Laurie Webb Sacked PathWest technician who have been named as a CIA/MI6 Asset, Detective Sergeant James Stanbury, CIA/MI6 Asset, who has been accused of being derelict in his duties by allowing a prisoner to commit suicide before be could be questioned about another murder .....Ciara Glennon's DNA, Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ...... accused by CIA Insider of planting the DNA of Bradley Robert Edwards with Ciara Glennon's DNA ..... before it was given to Forensic Science Service in London​ ​ ... DNA doubt after state's leading forensic expert sacked for breaching protocol
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/dna-doubt-after-states-leading-forensic-expert-sacked-for-breaching-protocol-20170331-gvar0i.html By Heather McNeill - March 31, 2017 
​- Attorney General John Quigley told Mornings with Gareth Parker on Radio 6PR on Friday the sacking and breaches against Mr Webb were "unprecedented in Western Australia's criminal justice history".

 DNA captured from Ciara Glennon's body provided a breakthrough in the Claremont serial killings investigation. (ABC News)

Autopsy details of Claremont murder victims Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer released for first time
By Charlotte Hamlyn

23rd January 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-24/claremont-serial-killer-trial-suppression-order-lifted/11898410


Who were the Claremont victims?
Sarah Spiers. Jane Rimmer. Ciara Glennon.
Three women whose names were etched into Perth's consciousness more than 20 years ago.


Key points:
Details about the autopsies of Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer have been released to the public
Evidence from a post-mortem examiner suggests Ms Glennon was "stunned" before being kille
Jane Rimmer's cause of death was ruled "unascertainable"


Ciara Glennon was struck with an object that fractured her skull, "momentarily stunning her" before she was killed, the trial of the alleged Claremont serial killer has been told.

Graphic details of the injuries sustained by Ms Glennon and Jane Rimmer as they seemingly fought for their lives can now be revealed after a temporary suppression order preventing the publication of a forensic pathologist's evidence was lifted.

Ms Glennon, 27, was the third of Bradley Edwards's alleged victims after Jane Rimmer, 23, and Sarah Spiers, 18, whose body has never been found.

Edwards denies having anything to do with their disappearances or murders.
He has admitted to attacks on two teenagers, an 18-year-old woman as she slept in her Huntingdale home in 1988 and a 17-year-old girl, who he abducted and raped inside Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995.
Dr Karin Margolius was the chief forensic pathologist for both Ms Glennon's and Ms Rimmer's cases.
She died of cancer in 2010, so her statements, including observations from the post-mortems and from the crime scenes where the women's bodies were found, were read to the court by prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo.
Dr Margolius determined that Ms Glennon died from a "neck injury".

The court has already heard that she was found lying face down in bushland in Perth's north in 1997, with a "large, gaping" wound that ran from her temple to her neck.
"The neck defect is the most obvious injury to the body," Dr Margolius wrote in her report.
"Only the right side of the neck is involved. The left side is intact."
She also observed there was a large cut, about 20cm in length, to Ms Glennon's right arm.
In her opening statement, when the trial commenced two months ago, Ms Barbagallo said that injury was consistent with being inflicted by a sharp instrument.
"This is an incised wound and the angle of withdraw is different to the angle of insertion," Dr Margolius wrote.

The pathologist also observed that Ms Glennon had a depressed fracture to her skull, which she described as likely being a "sharp force injury", that would have occurred at or about the time of her death.
"In my opinion, this defect might have caused obtunding, blunting of the senses, momentarily stunning her or rendering her semi-conscious," Dr Margolius wrote.
She also found Ms Glennon's left thumbnail to be severely damaged and the tip of her right ring-fingernail torn off, determining that the damage to both nails had also occurred close to the time of death.
"The edges are irregular, shredded, torn, disrupted, not rounded and inconsistent to the remaining nails," she wrote.

The prosecution alleges a DNA profile found under Ms Glennon's left middle fingernail and left thumbnail matches Mr Edwards, claiming it got there when Ms Glennon scratched at her attacker as she tried to fend him off.

Jane Rimmer's cause of death 'unascertainable'

Dr Margolius also carried out the post-mortem on the body of Ms Rimmer, after it too was found in a bush grave, in an advanced stage of decomposition, almost two months after she disappeared from Claremont in June 1996.
She concluded the cause of Ms Rimmer's death was "unascertainable" but added, "I cannot exclude the possibility that it was the result of a neck injury".
Also present at the post-mortems and scene examinations was forensic pathologist Dr Clive Cooke, who gave evidence at the trial in person on Thursday and Friday.
He described the "diamond-shaped" defect to Ms Rimmer's neck, as being about 10cm by 17cm in size with "a raggedness to it".

The prosecution alleges it was inflicted by her killer with a bladed instrument used in a "cutting or even sawing action".
Dr Cooke also made observations about injuries to Ms Rimmer's left forearm, saying they were indicative of self-defence.
"People who are defending themselves from whatever the assault is will often assume a boxing position," Dr Cooke said as he raised his hands across his face to demonstrate that stance which exposes the elbow and little finger.
"Cuts along that aspect particularly are typical of self-defence."
He said the cut had breached the skin and soft tissue of Ms Rimmer's arm and was consistent with being caused by a sharp implement, such as a knife.

Details released after suppression order lifted
The initial suppression order preventing the publication of the autopsy details was imposed by Justice Stephen Hall, who is presiding over the marathon trial, after an application was made by Ms Barbagallo on behalf of the victims' families.
She told the court on Thursday that the relatives of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon had never been privy to the "minutiae" of the post-mortems and that details should be suppressed to protect the dignity of the deceased.

"[Their families] would not know what's been done, what's been kept, how it's been examined multiple times," Ms Barbagallo said.
"They have been spared that detail over the years."
However, on Friday lawyers representing Seven West Media made a submission, requesting an amendment to the terms of the order.
Justice Hall revoked the original suppression and issued a less restrictive one.
"In many murder trials the deceased's dignity is lost to a significant extent," Justice Hall said.
"[Dr Margolius' reports] were fairly typical of post-mortem reports in the methodology that was used and the level of detail. There was nothing remarkable about them.
"The reports of the media will be incomplete and perhaps inaccurate unless they can report on what's happening in open court.
"I don't want to be in charge of the way the media reports the proceedings."
The trial will resume on Tuesday.


