
He related the way forensic pathologists Karen Margolius and Clive Cooke painstakingly removed the vegetation that was partially covering Ms Rimmer's naked body, placing it in paper evidence bags, and took swabs.
Ms Rimmer was found lying on her left side, face down, with one arm stretched above her head and partially covered in foliage.
Edwards glanced at the video intermittently as it was shown, occasionally making notes in a notepad in front of him.
A crime scene report prepared by police two days later noted no footprints, fingerprints, blood, fibres, weapons or tool marks were taken from the scene, but soil and insect samples had been removed.
Ms Rimmer's family were not in court on Wednesday to hear the distressing details of the condition of her body when it was found almost two months after she vanished from outside the Continental Hotel on June 9, 1996.
However, Ms Glennon's father Denis was present in the front row of the public gallery where he has sat for nearly every day of the trial.


Crime scenes shocked police
A series of police officers also described traumatic scenes at the burial sites.
Edward Besson, a former detective senior constable at Joondalup Police Station, told the court he would always remember the sight of Ms Glennon's body lying in scrub off a track in Eglinton, what was then an undeveloped coastal area in Perth's north.
"That particular sight and smell. I'll never forget it, I can still visualise it now," he said.
"I was shocked by it, I haven't forgotten it in 20-odd years."
Mr Besson said the body was clothed partially in a black item of clothing that he believed may have been a mini skirt that had been pulled up.
"From where we were I could see that the person had what appeared to be long blondish hair," Mr Besson said.
"It was fair coloured, possibly blonde, possibly light brown hair."
He said he and his partner, then-detective sergeant Charles Carver, had been at pains to preserve the integrity of the site and had avoided the track that led to Ms Glennon's burial site, instead walking on salt bushes to get there.
"We were walking on the saltbush because we thought this was not right, we became very cautious about where we treading and what we were doing," Mr Besson said.
"We were aware that we had to keep the scene pristine, so that was what we did."


'No reason' to get too close
Under cross examination from defence counsel Paul Yovich SC, the former police officer maintained he did not get closer than four and a half metres from the body, even after he was shown video from the scene which was not visible to the public gallery or media.
Mr Yovich said the video showed the "head and shoulder of a deceased human being" but that it did not appear possible to ascertain this unless you were able to get very close to it, a suggestion Mr Besson denied.
"There would be no reason for me to go this close and I would have no inclination or desire to do so," he said.
The defence has been exploring whether evidence from the burial sites of the two women could have been contaminated, which could make crucial DNA and fibre evidence taken from the women's bodies — which the prosecution has linked to Edwards — therefore unreliable.

Ms Glennon's body was discovered by a man looking for cannabis plants on April 3, 1997, three weeks after she went missing following a night out with work colleagues at Claremont's Continental Hotel.

Earlier, Mr Carver told the court her body had been in a state of decomposition when he and Constable Besson came across it partly covered in vegetation.
He said he had been well aware of the disappearance of Ms Glennon and if the body turned out to be hers, he wanted to make sure that "everything that we could possibly do in relation to preserving the scene was done".


Scene descended into 'mayhem'
Police had initially thought the discovery may have been a dead kangaroo and Mr Carver said he got close enough to ascertain that it was a female human body, but no closer than about 3 to 6 metres away.
"I needed to be sure because I was about to make the biggest call of my career," he told the court.


A large number of police officers soon arrived at the scene, including from the Macro Task Force — a specialised squad established to investigate the Claremont disappearances — as well as forensic police and local detectives. Journalists had also got wind of the discovery.
Mr Carver said the scene descended into "mayhem", with journalists trying to gain access and a "whole lot of things happening".
"In my 33 years it was the most high-profile scene that I'd been to," he said.

Questions over Rimmer burial site
Police and funeral home employees also testified about the Wellard bush grave where the body of Ms Rimmer was found eight months earlier.
Retired inspector Jonathan Adams told the court he and his team had also avoided getting close to the body as he had been able to see what he needed to see from the side of the road.
Ms Rimmer's body was found in a small clearing amid dense undergrowth off Woolcoot Road in Wellard, about 45 kilometres south of Perth, on August 3, 1996.
Mr Adams agreed with Mr Yovich when the defence counsel said he would have had to have taken a couple of steps into the bushes to see the body, but he insisted, "I know that we never went anywhere near the body".
"Definitely you could see [the body] from where I was on the road," he said.
"I have had years of experience of investigations and the first rule of investigations is you don't go anywhere, to avoid contamination."

Mr Adams said he remembered "certain parts" of the day clearly.
"Once you see a body in the bush like that … I can recall that as clearly as yesterday," he said.

Funeral home employee Peta Page told the court she and a colleague had arrived on the scene to remove Ms Rimmer's body, in their role as government contractors engaged by the coronial court.
She said she suspected the body was Ms Rimmer's from the outset and was therefore "mindful and respectful of who we thought it was".
Ms Page said she and her colleague wore protective clothing, including hair nets and gloves.


The trial, before Justice Stephen Hall, continues.

More Nugan Hand Partying, Falcon's Trip The Rio Grande, And The Meditteranean Connection
James Ambas
This is part 2 of a show Dave Emory and Nip Tuck did on December 3, 1986. Websites: http://spitfirelist.com/anti-fascist-... http://spitfirelist.com/
Category: News & Politics

8mm HOME MOVIES FROM THE SECRET WAR IN LAOS 75022

CIA Operative Michael Jon Hand/Fuller, Patricia Swan (the secretary at the Nugan Hand Bank) and Michael John Moloney with the help of other Nugan Hand Staff, destroyed and removed the incriminating filed at the Sydney offices of the Nugan Hand Bank .. with threats being made to the staff that is they did not help with the destruction and removal of incriminating files from the Nugan Hand Office, they will find themselves in body bags and also start to receive body parts of their wife and children in the post  …
8mm HOME MOVIES FROM THE SECRET WAR IN LAOS 75022
PeriscopeFilm

Published on Jul 29, 2015

These extraordinary Super 8mm home movies from the Vietnam War, come from a member of the "Ravens". The Raven Forward Air Controllers, also known simply as The Ravens, were fighter pilots used for forward air control in a covert operation in conjunction with the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States in Laos during America's Vietnam War. The Ravens provided direction for most of the air strikes against communist Pathet Lao targets and People's Army of Vietnam's infiltrators in support of the Laotian Hmong guerrilla army.
SCENE #1: (00:00:00) T-28 on ramp at Pakse, loaded with Napalm. … (00:26:10) T-28 taking off at Pakse. 
SCENE #2: (01:37:00) T-28’s bombing target on Bolavens Plateau. … (03:38:05) T-28 shooting rockets on target. Target is a PL (Pathet Lao) village. Ravens did not direct airstrikes on villages, but would monitor the strikes to make sure the Lao Pilots were hitting the village they wanted to target. However, the Ravens had no control over the T-28’s. 
SCENE #3: (04:59:10) PL antiaircraft locations (the round holes in the ground). 
SCENE #4: (05:50:10) T-28’s on target on the Eastern foot of the Bolavens Plateau. (06:47:10) When 2 smokes (WP’s, Willie Petes, White Phosphorus) are used, the fighters are to drop their ordnance anywhere between the 2 smokes. … (07:01:15) As here, the 2 smokes mark the area for the dropping of CBU’s (Cluster Bomb Units). … (07:26:10) Here, 500# bombs are dropped. … (07:48:00) Here, Napalm is dropped. … (08:52:00) More 500# bombs. … During these bombing runs, T-28’s are shown making their run-in on target. … (10:05:00) Another CBU run. This is a good shot of the CBU’s. 
SCENE #5: (11:03:00) Saravane, Laos, burning. Saravane was overrun by the N. Vietnamese, who set the town on fire. 
SCENE #6: (12:06:05) Passengers at Saravane Airport waiting to load onto plane. 
SCENE # 7: (13:20:00) School children in Saravane, Laos, in marketplace. As always, they all want their picture taken. 
SCENE #8: (13:59:05) Shop along road in Laotian town and the pedestrian traffic, bicycles, and cyclos (taxis), women carrying firewood on their back, etc. A lot of “village activity”. … (16:25:05) Laotian soldiers in café for coffee. … (16:45:00) Boys playing soccer at school. 
SCENE #9: (18:31:00) Military compound at Saravane, Laos, with women walking down road. Gasoline drums are seen lined up on the ground ready to be used to refuel aircraft. All refueling is done manually with a hand-pump. Airline Stewardess and Pilot are seen on ramp at Saravane. … (20:07:05) Royal Lao Air Force plane landing at Saravane. … (20:51:05) Konty (Raven 58’s GIB [Guy-in-the-Backseat]) is shown at Saravane holding Raven 58’s Chicom SKS that was given to him by General Phasouk, the MR-4 Commander (Military Region). He is standing in front of the Lao Airlines sign at Saravane. 
SCENE #10: (21:19:10) Raven 58’s O-1 and looking toward the mist-shrouded mountains south of Saravane. When flying over the northern part of the Bolavens Plateau, breaking out below the clouds, it was a very “prehistoric”-type site. In fact, unknown at the time, Ravens spotted what would eventually be determined to be a previously unknown huge water buffalo. It turned out to be an unknown species that is about twice the size of water buffalos commonly seen in the rice fields. … (21:45:10) A village along the runway at Saravane complete with water buffalo (the normal size). 
We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference."
This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Category Education

Princely Trafficking (Saudi drug smuggling)
#SaudiArabia #cocaine #monarchy

theDossier
A documentary about Saudi Prince Nayef Al-Shaalan, who was sentenced in absentia to ten years in jail on charges of involvement in a cocaine-smuggling gang. The prince was one of ten people handed jail terms in connection with an operation that landed two tonnes of cocaine outside Paris in 1999. He was accused of using his diplomatic immunity to smuggle drugs to France onboard a private jet. Was the grandson of founding Saudi monarch Abdulaziz, and son-in-law to the Saudi deputy defense minister, trying to covertly raise money for black operations? #SaudiArabia #cocaine #monarchy 

http://www.kuwaittimes.net/read_news.php?newsid=MzM1Mzk1NDcz

https://williambowles.info/venezuela/2006/0406/cia_cocaine.html

.https://www.thedossier.info/

https://twitter.com/theDossier_info
Category: News & Politics

Bradley Robert Edwards after being taken into custody last week December, 2016 

True Spies (leftwing edit) — BBC

Click the below link to watch the video

https://www.thedossier.info/video/true-spies.htm
30 August 2016
How the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations, in order to disrupt legitimate political action.
stream theDossier

​True Spies (leftwing edit) — BBC
30 August 2016
How the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations, in order to disrupt legitimate political action.
stream theDossier
This three-part BBC documentary series was broadcast in 2002. It reveals how the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations. Through the use of surveillance, infiltration and informants, MI5 and Special Branch worked together to disrupt legitimate political action.
The versions featured on this page have been re-edited to remove most of the rightwing bias found in the original broadcast versions, and therefore have shorter running times.

Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland south of Perth after going missing from Claremont. (Supplied)

The CIA, Drug Trafficking and American Politics: The Political Economy of War
The Film Archives
The CIA supported various Afghan rebel commanders, such as Mujahideen leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who were fighting against the government of Afghanistan and the forces of the Soviet Union which were its supporters. More on this topic: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=U... Historian Alfred W. McCoy stated that: "In most cases, the CIA's role involved various forms of complicity, tolerance or studied ignorance about the trade, not any direct culpability in the actual trafficking ... [t]he CIA did not handle heroin, but it did provide its drug lord allies with transport, arms, and political protection. In sum, the CIA's role in the Southeast Asian heroin trade involved indirect complicity rather than direct culpability." In order to provide covert funds for the Kuomintang (KMT) forces loyal to General Chiang Kai-shek, who were fighting the Chinese communists under Mao Zedong, the CIA helped the KMT smuggle opium from China and Burma to Bangkok, Thailand, by providing airplanes owned by one of their front businesses, Air America. Released on April 13, 1989, the Kerry Committee report concluded that members of the U.S. State Department "who provided support for the Contras were involved in drug trafficking... and elements of the Contras themselves knowingly received financial and material assistance from drug traffickers." In 1996 Gary Webb wrote a series of articles published in the San Jose Mercury News, which investigated Nicaraguans linked to the CIA-backed Contras who had smuggled cocaine into the U.S. which was then distributed as crack cocaine into Los Angeles and funneled profits to the Contras. The CIA was aware of the cocaine transactions and the large shipments of drugs into the U.S. by the Contra personnel and directly aided drug dealers to raise money for the Contras. Although he heavily implied CIA involvement, Webb never claimed to have made a direct link between the CIA and the Contras. Moreover, Webb's articles were heavily attacked by many media outlets who questions the validity of his claims, although the unusual response led some to question if the CIA was involved.[citation needed] Webb turned the articles into a book called, Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion." On December 10, 2004, Webb committed suicide, dying of two gunshot wounds to the head. In 1996, CIA Director John M. Deutch went to Los Angeles to attempt to refute the allegations raised by the Webb articles, and was famously confronted by former Los Angeles Police Department officer Michael Ruppert, who testified that he had witnessed it occurring. The CIA has been accused of moneylaundering the iran-contra drug funds via the BCCI, the former U.S. Commissioner of Customs William von Raab said that when customs agents raided the bank in 1988, they found numerous CIA accounts. The CIA also worked with BCCI in arming and financing the Afghan mujahideen during the Afghan War against the Soviet Union, using BCCI to launder proceeds from trafficking heroin grown in the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands, boosting the flow of narcotics to European and U.S. markets. 

Ms Rimmer's apartment was furnished in typical 1990s style. (ABC News: Andrea Mayes)

Claremont killer trial LIVE: Macro Taskforce probed Telstra car link in 1996 and 1998
https://www.theage.com.au/national/western-australia/claremont-killer-trial-live-bradley-edwards-first-victim-likely-to-take-witness-stand-today-20191203-p53ga9.html
By Heather McNeill and Hannah Barry
 December 3, 2019


7.50pm on Dec 3, 2019
Proceedings have wrapped up for today
Justice Stephen Hall
Proceedings have now wrapped up for today.
Justice Stephen Hall is now going through the media requests for some of today's exhibits tendered in court to be released, including Mr Edwards' assigned vehicle records, and a copy of the fax Telstra sent to WA Police in 1996.
He's declined to release any exhibits as he said they are not necessary to ensure the full and accurate reporting of the trial. 
Court will recommence at 10am tomorrow. 
7.48pm on Dec 3, 2019
Defence cross-examining woman who accepted a lift from 'Telstra car' in Claremont in 1996
Mr Yovich is now cross-examining Ms Ouvaroff, pointing out she's commented a number of times saying, 'She would need to check her statement'.
He mentioned in her original statement she called the car interior 'fawn-coloured' whereas today she described the interior as 'light-coloured'.
She has finished giving her evidence. 
7.03pm on Dec 3, 2019
'I thought the Telstra car was a taxi so I hailed it': Claremont woman
The next witness is appearing via video link from a court in the UK. 
Her name is Jane Ouvaroff, 47, and she is another of the state's so-called 'Telstra living witnesses' who prosecutors allege accepted a lift from Mr Edwards in the mid-90s.
She said she was living in Subiaco in 1997 and used to go out in Claremont in the 1990s to The Continental and Club Bayview. 
She said she would usually catch a taxi home after a night out, but one night did not.
"I don't remember the exact date [it happened], it would have been - according to my statement - during summer," she said.
"It would be sort of one of two years I guess ... 96 / 97.
"Between sort of November to January [ of 1996 and 1997]."
She is unsure of the date and said she'd have to refer to her statement. 
She said she had been at Club Bayview with a number of friends and left "most likely" after midnight. 
"I'd had some to drink and I was tired by the end of the night," she said. 
"[I went to] try and get a taxi ... it's the street that runs adjacent to the railway line and it has a park, so from walking out of Club Bayview Terrace towards the railway line, turn right. 
"I was with a friend ... Will Robertson ... [we were trying to get to] Shenton Park ... and then we came across another friend [before we reached the park].
"We walked along that street and there were no cabs and the boys said they wanted to go to the park to sit down [so we did].
She said she was sitting in the park, a few metres off the road, for about 15 minutes.
"I got up and left the boys and walked towards the road," 'she said.
"I stayed on the same side as the park and I walked along the footpath ... I was looking for taxis and at that time of night there wasn't a lot of traffic and there certainly weren't many taxis.
"I saw a car coming towards me ... and so I immediately put my hand up to hail it and then as it got closer, I kept my hand up, it to me looked the same shape as a taxi and then the driver stopped for me.
"It looked like the shape of a Ford or Holden station wagon.
"I opened the front passenger side door and there was a man driving the car and I asked if he would give me a lift home or to Shenton Park, I can't remember which.
"I think he nodded in agreement because I got into the car."
The woman said she does not recall what the man looked like because it was dark. 
"I closed the door and then when I sat down I looked at the dashboard and recognised that it wasn't a taxi and I believe I said to the gentleman, 'This is not a taxi', I don't recall feeling concerned, I don't recall the exact answer that perhaps he gave me, but then we started driving off towards Cottesloe. 
"I believe at that time I understood that it wasn't a taxi but I didn't feel threatened or unsafe in there ... I stayed in the car ... something made me say to him ... that I'd left my shoes at the park just up the road and would it be ok if I just stopped so I could run out and grab them.
"He stopped the car so I could get out and get my shoes."

Ms Ouvaroff believes she had only been in the car 'seconds' when she realised her shoes were missing. 
"I retrieved my shoes and the two boys," she said. 
She said when she returned to the vehicle the second time she noticed a logo on the car.
"It was a Telecom, Telstra car," she said. 
"I opened the door and said, 'These are my two friends ... they need a lift too to the same place, that's OK isn't it?' or something to that effect. 
She said she didn't remember the man's response but claims her friends would have already been in the back of the car by then.
She said the man dropped them at their destination. 
"I remember trying to strike up conversation [with the driver] but I remember he was not particularly willing to chat," she said. 
She said even when in the car, she could only see the man as a silhouette but said he was white and had dark, short hair. 
"I don't believe he was a large man," she said. 
"[He was] a little older than I was at the time, so mid-20s, early-30s."
She claims she may have seen the Telecom vehicle drive past her while she waited on the side of the road, and that when she saw it a second time, she assumed it had turned around to pick her up. 

6.37pm on Dec 3, 2019
'He said he tried to suppress his anger': Second court-ordered psychologist takes stand
Another clinical psychologist, Lyn Millet, has now taken the stand. 
She walked to the witness stand on crutches and has a leg cast. She is wearing a red dress and has long dark brown hair with a fringe. 
She says she could not remember talking to Mr Edwards in 1990 but does recall the event as it was "unusual" in her opinion. 
She believes she would have spoken to him on one occasion to compile a pre-sentence report for his common assault conviction.
She is now reading from her report.
"During the pre-sentence interview Edwards stated he felt very ashamed of his actions and couldn't say why he had done it," she said. 
"Edwards stated he had very few close friends and spent all of his time with his girlfriend going for drives or seeing movies.
"He recalled he used to drink quite a lot when he was younger but made a decision not to drink when he met his current girlfriend.
"From his own admission he tends to control his emotions and tries to suppress his anger as he feels he has a bad temper."
The report also mentioned Mr Edwards' girlfriend was pressuring him to marry her at the time, and that they had been arguing a lot over money. 
The witness has now been excused. 
6.29pm on Dec 3, 2019
'Nothing was going right for me': Edwards told court-ordered psychologist after attack
The clinical psychologist who wrote a report on Mr Edwards following his attack on the woman at Hollywood Hospital has now taken the stand.
He is dressed in a suit and tie, and has white hair and a white, short beard. 
He has told Ms Barbagallo he doesn't remember specifically talking to Mr Edwards, but he remembers the details of the incident. 
He has been given a copy of his report on Mr Edwards from May 1990 to reference during his evidence, which he is now reading from. 
He said Mr Edwards told him he was carrying a heavy emotional burden from his girlfriend telling him she had cheated on him, and that while he had accepted her actions, he was actually deeply distressed. 
"It appears that he had been a state of some distress until the week leading up to the defence," he said. 
"Mr Edwards is unable to clearly identify why his pent-up anger should be released when it did, or why he acted it out on his victim, a woman whom he had only met that day.
"He acknowledged feeling angry that ‘nothing was going right for me’ but suggested that he was not angry with his victim."
6.18pm on Dec 3, 2019
'I was fighting for my life': Social worker grabbed by Mr Edwards recalls 1990 attack
Ms Barbagallo has asked her to recall what she was doing the day Mr Edwards attacked her.
"I was writing a report in the afternoon and I particularly wanted to get finished to get home for my daughter's birthday," she said. 
"I heard somebody at the door to the ward and they disturbed me writing the report and I heard this voice say, 'Excuse me can I use the toilet' ... and I glanced round and I looked and saw it was a Telecom worker .. they were doing a lot of upgrading on the telephone lines. 
"I grunted and said, 'Yes sure', and I just carried on writing. 
"What happened next was I heard the toilet flush and I was sort of aware of this person coming back behind me ... the voice again said, 'Oh I've dropped my pen can I go back and get it', and I thought that's a bit of a strange question and then at the same time I thought, the toilet flushed a bit too quickly.
"Before I could actually think about anything else this hand came round my face and it had a cloth in it and it pushed into my face.
"I honestly thought that I was going to die. 
"The other arm came round behind me like this and hoiked me right up back and I'm struggling and struggling.
"I was trying desperately not to breathe in because I thought there was something on the cloth."
The woman said when she eventually had to breathe, she realised the cloth was clean. 
"That's when I started to really struggle, I thought I've got a chance here, I was trying to get my feet on the ground," she said. 
"And all the time I was being pulled back and hoiked up towards the [toilet] door.
"I managed to twist around, there was a lot of strength but I managed to twist around."
She has become emotional and paused for a moment: "Sorry I get a bit distressed I had to relive this.
"And my shoe came off ... the chair fell over ... and all of a sudden ... it just stopped, he just stopped and I fell back and I just looked at him and I moved back and he started to move towards me and he was saying, "I'm sorry, I'm sorry' but I was getting out of there as quick as I could. 
"I had one shoe on, one shoe off, my cardigan was hanging off and I ran up the ward. 
"I could hardly speak because I was so much in shock."
The woman said she felt one moment she was fighting for her life, the next Mr Edwards was apologising. 
She recalls Mr Edwards appeared to stop suddenly when her chair fell over and made a loud noise and she kicked him. 
Mr Edwards displayed no emotion while the woman gave her evidence.
After the attack he was sentenced to two years' probation and ordered to complete a sex offender's program.
Mr Yovich has chosen not to cross-examine the witness. She has been excused.  
6.08pm on Dec 3, 2019
Mr Edwards' assault victim takes the stand
The female social worker who Mr Edwards confessed to attacking at Hollywood Hospital in 1990 has taken the stand. 
Her identity is suppressed. 
She said she recalls the May 7 incident as it was one of her children's birthdays. 
Mr Edwards tried to drag the then-40-year-old woman, who he had met that day, into the toilet block at the hospital.
Mr Edwards pulled the woman up off her desk chair and the chair fell over.
She struggled but was unable to scream due to the presence of Mr Edwards' hand covering her mouth.
After a struggle when the woman kicked him, he loosened his grip and she broke free.
He was arrested and later convicted of common assault. 
6.04pm on Dec 3, 2019
'My friend yanked me out the van': Hitch-hiker
Ms Smith said she recalled she and her friend were dropped off by the van driver at a Claremont park, and she only saw him from the back.
"He was quite wide-shouldered, he had dark to black hair, tanned skin and I certainly didn't see his face or his eyes," she said.
"I just remember Annabelle yanked me out of the back of the van and I was quite drunk but I said, 'What are you doing Annabelle?' and she said that man was ..."
Mr Yovich has interrupted the woman and prevented her from finishing that sentence.
She tried once more to explain the reason for their quick exit and Ms Barbagallo stopped her again.
She says it was around sunset and she and Annabelle went to lie on the grass to talk about the incident and the sprinklers came on.
"I was not looking at the van, I was more looking at Annabelle saying, 'What's going on?'
"There were certainly no signs [on the car], to me it was just a work vehicle."
Mr Yovich has decided not to cross-examine Ms Smith. 
5.32pm on Dec 3, 2019
'I got in the back of the van': Witness tells of hitch-hiking occasion in Claremont
The next witness is appearing via video link from a different courtroom.
Her name is Trilby Winsome Smith, 42.
She has short brown hair and is wearing a white blazer. 
In the mid-1990s, she said, she was living at Lawler Street in Subiaco, house-sharing with her two cousins. 
"We were very much into the OBH," she said when asked about her local haunts. 
She said she would either get a lift home from the Cottesloe venue, or taxi or hitchhike. 
She is now describing a Sunday session she attended with her friend, Annabelle, in around 1996. 
"I believe I was about 19 years old ... it was in the summer," she said. 
"We certainly had had quite a few beers ... definitely intoxicated. 
"We couldn't get a taxi, we couldn't get a lift so we started walking up the street and so we started hitch-hiking.
"It was quite usual for us to just walk out and hitch-hike."
Ms Smith is now being shown an aerial map of Cottesloe, saying she would have walked up Eric Street to try and get a lift.
"It's all a bit hazy ... if we were going to hitchhike which we always did ... we would have been on the left [side of the street]," she said. 
"We would have been heading to Claremont and then onto Subiaco.
"I believe that we got picked up somewhere just before Claremont, so I believe it was the street that was a highway there ... we had our thumb out. 
"[The vehicle] was a white van of sorts, I really didn't take much notice of the outside of it, or the top of it, but I got into the back of it and I noticed there was a lot of cables, I thought it was an electrical van, there were little holders that held certain electrical things lined up against a wall. 
"Annabelle was in the front of the vehicle.
"I remember I could hear Annabelle talking to this fellow but I wasn't paying too much attention."
5.22pm on Dec 3, 2019
Defence cross-examining Telstra fleet manager
Mr Yovich is now cross-examining Ms Eldridge and is asking about vehicle 'sign in and sign out' registers between 1995 and 1998 in the departments Mr Edwards was associated with.
She said Telstra hasn't been able to locate these documents. 
He's also asked about van layouts and when Telecom
changed its branding to Telstra. 
This witness' evidence has now ended. 

The identikit made with the help of Karen Mabbott, who drove down Stirling Highway the night Ciara Glennon vanished and

said she saw a man standing behind a vehicle up the road from a woman who resembled Ciara.

The Nugan Hand Scandal
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kw33TXmMjR4
Plain Sight Productions
Jan 5, 2019
For an updated version, please go to: https://youtu.be/xxySlJcI-kw ---- In early 1980, the body of Francis Nugan was found in rural Australia. Ruled a suicide, his death led to an unraveling of the merchant bank he had founded with former Green Beret Michael Hand. Subsequent revelations about the true purpose of this Nugan Hand bank would rock Australia's drug trade, as well as corrupt local police and the Central Intelligence Agency. This sparked a cleaning up process inside the underworld, which saw some flee the country and others wind up dead or missing. Established in 1973, the Nugan Hand bank handled money for CIA operations in East Asia and the South Pacific, particularly their assets in organised crime. Foremost among this was the alliance of New Zealanders Terry Clark and Marty Johnstone with Australian Robert Trimbole. This network, labelled the "Mr Asia" syndicate by the press, oversaw the mass importation of Heroin into wealthy Western markets. Money was then funneled back into the war chests of various paramilitaries and authoritarian regimes associated with the Nugan Hand bank, the failure of which closely coincided with the violent end of the Clark-Trimbole alliance. Having already fled Australia over five murder charges, Clark ordered an underling to kill Johnstone. The mutilated body was identified by police, and the case soon led back to Clark. Imprisoned in 1983, he would die there, aged just 39, from an apparent heart attack. Trimbole was slightly more lucky. He made it to his 50s, before dying a free man in a Spanish hospital. The creation of the bank had closely coincided with an unsuccessful conclusion of direct American involvement in the Vietnam Wars. Already, the CIA had entered into relationships with narco-traffickers in the region, an arrangement which dated back as far as the Korean War. This had escalated during the 1960s, with the corrupt South Vietnamese government protecting local drug lords in return for lucrative kickbacks. After 1973, these drug lords would only become more useful to the United States, desperate to prevent a humiliating Northern victory. Key to this strategy was the neighbouring country of Laos, home to sections of the Ho Chi Minh trail, as well as massive fields of Opium poppies. With the assistance of the CIA's Air America front company, what was once a local cottage industry became the source for much of the world's Heroin, driving down the drug's price and creating legions of addicts inside the United States itself. Even with his slice of this highly profitable trade, the money was apparently not good enough for Francis Nugan. Facing unrelated charges of stock fraud, he either killed himself or was silenced. His American partner was more lucky, disappearing soon after, presumed to have been spirited out of the country by the CIA. This was finally confirmed in 2015, when Hand was finally tracked down to a small town in Idaho. Having since re-invented himself as Michael Fuller, the former special forces officer had entered the tactical knife trade, with clients including law enforcement and the military. To date he has yet to be put on trial for his role in the Nugan Hand bank.
Category:  News & Politics

Claremont serial killings victim Ciara Glennon's body found with 'breaches' in skin, court told
By Andrea Mayes - 9th December 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-09/claremont-serial-killer-trial-ciara-glennon-body-detail-revealed/11856230

PHOTO: Ciara Glennon's body was found fully clothed but with several injuries. (Fairfax Media)
PHOTO: The deserted bush road where Jane Rimmer's body was dumped. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)
PHOTO: Former police officer Robert Hemelaar was present at the examination of Ciara Glennon's body. (ABC News: David Weber)
PHOTO: Robert Hemelaar holds a measuring stick to show the height of damage to trees at the burial site of Ciara Glennon in Eglinton. (Supplied: WA Supreme Court)

Key points:
The prosecution says Ciara Glennon's damaged nails are "self-defence" injuries
Justice Stephen Hall ruled some video evidence is too graphic to be shown
Screens have been errected so only the judge and senior lawyers can see the video


The partially decomposed body of a young woman allegedly murdered as part of the Claremont serial killings and dumped in bushland had "breaches" in her skin and a torn thumb nail, the WA Supreme Court has heard.

The body of lawyer Ciara Glennon, 27, was found semi-buried in vegetation in bushland north of Perth on April 3, 1997.

Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is accused of wilfully murdering Ms Glennon as well as 23-year-old childcare worker Jane Rimmer and receptionist Sarah Spiers, 18.
All three women vanished after enjoying nights out in the wealthy suburb of Claremont in 1996 and 1997.
Ms Glennon's body was discovered off a narrow limestone track near Pipidinny Road in Eglinton three weeks after she disappeared from Claremont.

On Wednesday the court heard details of the burial site of Ms Rimmer, which was broadly similar to that of Ms Glennon.


Both women's bodies had been covered with vegetation and were located within a few metres of a track or access road.
Ms Rimmer was lying on her left and Ms Glennon on her right, each with an arm outstretched, in poses the prosecution described as almost mirror images of each other.


Video 'too graphic' to be shown to public
An hour-long video filmed by police of the examination of Ms Glennon's body at Eglinton and the surrounding bushland was played to part of the court on Thursday, but could not be seen by those in the public gallery or media benches.
The video was one of a number of pieces of evidence Justice Stephen Hall had earlier ruled was too graphic and distressing to be shown to the wider court room.
Former senior pathologist Karen Margolius could be heard on the tape commenting on various aspects of the body's appearance, as former police officer Robert Hemelaar, who was present at the scene on the day, narrated the video from the witness box.
"There are some breaches of the skin," Dr Margolius could be heard saying.
"The thumb nail is split and it's torn.
"The nail on the ring finger is short. I don't know if it's been broken, I couldn't be sure. It's shorter than the others."

Ms Glennon's damaged nails have been established as a key part of the prosecution's argument that she fought for her life against her killer, sustaining "self-defence" injuries in the process.
The court heard her body was found fully clothed, although her black skirt appeared to have been pulled up around her waist. She was wearing jewellery including a navel ring, earrings, a watch and a gold chain bracelet.
At one point in the video a reference was made to a fibre collected from a part of the vegetation nearby.
The prosecution has linked fibres collected from the bodies of both Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer, as well as DNA evidence from underneath Ms Glennon's fingernails, to Edwards.

Mr Hemelaar noted that vegetation surrounding the body seemed to have been disturbed.
"It appears that twigs have been torn from the trees, so they've stripped the bark and the twigs down," he said.
Later, the wider court was shown photos of the scene showing a series of damaged trees where branched had apparently been ripped off to cover Ms Glennon's body.

Edwards is around 185 centimetres tall.
Mr Hemelaar told the court a large number of samples were taken from the area and from Ms Glennon's body as well as the vegetation that had been on the body.
A hair sample labelled RH17 was also collected, a sample that is critical for the prosecution's argument because it says two blue polyester fibres linked to Edwards were found on it.
In the days that followed, fibre samples were also taken from Ms Glennon's workplace in Perth's CBD, the Mosman Park house she shared with her parents, and the Continental Hotel, where she had been drinking on the night she vanished.
Edwards fiddled with his fingers as the video was being shown, while at other times he listened intently and took notes.

Ms Glennon's father, Denis, cut a solitary figure in the front row of the public gallery as aspects of the crime scene were detailed in court. He remained in court for the duration of the distressing evidence.
The Rimmer and Spiers family were not present.
The trial, before Justice Hall, continues.

The Claremont serial killings
Three young Perth women disappeared in the mid-1990s. Two decades later, a man faces court.
Who were the Claremont victims?
Sarah Spiers. Jane Rimmer. Ciara Glennon. Three women whose names were etched into Perth's consciousness more than 20 years ago.

Do you remember the Nugan Hand Bank?
Partying At The Nugan Hand Bank And The Misadventures In The Pacific
James Ambas
Published on Jul 13, 2011
This is part 1 of a show Dave Emory and Nip Tuck did on December 3, 1986.

Jane Rimmer's body was found by a woman who went to pick flowers in a bush clearing.

Boyce still believes CIA dismissed Whitlam
EXCLUSIVE
By TROY BRAMSTON - THE AUSTRALIAN - FEBRUARY 18, 2014


CHRISTOPHER Boyce, who spent nearly 25 years in jail for selling CIA secrets to the Russians in the 1970s, has repeated his claim that the US spy agency was involved in the dismissal of Gough Whitlam's government in 1975.
https://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/boyce-still-believes-cia-dismissed-whitlam/news-story/a0abe8cc88916fe806cbe3fe4a8c6bf0

He asserts that governor-general Sir John Kerr was a CIA "flunkey" and that he was known within the CIA as "our man Kerr".
Mr Boyce says the dismissal was "a coup" executed by the US tantamount to "the velvet glove version of the government overthrow in Chile".

In an interview with journalist Mark Davis for the SBS program Dateline tonight,

Mr Boyce also claims the CIA infiltrated the top echelons of the Australian trade union movement in the 70s.
Mr Boyce worked as a telex operator for TRW, which was contracted by the CIA to manage the spy satellite, and he decoded and distributed messages from the joint intelligence facility at Pine Gap in central Australia.
What triggered his decision to steal and sell documents to the Russians was his belief that the US was deceiving Australia. "My government betrayed me long before I betrayed it," Mr Boyce says.
In 1977, Mr Boyce was arrested, sentenced and imprisoned. Three years later, he mounted a daring escape from a maximum-security prison in California. After 19 months on the run, he was recaptured and sent back to jail.
His life story was the subject of a bestselling book and later made into a Hollywood film, The Falcon and the Snowman, starring Sean Penn.
Mr Boyce's claims about CIA interference in Australian politics and labour unions were aired in an interview with journalist Ray Martin for Nine's 60 Minutes in 1982. Ten years since he was released from jail, Dateline has revisited the claims in a rare television interview.
The once high-profile fugitive and traitor says the CIA was worried that the Labor government would withdraw from the Pine Gap Agreement, threatening intelligence co-operation.
"Whitlam was viewed as an Australian Ho Chi Minh," Mr Boyce says. "He was taking Australia into socialism. You couldn't mention Whitlam's name without the spooks in there just looking nauseated. He was a threat. He was viewed as a threat to the program."
When Kerr dismissed Mr Whitlam, there was "jubilation" and "relief" within the CIA, Mr Boyce claims.
"To me, that was a coup. You Australians can call it whatever you want. I cannot sit here and prove it, but I believe it."
Mr Boyce reveals in the interview that he has never been asked by MPs at the time or since for details about his allegations.
Mr Whitlam has downplayed suggestions of CIA involvement in his dismissal.


Opinion: Gough Whitlam
The British-American coup that ended Australian independence
John Pilger - 
Fri 14 Jul 2017 


In 1975 prime minister Gough Whitlam, who has died this week, dared to try to assert his country’s autonomy. The CIA and MI6 made sure he paid the price
Across the media and political establishment in Australia, a silence has descended on the memory of the great, reforming prime minister Gough Whitlam. His achievements are recognised, if grudgingly, his mistakes noted in false sorrow. But a critical reason for his extraordinary political demise will, they hope, be buried with him.

Australia briefly became an independent state during the Whitlam years, 1972-75. An American commentator wrote that no country had “reversed its posture in international affairs so totally without going through a domestic revolution”. Whitlam ended his nation’s colonial servility. He abolished royal patronage, moved Australia towards the Non-Aligned Movement, supported “zones of peace” and opposed nuclear weapons testing.
Although not regarded as on the left of the Labor party, Whitlam was a maverick social democrat of principle, pride and propriety. He believed that a foreign power should not control his country’s resources and dictate its economic and foreign policies. He proposed to “buy back the farm”. In drafting the first Aboriginal lands rights legislation, his government raised the ghost of the greatest land grab in human history, Britain’s colonisation of Australia, and the question of who owned the island-continent’s vast natural wealth.

Latin Americans will recognise the audacity and danger of this “breaking free” in a country whose establishment was welded to great, external power. Australians had served every British imperial adventure since the Boxer rebellion was crushed in China. In the 1960s, Australia pleaded to join the US in its invasion of Vietnam, then provided “black teams” to be run by the CIA. US diplomatic cables published last year by WikiLeaks disclose the names of leading figures in both main parties, including a future prime minister and foreign minister, as Washington’s informants during the Whitlam years.
Whitlam knew the risk he was taking.

The day after his election, he ordered that his staff should not be “vetted or harassed” by the Australian security organisation, Asio

then, as now, tied to Anglo-American intelligence. When his ministers publicly condemned the US bombing of Vietnam as “corrupt and barbaric”, a CIA station officer in Saigon said: “We were told the Australians might as well be regarded as North Vietnamese collaborators.”
Whitlam demanded to know if and why the CIA was running a spy base at Pine Gap near Alice Springs, a giant vacuum cleaner which, as Edward Snowden revealed recently, allows the US to spy on everyone. “Try to screw us or bounce us,” the prime minister warned the US ambassador, “[and Pine Gap] will become a matter of contention”.
Victor Marchetti, the CIA officer who had helped set up Pine Gap, later told me, “This threat to close Pine Gap caused apoplexy in the White House … a kind of Chile [coup] was set in motion.”
Pine Gap’s top-secret messages were decoded by a CIA contractor, TRW. One of the decoders was Christopher Boyce, a young man troubled by the “deception and betrayal of an ally”. Boyce revealed that the CIA had infiltrated the Australian political and trade union elite and referred to the governor-general of Australia, Sir John Kerr, as “our man Kerr”.
Kerr was not only the Queen’s man, he had longstanding ties to Anglo-American intelligence. He was an enthusiastic member of the Australian Association for Cultural Freedom, described by Jonathan Kwitny of the Wall Street Journal in his book, The Crimes of Patriots, as “an elite, invitation-only group … exposed in Congress as being founded, funded and generally run by the CIA”. The CIA “paid for Kerr’s travel, built his prestige … Kerr continued to go to the CIA for money”.