PHOTO: Bradley Edwards is accused of killing (from top) Sarah Spiers, Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's far north in 1995. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland in the southern Perth suburb of Wellard. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Dr Clive Cook observed the post-mortem examinations on Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)

LEGEND: The alleged sources of the fibres
Blue polyester
Mr Edwards’ Telstra-issued navy trousers
Blue non-delustered rayon fibres
Mr Edwards’ Telstra-issued navy shorts
Grey polyester
Seat inserts from Mr Edwards’ 1996 Holden Commodore VS Series l
Light grey polypropylene
Main cabin area upholstery from Mr Edwards’ 1996 Holden Commodore VS Series l
Dark grey polypropylene
Main cabin area upholstery from Mr Edwards’ 1996 Holden Commodore VS Series l
Blue-grey polypropylene
Rear cargo area upholstery from Mr Edwards’ 1996 Holden Commodore VS Series l

Graham Paul gives evidence at Claremont serial killer trial
Mortuary technician Graham Paul leaves the Perth District Court after giving evidence at the Claremont serial killer trial.ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn

Ciara Glennon 'momentarily stunned' by blow to back of head before death: Forensic pathologist
By Heather McNeill
January 24, 2020 
Ciara Glennon is the alleged third victim of the accused Claremont serial killer.
Jane Rimmer.
Bradley Edwards
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/ciara-glennon-suffered-blow-to-back-of-head-that-likely-rendered-her-semi-conscious-forensic-pathologist-20200124-p53uia.html

The accused Claremont serial killer’s third alleged victim, Ciara Glennon, suffered a blow to the back of her head which may have "momentarily stunned her" and rendered her semi-conscious shortly before she was killed.
The graphic details of the injury, read into court on Thursday for the first time, were temporarily suppressed to allow restrictions to be placed on the media’s reporting of the autopsies carried out on Ms Glennon and Jane Rimmer’s bodies out of respect for their families.
That suppression order was altered on Friday afternoon to allow most details to now be published in relation to the post mortems carried out by forensic pathologist, Karin Margolius.

Dr Margolius died in 2010.
Her reports on how the women died and the injuries they suffered while fighting for their lives were read into court on Thursday by prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo.
For the first time in the trial, a depressed fracture to the back of Ms Glennon's skull discovered during her autopsy was explained.
"In regards to the defect located at the back of the head, the occipital region, it is my opinion the defect is more likely to be a sharp force injury, but I cannot exclude it is a blunt force injury,” Dr Margolius wrote.
"In my opinion this defect may have caused obtunding - a blunting of the senses - momentarily stunning her or rendering her semi-conscious.”

The autopsy also revealed three cuts to Ms Glennon’s neck area, the largest defect being 21 centimetres; a suspected defensive wound to her right forearm, and two torn fingernails.


Her cause of death was determined to be a neck injury.
The 27-year-old’s body was fully clothed when it was found in Eglinton bushland on April 3, 1997 – 19 days after she vanished from the streets of Claremont following a night out with her colleagues.
Dr Margolius noted her handbag, shoes and jacket, however, were never found.
"The short-sleeved white and pale pink pattern shirt was crumpled at the waist revealing a portion of the back of the deceased ... further examination revealed [blood] staining on the back of it.
"Beneath the T-shirt was a stained bra.
"On the lower half of her body was a crumpled-up black lined skirt. The side seam to the skirt had been twisted around.
"The seam with the pleat had been torn for a distance of approximately two centimetres. The zip in the seam was open at the top two centimetres."

The state alleges Bradley Edwards got Ms Glennon into his Telstra-issued work vehicle, and then “subdued and incapacitated her” before murdering her.
Prosecutors claim the bodies of Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer were found in a “strikingly similar” way, both left in bushland, both with similar defensive wounds, both lying face down in a similar manner and both partially covered with vegetation snapped off nearby trees.

Ms Rimmer, however, was found naked, her clothing and belongings never located.
The 23-year-old’s body was found on August 3, 1996 – 55 days after she went missing from Claremont after a night out with friends.
During her autopsy, Dr Margolius noted a large defect to Ms Rimmer’s neck, however due to the advanced stage of decomposition, was unable to determine a cause of death.
In interpreting his colleague’s examination, former chief forensic pathologist Clive Cooke in evidence on Friday said the 17 centimetre defect likely indicated an injury before death.
"The degree of decomposition is suggestive of a pre-existing breach to the skin ... it's a cut to the skin, to be blunt,” he said.
The state alleges Ms Rimmer was dragged by her left arm to where her body was found, with her limb found hyper-extended above her head and her wrist dislocated.

Justice Stephen Hall has previously queried if the state would be alleging the murders were sexually motivated, given it intends to use Mr Edwards’ 1995 rape conviction as propensity evidence to show he allegedly had a tendency to attack women he didn't know when he was upset.

Ms Barbagallo responded at the time that the state was not “necessarily nailing our colours to the wall on that”.
“Certainly evidence of it in terms of Ms Rimmer as in her body being found naked,” she said.

Mr Edwards’ alleged first murder victim, Sarah Spiers, has never been found.
During a suppression order hearing on Friday afternoon, Ms Barbagallo argued parts of the post-mortem examinations should not be published as they were not relevant to the case and impacted on the dignity of the victims.
Justice Hall agreed in part and issued a new order banning the publication of certain aspects of the post mortem findings, however he has allowed the remainder of the evidence of the state's three forensic pathologists Dr Margolius, Professor Cooke and Alana Buck to now be reported.
"It occurred to me when I was listening to the reports of Dr Margolius yesterday that they were fairly typical of post mortem reports in the methodology that was used and the level of detail in them," he said.
"There was nothing remarkable about them, of course for any individual family it is always a matter of great sensitivity and no doubt distress, but that's just an unfortunate incidence of murder trials."
Mr Edwards has pleaded not guilty to the murders of Ms Spiers, Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon.
The trial continues.
Heather McNeill
Heather McNeill is the crime and courts editor at WAtoday.

The crime scene on Pipidinny Road in Eglinton where Ciara Glennon's body was found in 1997. (ABC News)

 How a controversial DNA test changed the course of the Claremont serial killings investigation
By Andrea Mayes Updated about 6 hours ago
31st January 2020

ABC News Australia 

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-02-01/dna-discovery-ciara-glennon-changed-claremont-killings-probe/11914424 

The murders that rocked Perth
RN's The History Listen examines the case that's transfixed Perth for decades.  
Guilty plea rocks Claremont trial
Bradley Edwards has pleaded guilty to raping a teen girl in a cemetery and attacking an 18-year-old woman in her home.  
How a controversial DNA test changed the course of the Claremont serial killings investigation


PHOTO: DNA captured from Ciara Glennon's body provided a breakthrough in the Claremont serial killings investigation. (ABC News)
PHOTO: DNA evidence helped convict Bradley Murdoch of Peter Falconio's murder. (AAP) PHOTO: Joanne Lees with her boyfriend Peter Falconio, who was murdered by Bradley Murdoch in 2001. (AAP) PHOTO: Bradley Edwards does not contest that his DNA was found on samples from Ciara Glennon's fingernail scrapings. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)
PHOTO: Edwards has admitted raping a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 after abducting her as she walked home from Claremont at night. (ABC: Emma Wynne)


It was the eureka moment for which detectives investigating the Claremont serial killings had waited over a decade.
In January 2009, a crucial link was made between the apparent murders of three young women after they vanished from the streets of the Claremont entertainment precinct in 1996 and 1997 and the brutal rape of a teenage girl in 1995 as she walked home from Claremont at night.
It was the eureka moment for which detectives investigating the Claremont serial killings had waited over a decade.

The disappearances of receptionist Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare assistant Jane Rimmer, 23, and 27-year-old lawyer Ciara Glennon had shocked Perth, even more so when the bodies of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon were found in bushland weeks after they were last seen.
But despite unprecedented publicity and police appeals for help, there had been no arrest.
While little appeared to be happening publicly, behind the scenes the Macro Task Force — set up specifically to investigate the case — was working diligently to find the killer.