When Whitlam was re-elected for a second term, in 1974, the White House sent Marshall Green to Canberra as ambassador. Green was an imperious, sinister figure who worked in the shadows of America’s “deep state”. Known as “the coupmaster”, he had played a central role in the 1965 coup against President Sukarno in Indonesia – which cost up to a million lives. One of his first speeches in Australia, to the Australian Institute of Directors, was described by an alarmed member of the audience as “an incitement to the country’s business leaders to rise against the government”.
The Americans and British worked together. In 1975, Whitlam discovered that Britain’s MI6 was operating against his government. “The Brits were actually decoding secret messages coming into my foreign affairs office,” he said later. One of his ministers, Clyde Cameron, told me, “We knew MI6 was bugging cabinet meetings for the Americans.” In the 1980s, senior CIA officers revealed that the “Whitlam problem” had been discussed “with urgency” by the CIA’s director, William Colby, and the head of MI6, Sir Maurice Oldfield. A deputy director of the CIA said: “Kerr did what he was told to do.”
On 10 November 1975, Whitlam was shown a top-secret telex message sourced to Theodore Shackley, the notorious head of the CIA’s East Asia division, who had helped run the coup against Salvador Allende in Chile two years earlier.
Shackley’s message was read to Whitlam. It said that the prime minister of Australia was a security risk in his own country. The day before, Kerr had visited the headquarters of the Defence Signals Directorate, Australia’s NSA, where he was briefed on the “security crisis”.
On 11 November – the day Whitlam was to inform parliament about the secret CIA presence in Australia – he was summoned by Kerr. Invoking archaic vice-regal “reserve powers”, Kerr sacked the democratically elected prime minister. The “Whitlam problem” was solved, and Australian politics never recovered, nor the nation its true independence.

•John Pilger’s investigation into the coup against Whitlam is described in full in his book, A Secret Country (Vintage), and in his documentary film, Other People’s Wars, which can be viewed on http://www.johnpilger.com/

Jane Rimmer's apartment in Wembley was examined by police after she went missing. (ABC News- Andrea Mayes

​​​Former CIA agent Victor Marchetti explained the U.S.-Australian relationship very well: "Australia is going to be increasingly important to the United States, and so long as Australians keep electing the right people then there'll be a stable relationship between the two countries." (Secret Country, p. 353).
http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/20%20Years%20of%20Cover-Up1.html
For 23 years before 1972, the Australian people had been electing the "right people," the Liberal-National Country Party Coalition headed for most of that period by Robert Menzies. The Coalition was essentially conservative, and had a foreign policy which was sycophantic, to say the least. Menzies himself actually despised Australia, and would much rather have been the Prime Minister of Britain. He once said, "A sick feeling of repugnance grows in me as I near Australia." He hated his country so much, and loved England enough to beg the British government to conduct their nuclear bomb tests from 1952 to 1958 in the Australian deserts at Maralinga (home of thirteen Aboriginal settlements). Menzies agreed to the testing without even consulting his cabinet. As John Pilger says, "Australia gained the distinction of becoming the only country in the world to have supplied uranium for nuclear bombs which its Prime Minister allowed to be dropped by a foreign power on his own people without adequate warning." (A Secret Country, p. 168).
Later Liberal Prime Ministers turned their sycophancy towards the United States. John Gorton said in 1969 "We will go a-waltzing Matilda with you," and Harold Holt coined the phrase "All the way with LBJ" when sending Australian troops to the Vietnam War. Again, the Liberal government was so desperate to please the Americans that they did all they could to engineer from the South Vietnamese government an invitation to send Australian troops. When the South Vietnamese government was not forthcoming, the Liberal government sent troops and advisers anyway, and mislead Parliament in a similar way that Lyndon Johnson misled Congress with the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
Compared to the Coalition government (made up of the conservative Liberal and National Country parties), the Labor Party which was elected into office in December 1972 on the platform of "It's Time" quickly showed themselves to be the "wrong people" in the eyes of the United States.
In the domestic sphere, Labor Prime Minister Gough Whitlam's first 100 days put Bill Clinton to shame. The Whitlam government ended conscription and ordered the last Australian troops home from Vietnam. It brought in legislation giving equal pay to women, established a national health service free to all, doubled spending on education and abolished university fees, increased wages, pensions and unemployment benefits, ended censorship, reformed divorce laws and set up the Family Law Courts, funded the arts and film industry, assumed federal government responsibility for Aboriginal affairs (health, education, welfare and land rights), scrapped royal patronage, and replaced "God Save the Queen" as the national anthem with "Advance Australia Fair."
Whitlam and several of his ministers, most notably Rex Connor, Minister for Minerals and Energy, and Dr. Jim Cairns, who eventually became Treasurer and Deputy Prime Minister, wanted to pursue a policy of "buying back the farm."

BUYING BACK THE FARM
The 1973 oil crisis pushed the costs of energy to an all-time high, and caused disarray to economies all over the world. Australia suffered with the rest of them, with rising inflation and unemployment.
Yet one of the Whitlam government's platforms was to reclaim Australian ownership of Australia's vast natural resources, such as oil and minerals, and its manufacturing industries. By the late 1960s, foreign control of the mining industry, for example, stood at 60%, while 97% of the automobile industry was foreign-owned. Both Whitlam and Rex Connor had grandiose ideas for developing the necessary infrastructure, and the means to help Australian companies to "buy back the farm." Connor's schemes included a petroleum pipeline across Australia, uranium enrichment plants, updated port facilities, and solar energy development, as well as the establishment of government bodies with the authority to oversee development and investment in key areas, such as oil refineries and mining. Connor estimated that Australia's mineral and energy reserves were worth $5.7 trillion dollars.
However, buying back the farm would not be cheap for a nation in the grip of inflation and economic stagnation. It was determined that the government would need about $4 billion. While Australia had an excellent credit rating with its usual lending banks in the U.S. and England, no established bank would extend Australia an amount even close to a quarter of what it wanted.
The other side to the oil crisis of 1973 was that the OPEC members in the Middle East were rolling in petrodollars. To Whitlam, Rex Connor and Jim Cairns, the Middle East seemed an appealing source of funds, as it would also be yet another step towards gaining independence from Australia's traditional economic partners.

In 1974, Whitlam instructed Connor and Cairns to find a Middle Eastern source for a $4 billion loan.
So began the Loans affairs.
THE LOANS AFFAIRS
Once word got out that the Australian government wanted to obtain such a large loan, both Connor and Cairns were inundated with offers to broker the loan. Most offers were from crackpots. There were two offers, however, which brought about the downfall of both the Ministers involved, and eventually the downfall of the Labor government.
In March 1975, Treasurer and Deputy Prime Minister Jim Cairns met with George Harris, a Melbourne businessman, who told Cairns that a $4 billion loan was available "with a once-only brokerage fee of 2.5%." To confirm that the offer was genuine, Harris showed Cairns a letter from the New York office of Commerce International. According to an intermediary present at the meeting, Cairns rejected the offer, as the terms of the loan were "unbelievable" and a "fairy tale" and Cairns refused to sign any letters making a commitment to the brokerage fee. He did, however, write for Harris two letters saying that the Australian government was interested in raising a loan.
Two months later, Cairns was asked in Parliament whether he had signed a letter committing the government to a 2.5% brokerage fee. Cairns denied he had signed any such agreement. However, several days later, an incriminating letter with Cairns signature was reproduced in major newspapers around Australia. Cairns did not remember signing the letter, and said so. Nevertheless, he was forced to resign his position for misleading Parliament.

THE KHEMLANI AFFAIR

Minister for Minerals and Energy, Rex Connor, was also commissioned by Whitlam to find a Middle Eastern source for the $4 billion loan.
The Khemlani affair began in October 1974 when South Australian Greek emigre Gerry Karidis met up with and old friend of his, Labor Minister Clyde Cameron, at a party in Cameron's electorate. Karidis told Cameron that he knew of some sources for loans if the Australian government was interested. Cameron passed the information on to Cairns and Connor, who then met with Karidis.
Karidis was not certain of the sources of the funds, but a friend of his said that the money could certainly be raised.
The connection between Karidis and Khemlani is circuitous. Khemlani, who was manager of Dalamal and Sons, a London-based commodities firm, was a business associate of Theo Crannendonk, a Dutch arms and commodities trader. Crannendonk in turn knew Thomas Yu, a Hong Kong arms dealer, who in turn knew Karidis' friend, Tibor Shelley.
Khemlani said he first heard that the Australian government was interested in raising a loan while he was visiting his friend Crannendonk. Khemlani was in Crannendonk's office when a telex about the loan came through from Thomas Yu. Khemlani volunteered to broker the loan at very reasonable rates, despite the fact that he had no experience in brokering loans, let alone such a large one.
Khemlani arrived in Australia on November 11, 1974 with Theo Crannendonk, and met with Cameron and Connor. Connor told Khemlani about the government's interest in a $4 billion loan, and gave him a letter of introduction to that effect. On December 13, the Labor Party's Executive Council (which on that day consisted of Connor, Cairns, Whitlam, and Lionel Murphy) authorised Connor to raise the $4 billion 20-year loan "for temporary purposes."
The Executive Council can approve loan-raising activities without consulting the Labor Caucus or Parliament, but only if the loans are for temporary purposes. How Whitlam and his close circle of Ministers could consider a $4 billion loan over 20 years "temporary" is beyond comprehension, and smacks of attempting to keep the matter as secret as possible.
Unfortunately, by not consulting the Labor Party Caucus, Whitlam, Connor, Cairns, and Murphy were their own worst enemies. Had they consulted with their colleagues and Parliament, they would not have placed their party and their government in hot water, and would not have entertained the idea of a loan the terms of which meant that the Australian government would have to pay $20 billion in November 1995.
Various attempts were supposedly made by Khemlani to raise the money. But each time he claimed to have come up with the goods, the deals fell through. By late December of 1974, Australian Treasury and other officials became increasingly suspicious that Khemlani was leading the government on. Sir Frederick Wheeler, the permanent head of the Treasury Department convinced Cairns, then Treasurer, that Khemlani was lying to the Australian government about his ability to raise the loan.

On December 21, 1974, Connor telexed Khemlani and terminated their relationship. On January 7, 1975, the Executive Council revoked Connor's authority to search for loan sources.

Nevertheless, Khemlani continued to work on the loan-raising, and on January 28 Connor's loan authority was re-instated, on Khemlani's promise that he was confident that a loan would soon be provided, even up to $8 billion. Connor's authority, however, was reduced to securing a loan for only $2 billion.
But again Khemlani failed. For months Khemlani promised Connor he could raise the money. Connor became obsessed that Khemlani was the man to get results, regardless of the many disappointments. Khemlani let Connor down every time.
On May 20, 1975, Connor's authority was revoked once and for all. But three days later, Khemlani contacted Connor and told him that a loan was within short reach. Connor replied positively, and continued to deal with Khemlani, behind the government's back. Even Whitlam did not know of this. On June 10, Whitlam told a press conference that none of his Ministers any longer had the authority to raise a loan, and no loan was being raised. On July 9, Connor was asked to table in Parliament all documents relating to his loan-raising activities. He neglected to tell Parliament that he was still dealing with Khemlani.
Leaks of the loan deals appeared in various newspapers around the country. Then in October 1975, after nearly a year of promises to drum up a loan, Khemlani turned up in Australia with two suitcases full of the telexes Connor had sent him, including those sent after Connor was ordered not to contact Khemlani again. Khemlani handed the telexes over to the Opposition (who had provided Khemlani with bodyguards on his arrival to Australia), and the incriminating telexes appeared in newspapers around the country.
It is not known why Khemlani would turn on the government as he did, but it is presumed that he was handsomely rewarded for it. The Liberal-Country Party Coalition denied they had paid Khemlani, but there is evidence that the media did buy the telexes off him.
Connor was forced to resign on October 14 for misleading Parliament, just like Jim Cairns five months before him. As Whitlam had also told the Australian people that no more attempts were being made to raise such a large loan, he was also accused of misleading the public. The scandal provided for the Opposition with the "reprehensible circumstances" they needed to block the passage of the Budget though the Senate and force an election.
The scene was set for the dismissal of the Whitlam government.

TOWARDS DISMISSAL
Although the Labor party won the 1972 election, it did not have a majority in the Senate. A majority is only required in the House of Representatives in order to form a government. The Senate is usually seen, and usually behaves, as a rubber-stamp body, approving the Bills introduced in the lower house. Nevertheless, in late 1973, the Coalition led by then Opposition leader, Liberal MP Billy Snedden, blocked the passage of the Budget in the Senate in order to force an election. As a result, both houses of Parliament were dissolved.
As the Labor Government was riding high in popularity, Whitlam called an election for May 1974. His government was elected for the second time in 18 months. It also gained a few more seats in the Senate. Labor and the Coalition each held 29 seats, and two independents held the balance of power.
Then in February 1975, Attorney-General Lionel Murphy was appointed to the High Court, thus leaving his New South Wales seat vacant. Traditionally, when a Minister retired from or died in office, the Premier from his State would replace him with a person from the same Party. However, the New South Wales Liberal Premier broke with tradition and appointed a non-Labor Senator. In May that year, Labor Senator Lance Barnard retired, and the Liberal Party won his seat in the June by-election. Then in June, Labor Senator Bert Milliner died in office. Queensland Premier, Joh Bjelke-Petersen, a staunchly anti-Labor man, also broke with tradition and appointed a non-Labor man to the vacant seat. The government balance in the Senate was lost.
With three Labor seats handed to the Opposition or "independents", it was possible for the Liberal-National Country Party Coalition in Opposition to again block Supply in the Senate. Malcolm Fraser had threatened to do since he wrested the Liberal Party leadership from Snedden in March 1975. On becoming leader of the Opposition, Fraser had announced that he would allow the government to govern, but kept his chances open to block the budget in the Senate and bring down the government, if the Labor Party provided any "reprehensible circumstances" that would force him to do so.
When the loans scandals broke, Malcolm Fraser saw his chance to bring down the Labor Government. Attempting to raise $4 billion dollars was in itself reprehensible, but for two senior Ministers (Cairns and Connor) to mislead Parliament about their activities, and for the Prime Minister to mislead the public that loan-seeking had ceased, were definitely the "reprehensible circumstances" Fraser was looking for.
Fraser made sure that he had the backing of the senior bureaucrats, big business, the legal authorities, and the media. He personally phoned the four main press barons, who ensured their support. Then on October 16, Coalition MPs in the Senate, under Fraser's orders, deferred the Budget bills introduced by the Labor party, thus blocking Supply to the government.
Day after day in the Senate, Coalition ministers refused to pass the Budget. Without its passage, the government would run out of money and would not be able to pay civil servants' wages or pensions. The business of government would grind to a halt and cripple the country.
The Opposition insisted that Whitlam call an election for December 1975. Whitlam refused and threatened a half-Senate election - which would cause the Senate to go to the polls - something Fraser did not want, due to the threat that Fraser could lose seats and, therefore, control of the Supply bills. Neither side would back down. The Labor government sought alternatives to the Supply budget, and designed a credit system with various banks to pay pensions and wages. As the days dragged on, public opinion began to sway in favor of the Labor Government. The public blamed the Opposition for the deadlock in the Senate, and for the government's inability to pay wages and pensions. Many Coalition ministers began to waver, and tried to convince Fraser to back down. But Fraser stood firm in the face of public and party opinion, and risked his political career.

Meanwhile, the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr made feeble attempts to broker a peace.

ENTER THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL
The Governor-General is the representative of the Australian Head of State, the Queen or King of England, who is also the Queen or King of Australia. The position is one of appointment - the Governor-General is not elected by the Australian people, but is appointed by the Prime Minister of the day.
The duties of a Governor-General are ceremonial, though the there are some "reserve powers" which had never been used until November 1975.
Both John Kerr and Gough Whitlam came from working class families. Both followed careers in law, and wanted to pursue careers in politics. Both started out early in the Labor party. But while Whitlam worked his way slowly to the top, Kerr followed a different path. Even when in the Labor party, Kerr was essentially conservative, and a monarchist. As time passed, he left the Labor Party and at one time wanted to join the Liberal Party, on the condition that if he were elected, he immediately be given a seat on the front bench. Liberal party leader Robert Menzies told him he would have to wait his time like everyone else did, so Kerr abandoned the idea.
Given this background, it is interesting that Whitlam chose to appoint him Governor-General in July 1974. Kerr's appointment was seen as an attempt to appease those who wanted a titled Governor-General as well as those who wanted someone more sympathetic to Labor. Whitlam believed that Kerr as Governor-General would take, as is the norm, "advice from his Prime Minister and from no-one else."
But this was not the case.

THE DISMISSAL - NOVEMBER 11, 1975
The Budget crisis dragged on for a month.
On November 11, Parliament sat as usual, after the morning commemorations for Remembrance Day. Whitlam and Fraser met mid-morning, and Fraser made it clear that he would accept nothing less than a full election. Whitlam then telephoned Kerr to make a 1 p.m. appointment to speak to him about a half-Senate election. Kerr then rang Fraser and made an appointment to see Fraser 10 minutes after his meeting with Whitlam. Fraser arrived early, and to save appearances, Kerr insisted that his car be parked out of sight, so that Whitlam would not see it, and hid Fraser in a back room.
When Whitlam arrived, he was unaware that Fraser was waiting in the wings. Before Whitlam could present Kerr with the letter requesting a half-Senate election, Kerr asked the Prime Minister if he would hold a full election in December. Whitlam said no, but he would be willing to hold a half-Senate election. The Governor-General then used his reserve powers, and terminated Whitlam's commission, at 1:10 p.m.; dismissing the government from office.
Whitlam stormed out and went to the Prime Minister's residence, without informing his Senate ministers of what had occurred.
After Whitlam left, Kerr appointed Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister until an election could be held on December 13.
The Senate resumed sitting after lunch, at 2 p.m. The change in government had not been publicly announced, but Fraser had informed Coalition ministers in the Senate. So when Labor Senators re-introduced the Budget Bills 75 minutes after Whitlam was dismissed, the Coalition ministers passed the Budget, thus guaranteeing their new government had Supply.
The new Coalition government called for an election on December 13, the last possible day to hold an election before the new year.
Fraser won the election.

KERR'S COUP
Sir John Kerr always insisted that the decision to sack the Whitlam government was his alone, and that he was well within his constitutional rights and duties to do so. He also insisted that he gave Whitlam enough warning about what he might do.
Neither appears to be the case. On November 4th, Kerr consulted with the Governors of New South Wales and Victoria, and received an agreement from both that if advised by Kerr, they would not issue writs for a half-Senate election. He did this behind Whitlam's back.
On November 6, he sought legal advice from Sir Garfield Barwick, the Chief Justice of the High Court. Barwick's written reply was that it was the Governor-General's duty to dismiss the Whitlam government if Kerr was satisfied that the Labor government could not secure supply. The letter further advised that Kerr should give Whitlam the options of resigning or holding a general election. If Whitlam refused to do either, then, Barwick advised, Kerr should sack him.
With Barwick's backing, Kerr knew that dismissing Whitlam would not be considered illegal should the matter go to court.
It is worth noting that Barwick's decision was hardly non-partisan. He is a conservative with no sympathy for the Whitlam government. Garfield was recently interviewed on ABC's Four Corners program, during which he admitted talking with former Liberal Prime Minister Robert Menzies a few days before the Dismissal. There is no doubt that the former PM would have taken the news of Kerr's decision to Fraser. This would explain why Fraser stood unwavering in his commitment to bring down the Labor government while the rest of his party were about to give up.
Kerr's letter dismissing Whitlam said that the deadlock in the Senate had to be resolved as quickly as possible, and that Whitlam had to either resign or call a general election. He said that as Whitlam refused to do either, he was being dismissed, and a caretaker government was being appointed to secure supply and hold an election before the end of the year.

However, there are many inconsistencies between Kerr's letter and his previous actions.


At no stage did Kerr tell Whitlam that a prompt solution was necessary. And if a quick resolution was on his mind, why did he wait until the 26th day of the deadlock to dismiss Whitlam?
Kerr never previously indicated that Whitlam had to either call a general election or resign. On the contrary, the opposite impression was given.
Kerr never indicated that a half-Senate election was not suitable. Even on the 11 November, when Whitlam spoke to Kerr by phone about it, Kerr did not tell Whitlam that he would not accept it.
Kerr said he was satisfied that there was no chance of a compromise, yet many in the Liberal party believed there would be one.
Kerr said that a Prime Minister who could not obtain Supply could not govern, yet Supply had not yet been exhausted; the money would not run out for another two to three weeks. Why didn't Kerr wait until Supply had run out?
Whitlam was never given the option to resign or call a general election. Kerr simply asked him if he would hold a general election. When Whitlam said no, Kerr sacked him. Therefore, Whitlam did not refuse both his options.
Kerr moved very secretly, and very quickly. This indicates that he did not want to give Whitlam a choice.
Kerr appointed as caretaker Prime Minister the leader of the minority party, and stood by his decision even after the House of Representatives had passed a vote of no confidence in Fraser.
It is also interesting to note that Kerr must have known that Fraser would accept the commission as caretaker Prime Minister, with the conditions that he would call a general election and guarantee the passage of the Supply Bills. Does that mean that he spoke to Fraser before dismissing Whitlam? If so, Fraser had prior knowledge about Kerr's decision, and would have stood firm about blocking supply.
That may explain the comments made to the press by Deputy Liberal Party leader, Phillip Lynch just hours before the dismissal: "We believe the present course is sound for reasons which will become apparent to you later."
After the dismissal, two other Liberal ministers said that they had known what Kerr was going to do that morning. (The Unmaking of Gough, p. 355). Of course, Fraser and Deputy Opposition leader, Doug Anthony, deny they had prior knowledge of Kerr's decision.

These inconsistencies call into question Kerr's motives, and lead to questions about the timing and the real reasons behind the Dismissal of a democratically elected government.

COUP D'ETAT - WAS THE CIA INVOLVED IN THE DISMISSAL OF AN AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT?
While the Loans affairs and the Supply crisis exploded onto the front page headlines day after day, another crisis simmered in the background - the security crisis. As John Menadue, the head of the Prime Minister's Department, says, to understand the events leading to the dismissal, you must "follow the path of the security crisis." (The National Times, November 9-15, 1980).
The new Labor Government's changes in both domestic and foreign policy earned Whitlam Henry Kissinger's epithet of "one more effete social democrat." Neither Kissinger nor Nixon had any time for Whitlam or left-wing politicians in general.
People at the highest levels were concerned about what Whitlam might do to the long-standing Australian - U.S. relationship. CIA Director until 1975, William Colby, in his book Honorable Men, ranked the Whitlam government as one of the major crises of his career, comparable to the 1973 Yom Kippur (Arab-Israeli) War, when the U.S. had considered using nuclear weapons to help Israel win the war.
Many others in the intelligence community were concerned, including Ted Shackley, head of the East Asia Division of the CIA, who was said to be paranoid about Whitlam; and James Jesus Angleton, head of the CIA's Counter-Intelligence section, who despised the Labor government.
One has to ask why a new government in an allied country would cause such consternation. It seems that in the areas of foreign policy and foreign (and domestic) intelligence and security that Whitlam's Labor government stepped on a few (American) toes.

AMERICAN TOES
Almost immediately after Whitlam came into office, his government's foreign policy initiatives angered the Americans. Among Whitlam's many sins were opening an embassy in Hanoi and allowing Cuba to open a consulate in Sydney.
The question of the Vietnam War was a particularly sticky one between the new Labor government and the Americans. Several Labor politicians had gained popularity in Australia by leading the anti-Vietnam War movement. They outspokenly called Nixon and Kissinger "mass murderers" and "maniacs" for their conduct of the Vietnam War. Dr. Jim Cairns called for public rallies to condemn U.S. bombing in North Vietnam, and also for boycotts of American products. The Australian dockers unions reacted by refusing to unload American ships. While Whitlam was more moderate than Dr. Jim Cairns, Clyde Cameron and Tom Uren (prominent anti-Vietnam War Labor Ministers), he felt he had to say something to the Americans. He wrote what he considered a "moderately worded" letter to Nixon voicing his criticism of the bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong in North Vietnam, on the basis that it would be counterproductive. Nixon, needless to say, was not amused. Some insiders said he was apoplectic with rage and resented the implications that he was immoral and had to be told his duty by an outsider. Kissinger added that Whitlam's "uninformed comments about our Christmas bombing [of North Vietnam] had made him a particular object of Nixon's wrath." (Mother Jones, Feb.-Mar., 1984, p. 15)
Soon after Whitlam took office, the American ambassador to Australia, Walter Rice, was sent to meet with Whitlam in order to politely tell him to mind his own business about Vietnam. Whitlam ambushed Rice, dominated the meeting, and spoke for 45 minutes rebuking the U.S. for its conduct of the Vietnam War. Whitlam told Rice that in a press conference the next day, "It would be difficult to avoid words like 'atrocious' and 'barbarous'" when asked about the bombing.
Whitlam also brought up the issue of the American bases in Australia, and warned Rice that although he did not propose to alter the arrangements regarding the U.S. bases, "to be practical and realistic," Whitlam said, "if there were any attempt, to use familiar jargon, 'to screw us or bounce us' inevitably these arrangements would become a matter of contention." (Minutes of the meeting were reproduced in The Eye, July 1987.)

PINE GAP
The issue of Pine Gap was a touchy one for the Americans.
The Pine Gap installation at Alice Springs is one of several U.S. bases in Australia. Its stated primary function is the collection of data from American satellites over the Soviet Union, China, and Europe, and other CIA sources and transmitters around the world. The base could pick up the Soviet's coded messages about missile launchings, and can also intercept radar, radio, and microwave communications. It was integral for tracking Soviet missiles and missile testing during the Cold War, and making sure that the Soviet Union was adhering to arms control agreements. Pine Gap, as well as the other bases at Nurrungar in South Australia and North-West Cape in Western Australia are extremely important to the U.S. James Jesus Angleton, head of CIA counter-intelligence for 20 years, said Pine Gap's importance was "unlike any similar installation that may be in any other place in the free world, it elevates Australia in terms of strategic matters." (A Secret Country, p. 198). Among the reasons for Pine Gap's importance are the political stability of Australia, the Australian government's tendency towards loyalty to the United States, and the isolation of the location of Pine Gap itself. It is extremely well-placed for its purpose.
Pine Gap is supposed to be a joint facility, staffed equally by Australians and Americans. The information gathered there is also supposed to be shared. However, it had long been suspected by Australians, and by many in the Labor Party, that the Americans did not share all the information with the Australian government, nor was the U.S. forthright about some of the functions of the base.
There were at least three occasions when the Americans did not share vital information about the bases.
1) The transmitters at the North West Cape were used to assist the U.S. in mining Haiphong harbor in 1972. The Whitlam government was opposed to the mining of Vietnamese harbors, and would not have appreciated U.S. facilities on Australian soil being used to assist such an undertaking.
2) The satellites controlled by Pine Gap and Nurrungar were used to pinpoint targets for bombings in Cambodia. Again this was an activity to which the Whitlam government was opposed.
3) Whitlam was furious when he found out after the fact that U.S. bases in Australia were put on a Level 3 alert during the Yom Kippur war. The Australian bases were in danger of attack, yet the Australian Prime Minister was not alerted to this. (Incidentally, Kissinger was angered that Whitlam could be such a pest about such matters.)

There was also speculation that Pine Gap was really run by the CIA. Victor Marchetti, former Chief Executive Assistant to the Deputy Director of the CIA, and one of the drafters of the Pine Gap treaty, confirmed this suspicion: "The CIA runs it, and the CIA denies it," he said (A Secret Country, p. 198).

It was vitally important that the American base at Pine Gap remain in Australia. The U.S. had apparently discussed re-locating the base to Guam, because of the political turmoil in Australia in 1975. The cost of relocating the base was estimated to be over a billion dollars. Besides the costs, Guam was not considered to be nearly as suitable a location as Pine Gap (The National Times, Nov. 17-22, 1975).

Whitlam's conversation with Rice was not the only time he introduced uncertainties about the American bases. When asked in Parliament in April 1974 about Soviet approaches for scientific facilities in Australia (which were rejected), Whitlam suggested that the existing bases treaty with the Americans would not be extended.
The treaty covering Pine Gap was due for renewal in mid-December 1975.

In 1975, the Australian Defense Minister, Bill Morrison, met with CIA Director William Colby. Morrison was blunt with Colby, and said that he couldn't guarantee the future of the U.S. bases if it was found that the CIA was involved in activities the Australian government hadn't been told about. (The Sun, 30 April, 1977)
Yet despite such comments, it seems unlikely that Whitlam would have closed the bases down. Comments like those made to Rice and in Parliament were mostly posturing. Most comments made by Whitlam indicated that he did not mind the bases being in Australia. What he did want was to reform the alliance. He would have preferred that the U.S. keep the Australian government informed about the true functions of the bases, and disclose all information gathered by the bases - not a totally unreasonable request.

SECURITY RISK

Nevertheless, Whitlam's posturing caused alarm. When Ambassador Marshall Green (Walter Rice's replacement) was interviewed years after the Dismissal, it was suggested to him that Whitlam would never have closed the bases. He answered, "You might say that with hindsight, but you don't know how complex things were at the time. The trouble was you never really knew where you stood with him [Whitlam]" (Book of Leaks, p. 90).
Ted Shackley, chief of the East Asia Division at the CIA was furious about Whitlam's threats to the bases. According to Frank Snepp, who served with him, Shackley was "paranoid" about Labor, and regarded it as a security risk.
After Whitlam's threats to the U.S. bases, Shackley in return threatened to cut off the flow of intelligence information to Australia. This was a serious threat, as Australia was a long-standing member of the UKUSA agreement by which Australia, the U.S., England, Canada and New Zealand shared intelligence information with each other.
In this instance, the newly appointed CIA Station Chief in Australia, John Walker, successfully argued against cutting off the flow of intelligence information to Australia, on the grounds that the Labor government could then have legitimate grounds for shutting down Pine Gap.

THE HATCHET MAN
The appointment of Marshall Green as the U.S. Ambassador to Australia in 1973 indicates how seriously the U.S. took the situation.

Green was far and away the most experienced man to be appointed Ambassador to Australia.

The post was usually given to amateurs: friends of the President, or campaign contributors. Green, on the other hand, was a career diplomat who had served in many countries important to the U.S.
His appointment was seen by some Labor ministers as a sinister move. Senator Bill Brown called Green a "top U.S. hatchet man" and pointed out that Green's previous postings had been marked by coups and political upheaval in four of the countries in which he had been posted, including Indonesia.

He was widely known as "the coupmaster".
Green's stated goals (in order of importance) were

1) to maintain U.S. bases in Australia;

2) to keep the door open to American investment; and

3) to encourage Australian political support to the U.S. when and where it needed it, such as at the United Nations, and over issues such as East Timor, North Korea, and Vietnam.

UNRELIABLE
Green's appointment did little to ease the tensions between Australia and the U.S. government and intelligence community. It was too late.
The security crisis began when Whitlam insisted that his aides did not need to be vetted by ASIO (the Australian Security and Intelligence Organisation, whose function is similar to the FBI). Sir Arthur Tange, permanent head of the Defense Department, and the UKUSA's "main man" in Australia "dutifully" reported this to U.S. intelligence, who saw Whitlam's move as not only irresponsible but dangerous. The next day, a U.S. Embassy official told Richard Hall, author of The Secret State, "Your Prime Minister has just cut off one of his only options." (p. 2). Whitlam backed down immediately, but the impression of unreliability had already been made.

THE MURPHY RAID
The next glitch in the intelligence relationship came as a consequence of what came to be termed "the Murphy raid." In March, 1973, the Attorney General, Lionel Murphy, was preparing security of the upcoming visit from the Yugoslav Prime Minister. It came to Murphy's attention that ASIO was not being forthright about its knowledge of Croatian terrorist groups which might threaten the life of the Yugoslav Prime Minister. He flew down to the ASIO headquarters in Melbourne, where Commonwealth police had already secured the building, and went in search of the relevant information. The media got wind of the "raid", and blew it out of proportion.

The CIA was furious. "We entrusted the highest secrets of counter-intelligence to Australian services and we saw the sanctity of that information being jeopardized by a bull in a China shop," said James Jesus Angleton, head of counter-intelligence at the CIA until 1974. Angleton said the raid "had shown an outrageous lack of confidence," and added, "how could we stand aside without having a crisis in terms of our responsibilities as to whether we would maintain relationships with the Australian intelligence services." The threat of breaking off the intelligence relationship had been a distinct possibility (Denis Freney, The CIA's Australian Connection, 1977, p. 27-28).

Angleton had seemed perplexed by the fact that it was Murphy's prerogative, as an elected representative of the Australian people, and whose jurisdiction covered ASIO, to scrutinize ASIO's activities.

ASIO, ASIS, AND THE CIA
As members of the UKUSA agreement, ASIO and ASIS (the Australian equivalent of the CIA) were very close to the CIA, and have often been accused of being more loyal to the U.S. and British intelligence community than to their own country's government. In the early 1970s, many ASIO and ASIS agents were certainly ideologically closer to the right-wing elements in the CIA than to the Labor government. When Labor came to power, they did little to help the floundering relationship between the Whitlam government and the U.S., and instead tended to exaggerate the "threat" posed by the Labor party to themselves and to the American intelligence agencies.
The relationship between the Whitlam government and the intelligence services (ASIO, ASIS and the CIA) was further soured by a number of other factors. For example, members of the Labor Party complained that ASIO dedicated too much of their time to following the activities of left-wing groups, and not enough time to right-wing groups. The Croatian terrorist groups were a case in point. ASIO resented having their resources diverted to what they saw as wasteful areas, such as keeping tabs on the small Nazi party.
Another area of tension resulted when Whitlam discovered that ASIS agents were working with the CIA to destabilise Chile and overthrow President Salvador Allende. Whitlam ordered them to leave immediately. He was even more furious when he learned that the ASIS men had still not left Chile months later.

A similar fracas occurred over East Timor, during the lead-up to Indonesia's invasion of its small neighbour. In late October 1975, Whitlam sacked ASIS head William Robertson for not informing him that there was an ASIS contact working in East Timor. This caused great consternation in the U.S., because the American government wanted the Australians to at the very least ignore Indonesia's actions in taking over East Timor. The concern (though unfounded) was that Whitlam would side with the left-wing Timorese independence movement. Certainly many Labor ministers did favor the Fretelin movement over Indonesia.
The National Intelligence Daily, a top secret CIA briefing document for the eyes of the President, reported that "The Whitlam government seems willing to risk important relationships with Indonesia and the U.S. in order to appease leftist forces within the Labor Party." (Book of Leaks, p.93).

Whitlam also sacked ASIO head Peter Barbour in October 1975, though the reasons are unknown. Both Robertson and Barbour were long-standing and trusted members of the UKUSA community. Both were replaced by men Whitlam thought would be more loyal to him. The replacements were not approved of by the Americans.
Whitlam also set up the Hope Royal Commission in 1975 to look into the domestic intelligence services. This was widely perceived to be a threat to the power and existence of the various intelligence organisations.

The combination of incidents involving the security and intelligence services brought a sense of disquiet to U.S. intelligence, which was reinforced by Whitlam's occasional hints that the treaty concerning U.S. bases in Australia, including Pine Gap, may not be renewed if the U.S. did anything to anger Whitlam.
Steve Gerlach is a Melbourne based researcher. He founded the Australian JFK Assassination Information Centre in 1992, and was its director from 1992 to 1995 and editor of the Centre's magazine "Probable Cause". He now works independently, and is employed as a researcher by a major Melbourne newspaper.
Adelaide Gerlach has spent eight years in Peru and eight years in the USA. She has a BA (Hons.) in Politics and is employed as a researcher in the Australian trustee industry.

http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/20%20Years%20of%20Cover-Up2.html

Part Two
The security crisis reached its peak in early November 1975. In October, various Labor staff members, including those at the Prime Minister's department, began to look into foreign intelligence involvement in Australia, including the U.S. bases.
They received a tip about Richard Stallings, the head of Pine Gap between 1966 and 1968, during the base's construction. Whitlam heard that he was a CIA employee working under the cover of the U.S. Defense Department. In order to authenticate the information, the Prime Minister's Department asked the Foreign Affairs Department for its list of all CIA agents in Australia. Stallings' name was not on it. However, it came to Whitlam's attention that the Australian Defence Department kept a more comprehensive list. Richard Stallings appeared on that list.
Sir Arthur Tange, permanent head of the Defense Department, warned Whitlam that he (Tange) had a duty to inform the CIA that Whitlam knew the identity of one of its deep cover agents. Apparently Whitlam did not object. The CIA now knew what Whitlam was up to.

In an almost campaign-style speech to an ALP rally in Alice Springs on November 2nd, 1975, Whitlam made a spur-of-the-moment remark: "Every week, he [Malcolm Fraser] gets more and more desperate in his abuse of me. I have had no association with CIA money in Australia as Mr. Anthony has," he said, referring to National Country Party Leader, Doug Anthony, deputy leader of the Opposition. Anthony and Stallings had been friends for quite some time, after Stallings and his family had rented Anthony's Canberra home.
Whitlam did not actually name Stallings. The next day, an article in the Australian Financial Review took up Whitlam's accusation, and named Richard Stallings as the CIA employee, and Pine Gap as a CIA-run installation.
Anthony was compelled to defend himself. He retorted that he was not aware that his friend Stallings was a CIA man. He demanded that Whitlam provide evidence. In a speech two days later, Whitlam stated that he knew of at least two instances in which the CIA had funded the Opposition parties, but he did not provide any proof.
At this point, the Australian Foreign Affairs and Defence Departments, via the U.S. embassy in Canberra, made it clear to the U.S. State Department and President Ford that they "would welcome formal U.S. government statements denying any CIA financial involvement in Australian political parties." (Mother Jones, p. 44). The U.S. State Department obliged, and categorically denied that Stallings was a CIA employee. The U.S. embassy and the head of the CIA, William Colby, also denied CIA involvement in Australian politics.

Sir Arthur Tange, was extremely concerned about the Stallings matter. Tange had extensive contacts with the intelligence community and realised how angry the Americans were about Whitlam and the press revealing CIA operatives and installations. He made frantic efforts to diffuse the situation. He asked Bill Morrison, the Defence Minister, to speak to Doug Anthony and convince him to drop the matter for the sake of "national security". But it was too late. Anthony wanted to clear his name and refused to drop it. Instead, he put a question on the Parliamentary notice paper for Whitlam to provide proof of his accusations.
Whitlam's answer was scheduled to be read on November 11, the very day Whitlam and his government would be dismissed from office in Australia's only coup d'etat.

"NATIONAL SECURITY"
A draft copy of Whitlam's answer was circulated, and a copy given to Sir Arthur Tange. The answer stated that Whitlam had obtained his information from the Defence Department, which in turn obtained its information from the U.S. Defence Department. Tange tried desperately to get Whitlam to modify his answer. He was concerned that because the U.S. government had categorically denied that Stallings was a CIA employee, Whitlam would be calling members of the U.S. government liars. But Whitlam refused to change his answer, as he believed that not to reveal his sources would be to mislead Parliament. On the day Whitlam was to read his answer in Parliament, Tange told a Whitlam staffer that "This is the gravest risk to the nation's security there has ever been." (The Nation Review, May 7-13, 1976, p.733).
The crisis inspired the now infamous cable from Ted Shackley via ASIO's Washington office to ASIO headquarters in Australia. It is reprinted here in full:

FOLLOWING MESSAGE RECEIVED FROM ASIO LIAISON OFFICER WASHINGTON: BEGINS: ON NOVEMBER 8 SHACKLEY CHIEF EAST ASIA DIVISION CIA REQUESTED ME TO PASS THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE TO DG [DIRECTOR GENERAL].

ON 2 NOVEMBER THE PM OF AUSTRALIA MADE A STATEMENT AT ALICE SPRINGS TO THE EFFECT THAT THE CIA HAD BEEN FUNDING ANTHONY'S NATIONAL COUNTRY PARTY IN AUSTRALIA.

ON 4 NOVEMBER THE U.S. EMBASSY IN AUSTRALIA APPROACHED AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL AND CATEGORICALLY DENIED THAT CIA HAD GIVEN OR PASSED FUNDS TO AN ORGANISATION OR CANDIDATE FOR POLITICAL OFFICE IN AUSTRALIA AND TO THIS EFFECT WAS DELIVERED TO ROLAND AT DFA [DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS] CANBERRA ON 5 NOVEMBER. ON 6 NOVEMBER ASST SECRETARY EDWARDS OF U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT VISITING DCM [DEPUTY CHIEF OF MISSION] AT THE AUSTRALIAN EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON AND PASSED SAME MESSAGE THAT THE CIA HAD NOT FUNDED AN AUSTRALIAN POLITICAL PARTY. IT WAS REQUESTED THAT THIS MESSAGE BE SENT TO CANBERRA. AT THIS STAGE CIA WAS DEALING ONLY WITH THE STALLINGS INCIDENT AND WAS ADOPTING A NO COMMENT ATTITUDE IN THE HOPE THAT THE MATTER WOULD BE GIVEN LITTLE OR NO PUBLICITY. STALLINGS IS A RETIRED CIA EMPLOYEE [Author's emphasis].