In June 2008 then-deputy police commissioner Chris Dawson ordered a review of potential lines of inquiry, asking his team to pursue testing of the forensic evidence overseas, where more advanced techniques were being used.
Police forensic expert Sergeant George Paton, together with Laurie Webb, a senior scientist at PathWest, the state's pathology laboratory, were tasked with taking key samples that had been retrieved from Ms Glennon's body to the UK for testing.

More viable samples could be extracted from Ms Glennon's body than from Ms Rimmer's, as it had been discovered 19 days after her disappearance. In contrast, Ms Rimmer's body had been exposed to the elements for 55 days before being found.
Nonetheless, both bodies were significantly decomposed and much of the important forensic material police might expect to find at a crime scene was no longer present.

DNA technique used in Falconio murder

By 2008, various samples from the bodies of Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer had already been subjected to a variety of forensic testing, both in Australia and New Zealand, but nothing of note had been discovered and detectives were desperate for a breakthrough in the long-running case.
The UK testing — using a highly specialised technique unavailable in Australia at the time that amplifies the tiniest fragments of tissue samples — proved pivotal.
Low Copy Number (LCN) testing had been used in the UK for a number of years by then and had been employed to solve cold case murders and other serious crimes within Britain and elsewhere.
This included the murder of young British backpacker Peter Falconio in Barrow Creek, in the Northern Territory, in July 2001.
His killer, Bradley Murdoch, was arrested because his DNA was found on three crucial exhibits — the t-shirt Mr Falconio's girlfriend Joanne Lees was wearing on the night he attacked the pair, the gearstick from the couple's Kombi van and the makeshift handcuffs he used to bind her hands together.

Initially, only the t-shirt had yielded traces of Murdoch's DNA, but a closer examination of samples from the gearstick and handcuffs by Jonathan Whitaker of the UK's Forensic Science Service, using the LCN technique, found microscopic DNA samples that matched Murdoch.

But the LCN technique has not been without controversy.

In 2007, the year before the Claremont samples were sent to the UK, use of LCN was temporarily suspended by British authorities following the Omagh bombings trial, in which Sean Hoey was acquitted of the murders of 29 people in Northern Ireland in 1998.
The judge in that trial had concluded that LCN testing — on which much of the Omagh evidence centred — was unreliable, but the suspension was lifted after an investigation found it to be a sound technique for detecting DNA.

Karrakatta rape link discovered

Four samples from Ms Glennon's fingernails were taken to the UK, along with eyelash and hair samples.
In the UK lab, a decision was made to combine two of the samples, known as AJM 40 and AJM 42, which comprised scrapings from Ms Glennon's left thumbnail and middle fingernail.
Once this combined sample was tested, a breakthrough finally came.
DNA from an unknown male was discovered on the sample by Dr Whitaker, the same DNA expert involved in the Falconio case.
Details of this tiny DNA sample were entered into both the UK and Australian databases, but no match was found.

But on January 16, 2009, the eureka moment came.
Having returned from London, Laurie Webb entered the unknown man's DNA onto the WA database — and there was a match.
The sample matched DNA extracted from intimate swabs taken from a 17-year-old girl raped in February 1995 at Karrakatta Cemetery, leading police to believe the same perpetrator was responsible for murdering Ms Glennon.
It would be close to another eight years before police were able to identify their suspect — Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards — through a convoluted trail of evidence from a series of crimes he committed as early as 1988.
These included the Karrakatta Cemetery rape, to which Edwards admitted just weeks before his murder trial was due to start
But this vital DNA breakthrough that prosecutors argue links the rape with the murders came under the spotlight this week in the WA Supreme Court and is expected to be the focus of the trial in the coming weeks.

The crucial PathWest testimony
The evidence of PathWest staff — which began on Thursday when forensic scientist Anna-Marie Ashley took the stand — will be pivotal to the case against Edwards.
Ms Ashley outlined in painstaking detail the way PathWest received samples from both the Karrakatta rape victim and Ms Glennon's post-mortem examination, and the administrative processes involved in labelling and documenting the items, storing them, extracting sub-samples from the main samples and analysing them.
Every step of the process has been laid bare, underscoring the importance of this evidence to the case.
Samples from the rape victim were held in the same laboratory and analysed by the same PathWest scientists as the Glennon samples, and the possibility of cross-contamination between the samples is something the defence has already flagged as a major focus.

Defence counsel Paul Yovich SC said in his opening address, "exhibit handling, recording and forensic processing protocols were not always satisfactory".

While Edwards has conceded it is his DNA on Ms Glennon's fingernail samples, Mr Yovich has indicated he would try to cast reasonable doubt on how it got there.
In his opening address, he questioned whether the DNA came from her fingernails, "or perhaps from the sides of the yellow-top containers in which that debris had been stored, or perhaps from a combination of some or all of these things".

State prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo SC, in contrast, has stated firmly that "DNA within a particular sample doesn't just fly around a laboratory".

Key parts of the defence's argument are expected to be revealed when Mr Yovich begins what is expected to be a robust line of questioning of Ms Ashley on Monday.

Perth trial of alleged killer of Irish woman hinges on DNA
Bradley Robert Edwards (50) charged over death of Ciara Glennon (27) in March 1997
Sun, Nov 24, 2019,
Ciara Glennon: was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared. File photograph: PerthNow

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/perth-trial-of-alleged-killer-of-irish-woman-hinges-on-dna-1.4093688

A sole piece of DNA evidence from an Irish woman killed in Australia more than 20 years ago could hold the key to one of the most anticipated trials in the country’s history.

Bradley Robert Edwards (50) will appear before a Western Australian court on Monday charged over the death of Ciara Glennon, whose family are originally from Westport in Co Mayo.
Ms Glennon (27) disappeared on the night of March 14th, 1997, after celebrating St Patrick’s Day with friends in the upmarket suburb of Claremont, Perth.
Her parents, Denis and Una Glennon, identified their daughter’s body three weeks later after it was found in bushland, 50km north of Perth.
A postmortem on her body revealed the cause of death was consistent with a neck injury such as a laceration.
In an update published in early November, Western Australian supreme court justice Stephen Hall allowed state prosecutors to submit late evidence of DNA material found under the fingertips of Ms Glennon.


‘Claremont serial killings’
Prosecutors will allege the DNA belongs to Mr Edwards, who is also accused of the murders of Sarah Spiers (18), and Jane Rimmer (23), who also both vanished from the Claremont area in the mid-1990s. The killings were later dubbed the Claremont serial killings.
The state is expected to argue Ms Glennon scratched Mr Edwards’s face before he murdered her, with the DNA allegedly located underneath her fingernails when her body was found.
The prosecution will call on UK-based Principal Forensic Services scientist Jonathan Whitaker, who will consider whether that DNA was a result of passive social contact, or the scratching of a person.

Mr Edwards’s defence lawyer Paul Yovich has previously stated he would challenge the DNA evidence, claiming it could have been contaminated.
The DNA evidence is expected to form a crucial part of the trial, as it is the single piece of such evidence the state has in relation to Mr Edwards.
Justice Hall – who will preside over the non-jury trial, expected to last six months – also allowed fibres from Ms Glennon’s hair, which prosecutors allege matched those from the same model of Holden Commodore Mr Edwards was driving when he was employed as a technician for Telstra at the time of her death.