ON NOVEMBER 6 THE PRIME MINISTER PUBLICLY REPEATED THE ALLEGATION THAT HE KNEW OF TWO INSTANCES IN WHICH CIA MONEY HAD BEEN USED TO INFLUENCE DOMESTIC AUSTRALIAN POLITICS. SIMULTANEOUSLY PRESS COVERAGE IN AUSTRALIA WAS SUCH THAT A NUMBER OF CIA MEMBERS SERVING IN AUSTRALIA HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED -WALKER UNDER STATE DEPARTMENT COVER AND FITZWATER AND BONIN UNDER DEFENCE COVER. NOW THAT THESE FOUR PERSONS HAVE BEEN PUBLICISED IT IS NOT POSSIBLE FOR THE CIA TO CONTINUE TO DEAL WITH THE MATTER ON A NO COMMENT BASIS. THEY NOW HAVE TO CONFER WITH THE COVER AGENCIES WHICH HAVE BEEN SAYING THAT THE PERSONS CONCERNED ARE IN FACT WHAT THEY SAY THERE ARE, E.G. DEFENCE DEPARTMENT SAYING THAT STALLINGS IS A RETIRED DEFENCE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEE.

ON NOVEMBER 7 FIFTEEN NEWSPAPER OR WIRE SERVICE REPS CALLED THE PENTAGON SEEKING INFORMATION ON THE ALLEGATIONS MADE IN AUSTRALIA. CIA IS PERPLEXED AT THIS POINT AS TO WHAT ALL THIS MEANS. DOES THIS SIGNIFY SOME CHANGE IN OUR BILATERAL INTELLIGENCE SECURITY RELATED FIELDS? CIA CANNOT SEE HOW THIS DIALOGUE WITH CONTINUED REFERENCE TO CIA CAN DO OTHER THAN BLOW THE LID OFF THOSE INSTALLATIONS WHERE THE PERSONS CONCERNED HAVE BEEN WORKING AND WHICH ARE VITAL TO BOTH OF OUR SERVICES AND COUNTRIES, PARTICULARLY THE INSTALLATIONS AT ALICE SPRINGS.

ON NOVEMBER 7, AT A PRESS CONFERENCE, COLBY WAS ASKED WHETHER THE ALLEGATIONS MADE IN AUSTRALIA WERE TRUE. HE CATEGORICALLY DENIED THEM.

CONGRESSMAN OTIS PIKE CHAIRMAN OF THE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE INQUIRING INTO THE CIA, HAS BEGUN TO MAKE ENQUIRIES ON THE ISSUE AND HAS ASKED WHETHER THE CIA HAS BEEN FUNDING AUSTRALIAN POLITICAL PARTIES. THIS HAS BEEN DENIED BY THE CIA REP IN CANBERRA IN PUTTING THE CIA POSITION TO RELEVANT PERSONS THERE. 

HOWEVER, CIA FEELS IT NECESSARY TO SPEAK ALSO DIRECTLY TO ASIO BECAUSE OF THE COMPLEXITY OF THE PROBLEM. HAS ASIO HQ BEEN CONTACTED OR INVOLVED? CIA CAN UNDERSTAND A STATEMENT MADE IN POLITICAL DEBATE BUT CONSTANT FURTHER UNRAVELING WORRIES THEM. IS THERE A CHANGE IN THE PRIME MINISTER'S ATTITUDE IN AUSTRALIAN POLICY IN THIS FIELD? THIS MESSAGE SHOULD BE REGARDED AS AN OFFICIAL DEMARCHE ON A SERVICE TO SERVICE LINK. IT IS A FRANK EXPLANATION OF A PROBLEM SEEKING COUNSEL ON THAT PROBLEM. CIA FEELS THAT EVERYTHING POSSIBLE HAS BEEN DONE ON A DIPLOMATIC BASIS AND NOW ON AN INTELLIGENCE LIAISON LINK THEY FEEL THAT IF THIS PROBLEM CANNOT BE SOLVED THEY DO NOT SEE HOW OUR MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL RELATIONSHIPS ARE GOING TO CONTINUE[authors' emphasis].

THE CIA FEELS GRAVE CONCERNS AS TO WHERE THIS TYPE OF PUBLIC DISCUSSION MAY LEAD. THE DG SHOULD BE ASSURED THAT CIA DOES NOT LIGHTLY ADOPT THIS ATTITUDE. YOUR URGENT ADVICE WOULD BE APPRECIATED AS TO THE REPLY WHICH SHOULD BE MADE TO CIA. 

AMBASSADOR IS FULLY INFORMED OF THIS MESSAGE.

When Shackley was interviewed years later, he said that his cable had authorisation from above. Although he did not name names, the implication was that Kissinger had given the OK. (Book of Leaks, p. 97).

The implications of the message were firstly that the CIA was bypassing the Australian government and virtually demanding that ASIO intervene and pressure the government, and that ASIO has an obligation of loyalty to the CIA to do so. The message was not meant to be passed on to Whitlam. However, the acting head of ASIO was a Whitlam appointee who saw the seriousness of the matter. He handed the cable to Whitlam. The cable was made public several years later.

The cable also made it clear that the CIA had been deceiving Australian government about Richard Stallings and Pine Gap. What else were they deceiving the Australian government about?

The cable also implied that the CIA would threaten to cut off the flow of intelligence information to the Australian services, and perhaps take even more strenuous action.

As Shackley's cable indicated, there were several other CIA men working under cover in Australia. Their identities had not been revealed by Whitlam, but by the media. Nevertheless, there was no way for Shackley and the CIA to know how much Whitlam knew, and how much he would reveal to the public, especially about Pine Gap, but also about other CIA activities in Australia. Shackley may have already known that Whitlam had begun to look into CIA matters in Australia.
By revealing what he knew already, Whitlam had telegraphed his intentions. He had to be stopped.
Whitlam did not have the opportunity to present the proof he had about CIA involvement in Australian politics to Parliament on November 11. He was dismissed by Governor-General Sir John Kerr at 1:10 p.m. that day.
What may be nearly as unfortunate as the Dismissal of an elected government is the timing of Whitlam's revelations about the CIA and Anthony. Labor Minister Clyde Cameron, wrote in his diaries, "Once his allegations hit the headlines, the sources dried up immediately." (The Cameron Diaries, p. 499). Whitlam had moved too soon.

CIA IN CRISIS

Even in November 1975, speculation about CIA involvement in the Dismissal was rife. Since that day, speculation has not dampened.
Yet from the time allegations about Richard Stallings and Pine Gap hit the papers, the CIA and the American government denied any involvement in Australia.
This is understandable, considering that while the events of the dismissal unfolded, several Congressional committees were investigating the CIA's activities all over the world. The CIA were facing pressures never before encountered. On November 2, 1975, the same day Whitlam made his accusations about the National Country Party being funded by the CIA, Henry Kissinger fired CIA director William Colby for being too honest with Congress. The CIA was in trouble.
If Whitlam had stood up in Parliament on November 11 and revealed that Pine Gap was a CIA-run installation and that the CIA were funding political parties in Australia, the U.S. Congress may have initiated an investigation into CIA activities in Australia. It is bad enough to undermine a third world government, but to undermine an ally is worse. The CIA would have been condemned and swiftly re-organised or worse, possibly shut down completely.
Therefore they continued to deny any involvement in the political events in Australia, and hoped the matter would fade away.

STRAIGHT FROM THE HORSE'S MOUTH
Despite CIA denials, a picture has formed of their dirty tricks in Australia. And much of the evidence comes straight from the mouths of CIA employees.

Former CIA deputy director of intelligence, Ray Cline, denies that there was any "formal" CIA covert action program against the Whitlam government during Cline's time in office (Cline left the CIA in 1973). "I'm sure we never had a political action program, although some people around the office were beginning to think we should." He explains that the U.S. and Australia had a very healthy relationship in the area of intelligence exchange. "But when the Whitlam government came to power, there was a period or turbulence to do with Alice Springs [Pine Gap]." He went on to say, "the whole Whitlam episode was very painful. He had a very hostile attitude."
Cline denied direct CIA interference, but outlined a scenario he saw as acceptable U.S. intelligence behavior. "You couldn't possibly throw in a covert action program to a country like Australia, but the CIA would go so far as to provide information to people who would bring it to the surface in Australia..." for example a Whitlam error "which they were willing to pump into the system so it might be to his damage." Such actions do not, in Cline's opinion, amount to a "political operation."
The method as outlined by Cline would be for the CIA to supply damaging information which the Australian security services would use against the government, presumably via other people, such as the media and the Opposition parties. This scenario fits well with what others have said. A U.S. diplomat stationed in Australia at the time, tells how CIA station chief in Australia, John Walker would "blow in the ear" of National Country Party members, and not long afterwards, the Whitlam government would be asked embarrassing questions in Parliament (The National Times, March 21-27, 1982).
Former Deputy Prime Minister Jim Cairns concurred that the methods used by the CIA would be as simple as that. When asked if he thought the CIA were capable of interfering with Australian politics, Cairns told the authors, "The CIA is capable, no doubt." By interfering, Cairns means gossip, influencing people by words. He also said it was not a "conspiracy" as such, but that these people are like that anyway. That is, the CIA would seek out like-minded people: "They think the same way, act the same way - it's not a conspiracy as such, just the way they think and act. And it's still going on today."
The loans affairs are perfect examples where "gossip" could have been used to good effect - and was.

WAS CAIRNS SET-UP?
The evidence that Cairns was set up is compelling. The motives may have been not only to discredit and damage the Whitlam government but also to get him out of the way. Cairns was already one of the most popular Labor ministers for his leadership of the anti-Vietnam war movement. His popularity rose over Christmas 1974, when as Acting Prime Minister he flew to Darwin to view the destruction caused by Hurricane Tracy. As Deputy Prime Minister, he would be the next in line to take on the leadership of the Labor Party. But as he was even more left-wing and anti-American than Whitlam, the prospect of Cairns being the next Prime Minister frightened the CIA. Even early on attempts were made to discredit Cairns. For example, ASIO leaked their dossier on him to the Bulletin (June 1974). It indicated that ASIO's main concern about Cairn's was the "terrorist" potential of his part in the anti-Vietnam war protests.
Far more startling are the facts concerning George Harris and the loans affair. The letter Harris showed Cairns was from Commerce International, an arms-dealing company based in Belgium, and with widespread links with the CIA. Commerce International is a highly classified topic at the CIA.
It does not seem completely clear how the Opposition obtained knowledge of the letter with Cairns signature on it. However, Harris was seen with Phillip Lynch, Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, a few days before Cairns was asked in Parliament about the letter. If Harris was legitimate, why would he leak the information to the Opposition?
Further evidence of a set-up was provided by Leslie Nagy, an intermediary at the meeting between Cairns and Harris. According to Nagy, Cairns had left the meeting, refusing to sign his name to a letter making a commitment to a brokerage fee. Yet minutes later, to Nagy's surprise, Harris produced a letter with Cairns' signature agreeing to the 2.5% brokerage fee. While Harris denies that he set Cairns up, Cairns still does not acknowledge that he signed the incriminating letter.
Lastly, the CIA themselves provided an interesting hint that there was some sleight-of-hand in the loans affair. The National Intelligence Daily, the CIA's intelligence-gathering arm's top-secret briefing document for the President reported on July 3, 1975 that Dr. Cairns had been sacked, "even though some of the evidence had been fabricated." An ASIO officer writing for the Bulletin in June 1976 concurred. He said he believed that "some of the documents which helped discredit the Labor Government in the last year in office were forgeries planted by the CIA."

CREEPY KHEMLANI
Khemlani was a suspicious character from the word go. Why Connor chose to deal through him in the first place, and why he continued to deal with him, is a mystery.
Khemlani's behavior during the 11 months of the loans affair was certainly peculiar. The heads of the Treasury Department and the Reserve Bank had various lengthy discussions about him. They asked the very pertinent question of why Khemlani had volunteered in the first place, and why he continued to say he could get the $4 billion loan. After all, Khemlani spent a great deal of time, and presumably a great deal of money, yet the Australian government had never promised him anything in return and had never paid him a cent. In fact, the arrangement was that Khemlani was to be paid by whoever provided the loan, rather than by the Australian government. So where was Khemlani getting his money? Why was he so patient, and why did he continue to search for the money when he was promised nothing in return?

Khemlani's connections, and his activities after the Dismissal shed some light on the loans affair.
Khemlani heard about the Australian loan from Thomas Yu, a Hong Kong businessman. Both Yu and Khemlani's friend Theo Crannendonk had entered into a joint venture with Commerce International's Gerhard Whiffen, CI's Singapore representative, in a proposal to ship arms to the CIA backed rebels in Angola. The joint venture also included Chris Brading and Don Booth. Booth was a former CIA employee. Brading was a pilot for Air America, a CIA airline which operated extensively during the Vietnam war all over South East Asia.

It is highly possible that Yu sent Khemlani to Australia to conduct dirty tricks for the CIA.
Interestingly, the CIA says it does not have any files on Khemlani. However, they told journalists Brian Toohey and Marian Wilkinson that the NSA did have information on Khemlani. The National Security Agency (NSA) is the U.S. intelligence organisation which intercepts communications overseas to pass on to other intelligence agencies. It is not surprising that they would have intelligence on Khemlani, as he was firing off telexes all over the Middle East. The NSA was very active in monitoring communications in the area, especially in the mid 1970s.
Several years after the loans affair, Khemlani was still up to his old tricks, defrauding people of their money. In 1980, Khemlani financially ruined an American businessman by the name of Charles Murphy. He left behind in Murphy's home suitcases full of documents detailing many of his activities over the last couple of years, including his connection with the Nugan Hand Bank of Sydney.
In 1978, Khemlani entered into a relationship with the Nugan Hand Bank's Cayman Island's branch. The Nugan Hand Bank was based in Sydney from 1970. It collapsed in 1980 when one of its co-founders, Frank Nugan, was found dead in his car, with ex-CIA chief William Colby's business card in his pocket. Nugan Hand Bank has since been found to have extensive links to arms and drug dealing, and the CIA. Its list of employees reads like a who's who of the CIA and U.S. military circles. The other co-founder of Nugan Hand, Michael Hand, disappeared after the bank's collapse. Hand was employed by the CIA for covert operations in South East Asia during the Vietnam War. Other Nugan Hand managers included General Edwin Black (Commander of U.S. forces in Thailand), Rear-Admiral Earl Yates (former Chief of Staff for Policy and Plans of the U.S. Pacific Command and a counter-insurgency specialist), Patry Loomis (CIA employee), and William Colby, head of the CIA.
It is not known if Khemlani's ties with Nugan Hand predated their relationship in 1978. But in September of that year, he contacted them with a proposal to have Nugan Hand act as a trustee for several of Khemlani's projects.
The papers held by Murphy also show that after his loan-raising activities with Australia, he went on to pull similar stunts in several third world countries, including Haiti, Sierra Leone, and Ghana.
In 1979, Khemlani was arrested by the FBI for stealing $1 million worth of bonds from the Citizens National Bank in Chicago. He was given a suspended 3 year sentence for turning state's evidence and fingering the Mafia people he was working for. U.S. authorities informed ASIO of Khemlani's arrest. Why they told ASIO is not known, as there were no Australian warrants out for his arrest.

Other evidence corroborates Khemlani's possible CIA connections:
Former CIA employee Ralph McGehee came out with his own tell-all book on the CIA, Deadly Deceits, following the example of Victor Marchetti and Phillip Agee, who in the early 1970s released their own books about the CIA's nefarious activities. McGehee says that the CIA played a major part in the downfall of Connor and Cairns by releasing forged documents. The documents were tabled in Parliament to discredit and damage the Whitlam government. The documents provided by Khemlani were among the forgeries.
On November 11, 1975, Whitlam received a letter, along with a draft of a telex, which shows the CIA involvement with Khemlani. The draft was found in a hotel room in Hawaii, and was posted anonymously to Whitlam.
The draft reads:
DRAFT COPY ONLY
1. DO NOT TRANSMIT VIA PHONE OR LETTER. ENCIPHER BEFORE TRANSMITTING BY TELEX CONTACT 'LM' AT 536 6009 FOR ASSISTANCE.
REFERENCE YOUR CORRESPONDENCE ON 11 OCT, 1975.
ON 16 OCT., MR. T. KHEMLANI WILL BE DEPARTING FOR SINGAPORE TO ARRANGE MATTERS IN CASE GOVERNMENT CAPITULATION SEEMS NEAR.
IF NOT MR. KHEMLANI WILL RETURN TO AUSTRALIA ON OR ABOUT 26 OCT 75 TO CREATE FURTHER CHAOS.
NEWSPAPERS' EDITORIALS MUST CONTINUE TO PUT PRESSURE ON THE LABOR GOVERNMENT IF CAPITULATION IS TO SUCCEED.
IF NECESSARY OFFER....
IF CAPITULATION DOES NOT SUCCEED BY 14 NOVEMBER 75, SUPPORT FROM OVERSEAS WILL CEASE UNTIL MID 76. (Author's emphasis).


The draft telex appeared in the Sun newspaper in May 1977. The reporter said that the CIA denied they had anyone with the initials 'LM' working in Hawaii.

But when a National Times newspaper reporter rang the number given in the draft, they were connected to CIA headquarters in Hawaii.

WAS NUGAN HAND INVOLVED?
In 1981, a CIA contract employee, Joseph Flynn, claimed that he had been paid to forge some documents relating to the loans affair, and also to bug Whitlam's hotel room. The person who paid him was Michael Hand, co-founder of the Nugan Hand Bank. (The National Times, Jan. 4-10, 1981).

THE BOYCE TRIAL
In 1977, more confirmation and details about the CIA's involvement in Australian politics emerged when Christopher Boyce and Andrew Dalton Lee were arrested in the United States for selling secrets to the Soviet Union.
Boyce started work in 1974 with TRW Incorporated, a Californian aerospace company which did contract work for the CIA. Boyce's job was as a cipher clerk in the "black vault", a code room where top-secret messages from American bases and satellites were received and deciphered. Among the bases sending messages via TRW was Pine Gap.
Boyce and Lee were both disillusioned by the state of America. One day, whilst discussing the Watergate scandal and the CIA inspired coup in Chile, Boyce said to Lee, "You think that's bad? You should hear what the CIA is doing to the Australians." He then told Lee about the deceptions practiced by the U.S. on the Australian government.
Boyce and Lee decided that the best way to change things was to sell the secrets Boyce learned in the black vault to the Soviets. Boyce would photograph documents, and Lee sold them to the Soviet embassy in Mexico City. While Boyce's motivation was his idealism, Lee, a drug-addict, was in it for the money.

They were caught in 1977. Lee was arrested for loitering outside the Soviet embassy in Mexico City, and was brought back to the United States to face trial.

At his trial, part of Boyce's defence was that he was opposed to American and CIA activities overseas, particularly in Australia. Boyce told of his initial briefing at TRW, when he was informed that most of the communication received in the black vault came from Pine Gap, and that despite an agreement between the U.S. and Australian governments to share the information obtained at Pine Gap, the U.S. was not honoring the agreement. "Certain information" was being withheld from Australia.
Boyce also told that Pine Gap was being used to monitor international telephone calls and telexes to and from Australia, especially those of a political and business nature. In addition, he said he had come across cables from the Canberra bureau chief to Langley inferring that the CIA had worked to subvert Australian unions, especially in the transport industry, and had funded the Opposition parties during Whitlam's term. The CIA had been very concerned about an airport strike which would have delayed transportation of new equipment to Pine Gap. According to Boyce, the cable he saw said "don't worry about that, send the stuff, we'll take care of the strike the way we always do." (Sunday Press, 23 May, 1982). He also told reporter William Pinwill that the CIA had a deep distrust for the Whitlam government, and had a great interest in the "monetary crisis" of 1975.
The fact that communications between Pine Gap and the U.S. were handled by a private company was also news to Australia (The Sun, 27 May, 1977).
Boyce's lawyers had wanted to introduce evidence supporting Boyce's claims about CIA activity in Australia. However, the judge complied with a CIA request not to allow it, because of concerns about revealing secret government information.
Both Lee and Boyce were found guilty of selling secrets to the Soviets. Lee was immediately given a life sentence. However, Boyce was sent for 90 days of psychiatric evaluation, which indicated that he might get a light sentence, probably if he kept quiet about the allegations concerning Australia. Boyce made it clear he was "outraged" about the treatment of Australia, and was subsequently given a 40 year sentence. He is kept in solitary confinement.
In 1980, Boyce escaped from prison, and led the Federal Marshalls on an 18-month chase before he was caught again. The total sentence he now has to serve is 68 years. The circumstances surrounding his escape are very suspicious.

OTHERS SPEAK:
RICHARD STALLINGS

Despite repeated denials that Stallings was a CIA employee, Ted Shackley admitted Stallings' affiliations in his cable to ASIO on the 8th of November, 1975.
Stallings went into early retirement in 1975 after suffering an injury in a car crash.

However, during his tenure as head of Pine Gap, Stallings complained bitterly about CIA activities in Australia. According to Victor Marchetti, who knew Stallings well, Stallings was "copping a lot of static from the clandestine guys operating out of Canberra. Stallings didn't approve of the stuff at the time; he figured his information-gathering operation at Pine Gap was being put at risk by the station chief's men, who were interfering in Australia's political parties and labor unions." (Mother Jones, p. 20)

JAMES JESUS ANGLETON
In June 1977, during the furore caused by the Boyce trial, Angleton was interviewed on ABC radio's Broadband program, after complaints from ABC's top brass that the ABC had run too many programs slamming the CIA. For "balance", they asked Angleton to come on and give the Agency's point-of-view. Angleton had "retired" in 1974, but had devoted several years to attempting to restore the CIA's battered image. Angleton discussed many aspects of the "security crisis" which was the Whitlam government (in his opinion), including Murphy's raid on ASIO, Pine Gap, and whether the CIA funded political parties in Australia. When asked "If there was any funding by the CIA in Australian politics or unions, would it have had to come through your office in the time that you were there?" Angleton answered somewhat cryptically, "I will put it this way very bluntly - no one in the agency would ever believe that I would subscribe to any activity that was not co-ordinated with the chief of the Australian internal security." (Freney, The CIA's Australian Connection, p. 29) . He did not deny CIA funding, nor would he clarify his statement. He simply inferred that if the CIA were involved in Australian politics and unions, ASIO would know about it.

VICTOR MARCHETTI
In an interview with the Sydney Sun, the former CIA agent related what Richard Stallings had told him. He said that Stallings had told him that the CIA station chief in Canberra had channeled money directly to the conservative political parties (Liberals and the National Country Party). Marchetti said that money was used to undermine the Labor Party, since at least 1967. He also said that there were about six to eight "upfront" CIA agents in Canberra, and up to 30 clandestine operatives throughout Australia.

ANONYMOUS SOURCE
Robert Lindsay, who wrote two books about the Boyce trial, interviewed a CIA agent who wished to remain anonymous. The agent confirmed Boyce's allegations, but said that the CIA involvement in Australia was more complicated than Boyce realised. The agent said that CIA money was given to the Coalition and would probably have been sent through ASIO (Flight of the Falcon).

WHITLAM'S EVIDENCE
When the authors contacted former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, he politely declined to answer questions regarding CIA involvement in Australian politics. He did however, suggest that we read what he had said and written in the past.
While Whitlam was not able on November 11, 1975, to give his evidence to Parliament regarding the CIA and Richard Stallings, he did raise the matter in Parliament on May 4, 1977, because of the allegations of CIA activity brought up by the Boyce trial and by Victor Marchetti, a former CIA employee. Whitlam began by saying, "There is increasing and profoundly disturbing evidence that foreign espionage and intelligence activities are being practiced in Australia on a wide scale."

He went to speak about the Boyce trial, and said that he had suggested to Prime Minister Fraser that he bring the matter to the attention to Justice Hope (who was still conducting the Hope Royal Commission into intelligence organisations in Australia).
Whitlam then spoke about the cable sent to ASIO headquarters by Ted Shackley. He commented that "In plain terms, the cable revealed that the CIA had deceived the Australian Government and was still seeking to continue its deception. It confirmed that Mr. Stallings had been employed by the CIA. The cable made it clear that the CIA was making what was described, in the jargon of the trade, as an 'official demarche on a service to service link' - in other words, without informing the elected Government of Australia. Implicit in the CIA's approach to ASIO for information on events in Australia was an understanding that the Australian organisation had obligations of loyalty to the CIA itself before its obligations to the Australian Government. The tone and content of the CIA message were offensive; its implications were sinister. Here was a foreign intelligence service telling Australia's domestic security service to keep information from the Australian Government."

Whitlam also read out the statement he had prepared in response to Doug Anthony's question on notice for 11 November, 1975: "I did not disclose that Mr. Stallings was a CIA agent. The Right Honorable gentleman [Anthony] did that. I was informed that Mr. Stallings worked for the CIA, not by the head of the Australian Foreign Affairs Department, or the United States State Department, but by the head of another of our Departments which in turn was informed by a Department in the United States other than the State Department."

Whitlam then said, "The coup on 11 November prevented that answer being given." (Hansard, May 4, 1977)
Whitlam also briefly discusses (for less than two pages) CIA involvement in the "security crisis" in his book, The Whitlam Government, 1972-1975. He comments that the newspaper stories disclosing the identity of Stallings and other CIA agents "greatly agitated" both Australian and U.S. security services. "The CIA sent a cable to ASIO which must have been founded on the assumption that ASIO would put its links with the CIA ahead of its obligations to the Australian Government." He went on to say, "The episode lent colour to allegations that the CIA had been eavesdropping on me and my Ministers and had influenced the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr, to sack us."

However, Whitlam seems unwilling to say more than that. As he said in Parliament in 1977, "The difficulty which any head of government faces in responding to these matters - or any former head of government...is that he is bound by obligations of secrecy in the national interest. He cannot disclose what he knows. I readily acknowledge my own obligation." (Hansard, 4 May, 1977, p. 1522). He will not reveal the confidences given to him by, or information about, the American installations in Australia.
While Whitlam seems to accept that at the very least Australia should investigate whether the CIA has interfered with Australian politics, he is not so sure of Sir John Kerr's role in relation to the security crisis.
In The Whitlam Government, he says, "It is a fact that any country with the technical resources of the U.S. can eavesdrop on anyone in the world if it feels the effort worthwhile....It is not a fact, however, that Kerr, fascinated as he had long been with intelligence matters, needed any encouragement from the CIA." (pp. 51-52)

"OUR MAN KERR"
Among Christopher Boyce's allegations is that the CIA chief at TRW had referred to Australia's Governor-General as "Our man Kerr."

One of the most contentious questions about the dismissal was whether Kerr acted on his own in dismissing Whitlam, or whether he was working to further someone else's goals. The question has come up in relation to the Liberal-National Party Coalition, and to the CIA and the intelligence community.
Kerr consulted with High Court Chief Justice Sir Garfield Barwick before making the decision about the Senate deadlock. Garfield was a former Liberal minister. Perhaps more serious than that are the allegations that Kerr was informed of the CIA and the intelligence community's concerns about Whitlam.
Kerr had a long association with the intelligence community, particularly military intelligence. During World War Two, he worked for the Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs, part of military intelligence. Whilst in Washington, he was seconded to the Office of Strategic Services (the OSS, precursor to the CIA). Kerr continued to work in intelligence after the war in the School of Civil Affairs (later renamed the School of Pacific Administration).

Later he became involved with the Association for Cultural Freedom, which is said to be closely affiliated with the activities of the CIA and U.S. State Department. He was also the founding president of the Law Association for Asia and the Western Pacific (LawAsia). Kerr went to the U.S. to obtain funds for LawAsia from the Asia Foundation. The Asia Foundation was discovered in 1967 to be backed by the CIA. According to CIA man Victor Marchetti, the Asia Foundation "often served as a cover for clandestine operations [and] its main purpose was to promote the spread of ideas which were anti-communist and pro-American." (CIA and the Cult of Intelligence, p. 178-79) Despite this (or because of it?), Kerr again went to the Asia Foundation to obtain funds for LawAsia.
It is not known if Whitlam was aware of Kerr's association with the intelligence community when he appointed him Governor-General. As Governor-General, Kerr was said to take an unusual interest in foreign policy and intelligence matters.
So much so that, according to Brian Toohey, on November 8, the day that ASIO received Ted Shackley's cable calling Whitlam a security threat, "a senior Australian defence official" was sent to brief Kerr "about allegations from the CIA that the then Prime Minister, Mr. Whitlam, was jeopardizing the security bases in Australia." (Financial Review, April 1977). The official is believed to be Dr. John Law Farrands, chief scientist at the Defence Department. He was probably sent by Tange. Farrands, Tange, Kerr all denied that Kerr was briefed about the CIA's concerns. Whether Kerr was influenced by the CIA's concerns is not known. But his timing of the dismissal is curious.

PLAUSIBLE DENIABILITY
As can be expected, there is no "smoking gun" which links the CIA to the demise of the Whitlam government. There is no substantial evidence that there was a carefully orchestrated plot against Whitlam. Nevertheless, there is a large body of evidence pointing to the CIA. As the Governor of Victoria, and a former judge, Richard McGarvie says, "sometimes the most reliable evidence is circumstantial evidence."
Subtle means were used to bring down the Labor government. All that was necessary was for the CIA to find like-minded people, and whisper in their ears information which could be used to discredit and destabilise their mutual enemy.

The evidence pointing to the CIA's dirty dealings includes:
Why did Sir John Kerr sack Whitlam on the same day that Whitlam was to provide proof to Parliament that the former head of Pine Gap was a CIA agent, thus proving that the U.S. had been misleading Australia about the bases?
Whitlam was dismissed just weeks before the crucial Pine Gap contract was to be reviewed.
The CIA knew, and informed the U.S. President, that documents used to discredit Jim Cairns were probably forgeries. How did they know? Did they provide them?
Questionable loans brokers with links to Commerce International, itself heavily linked to the CIA.
A draft cable, allegedly from the CIA, admitting that Khemlani was in Australia to cause chaos.
The Christopher Boyce allegations.
The words of several CIA employees.
The deep concern expressed by Ted Shackley's cable that Whitlam would reveal all about Pine Gap and the CIA in Australia.

All solid evidence of CIA involvement - albeit circumstantial.
The only piece of the puzzle missing is a solitary fact, even small, that points the finger at the CIA knowing and participating not only after the event, but before and during.


COUP DE GRACE
The CIA and the U.S. government have repeatedly denied CIA activity in Australia.
In July 1977, President Carter sent Assistant Secretary of State for Asia and the South Pacific, Warren Christopher, out of his way to meet Gough Whitlam at Sydney airport.
Christopher delivered the following message from Carter: "The U.S. State Department will never again interfere in the domestic political process of Australia." (The Whitlam Government, p. 53 - emphasis added).

Never again...
The Pine Gap treaty still stands.
The Reserve Powers of the Governor-General to dismiss a democratically elected Government have not been revoked.
The CIA continues operations in Australia.


The events of November 1975 can be repeated.

POSTSCRIPT
On December 26, 1995 The Australian newspaper ran a front page story, using newly unclassified documents dated July 1, 1974, dealing with President Nixon ordering a full review of the relationship with the Australian Whitlam Government in the "political-security area".
Nixon, through Henry Kissinger, set out six areas to be investigated, all dealing with the supposed security threat to the U.S. military bases from the Whitlam government.
Of most importance is that one of the six areas in this now-released memo has been blacked out for security reasons.
This document is of vital importance to understanding that the Whitlam government was indeed seen as a threat by those in power in Washington. The memo was addressed to the acting Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, the Director of the CIA and also sent to the Joint Chiefs of Staff!
The censored area, taking up four lines of text, now seems to be the "smoking gun" in the case. After twenty years the American Government still deems these few lines of so vital importance that they are withheld from us completely. What the censored order says is open to conjecture. Could it be an order to contact friends or agents within the government or opposition parties? Could it be an order to destabilize the Whitlam Government?
Or could it be an order to re-activate Sir John Kerr as an agent for the CIA?
We will not know until the document is unclassified completely.
We have the key in the lock, one more twist and the door will be wide open.
Steve Gerlach is a Melbourne based researcher. He founded the Australian JFK Assassination Information Centre in 1992, and was its director from 1992 to 1995 and editor of the Centre's magazine "Probable Cause". He now works independently and is employed as a researcher by a major Melbourne newspaper.
Adelaide Gerlach has spent eight years in Peru and eight years in the USA. She has a BA (Hons.) in Politics and is employed as a researcher in the Australian trustee industry.

Len Buckeridge with Australia's Prime Minister Tony Abbott and Western Australian Premier Colin Barnett are happy and in fact proud to be publicly photographed, seen and placed in the Australian newspaper with Len Buckeridge

​29 October 2018
The Facebook Dilemma examines the powerful social media platform’s impact on privacy and democracy in the US and around the world.​

New Documents Show That Facebook Has Never Deserved Your Trust - DEEPLINKS BLOG

​stream part 1

https://www.facebook.com/frontline/videos/the-facebook-dilemma-part-1/1954966247949790/

stream part 2

https://www.facebook.com/frontline/videos/the-facebook-dilemma-part-2/430492497484549/


BY BENNETT CYPHERS AND GENNIE GEBHART
DECEMBER 6, 2018

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/new-documents-show-facebook​​

Claremont killer trial LIVE: Bradley Edwards' rape victim recounts how she 'thought she was going to die'
https://www.smh.com.au/national/western-australia/claremont-killer-trial-live-bradley-edwards-faces-third-week-of-witness-evidence-20191209-p53i36.html
By Heather McNeill and Hannah Barry
December 9, 2019
8.50pm on Dec 9, 2019
Judge releases photos of cord used in rape, and victim's drag marks through cemetery
The cord Bradley Edwards used to tie up his rape victim in 1995.
The drag marks left in the sand after Bradley Edwards dragged his 17-year-old victim into Karrakatta cemetery to rape her.
7.16pm on Dec 9, 2019
Catch up on witnesses from first two weeks of trial here
To catch up on the evidence of witnesses heard in the first two weeks of the trial, see our interactive witness map below (best viewed on Chrome desktop). 
7.13pm on Dec 9, 2019
Proceedings have wrapped up for today
Justice Stephen Hall
Court has finished for the day.
Justice Hall is now considering media requests for exhibits to be released. 
He's agreed for aerial photos of Karrakatta cemetery to be released, as well as a photograph of the cord used to restrain the rape victim. 
He's agreed to release a drag mark photo from the Karrakatta cemetery crime scene, but has declined to release photographs of the victim's clothing as it would be "unnecessarily likely to upset the victim". 
The exhibits will be posted to this blog once released. 

Mr Edwards has been returned to custody. 
He has leaned over and thrown his notepad onto the desk of one of his lawyers as he walked out of the dock.
Court will resume at 10am tomorrow with a new witness. 


6.59pm on Dec 9, 2019
Sex assault squad police officer called to stand
The last witness for the day is WA Police acting inspector, Paul Lydiate.
He has thinning white hair and is dressed in his police uniform.
He was a detective senior constable with the sex assault squad in 1995 when he was assigned to the Karrakatta rape offence. 
During his time on the case, he organised for a sketch to be drawn of a Telstra van based on Mr Wookey's recollection at the time. 
Mr Yovich has objected to the sketch being relevant as it's based on Mr Wookey's description, which we heard first hand in evidence earlier today. 
Justice Stephen Hall has agreed. 
The witness has been excused. 
6.16pm on Dec 9, 2019
Forensic officer being scrutinised over missing crime scene photos
Mr Yovich is now cross-examining Sen. Const. Bickhoff. 
She is agreeing she took time with her paper work and that it was important to record everything done at the time, as it may be required as evidence years later in court.  
Mr Yovich: When an exhibit is found, it should be photographed where it is found, correct, and where it is collected?
Sen. Const. Bickhoff: Yes
Mr Yovich is saying there are no photographs in the brief of photographs in situ. 
She's also agreeing it's her job to record the photographs she took. 
He's asked if she would have labelled the photographs, she said she wasn't in a position to do that as she did not develop the photographs. 
"I placed the rolls for processing and then when the negatives are returned I label the envelope," she said. 
She's confirmed she has never seen that envelope. 

Mr Yovich has now asked for the photo job report to be shown in court. 
Sen. Const. Bickhoff said she filled the report in on a day soon after the incident. 
"That form there is filled out when you process the negative," she said. 
"It's really a very brief form. 
The job description is "photo scenes", she is saying the exhibits are part of the scene. 
Under the photograph section of the report, she has left it blank, saying "the reason for that is because you would have a number of rolls ... you wouldn't have that information at that time".

Mr Yovich has asked if, based on that report, it cannot be confirmed how many photos she took, which she has agreed. 
Mr Yovich has now moved on to Sen. Const. Bickhoff's witness statement from June 1995, and is questioning whether it explains everything she did on that job.
Sen. Const. Bickhoff: This would just indicate where I went to take photographs, it's not in detail.
Mr Yovich: So it is not complete?
Sen. Const. Bickhoff: This is an accepted practice that we would outline where the photos were taken. Completeness is when you have the photographs to go with that statements. 
Mr Yovich is arguing that it's not clear based on the written statement or report form that Sen. Const. Bickhoff filled out, that she took photos of any of the exhibits in situ at the time. 

She said she has never seen the photographs developed, but maintained she took them. 
The only photographs in the police case file are generic crime scene images of the cemetery and some drag marks. 
Having photographs of the exhibits in situ assists to confirm the integrity of the exhibit was maintained during its collection for examination.
In mid-June 1996, in the days after Jane Rimmer disappeared, someone contacted Sen. Const. Bickhoff and left a message regarding photos. A police entry in relation to that phone call said she returned the call and said she had no information. 
It's not clear what job the photos related to, and Sen Const. Bickhoff could not remember what it was in relation to.  
The prosecutor is now re-examining the witness. 
Sen. Const. Bickhoff said in the 1990s, photographs would only be printed off the negative if they were required for court. 
She is further explaining the report she filled out was "purely to give a brief description" so the film could be assigned a number and the negatives returned to Sen. Const. Bickhoff. 

5.19pm on Dec 9, 2019
Forensic officer from Karrakatta rape scene called
The next witness is Senior Constable Dianne Bickhoff, who is giving evidence via video link from Queensland. 
She was one of the forensic officers who attended the Karrakatta rape crime scene on February 12, 1995. 
"In 1995, I was a specialist in photography and I went out to major crime jobs. I would take photographs but I was also trained in collecting exhibits as well," she said. 
"One this occasion I attended with a forensic officer who specialised in fingerprints and his name was Adam McCulloch ... we were on call that time.
"We received the call around 7 o'clock on that date. 
"The scene were were asked to attend was Karrakatta cemetery. 
"I recall speaking to Det. Sen Serg. Emmett and the victim.
"The victim was dressed in a hospital gown, she seemed quite distressed, she looked like she had been through something."
Sen. Const. Bickhoff said she was tasked with taking photos of the crime scene and Mr McCulloch was tasked with collecting the exhibits. 
"I photographed exhibits in situ ... I took photographs of the drag marks near the sand in the tombstones," she said. 

She said Mr McCulloch collected a pair of black shoes, a "skirt or shorts" and a pair of underpants from the scene, as well as a soil sample. 
The drag marks left in the sand after Bradley Edwards dragged his 17-year-old victim into Karrakatta cemetery to rape her.
She said all were logged and placed in exhibit bags and given a case number. 

The exhibit numbers would be AJM1 onwards, she said. 
Sen. Const. Bickhoff is now being shown her photographs from the crime scene.
Of the drag marks, she said they were consistent with a body being dragged. 
She is now saying some of her photographs that she recalls taking, including of the items in situ, didn't appear to be in the brief years later when she was shown it again.  
She also recalls other exhibits from the hospital, including a jacket, hospital gown, hospital pants and a white cord, were seized and recorded by Mr McCulloch. 
They were handed over to Mr McCulloch from Det. Sen Serg. Emmett at 8.45am the morning of the rape, according to the crime scene report.
The Karrakatta crime scene exhibits - including the shorts which are of forensic relevance to the state's case - were seized from the area they were found in at 8.05am. 
All the items seized were logged using Mr McCulloch's initials - AJM - followed by a number, starting from '1'. These are the same initials used to number the fingernail exhibits taken from the body of Ciara Glennon in 1997. 
Sen. Const. Bickhoff said the exhibits were taken to the forensic branch laboratory for future examination. 
The letter police wrote to the state health laboratory requesting analysis stated Mr McCulloch was the only person to collect and handle the exhibits. 
4.12pm on Dec 9, 2019
Court is breaking for lunch
Court has broken for lunch and will resume at 2.15pm with a new witness. 
3.39pm on Dec 9, 2019
Prosecutors call police officer who attended teen rape
The next witness is Mark Emmett.
The Detective Senior Sergeant is bald and is wearing glasses and a grey suit, white collared shirt and tie with an ID tag around his neck. 
He said he was called to Hollywood Hospital on February 12, 1995 to meet Mr Edwards' rape victim. 
He was a first class constable detective at the time.