Talented lawyer
Ms Glennon was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared.
She grew up in the leafy suburb of Mosman Park after her family emigrated to Australia when she was six. Ms Glennon had taken some time off work to travel the world, including visiting relatives in Ireland.
She returned to Perth in February 1997 to be a bridesmaid for her sister Denise, but was killed before the wedding date.
Una and Denis Glennon have attended almost every pre-trial hearing. The Glennon family have been media-shy, but when Mr Edwards was arrested in late 2016 Mr Glennon told Perth media it was a “very bittersweet” moment.


“This is a very raw and bittersweet time,” Mr Glennon said. “We are being updated by the WA Police, and hence it is best that I do not comment on the recent developments.”
Mr Edwards had pleaded not guilty to the murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon.

Ciara Glennon-was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared. File photograph- PerthNow

Forensic officer speaks at Claremont trial
JANUARY 22 2020
https://www.youngwitness.com.au/story/6592031/forensic-officer-speaks-at-claremont-trial/?cs=9397 
National 
 A police officer who was at the scene where Ciara Glennon's body was found will give more evidence.


A forensic officer who attended Ciara Glennon's crime scene and the site of a rape the accused Claremont serial killer committed two years earlier will continue testifying at Western Australia's so-called trial of the century.
Adam McCulloch told the WA Supreme Court trial of ex-Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards on Tuesday that he wore protective clothing at the bushland site where Ms Glennon was dumped in 1997, but never touched her, as the defence continues to suggest evidence may have been contaminated.
But he touched Ms Glennon's hand while wearing gloves at her post-mortem, as her fingernail clippings were collected.
Prosecutors say DNA found under her left thumbnail and left middle finger matches Edwards, and was also found on the 17-year-old girl he admits raping at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995.
Sgt McCulloch explained the teenager's underwear and shorts, which he called a skirt, were bagged together because they were collected together.
Prosecutors argue fibres collected from the shorts were from Telstra-issued clothing, which were also allegedly found on the bodies of Ms Glennon and Jane Rimmer.
The court heard Ms Glennon's "sodden, soiled and moist" shirt was placed in a paper bag without evidence tape to seal it.
Prosecutors also claim fibres from a car Edwards used for work were found on Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer.

It is further alleged that DNA found on the rape victim and under Ms Glennon's nails matched sperm recovered from a silk kimono Edwards left behind at a Huntingdale home where he attacked a sleeping 18-year-old woman in 1988.
Sgt McCulloch will continue to be questioned on Wednesday, which is day 30 of the judge-alone trial.

Australian Associated Press

Sarah Spiers, pictured with her shearer father, Don, not long before she disappeared in 1996. Picture: Channel 9.Source: Supplied

 ‘Injuries Too Similar to Ignore’- Claremont serial killings trial podcast
Kate RyanPerthNow
January 29, 2020 12:42PM
Kate Ryan

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-injuries-too-similar-to-ignore-ng-b881447490z
Perth WA NewsCourts & JusticeCrime
Forensic pathologist Dr Clive Cooke told the court during his fourth day on the stand that Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon suffered similar injuries on their necks and hands, and that they both likely died as a result of having their necks cut with a knife.
That information isn’t new to the trial, but as Tim Clarke explains in this episode, it’s significant because it’s the first time an expert witness has been asked about - and explained - injuries inflicted on both women as a collective.
Criminal defence lawyer Damien Cripps joins the Claremont in Conversation team to discuss why this is significant, as well as throw some questions about the other piece of evidence that Dr Cooke also provided today - that there’s no evidence to suggest that Ciara Glennon was sexually assaulted before her murder.
For full coverage of WA's trial of the century, head to TheWest.com.au
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings
If you have a question for the podcast, email us at claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au
For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to TheWest.com.au

No evidence of sexual assault of Jane Rimmer or Ciara Glennon

What were the real reasons for the abductions of  Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon?

​".... If there was no sexual assault of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ... why would Bradley Edwards, an admitted rapist  ... have abducted these girls?..... this leads to the obvious conclusion that another type of person or persons violently murdered these two girls for other reasons ... the prosecution has presented the only reason why Bradley Robert Edwards would have abducted Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, was to relieve his sexual frustrations because of disputes with his former female partners .... and in Bradley Edwards' own admittance he abducted and raped a female in the Karrakatta Cemetry and let her live .... if Robert Edwards was a violent murderer, he could have and would likely to have murdered that girl in the Karakatta Cemetry or taken her somewhere else to murder her ...  this supports the statement made by Sarah Anne McMahon before she was last seen on the way to meet Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, on the 8th November 2000 .... that ... "... a well known well off powerful business person ....... xxxxx.... and police ....xxxxxx.... were involved in the Claremont Serial Killings ..." information that the Western Australian Police, the Government of Western Australia and the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia have constantly refused to investigate and take note of .... along with other publicly known material evidence such as the real last sighting of Jane Rimmer on Stirling Highway hitchhiking towards the City of Perth is a drunk looking condition at around 12.30 am and the bricklayer who saw a Taxi with a person sitting in the back with no lights on at around 4 am near where the body where Ciara Glennon was found, on the same morning that Ciara Glennon disappeared ....  the evidence of the bricklayer would oppose the claim by the prosecution that Bradley Edwards was the sole abductor and murderer of Ciara Glennon in a Commodore Station Wagon ..the there is the evidence stated at the trial that an important neck bone was completely removed from Jane Rimmer ...which would be a surgical type operation which Bradley Edwards was meant to have done with a small Telstra Pocket Knife... the truth sounds more like this neck bone was taken out for sale as a body part for someone who would pay any price for such part if the prat was needed ... there is no doubt that the sale of body parts is big business around the world and that the Triads are thought to be involved with ..... the evidence we have has led to the strong implication that the Chinese Triads had taken a major control of the illegal drugs distribution and sale of illegal drugs, in particular, Crystal Meth .....  in Western Australia from around 1990 onwards and had certain powerful police on their payroll ..... we also note that evidence at Sarah McMahon's inquest suggested that Donald Morey, aka Matusevich was supplying Sarah McMahon $10,000 parcels of Crystal Meth to sell to high-income party-goers in Claremont ..... for some reason the WA Police have not been interested in seriously investigating the involvement of Donald Morey, aka Matusevich in large parcels of illegal drug distribution and the likely murder of Sarah Anne McMahon ....  WA Police toom four days to collect the bag belonging to  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich which Mrs Marita Allen claimed that ' inside the bag there were two rolls of dirty grey, used gaffer tape, four lengths of ropes with knots in the ends about two feet in length, two knives, one of which was Mr Allen’s pocket knife, two large rubber bands, one condom in a packet, two pornographic magazines, between five and seven keyrings and a map. She claimed that the porn books contained pictures of men with blood on their genitals and women tied up who appeared to be dead. In evidence Mrs Allen described the pictures of these women in the following terms (ts 99): There was a magazine, a couple of them, they had pictures of women tied up. These women had red lipstick on or bright pink lipstick on, they had their mouths gagged, their eyes gagged or their eyes blindfolded. They had – they were naked and these girls looked dead. Mrs Allen said that she rang police about the bag as soon as she saw it, but it took them four days to get back to her and for someone to come to their house. In that time Mr Morey’s then partner, Lynne Bishop, had taken the bag....' ......

THE ACCOUNT OF NATASHA KENDRICK
In her statement dated 11 November 2011 Ms Kendrick claimed to have seen a body at Mr Allen’s home at 2 Augustus Place, Marangaroo. On her account the body looked like Ms McMahon and it is clear from her statement that she was referring to Ms McMahon. According to her statement Mr Allen told her to come to the address at about 9.30pm on a night which must have been either 8 November 2000 or close to that date. In this account she stated that Mr Allen had said something like, ‘He’s gone and killed her’. She said she walked into Mr Morey’s room and saw a naked girl on the bed. She said that there was an ‘old fashioned rope’ around the girl’s neck. She stated that she later saw the rope on the bedroom floor and it was about a yard long. She stated that the person looked dead to her and there was blood on her face and on her stomach. She stated that Mr Allen’s right hand was swollen and there were marks on his knuckles. She claimed that he said something like, ‘He had punched her in the head to shut her up but it didn’t’. 6 Later she stated that she cleaned the house. Ms Kendrick claimed that she saw Mr Morey carrying ‘something wrapped in a quilt over his left shoulder’.7 She said she knew it was the girl. Later she saw Mr Allen put the body in the bed of a utility and Mr Morey drove away. 

At the inquest telephone calls between Ms Kendrick and former detective Michael Bone, Ms Kendrick and her mother and the Ms Kendrick and her brother made shortly after she provided the statement were played. In these it is clear that the account which Ms Kendrick had given to police contained in this statement had been volunteered by her.
Ms Kendrick, for example, referring to her contact with the police told her brother ‘… I have done something positive’. In the telephone calls Ms Kendrick spoke at length of her interaction with police in very positive terms. 

Coroners Act, 1996 [Section 26(1)] Western Australia -=RECORD OF INVESTIGATION INTO DEATH- Ref No: 47/201
I, Alastair Neil Hope, State Coroner, having investigated the suspected death of Sarah Anne McMAHON with an Inquest held at Perth Coroner’s Court on 11-14 December 2012, find beyond reasonable doubt that the death has been established, that the identity of the deceased person was Sarah Anne McMAHON and that death occurred on or about 8 November 2000 at an unknown location as a result of unknown causes, by way of Unlawful Homicide, in the following circumstance
Counsel Appearing : Philip Urquhart- Counsel Assisting the State Coroner John Rando (John Rando & Co) appearing on behalf of Natasha Kendrick

http://www.wikipediaexposed.org/sarah_anne_mcmahon.html
https://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf

​We have unending evidence on our files of historical endemic corruption in the Western Australian Police Service, the WA Prosecution and Legal System and the WA Government are not interested in looking at such evidence .... it seems that only an in-depth no holes barred independent judicial inquiry for the years 1970 until the year 2019 would bring all the is needed to public light and bring the spotlight on those who have abused their power and influence in Western Australian over the last 50 odd years .... it well known that the Australian Federal Police are fed up with the corruption of the Western Australian Police .... it may be time for the Australian Federal Police place more resources in Western Australia and start investigating what is really going on in Western Australia and take over a senior role of Western Australian Policing .... also the Western Australian media needs to start reporting openly and honestly about the truth as to what has been going on in Western Australia over the last 50 odd years .... the only daily newspaper in Western Australian known as the West Australian Newspaper (TheWest) is known as "The Bible of Western Australia" .... because what is stated in the West is taken by Western Australian's as the gospel truth and what is not reported in the West as far as Western Australians are concerend did not happen ..... the average West Australian would say ...." look if such a thing really happened it would be reported in the West..'

.....  plot thickens with the information coming out at the trial of Bradley Edwards creating more questions than answers... "..... NYT CSK Investigation Team​​

​Forensic pathologist Clive Cooke returned to the stand for a fourth day on Wednesday, telling the court that like Ms Rimmer, Ms Glennon’s body was too decomposed to determine whether she had been raped. “There were no injuries observed that you might associate with sexual penetration,” Dr Cooke said.
He earlier testified there was no evidence Ms Rimmer had been “sexually penetrated” before she was killed but agreed “the absence of injury, of course, doesn’t mean it didn’t occur”. taken from

Claremont serial killings trial told Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon died while trying to defend themselves
By Andrea Mayes

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-29/claremont-serial-killings-trial-jane-rimmer-ciara-glennon-deaths/11910290

Bradley Robert Edwards is facing trial over the Claremont serial killings. CREDIT:STEPHEN KIPRILLIS

Ex-Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering three women in 1996 and 1997 (Supplied)

Hyoid Bone Diagram 1

DNA evidence helped convict Bradley Murdoch of Peter Falconio's murder. (AAP)

Claremont serial killings trial hears Jane Rimmer's body found with neck bone missing
By Charlotte Hamyln
21st January, 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-20/claremont-serial-killings-trial-jane-rimmer-neck-bone-missing/11882244


PHOTO: Mortuary technician Graham Paul leaves the Perth District Court after giving evidence at the Claremont serial killer trial. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)
PHOTO: Superintendent John Leembruggen spent two years in the 1990s working for the Macro Task Force. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)
PHOTO: A Telstra-issued knife with an embossed logo was found near where Jane Rimmer's body was discovered in Wellard. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)
PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards denies committing the crimes known as the Claremont serial killings. (ABC News: Anne Barnetson)

Key points:
Ms Rimmer's body was badly decomposed when it was found south of Perth
She was one of three women who disappeared from Claremont in the 1990s
Lawyers are scrutinising forensic procedures used in examining the cases

A post-mortem examination carried out on the body of Jane Rimmer almost two months after her disappearance from Claremont found a bone was missing from her neck, according to a former senior member of the Macro police task force.
Bradley Robert Edwards is accused of killing Ms Rimmer, 23, Sarah Spiers, 18, and Ciara Glennon, 27, but denies the murder charges against him.
His marathon Supreme Court trial has now entered its seventh week, but is expected to continue for several months as it sifts through mountains of evidence.

Superintendent John Leembruggen, who is currently in charge of WA's police air wing division, spent two years in the 1990s working for the Macro Task Force — the police unit set up to investigate the string of Claremont disappearances.
The then detective senior constable was also the officer who liaised directly with the Rimmer family during the early phase of the investigation.
Ms Rimmer's badly decomposed body was discovered in bushland in Wellard, south of Perth, 55 days after her disappearance from Claremont in June 1996 and was taken to the state mortuary, where forensic pathologists performed a post-mortem examination.

The day after the autopsy, Superintendent Leembruggen went back to the scene in Wellard to inform forensic police of what the pathologists had found.

He told the court Ms Rimmer's hyoid bone, found in the neck, was missing and that he had passed that information on to his police colleagues who were conducting a search of the area.

Telstra knife mystery
Superintendent Leembruggen also went to Greenacres Riding School, close to where Ms Rimmer's body had been found, where he seized a knife that had been discovered by a man riding a horse on a track nearby.
The court has previously heard the wooden-handled pocket knife was Telstra-issued.
As a result of that find, the officer contacted telecommunications providers to find out whether any recent work had been undertaken in the Wellard area.