Det. Sen Serg. Emmett said he drove the victim around areas in Claremont that morning after the rape, and that he recalled she was wrapped in a blanket. 
He said he was driving a blue Commodore sedan and drove from the hospital in an anti-clockwise direction around the streets of Claremont to try to identify the crime scene, which they did around

7.15am. 
"We ended up in the north-eastern area of the Karrakatta cemetery," he said. 
"I had a look in the area and once there I decided to call the forensic people."
He's recalling finding three items of women's clothing in the area - the victim's skorts, underwear and "maybe a top". 
Another officer arrived to take photographs of the clothing "in-situ" around 7.30am, with Det. Sen Serg. Emmitt and the victim leaving the area to return to the hospital at 7.40am, according to his running notes from the day. 
He said he then collected some of the victim's other clothing and a telephone cable from the hospital and placed them into paper bags and handed them to a forensic police officer, first class constable McCulloch. 
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett then took the victim out on a second occasion that morning to ascertain where she was grabbed from. 
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett is now being allowed to refer fully to his running sheet from the day to assist in areas where he doesn't have an independent recollection. 
It says the first time he saw Const. McCulloch was at 8.30am when he handed over some exhibits at the Karrakatta cemetery.
Ms Barbagallo is now asking whose role it was to keep a record of the items being seized, he has responded it was the forensic officer's job. 
Mr Yovich is now cross-examining Det. Sen Serg. Emmett, reminding him of the time that has passed since the incident. 
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett has agreed his memory of the incident was patchy. 
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett is also agreeing it's rare for him to have to testify at a trial as a first responder for an incident that occurred so long ago. 
He confirmed in those times he often wouldn't write a witness statement unless someone was charged and they pleaded not guilty. 

He has also accepted his running sheet of the day showed times all ending in a zero or five.
Mr Yovich: You'd describe yourself as a generally accurate detective?
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett: I'd like to think so.
Mr Yovich: But not perfect?
Det. Sen Serg. Emmett: Nobody's perfect. 

3.15pm on Dec 9, 2019
Security officer working at Karrakatta cemetery 'didn't see anything' night of rape
The next witness is Noel Tsalis, a former security guard.
The 56-year-old is bald with a greying beard and is wearing a grey jumper. 
He said he worked the morning the teenager was raped at Karrakatta cemetery. 
He said he attended the cemetery three times during his 6pm to 6am shift while in his patrol vehicle. 
"A perimeter patrol, an internal patrol and we also had three points we had to hit," he said. 
"I used to work my way throughout the cemetery."
Mr Tsalis has said there was "not a great deal" of lighting in the cemetery and he used the spotlight attached to his car, and his car's headlights to see around. 
"I'd do the exterior patrol first, then come round and do the internal drive around, then hit the [data] wand points and leave through the front gate," he said. 
On the night Mr Edwards raped a teenage girl at the cemetery, Mr Wookey registered his data wand at the following data points at the following times. 

He said he did notobserve anything unusual during his shift that night. 
Mr Edwards took the teen to the cemetery, by her time recollection, between 3am or 3.30am - and she had left the area by 5.20am when she rang for help from a Good Samaritans building. 
The witness has been excused. 

3.11pm on Dec 9, 2019
Security guard's movements at Karrakatta cemetery reviewed
The next witness statement will be read in by Ms Barbagallo. 
It is that of Jennifer Grace, 50, who worked as a dispatch officer, and sometimes a security guard in the mid-1990s. 
Her statement includes information about how security guards used portable 'data wands' to communicate where they travelled while on patrol. 
A client report was usually generated at the end of the month and sent to clients to show security guard activity and the areas patrolled in a time-stamped format. 
She has reviewed a security guard client report for Karrakatta Cemetery from February 1995 which showed three datapoint locations at the cemetery. 
"To her knowledge the date and times in the report are accurate," she said. 
The report showed there were no patrols of the cemetery between 1.43am and 4.59am on the morning of February 12, 1995 when the teenager was raped. 

 

An image tendered as evidence and obtained on Friday, December 6, 2019, of a silk kimono Claremont serial killings accused Bradley Robert Edwards left behind at a Huntingdale house in 1988 after attacking an 18-year-old woman as she slept. Prosecutors say his DNA was on the kimono, a 17-year-old girl he admits abducting and twice raping in a cemetery, and under murder victim Ciara Glennon's fingernails. (AAP)

Ciara Glennon's body was found fully clothed but with several injuries. (Fairfax Media)

Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan, Former Western Australian Police Commissioner  from 21 June 2004 till 15 August 2017 

CIA Black Operative Banker Michael Hand caught after 35 years#
Stash Prada
Michael Jon Hand (born December 8, 1941, New York) is a US ex-Green Beret known for co-founding the Nugan Hand Bank Nugan Hand Bank was an Australian merchant bank that collapsed in 1980 after the suicide of one of its founders, Australian lawyerFrancis John Nugan, resulting in a major scandal. News stories suggested that the bank had been involved in illegal activities, including drug smuggling, arranging weapons deals, and providing a front for the United States Central Intelligence Agency. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/artic... http://www.smh.com.au/business/bankin... http://www.constantinereport.com/cia-... https://forum.teksyndicate.com/t/mich...
Category : People & Blogs

Lawyer Ciara Glennon's body was discovered in bushland weeks after she disappeared. (Supplied)

The Nugan Hand Bank
Michael Hand
Frank Nugan
Admiral Earl P. Yates
USA President George Bush
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Brigadier General Erle Cocke, former head of Nugan Hand’s Washington branch
 The Nugan Hans Bank's co-founder, former U.S Green Beret Michael Jon "Mike" Hand
The Merchants of Venice
The Secret Team - The Australian Drug Connection
The Crimes of Patriots- A True Tale of Dope Dirty Laundering and the CIA
 by Jonathan Kwitny

In December 2011, Michael Hand’s military colleague and Nugan Hand ‘fixer’, Douglas Sapper, confirmed that Nugan Hand Bank had been a conduit for CIA money
Stash Prada
Published on May 27, 2016
Nugan Hand Bank was an Australian merchant bank that collapsed in 1980 after the suicide of one of its founders, Australian lawyer Francis John "Frank" Nugan, resulting in a major scandal. News stories suggested that the bank had been involved in illegal activities, including drug smuggling, arranging weapons deals, and providing a front for the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Speculation grew when it became known that the bank had employed a number of retired United States military and intelligence officers, including former CIA director William Colby.
Investors' losses and the speculation surrounding the bank's activities led to three major government investigations over the next five years. The bank's co-founder, former U.S Green Beret Michael Jon "Mike" Hand, and two other bank employees were indicted for conspiring to "pervert the course of justice" by destroying or removing bank records. Hand fled abroad in June 1980. In 1985 a royal commission of inquiry found that while the bank had committed numerous violations of banking laws, the allegations of drug-smuggling, arms dealing, and involvement in CIA activities were not substantiated.[1][2] In 2000, Brigadier General Erle Cocke, former head of Nugan Hand’s Washington branch, gave a court deposition admitting that he carried out long-term, clandestine banking activities for numerous agencies including the CIA and FBI.[3] In December 2011, Michael Hand’s military colleague and Nugan Hand ‘fixer’, Douglas Sapper, confirmed that Nugan Hand Bank had been a conduit for CIA money
In June 1973, Frank Nugan and Mike Hand met up with prominent Australian businessman and racehorse owner John Needham to discuss setting up a company that could act as a merchant bank. On 6 July 1973, the trio incorporated Nugan Hand Needham and took expensive offices at 55 Macquarie Street, in the heart of the Sydney CBD. The first year of operation was so disorganized that Needham asked to be released from the partnership. Following Needham's departure, the firm was renamed Nugan Hand Ltd.[5]
According to writer Alfred W. McCoy, the bank was formed with a fraudulent claim of $1m in share capital: "With only $80 in the company's bank account and just $5 in paid-up capital, Frank Nugan wrote his own company a personal check for $980,000 to purchase 490,000 shares of its stock. He then covered his massive overdraft by writing himself a company check for the same amount."[6] Kings Cross restaurateur Bernie Houghton was also involved in the bank from the beginning.[7]
The Nugan Hand Bank attracted investors with promises of up to 16% interest rates on their deposits and assurances of anonymity, tax-free accounts, specialist investment assistance, along with more surreptitious services such as money laundering.

Category People & Blogs

PHOTO A retired inspector told the court Ms Rimmer's body could be seen from the road.- SUPPLIED: SUPREME COURT OF WA

Nugan Hand.flv
Cali Paranormal
This report covers the scandal of one CIA shell company which became the subject of an international scandal for money laundering, drug dealing and arms trafficking. Nugan-Hand Bank registered in Australia but operating out of the Bahamas, was set up by an ex-CIA agent who worked in Project Pheonix during the Vietnam war in the area of Laos, better known as the Golden Triangle for the massive amounts of Heroin exported world wide primarily by Air America, a privately owned CIA front company which operated world wide. After Vietnam he continued to work for the CIA and set up the Nugan-Hand bank with his Australian counterpart. The directors while secretive were later found to be several Americans whose addresses were all registered to the CIA's Air America Corp located in the USA. It became notorious in the early 80's for laundering drug money via its branches in the Bahamas, and ultimately failed due to illegal banking practices, losing millions of dollars belonging to legitimate investors. The founders of the bank Frank Nugan and Micheal Hand both disappeared under strange circumstances. While Frank Nugan the Australian was later found dead in his Mercedes with a gunshot wound to the head, Michael Hand has never been located and is thought to be dead.

Category: News & Politics

The Claremont victims: Jane Rimmer, 23, Ciara Glennon, 27, and Sarah Spiers, 18. (AAP)

Claremont serial killings trial gives rare glimpses into the lives of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon
By Andrea Mayes
11th January 2020

Click here to watch videos relating to this article of the lives of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-12/rare-glimpses-into-lives-of-jane-rimmer-and-ciara-glennon/11859036


PHOTO: Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland south of Perth after going missing from Claremont. (Supplied)
PHOTO: Jane Rimmer was reported missing after she failed to turn up for a family lunch. (Supplied)
PHOTO: Jane Rimmer's apartment in Wembley was examined by police after she went missing. (ABC News: Andrea Mayes)
PHOTO: Ms Rimmer's apartment was furnished in typical 1990s style. (ABC News: Andrea Mayes)
PHOTO: Ciara Glennon, 27, had only just returned to Perth after a year of travel when she vanished. (Fairfax Media)
PHOTO: Denis Glennon, Ciara Glennon's father, pictured with his daughter Denise, has attended nearly every day of the murder trial. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)


There was a sharp poignancy to the sight of the blue plush teddy bear sitting on top of the pillows of the neatly-made double bed.
The Marilyn Monroe and Elvis pictures on the unpainted brick walls of the modest one-bedroom flat in Cambridge Street, in the western Perth suburb of Wembley.
The ironing board set up in the living area. The pink ladies' shaver sitting on the corner of the tiled shower edge.
The photographs shown in the WA Supreme Court this week of Jane Rimmer's apartment gave a rare and intimate insight into the life of the young childcare worker.
An insight into the life of a young woman whose name is instantly familiar to so many people who never knew her, and never will.
Her young life was abruptly cut short at the age of just 23, when she suddenly vanished from the streets of Claremont in June 1996 and was found dead two months later in bushland in Wellard, on the city's semi-rural southern outskirts.
We know Ms Rimmer from the grisly headlines, as one of the three young women suspected to have died at the hands of a serial killer.
But this week those sitting in at the trial of Bradley Edwards for the three Claremont murders got a small glimpse of Jane Rimmer as she lived the life of a vibrant young woman.

Jane Rimmer's apartment examined
Ms Rimmer's mother, Jenny, reported her missing after she failed to turn up for Sunday lunch at her parent's home in Shenton Park on June 10 — something that was completely out of character for the young childcare worker, who was very close to her family.
She had only moved into her small Wembley apartment in the months before her disappearance, but visited her parents at the family home most days on her way home from work and regularly on the weekend, when she would take advantage of their washing machine to do her laundry.
Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume.
In the days after she vanished police searched her flat, looking for clues that could help find her, and photographs taken by officers at the scene were shown to the court and described by those who were there at the time.
The neatly kept unit looked well cared for, and typical of a young woman living independently in the mid-1990s.
There were items of clothing draped over one of the two grey sofas in the lounge room, a heater in the middle of the room and an ironing board in the corner.
Ms Rimmer's bedroom contained a Queen Anne-style dressing table and an Anglepoise lamp positioned over the bed, both typical items of 1990s decor, and there was a stereo and speakers on the floor, as well as the teddy on the pillows.

An exhibit list read in the Supreme Court by former forensic officer Robert Hemelaar this week detailed other items noted by police, including an empty Emu Bitter beer can next to the kitchen bin and a number of items on the coffee table.


Nothing out of the ordinary, the general detritus of everyday life.

"
There's a cheque book, there's a Bankwest card, there's a business card for the doctor's in Cambridge Street, there's a car service invoice, there's an envelope, Telstra phone payment slip, then here's a KFC VIP sticker and doctor's receipt," Mr Hemelaar noted.
Photos of Ms Rimmer's car, a silver Mazda coupe, were also shown, parked in its bay in the unit block's car park with a faded black denim jacket draped over the headrest of the passenger seat.
Members of Ms Rimmer's family were in court and watched the video screens in silence as they were confronted with images from her apartment as she left it, looking as though she might arrive home at any minute.
Except that she would not be returning home, not then or ever.

Fibres taken from Ciara Glennon's home
Small insights were also glimpsed into the life of Ciara Glennon this week, as Mr Hemelaar related how he had attended her parents' home in riverside Mosman Park after her body was discovered at Eglinton, on Perth's northern outskirts, on April 3, 1997.

Ms Glennon had only just returned from a year of global travel, in which she visited family in Ireland and parts of Africa, and had moved back into the family home.
The free-spirited young lawyer timed the trip to ensure she was back for her sister Denise's wedding, at which she was due to be a bridesmaid.
Arriving back just a fortnight before her disappearance, Ms Glennon had resumed working for law firm Blake Dawson Waldron and had been enjoying drinks with colleagues after work at Claremont's Continental Hotel when she vanished in the early hours of March 15, 1997.
Mr Hemelaar told the court he visited Ms Glennon's home twice to collect fibre samples and the list of items examined included items related to Denise Glennon's wedding.
Fibre samples were taken from a bridesmaid's dress — the dress Ms Glennon never got to wear to her sister's wedding — as well as Denise's wedding gown and a blue dressmaking pencil used by their mother, Una.
Other items listed included commonplace, everyday items that Ms Glennon, like so many other young women, would have worn or used habitually.
Friendship bands, floral hair ties and white bath towels were among them.
Even a toy rabbit, found in a cupboard, had fibres extracted from it, and the family pet was not spared either.
A blanket found in the basket of the Glennon family's dog also had fibre samples removed by police.
A stoic Denis Glennon, Ciara's father, sat in the public gallery as the list of items personal to his daughter was displayed on court screens.
Reading the list, it was easy to imagine Ms Glennon as she was in 1997 — a 27-year-old woman with her whole life ahead of her, before that life was taken away.
Edwards's trial for the murders of Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer, as well as that of 18-year-old Sarah Spiers, will resume on Monday.
He has pleaded not guilty.

Denis Glennon, father of Ciara Glennon, arrives at court. (Getty)

What does the US Pine Gap spy base do?
ABC News (Australia)
We hear about Pine Gap but know nothing about it. Now leaked documents from the US National Security Agency have revealed for the first time intelligence from the Northern Territory base is being used on US battlefields. Read more here: http://ab.co/2wsBEXp
Category: News & Politics

Claremont serial killings trial hears police defend Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer crime scenes
By Andrea Mayes
Key points:
Bradley Edwards denies murdering three women who disappeared from Claremont
His lawyers have questioned police over how the two burial sites were handled
One former officer says the Ciara Glennon crime scene descended into "mayhem"

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-08/claremont-serial-killings-jane-rimmer-ciara-glennon-graves-shock/11848336
 
A series of police officers have described traumatic scenes at the burial sites of Claremont serial killings victims Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, as the trial of Bradley Edwards enters its 20th day.

Former Telstra technician Edwards, 51,has pleaded not guilty to the wilful murders of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon as well as 18-year-old Sarah Spiers, whose body has never been found.
All three women disappeared from the Claremont entertainment precinct in Perth's wealthy western suburbs during a 14-month period in 1996 and 1997.
Edward Besson, a former detective senior constable at Joondalup Police Station, told the WA Supreme Court he would always remember the sight of Ms Glennon's body lying in scrub off a track in Eglinton, what was then an undeveloped coastal area in Perth's north.

"That particular sight and smell. I'll never forget it, I can still visualise it now," he said.
"I was shocked by it, I haven't forgotten it in 20-odd years."
Mr Besson said the body was clothed partially in a black item of clothing that he believed may have been a mini skirt that had been pulled up.
"From where we were I could see that the person had what appeared to be long blondish hair," Mr Besson said.
"It was fair coloured, possibly blonde, possibly light brown hair."
He said he and his partner, then-detective sergeant Charles Carver, had been at pains to preserve the integrity of the site and had avoided the track that led to Ms Glennon's burial site, instead walking on salt bushes to get there.
"We were walking on the salt bush because we thought this was not right, we became very cautious about where we treading and what we were doing," Mr Besson said.
"We were aware that we had to keep the scene pristine, so that was what we did."

'No reason' to get too close
Under cross examination from defence counsel Paul Yovich SC, the former police officer maintained he did not get closer than four and a half metres from the body, even after he was shown video from the scene which was not visible to the public gallery or media.
Mr Yovich said the video showed the "head and shoulder of a deceased human being" but that it did not appear possible to ascertain this unless you were able to get very close to it, a suggestion Mr Besson denied.
"There would be no reason for me to go this close and I would have no inclination or desire to do so," he said.

The defence has been exploring whether evidence from the burial sites of the two women could have been contaminated, which could make crucial DNA and fibre evidence taken from the women's bodies — which the prosecution has linked to Edwards — therefore unreliable.
Ms Glennon's body was discovered by a man looking for cannabis plants on April 3, 1997, three weeks after she went missing following a night out with work colleagues at Claremont's Continental Hotel.

Earlier, Mr Carver told the court her body had been in a state of decomposition when he and Constable Besson came across it partly covered in vegetation.
He said he had been well aware of the disappearance of Ms Glennon and if the body turned out to be hers, he wanted to make sure that "everything that we could possibly do in relation to preserving the scene was done".
Scene descended into 'mayhem'
Police had initially thought the discovery may have been a dead kangaroo and Mr Carver said he got close enough to ascertain that it was a female human body, but no closer than about 3 to 6 metres away.
"I needed to be sure because I was about to make the biggest call of my career," he told the court.
A large number of police officers soon arrived at the scene, including from the Macro Task Force — a specialised squad established to investigate the Claremont disappearances — as well as forensic police and local detectives. Journalists had also got wind of the discovery.

Mr Carver said the scene descended into "mayhem", with journalists trying to gain access and a "whole lot of things happening".
"In my 33 years It was the most high-profile scene that I'd been to," he said.

Questions over Rimmer burial site
Police and funeral home employees also testified about the Wellard bush grave where the body of Ms Rimmer was found eight months earlier.
Retired inspector Jonathan Adams told the court he and his team had also avoided getting close to the body as he had been able to see what he needed to see from the side of the road.
Ms Rimmer's body was found in a small clearing amid dense undergrowth off Woolcoot Road in Wellard, about 45 kilometres south of Perth, on August 3, 1996.
Mr Adams agreed with Mr Yovich when the defence counsel said he would have had to have taken a couple of steps into the bushes to see the body, but he insisted, "I know that we never went anywhere near the body".
"Definitely you could see [the body] from where I was on the road," he said.
"I have had years of experience of investigations and the first rule of investigations is you don't go anywhere, to avoid contamination."
Mr Adams said he remembered "certain parts" of the day clearly.
"Once you see a body in the bush like that … I can recall that as clearly as yesterday," he said.
Funeral home employee Peta Page told the court she and a colleague had arrived on the scene to remove Ms Rimmer's body, in their role as government contractors engaged by the coronial court.
She said she suspected the body was Ms Rimmer's from the outset and was therefore "mindful and respectful of who we thought it was".

Ms Page said she and her colleague wore protective clothing, including hair nets and gloves.
The trial, before Justice Stephen Hall, continues.

Wikipedia Exposed Media - WEM www.wikipediaexposed.org

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A Tangled Web: A History of CIA Complicity in Drug International Trafficking
https://fas.org/irp/congress/1998_cr/980507-l.htm  
INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999 (House of Representatives - May 07, 1998)
Institute for Policy Studies
WORLD WAR II

The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), the CIA's parent and sister organizations, cultivate relations with the leaders of the Italian Mafia, recruiting heavily from the New York and Chicago underworlds, whose members, including Charles `Lucky' Luciano, Meyer Lansky, Joe Adonis, and Frank Costello, help the agencies keep in touch with Sicilian Mafia leaders exiled by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Domestically, the aim is to prevent sabotage on East Coast ports, while in Italy the goal is to gain intelligence on Sicily prior to the allied invasions and to suppress the burgeoning Italian Communist Party. Imprisoned in New York, Luciano earns a pardon for his wartime service and is deported to Italy, where he proceeds to build his heroin empire, first by diverting supplies from the legal market, before developing connections in Lebanon and Turkey that supply morphine base to labs in Sicily. The OSS and ONI also work closely with Chinese gangsters who control vast supplies of opium, morphine and heroin, helping to establish the third pillar of the post-world War II heroin trade in the Golden Triangle, the border region of Thailand, Burma, Laos and China's Yunnan Province.
1947
In its first year of existence, the CIA continues U.S. intelligence community's anti-communist drive. Agency operatives help the Mafia seize total power in Sicily and it sends money to heroin-smuggling Corsican mobsters in Marseille to assist in their battle with Communist unions for control of the city's docks. By 1951, Luciano and the Corsicans have pooled their resources, giving rise to the notorious `French Connection' which would dominate the world heroin trade until the early 1970s. The CIA also recruits members of organized crime gangs in Japan to help ensure that the country stays in the non-communist world. Several years later, the Japanese Yakuza emerges as a major source of methamphetamine in Hawaii.
1949
Chinese Communist revolution causes collapse of drug empire allied with U.S. intelligence community, but a new one quickly emerges under the command of Nationalist (KMT) General Li Mi, who flees Yunnan into eastern Burma. Seeking to rekindle anticommunist resistance in China, the CIA provides arms, ammunition and other supplies to the KMT. After being repelled from China with heavy losses, the KMT settles down with local population and organizes and expands the opium trade from Burma and Northern Thailand. By 1972, the KMT controls 80 percent of the Golden Triangle's opium trade.
1950
The CIA launches Project Bluebird to determine whether certain drugs might improve its interrogation methods. This eventually leads CIA head Allen Dulles, in April 1953, to institute a program for `covert use of biological and chemical materials' as part of the agency's continuing efforts to control behavior. With benign names such as Project Artichoke and Project Chatter, these projects continue through the 1960s, with hundreds of unwitting test subjects given various drugs, including LSD.
1960
In support of the U.S. war in Vietnam, the CIA renews old and cultivates new relations with Laotian, Burmese and Thai drug merchants, as well as corrupt military and political leaders in Southeast Asia. Despite the dramatic rise of heroin production, the agency's relations with these figures attracts little attention until the early 1970s.
1967
Manuel Antonio Noriega goes on the CIA payroll. First recruited by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency in 1959, Noriega becomes an invaluable asset for the CIA when he takes charge of Panama's intelligence service after the 1968 military coup, providing services for U.S. covert operations and facilitating the use of Panama as the center of U.S. intelligence gathering in Latin America. In 1976, CIA Director George Bush pays Noriega $110,000 for his services, even though as early as 1971 U.S. officials agents had evidence that he was deeply involved in drug trafficking. Although the Carter administration suspends payments to Noriega, he returns to the U.S. payroll when President Reagan takes office in 1981. The general is rewarded handsomely for his services in support of Contras forces in Nicaragua during the 1980s, collecting $200,000 from the CIA in 1986 alone.
MAY 1970
A Christian Science Monitor correspondent reports that the CIA `is cognizant of, if not party to, the extensive movement of opium out of Laos,' quoting one charter pilot who claims that `opium shipments get special CIA clearance and monitoring on their flights southward out of the country.' At the time, some 30,000 U.S. service men in Vietnam are addicted to heroin.
1972
The full story of how Cold War politics and U.S. covert operations fueled a heroin boom in the Golden Triangle breaks when Yale University doctoral student Alfred McCoy publishes his ground-breaking study, The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia. The CIA attempts to quash the book.
1973
Thai national Puttapron Khramkhruan is arrested in connection with the seizure of 59 pounds of opium in Chicago. A CIA informant on narcotics trafficking in northern Thailand, he claims that agency had full knowledge
of his actions. According to the U.S. Justice Department, the CIA quashed the case because it may `prove embarrassing because of Mr. Khramkhruans's involvement with CIA activities in Thailand, Burma, and elsewhere.'
JUNE 1975
Mexican police, assisted by U.S. drug agents, arrest Alberto Sicilia Falcon, whose Tijuana-based operation was reportedly generating $3.6 million a week from the sale of cocaine and marijuana in the United States. The Cuban exile claims he was a CIA protege, trained as part of the agency's anti-Castro efforts, and in exchange for his help in moving weapons to certain groups in Central America, the CIA facilitated his movement of drugs. In 1974, Sicilia's top aide, Jose Egozi, a CIA-trained intelligence officer and Bay of Pigs veteran, reportedly lined up agency support for a right-wing plot to overthrow the Portuguese government. Among the top Mexican politicians, law enforcement and intelligence officials from whom Sicilia enjoyed support was Miguel Nazar Haro, head of the Direccion Federal de Seguridad (DFS), who the CIA admits was its `most important source in Mexico and Central America.' When Nazar was linked to a multi-million-dollar stolen car ring several years later, the CIA intervenes to prevent his indictment in the United States.
APRIL 1978
Soviet-backed coup in Afghanistan sets stage for explosive growth in Southwest Asian heroin trade. New Marxist regime undertakes vigorous anti-narcotics campaign aimed at suppressing poppy production, triggering a revolt by semi-autonomous tribal groups that traditionally raised opium for export. The CIA-supported rebel Mujahedeen begins expanding production to finance their insurgency. Between 1982 and 1989, during which time the CIA ships billions of dollars in weapons and other aid to guerrilla forces, annual opium production in Afghanistan increases to about 800 tons from 250 tons. By 1986, the State Department admits that Afghanistan is `probably the world's largest producer of opium for export' and `the poppy source for a majority of the Southwest Asian heroin found in the United States.' U.S. officials, however, fail to take action to curb production. Their silence not only serves to maintain public support for the Mujahedeen, it also smooths relations with Pakistan, whose leaders, deeply implicated in the heroin trade, help channel CIA support to the Afghan rebels.
[Page: H2956]
JUNE 198
Despite advance knowledge, the CIA fails to halt members of the Bolivian militaries, aide by the Argentine counterparts, from staging the so-called `Cocaine Coup,' according to former DEA agent Michael Levine. In fact, the 25-year DEA veteran maintains the agency actively abetted cocaine trafficking in Bolivia, where government official who sought to combat traffickers faced `torture and death at the hands of CIA-sponsored paramilitary terrorists under the command of fugitive Nazi war criminal (also protected by the CIA) Klaus Barbie.

FEBRUARY 1985

DEA agent Enrique `Kiki' Camerena is kidnapped and murder in Mexico. DEA, FBI and U.S. Customs Service investigators accuse the CIA of stonewalling during their investigation. U.S. authorities claim the CIA is more interested in protecting its assets, including top drug trafficker and kidnapping principal Miguel Angel Felix Gallardo. (In 1982, the DEA learned that Felix Gallardo was moving $20 million a month through a single Bank of America account, but it could not get the CIA to cooperate with its investigation.) Felix Gallardo's main partner is Honduran drug lord Juan Ramon Matta Ballesteros, who began amassing his $2-billion fortune as a cocaine supplier to Alberto Sicilia Falcon. (see June 1985) Matta's air transport firm, SETCO, receives $186,000 from the U.S. State Department to fly `humanitarian supplies' to the Nicaraguan Contras from 1983 to 1985. Accusations that the CIA protected some of Mexico's leading drug traffickers in exchange for their financial support of the Contras are leveled by government witnesses at the trials of Camarena's accused killers.
JANUARY 1988
Deciding that he has outlived his usefulness to the Contra cause, the Reagan Administration approves an indictment of Noriega on drug charges. By this time, U.S. Senate investigators had found that `the United States had received substantial information about criminal involvement of top Panamanian officials for nearly twenty years and done little to respond.'
APRIL 1989
The Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Communications, headed by Sen. John Kerry of Massachusetts, issues its 1,166-page report on drug corruption in Central America and the Caribbean. The subcommittee found that `there was substantial evidence of drug smuggling through the war zone on the part of individuals Contras, Contra suppliers, Contra pilots, mercenaries who worked with the Contras supporters throughout the region.' U.S. officials, the subcommittee said, `failed to address the drug issue for fear of jeopardizing the war efforts against Nicaragua.' The investigation also reveals that some `senior policy makers' believed that the use of drug money was `a perfect solution to the Contras' funding problems.'
JANUARY 1993
Honduran businessman Eugenio Molina Osorio is arrested in Lubbock Texas for supplying $90,000 worth of cocaine to DEA agents. Molina told judge he is working for CIA to whom he provides political intelligence. Shortly after, a letter from CIA headquarters is sent to the judge, and the case is dismissed. `I guess we're all aware that they [the CIA] do business in a different way than everybody else,' the judge notes. Molina later admits his drug involvement was not a CIA operation, explaining that the agency protected him because of his value as a source for political intelligence in Honduras.
NOVEMBER 1996
Former head of the Venezuelan National Guard and CIA operative Gen. Ramon Gullien Davila is indicted in Miami on charges of smuggling as much as 22 tons of cocaine into the United States. More than a ton of cocaine was shipped into the country with the CIA's approval as part of an undercover program aimed at catching drug smugglers, an operation kept secret from other U.S. agencies

The Real Drug Lords: A brief history of CIA involvement in the Drug Trade
This article was first published on August 31, 2008.
1947 to 1951, FRANCE

https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-real-drug-lords-a-brief-history-of-cia-involvement-in-the-drug-trade/10013  
According to Alfred W. McCoy in The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia, CIA arms, money, and disinformation enabled Corsican criminal syndicates in Marseille to wrestle control of labor unions from the Communist Party. The Corsicans gained political influence and control over the docks — ideal conditions for cementing a long-term partnership with mafia drug distributors, which turned Marseille into the postwar heroin capital of the Western world. Marseille’s first heroin laboratones were opened in 1951, only months after the Corsicans took over the waterfront.

EARLY 1950s, SOUTHEAST ASIA
The Nationalist Chinese army, organized by the CIA to wage war against Communist China, became the opium barons of The Golden Triangle (parts of Burma, Thailand and Laos), the world’s largest source of opium and heroin. Air America, the ClA’s principal airline proprietary, flew the drugs all over Southeast Asia. (See Christopher Robbins, Air America, Avon Books, 1985, chapter 9)

1950s to early 1970s, INDOCHINA During U.S. military involvement in Laos and other parts of Indochina, Air America flew opium and heroin throughout the area. Many Gl’s in Vietnam became addicts. A laboratory built at CIA headquarters in northern Laos was used to refine heroin. After a decade of American military intervention, Southeast Asia had become the source of 70 percent of the world’s illicit opium and the major supplier of raw materials for America’s booming heroin market.

1973-80, AUSTRALIA
The Nugan Hand Bank of Sydney was a CIA bank in all but name. Among its officers were a network of US generals, admirals and CIA men, including fommer CIA Director William Colby, who was also one of its lawyers. With branches in Saudi Arabia, Europe, Southeast Asia, South America and the U.S., Nugan Hand Bank financed drug trafficking, money laundering and international arms dealings. In 1980, amidst several mysterious deaths, the bank collapsed, $50 million in debt. (See Jonathan Kwitny, The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money and the CIA, W.W. Norton & Co., 1 987.)

1970s and 1980s, PANAMA

For more than a decade, Panamanian strongman Manuel Noriega was a highly paid CIA asset and collaborator, despite knowledge by U.S. drug authorities as early as 1971 that the general was heavily involved in drug trafficking and money laundering. Noriega facilitated ”guns-for-drugs” flights for the contras, providing protection and pilots, as well as safe havens for drug cartel otficials, and discreet banking facilities. U.S. officials, including then-ClA Director William Webster and several DEA officers, sent Noriega letters of praise for efforts to thwart drug trafficking (albeit only against competitors of his Medellin Cartel patrons). The U.S. government only turned against Noriega, invading Panama in December 1989 and kidnapping the general once they discovered he was providing intelligence and services to the Cubans and Sandinistas. Ironically drug trafficking through Panama increased after the US invasion. (John Dinges, Our Man in Panama, Random House, 1991; National Security Archive Documentation Packet The Contras, Cocaine, and Covert Operations.)

1980s, CENTRAL AMERICA

The San Jose Mercury News series documents just one thread of the interwoven operations linking the CIA, the contras and the cocaine cartels. Obsessed with overthrowing the leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua, Reagan administration officials tolerated drug trafficking as long as the traffickers gave support to the contras. In 1989, the Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations (the Kerry committee) concluded a three-year investigation by stating:

“There was substantial evidence of drug smuggling through the war zones on the part of individual Contras, Contra suppliers, Contra pilots mercenaries who worked with the Contras, and Contra supporters throughout the region…. U.S. officials involved in Central America failed to address the drug issue for fear of jeopardizing the war efforts against Nicaragua…. In each case, one or another agency of the U.S. govemment had intormation regarding the involvement either while it was occurring, or immediately thereafter…. Senior U S policy makers were nit immune to the idea that drug money was a perfect solution to the Contras’ funding problems.” (Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy, a Report of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and Intemational Operations, 1989)
In Costa Rica, which served as the “Southern Front” for the contras (Honduras being the Northern Front), there were several different ClA-contra networks involved in drug trafficking. In addition to those servicing the Meneses-Blandon operation detailed by the Mercury News, and Noriega’s operation, there was CIA operative John Hull, whose farms along Costa Rica’s border with Nicaragua were the main staging area for the contras. Hull and other ClA-connected contra supporters and pilots teamed up with George Morales, a major Miami-based Colombian drug trafficker who later admitted to giving $3 million in cash and several planes to contra leaders. In 1989, after the Costa Rica government indicted Hull for drug trafficking, a DEA-hired plane clandestinely and illegally flew the CIA operative to Miami, via Haiti. The US repeatedly thwarted Costa Rican efforts to extradite Hull back to Costa Rica to stand trial. Another Costa Rican-based drug ring involved a group of Cuban Amencans whom the CIA had hired as military trainers for the contras. Many had long been involved with the CIA and drug trafficking They used contra planes and a Costa Rican-based shnmp company, which laundered money for the CIA, to move cocaine to the U.S. Costa Rica was not the only route. Guatemala, whose military intelligence service — closely associated with the CIA — harbored many drug traffickers, according to the DEA, was another way station along the cocaine highway.
Additionally, the Medellin Cartel’s Miami accountant, Ramon Milian Rodriguez, testified that he funneled nearly $10 million to Nicaraguan contras through long-time CIA operative Felix Rodriguez, who was based at Ilopango Air Force Base in El Salvador. The contras provided both protection and infrastructure (planes, pilots, airstrips, warehouses, front companies and banks) to these ClA-linked drug networks. At least four transport companies under investigation for drug trafficking received US govemment contracts to carry non-lethal supplies to the contras. Southern Air Transport, “formerly” ClA-owned, and later under Pentagon contract, was involved in the drug running as well. Cocaine-laden planes flew to Florida, Texas, Louisiana and other locations, including several militarv bases Designated as ‘Contra Craft,” these shipments were not to be inspected. When some authority wasn’t clued in and made an arrest, powerful strings were pulled on behalf of dropping the case, acquittal, reduced sentence, or deportation.
1980s to early 1990s, AFGHANISTAN
ClA-supported Moujahedeen rebels engaged heavily in drug trafficking while fighting against the Soviet-supported govemment and its plans to reform the very backward Afghan society. The Agency’s principal client was Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, one of the leading druglords and leading heroin refiner. CIA supplied trucks and mules, which had carried arms into Afghanistan, were used to transport opium to laboratories along the Afghan Pakistan border. The output provided up to one half of the heroin used annually in the United States and three-quarters of that used in Western Europe. US officials admitted in 1990 that they had failed to investigate or take action against the drug operabon because of a desire not to offend their Pakistani and Afghan allies. In 1993, an official of the DEA called Afghanistan the new Colombia of the drug world.
MlD-1980s to early 199Os, HAITI
While working to keep key Haitian military and political leaders in power, the CIA turned a blind eye to their clients’ drug trafficking. In 1986, the Agency added some more names to its payroll by creating a new Haitian organization, the National Intelligence Service (SIN). SIN was purportedly created to fight the cocaine trade, though SIN officers themselves engaged in the trafficking, a trade aided and abetted by some of the Haitian military and political leaders.
William Blum is author of Killing Hope: U.S Military and CIA Interventions Since World War ll available from Common Courage Press, P.O. Box
702, Monroe, Maine, 04951The original source of this article is revolutionradio.org and Global Research
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Julie Cutler, Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer,Ciara Glennon  and Sarah Anne McMahon were murdered after disappearing from the streets of  Perth , the capital city of Western Australia in between 1988 and 2000

Ideal Abduction and Murder Kit similar to the items that Western Australia Police officer  Con Bayers found in a Commodore Holden car boot driving through Northbridge, Perth, Western Australia..

"The boot was lined in blue plastic. There were wire ties, a pair of pliers, some masking tape," Bayens said.
"We had one girl murdered, we had another one missing. He could have been the killer."
But Bayens said he was told by the head of the Task Force that they already had their man.
He never saw a response to the brief he prepared on the man in Highgate, despite his striking similarities to the killer profile.
"What happened in Highgate that night, what I saw that night, has haunted me for a lot of years," Bayens said.

The cord Bradley Robert Edwards used to tie up his rape victim in 1995.

Robert Falconer -Former Western Australian Police Commissioner-20th June_1994-to_20th_June_1999


Regardless of the evidence on public record that is undisputed of Len Buckeridge's involvement in criminal activities and never being seriously investigated or charged for such crimes .... Tributes flowed for WA business giant, one of the state’s richest men, the Peppermint Grove billionaire businessman, Len Buckeridge, who died today (11th March, 2015) age 77 after an illness at his home at 8.15am yesterday ( 11th March, 2015) his sister Margaret Halcombe said. after a long battle with illness.

https://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/tributes-flow-for-wa-business-giant-len-buckeridge-who-died-today-age-77-after-an-illness/news-story/e2e996cdb6f6e14a088a7f944470f879

The reality was the billions Len Buckeridge's silent partners put into building up the BGC Group of Building companies to turn them from being worth a few million dollars, to being worth a few billion dollars with over 3,500 full-time employees and an annual turnover of in excess of $3 billion per annum  ... has made a lot of people very well off, and a lot more very financially comfortable and with good jobs ... ......  which includes helping to create a property boom in Perth, Western Australia which caused prices of real estate to increase substantially in Perth, Western Australia ... 