However, he told the trial those enquiries were short-lived.
"We rang Telstra and Optus to see what they might have done," Superintendent Leembruggen told the court.
"They provided us with some maps and information and no further enquiries were arising."
'People are going to be astounded'
Superintendent Leembruggen also went to the crime scene where Ms Glennon's body was found on April 3, 1997, along with David Caldwell, a police investigator from South Carolina who had experience in serial killings.

Back in 1997, before anyone had been charged over the disappearances of the three women, Mr Caldwell held a press conference offering his insights into the type of person he believed could have committed the Claremont murders.
"This person is probably very bright, very much in control of himself, has all of the outward appearances of a very stable person," Mr Caldwell said at the time.
"This is probably a very pleasant, normal-appearing person.
"I daresay that when this guy is arrested, I guarantee that people are going to be absolutely astounded.
"They're going to say, 'I worked with this guy. He's my next-door neighbour. Surely it can't be?'"

Technician quizzed on DNA knowledge
The trial also heard from another mortuary technician who assisted in Ms Glennon's post-mortem examination.
Graham Paul took the court through his processes as he assisted forensic pathologists with their examinations of Ms Glennon's body.
He was shown video footage of the post-mortem examination which showed him cleaning debris from his glove with a sponge that had been earlier been on the floor.
Defence lawyer Genevieve Cleary asked Mr Paul about his familiarity with DNA technology back in the 1990s.

"It would be fair to say in 1995, 1996 and 1997 you didn't know you could leave DNA on a body by touching it?" Ms Cleary asked.
"There's always a chance of cross-contamination," Mr Paul said.
"But to what extent … I think there was just limited knowledge."
The trial continues.

Anatomy, Head and Neck, Hyoid Bone
Ghadeer H. AlJulaih; Ritesh G. Menezes.
Author Information
April 5, 2019.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK539726/

Introduction
The hyoid bone (hyoid) is a small U-shaped (horseshoe-shaped) solitary bone, situated in the midline of the neck anteriorly at the base of the mandible and posteriorly at the fourth cervical vertebra. Its anatomical position is just superior to the thyroid cartilage. It is closely linked with an extended tendon-muscular complex but not specifically interconnected to any adjacent bones and hence is considered by many anatomists and anthropologists to be an unconventional bone. It is anchored in the anterior triangle of the neck by muscles from the larynx, pharynx, tongue, and the floor of the mouth. The name hyoid derives from the Greek word “hyodeides,” which means “shaped like the letter Upsilon.” Although dubbed as an unconventional bone, the hyoid being a part of the hyoid-larynx complex is indeed a bone of clinical and forensic significance.

Structure and Function
The hyoid consists of a body, two greater horns, and two lesser horns.[1] The body forms the central quadrilateral-shaped broad segment of the hyoid. The greater horns are larger and longer than the lesser horns of the hyoid. The greater horns and lesser horns are also known as cornu majus and cornu minus, respectively. The body and the greater horns appear to give the hyoid its U-shape with the greater horns forming the limbs of the "U" on either side of the body. The greater and lesser horns normally unite to the body of the hyoid via fibrous tissue or a true joint.[2] As age progresses, there is a physiological progression of ankylosis of the joints connecting the greater and lesser horns with the body of the hyoid.  
The hyoid takes part in all possible functional actions of the orofacial complex. It preserves the patency of the airway between the oropharynx above and tracheal rings below. It also connects to the larynx and hence plays a role in phonation. Other functions include tongue movement, mastication, swallowing, prevention of regurgitation, and even respiration.[1][3] Furthermore, the hyoid maintains the posture of the head, due to the complex connection it presumes between the mandible and the cervical spine.[1]

Embryology
The second pharyngeal arch forms the lesser horn (cornu) and the upper body of the hyoid, while the greater horn (cornu) and the lower portion of the body derive from the third pharyngeal arch. This embryonic development of the hyoid remains controversial.[1] The ossification of the greater horns occurs toward the end of the normal gestational period of the fetus; this is followed by the ossification of the body of the hyoid soon after birth. Eventually, ossification of the lesser horns occurs during the first or second year after birth. Later in adulthood, normally the horns fuse with the body, but this may not take place in all individuals. The hyoid is situated anterior to the second and third cervical vertebra during infancy, and ultimately in adulthood, it descends to the level of the fourth and fifth cervical vertebra. The descent takes place simultaneously with the other functionally relevant structures including the epiglottis and the larynx.[3]

Muscles
The hyoid functions as an anchor for the suprahyoid muscles (digastric, stylohyoid, mylohyoid and geniohyoid) as well as the infrahyoid muscles (sternohyoid, sternothyroid, omohyoid, and thyrohyoid).[2] The stylohyoid ligament suspends the hyoid from the temporal styloid process on either side. It is restricted by the ligamentous attachments inferiorly to the superior aspect of the thyroid cartilage through the thyrohyoid membrane. Additionally, the hyoid is attached to the cervical spine posteriorly via the cervical fascia.[1]

Suprahyoid Muscles
The suprahyoid muscles are four in number on either side of the anterior midline above the level of the hyoid (Media Image, Table 1). They attach the hyoid to the mandible, tongue, and skull. The digastric muscle has two bellies, posterior and anterior. The anterior belly originates from the digastric fossa of the mandible, while the posterior belly originates from the mastoid notch. Both the digastric bellies insert to the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle which is attached to the hyoid. The stylohyoid muscle originates from the temporal styloid process; it is a thin and long muscle that lies parallel to the posterior belly of the digastric. The mylohyoid muscle originates from the mylohyoid line of the mandible; it is a thin muscle that upholds and makes up the floor of the mouth while also creating a sling inferior to the tongue. The geniohyoid muscle is a narrow and short muscle that originates from the interior mental spine of the symphysis menti. The stylohyoid, mylohyoid, and geniohyoid insert on the body of the hyoid.[1]

Infrahyoid Muscles

The infrahyoid muscles are four pairs of muscles located in the anterior part of the neck (Media Image, Table 2). They are found between the hyoid above and the shoulder girdle below. The sternohyoid muscle primarily originates from the back of the manubrium and inserts on the medial part of the inferior border of the hyoid body. The sternothyroid muscle originates primarily from the back of the manubrium and inserts on the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage. The omohyoid muscle has a superior belly and an inferior belly. The superior belly of the omohyoid arises from the intermediate tendon of the omohyoid and inserts on the hyoid. The inferior belly of the omohyoid originates from the scapular superior border and inserts to the intermediate tendon of the omohyoid. The thyrohyoid muscle originates from the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and inserts at the inferior aspect of the body of the hyoid and the greater cornu.[1][4]

Other Muscles Related to the Hyoid
The hyoglossus and the middle pharyngeal constrictor originate from the hyoid. These muscles do not form the group as mentioned above of muscles related to the hyoid.

Elevation of the Hyoid
The digastric, stylohyoid, mylohyoid and geniohyoid function in elevating the hyoid.

Depression of the Hyoid
The sternohyoid, sternothyroid, omohyoid, and thyrohyoid function in depressing the hyoid.