Asked what her brother’s proudest achievement was, Mrs Halcombe said: “There have been many, many achievements, just look around.
“Even the fact of how many people he employed and how his staff thought so much of him. .
.
.. David Williams -- Executive Director of the NYT Investigation Team ​

BGC Construction » Company Profile
www.bgcconstruction.com › company-profileL BGC Construction is an operating division of BGC (Australia) Pty Ltd, one of ... Group turnover of in excess of $3 billion per annum and 3,500 employees. ... BGC is a major builder and manufacturer of building materials in Western Australia.

http://www.bgcconstruction.com/company-pr

BGC Construction is an operating division of BGC (Australia) Pty Ltd, one of Australia’s largest private companies with Group turnover of in excess of $3 billion per annum and 3,500 employees.
BGC Construction has been in operation since 1971.
BGC is a major builder and manufacturer of building materials in Western Australia.
BGC Construction is certified to AS/NZS ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management, to AS/NZS 4801:2001 Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems, and to ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management Systems. BGC Construction have also obtained Accreditation to the Australian Government Building and Construction Federal OHS Accreditation Scheme.
Additionally, the Company is accredited to the highest category of Category 5-Complex Contractor by the State Government.
DIRECTORS: SENIOR MANAGEMENT:
Mr Sam Buckeridge Mr David Dodds General Manager
Mr Andrew Buckeridge Mr Robert Gugliotta Manager Commercial
Mr Julian Ambrose Mr Brian Marinovich Senior Construction Manager
Mr Andrew Teo Mr John Irvine Manager Retirement/Aged Care
Mr Neil Hamilton Mr Ross Marshall Manager Regional
 Mr Matthew Bungey Mrs Catherine Elliott Finance Manager
 Ms Jenny Seabrook Mr Willem Pieterse Services Manager
Mr Jason Duthie HSEQ Manager
BGC Construction’s management team is well balanced, experienced and committed to the company’s goals of achieving the client’s design, financial, time and quality targets, while maximising client involvement, minimising disputation and promoting on-going partnering relationships.​​

Originally posted on Ravings of a Radical Vagabond this is a comprehensive summary of Third Positionist fascist currents old and new, and the successful insertion of their ideas into leftist milieus and alternative media outlets.
This long post started as an investigation about the Left and Syria which I started after I read the Sol Process blog’s publication of three posts concerning shady pro-Assad sources used in leftist circles (which can be read here: part I, part II, part III), and which later expanded into a more extensive investigation. I also thank the acknowledgement of my blog post by Russia Without BS, whose blog was helpful in the initial stages of my research.An Investigation Into Red-Brown Alliances: Third Positionism, Russia, Ukraine, Syria, And The Western Left
1 February 2018 | libcom.org
A comprehensive summary of Third Positionist fascist currents old and new, and the successful insertion of their ideas into leftist milieus and alternative media outlets.

https://libcom.org/library/investigation-red-brown-alliances-third-positionism-russia-ukraine-syria-western-left

Pine Gap secrets
Channel 10
A former US agent lifts the lid on some of the top secret projects he worked on while at Australia's remote Pine Gap "spy station".
CategoryNews & Politics

DNA evidence collected from Ciara Glennon's burial site makes up part of the prosecution's case. (Supplied: WA Supreme Court)

Cop spills all on WA police “Welcome To Hell …. !"

“..it is easier to be shot by a Western Australian Police Officer than be eaten by a shark in Perth, Western Australia …”
Anthony DeCeglie, The Sunday Times - December 8, 2012
http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/western-australia/cop-spills-all-on-wa-police/news-story/c8d2ce9b4d208a21086da6f60119ffa7

Officer A states in his book The Crime Factory detailing his experiences as a Police Officer in Western Australia, after been invited from the London Police Force ( MET) to work in Western Australia with his wife who is also a police officer, in the chapter “Welcome to Hell”.. that is easy to be shot by a Western Australian Police Officer than eaten by a shark..” SEXIST, racist and trigger happy.

A former police officer has written a graphic account of life as a Perth cop in a new book that claims to blow the whistle on what really goes on behind the blue line.

The book, written under the pseudonym "Officer A" and called The Crime Factory, details several years the author spent in the WA Police after coming over in 2006 as part of a recruitment drive to lure British cops.

The book contains accusations of racism, brutality, bullying and binge drinking.

"Policing in Western Oz was like policing in the 1970s in the UK, but more violent, racist and sexist, and the cops had free use of guns and Tasers," it said.

Officer A, who worked in WA until early 2008, said local cops were trigger happy especially when it came to Tasers.

The chapter about his arrival in Perth is called: "Welcome to Hell".
"I'd quickly learnt that in Australia you were much more likely to be shot dead by a cop than get eaten by a shark," he said.
"A significant minority of officers tasered anybody that pissed them off, which was usually anyone with a different skin colour.
"I saw two officers attack a pair of harmless sailors. They were a bit drunk but were completely inoffensive."

He also recounts how his then wife who also came over to work in the force was sent out to execute an arrest warrant on a potentially violent criminal just moments after she told her manager she was pregnant.

The book alleges senior police made it clear the recruits were just a "doctor's quick fix". "The local cops hated us," the author says.
The book traces Officer A's career in WA, starting out at a suburban police station before winning a transfer to a secretive intelligence division as a "covert officer" rounding up informants to take out the "baddest guys in the country". He resigned in 2008 following an incident at a Perth pub, where he says a drunken officer verbally abused him,

then returned to Britain to work for the Surrey police force.

A WA Police spokesman said: "The claims in the book about policing in WA are hard to fathom and probably say more about the author than they do about WA Police.

"There is nothing in the book that gives WA Police any concern." He said that between 2006 and 2009, 657 overseas
officers were recruited in a "highly successful international recruitment campaign". Just over a quarter of those recruits have since quit. Last night, The Sunday Times spoke with the author of The Crime Factory who admitted to having a nervous breakdown after his return to the UK which he claims insiders were trying to use to discredit his book. The breakdown led to a 2010 incident in which he made a drunken phone call from his police station to a colleague claiming that he was going to shoot himself. It caused the station to be stormed by police. He was fined 500 pounds, but the court heard that during his police career he had won several awards.  "I had a breakdown," he said. "It happens. Prior to that I had an excellent service record." He said the book had been a steady seller.

Bradley Edwards is facing trial charged with the Claremont serial killings. CREDIT: STEPHEN KIPRILLIS

Amanda Smith, Sarah McMcMahon's sister, outside Western Australia's Coroner's Court. 

Man (Donald Morey) was 'too interested' in missing girl (Sarah McMahon: 
sister speaks out... by Rania Spooner
http://www.watoday.com.au/wa-news/man-was-too-interested-in-missing-girl-sister-20121210-2b5rg.html
Man was 'too interested' in missing girl: sister 

The sister of a Perth girl who vanished more than ten years ago after developing a friendship with an older man who has since been convicted of attempting to murder a prostitute has told the inquest into her sister's suspected death she always found the man "creepy".
Sarah Anne McMahon was 20 years old when she disappeared on October 8, 2000.
The last phone call Ms McMahon answered was from Donald Morey, then 45, who has since been convicted of attempting to murder a prostitute in 2003.
Counsel assisting the coroner at the inquest into the suspected death of Ms McMahon told the court Morey's attempt to strangle the woman to death came days after a fellow sex worker from the same Highgate strip had gone missing.
Ms McMahon's sister Amanda Smith giving evidence to the Coroner's Court on Monday said Morey met her sister at her house a couple of years before her disappearance.
When Ms Smith returned from living in regional Western Australia after a period of months she discovered "Don" and her sister were speaking on the phone "all the time", something that worried her, she said
"He was very interested in her – too interested," Ms Smith said.
"He was always trying to charm her."
Ms Smith said she found Morey "creepy".


Morey has never been ruled out as a suspect in the suspected death of Ms McMahon, Detective Darryl Cox told the Coroner's Court.
A special police unit that manages WA's cold cases reopened the case of Ms McMahon's disappearance last year and reinterviewed several witnesses.
One witness – a prostitute whose name has been protected – changed her original statement to make shocking claims that she saw the naked body of a woman she believed to be Ms McMahon in Morey's bedroom with a rope looped around her neck, counsel assisting the coroner Philip Urquhart told the inquest in his opening submissions.
The inquest is expected to hear the woman claimed she helped clean up the house after something wrapped in a quilt was removed from the bedroom.
The woman told police she wanted to "tell the whole truth" about what happened to Ms McMahon last year because she believed she was suffering from a terminal illness, Mr Urquhart told the inquest.

Perth police at the Carlisle state housing unit yesterday following the explosion of an alleged drug lab, in which the police commissioner's son was hurt.

Picture: Richard Polden

The Five Eyes (FVEY)
The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia,(ASIO and ASIS) Canada (CSIS), CSE and CFINTCOM), New Zealand (NZSIS, DDIS and GCSB), the United Kingdom (M15, MI6, SIS , GCHQ and DI) and the United States (CIA, DIA, FBI, NGA and NSA)  These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

The origins of the FVEY can be traced back to the post–World War II period, when the Atlantic Charter was issued by the Allies to lay out their goals for a post-war world. During the course of the Cold War, the ECHELON surveillance system was initially developed by the FVEY to monitor the communications of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, although it is now used to monitor billions of private communications worldwide. 
In the late 1990s, the existence of ECHELON was disclosed to the public, triggering a major debate in the European Parliament and, to a lesser extent, the United States Congress. As part of efforts in the ongoing War on Terror since 2001, the FVEY further expanded their surveillance capabilities, with much emphasis placed on monitoring the World Wide Web. The former NSA contractor Edward Snowden described the Five Eyes as a "supra-national intelligence organisation that does not answer to the known laws of its own countries".  Documents leaked by Snowden in 2013 revealed that the FVEY has been spying on one another's citizens and sharing the collected information with each other in order to circumvent restrictive domestic regulations on surveillance of citizens. 
In spite of continued controversy over its methods, the Five Eyes relationship remains one of the most comprehensive known espionage alliances in history.
Since processed intelligence is gathered from multiple sources, the intelligence shared is not restricted to signals intelligence (SIGINT) and often involves defence intelligence as well as human intelligence (HUMINT) and geospatial intelligence (GEOINT). The following table provides an overview of most of the FVEY agencies involved in such forms of data sharing.

Origins of The Five Eyes (FVEY)
The origins of the Five Eyes alliance can be traced back to the Atlantic Charter, which was issued in August 1941 to lay out the Allied goals for the post-war world. On 17 May 1943, the British–U.S. Communication Intelligence Agreement, also known as the BRUSA Agreement, was signed by the UK and U.S. governments to facilitate co-operation between the U.S. War Department and the British Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS). On 5 March 1946, the secret treaty was formalized as the UKUSA Agreement, which forms the basis for all signal intelligence cooperation between the NSA and GCHQ to this day. 

In 1948, the treaty was extended to include Canada, followed by Norway (1952), Denmark (1954), West Germany (1955), Australia (1956), and New Zealand (1956).[13] These countries participated in the alliance as "third parties". By 1955, the formal status of the remaining Five Eyes countries was officially acknowledged in a newe version of the UKUSA Agreement that contained the following statement:

At this time only Canada, Australia and New Zealand will be regarded as UKUSA-collaborating Commonwealth countries. 
The "Five Eyes" term has its origins as a shorthand for a "AUS/CAN/NZ/UK/US EYES ONLY" (AUSCANNZUKUS) classification level.


Cold War (1950s–1990s)

During the Cold War, GCHQ and the NSA shared intelligence on the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, and several eastern European countries (known as Exotics).  Over the course of several decades, the ECHELON surveillance network was developed to monitor the military and diplomatic communications of the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies.

During the Vietnam War, Australian and New Zealand operators in the Asia-Pacific region worked directly to support the United States, while GCHQ operators stationed in the (then) British colony of Hong Kong were tasked with monitoring North Vietnamese air defence networks.  During the Falklands War, the British received intelligence data from its FVEY allies such as Australia, as well as from third parties such as Norway and France. In the aftermath of the Gulf War, a technician of the ASIS was used by SIS to bug Kuwaiti government offices.

In the 1950s, SIS and the CIA jointly orchestrated the overthrow of Iran's Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh. In the 1960s, SIS and the CIA jointly orchestrated the assassination of the Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba.  In the 1970s, the ASIS and the CIA jointly orchestrated the overthrow of Chile's President Salvador Allende.  During the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, SIS and the CIA took part in Operation Yellowbird to rescue dissidents from the Chinese regime. 

ECHELON network disclosures (1972–2000) 

By the end of the 20th century, the ECHELON surveillance network had evolved into a global system capable of sweeping up massive amounts of private and commercial communications, including telephone calls, fax, e-mail and other data traffic. This was done through the interception of communication bearers such as satellite transmission and public switched telephone networks.

The Five Eyes has two types of information collection methods: the PRISM program and the Upstream collection system. The PRISM program gathers user information from technology firms such as Google, Apple and Microsoft, while the Upstream system gathers information directly from the communications of civilians via fiber cables and infrastructure as data flows past.  The program's first disclosure to the public came in 1972 when a former NSA communications analyst reported to Ramparts Magazine that the NSA had developed technology that "could crack all Soviet codes".  In 1988, Duncan Campbell revealed in the New Statesman the existence of ECHELON, an extension of the UKUSA Agreement on global signals intelligence [Sigint]. The story, 'Somebody's listening,' detailed how the eavesdropping operations were not only being employed in the interests of 'national security,' but were regularly abused for corporate espionage in the service of US business interests. The piece passed largely unnoticed outside of journalism circles.  In 1996, a detailed description of ECHELON was provided by New Zealand journalist Nicky Hager in a book titled "Secret Power – New Zealand's Role in the International Spy Network", which was cited by the European Parliament in a 1998 report titled "An Appraisal of the Technology of Political Control" (PE 168.184). On 16 March 2000, the Parliament called for a resolution on the Five Eyes and their ECHELON surveillance network, which, if passed, would have called for the "complete dismantling of ECHELON".

Three months later, the Temporary Committee on ECHELON was set up by the European Parliament to investigate the ECHELON surveillance network. However, according to a number of European politicians such as Esko Seppänen of Finland, these investigations were hindered by the European Commission.[39]

In the United States, congressional legislators warned that the ECHELON system could be used to monitor U.S. citizens.  On 14 May 2001, the U.S. government cancelled all meetings with the Temporary Committee on ECHELON. 

According to a BBC report in May 2001, "the US Government still refuses to admit that Echelon even exists." 

War on Terror (2001–present) 
See also: Global surveillance

In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the surveillance capabilities of the Five Eyes were greatly increased as part of the global War on Terror.

During the run-up to the Iraq War, the communications of UN weapons inspector Hans Blix were monitored by the Five Eyes. The office of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan was bugged by British agents. An NSA memo detailed plans of the Five Eyes to boost eavesdropping on UN delegations of six countries as part of a "dirty tricks" campaign to apply pressure on these six countries to vote in favour of using force against Iraq.
SIS and the CIA forged a surveillance partnership with Libya's ruler Muammar Gaddafi to spy on Libyan dissidents in the West, in exchange for permission to use Libya as a base for extraordinary renditions. 
As of 2010, the Five Eyes also have access to SIPRNet, the U.S. government's classified version of the Internet.
In 2013, documents leaked by the former NSA contractor Edward Snowden revealed the existence of numerous surveillance programs jointly operated by the Five Eyes. The following list includes several notable examples reported in the media:
PRISM – Operated by the NSA together with GCHQ and the ASD
XKeyscore – Operated by the NSA with contributions from the ASD and the GCSB
Tempora – Operated by GCHQ with contributions from the NSA
MUSCULAR – Operated by GCHQ and the NSA 
STATEROOM – Operated by the ASD, CIA, CSE, GCHQ, and NSA

In March 2014, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Australia to stop spying on East Timor. This marks the first time that such restrictions are imposed on a member of the FVEY. 
Fourteen Eyes
According to a document leaked by Edward Snowden, there is another working agreement amongst 14 nations officially known as SIGINT Seniors Europe, or "SSEUR". These "14 Eyes" consist of the same members of Nine Eyes plus Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden. 

Further intelligence sharing collaborations 
As spelled out by Privacy International, there are a number of issue-specific intelligence agreements that include some or all the above nations and numerous others, such as:
An area-specific sharing amongst the 41 nations that formed the allied coalition in Afghanistan;
A shared effort of the Five Eyes nations in "focused cooperation" on computer network exploitation with Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey;
Club of Berne: 17 members including primarily European States; the US is not a member;

The Counterterrorist Group: a wider membership than the 17 European states that make up the Club of Berne, and includes the US;

NATO Special Committee: made up of the heads of the security services of NATO's 28 member countries

Bradley Robert Edwards. (Supplied)

​Bradley Edwards pleaded guilty to the historic terrifying bedroom sex attack years before Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon. vanished from the Claremont area 

Len Buckeridge

Leonard Walter Buckeridge (15 June 1936 – 11 March 2014) was an Australian businessman known for founding the Buckeridge Group of Companies. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Len_Buckeridge

Early Life of Leonard Walter Buckeridge

He attended Perth Modern School then trained as an architect[2] at Perth Technical College.[5][6]
In his final year of Architecture, he won the James Hardie Prize for his thesis "The Economical House".

The career of Leonard Walter Buckeridge

He built high-rise buildings in Perth and elsewhere through his company, Buckeridge Group of Companies. He also owned James Point Pty Ltd.[2][3]
In September 2012, he sued a former fork-lift driver who allegedly posted defamatory comments on Facebook about him. The former employee was backed by the labour union United Voice.
In November 2012, he sued the Government of Western Australia for A$1 billion regarding a delay in construction on Cockburn Sound.

Premier Colin Barnett counseled him to drop the lawsuit.

Leonard Walter Buckeridge also sued about a delay in the construction of the Perth Arena.

Personal Life of 

Leonard Walter Buckeridge was married once. To Judy Lyon, mother of his five children Lise, Rachel, Andrew, Sam, Joshua.

Leonard Walter Buckeridge's de facto partner for 40 years was Tootsie Ambrose, mother of Julian.
Leonard Walter Buckeridge lived in the Mosman Park neighbourhood of Perth. As of January 2013, he was worth an estimated US$1.4 billion.

He died of a heart attack at his home on 11 March 2014, aged 77 years.

​Legacy

​His estate was being contested in 2016, due to various family members going to the Western Australian supreme court by 22 parties in three separate proceedings

Note: Any information that portrays Leonard Walter Buckeridge in a negative light is immediately removed from the pages of Wikipedia.org and in one instance a complete Wikipedia.org web page was completed removed from Wikipedia.org partly because it had information that portrays Leonard Walter Buckeridge in a negative light. Wikipedia.org  is openly accused by various researches of being controlled by the CIA, MI6 and the other Five Eyes SEcurity Organisations ....  who want to leave the history of certain people, places and events the way they want such history written ... knowing that Wikipedia.org has effectively become the main encyclopedia for the history of planet earth ...  it seems that the CIA, MI6 and the other Five Eyes Security Organisations .has effectively turned Wikipedia into a Modern-Day Bible .....so that what is written in the pages is accepted by the average person as the "Gospel Truth" .... and what is not written in the pages of Wikipedia is considered a just "conspiracy claims" ... with the general belief that such things did not happen.... because if they do happen and were the truth ." such information would be written in the pages of Wikipedia.org.

One could easily come to the conclusion that the main aims of Len Buckeridge was to become as rich as he could during his lifetime .... however ... form out investigations and research what Leonard Walter Buckeridge most highly craved and wanted was power and to prove that he was the most powerful man in Australian that could do whatever he liked, when he liked, without fear of any serious challenge over his activities... and to be able to order anyone around including people in the most influential positions in society .... such as police commissioners, premiers of states and prime ministers of Australia as well as influential people in the legal system in Western Australia .... David Williams -- Executive Director of the NYT Investigation Team 

CIA Drug Trafficking Allegations Hearing (1998) | w/ Maxine Waters Gary Webb
reelblack
CIA Drug Trafficking Allegations Committee members heard testimony concerning allegations that the Central Intelligence Agency facilitated the introduction and spread of crack cocaine in U.S. urban areas in order to fund Contra activities in Nicaragua

​​L. Ron Hubbardwho fronted for MI5/MI6/CIA to establish what is now known as the Church of Scientology

The Five Eyes (FVEY)
Covert Action- Information Bulletin Number 28

https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP
The CIA and Drugs
Approved for release 06/03/2010: CIA_RDP90-00845R000100170001-8
https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90-00845R000100170001-8.pdf
 It is clearly appropriate, once again. To underscore the enormity of the CIA’s sordid role in the world of drug traffick9ing. As we show in this issue, the CIA has been, from its inception, a major source of opium, heroin, and now crack. Revelations that the planes which fly weapons to the anti-Sandinista Contras in Honduras and Costa Roca return filled with drugs, may - if they are allowed to be fully explored - yet shock the conscience of an American people numbered by a decade of equally incredible revelations.
CAIB has also learnt that the CIA is receiving assistance in its Central America drug operations from an old ally, the Mafia, which, after all, has been in the business since before the CIA existed. We hope to have this report in our next issue.
Getting the information to the public may not be easy, as a recent Village Voice report details. Efforts by the office of the U.S. Attorney in Miami and by the staff of Senator John Kerry )Dem.-Mass.) to probe Contra during running have been continually stymied by an administration, and its congressional backers, desperate to avoid the tarnish such investigations  will give to the image of their “freedom fighter”.

​https://esamawuta.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/mi6-are-the-lords-of-the-global-drug-trade.pdf

​MI6 Are The Lords of the Global Drug Trade By James Casbolt – Former MI6 Agent c. 2006 All Rights Reserved May not be reproduced without written permission It may be a revelation to many people that the global drug trade is controlled and run by the intelligence agencies. In this global drug trade British intelligence reigns supreme. As intelligence insiders know MI5 and MI6 control many of the other intelligence agencies in the world (CIA, MOSSAD etc) in a vast web of intrigue and corruption that has its global power base in the city of London, the square mile. My name is James Casbolt and I worked for MI6 in 'black ops' cocaine trafficking with the IRA and MOSSAD in London and Brighton between 1995 and 1999. My father Peter Casbolt was also MI6 and worked with the CIA and mafia in Rome, trafficking cocaine into Britain. My experience was that the distinctions of all these groups became blurred until in the end we were all one international group working together for the same goals. We were puppets who had our strings pulled by global puppet masters based in the city of London. Most levels of the intelligence agencies are not loyal to the people of the country they are based in and see themselves as 'super national'. 

According to a 40 year investigation report ... the Chinese Triads along with corrupt police and other various mafia-type criminal networks in Western Australia in partnership with the Five Eyes (FVEY) an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia,(ASIO and ASIS) Canada (CSIS), CSE and CFINTCOM), New Zealand (NZSIS, DDIS and GCSB), the United Kingdom (M15, MI6, SIS , GCHQ and DI) and the United States (CIA, DIA, FBI, NGA and NSA) made of MI5/MI6, the CIA, ASIO .... created a billion-dollar Methamphetamine Illegal Drug Business in Australia and including in Perth, Western Australia, from the 1980's onwards, which became the new hip drug for middle and upper-class teenagers and young adults taking over from Heroine and Crack Cocaine as the new socially acceptable hip party drug which gives up to a 12 hour high ... it is in this atmosphere and type of society that the Claremont Serial Killings took place with no one apprehended or charged for the abductions and or murders of a lot of females in Perth and Western Australia in the 1980's and 1990's and beyond... for over 20 years .. with the Macro Task Force spending thousands of police man-hours and millions of dollars in resources investigating people who were never charged as being involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings .... The Western Australian Police Drug Squad along with other police drug squads in other states of Australia have been named a 40 Year Investigative Report as being the most corrupt police squads in Australia, who have been more interested in having their selected illegal drug dealers sell drugs in partnership with certain state and federal police ........ rather than doing everything to help stop the importation and sale of illegal drugs in Australia .... 

Well-known Perth, Western Australian illegal drug dealer Paolo “Paul” Musarri who was once the undisputed king of his own little world — and a big fish in WA’s relatively small crime pond yelled to the Judge in his 1980's Drug Selling Trial .... "...Your honor I admit I sell heroin for a living and my business is importing and selling heroin ..... however I do not understand why the police sitting in the court today that arrested me for selling heroine ... are not also charged with me ... because they were for many years partners in by Heroine Drug Importation and Distribution Business .... so why aren't these police officers also charged with me as well.. for Heroin Drug Importation and Distribution "   .....

Of course, the words of this well known Perth, Western Australian illegal drug dealer Paolo “Paul” Musarri in the court that day were never reported in the Western Australian media outlets, such as the Western Australian Newspaper, Perth's Sunday Times Newspaper ... or Western Australia's TV Networks such as Channel Nine,  Channel Seven, Channel Ten or the ABC .... because what is told to the general public is very well monitored and controlled by those who at the top of these mainstream media organisations... That way the Western Australian Public can be controlled in what they read in newspapers and what they watch in TV .... which is led to the only daily newspaper in Western Australia .... the West Australian Newspaper ..... to be commonly known as "The Bible" ..... because what people read in the  West Australian Newspaper is considered the Gospel Truth and what is not published in the West Australian Newspaper ... simply did not happen as far as the average West Australian in concermed .... 

Claremont trial: Accused Claremont killer victim faces him in court
By Tegan Sapwell • Reporter -0 Dec 6, 2019

Click here for full Channel Nine News Video Coverage of the Claremont Serial Killings Trial 
https://www.9news.com.au/national/claremont-trial-accused-claremont-killer-victim-faces-him-in-court/9f5a861f-fdf5-4c1c-a329-868f899a5aa2

A victim of the accused Claremont serial killer has faced him in court, telling of a terrifying bedroom sex attack years before three women vanished.
Bradley Edwards pleaded guilty to the historic offence last month but the woman insisted on testifying in his murder trial, where he stands accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon. 

Bradley Edwards  has pleaded not guilty to three counts of wilful murder.
The woman, who can't be identified, told how she was asleep in her Huntingdale  bedroom on Valentine's Day 1988 when she "felt something on top of me" and "a hand come over my mouth."
She said she felt fabric on her mouth and initially thought it was her boyfriend sneaking into her bedroom, but when she reached to stroke his face she felt stubble, and realised the man in her bed was not her boyfriend.
She said she jabbed her fingernail into his cheek "as hard as she could" then braced, thinking she would be hit.
When she looked up she says she saw "a person standing in my doorway... almost as tall as the doorframe... wearing a nightie."
She says they stared at one another for half a heartbeat, then he fled – leaving a kimono and some stockings behind.
She then hammered on the wall of her parents' room, yelling for her dad.
The trial has already heard the kimono left at the scene of the chilling crime was a vital piece of the puzzle, which prosecutors allege provided the DNA link to Edwards.
Edwards' lawyer said it wasn't necessary for the woman to testify, and her evidence could be read in, but she chose to give evidence. 

She wasn't cross examined by the defence.

Defence lawyer Paul Yovich arrives for the start of the Claremont serial killings trial. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)

The Most Secret Place On Earth The ClAs Covert War In Laos 2015
The Most Secret Place On Earth The ClAs Covert War In Laos 2015
Published on Oct 30, 2015
This video is about The most secret places on the earth the Clas Covert war.watch this interesting video.
Category People & Blogs
dang po3 weeks ago
Eventually all of the stories will slowly fade away

The drag marks left in the sand after Bradley Robert Edwards dragged his 17-year-old victim into Karrakatta cemetery to rape her.

Ronald Leslie Carey, Retired WA Police Superintendent, was one of the original lead investigators on the Cutler case.

Claremont serial killings trial podcast: ‘The Contamination Case’

Click here to listen to this PerthNow Podcast on the Claremont Serial Killings Trial of Bradley Robert Edwards
https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-the-contamination-case-ng-b881430525z
Kate RyanPerthNow - January 10, 2020

When police arrived at the scenes where Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies had been dumped, they didn’t have to wear gloves to prevent cross contamination.

On day 22 of the Claremont Serial Killings trial, former forensic police officer Robert Hemelaar took the stand for a third day where it was revealed there wasn’t a big focus on preserving a crime scene in the mid 1990s.
He said there was no protocol for wearing gloves and covers for their boots, only that gloves should be worn while handling ‘deceased matter’ for their own safety.
During his cross examination by defence lawyer Paul Yovich, Mr Hemelaar admitted he had handled some evidence - a tree branch - with his bare hands.

The West Australian: Claremont serial killings trial full coverage
The court had been told tree branches had been pulled off nearby trees and placed over both Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies to partially conceal them.
He also said a key piece of evidence, a hair sample from Ciara Glennon which the prosecution says contained fibres matching unique Telstra shorts, the kind issued to Bradley Edwards while he was working at Telstra, had not been videoed while being collected from Ciara’s body.

It was revealed that the sample had also not had tamper-proof tape stuck on the container until years after it was collected.
Cross-contamination is the main case the defence has said will provide reasonable doubt about whether Bradley Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer.


Join Natalie Bonjolo, Tim Clarke and Alison Fan as they take you through Day 22’s evidence, and answer some of your questions.

Don’t forget to send your questions to claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au

Battle for Len Buckeridge's billions heats up - The West Australian

https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/battle-for-len-buckeridges-billions-heats-up-ng-ya-108719

Len Buckeridge, the billionaire Building Magnate, was well known to be the most powerful and well-connected person in Perth, Western Australia who one of his employee stated when there was a dispute over allegations that Len Buckeridge had committed perjury and assault in relation of a restraining order Len Buckeridhe has issued in the Perth's Magistrates Court ..."... you do not know who you are dealing with here with my boss Len Buckeridge... Len can ring the Western Australian Police Commissioner Robert Falconer at 3am in the morning at his personal home number and ask him to jump as high as Len wants ... "

Detective John Hancock stated when a request was made to have Len Buckeridge arrested for perjury and assault ..... ".. my superior officers have told me that Len Buckeridge has the Green Light to commit any crimes he wants and be involved in any crimes he wants .. Len Buckeridgde because of his powerful connection s is immune from any serious criminal investigations in Len's activities ......"

A statement was made by a person who was involved with the creation of ASIO (Australian Security Intelligence Organisation) and the Commonwealth Police of Australia (no known as the AFP- Australian Federal Police .. that he introduced Len Buckeirgde to his contacts in ASIO and the AFP because it was thought that Len Buckridge could be of great assistance to ASIO and the AFP .... further research shows that the father of Siok Puay Koh, known as Tootsie,, who became Len Buckeridge's de-facto wife, had previously worked for MI6 and the security services ...... MI^ and ASIO are part of what is known as Siok Puay Koh, known as Tootsie,

​The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

After Len Buckeridge had the  Five Eyes (FVEY)  connection that Len Buckeridge was able to expand his BGC Building Group of companies with unlimited capital injections over the years from a multi-million dollar group of companies to a multi-billion dollar group of companies ....

Len Buckeridge became so powerful, Len Buckeridge, in the end, could tell the Prime Minister of Australia what to do ...

Investigations have led to a clear picture that Len Buckeridge became an asset of The Five Eyes (FVEY) being an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and was used to help try and crush and/or control the Builders Workers Union and the Wharf Dockers Unions in Australia . similar to what was done by MI5/MI6 in the UK in the 1960's and 1970's.​, and 1980's in Britain, where MI5/MI6- Special Branch had their agents infiltrate the workers union and left-wing organisations that had formed to take on the powerful right-wing powerful business group of politicians to help obtain a better wages and working conditions for the workers in Britain ....

See:

True Spies (leftwing edit) — BBC
Click the below link to watch the video
https://www.thedossier.info/video/true-spies.htm
30 August 2016
How the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations, in order to disrupt legitimate political action.
stream theDossier
​True Spies (leftwing edit) — BBC
30 August 2016

How the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations, in order to disrupt legitimate political action.
stream theDossier
This three-part BBC documentary series was broadcast in 2002. It reveals how the British Secret State spied on so-called “subversives” in the media, trade unions and political organisations. Through the use of surveillance, infiltration and informants, MI5 and Special Branch worked together to disrupt legitimate political action.
The versions featured on this page have been re-edited to remove most of the rightwing bias found in the original broadcast versions, and therefore have shorter running times.

Episode 1 — Subversive My Arse
Investigates how the British “Secret State” has spied on its citizens, including actor Ricky Tomlinson, for decades. MI5 and Special Branch began to spy systematically on the likes of the Marxist Tariq Ali and the young Peter Hain, then anti-apartheid campaigner.
Subversive My Arse features a remarkably candid interview with the Special Branch officer who had the file on Ricky Tomlinson and with Tomlinson himself who had no idea that he was being spied on. A clearly shocked Ricky Tomlinson told the programme: “I'm totally gobsmacked. If they can do it to me, they can do it to anyone.”


Episode 2 — Something Better Change
Reveals how MI5 and Special Branch infiltrated leftwing groups and spied on union leaders Arthur Scargill and Derek “Red Robbo” Robinson. Now, for the first time, top Special Branch agent handlers — and their agents — describe how they responded to the so-called “subversive” threat by infiltrating groups such as the Workers Revolutionary Party.
The spies tell with astonishing candour how it felt to live with the constant fear of compromise and their victims respond, often with horror, when told of the extent to which they were being spied upon.
Something Better Change reveals startling new evidence to show how the Secret State, with Mrs Thatcher at the helm, dealt with the perceived bogeymen of the day.
Targets included Red Robbo, a shop steward at British Leyland's troubled Longbridge car works, Derek Hatton and his fellow supporters of the Militant Tendency and last, but most comprehensively of all, Arthur Scargill and the miners during the strike of 1984–5.
True Spies, BBC: 
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/true_spies/default.stm

Claremont trial: Graphic video of corpse examination shown in court
By AAP - Jan 9, 2020
https://www.9news.com.au/national/claremont-trial-graphic-video-of-ciara-glennon-corpse-examination-shown-in-court/5772a6fc-f05e-4c14-bccb-940495786a6e
Former forensic supervisor Robert Hemelaar narrated an hour-long video of the examination of Ciara Glennon's body. (9News)

A Telstra-issued pocket knife was found near Ciara's body. (9News)
Lawyer Ciara Glennon's body was discovered in bushland weeks after she disappeared. (Supplied)
Denis Glennon, father of Ciara Glennon, arrives at court. (Getty)
A Telecom van similar to the one issued to Bradley Edwards in the 1990s (Supplied)
Bradley Edwards in the 1990s (Supplied)

Another distressing and graphic video has been played in the Claremont serial killings trial, showing how police handled one of the crime scenes.
Ex-Telstra employee and confessed rapist Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, denies murdering Sarah Spiers, 18, Jane Rimmer, 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997.
During his second day of testimony in the Western Australia Supreme Court, former forensic supervisor Robert Hemelaar narrated an hour-long video of the examination of Ciara Glennon's body where it was found in bushland at Eglinton, north of Perth, in April 1997.
Justice Stephen Hall previously ruled such sensitive footage should not be viewed by the public gallery, so only the audio could be heard with the screens concealed by a large board.
Outlining the scene in the footage, Mr Hemelaar said bark on a tree appeared to be damaged, as well as some vegetation covering Ms Glennon's feet area.
"It appears twigs have been torn from the trees," he said.
"We've now removed a portion of the vegetation, we are seeing the deceased person ... now panned to the shirt, head area, and we are now panning down (to the) waist, bottom, left thigh."

Mr Hemelaar said Ms Glennon was clothed, lying on her stomach with her left arm out, her left thigh slightly higher up and her right arm underneath her.
She was also wearing jewellery, including a bracelet and watch.
Prosecutors allege Edwards' DNA was found under or on her fingernails.
"The nail on the ring finger is short, I don't know if it has been broken ... it's shorter than the others," lead forensic pathologist Karin Margolius is heard saying in the video.
At one stage, a male voice is heard saying: "Have you got clean gloves?"
Another man replies: "Yeah, I've got some here."

Officers also collected insect material for testing.


Ms Glennon was later lifted by a plastic sheet into a body bag, then temporarily placed in the shade.
As the video was played, Edwards sat in the dock and at times took notes or twiddled his fingers.
Ms Glennon's father Denis, who has attended much of the trial, continued to sit in the public gallery as the video was played.
The public gallery was allowed to view some photographs from the crime scene that were not deemed to be sensitive.
Mr Hemelaar is yet to be cross-examined.
The court previously heard Ms Glennon had neck injuries consistent with a sawing action.
Prosecutors also allege fibres found in Ms Glennon's hair and on her shirt matched Edwards' Telstra-issued work clothes and a car he had access to at the time.
The police handling of the crime scenes is central to the case because the defence claims contamination is an issue.
Several police officers previously testified they stayed metres away from the bodies.

https://www.9news.com.au/national/claremont-trial-graphic-video-of-ciara-glennon-corpse-examination-shown-in-court/5772a6fc-f05e-4c14-bccb-940495786a6e

 Five Eyes (FVEY) have gained effective control of the major political parties, police, legal system, trade unions, and the mainstream media in Australia 

Since Five Eyes (FVEY) arranged in 1975 for Gough Whitlam to be sacked as the Australian Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia, Five Eyes (FVEY)  have effectively created a Shadow Government and Deep State in Australia, which effectively controls both of the main Political Parties in Australia, the Labour Unions in Australia, the Police, the various state and federal government, and the Legal System, .... and the main stream media outlets in Australia, through various methods ,,,, which include fear of physical harm to people and their families.... fear of public exposure of skeletons in the closet of people in important positions in the government, the police, the courts, legal fraternity, and in other important influential positions in society, who have been compromised on in various ways ....  and through the vast amounts of cash earned from illegal drug distribution profits in Australia being laundered through various Australian companies and the Australian Labor Trade Unions by the CIA and MI6  .... thus the effect of this is that in Western Australia the Five Eyes (FVEY) controlled and financially backed Trade Unions in Western Australia, have convinced the Western Australian Public to elect the Australian Labor Party, believing it is a  party backed by a people's power trade union movement ....  when in fact the Trade Union Heads, and elected parliamentarians are effective servants of Five Eyes (FVEY), which is controlled by some of the richest and most powerful  people, corporations and bankers in the world...  who have effective control of the police, the political and legal system, the Director of Public Prosecutions, the elected politicians ,in Western Australia ,,,, as well as Five Eyes (FVEY)  controlling the lion's share of the illegal drug distribution in ​​Western Australia as Five Eyes (FVEY) do in most other countries around the world ...... which is run by Five Eyes (FVEY) approved criminal networks, Triad and Mafia Bosses .... this is the harsh reality .....the people of Western Australian must take back their state .... and the people of Australia must take back their country from the control of the CIA and MI6, who are the major players in the  Five Eyes (FVEY), before it is too late .... there is no doubt one of the real reasons why the full truth about who was behind the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings and the full facts and all possible witnesses and information is not being brought to full public light  because of the influence of .the  Five Eyes (FVEY) ... . the full truth is planned to be brought to light in the new film being produced titled ... "The Darkest Side of Perth (The Untold Story of the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings..... David Williams, Executive Head  of the NYT Legal and Political Investigation Team 

The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia,(ASIO and ASIS) Canada (CSIS), CSE and CFINTCOM), New Zealand (NZSIS, DDIS and GCSB), the United Kingdom (M15, MI6, SIS , GCHQ and DI) and the United States (CIA, DIA, FBI, NGA and NSA) ..These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence .... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

Boyce still believes CIA dismissed Whitlam
By TROY BRAMSTON - THE AUSTRALIAN - FEBRUARY 18, 2014
CHRISTOPHER Boyce, who spent nearly 25 years in jail for selling CIA secrets to the Russians in the 1970s, has repeated his claim that the US spy agency was involved in the dismissal of Gough Whitlam's government in 1975.
https://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/boyce-still-believes-cia-dismissed-whitlam/news-story/a0abe8cc88916fe806cbe3fe4a8c6bf0
He asserts that governor-general Sir John Kerr was a CIA "flunkey" and that he was known within the CIA as "our man Kerr".
Mr Boyce says the dismissal was "a coup" executed by the US tantamount to "the velvet glove version of the government overthrow in Chile".
In an interview with journalist Mark Davis for the SBS program Dateline tonight, 
Mr Boyce also claims the CIA infiltrated the top echelons of the Australian trade union movement in the 70s.

David John Caporn- former Assist Police Commissioner for Western Australia -is facing the prospect of 11 adverse findings_ABC_News

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2007-08-07/assist-commissioner-david-caporn-is-facing-the/988670

Mallard five assigned desk duties
14 Dec 2007

The five police officers who appeared before the Corruption and Crime Commission hearings into the wrongful conviction of Andrew Mallard have been assigned desk duties pending the outcome of the inquiry.

The Corruption and Crime Commission (CCC) is investigating Mr Mallard's wrongful conviction for the 1994 murder of jeweller Pamela Lawrence.
Mr Mallard spent 12 years in jail before his conviction was quashed.
The officers were involved in gathering evidence against Mr Mallard.
They are Assistant Commissioners Mal Shervill and David Caporn, Superintendent John Brandham, Senior Sergeant Alan Carter and Sergeant Mark Emmett.
The CCC has been urged to make adverse findings against the officers including 11 against Assistant Commissioner Caporn and 9 against Assistant Commissioner Shervill.
The Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan said in a statement the five men would remain stood aside from police duties.

He said they would be involved in duties such as emergency management business planning.
"My legal advice instructs that it would be premature and unsafe to pre-empt the Acting Commissioner's findings, he said.

"As Mr Jeremy Gormly (Counsel Assisting the inquiry) has stressed several times to Acting Commissioner Dunford, the submissions that are made by counsel assisting don't in any way amount to findings or opinions or assessments, they are simply submissions for Mr Dunford to consider.
"These officers have high level skills and are being paid decent wages. The public rightly expect a return on their investment and it would be untenable to have these officers sitting at home on full pay."
The officers have consistently rejected allegations of misconduct, and Mr O'Callaghan says he will not decide their long term future until the CCC hands down its report about April next year.
The Police Union says assigning the officers to desk duties will not harm their reputations.
The Union's Mike Dean says it is a fair move.
"These officers are highly skilled and it would be a total waste to send them home, and I believe the best use for the public's money is to utilise them in a non-threatening area where they can make a useful contribution," he said.
Topics: courts-and-trials, law-crime-and-justice, murder-and-manslaughter, judges-and-legal-profession, police, perth-6000, wa

First posted 14 Dec 200

​https://www.abc.net.au/news/2007-12-14/mallard-five-assigned-desk-duties/988666​​

The Nugan Hand Scandal (Redux)
Plain Sight Productions
In early 1980, the body of Francis Nugan was found inside his car in rural Australia. Ruled a suicide, his death led to the collapse of a merchant bank he had founded with ex-Green Beret Michael Hand. Subsequent revelations about the true purpose of their Nugan Hand bank would rock Australia's drug trade, as well as its protectors in the local police and Central Intelligence Agency. This sparked a cleaning up process inside the underworld, which saw some flee the country while others wound up dead or missing. Established in 1973, the bank handled money for covert CIA operations in East Asia and the South Pacific. Of particular importance was the Agency's assets in organised crime, a relationship that dated back to the end of the Chinese Civil War. After being driven from the mainland, some of the Nationalist "Kuomintang" forces had regrouped in Laos, where they fought local paramilitaries for control of the Poppy fields. In the end, both sides were quickly routed by the troops of Royal Laotian Army Major-General Ouane Rattikone in 1966. Afterwards, Rattikone himself took control of the Opium trade for himself in the aftermath, forming an alliance with the Americans, who ordered the Kuomintang not to cause trouble. As a result, the Laotian Army became the region's foremost drug dealer with logistical support from the CIA owned "Air America" While a significant part of the profits went into lining the pockets of Rattikone and his underlings, some naturally went into fighting the global war against Communism. By this point, the United States had dragged itself into direct involvement in Vietnam, with Laos serving as a key ally in the region. In allowing them to grow rich of selling dope to wealthy Westerners, the CIA was working to strengthen the might of the Laotian monarchy, which needed little promoting to fight either the Vietcong or its domestic equivalent. While a large chunk of the Laotian Heroin went to the United States, the nearby country of Australia was also an important market. The South Pacific's foremost drug distributers at this time was an alliance of New Zealanders Terry Clark and Marty Johnstone with Australian Robert Trimbole, a network labelled the "Mr Asia" syndicate by the press. Having coalesced around the same time as the creation of Nugan Hand, the Clark-Trimbole gang's violent end also coincided with the bank's sudden collapse. Having already fled numerous murder charges in Australia, Clark ordered an underling to kill Johnstone, who had himself relocated to England. The mutilated body was found and identified by local police however, and the case soon led back to Clark. Arrested and imprisoned in 1983, he would die there, aged just 39, from an apparent heart attack. It was reported that shortly before his death, Clark had offered to expose the people who had actually in charge of the syndicate, which may have well implicated figures powerful enough to arrange for his death. At any rate, Clark was in no state to talk. Trimbole was slightly luckier, making it into his 50s before dying a free man in a Spanish hospital a few years after Clark. In 2015, Michael Hand was finally tracked down to a small town in Idaho, having since re-invented himself as Michael Fuller. The former special forces officer had entered the tactical knife business, with clients including law enforcement and the military, likely a means of channeling hush money to one of the few people in the world with knowledge of Nugan Hand's inner workings. So far, this appears to have worked. Despite the many crimes facilitated by the bank, not a single person has faced charges relating to their association with it.
Category: 

Who Is The Drug King of the Golden Triangle? (1994)
Journeyman Pictures
Khun Sa - Opium Warlord (1994): One of the world's most dangerous warlords and most powerful drug king-pins, Khun Sa ran a heroin-fuelled empire complete with a 20,000 man private army. For similar stories see our Drug Wars playlist: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Uubee... The Drug Fuelling Conflict In Syria http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ke13J... Every Drug is Legal in Portugal (2011) https://youtu.be/-BdA0Wod-_M Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c... For downloads and more information visit: https://www.journeyman.tv/film/40/khu... Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpi... Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures The American Drug Enforcement Agency says Khun Sa's army protects his drug interests, but Khun Sa says it's to continue his fight against the Burmese. He proclaimed independence for his Shan land from Burma in 1993. Ho Mong, Khun Sa's headquarters, is the size of a small city. A thousand new army recruits, all children, parade through a maze of well planned roads, houses, schools, temples and hospitals. The soldiers, often just nine years old, are press-ganged into service - many will never see their homes again. If they run away one of their family is executed. In 1977 Khun Sa promised to stop the opium trade in exchange for independence from Burma. To prove his innocence Khun Sa shows the pits in the ground where drug addicts are reformed. But the whole area, from growers to addicts, relies on the drug trade. In the Temple of the Last Chance Buddhist monks detoxify pathetic young Thai drug addicts by administering a herb drink makes them throw up. Journeyman Pictures - Ref. 0040

Ms Glennon's body was found three weeks after she went missing from Claremont. - ABC NEWS

The CIA, Drug Trafficking and American Politics: The Political Economy of War
The Film Archives
The CIA supported various Afghan rebel commanders, such as Mujahideen leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who were fighting against the government of Afghanistan and the forces of the Soviet Union which were its supporters. More on this topic: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=U... Historian Alfred W. McCoy stated that: "In most cases, the CIA's role involved various forms of complicity, tolerance or studied ignorance about the trade, not any direct culpability in the actual trafficking ... [t]he CIA did not handle heroin, but it did provide its drug lord allies with transport, arms, and political protection. In sum, the CIA's role in the Southeast Asian heroin trade involved indirect complicity rather than direct culpability." In order to provide covert funds for the Kuomintang (KMT) forces loyal to General Chiang Kai-shek, who were fighting the Chinese communists under Mao Zedong, the CIA helped the KMT smuggle opium from China and Burma to Bangkok, Thailand, by providing airplanes owned by one of their front businesses, Air America. Released on April 13, 1989, the Kerry Committee report concluded that members of the U.S. State Department "who provided support for the Contras were involved in drug trafficking... and elements of the Contras themselves knowingly received financial and material assistance from drug traffickers." In 1996 Gary Webb wrote a series of articles published in the San Jose Mercury News, which investigated Nicaraguans linked to the CIA-backed Contras who had smuggled cocaine into the U.S. which was then distributed as crack cocaine into Los Angeles and funneled profits to the Contras. The CIA was aware of the cocaine transactions and the large shipments of drugs into the U.S. by the Contra personnel and directly aided drug dealers to raise money for the Contras. Although he heavily implied CIA involvement, Webb never claimed to have made a direct link between the CIA and the Contras. Moreover, Webb's articles were heavily attacked by many media outlets who questions the validity of his claims, although the unusual response led some to question if the CIA was involved.[citation needed] Webb turned the articles into a book called, Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion." On December 10, 2004, Webb committed suicide, dying of two gunshot wounds to the head. In 1996, CIA Director John M. Deutch went to Los Angeles to attempt to refute the allegations raised by the Webb articles, and was famously confronted by former Los Angeles Police Department officer Michael Ruppert, who testified that he had witnessed it occurring. The CIA has been accused of moneylaundering the iran-contra drug funds via the BCCI, the former U.S. Commissioner of Customs William von Raab said that when customs agents raided the bank in 1988, they found numerous CIA accounts. The CIA also worked with BCCI in arming and financing the Afghan mujahideen during the Afghan War against the Soviet Union, using BCCI to launder proceeds from trafficking heroin grown in the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands, boosting the flow of narcotics to European and U.S. markets. 

Con Bayens, former head of a WA prostitution Taskforce, says he could have met the Claremont killer...

serious questions are asked as to why Con Bayens, former head of a WA prostitution Taskforce has not been called by the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia as a witness in the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards who has been accused of  being the sole person that planned and carries out the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon 

Con Bayens, former head of a WA prostitution Taskforce appeared on the TV program ..."Why we didn't catch the Claremont Killer?" which aired on Australian Television on Sunday Night•31 May 2015...
Reporter: Steve Pennells | Producers: Lisa Ryan, Debi Marshall
Sunday Night•31 May 2015

https://au.news.yahoo.com/why-we-didnt-catch-the-claremont-killer-28288144.html

The former head of the Western Australian Police task-force responsible for catching the notorious Claremont killer has spoken out about the investigation that never hit its mark.
It’s haunted investigators for nearly two decades. Australia’s biggest and most expensive police investigation into the Claremont murders has never been solved.
Paul Ferguson, the former head of the taskforce charged with finding the serial killer, has spoken out to try and generate new leads.
"I gave up two years of my life working on the Macro task-force. I know that the offender thinks at this stage that he is/she is/they are smart and they've got away with it," Ferguson told Sunday Night.
"That's why I'm talking to you because WA Police have chosen not to be part of this program. And, yeah, I'm fully aware of that."
After he was removed as head of Macro task-force in 1997 David Caporn was appointed but also had no luck finding the killer.
But the former head of WA’s prostitution task-force, Con Bayens, told Sunday Night that Macro’s secrecy and obsessive focus on one suspect derailed the investigation behind the scenes.

All victims of Perth's notorious Claremont serial killer, 27-year-old Ciara Glennon, 23-year-old Jane Rimmer, and 18-year-old Sarah Spiers were intelligent women who were abducted during a night out in Claremont, WA.
Their fateful nights unfolded with chilling similarity. They began with drinks at beachside Cottesloe and moved on to neighbouring Claremont. Both decided late in the evening to leave the pack and go it alone.
Ciara and Jane's bodies were both found dumped in bushland.
"The fact that the body was just dumped could mean a number of things. First and foremost it means he's arrogant... He wanted the body found," Paul Ferguson said.

The women were all similar in appearance and age and particular focus was given to taxi drivers in the hunt for the killer.
Bayens said he picked up a man in Highgate, an area notorious for prostitution, with all the hallmarks of a killer, but he was ignored by those in charge.
He stopped a man he believed to be loitering in an unmarked police car.

"The boot was lined in blue plastic. There were wire ties, a pair of pliers, some masking tape," Bayens said.
"We had one girl murdered, we had another one missing. He could have been the killer."
But Bayens said he was told by the head of the taskforce that they already had their man.
He never saw a response to the brief he prepared on the man in Highgate, despite his striking similarities to the killer profile.
"What happened in Highgate that night, what I saw that night, has haunted me for a lot of years," Bayens said.
The man Macro set its sights on was a public servant named Lance Williams.
Williams always maintained his innocence and after years of heavy scrutiny, including round-the-clock surveillance, he was simply dropped as a suspect without explanation.
As our program was going to air, WA police responded to our queries about the brief prepared by Bayens.

Read the full correspondence here.
They claim Bayens did receive a response, which he adamantly denies.
"This seems to me that the Macro task-force was a situation where police have really mucked up and now we have got a cover up, and that's the saddest part. That they never said 'we made a mistake'."
Paul Ferguson says he wants to renew the search for the killer in the hope of finding justice and peace, particularly for Sarah's family.
Unlike the other women, Sarah Spiers was never found. Her father has spent nearly 20 years following every lead he can to locate her body.
"Most parents expect their children to go to their funeral," Ferguson said.
"When you raise a child and that person is in their late teens, early 20s, and they're murdered, the family have to... come to the realisation that they've lost their child, they've outlived their child and the trauma that the child went to prior to the death."

If you can help investigators, call Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000.



Tributes flow for WA business giant Len Buckeridge, who died today age 77 after an illness
UPDATE: WA business giant Len Buckeridge, one of the state’s richest men, has died aged 77 after a long battle with illness.

by Emily Moulton and Peter Law

https://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/tributes-flow-for-wa-business-giant-len-buckeridge-who-died-today-age-77-after-an-illness/news-story/e2e996cdb6f6e14a088a7f944470f879

​WA business giant Len Buckeridge, one of the state’s richest men, has died, aged 77, after a long battle with illness.
The Peppermint Grove billionaire businessman died at his home at 8.15am yesterday, his sister Margaret Halcombe said.

Mr Buckeridge, who was worth an estimated $2.56 billion, was the head of construction group BGC (Buckeridge Group of Companies), which has built a number of Perth’s major buildings, the most recent being Perth Arena, now feted as a state-of-the-art concert and sports venue.


PerthNow would like to hear your best stories and anecdotes about Len Buckeridge. Email staff@perthnow.com.au or leave a comment below.
Mr Buckeridge had been in poor health for some time.
But that had not quelled his appetite for a business battle, with a billion-dollar lawsuit continuing against the state government over a private port development.

Mr Buckeridge claimed several state governments had failed to honour a 2000 agreement allowing a consortium led by the BGC to build and operate the port at James Point.
And his relationship with the state government was also strained over delays in his company construction of the Perth Arena, with costs blowing out to triple the original budget to almost $550 million.
Mr Buckeridge originally trained as an architect, building his first high-rise apartment blocks in Perth.
Being able to supply most of his building projects with products from his own factories allowed BGC to become a construction giant, although a weakening demand for building materials particularly in WA had reduced his fortune in recent years.

TRIBUTES: A character, an old warhorse, a man of vision
Premier Colin Barnett has paid tribute to Mr Buckeridge saying he was one of the state’s “great characters”.
“He built a remarkably successful company in BGC, which today employs more than 4300 people, and has fostered great loyalty from his staff,” he said.
“He never shied away from a fight, and certainly never shied away from contentious issues. Len lived in my electorate and I would often see him around the area – he always had some advice to give me, regardless of whether I necessarily wanted to hear it!
“While he was often seen as a hard man in business, he was extraordinarily generous in the community and was always willing to help out local groups and sporting clubs.
“I extend my condolences to his wife, Tootsie, and his children.”


Former construction union heavyweight Kevin Reynolds, who had many clashes with the BGC boss over the years, described Mr Buckeridge as a “tough, old war horse” who was prepared to take anyone to task.
”I had known Len for 40 years and we have had many disputes and blues over those times,” Mr Reynolds said. “I wouldn’t say those were fond memories.
“He was a tough old war horse. We battled it out over many issues.
“He was a major employer in the industry and didn’t like unions and we didn’t like some of the things he did. At the end of the day we had to tolerate one another.”

Asked if he was ever surprised by the length the businessman would go to when it came to his company, Mr Reynolds said no.

“Nothing surprised me with Len, he had plenty of money. He fought governments, he fought unions and anyone he felt he needed and we ended up in court with him on many occasions,” he said.
“He had a particular hatred for the union officials.
“But during the construction of the entertainment centre, he begrudgingly had to admit the union workers he had on the project were the most skilful he had ever employed.
“I can remember him saying to me that he had to employ all these ‘bloody commo union bastards but at least they knew what they were doing’. He was having a dig but he knew the unionised workforce were the skilled workers. And he said so.”

Perth Lord Mayor Lisa Scaffidi said Mr Buckeridge was a friend and a “WA treasure”.
“It is a devastating loss,” Ms Scaffidi said. “Many people didn’t know the person that Len Buckeridge was. He was a really loveable larrikin and yet a very intelligent man.
“He was a man of vision. A lot of people don’t realise the great charity work he did behind the scenes, he never wanted the accolades. He used to donate to a lot of charities without telling people, on the quiet.
“In terms of construction, he was always a big picture guy. Look at the companies he has developed and the amount of his concrete that is a number of buildings around our greater city.”
Master Builders Director Michael McLean said that the death of Mr Buckeridge was a sad day for the building industry in Western Australia.
“Len Buckeridge was an industry powerhouse who pioneered affordable housing and freedom of association in the commercial building sector,” Mr McLean said.
He said Mr Buckeridge had a “can-do” attitude who through his company BGC, developed a diverse range of building products and affordable housing types.
“The fruits of many of Len’s initiatives will continue to benefit Western Australian homebuyers for many decades.”


PREVIOUS HEART SURGERY
Mrs Halcombe said her brother had been unwell for a long time and had previously undergone heart surgery.
She said Mr Buckeridge worked every day, despite his health, and his death came as a huge shock.
“He did have a lot of health issues and was moving very, very slowly, but I thought he would go on for at least another 10 years maybe,” she said.
Mrs Halcombe spoke to her brother yesterday and said he was “in good form” and “cracking funnies”.
She received a telephone call this morning from Mr Buckeridge’s son, Sam, to say he had passed away at home.
A doctor attended and pronounced him dead.

“He was battling on. He’s just been up to Singapore actually,” she said.
“It’s terribly sad. He’s such a huge man, such a creative man. Larger than life, wonderful and creative.
“It’s such a terrible loss. He had so much more still to do.
“He was such a ‘big picture man’, but he was also fun, so much fun to grow up with.
“He was wonderful and I will miss him so.”

By Mr Buckeridge’s request, a private funeral will be held within 24 hours in line with Jewish tradition.

A memorial will take place at a later date, Mrs Halcombe said.
“I thought if he ever retired that would kill him, I didn’t think he would die this soon and that’s why it’s such a shock,” she said.
“I thought he would go on forever because he has always been such a larger than life person.”

Asked what her brother’s proudest achievement was, Mrs Halcombe said: “There have been many, many achievements, just look around.
“Even the fact of how many people he employed and how his staff thought so much of him.
“He has done a huge amount, but he unfortunately had quite a lot of fights along the way – mostly with the establishment.
“He went to the core of the matter, he dispensed with established convention.
“He learnt to go against the rules when they were wrong and often they were wrong. It cost him dearly in legal fees to fight it, but he would win.
“He achieved a hell of lot, a very influential man. I don’t know of anyone else in our time who has achieved quite as much.”

 Ciara Glennon, 27, had only just returned to Perth after a year of travel when she vanished. (Fairfax Media)

Jane Rimmer's body was found in a clearing amid dense vegetation at Wellard, south of Perth.

​CSK: Cross marking where Jane Rimmer's body was found - ABC NEWS

 CIA, Secret Right-Wing Team, Drugs, Arms Smuggling, & Money laundering Nugan Hand Bank (CBS News)
https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2008/6/21/514808/-  
Brigate Democrazia
Brigate Democrazia Joined in 2008
Community
Saturday June 21, 2008  


It was front-page news when General Manuel Noreiga of Panama was linked to the Cocaine trade. Hell it's page one news when university students get busted for dope. But what happens when a dozen or more "Gringo Noreigas" get caught up in the drug business. As one might expect when it comes to our own governments drug dealing shenanigans media coverage is almost always suppressed or buried on page 20.  
On rare occasions some elements of the so called "Liberal" mainstream news media manage to get it right. In regards to the Nugan Hand CIA Drug Bank the Wall Street Journal and CBS Evening News were the only top echelon news media to cover this vital information. In the early 1980's the big 3 Networks NBC , CBS, and ABC still dominated the televised News as CNN was still in it's infancy and FOX was still only a Hollywood studio. Yet the only TV Network that reported this extremely important news was CBS and only one time.
It's an important part of history that was stolen from the American People because it exposed the power elite who under the guise of national security commit all types of horrendous crimes throughout the world. If the Nugan Hand bank scandal had been the top story of every media outlet in America then Iran Contra would never have taken place because it involved most of the same secret right wing thugs.
This stunning clip from CBS hasn't been publicly aired in the 26 years since that broadcast.

Summary
THE NUGAN HAND BANK

In early 1980 Frank Nugan, c-founder of the Australian-based Nugan Hand Bank, was found shot dead in his car at Bowenfels, near Lithgow, in New South Wales Australia which is about 100 miles due west of Sydney.
The Australian bank Nugan Hand Ltd. was run by former CIA and U.S. Military Officers. It served as a "laundry" for Illicit heroin and arms syndicates which it also helped to finance. The bank collapsed following Nugans death.
The bank's officials were made up of retired U.S. Military and CIA personnel. Admiral Earl P. Yates, former chief of the Navy's Pacific strategies; General Leroy J. Manor, former chief of staff for the U.S. Pacific command; General Erle Cocke Jr. and General Edwin F. Black; Walter MacDonald, former CIA deputy director; William Colby, former CIA director; and Nugan's co-founder, Michael Hand, a former Green Beret-CIA operative who worked with Oliver North in VIETNAM and LAOS.
Nugan Hand Banks , Michael Jon Hand, a former Green Beret-CIA operative in Laos, disappeared shortly after the bank collapsed. The investigation showed strong links between the bank and Hand's CIA superiors in Laos—Theodore Shackley and Thomas Clines—as well as with former CIA and Navy Intelligence agent Edwin Wilson.
Wilson's long-time partner, Frank Terpil, explained Nugan Hand's role in the CIA drug wars in a 1983 interview: "Where do the drugs come from? Laos. Who is the boss of Clines? Shackley. Where do they come from? Laos. The pilot...was Secord. What was on the plane? Gold. He was going...to pay off the warlords, the drug lords. Now what do you do with all the opium? You reinvest it in your own operations. Billions of dollars—not millions—billions. Where did the money come from? Nugan Hand."
Mr. Hand was also one of Oliver Norths good buddies. Colonel North was also involved with the Nugan -Hand Drug milieu.  

The one person who deserves the most credit for this story ever making into the US mainstream media is the late Jonathan Kwitny who for 2 decades was the Wall Street Journals top investigative reporter. In August 1982 the Wall Street Journal ran three consecutive front page articles by Kwitny. Then the story laid dormant for a month until CBS ran this video. It was Kwitnys series that compelled CBS to cover the story in the first place. It was Kwitnys series that compelled CBS to cover the story in the first place. In 1987 after Kwitny turned his files into a book he was quietly forced to resign from the Wall Street Journal.

kw
So when agents steal, when they facilitate drug deals, how far does the patriotic cloak granted by national policy stretch to cover them? Should any act, no matter how wrong, be covered up to avoid embarrassing our national security program?
Who decides—the very people who run the program? And by what measure? Is the cover-up really to protect our country's security—or just to protect the politicians and bureaucrats who should be held to account?
Kwitny, Jonathan. The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money, and the CIA. New York: W.W. Norton, 1987. 424 pages.
There is a growing tendency towards self censorship in mainstream American Journalism that I have viewed with alarm for a long time. It has been especially dangerous since 9/11 but even before that tragic day our media has been somewhat restricted. It's quite obvious that the murky world of the CIA is one of endless drug smuggling, dealing in arms, coups, coverups, and murder-for-hire.  
Iran Contra (Cocaine) wasn't the only US Intelligence illegal Drug and Arms smuggling scandal to emerge in the 1980's in fact it wasn't even the biggest. That honor belongs to the collapse of the Nugan Hand Bank Ltd. which occurred in 1980. It actually involved most of the same right wing team that were behind sending arms to Iran and Cocaine into the US.
It should also be noted that Jack Anderson covered this story in 1984 after he uncovered a similar CIA-DRUGS BANK in Honolulu operated by some of the same people.

CIAseal_bkg
Besides Jack Anderson the only other mainstream US newsman that covered the Kwitny series  was Fred McGunagle a top investigative reporter based in Cleveland OHIO. He actually felt this was the story of the year unfortunately he had taken a high paying job at a medium sized paper after working 25 years at The CLEVELAND PRESS and The CLEVELAND PLAIN DEALER. McGunagle was the main reporter on the Dr. SHEPPARD MURDER CASE which was the basis for the TV series and movie THE FUGITIVE.

Chronicle-Telegram
NOVEMBER 14, 1982
CIA involved in Australian Watergate?
FRED McGUNAGLE


A combination of journalistic jealousy and indifference has kept most Americans from learning about what has to be the most fascinating story of the year.
More significantly, it has allowed American intelligence agencies to stonewall about their role in what appears to be an export version of Watergate. The story has been Page One news in Australia for two years and it was detailed by reporter Jonathan Kwitny in a Wall Street Journal series in August. It has been largely ignored by other news agencies.
It appeared to be closely involved with drug suppliers in the "Golden Triangle" of Indochina and their dealers in the United States. Police even found a link to the contract murder of three drug informers.
I was fascinated by Kwitny's series and looked forward to seeing the story picked up by other newspapers and TV networks. I didn't, So this week I called Kwitny, who is now back in New York. He said CBS News had carried a brief segment and United Press International had sent out a story quoting the Wall Street Journal, That's all he's aware of. "I'm not surprised," he said. "There's a very unfortunate tradition among the major newspapers not to give each other credit. We do the same thing to them. The reader is the loser."
ONE EXCEPTION to that tradition occurred 10 years, ago. Nixon Administration officials were able to ignore the first Watergate stories in the Washington Post, but when the New York Times, CBS and Time Magazine started chipping away at their coverup, they were forced to go along with investigations.

So far there's been little pressure on the Nugan Hand case, though Kwitny said he is still working on the story.
"There are unanswered questions," he said. "There are people in Washington who could shed light on them if they were made to talk, if there was enough heat put on them."
Nugan Hand Bank was established in 1973 in Australia to launder the CIA's Heroin profits and fund CIA covert operations around the world. When it collapsed in 1980 it was worth 1 Billion dollars which is about 3 Billion today. Nugan Hand was covered quite extensively by the world press who didn't bury the story like nearly all of the mainstream American media did. I have several articles in this diary from quite a number of Australian and United Kingdom newspapers that cover this story in great detail. 


 FRANCIS JOHN NUGAN 
a member of one of Australia's wealthiest families (Nugan Group) chairman and half-owner of the bank; shot dead in his Mercedes.

Sun Herald
CIA LINKED TO COLLAPSE OF US SMALL BANKS
Frank Walker
13/10/1990

THE CIA may have secretly ripped off US banks and used the money to finance illegal schemes such as the Iran-Contra affair and covert operations in South-East Asia.Reports are surfacing of shadowy figures, involved in the more bizarre covert actions of the CIA, being linked to the collapse of several banks and the disappearance of billions of dollars.
Leads to the missing millions have taken reporters and investigators to deserted airstrips in Central America, empty hangars in Kansas City and through the maze of the Iran-Contra affair to sordid kickback deals to mobsters, lawyers and politicians. Weaving through it all is a shady collection of secret agents, adventurers, crooks, super patriots and mercenaries whose names crop up time and again in the strangest places.
If readers in Australia think this sounds familiar, they need only hark back to the torrid days of the failed Nugan Hand Bank.
Several names associated with Nugan Hand have surfaced in the recent bank collapses in the US. The pattern of plundering depositors' funds and laundering money seen in the Nugan Hand case has been repeated in the US banking crash.


Among the strange CIA links raised by the investigators:

The principals of EATSCO were CIA agent Edwin Wilson (later jailed for 57 years for running guns to Libya) and three men who also popped up in both the Nugan Hand and Iran-Contra affair - Thomas Clines, Ted Shackley and General Richard Secord.
Clines directed some covert operations for the CIA and was an associate of Michael Hand, the former CIA agent who made up half the Nugan Hand Bank. He is awaiting sentencing on a tax fraud conviction.
Shackley was a top CIA official who frequently dealt with Hand. Secord had links to the Nugan Hand people and was the chief organiser of Oliver North's scheme to sell weapons to Iran and use the money to illegally fund the Nicaraguan Contras.
Houston Post reporter Peter Brewton says he found evidence that 22 small banks had been looted of hundreds of millions of dollars by figures with ties to the CIA or the Mafia, and in many cases both.
MICHAEL JON HAND Bronx-born Green Beret war hero, CIA operative, vice-chairman and half-owner of the bank, pal of dope-dealers and of retired and not-so-retired military-intelligence officials; now one of the world's most wanted men.  

Sydney Morning Herald
NORTH ROLE IN SECRET NETWORK SCRUTINISED
By PAUL SHEEHAN
11/03/1987


WASHINGTON, Tuesday: Congressional investigators now believe Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver North was part of a secret right-wing network whose operations stretched all the way to Australia. "He's part of a network that has been operating for years," said a congressional investigator who insisted on anonymity.
Mr Julian Weiner, an aide to Senator John Kerry, told the Herald: "

We were investigating Ollie North long before this scandal (the Iran arms affair)broke. He's been into a lot of things."
Mr Weiner said investigators now knew the covert activities of Colonel North and his associates went well beyond the secret arms sale to Iran and the channelling of funds to the Nicaraguan Contra guerillas.
For years, a network of right-wing operatives, mostly present and former CIA agents, have secretly pursued their own objectives outside congressional scrutiny. Much of the financing has come from US conservatives.
Investigators are working back through Colonel North's association with former Air Force Major-General Richard Secord to the activities of the failed Australia-based Nugan Hand Bank.
Sydney Morning Herald
NUGAN HAND LINKED TO NORTH
Author: By KEITH SCHNEIDER
09/03/1987

WASHINGTON, Sunday: A US Senate committee is examining a link between the failed Sydney-based Nugan Hand Bank and several former military and intelligence officers who helped Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver North ship weapons to Iran and Central America. The committee also is examining whether bank officials acted as US intelligence agents while conducting legal and illegal operations for profit.
The collapse of the Nugan Hand Bank in 1980 came amid charges that it had laundered money earned from weapons and illicit drug sales.
During the seven years it was in business, according to the Joint Task Force study, the Nugan Hand Bank was engaged in a wide range of legitimate and illegal activities conducted from offices and mail drops in 13 countries, including the US, the Cayman Islands, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
The report named 26 reputed drug dealers and provided a schedule of drug traffickers.
Hand and his bank, the report said, also took part in the movement by the US Navy of a "spy vessel" to the Iranian Navy in 1976.
Hand was said to have taken part in both of these transactions with Edwin Wilson, a former CIA agent and head of a secret naval intelligence group called Task Force 157. Wilson was arrested in 1982 and later was convicted of selling arms and plastic explosives to Libya.

WILLIAM COLBY Retired as Director of CIA after a long career in clandestine services, top lawyer for Nugan Hand Bank. Colby ran the Phoenix program which murdered  20,000-40,000 Vietnamese and neutralized another 80,000 for this he was awarded the top job at the CIA which he held from 1973-1976

ADMIRAL EARL YATES chief of U.S. strategic planning for Asia and the Pacific; president of the Nugan Hand Bank. 
There has been no proof that any of us were involved in, or knew about, any traffic in drugs, illegal sales of arms, or money laundering. . .. We are the true patriots, and our only imprudence was to have trusted in a colleague. To stir up this matter further, voluntarily or involuntarily, would benefit the interests of the Soviet Union and the disinformation services of the KGB.

Rear-Admiral Earl P. Yates

President of Nugan Hand Bank
GENERAL LEROY J. MANOR Was chief of staff for U.S. Pacific Command, U.S. Government liaison with Philippine President Marcos, ran Nugan Hand Philippine office. 

GENERAL EDWIN F. BLACK Was colleague and pal of CIA bosses Allen Dulles and Richard Helms, boasted of being involved in "right-wing" groups, ran the Nugan Hand Hawaii office. 
GENERAL ERLE COCKE JR international management consultant  headed the American Legion, ran the Nugan Hand Washington DC office. 
SUNDAY AGE
Perot pursues the Nugan Hand link
Author: Roger Franklin
Date: 06/06/1992
TO the long list of those who would like to see the mysteries of the Nugan Hand bank revealed once and for all, add the name of maverick US presidential candidate Ross Perot.
Although Mr Perot has never spoken on the record about what is evidently a deep fascination with Nugan Hand's labyrinthian world of ex-CIA agents, drug smugglers, gun runners and missing millions, friends say that the Texan billionaire has been quietly collecting information about the rogue bank since its collapse more than 10 years ago.
According to published reports in two American news magazines, Mr Perot sees Nugan Hand as part of a much larger conspiracy reaching to the highest levels of successive US administrations _ a conspiracy whose tangled threads he believes may well lead all the way to the George Bush.
Mr Perot became interested in Nugan Hand via his self-financed campaign to find and free the captured US servicemen he believes were abandoned by Washington in Laos at the conclusion of the Vietnam War.
The lack of co-operation, he believes, is part of a wide-ranging cover-up he attributes to a desire by elements of the US intelligence community to conceal their long and profitable relationship with the warlords and opium growers of the Golden Triangle.
If Washington applied pressure, the Perot theory asserts, the drug growers and shippers would undoubtedly reveal the full and sordid story.
With its proven drug connections and board initially composed entirely of men with close ties to Air America, the CIA ``airline" that regularly shipped opium out of the Golden Triangle for the Hmong tribesmen who produced it, Nugan Hand fits perfectly into his theory.
And since George Bush was once head of the CIA, Mr Perot believes that he must be part of the cover-up
Americans have a right to the truth. If the United States is to survive as a Democracy it's citizens must know their own history and only then will they realize what the people in power have done. Kwitny was correct about these self proclaimed Patriots who used War on Communism , War on Drugs, and now the War on Terror to inflict more harm than what they claim to be at war with.  

A $4 billion-a-year urine-testing industry, a trillion dollar failed drug war with 1.5 million people in prison on drug offenses alone. Hell it wasn't even as issue during the debates even though we lock up more people than any other regime in histroy yes that includes Hitler and Stalin.

The American people are being screwed under the banner of the war on drugs. It has been estimated that we the taxpayers pay an average of about 1500 dollars each year on this charade. The cost doesn't cover the imprisonment of 1.5 million drug offenders. This is a travesty because that 1500 could be used for something positive like a national healthcare system for those who can't afford the insurance.

Sadly since the end of World War II the US Government is largely a Counterfeit Structure and it's motives have nothing to do with what's good for it's citizens. I would even go as far to say that those currently in control of the US government are the biggest threat to the American people. The most sinister act of all in my opinion is those who claim to be on global crusade against terrorism to save us when in fact they through violent self-righteousness and suicidal arrogance,are leading us to our eventual Doom.

PHOTO: Former police officer Robert Hemelaar was present at the examination of Ciara Glennon's body. (ABC News: David Weber)

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Poisoning America: The Devil we Know — Stephanie Soechtig, Atlas Films
THE DEVIL WE KNOW
THE CHEMISTRY OF A COVER-UP

Click here to view the trailer of THE DEVIL WE KNOW
https://itunes.apple.com/us/movie/the-devil-we-know/id1434171206

https://thedevilweknow.com/
https://itunes.apple.com/us/movie/the-devil-we-know/id1434171206
The Devil We Know
 Critics Consensus100%
Documentary
1 Hour 28 Minutes
2018
 4.7, 26 Ratings
Tucked in the rolling hills of West Virginia, the town of Parkersburg is described by those who live there as an idyllic place to raise a family. It's also home to a sprawling DuPont chemical plant that manufactures Teflon. Wilbur Tennant’s family farm was located next to a “non-hazardous” landfill operated by the chemical company. When he noticed his cows were mysteriously dying, he filmed what was happening on the farm, and the toxic legacy of C8 – DuPont's Teflon chemical – was discovered. Then one autumn day in 2000, local schoolteacher Joe Kiger opened his mail and found a letter in his water bill informing him that C8 was in his drinking water, but safe for consumption. The trail of deception he and his wife Darlene uncovered made the sleepy town of Parkersburg the epicenter of one of the largest class action lawsuits in the history of environmental law. Internal documents and secret in-house studies reveal a disturbing truth: DuPont had knowingly been pumping a poisonous chemical into the air and public water supply of more than 70,000 people for decades. Bucky Bailey, the son of a former DuPont worker named Sue, is now 35 and happily married. But Bucky was born with severe facial deformities. As he awaits the birth of his first child, geneticists have warned him and his wife Melinda that there is a 50% chance the baby will inherit the deformities he attributes to sky-high levels of C8 in his blood. As the citizens of Parkersburg rise up against the forces that polluted their town, the story builds out to dozens of other American cities. Exposure to the chemical has even become a global phenomenon, spreading to places like China, Australia, and the Netherlands. Parkersburg is ground zero for this story, but this clearly is not about one place or one chemical: because of the power of the chemical lobby, C8 is one of more than 80,000+ untested chemicals that have been approved for use, their dangers unknown.

 Ted Shakley_"The Ghost" CIA Operative involved in the CIA Back Nugan Hand Bank
Please see: 
http://www.awn.bz/NuganHandBank_CIA_Drugs.html


ON NOVEMBER 6 THE PRIME MINISTER PUBLICLY REPEATED THE ALLEGATION THAT HE KNEW OF TWO INSTANCES IN WHICH CIA MONEY HAD BEEN USED TO INFLUENCE DOMESTIC AUSTRALIAN POLITICS. SIMULTANEOUSLY PRESS COVERAGE IN AUSTRALIA WAS SUCH THAT A NUMBER OF CIA MEMBERS SERVING IN AUSTRALIA HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED 
ON 2 NOVEMBER THE PM OF AUSTRALIA MADE A STATEMENT AT ALICE SPRINGS TO THE EFFECT THAT THE CIA HAD BEEN FUNDING ANTHONY'S NATIONAL COUNTRY PARTY IN AUSTRALIA. 

'wider discussion will promote a better understanding of the law and what the courts are doing.... ..perhaps judges no longer enjoy the status which their predecessors enjoyed......if that is so, judges do  not stand alone, there are a number of casualties of the general decline in respect for institutions and authority.... ...........although judicial eminence was sacrosanct for centuries it was different today..... there is now a new demand for openness ... the media, if not the people want to know how power is being exercised today....'.....year 2000, Justice Sir Anthony Mason, previous Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia
'...There is no defense against an evil which only the victims and the perpetrators know exists..'... a former English High Court Judge and Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander of the Thirty-First Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Rite .....there are only about 400  appointed in the world..
'.....It may be a revelation to many people that the global drug trade is controlled and run by the intelligence agencies. In this global drug trade, British intelligence reigns supreme. As intelligence insiders know MI5 and MI6 control many of the other intelligence agencies in the world (CIA, MOSSAD etc) in a vast web of intrigue and corruption that has its global power base in the city of London, the square mile.......'....
James Casbolt, who worked for MI6 in 'black ops' cocaine trafficking with the IRA and MOSSAD in London and Brighton between 1995 and 1999. James Casbolt's  father Peter Casbolt was also MI6 and worked with the CIA and mafia in Rome, trafficking cocaine into Britain.
'It is likely that, as the reader completes this book, despair will replace curiosity, especially if his explanation of the events being reviewed has never been explored before. That is an unfortunate consequence of my research, and the author is sorry that he must be the bearer of such bad tidings. Despair, however, and reasonably be replaced with cautious optimism. The battle is not yet over, there is reason to be encouraged, but you are the final participant. What happens will largely depend on your action once you've read this book'......
'......The ultimate purpose of this Conspiracy is power. There are some who desire this more than even material goods, although the two frequently go together......'
……Ralf A. Epperson- The Author of the Unseen Hand

'....Who were the senior MI6 and MI5 agents in the tunnel on the night of the crash? Why was Klaus Werner deported after standing vigil outside Diana’s apartment? All these questions and much more are answered in this film....'.....A Message From British Film Director, CHRIS EVERARD

MI6 Are The Lords of the Global Drug Trade By James Casbolt
Former MI6 Agent c. 2006 All Rights Reserved May not be reproduced without written permission It may be a revelation to many people that the global drug trade is controlled and run by the intelligence agencies. In this global drug trade British intelligence reigns supreme. As intelligence insiders know MI5 and MI6 control many of the other intelligence agencies in the world (CIA, MOSSAD etc) in a vast web of intrigue and corruption that has its global power base in the city of London, the square mile. My name is James Casbolt and I worked for MI6 in 'black ops' cocaine trafficking with the IRA and MOSSAD in London and Brighton between 1995 and 1999. My father Peter Casbolt was also MI6 and worked with the CIA and mafia in Rome, trafficking cocaine into Britain.

My experience was that the distinctions of all these groups became blurred until in the end we were all one international group working together for the same goals.

We were puppets who had our strings pulled by global puppet masters based in the city of London. Most levels of the intelligence agencies are not loyal to the people of the country they are based in and see themselves as 'super national'. It had been proved beyond a shadow of a doubt that the CIA has been bringing in most of the drugs into America for the last fifty years (see ex LAPD officer Michael Rupert's 'From the wilderness' website for proof). The CIA operates under orders from British intelligence and was created by British intelligence in 1947. The CIA today is still loyal to the international bankers based in the city of London and the global elite aristocratic families like the Rothchilds and the Windsor's. Since it was first started, MI6 has always brought drugs into Britain.

They do not bring 'some' of the drugs into Britain but I would estimate MI6 bring in around ninety percent of the drugs in.