Physiologic Variants
The hyoid shows a wide range of anatomical variations, most likely owing to the asymmetry of the greater and lesser horns. Therefore, the hyoid is considered one of the most polymorphic parts of the human body. The commonest variation of the hyoid takes place in the process of ankylosis of the joints between the horns (greater and lesser horns) and the body of the hyoid. Ethnicity, sex, age, height, and weight of the subject contribute to the morphological variations. These variations can happen unilaterally, bilaterally, and multiple variations can occur in the same individual.[2] Surprisingly, the absence of the hyoid has been reported as well in a male neonate who was also a teratoma case, had a mandibular cleft, and suffered from respiratory distress.[5] These anomalies correlate to some clinical conditions such as micrognathia, Pierre Robin sequence, and cleft lip and palate. Symptoms caused by these anomalies include dysphagia, neck movement limitations and foreign body sensation in the throat.[2]

Surgical Considerations
The Hyoid and its Relation to Blood Vessels

The tip of the greater horn of the hyoid is a significant landmark for cervical surgery in the mid-neck region. The carotid bifurcation, the superior thyroid artery, and the lingual artery are closely related to the tip of the greater horn. The tip of the greater horn is a useful landmark in locating these arteries during cervical surgery. The carotid bifurcation is located inferior and posterior to the tip of the greater horn. Also, the origin of the superior thyroid artery which is the first branch of the internal carotid artery lies below the level of the greater horn. The lingual artery is one of the closely related structures to the hyoid, and it branches off the external carotid artery above the level of the greater horn.[6]

The Hyoid and its Relation to Nerves
The hypoglossal and the superior laryngeal nerve are closely related to the tip of the greater horn of the hyoid. The tip of the greater horn aids the surgeon in locating these nerves during cervical surgery. The hypoglossal nerve lies superiorly to the tip of the greater horn of the hyoid. The superior laryngeal nerve divides into its external and internal branches as it passes behind the greater horn, with its external branch being deeper than the internal one.[6]

The Hyoid and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Obstructive sleep apnea is a chronic sleep-related breathing disorder. It is best described by repeated narrowing and obstruction of the pharyngeal airway during sleep.[7] This condition is caused by pharyngeal collapsibility, which is due to the loss of wakefulness stimulus and changes in the neuromuscular control. Several factors contribute to the pharyngeal collapsibility; the hyoid position is one of these factors. An imbalance between the suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles may lead to alteration in the position of the hyoid, thus affecting the airway patency and causing more pharyngeal collapsibility.[8] The clinical manifestations include non-refreshing sleep, daytime sleepiness, fatigue, nocturia, irritability and morning headache. If left unmanaged, it may lead to many complications, including cardiovascular diseases, cognitive impairment, and decreased productivity and concentration, which may lead to road traffic accidents.[7] The treatment of choice is the nasal continuous positive airway pressure; if unsuccessful, other options include oral devices, positional therapy,[9] upper airway surgery such as genioglossus advancement,[10] hyoidothyroidopexy (hyoid suspension),[11] hyoid myotomy and sliding genioplasty.[10]


Clinical Significance
Hyoid Bone Insertion Tendinitis

Hyoid bone insertion tendinitis is also known as hyoid bone syndrome. Patients describe it as neck pain that increases with swallowing and movement of the neck. The pain is characteristically either dull or sharp, radiating to the temporal area, posterior pharyngeal wall, sternocleidomastoid muscle, ear, and supraclavicular region. On examination, tenderness over the greater horn of the hyoid is noted upon palpation. The condition is diagnosed mainly by history and physical examination. Imaging may be used to exclude the other differential diagnoses. Medical therapy is the initial treatment of choice. It includes topical and systemic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, local anesthetics and steroid injections. If medical therapy fails, then surgery is the next consideration.[12]

Calcified Stylohyoid Ligament and Eagle Syndrome
It is important to discuss Eagle syndrome here in the context of calcification of the stylohyoid ligament that connects the lesser horn of the hyoid with the tip of the styloid process causing similar symptomatology. The literature reports cases of unilateral and bilateral calcification of the styloid ligament. There may be partial or complete calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. Incidental cases of the calcified stylohyoid ligament also present in otherwise asymptomatic subjects.[13][14]
There are two types of Eagle syndrome. The first type is the classic Eagle syndrome or the classic styloid syndrome, usually seen after tonsillectomy as pharyngodynia found in the tonsillar fossa, occasionally associated with odynophagia, dysphagia, foreign body sensation, hypersalivation, and seldom, temporary voice changes. All of these symptoms appear when the tightened tonsillectomy scar tissue moves along the tip of an elongated styloid process through functional movements.
The second type is called the stylo-carotid syndrome and it develops following the compression of the internal and/or external carotid arteries and their perivascular sympathetic fibers, which leads to constant pain that radiates to the carotid region, such as chronic neck pain, headache, pain when moving the head and pain that radiates to the eye. Other symptoms include vertigo and ear pain. Therefore, patients with these symptoms may present to the ENT, dental, neurosurgery, or ophthalmology clinics with a variety of complaints.[15] Additionally, as described above, this syndrome may be the result of calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. However, it is mostly silent.[16]
Differential diagnoses of this syndrome include temporomandibular joint diseases, temporal arteritis, glossopharyngeal, sphenopalatine or trigeminal neuralgias, mastoiditis, dental pain, hyoid bursitis, cluster-type headache, and migraine.[15]
Imaging is vital when it comes to the diagnosis of Eagle syndrome as an elongated styloid process is the most common presenting sign. The styloid process is considered elongated if its length is greater than 2 inches.[1]
Treatment options include medical and surgical. The medical treatment consists of antihistamines, neuroleptics, vasodilators, tranquilizers, antidepressants, steroids injections, and local anesthetics. Surgery is considered as a secondary treatment approach, as there are recurrences reported postoperatively.[15]
Other Issues
Forensic Anatomy of the Hyoid

The forensic profile of the hyoid related to forensic anthropology primarily includes estimation of age and determination of sex. Fusion of the hyoid is especially useful to predict age in adulthood. The bone density of the hyoid is a valuable predictor of both age and sex [3]. However, it is worth noting that the literature reports a wide range of variability in the degree and timing of fusion of the greater horns with the body of the hyoid. Using discriminant function analysis, various metric measurements of the hyoid are found to be useful in determining the sex of the bone.[17]

Forensic Significance of Hyoid Fracture
Trauma to the hyoid and laryngeal cartilages (thyroid cartilage and cricoid cartilage), is one of the significant signs of manual strangulation or throttling discovered during a forensic autopsy. Fractures of the hyoid-laryngeal complex are present in cases of death due to a constricting force around the neck. Forensic pathologists have intensively studied traumatic lesions of the hyoid-laryngeal complex in strangulation, including manual strangulation and ligature strangulation, and hanging. Other forms of blunt force impact to the neck can also cause fracture of the hyoid.