They do this by pulling the strings of many organised crime and terrorist groups and these groups like the IRA are full of MI6 agents. MI6 bring in heroin from the middle east, cocaine from south America and cannabis from morocco as well as other places. British intelligence also designed and created the drug LSD in the 1950's through places like the Tavistock Institute in London. By the 1960's MI5, MI6 and the CIA were using LSD as a weapon against the angry protestors of the sixties and turned them into 'flower children' who were too tripped out to organise a revolution. Dr Timothy Leary the LSD guru of the sixties was a CIA puppet. Funds and drugs for Leary's research came from the CIA and Leary says that Cord Meyer, the CIA agent in charge of funding the sixties LSD counter culture has" helped me to understand my political cultural role more clearly". In 1998, I was sent 3000 LSD doses on blotting paper by MI5 with pictures of the European union flag on them. The MI5 man who sent them told my father this was a government 'signature' and this LSD was called 'Europa'.

This global drugs trade controlled by British intelligence is worth at least £500 billion a year.

This is more than the global oil trade and the economy in Britain and America is totally dependent on this drug money. Mafia crime boss John Gotti exposed the situation when asked in court if he was involved in drug trafficking. He replied "No we can't compete with the government". I believe this was only a half truth because the mafia and the CIA are the same group at the upper levels. In Britain, the MI6 drug money is laundered through the Bank of England, Barclays Bank and other household name companies. The drug money is passed from account to account until its origins are lost in a huge web of transactions. The drug money comes out 'cleaner' but not totally clean. Diamonds are then bought with this money from the corrupt diamond business families like the Oppenheimers.

These diamonds are then sold and the drug money is clean. MI6 and the CIA are also responsible for the crack cocaine epidemic in Britain and America.

In 1978, MI6 and the CIA were in south America researching the effects of the natives smoking 'basuco' cocaine paste.

This has the same effect as crack cocaine.

They saw that the strength and addiction potential was far greater than ordinary cocaine and created crack cocaine from the basuco formula. MI6 and the CIA then flooded Britain and America with crack. Two years later, in 1980, Britain and America were starting to see the first signs of the crack cocaine epidemic on the streets. On august 23, 1987, in a rural community south of Little Rock in America, two teenage boys named Kevin Ives and Don Henry were murdered and dismembered after witnessing a CIA cocaine drop that was part of a CIA drug trafficking operation based at a small airport in Mena, Arkansas. Bill Clinton was the governor of Arkansas at the time. Bill Clinton was involved with the CIA at this time and $100 million worth of cocaine was coming through the Mena, Arkansas airport each month. For proof see the books 'Compromise' and 'Dope Inc'. On my father's international MI6 drug runs, whatever fell off the back of the lorry so to speak he would keep and we would sell it in Britain. As long as my father was meeting the speedboats from Morocco in the Costa del Sol and then moving the lorry loads of cannabis through their MI6, IRA lorry business into Britain every month, British intelligence were happy. As long as my father was moving shipments of cocaine out of Rome every month, MI5 and MI6 were happy. If my father kept a bit to sell himself no one cared because there was enough drugs and money to go round in this £500 billion a year global drugs trade. The ones who were really paying were the people addicted. Who were paying with suffering. But karma always catches up and both myself and my father became addicted to heroin in later years and my father died addicted, and poor in prison under very strange circumstances. Today, I am clean and drug-free and wish to help stop the untold suffering this global drugs trade causes. The intelligence agencies have always used addictive drugs as a weapon against the masses to bring in their long term plan for a one world government, a one world police force designed to be NATO and a micro chipped population known as the New World Order. As the population is in a drug or alcohol-induced trance watching 'Coronation Street', the new world order is being crept in behind them. To properly expose this global intelligence run drugs trade we need to expose the key players in this area:

1- Tibor Rosenbaum, a MOSSAD agent and head of the Geneva based Banque du Credit international. This bank was the forerunner to the notorious Bank of Credit and Commerce international (BCCI) which is a major intelligence drug money laundering bank. 'Life' magazine exposed Rosenbaum's bank as a money launderer for the Meyer Lansky American organised crime family and Tibor Rosenbaum funded and supported 'Permindex' the MI6 assassination unit which was at the heart of the John F. Kennedy assassination.

2- Robert Vesco, sponsored by the Swiss branch of the Rothchilds and part of the American connection to the Medellin drug cartel in Columbia.

3- Sir Francis de Guingand, former head of British intelligence, now living in south Africa (and every head of MI5 and MI6 has been involved in the drug world before and after him).

4- Henry Keswick, chairman of Jardine Matheson which is one of the biggest drug trafficking operations in the world. His brother John Keswick is chairman of the bank of England.

5- Sir Martin Wakefield Jacomb, Bank of England director from 1987 to 1995, Barclays Bank Deputy Chairman in 1985, Telegraph newspapers director in 1986

(This is the reason why this can of worms doesn't get out in the mainstream media. The people who are perpetrating these crimes control most of the mainstream media).

In America former director of the CIA William Casey was, before his death in 1987, head of the council of the media network ABC. Many insiders refer to ABC as 'The CIA network.) 6- George Bush, Snr, former President and former head of the CIA and America's leading drug baron who has fronted more wars on drugs than any other president. Which in reality is just a method to eliminate competition. A whole book could be written on George Bush's involvement in the global drug trade but it is well-covered in the book 'Dark Alliance' by investigative journalist Gary Webb. Gary Webb was found dead with two gunshot wounds to the back of his head with a revolver. The casewas declared a 'suicide'. You figure that out. Gary Webb as well as myself and other investigators, found that much of this 'black ops' drug money is being used to fund projects classified above top secret. These projects include the building and maintaining of deep level underground bases in Dulce in New Mexico, Pine gap in Australia, Snowy mountains in Australia, The Nyala range in Africa, west of Kindu in Africa, next to the Libyan border in Egypt, Mount Blanc in Switzerland, Narvik in Scandinavia, Gottland island in Sweden and many other places around the world (more about these underground bases in my next issue). The information on this global drugs trade run by the intelligence agencies desperately needs to get out on a large scale. Any information, comments or feedback to help me with my work would be greatly welcomed.

https://esamawuta.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/mi6-are-the-lords-of-the-global-drug-trade.pdf

Barry Eldon Matthews-Former Western Australian Police Commissioner-21st June_1999-to_20th_June_2004

Jane Rimmer was filmed on CCTV talking to an unidentified man outside the Continental Hotel.

Three young Perth women disappeared in the mid-1990s. Two decades later, a man faces court.

The bodies of Jane Rimmer (left) and Ciara Glennon were discovered eight months apart. - FAIRFAX MEDIA

Western Australian Police Commissioner Karl O' Callaghan's son hurt in drug blast
NICOLAS PERPITCH
The Australian
March 22, 2011
http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/top-cops-son-hurt-in-drug-blast/news-story/9553ca9f4e32aacec09113353ceb68c5
WEST Australian police commissioner Karl O'Callaghan's 29-year-old son has been badly burned in an illegal drug lab explosion in Perth.


Torn between his roles as police commissioner and a dad, Mr O'Callaghan has told of his struggle to be good at both after revealing the incident. "There's always that conflict between being the commissioner of police and being the father," an emotional Mr O'Callaghan told The Australian last night after visiting his son, Russell, in Royal Perth Hospital.
The younger O'Callaghan was one of five people hurt in the powerful blast, which tore a hole through the roof of a Carlisle state housing unit. One man was in critical condition. Two toddlers escaped unhurt.
"I was quite shocked by the sight of him," Mr O'Callaghan said. "He's got serious burns to his head, neck, shoulders arms and torso. So he's pretty much bandaged right up to his head."

But he said his son was lucid and the first thing he asked was how were the two children who were nearby. "He described the explosion as a fireball that just engulfed all of them. He has been really shaken by this. He said he came within a hair's breadth of losing his life and he's exactly right.
"You can talk about clan labs all you like as a police officer. But when you get to talk to someone whose been involved in something like that and that person's very close to you, then it really drives home what the issue is."
Mr O'Callaghan reassured his estranged son, who has previously been treated for drug addiction, that he would not abandon him, saying the most important thing was that he got "well both mentally and physically".
Mr O'Callaghan said 30 illegal drug labs had been broken up in the state this year and 130 last year. Most of the backyard operations appeared to be making methamphetamines.
Coincidentally, the daughter of former police superintendent Dave Parkinson was living in the unit next door to the clandestine drug-making operation, with both of them complaining more than 40 times to the Department of Housing and police about the noise, domestic violence, alcohol abuse, insults and even alleged physical attacks on both of them.

Mr Parkinson claims the tenant had once told his daughter, Stacee, they had a .22 rifle and were going to shoot her father for standing up to them. But, despite the department's "three strikes " policy against anti-social behaviour, the tenants were never evicted. Ms Parkinson said she lived in continual fear of her neighbours around the illegal drug lab.

"It's been absolutely hell," she said. "It's been absolutely devastating, horrible. I have a look around to see if there's anyone there before I step foot into my home. That's how bad it is."

Housing Minister Troy Buswell was furious nothing had been done despite the complaints and ordered an immediate review of the three strikes policy. "The department, and by extension, the government have not done enough to protect Stacee and her fellow neighbours," he said.
Mr O'Callaghan has appointed a senior police officer to head the inquiry into the drug laboratory. He said it was unclear what role his son had played, although he did not live at the home. "He will have to face the consequences. But as a family we are suffering deeply at the moment."

WEST Australian police commissioner Karl O'Callaghan's 29-year-old son has been badly burned in an illegal drug lab explosion in Perth.

Torn between his roles as police commissioner and a dad, Mr O'Callaghan has told of his struggle to be good at both after revealing the incident. "There's always that conflict between being the commissioner of police and being the father," an emotional Mr O'Callaghan told The Australian last night after visiting his son, Russell, in Royal Perth Hospital.
The younger O'Callaghan was one of five people hurt in the powerful blast, which tore a hole through the roof of a Carlisle state housing unit. One man was in critical condition. Two toddlers escaped unhurt.
"I was quite shocked by the sight of him," Mr O'Callaghan said. "He's got serious burns to his head, neck, shoulders arms and torso. So he's pretty much bandaged right up to his head."
But he said his son was lucid and the first thing he asked was how were the two children who were nearby. "He described the explosion as a fireball that just engulfed all of them. He has been really shaken by this. He said he came within a hair's breadth of losing his life and he's exactly right.
"You can talk about clan labs all you like as a police officer. But when you get to talk to someone whose been involved in something like that and that person's very close to you, then it really drives home what the issue is."
Mr O'Callaghan reassured his estranged son, who has previously been treated for drug addiction, that he would not abandon him, saying the most important thing was that he got "well both mentally and physically".
Mr O'Callaghan said 30 illegal drug labs had been broken up in the state this year and 130 last year. Most of the backyard operations appeared to be making methamphetamines.
Coincidentally, the daughter of former police superintendent Dave Parkinson was living in the unit next door to the clandestine drug-making operation, with both of them complaining more than 40 times to the Department of Housing and police about the noise, domestic violence, alcohol abuse, insults and even alleged physical attacks on both of them.
Mr Parkinson claims the tenant had once told his daughter, Stacee, they had a .22 rifle and were going to shoot her father for standing up to them. 
  But, despite the department's "three strikes " policy against anti-social behaviour, the tenants were never evicted. Ms Parkinson said she lived in continual #
fear of her neighbours around the illegal drug lab.
 "It's been absolutely hell," she said. "It's been absolutely devastating, horrible. I have a look around to see if there's anyone there before I step foot into my home.
 That's how bad it is."
 Housing Minister Troy Buswell was furious nothing had been done despite the complaints and ordered an immediate review of the three strikes policy.
     "The department, and by extension, the government have not done enough to protect Stacee and her fellow neighbours," he said.
 Mr O'Callaghan has appointed a senior police officer to head the inquiry into the drug laboratory. He said it was unclear what role his son had played,
   although he did not live at the home. "He will have to face the consequences. But as a family we are suffering deeply at the moment."

Russell O'Callaghan, son of Western Australian Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan, is seeking to be released on bail.

The son of the WA Police Commissioner will be seeking release from custody pending the outcome of charges relating to a breach of his bail conditions, the Perth Magistrates Court has been told.
Russell O'Callaghan is alleged to have sent messages on social media to a woman he was banned from contacting as part of his bail conditions on other serious charges.
O'Callaghan appeared in court this morning via video link from Casuarina Prison.
His lawyer Sandra De Maio said she had just assumed control of the case from O'Callaghan's previous lawyer, and she needed an adjournment so she could provide prosecutors with the details of her client's bail application.
Ms De Maio said O'Callaghan would be seeking home detention bail and was hoping to take up a spot in a drug rehabilitation facility.

Russell O'Callaghan was remanded in custody until his next court appearance in a fortnight.

Ex-Claremont killer case cop says he ‘prays for Sarah Spiers’
Kim MacdonaldThe West Australian
Sunday, 25 December 2016

https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/ex-claremont-killer-case-cop-says-he-prays-for-sarah-spiers-ng-b88338770z

Do you remember the Nugan Hand Bank?
Stash Prada
Nugan Hand Bank was an Australian merchant bank that collapsed in 1980 after the suicide of one of its founders, Australian lawyer Francis John "Frank" Nugan, resulting in a major scandal. News stories suggested that the bank had been involved in illegal activities, including drug smuggling, arranging weapons deals, and providing a front for the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Speculation grew when it became known that the bank had employed a number of retired United States military and intelligence officers, including former CIA director William Colby. Investors' losses and the speculation surrounding the bank's activities led to three major government investigations over the next five years. The bank's co-founder, former U.S Green Beret Michael Jon "Mike" Hand, and two other bank employees were indicted for conspiring to "pervert the course of justice" by destroying or removing bank records. Hand fled abroad in June 1980. In 1985 a royal commission of inquiry found that while the bank had committed numerous violations of banking laws, the allegations of drug-smuggling, arms dealing, and involvement in CIA activities were not substantiated.[1][2] In 2000, Brigadier General Erle Cocke, former head of Nugan Hand’s Washington branch, gave a court deposition admitting that he carried out long-term, clandestine banking activities for numerous agencies including the CIA and FBI.[3] In December 2011, Michael Hand’s military colleague and Nugan Hand ‘fixer’, Douglas Sapper, confirmed that Nugan Hand Bank had been a conduit for CIA money In June 1973, Frank Nugan and Mike Hand met up with prominent Australian businessman and racehorse owner John Needham to discuss setting up a company that could act as a merchant bank. On 6 July 1973, the trio incorporated Nugan Hand Needham and took expensive offices at 55 Macquarie Street, in the heart of the Sydney CBD. The first year of operation was so disorganized that Needham asked to be released from the partnership. Following Needham's departure, the firm was renamed Nugan Hand Ltd.[5] According to writer Alfred W. McCoy, the bank was formed with a fraudulent claim of $1m in share capital: "With only $80 in the company's bank account and just $5 in paid-up capital, Frank Nugan wrote his own company a personal check for $980,000 to purchase 490,000 shares of its stock. He then covered his massive overdraft by writing himself a company check for the same amount."[6] Kings Cross restaurateur Bernie Houghton was also involved in the bank from the beginning.[7] The Nugan Hand Bank attracted investors with promises of up to 16% interest rates on their deposits and assurances of anonymity, tax-free accounts, specialist investment assistance, along with more surreptitious services such as money laundering.

Category: People & Blogs

The Falcon Lands: Did the CIA interfere in 1970s Australian politics?
SBS Dateline
Did the CIA interfere in 1970s Australian politics? Former spy Christopher Boyce speaks out in an explosive new Dateline interview. Dateline reporters scour the globe to bring you a world of daring stories. Our reputation is for fearless and provocative reporting. Australia's beloved, award winning and longest running international current affairs program. For more on Mark Davis' story, go to the SBS Dateline website... http://bit.ly/1mqzhKw https://www.sbs.com.au/news/dateline/ https://www.facebook.com/DatelineSBS/
CategoryNews & Politics

The CIA and the Nugan Hand Bank
By John Simkin,  December 27, 2005 in JFK Assassination Debate 
http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/topic/5740-the-cia-and-the-nugan-hand-bank/
John Simkin Admin - December 27, 2005
In 1971, Edwin Wilson left the CIA to run shipping companies for a secret Navy intelligence organization called Task Force 157. This included World Marine Incorporated in Washington. Wilson also ran this company for his own benefit. In 1973 he earned a $500,000 fee by delivering a spy ship to Iran under the cover of World Marine.
In 1973 Frank Nugan, an Australian lawyer, and Michael Hand, a former CIA contract operative, established the Nugan Hand Bank. Another key figure in this venture was Bernie Houghton, who was closely connected to Ted Shackley and Thomas Clines.
Nugan ran operations in Sydney whereas Hand established a branch in Hong Kong. This enabled Australian depositors to have access to a money-laundering facility for illegal transfers of Australian money to Hong Kong. According to Alfred W. McCoy, the "Hand-Houghton partnership led the bank's international division into new fields - drug finance, arms trading, and support work for CIA covert operations." Hand told friends "it was his ambition that Nugan Hand became banker for the CIA."
In 1974 the Nugan-Hand Bank got involved in helping the CIA to take part in covert arms deals with contacts within Angola. It was at this time that Edwin Wilson became involved with the bank. Two CIA agents based in Indonesia, James Hawes and Robert Moore, called on Wilson at his World Marine offices to discuss "an African arms deal". Later, Bernie Houghton arrived from Sydney to place an order for 10 million rounds of ammunition and 3,000 weapons including machine guns. The following year Houghton asked Wilson to arrange for World Marine to purchase a high-technology spy ship. This ship was then sold to Iran.
By 1976 the Nugan-Hand Bank appeared to have become a CIA-fronted company. This is reflected in the type of people recruited to hold senior positions in the bank. This included Admiral Earl Yates, retired chief strategist of the U.S. Pacific Command, as president. Other appointments included William Colby, retired director of the CIA, General Leroy J. Manor, the former chief of staff of the U.S. Pacific Command, General Edwin F. Black, former commander of U.S. forces in Thailand, Walter McDonald, retired CIA deputy director for economic research and Dale Holmgren, former chairman of the CIA's Civil Air Transport.
The investigative journalist, Jonathan Kwitny, became convinced that the Nugan-Hand Bank had replaced the Castle Bank & Trust of Nassau, as the CIA's covert banker. Former CIA agent, Kevin Mulcahy later told the National Times newspaper "about the Agency's use of Nugan Hand for shifting money for various covert operations around the globe."
Castle Bank had itself been closed down as a result of an IRS investigation. This came to an end as a result of pressure being applied on the IRS. According to the Wall Street Journal, “pressure from the Central Intelligence Agency… caused the Justice Department to drop what could have been the biggest tax evasion case of all time.”
In February 1976, Admiral Bobby Ray Inman, the new head of the Office of Naval Intelligence, discovered that Edwin Wilson was involved in some dubious undercover business deals. A few months later Wilson was asked to leave the ONI. Wilson continued to run the CIA-fronted companies he had established. The largest of these was Consultants International and over the next few years amassed a fortune of over $20 million. This enabled him to buy a 2,338-acre farm in Northern Virginia, where he often entertained his close friends, Ted Shackley and Thomas Clines.
Much of his money was made in the arms trade. His most important customer was Moammar Gaddafi, the dictator of Libya. Wilson claimed that it was Ted Shackley of the CIA who first suggested he should go to Libya. Wilson got contracts to sell Libya army uniforms, ammunition, explosive timers and 20 tons of C-4 plastic explosives.
In 1976 Wilson recruited Raphael Quintero to kill a Libyan dissident in Egypt. Quintero selected two brothers, Rafael and Raoul Villaverde, to carry out the killing. However, the killing was later called off.
One of the men Wilson employed was former CIA officer Kevin Mulcahy. He became concerned about Wilson's illegal activities and reported them to the CIA. However, Ted Shackley, Deputy Director of Operations, was initially able to block any internal investigation of Wilson. However, in April, 1977, The Washington Post, published an article on Wilson's activities stating that he may be getting support from "current CIA employees". Admiral Stansfield Turner, Jimmy Carter’s new director of the CIA, ordered an investigation and discovered that both Shackley and Clines had close relationships with Wilson. Turner demoted both men.

In 1978 Clines left the CIA. He now joined with Raphael Quintero and Ricardo Chavez (another former CIA operative) to establish API Distributors. According to David Corn (Blond Ghost) Edwin Wilson provided Clines with "half a million dollars to get his business empire going". In 1979 Clines established International Research and Trade Limited in Bermuda. Later that year he joined forces with Hussein Salem in providing U.S. military hardware to Egypt.
After leaving the CIA in September, 1979, Ted Shackley formed his own company, Research Associates International, which specialized in providing intelligence to business. He was also given consulting work with API Distributors, the company established by Clines, Quintero, and Chavez.
According to Alfred W. McCoy (The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade): "Throughout 1979 the Wilson network and the Nugan Hand Bank began to build a close commercial alliance in the netherworld of national security subcontracting". Shackley and Clines were also drawn into a relationship with the Nugan Hand Bank. Michael Hand wrote to Shackley on 27th November, 1979, suggesting a business meeting. Hand's latter also referred to Bernie Houghton, who had worked for Shackley in Vietnam.
Michael Hand probably wanted to talk about Edwin Wilson. In 1979 a Washington grand jury began gathering incriminating evidence about his illegal arms sales. To avoid arrest he moved to London. In the winter of 1979, Wilson had a meeting with Bernie Houghton and Thomas Clines in Switzerland in an attempt to help him out of his difficulties. This included a non-delivery of 5,000 M16 automatic rifles to Libya. The three men discussed ways of using the Nugan Hand Bank to float a $22 million loan to finance the delivery. Hand was obviously concerned that if Wilson was arrested he might begin talking about his dealings with the Nugan Hand Bank.
Michael Hand also had talks with William Colby, the former director of the CIA. It is not known what was discussed at this meeting but Colby submitted a bill to Nugan Hand Bank for $45,684 for his legal advice.
On 27th January, 1980 Frank Nugan was found dead in his car. Bernie Houghton was in Switzerland at the time and he immediately rang his branch office in Saudi Arabia and ordered the staff to leave the country. Houghton also visited Edwin Wilson's office in Switzerland and left a briefcase with bank documents for safekeeping. Soon afterwards, a witness saw Thomas Clines going through the briefcase at Wilson's office and remove papers that referred to him and General Richard Secord.
Two days after Nugan died, Michael Hand held a meeting of Nugan Hand Bank directors. He warned them that unless they did as they were told they could "finish up with concrete shoes" and would be "liable to find their wives being delivered to them in pieces".
According to one witness, Thomas G. Clines helped Bernie Houghton escape from Australia. Michael Hand also left the country accompanied by James O. Spencer, a man who served with Ted Shackley in Laos. The two men travelled to America via Fiji and Vancouver. Hand then disappeared and has never been seen again.

The Australian authorities were forced to investigate the bank. They discovered that Ricardo Chavez, the former CIA operative who was co-owner of API Distributors with Thomas Clines and Raphael Quintero, was attempting to take control of the bank. The Corporate Affairs Commission of New South Wales came to the conclusion that Chavez was working on behalf of Clines, Quintero and Wilson.

Robert Hemelaar holds a measuring stick to show the height of damage to trees at the burial site of Ciara Glennon in Eglinton. (Supplied: WA Supreme Court)

David John Caporn-Former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner-who was previously in charge of the Macro Task Force set up to investigate the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings, 

Robert Hemelaar former forensic supervisor narrated an hour-long video of the examination of Ciara Glennon's body. (9News)

Accused Claremont killer's defence launches into uncovering how key evidence was 'contaminated'
NATIONAL- WA - CLAREMONT KILLER TRIAL

https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/accused-claremont-killer-s-defence-launches-into-uncovering-how-key-evidence-was-contaminated-20200107-p53pll.html

Bradley Edwards is facing trial charged with the Claremont serial killings. CREDIT:STEPHEN KIPRILLIS
By Heather McNeill - January 7, 2020


Lawyers for the accused Claremont serial killer have launched their attack into the credibility of the state’s key forensic evidence as they begin the complex task of uncovering potential opportunities for contamination.
The prosecution is alleging common fibres found on the bodies of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon came from two sources - Bradley Edwards’ Telstra-issued navy trousers, and upholstery from the inside of his 1996 Holden Commodore VS Series 1.
The trouser fibres allegedly also match those found on the shorts of Mr Edwards’ 1995 Karrakatta rape victim – a crime he recently confessed to.
Defence lawyer Genevieve Cleary on Tuesday began to cast doubt over whether the fibres found on the shorts of the Karrakatta victim could have been placed there through contamination.
Retired detective Jonathan Adams was one of the officers from the Child Abuse Squad tasked with securely storing the shorts between June 1999 and July 2001, before they were transferred over to the Special Crimes Squad which housed the Macro Taskforce.
We were advised we weren’t allowed to talk about what happened and very rarely would any conversation come up about this woman in the last 20 years.


Former undertaker Peta Page
However during cross-examination by Ms Cleary, it was revealed there was no electronic record of the location of the shorts in the eight months prior to Mr Adams receiving them, when they were under the watch of the then-sex assault squad.
Mr Adams said it was likely a delay in someone entering data into the electronic log that caused the discrepancy.
Mr Adams also revealed while the shorts and other exhibits from the rape were in his possession, they were in a locked room in paper bags that were folded closed – but not sealed.
The shorts, which provide the state a crucial link to Mr Edwards, had 11 tape lifts taken from them in July 1996, 17 months after the attack.

In January 2014, further tape lifts were taken from the shorts, revealing one blue polyester fibre. A re-examination of the original tape lifts at the same time revealed another single blue polyester fibre.
A single matching blue polyester fibre found in Jane Rimmer’s hair was discovered by a ChemCentre scientist 13 years after her body was discovered in Wellard bushland on August 3, 1996.

Of the 21 other fibres discovered, 20 grey polyester fibres matching the car seat inserts of Mr Edwards’ car; and one blue-grey polypropylene matching the upholstery in the rear cargo area of same vehicle, were found.
Ms Cleary has this week zeroed in on those fibres, and has suggested they could have come from the 25+ people who responded to the discovery of Jane Rimmer’s body on August 3, 1996.
During cross-examination of the two uniformed police officers who were the first to the Wellard scene, Ms Cleary asked if they wore navy trousers at the time, to which they confirmed they did.

Both stated they never touched the body, and only got within one metre of it.

The first detective to arrive confirmed police officers at the time either drove Fords or Holden Commodore sedans, although he could not remember which he drove that day.

Ms Cleary also accused the former officer-in-charge of the Kwinana police station of lying while giving evidence that he never went into the bush to closely view Jane’s body when he first arrived at the scene.
She claimed a person couldn’t see the body from the road, as he had claimed he had, and that Mr Adams was lying due to feeling “embarrassed” that he could have contaminated the scene.
“I’ve had years of experience in investigations and the first rule of investigations is don’t go anywhere near the body because of contamination,” he replied.
“There’s certain parts of that day that I recall vividly ... the body in the bush is what was imprinted in my mind and I think once you see a body in the bush like that, that never leaves you, I can recall it as clearly as yesterday.”
Former undertaker Peta Page was also questioned by Ms Cleary about how she and her colleague removed Jane’s body from the site after it had been examined by forensic police officers.
She said the pair wore a full suit of protective clothing including coveralls, boot covers, masks and hair nets and that Ms Rimmer was transferred into a body bag that was zipped up and then she was transferred on a gurney into a Ford vehicle and taken by police escort to the mortuary.
“[The forensic pathologist] told us there was a female deceased person there, she lifted up the tarpaulin for us to see, Dave and I both saw her but only briefly because it’s not something that you do, you don’t just ... look,” she said.
“It was a very busy crime scene, there was a lot going on and [we were] obviously being mindful and respectful of who we thought it was.
“We were advised we weren’t allowed to talk about what happened and very rarely would any conversation come up about this woman in the last 20 years.”
Mr Edwards has pleaded not guilty to the murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon.


The trial continues.
Police response to the discovery of Jane Rimmer's body
Arrival time
Responder
Division
Proximity to body
2.30pm
Constable Michelle Beaman
Uniformed police
1.5 metres
2.30pm
First Class Constable Bleddyn Davies
Uniformed police
two metres
3.15pm
Detective James Crozier
Local detective
five metres
3.15pm
Detective Kim Ferguson
Local detective
3.30pm
Sergeant Jonathan Adams
OIC Kwinana police station

four metres
3.46pm
Senior Constable Peter Halliday
N/A
3.46pm
First Class Detective Phil Van Nieuwburg
N/A
4.17pm
Sergeant Barry Mott
Forensics
Took photos of body in situ
4.20pm
Detective Bradley Pace
Homicide Squad
four metres
4.20pm
Detective Vicki Young
Homicide Squad
4.30pm
Detective Inspector Paul Ferguson
Macro Taskforce
4.30pm
Detective Inspector John Gibson
Macro Taskforce
4.40pm
Sergeant Lance Connal
Media Liaison
4.53pm
Senior Detective Suthers

N/A
4.53pm
Dr. Karin Margolius
Forensic pathologist
Examined body
5pm (ETA)
Sergeant Robert Hemelaar
Forensic supervisor
Helped bag exhibits and move body
5.07pm
Senior Constable Mark Harbridge
Forensics
Present during examination of body in situ
5.07pm
First Class Constable Greg Menagh
Forensics
Present during examination of body in situ
5.15pm

Dr. Stephen Knott
Forensic dentist

5.15pm
Professor Clive Cooke
Chief forensic pathologist
Examined body
5.25pm
Sergeant Hastie
Surveying unit
5.30pm
First Class Constable Michael Teraci
Video support unit
Within metres
5.40pm
Detective Sergeant Dave Caporn
Macro Taskforce
5.40pm
Detective Pearsall
Macro Taskforce
8.10pm
Peta Page
Coroner's undertaker
Placed in body bag
8.10pm

David Scott
Coroner's undertaker
Placed in body bag

NB: Some spelling of names yet to be confirmed.

​​European spies sought lessons from dictators’ brutal ‘Operation Condor’
 This article is more than 8 months old
CIA files show intelligence services wanted to learn from South America’s 1970s campaign of terror against leftwing
subversionhttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/apr/15/operation-condor-european-spies-dictators-cia-documents

Billionaire builder Buckeridge dead,one of the state’s richest men, has died aged 77 (March 11th 2015) after a long battle with illness.

Claremont serial killer trial hears crime scene contamination 'not an issue' at victim gravesites
By Andrea Mayes
10th  January, 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-10/claremont-serial-killings-police-forensic-methods-probed/11858552

PHOTO: DNA evidence collected from Ciara Glennon's burial site makes up part of the prosecution's case. (Supplied: WA Supreme Court)
PHOTO: Defence lawyer Paul Yovich arrives for the start of the Claremont serial killings trial. (ABC News: Hugh Sando
PHOTO: Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon were murdered after disappearing from the streets of Claremont in Perth in 1996 1997. (Fairfax Media)
PHOTO: Former police officer Robert Hemelaar was present at the examination of Ciara Glennon's body after it was found in bushland. (ABC News: David Weber)

RELATED STORY: Claremont victim Ciara Glennon's body was found with 'breaches' in skin, forensic exam revealed
RELATED STORY: Police describe shock at seeing Claremont victims' graves as graphic video shown
RELATED STORY: Claremont lawyers make dash to shops to buy screens to shield court from 'graphic' evidence


A central plank of the prosecution case is the contention that DNA material found underneath Ms Glennon's fingernails matches that of Edwards.

Mr Hemelaar said the collection of every exhibit was not videoed, nor were the exhibits required to be photographed in situ in 1996 and 1997.
Earlier the court heard there were also time lapses where the video did not record what was happening, including a 15-minute gap at the burial site of Ms Glennon in Eglinton.
Mr Hemelaar agreed with Mr Yovich when he said one of the videos depicted him at Ms Rimmer's burial site in Wellard "holding a large paper bag and not wearing gloves", then poking vegetation down into the bag with his bare hands.
He also agreed it was common practice for officers to stuff the disposable latex gloves into their pockets before putting them on.

Key points:
The prosecution says DNA found on victim Ciara Glennon matches the accused
But protective clothing protocols had yet to be established when the killings took place
Forensic practices at the time were limited, an officer said under cross examination

DNA evidence was "not relevant" to forensic police as they examined the burial sites of murder victims Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer, the trial of alleged Claremont serial killer Bradley Edwards has been told.
Edwards, 51, a former Telstra technician, has pleaded not guilty to the wilful murders of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon, as well as 18-year-old Sarah Spiers.

All three women had been enjoying nights out in the wealthy Perth entertainment district of Claremont in 1996 and 1997 when they vanished.

Ms Spiers's body has never been found, but the bodies of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon were found partially covered in vegetation, in bushland south and north of the city respectively.
Under cross-examination from defence counsel Paul Yovich SC, former forensic officer Robert Hemelaar admitted forensic practices in 1996 and 1997 were limited, and protective clothing protocols had yet to be established.

Officers at crime scenes did not have to wear overalls or other protective gear, although disposable gloves were usually worn.
The gloves were partly to keep officers' hands clean and the issue of contamination "was not a notable issue that had been identified", Mr Hemlaar said.
"DNA was not a factor at that stage," Mr Hemelaar told the court.

Video recordings made by police of the burial sites of the two women were played in court earlier this week, but temporary barriers erected in the court room ensured they were not visible to most of those in the court.

Mr Hemelaar agreed with Mr Yovich when he said one of the videos depicted him at Ms Rimmer's burial site in Wellard "holding a large paper bag and not wearing gloves", then poking vegetation down into the bag with his bare hands.
He also agreed it was common practice for officers to stuff the disposable latex gloves into their pockets before putting them on.

A central plank of the prosecution case is the contention that DNA material found underneath Ms Glennon's fingernails matches that of Edwards.
Mr Hemelaar said the collection of every exhibit was not videoed, nor were the exhibits required to be photographed in situ in 1996 and 1997.
Earlier the court heard there were also time lapses where the video did not record what was happening, including a 15-minute gap at the burial site of Ms Glennon in Eglinton.
Camera operator Michael Teraci said this could have been because he had to change batteries or move the camera into a different position.
Mr Hemelaar also conceded there were discrepancies in the way evidence was recorded, with some exhibits sharing the same exhibit number and items recorded differently on different pieces of paperwork.


The trial, before Justice Stephen Hall, will recommence on Monday.

Click here to see a video 
 timeline of the Claremont serial killings
Posted 16 Nov 2019,
Three women disappeared from Claremont in the 1990s. Now 20 years later, a man faces court charged with their murders.
Source: ABC News | Duration: 3min 59sec
Topics: crime, murder-and-manslaughter, claremont-6010
VIDEO: A timeline of the Claremont serial killings (ABC News)
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-11-17/a-timeline-of-the-claremont-serial-killings/11701542

Paolo “Paul” Musarri who was once the undisputed  illegal drug king of his own little world —

and a big fish in WA’s relatively small crime pond. who yelled to the judge in his 1980's drug selling trial that ..." the drug squad detectives that arrested me were my partners for many  years in my illegal heroine importation and distribution business in Australia." ... and went onto ask the judge ... " Why weren't these drug squad detectives also charged with me for being involved with me in my illegal heroine importation and distribution business?...." 

Sarah Spiers. Jane Rimmer. Ciara Glennon. Three women whose names were etched into Perth's consciousness more than 20 years ago.

Siok Puay Koh, known as Tootsie, and Len Buckeridge. Credit: The West Australian

Son of the West Australian police commissioner has pleaded guilty to three violent charges committed against a woman, while three other offences have been dropped.
Russell Joseph O'Callaghan appeared in the West Australian District Court on Thursday via video link from Casuarina Prison.
THE son of WA Police Conmissioner Karl O’Callaghan has faced court on charges he threatened to kill his partner, while their five-year-old son was in the house.
Russell O’Callaghan, 33, appeared in Fremantle Magistrates Court on seven charges, including threatening to kill and deprivation of liberty.
The police prosecutor told the court Mr O’Callaghan is alleged to have held his partner captive in her Langford home for two and a half days, beginning on Sunday afternoon.
During that time he is alleged to have put metal scissors to her neck and threatened to kill her, grabbed her in a headlock and dragged her down the hallway, strangled her and punched her to the face and body.
It is alleged Mr O’Callaghan went to the woman’s house to stay on Friday night.
The couple got into an argument on Sunday and Mr O’Callaghan took the keys to the house, saying: “You’re not going anywhere, bitch. I’m not going anywhere.”
The court heard the doors to the house are always locked to prevent the couple’s autistic child from leaving.
At one stage Mr O’Callaghan is alleged to have pinned the woman to the floor.
When he allegedly held the scissors to the woman’s neck, he is alleged to have said:

“I’m going to stab your f..king throat, bitch. I’m going to kill you. This is the end of your life, I am going to kill you.”
Police said Mr O’Callaghan left the house yesterday morning, and the woman ran to a neighbours and called police. Mr O’Callaghan was arrested yesterday afternoon.

In total, he has been charged with two counts of common assault, unlawful assault occasioning bodily harm in circumstances of aggravation, threatening to kill, depriving a person of their liberty and making a threat with an intent to hinder or prevent someone doing an act.

The police prosecutor opposed bail.
 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan pleads guilty to assault on a woman. 
 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan pleaded guilty to assault causing bodily harm, indecent assault and threatening to kill the woman.
The   court heard Russell Joseph O'Callaghan had removed the woman's underwear and threatened to rape her.
 Charges of threatening with intent to influence and deprivation of liberty were dropped, while a charge of sexual penetration without consent had been committed to the District Court, but never indicted.


 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan will face a sentencing hearing on January 5, 2016 - AAP 

 Russell O’Callagnhan, the son of Western Australia’s police commissioner Karl O' Callaghan's was hurt in a chrystal meth drug blast in Perth, Western Australia.

Police Commissioner Karl O’Callaghan comforts his son Russell during his stay in hospital after suffering injuries in a drug lab blast. Photo: Channel Ten.
A son of Police Commissioner Karl O’Callaghan has been charged with a string of serious offences including deprivation of liberty and making threats to kill against his former partner.

Russell Joseph O’Callaghan, 33, appeared in Fremantle Magistrates Court on Wednesday accused of seven charges, including unlawful assault occasioning bodily harm, making threats with intent and common assault with aggravation.
It will be alleged that Russell O’Callaghan held his former partner against her will at her home between August 10 and 12.

He applied for bail but a decision on the application will be heard later on Wednesday.
The latest charges come after Russell O’Callaghan served eight months in jail for attempting to manufacture methamphetamines in 2011.

O’Callaghan suffered serious burns to his head, shoulders and arms when a clandestine drug laboratory exploded in the laundry of the Homeswest house in Carlisle in March 2011.
Four other people sustained burns in the explosion. Two children, aged three and four, escaped injury.
In September 2011, O’Callaghan was jailed for 16 months after pleading guilty to attempting to manufacture a prohibited drug, methamphetamine but served eight
months before being granted parole
Two other men were also charged with similar offences.
At the time, O’Callaghan’s defence lawyer Mark Andrews said his client’s role in the drug manufacture on that day had been “peripheral” and he had never been involved in cooking amphetamines before.
He said O’Callaghan had agreed to supply one packet of cold and flu tablets in return for 0.1g of methamphetamine, which has an approximate value of $100.
Comment has been sought from WA Police.
A spokeswoman for the Police Commissioner said he would not make public comment on the matter at this stage.
Perth police at the Carlisle state housing unit yesterday following the explosion of an alleged drug lab, in which the police commissioner's son was hurt. Picture: Richard Po

NICOLAS PERPITCH - The Australian - March 22, 2011


http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/nation/top-cops-son-hurt-in-drug-blast/news-story/9553ca9f4e32aacec09113353ceb68c5

Covert Action- Information Bulletin Number 28
The CIA and Drugs

Approved for release 06/03/2010: CIA_RDP90-00845R000100170001-8
https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90-00845R000100170001-8.pdf

 It is clearly appropriate, once again. To underscore the enormity of the CIA’s sordid role in the world of drug traffick9ing. As we show in this issue, the CIA has been, from its inception, a major source of opium, heroin, and now crack. Revelations that the planes which fly weapons to the anti-Sandinista Contras in Honduras and Costa Roca return filled with drugs, may - if they are allowed to be fully explored - yet shock the conscience of an American people numbered by a decade of equally incredible revelations.
CAIB has also learnt  that the CIA is receiving assistance in its Central America drug operations from an old ally, the Mafia, which, after all, has been in the business since before the CIA existed. We hope to have this report in our next issue.
Getting the information to the public may not be easy, as a recent Village Voice report details. Efforts by the office of the U.S. Attorney in Miami and by the staff of Senator John Kerry )Dem.-Mass.) to probe Contra during running have been continually stymied by an administration, and its congressional backers, desperate to avoid the tarnish such investigations  will give to the image of their “freedom fighter”.

Indeed, the efforts to discredit Sen. Kerry are monumental, ranging from a back-stabbing committee staff member to unlawful interference with grand juries to disinformation  campaigns in the media. Pressure on the TV networks has led to orders to correspondents not to cover the work of Kerry’s subcommittee. And one, which ran the first of a three part series on Contra drub smuggling, abruptly canceled the other parts and fired a researcher. The cover-up is extensive.
 
Drug Testing, CBW, and AISS
The CIA does not just run drugs; it tests them on people as well. In this issue we review some pf the more notorious aspects of such programs, including an update on the history of U.S involvement in chemical-biological warfare research and development.

Is that work which leads to the special section of this issue (to be continued in the next issue), in AIDS. A number of researchers have raised  the possibility that this dread epidemic is the result, either intended or accidental, of such CBW work. Because we believe that the AIDS crisis is of profound importance, we are publishing this material which reviews all of the theories under consideration. There is no smoking gun here; indeed the “experts” cannot agree on what causes AIDS, much less on how it works. But the evidence in very strong that nature alone is not responsible.

Last Issue
It was pure coincidence that our last issue, on the Religious Right, nit the stands, as the Jim and Tammy Bakker scandal broke. What is deliberate, however, is the way the media’s coverage of the exposes concentrate on sexual and financial shenanigans alone, virtually ignoring the deep ties of the religious ideologies to the Contras and the Oliver North supply network, to prominent U.S. government officials, and to extreme right-wing groups around the world.

Table of Contents
 
Editorial
Running Drugs and Secret Wars, By David Truong D.H.
The Australian Heroin Connection, By Jerry Meldon
Nugan Hand Drug Clients, By Henrik Kruger
Afghan Rebels and Drugs
The Cocaine Connection, By Vince Bielski and Dennis Bernstein
Who Deals Drugs?, By Roman Berger
Doc-u-drama
Drugs, Politics, and Disinformation, By Richard Hatch
Lest We Forget, By Louis Lawrence
Chemical-Biological Warfare, By Robert Lederer
Is AIDS Non-Infectious?, By Nathanial S. Lehrman
Deltagate, By Ellen Ray and William Schaap


Running Drugs and Secret Wars, By David Truong D.H.

David Truong D.H. is a researcher and policy analyst and a long-time watcher of U.S. intelligence in the Third World.

World War II had barely ended when major western powers scrambled to reassert control over their former colonies. Asia was one region where France, England and the U.S. reached understanding about their respective spheres of influence. In September 1945, France sought to reestablish her rule over Indochina and other former colonies where she had been unceremoniously humiliated by the Axis powers. With British assistance, and strengthened by Truman’s policy against independence movements in Indochina, the French returned to Indochina to begin their disastrous nine-year war against the Viet Minh, Vietnam’s burgeoning independence movement.
In exchange for French support of America’s Marshall Plan and anti-communist operations throughout Europe, the United States contributed to France’s reconquest of Indochina. By the time the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the U.S. had spent $3.5 billion, or seventy-five percent of French cost in Indochina. Nevertheless, throughout the war, the French found themselves short of funds to finance their covert operations against the Viet Minh. Thus in 1951, the French intelligence service, SDECE (Service de Documentation Exterieure et du Contre-Espionage), and its covert operations branch, Service d’Action, took over the enormous opium trade in French Indochina.
Known as the “Opium Monopoly”, the Opium Trade was first established by the French in the 1880’s to finance their colonial rule over Indochina. Service d’Action had dubbed its opium-financed secret war “Operation X. The operation involved French-trained commandos made up of Hmong and other tribesmen to be sent into action against Viet Minh strongholds and a distribution
network of French sponsored local pirates who ran hundreds of opium dens throughout Vietnam and Laos. Operation X included a supporting cast of Corsican underworld characters and their small airline, “Air Opium, “ shuttling drug cargoes between Laos and Vietnam. The Corsicans had links with their equally enterprising colleagues in France. In post-war metropolitan France, the CIA had made its own alliance with the Corsican underworld in its program to neutralize the influence of French Communist trade unions.

……….
During the same period, in neighbouring Thailand, the U.S. had established a major presence. U.S. intelligence activities in Thailand …..were part of a broad covert program, sanctioned by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Truman White House, against established Chinese Communist government. Since 1948. the Office by Cold Way fever, had initiated a number of covert operations in Europe and paid the ground for more anti-communist operations in Asia.
….……
In the decades that followed, Thailand became the launching pad for the multitude of U.. covert operations against China. Throughout the 1960’s and early 1970’s, as the U.S. increased its role in Laos and South Vietnam, the Agency (CIA) developed  its Thai-based covert, paramilitary programs against against Indochina and the rest of Southeast Asia.

This theater of clandestine operations was also a major opium growing region, stretching from southern Yunnan to neighbouring Burma’s Shan states, norther Thailand, and northern Laos. It was commonly known as the “Golden Triangle” to opium and heroin traffickers, and was the source of 70% of the world’s opium production in the early 1970’s. Today, the Golden Triangle still produces at least 90 toms per year of heroin destined for the American Market .......

​The CIA-backed KMT troops settled in Burma after World War II and controlled the opium traffic for buyers in Northern Thailand and Bangkok. From 1948 on, American intelligence activities in the Golden Triangle were intertwined with the opium trade. Infiltration routes for CIA commando teams into southern China were also used as drug smuggling routed for traffickers in Burma and Thailand. Local Shan tribesmen provided the guides to both the CIA Agency’s teams and opium caravans near the Burma-Chinese border. And the CIA Agency had maintained five secret training camps, and two key listening posts in the Shan states protected by its drug smuggling KMT troops and local tribesmen.
Thailand was of course a major marketplace at the tip of the Golden Triangle. The military cliques of strongmen while ruled the country, beginning with Geberak Phao Siyanon in 1947, also controlled the Thai National Police Department (TNOD) which was the largest opium traffic syndicate in the country. These “strongmen” grew immensely wealthy from their drug monopoly and from ties to the CIA. Much of the drug smuggling network remains very active today, and has deep roots in Thailand’s military and parliamentary circles.


One Man’s Story: The Australian Heroin Connection
By Meldon

In 1972, Brooklyn-born Edward Hunter decided to relocate his family and his quarter-of-a-million dollar Asian art connection from Bangkok to Hawaii. The decision to move his business was partially based on encouragement from his neighbour, Coby Black, and her husband, retired General Ed Black. Two years later, Gen. Black would also move to Hawaii and become president of a Nugan Hand Bank affiliate there.Hunter knew nothing about the Australian-based Nugan Hand Bank. He was unaware that Nugan Hand’s vice-chairman,ex-Green Beret Michael Hand, would in 1975 arrange a 500-pound heroin shipment from Southeast Asia’s Golden Triangle to the U.S. by way of Australia.

Nor did Edward Hunter know about the  a November 1977 Australian Narcotics Bureau report that would link the Nugan Hand Bank to a drug smuggling network that “exported some $3 billion (Aust.) worth of heroin from Bangkok prior to June 1976…..

Untangling the Web
In January 1980, the Nugan Hand Bank chairman Frank Nugan  was found shot to death in his Mercedes, 100 miles north of Sydney. The ensuing Nugan Hand Bank collapse and subsequent investigations evoked a rash of press reports about drug money laundering, government cover-ups and U.S. Military and intelligence connections - Hunter’s old neighbour,
Gen. Black, among them.
Later, one particular Nugan Hand client Edwin Wilson, made headlines along with former CIA superiors turned business partners. ….
Theodore Shackley,
(who was the CIA station chief in Laos from 1966 to 1969 and the de-facto chief of staff for the CIA Ageny’s secret war. Shackey later did a tour in South Vietnam where he managed Operation Phoenix, the “pacification” program against the Vietnamese)
and
Thomas G. Clines
(who under Skackley in Laos, managing support activities for the war ad who was a lieutenant colonel detailed to the CIA Agency, who was handling air support which included Air America and other minor CIA proprietary airline)
The three had used the Nugan Hand bank to channel funds for covert CIA Agency operations, including the destablization of the Australian government in 1975
(which included the sacking of the then Australian Labor Party Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, who was replaced by a CIA approved Australian Liberal Party Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser … which the CIA did for many reasons, which included the fact that Gough Whitlam, was threatening to remove the CIA influence in Australian and take back the CIA controlled Pine Gap surveillance facility in South Australia ….. since 1975, there has been no Australian Prime Minister who has not been CIA approved…
John Pilger: In 1975 prime minister Gough Whitlam believed that a foreign power should not control his country's  resources and dictate its economic and foreign policies. He proposed to “buy back the farm”. In drafting the first Aboriginal lands rights legislation, his government raised the ghost of the greatest land grab in human history, Britain’s colonisation of Australia, and the question of who owned the island-continent’s vast natural wealth.
Wilson was then caretaker of corporate fronts for Task Force 157 of the U/S. Office of Naval Intelligence.
Now, because the “Secret Team” led by Shakley, Clines and Richard Second had assumed centre stage in the Iran/Contra affair, allegations have resurfaced about their Nugan Hand connections and drug smuggling.
 Richard Second
(was a lieutenant colonel detailed to the Agency, was handling air support which included Air America and other minor CIA proprietary airlines, who stayed on is Thailand in the early 1970’s to manage operations by U.S Special Forces and Hmong troops in Laos)

Opinion
Gough Whitlam
The British-American coup that ended Australian independence
John Pilger

In 1975 prime minister Gough Whitlam, who has died this week, dared to try to assert his country’s autonomy. The CIA and MI6 made sure he paid the price
Thu 23 Oct 2014
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/oct/23/gough-whitlam-1975-coup-ended-australian-independence

Whitlam demanded to know if and why the CIA was running a spy base at Pine Gap near Alice Springs, a giant vacuum cleaner which, as Edward Snowden revealed recently, allows the US to spy on everyone. “Try to screw us or bounce us,” the prime minister warned the US ambassador, “[and Pine Gap] will become a matter of contention”.
Victor Marchetti, the CIA officer who had helped set up Pine Gap, later told me, “This threat to close Pine Gap caused apoplexy in the White House … a kind of Chile [coup] was set in motion.”
Pine Gap’s top-secret messages were decoded by a CIA contractor, TRW. One of the decoders was Christopher Boyce, a young man troubled by the “deception and betrayal of an ally”. Boyce revealed that the CIA had infiltrated the Australian political and trade union elite and referred to the governor-general of Australia, Sir John Kerr, as “our man Kerr”.

Kerr was not only the Queen’s man, he had longstanding ties to Anglo-American intelligence. He was an enthusiastic member of the Australian Association for Cultural Freedom, described by Jonathan Kwitny of the Wall Street Journal in his book, The Crimes of Patriots, as “an elite, invitation-only group … exposed in Congress as being founded, funded and generally run by the CIA”. The CIA “paid for Kerr’s travel, built his prestige … Kerr continued to go to the CIA for money”
When Whitlam was re-elected for a second term, in 1974, the White House sent Marshall Green to Canberra as ambassador. Green was an imperious, sinister figure who worked in the shadows of America’s “deep state”. Known as “the coupmaster”, he had played a central role in the 1965 coup against President Sukarno in Indonesia – which cost up to a million lives. One of his first speeches in Australia, to the Australian Institute of Directors, was described by an alarmed member of the audience as “an incitement to the country’s business leaders to rise against the government”.
The Americans and British worked together. In 1975, Whitlam discovered that Britain’s MI6 was operating against his government. “The Brits were actually decoding secret messages coming into my foreign affairs office,” he said later. One of his ministers, Clyde Cameron, told me, “We knew MI6 was bugging cabinet meetings for the Americans.” In the 1980s, senior CIA officers revealed that the “Whitlam problem” had been discussed “with urgency” by the CIA’s director, William Colby, and the head of MI6, Sir Maurice Oldfield. A deputy director of the CIA said: “Kerr did what he was told to do.”

On 10 November 1975, Whitlam was shown a top-secret telex message sourced to Theodore Shackley, the notorious head of the CIA’s East Asia division, who had helped run the coup against Salvador Allende in Chile two years earlier.

Shackley’s message was read to Whitlam. It said that the prime minister of Australia was a security risk in his own country. The day before, Kerr had visited the headquarters of the Defence Signals Directorate, Australia’s NSA, where he was briefed on the “security crisis”.
On 11 November – the day Whitlam was to inform parliament about the secret CIA presence in Australia – he was summoned by Kerr. Invoking archaic vice-regal “reserve powers”, Kerr sacked the democratically elected prime minister. The “Whitlam problem” was solved, and Australian politics never recovered, nor the nation its true independence.
Across the media and political establishment in Australia, a silence has descended on the memory of the great, reforming prime minister Gough Whitlam. His achievements are recognised, if grudgingly, his mistakes noted in false sorrow. But a critical reason for his extraordinary political demise will, they hope, be buried with him.
Australia briefly became an independent state during the Whitlam years, 1972-75. An American commentator wrote that no country had “reversed its posture in international affairs so totally without going through a domestic revolution”. Whitlam ended his nation’s colonial servility. He abolished royal patronage, moved Australia towards the Non-Aligned Movement, supported “zones of peace” and opposed nuclear weapons testing.
Although not regarded as on the left of the Labor party, Whitlam was a maverick social democrat of principle, pride and propriety. He believed that a foreign power should not control his country’s resources and dictate its economic and foreign policies. He proposed to “buy back the farm”. In drafting the first Aboriginal lands rights legislation, his government raised the ghost of the greatest land grab in human history, Britain’s colonisation of Australia, and the question of who owned the island-continent’s vast natural wealth.
•John Pilger’s investigation into the coup against Whitlam is described in full in his book, A Secret Country (Vintage), and in his documentary film, Other People’s Wars, which can be viewed on http://www.johnpilger.com/

cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90-00845R000100170001-8.pdf

 References
Alfred McCoy, the Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia (New York: Harper 5 Row, 1972), pp.92-109
Ibid., pp.73-75
Ibid., pp.99-100
Ibid., pp.37-47
William M. Leary, Perilous Missions: Civil Air Transport and CIA Covert Operations in Asia (University, Aka.: University of Alabama Press, 1984). P.129
Ibid., p.131
U.S. News and World Report, May 4, 1987.P.33
Mcoy, op. Cit., n. 1, pp.306-8
Thomas Lobe, United States Security Policy and Aid to the Thailand Police, University of Denvor Graduate School of Innterantional Studies: Monograph Series in World Affairs, Vol. 14. No.2 (Denver: University of Denver, Colorado Seminary.1979).p.20​

https://esamawuta.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/mi6-are-the-lords-of-the-global-drug-trade.pdf

The former head of the Macro task force into the Claremont serial killer says he is praying for more information about missing woman Sarah Spiers, and has defended the investigation of the crime.
Breaking his long-running silence on the case, David Caporn said he had not stopped thinking about Ms Spiers and the other two women who went missing from Claremont in 1996 and 1997, even after he left the police service in 2009.
Bradley Robert Edwards was last week charged with the murders of Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer.
News conference with Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan. A man has been charged with the murders in relation to the Claremont serial killer case.

Mr Caporn, who headed the task force between April 1997 and February 1999, said it was an “understatement” to say he was pleased for the families of Sarah, Jane and Ciara that there had finally been a breakthrough in the case.
“Hardly a day goes by without me thinking about the families of Sarah, Jane and Ciara,” he said. “I hope and pray that more will come to light about Sarah.”
Mr Caporn also defended the task force’s handling of the investigation, which has been criticised for focusing on the wrong prime suspect for two years.
A 2007 book, The Devil’s Garden, suggested detectives had botched the inquiry, singling out Mr Caporn for “tunnel vision” by focusing on a Cottesloe public servant, Lance Williams, as a prime suspect.
Labor MP John Quigley told State Parliament in November 2008 that it was a “dud” investigation.

Bradley Robert Edwards after being taken into custody last week.

But an unapologetic Mr Caporn said yesterday the investigation did not focus on Mr Williams in the early days or have him as its sole focus. “The task force commenced investigation in June 1996, five months after the disappearance of Sarah (Spiers),” he said.
“Mr Williams did not come to the attention of the task force until several months after the disappearance and then discovery of Ciara’s body. The task force had already been investigating for over 18 months on a massive scale before we even started any inquiries about him.
“The allocation of resources to pursue any particular line of inquiry was always based on what was known at the time. And at that time, the only way we could eliminate persons of interest was by alibi.
“Alibis become harder to lock down the more time that passed, so the legwork by detectives on each and every reasonable person of interest was enormous.”
Mr Caporn became substantive superintendent at Major Crime in 1997 but maintained involvement in the Macro task force until 2001 when he was appointed to head up Operation Zircon into the Lathlain bombing. In 2004, he was appointed assistant police commissioner.

He was temporarily stood down on full pay in 2008 over his role in the wrongful conviction of Andrew Mallard in 1994.
There was no evidence of police searching the home of accused Claremont serial killer Mr Edwards in Kewdale yesterday.

Three young Perth (Western Austalia) women disappeared in the mid-1990s. Two decades later, a man faces court.

PART 1: CIA AND AUSTRALIA(NUGAN HAND BANK (PINE GAP)
Kaz
ALL CREDIT TO THE AUTHOR OF THIS ARTICLE,NUGAN HAND A TALE OF DRUGS,DIRTY MONEY,THE CIA AND THE OUSTING OF THE WHITLAM GOVERMENT: Joan Coxsedge Narrated by Kaz Please LIKE SUBSCRIBE AND SHARE SHARE SHARE https://twitter.com/KazTheQLady https://gab.ai/Kazz https://www.minds.com/Kazzkazz https://mewe.com/profile/5bb2cab3a5f4... email me:
kaztheqlady@gmail.com

Never before seen face of a mystery driver, caught creeping on a young woman the night after Sarah Spiers disappeared,

has been shown in the Claremont serial killings trial. (Supplied)

Assist Commissioner David Caporn is facing the prospect of 11 adverse findings. (ABC)

Mr Edwards' defence team arriving at court last week. (9News)

Above: Donald Morey, aka Matusevich,
who has apparently 
confessed to the wife of his boss that he has killed many times before, and would be happy to murder her husband if she wanted this to be done, after overhearing a bad argument between his boss and his wife..

Donald Morey, aka Matusevich,has never been ruled out as a suspect in the suspected death of Ms McMahon, Detective Darryl Cox told the Coroner's Court.
It is also noted that a member of Gangland has informed the NYT.bz investigators that a small teardrop tattoo under the ones eye is a visible mark to those in Gangland who know that its means, that the person with such teardrop tattoo under their eye has committed a Gangland murder ... under instructions senior people in Gangland .... and a second teardrop tattoo under the other eye means that the person has committed at least one other Gangland murder ... under instructions senior people in Gangland .... and once two Gangland murders have been committed, by the person, there is no further teardrop tattoos placed under one's eye .. so two teardrop tattoos represent two or more  Gangland murders ... under instructions senior people in Gangland.

Accused Claremont serial killer Bradley Edwards denies murdering the three women.
SUPPLIED: SUPREME COURT OF WA

'National Geographic: Methamphetamines the World's Most Dangerous Drug'
2,418,765 views- Jun 25, 2008  - National Geographic
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Former CIA agent Victor Marchetti explained the U.S.-Australian relationship very well: "Australia is going to be increasingly important to the United States, and so long as Australians keep electing the right people then there'll be a stable relationship between the two countries." (Secret Country, p. 353)

http://awn.bz/CIA-Control-of-Australia.html

Russell O'Callaghan, son of Western Australian Police Commissioner hurt in Crystal Methamphetamines drug blast

Ciara Glennon, 27, had only just returned to Perth after a year of travel when she vanished. (Fairfax Media)

What happened to Julie Cutler? 30 years on, the question still remains
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/what-happened-to-julie-cutler-30-years-on-the-question-still-remains-20180423-p4zb5k.html
By Phil Hickey - May 8, 2018 

Nothing would make Ron Carey happier than for the case of Julie Cutler to be solved.
The former WA Police detective gave everything he had to try and get to the bottom of her disappearance in 1988.
Alas, Mr Carey and his team - in what was then the Criminal Investigation Branch (CIB) - were unable to provide any answers to the Cutler family.
It was disappointing to go into retirement knowing that we had not been able to establish what had happened to Julie Cutler,” Mr Carey told WAtoday.
“I would have liked to have been able to tell Julie’s father and family what had happened to his daughter, so they could have at least had closure.”

It has been 30 years since Julie Cutler went missing in Perth.

The 22-year-old was last seen leaving the Parmelia Hilton Hotel in the Perth CBD about 12.30am on June 20, 1988 after a staff function.
Two days later her car was found in the ocean at Cottesloe beach.
Apart from several Parmelia Hilton champagne flutes in the four-door Fiat, nothing else significant was found inside the vehicle.

No belongings, no clothing. No body.
The back seat of the car had washed up on the beach.
A shoulder bag Ms Cutler was known to carry has also never been found.
WAtoday can reveal a review of the case file was carried out last year by the Cold Case Homicide Squad in an attempt to unearth new clues.
But to this day no charges have been laid in connection to the case and Ms Cutler's body has never been located.
In an interview with WAtoday, Mr Carey, who spent 30 years with WA Police, reflected on the three decade old mystery.
He believes that by speaking out, there is a chance someone in the community who knows what happened will finally come forward after all these years.

Mr Carey, who rose to the rank of superintendent before retiring in 2005, first became attached to the case when he was sent to Cottesloe beach, the day Ms Cutler's car was found.

He was then a detective senior constable.
“When we received the report that a vehicle registered in Ms Cutler’s name had been found in the ocean at Cottesloe beach, I guess we expected the worst, thinking that we might find her body inside the car,” he said.
“When the vehicle was found to be empty, we began our inquiry in earnest to establish what had happened to her.”
Over the next few days Mr Carey searched the 22-year-old's home, spoke to her work colleagues and guests of the hotel and examined her car with a fine-toothed comb.
"After we recovered Julie’s vehicle...we were able to establish that one of the rear doors of her car couldn't be locked,” he said.
“So we looked at the possibility that someone may have secreted themselves in the back seat while it was parked at the hotel without her knowing and that she was forced to drive somewhere.”
Mr Carey said some time after the 22-year-old went missing, police received information which suggested she could have gone to the Burswood Casino after she left the Parmelia.
"We went there but unfortunately the CCTV footage did not extend back to the night she disappeared," he said.
“In the months following Julie’s disappearance, we spoke to numerous people in the hope we might have been able to establish what had happened to her.
“Despite our best efforts, we were not able to solve this mystery”.
The former cop believes Ms Cutler succumbed to whatever fate she met in a five-hour window between 12.30am on June 20 and daybreak that morning.
"In my view someone must have intervened between the time Julie left the Parmelia Hotel and daybreak,” he said.
“(For the car) to have found its way into the ocean, we concluded that it must have been driven off or rolled off the wall straight into the water where it must have floated momentarily, before being taken out with the motion of the waves, before sinking to the floor of the ocean.
“We were able to arrive at that conclusion because there was no sign of the vehicle at the beach when the regular swimmers arrived at daybreak to undertake their daily exercises.
“That particular night, there were strong winds and rain to the extent that the waves were lapping the retaining the wall of the Cottesloe Surf Club.
“It had to go into the water that night because the next day, the water had subsided, the tide had gone out leaving a wide gap of sand between the edge of the retaining wall and the surf.”
Mr Carey said he was convinced Ms Cutler was never in the car when it went into the water.
He said this was because nothing belonging to her was ever found on the ocean floor, or washed-up on the beach.
“Knowing that the back seat of her vehicle was able to find its way to the beach, we would have expected that something belonging to Julie would have washed up, had she been in the vehicle," he said.

The former cop said he often wondered if there was someone who could have helped police solve the case in 1988, but who chose not to come forward.
“All these years later I am still wondering if that person did exist, then maybe their relationship with the person or persons responsible for Julie’s disappearance has changed or soured to the point whereby he or she no longer feels the need to remain silent,” he said.
“That being the case, I call on those persons to do the right thing.”
Senior Sergeant Quentin Flatman, of the Cold Case Homicide Squad, said police remained committed to finding out what happened to Ms Cutler.
“The suspicious disappearance of Julie Cutler in 1988 is an open and active case at the Cold Case Homicide Squad," he said. "The WA Police Force is committed to solving this and other long-term unsolved missing persons cases."
Anyone who has information about the circumstances of Julie Cutler's disappearance can contact Crime Stoppers: 1800 333 000 or www.crimestopperswa.com.au.
Reward offered
A $250,000 reward is being offered for information about Ms Cutler's disappearance, with police saying her family has been waiting in "pain and aguish".
The reward is for information that leads to the conviction of the person, or people, responsible for Ms Cutler's disappearance, as detectives launch a fresh investigation into the case.
The state government said it may also be prepared to consider recommending protecting an informant from prosecution, provided they weren't directly responsible for her disappearance.

Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Taskforce boss, who was suddenly removed from being the boss of the Macro Task Force, when he stated publicly the Claremont Serial Killer or Killers could be a Police Officer, a Taxi Driver, a Security Guard, or someone appearing to be one of these, and/or a well-respected person, and asked for any possible theories to be provided ... it appears that there was a concern that  Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Task Force boss, was getting to close to the truth and for that reason was quickly replaced by David John Caporn-who later because the Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner....David John Caporn was later forced to resign as a Western Australian Police Officer after being accused of helping the Western Australian Director of Public Prosecutions provide misleading evidence to have Andrew Mallard wrongly convicted of the murder of Pamela Lawrence.

The public need to understand that as soon as information was sent directly to Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Taskforce boss, about the claimed involvement of police and a well connected powerful business person in Perth Western Australia in what had become publicly known as the Claremont Serial Killings, Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Taskforce boss, was quickly removed as the head of the Macro Task Force, by a false corruption allegation made against Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Taskforce boss,, and the new head of the Macro Task Force was well connected Freemason Police Officer David John Caporn .... who was later accused of stopping an investigation in sex rated crimes against well known Perth footballer, Barry Cable .... 

The extremely important question remains .unanswered ...

Why hasn't material witness, Inspector Paul Ferguson,-Former Macro Taskforce boss,  been called by the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia as a witness in the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards who has been accused of  being the sole person that planned and carries out the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon  

The CIA's Involvement in Drug TraffickingCIA Drug Trafficking -The CIA's Involvement in Drug Trafficking-

This short documentary is evidence that proves The CIA has been importing drugs
bondageprincess
This short documentary is evidence that proves The CIA has been importing drugs into our country.
Category
News & Politics
 Posted: November 12, 2012 in Covert Operations, Drug Trafficking


Some sources say that the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has been involved in several drug trafficking operations. Some of these reports claim that congressional evidence indicates that the CIA worked with groups which it knew were involved in drug trafficking, so that these groups would provide them with useful intelligence and material support, in exchange for allowing their criminal activities to continue, and impeding or preventing their arrest, indictment, and imprisonment by U.S. law enforcement agencieshttps://globalintelnews.wordpress.com/2012/11/12/cia-drug-trafficking/ 

Afghanistan (S
The CIA supported various Afghan rebel commanders, such as Mujahideen leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who were fighting against the government of Afghanistan and the forces of the Soviet Union which were its supporters. Historian Alfred W. McCoy stated that:

“In most cases, the CIA’s role involved various forms of complicity, tolerance or studied ignorance about the trade, not any direct culpability in the actual trafficking … [t]he CIA did not handle heroin, but it did provide its drug lord allies with transport, arms, and political protection. In sum, the CIA’s role in the Southeast Asian heroin trade involved indirect complicity rather than direct culpability.”

Golden Triangle
CIA and Kuomintang opium smuggling operations
In order to provide covert funds for the Kuomintang (KMT) forces loyal to General Chiang Kai-shek, who were fighting the Chinese communists under Mao Zedong, the CIA helped the KMT smuggle opium from China and Burma to Bangkok, Thailand, by providing airplanes owned by one of their front businesses, Air America.

United States
Iran-Contra affair

Main articles: CIA and Contras cocaine trafficking in the US and Iran–Contra affair
Released on April 13, 1989, the Kerry Committee report concluded that members of the U.S. State Department “who provided support for the Contras were involved in drug trafficking… and elements of the Contras themselves knowingly received financial and material assistance from drug traffickers.”

In 1996 Gary Webb wrote a series of articles published in the San Jose Mercury News, which investigated Nicaraguans linked to the CIA-backed Contras who had smuggled cocaine into the U.S. which was then distributed as crack cocaine into Los Angeles and funneled profits to the Contras. The CIA was aware of the cocaine transactions and the large shipments of drugs into the U.S. by the Contra personnel and directly aided drug dealers to raise money for the Contras. Although he heavily implied CIA involvement, Webb never claimed to have made a direct link between the CIA and the Contras.[citation needed] Moreover, Webb’s articles were heavily attacked by many media outlets who questions the validity of his claims, although the unusual response led some to question if the CIA was involved. Webb turned the articles into a book called, Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion.” On December 10, 2004, Webb reportedly committed suicide.

In 1996, CIA Director John M. Deutch went to Los Angeles to attempt to refute the allegations raised by the Webb articles, and was famously confronted by former Los Angeles Police Department officer Michael Ruppert, who testified that he had witnessed it occurring.

The CIA has been accused of moneylaundering the iran-contra drug funds via the BCCI, the former U.S. Commissioner of Customs William von Raab said that when customs agents raided the bank in 1988, they found numerous CIA accounts.[6][7] The CIA also worked with BCCI in arming and financing the Afghan mujahideen during the Afghan War against the Soviet Union, using BCCI to launder proceeds from trafficking heroin grown in the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands, boosting the flow of narcotics to European and U.S. markets.

Mena, Arkansas
A number of allegations have been written about and several local, state, and federal investigations have taken place related to the notion of the Mena Intermountain Municipal Airport as a CIA drop point in large scale cocaine trafficking beginning in the latter part of the 1980s. The topic has received some press coverage that has included allegations of awareness, participation and/or coverup involvement of figures such as future presidents Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush, as well future Florida Governor Jeb Bush and Saline County prosecutor Dan Harmon (who was convicted of numerous felonies including drug and racketeering charges in 1997). The Mena airport was also associated with Adler Berriman (Barry) Seal, an American drug smuggler and aircraft pilot who flew covert flights for the CIA and the Medellín Cartel.

A criminal investigator from the Arkansas State Police, Russell Welch, who was assigned to investigate Mena airport claimed that he opened a letter which released electrostatically charged Anthrax spores in his face, and that he had his life saved after a prompt diagnosis by a doctor.[who?] He also claimed that later, his doctor’s office was vandalized, robbed, and test results and correspondence with the CDC in Atlanta were stolen.

An investigation by the CIA’s inspector general concluded that the CIA had no involvement in or knowledge of any illegal activities that may have occurred in Mena. The report said that the agency had conducted a training exercise at the airport in partnership with another Federal agency and that companies located at the airport had performed “routine aviation-related services on equipment owned by the CIA”.
Mexico
According to Peter Dale Scott, the Dirección Federal de Seguridad was in part a CIA creation, and “the CIA’s closest government allies were for years in the DFS”. DFS badges, “handed out to top-level Mexican drug-traffickers, have been labelled by DEA agents a virtual ‘license to traffic.'” Scott says that “The Guadalajara Cartel, Mexico’s most powerful drug-trafficking network in the early 1980s, prospered largely because it enjoyed the protection of the DFS, under its chief Miguel Nazar Haro, a CIA asset.”
Vicente Zambada Niebla, the son of Ismael Zambada García one of the top drug lords in Mexico, claimed after his arrest to his attorneys that he and other top Sinaloa cartel members had received immunity by U.S. agents and a virtual licence to smuggle cocaine over the United States border, in exchange for intelligence about rival cartels engaged in the Mexican Drug War.

Panama

The U.S. military invasion of Panama after which dictator Manuel Noriega was captured.
In 1989, the United States invaded Panama as part of Operation Just Cause, which involved 25,000 American troops. Gen. Manuel Noriega, head of government of Panama, had been giving military assistance to Contra groups in Nicaragua at the request of the U.S.—which, in exchange, allowed him to continue his drug-trafficking activities—which they had known about since the 1960s. When the DEA tried to indict Noriega in 1971, the CIA prevented them from doing so. The CIA, which was then directed by future president George H. W. Bush, provided Noriega with hundreds of thousands of dollars per year as payment for his work in Latin America. However, when CIA pilot Eugene Hasenfus was shot down over Nicaragua by the Sandinistas, documents aboard the plane revealed many of the CIA’s activities in Latin America, and the CIA’s connections with Noriega became a public relations “liability” for the U.S. government, which finally allowed the DEA to indict him for drug trafficking, after decades of allowing his drug operations to proceed unchecked. Operation Just Cause, whose ostensible purpose was to capture Noriega, pushed the former Panamanian leader into the Papal Nuncio where he surrendered to U.S. authorities. His trial took place in Miami, where he was sentenced to 45 years in prison.
Noriega’s prison sentence was reduced from 30 years to 17 years for good behavior. After serving 17 years in detention and imprisonment, his prison sentence ended on September 9, 2007. He was held under U.S. custody before being extradited to French custody where he was sentenced to 7 years for laundering money from Colombian drug cartels.
Venezuelan National Guard Affair
The CIA, in spite of objections from the Drug Enforcement Administration, allowed at least one ton of nearly pure cocaine to be shipped into Miami International Airport. The CIA claimed to have done this as a way of gathering information about Colombian drug cartels, but the cocaine ended up being sold on the street.


In November 1993, the former head of the DEA, Robert C. Bonner appeared on 60 Minutes and criticized the CIA for allowing several tons of pure cocaine to be smuggled into the U.S. via Venezuela without first notifying and securing the approval of the DEA.


In November 1996, a Miami grand jury indicted former Venezuelan anti-narcotics chief and longtime CIA asset, General Ramon Guillen Davila, who was smuggling many tons of cocaine into the United States from a Venezuelan warehouse owned by the CIA. In his trial defense, Guillen claimed that all of his drug smuggling operations were approved by the CIA.

 Robert Falconer appointed WA Police Commissioner
Monday, 13 June 1994
13/6/94
https://www.mediastatements.wa.gov.au/Pages/Court/1994/06/Robert-Falconer-appointed-WA-Police-Commissioner.aspx

Mr Robert (Bob) Falconer (50) has been appointed the next Commissioner of the Western Australian Police Force.
Police Minister Bob Wiese said Cabinet and Executive Council had approved the appointment for a term of five years.

Mr Falconer would be resigning his position as Deputy Commissioner (Operations) with the Victorian Police Force and would take up the position in WA on July 11

"Mr Falconer is the senior Deputy Commissioner in Victoria and is a tough operational police officer who is held in high esteem by his rank and file," Mr Wiese said

"He also has a reputation of being prepared to take the tough decisions, which will be a valuable asset in view of the major changes which are about to occur in the WA police service."

The Minister said Mr Falconer was the successful applicant from a very strong field from WA and the Eastern States.

"The Coalition Government decided that for the first time, the selection process for the new commissioner should be left to the professionals rather than politicians.
"The Public Service Commission was given the job of calling applications, convening a panel to short list and interview applicants and make a final recommendation to me.
"Included in that process was the use of a management company to conduct an executive search.
"At the end of that process, there were two favoured candidates - both from the Eastern States - but one subsequently advised that he no longer wanted to be considered for the position."

The Minister said that the new commissioner would receive a full briefing from the outgoing Commissioner Brian Bull when he took up his post.
"This is the first time that there has been an officer from outside the State appointed as Commissioner," Mr Wiese said.
"It coincides with another first for the police service - the use of outside consultants to look at the management of the department.
"Just as senior officers and the rank and file have supported that report so we can prepare the force for the 21st century, I would expect the entire WA force to work with the new commissioner to achieve this aim," Mr Wiese said.

Media contact:  Brian Coulter 481 2133 / 222 9595

David John Caporn-Former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner-who was previously in charge of the Macro Task Force set up to investigate the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings,  had to quickly resign from the Western Australian Police Force to stop an internal police investigation into his involvement senior DPP Prosecutor Kenneth Bates, in the presentation of misleading evidence and withholding material evidence at the trial of Andrew Mallard. 
Andrew Mallard was charged with the murder Pamela Lawrence in Mosman Park, Perth, Western Australia, who had his murder conviction quashed by the High Court of Australia, and was awarded  around $4 million in compensation for wrongfully having to spend 12 years in prison for a murder he did not commit, and now a few years later was mysteriously killed in Los Angeles in November, 2019 by a Hit and Run Driver ... questions are being as if those that were upset with Andrew Mallard winning his High Court Appeal, arranged for Andrew Mallard to be killed in Los Angeles by a Hit and Run Driver. David John Caporn-Former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner spent his time as the head of the Macro Task Force  making sure the resources of the Macro Task Force were spend on investigating people who were in the end rules out as suspects in the Claremont Serial Killings.


Australia Claremont Serial Killer, 1996 - 1997, Perth, Western ...

https://www.websleuths.com › Home › Forums › CRIMES › Serial Killers00001.

"I also believe that David Caporn single-handedly destroyed any potential this investigation had. Despite all of this, the fact remains that the WA Police inquiries into these ... The "blonde haired guy" didn't know SS and wanted to get out with the drunk .... Remember, it has stated in the image source, the cops are DNA testing …
https://www.websleuths.com/forums/threads/australia-claremont-serial-killer-1996-1997-perth-western-australia-5.306032/page-42#post-12607185
A few things I didn't know 1. The "blonde haired guy" didn't know SS and wanted to get out with the drunk woman dropped in Dalkeith.
2. Macro approached him 12 month ago asking about the blonde haired guy. Bartholemeus, Jun 4, 2016

BANCO- The Nugan Hand Bank and the CIA their involvement of international illegal drug trade
Daniel Stamper-0 BANCO

Justice Stephen Hall

​Justice Hall is now considering media requests for exhibits to be released. 
He's agreed for aerial photos of Karrakatta cemetery to be released, as well as a photograph of the cord used to restrain the rape victim. 
He's agreed to release a drag mark photo from the Karrakatta cemetery crime scene, but has declined to release photographs of the victim's clothing as it would be "unnecessarily likely to upset the victim".

 Prime minister Gough Whitlam watches ACTU president Bob Hawke drink beer from a yard glass Melbourne, Australia, 1972. Photograph: News Ltd/Newspix/REX

Some Comments taken from  the NYT.bz Investigation Team's explosive investigation into the last 40 to 60 years on the policing, political, courts, government, prosecution, criminal networks, social and business networks, media, business and legal world of Perth and Western Australia....


http://nyt.bz/ClaremontSerialKillings.html

"... What the Western Australian Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan and Stephen Brown, the Deputy Western Australian Police Commissioners and the various Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioners need to do to help to start solving Western Australia’s crime ever increasing crime woes is to sack all the Western Austrian Police Officers involved in committing serious crimes and/or protecting those who are involved in committing serious crimes such as illegal drug, importation, manufacture, growing and distribution, armed robberies, fraud and abductions, rape and murder …
The NYT.bz investigation team have for a long time offered information in their explosive investigation report on the history of crime, politics, law, policing, courts and the legal world of Perth and Western Australia 
 The NYT.bz investigation files that cover the last 40 to 60 years in Western Australia, have plenty of evidence and examples of Western Australia Police Officers, including very senior police as high as the Commissioner of Police being involved in committing serious crimes and/or protecting those who are involved in committing serious crimes ...... such as illegal drug, importation, manufacture, growing and distribution, armed robberies, fraud and abductions, rape and murder … Unfortunately there is a culture Western Australia whereby Western Australian Police are not keen to police themselves when the police are committing crimes … there is a brotherhood and even sisterhood code of silence that stops one police officer in Western Australia from bringing to light criminal, wrongful and/or immoral actions committed by other Western Australian Police Officers, no matter how bad or how serious the crime and/or wrongful and/or immoral actions committed by Western Australian Police Officer.s A special investigation report on the running to the state of Western Australia covering, politics, law, courts (clerical and judicial staff and employed in the courts), police, prosecution, crown law, the legal fraternity (lawyers barristers, magistrates, judges, justices), the ministry of justice, police, business, illegal drug networks, criminal networks, media, business, finance, banking, the Western Australian Public Trustee and all levels and sections of the Western Australian Government and semi-quasi government bodies and organizations etc., prepared over the last 40 to 60 years at great expense and thousands of man-hours and resources …. Shows along with many others the following examples … In the report, names are mentioned and the everything and everyone is exposed….. with no holes barred in exposing the whole rotten lot ..... and everyone involved and how it all operates .... and who operates what and why? ........

Without naming names in this short general comment on the Karl O'Callaghan, the Western Australian Police Commissioner’s comments in the West Australian Newspaper about how to reduce the ever-increasing crime rate in Western Australia the following examples are given:

see

http://nyt.bz/ClaremontSerialKillings.html