The damage commonly affects the greater horns or the region between the body of the hyoid and the horns. Injuries are mainly in the form of vertical or oblique fractures. Displacements of the fracture segments are also observed. Bilateral fractures of the hyoid and double fractures of one of the greater horns are not uncommon.[18] The frequency of a fractured hyoid is more in cases of strangulation in comparison to cases of hanging. However, a hyoid fracture is present in only about a third of all homicides from strangulation.[19] Therefore, it merits noting that an intact hyoid does not always rule out strangulation as the underlying cause of death. The hyoid is fractured more commonly in the older victims of strangulation and is less likely to occur in younger victims of strangulation in the age group 20 to 40.[19] The differences in the age-related frequency of hyoid fracture are dependent on the degree of ankylosis of the hyoid that progresses with age. The mobility in the region of the junction between the greater horns and the body of the hyoid should not be mistaken for a fracture.

References
Auvenshine RC, Pettit NJ. The hyoid bone: an overview. Cranio. 2020 Jan;38(1):6-14. [PubMed]
2. de Bakker BS, de Bakker HM, Soerdjbalie-Maikoe V, Dikkers FG. The development of the human hyoid-larynx complex revisited. Laryngoscope. 2018 Aug;128(8):1829-1834. [PubMed]
3. Fisher E, Austin D, Werner HM, Chuang YJ, Bersu E, Vorperian HK. Hyoid bone fusion and bone density across the lifespan: prediction of age and sex. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2016 Jun;12(2):146-57. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
4. Kulzer MH, Branstetter BF. Chapter 1 Neck Anatomy, Imaging-Based Level Nodal Classification and Impact of Primary Tumor Site on Patterns of Nodal Metastasis. Semin. Ultrasound CT MR. 2017 Oct;38(5):454-465. [PubMed]
5. Bajaj AK, Dave N, Garasia MB. A rare case of oral fetus in fetu with mandibular cleft and absent hyoid. Paediatr Anaesth. 2011 Jun;21(6):706-7. [PubMed]
6. Lemaire V, Jacquemin G, Nelissen X, Heymans O. Tip of the greater horn of the hyoid bone: a landmark for cervical surgery. Surg Radiol Anat. 2005 Mar;27(1):33-6. [PubMed]
7. Osman AM, Carter SG, Carberry JC, Eckert DJ. Obstructive sleep apnea: current perspectives. Nat Sci Sleep. 2018;10:21-34. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
8. Sforza E, Bacon W, Weiss T, Thibault A, Petiau C, Krieger J. Upper airway collapsibility and cephalometric variables in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2000 Feb;161(2 Pt 1):347-52. [PubMed]
9. Jordan AS, McSharry DG, Malhotra A. Adult obstructive sleep apnoea. Lancet. 2014 Feb 22;383(9918):736-47. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
10. Barrera JE. Virtual surgical planning improves surgical outcome measures in obstructive sleep apnea surgery. Laryngoscope. 2014 May;124(5):1259-66. [PubMed]
11. Tantawy AA, Askar SM, Amer HS, Awad A, El-Anwar MW. Hyoid Bone Suspension as a Part of Multilevel Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Jul;22(3):266-270. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
12. Aydil U, Ekinci O, Köybaşioğlu A, Kizil Y. Hyoid bone insertion tendinitis: clinicopathologic correlation. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007 May;264(5):557-60. [PubMed]
13. Mahdian M, Moghaddam EJ, Alzahrani A, Rengasamy K, Tadinada A. Calcification of the stylohyoid ligament in panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography among patients referred for dental implant treatment planning. Implant Dent. 2014 Aug;23(4):508-13. [PubMed]
14. Öztaş B, Orhan K. Investigation of the incidence of stylohyoid ligament calcifications with panoramic radiographs. J Investig Clin Dent. 2012 Feb;3(1):30-5. [PubMed]
15. Jain S, Bansal A, Paul S, Prashar DV. Styloid-stylohyoid syndrome. Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Jan;2(1):66-9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
16. Rao PP, Menezes RG, Naik R, Venugopal A, Nagesh KR, Madhyastha S, Kanchan T, Gupta A, Lasrado S. Bilateral calcified stylohyoid ligament: an incidental autopsy finding with medicolegal significance. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2010 Jul;12(4):184-7. [PubMed]
17. Balseven-Odabasi A, Yalcinozan E, Keten A, Akçan R, Tumer AR, Onan A, Canturk N, Odabasi O, Hakan Dinc A. Age and sex estimation by metric measurements and fusion of hyoid bone in a Turkish population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013 Jul;20(5):496-501. [PubMed]
18. Khokhlov VD. Trauma to the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages in hanging: review of forensic research series since 1856. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2015 Jan;17(1):17-23. [PubMed]
19. Pollanen MS, Chiasson DA. Fracture of the hyoid bone in strangulation: comparison of fractured and unfractured hyoid

The Claremont killings victims: Sarah Spiers, Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (Graphic: Tara Blancato)

Claremont serial killings trial told autopsy found no evidence of Jane Rimmer sexual assault
By Andrea Mayes
29th January 2020

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-28/claremont-serial-killings-no-evidence-sex-assault-jane-rimmer/11906110

There is no evidence a 23-year-old childcare worker allegedly murdered by the Claremont serial killer had been sexually assaulted before her death, although it could not be conclusively ruled out, a forensic pathologist has told the WA Supreme Court.
Jane Rimmer disappeared from the upmarket Perth suburb of Claremont in June 1996 and her decomposed body was found in bushland at Wellard, south of Perth, nearly two months later.
Confessed rapist Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is accused of murdering her and two other young women during a 14-month period in 1996 and 1997 — Sarah Spiers, 18, and 27-year-old Ciara Glennon.
Pathwest pathologist Clive Cooke, who was present during the examination of Ms Rimmer's body where it was discovered in bushes at Wellard and also at her post-mortem examination, told the court on Tuesday there was nothing to suggest Ms Rimmer had been sexually assaulted.
But the absence of any obvious signs did not mean it could be excluded, because her body was so badly decomposed and there could have been sexual penetration without injury, he said.

Edwards' history of sex assaults
Edwards was initially charged with five further offences relating to sexual attacks on two other young women, including a 17-year-old who was brutally raped at Karrakatta Cemetery after being abducted as she walked home from a night out in Claremont.
Another victim was 18 when she was assaulted as she lay in her bed at night in south suburban Huntingdale by Edwards, who straddled her and forced cloth in her mouth.
However, the former Telstra technician sensationally admitted to these crimes on the eve of his trial, although he maintains his innocence of the three murder charges.
Dr Cooke said he agreed with the conclusions of chief pathologist Dr Karin Margolius that Ms Rimmer's cause of death was not able to be determined, but that it could have been the result of a neck injury.
Dr Margolius conducted post-mortems on both young women and also took samples from their bodies at their burial sites.
She died in 2010 and Dr Cooke is being questioned about the contents of her autopsy reports.
He said defects on Ms Rimmer's neck and wrist were likely caused by a sharp instrument such as a knife.

Ciara Glennon's neck injury detailed
Dr Cooke was also asked about the condition of Ms Glennon's body, which was discovered partially covered in vegetation at Eglinton, north of Perth, on April 3, 1997, 19 days after she vanished
Sensitive videos and photographs of the post-mortem were shown behind barriers to part of the court, but could not be seen by the public, as Dr Cooke was questioned about aspects of what he was seeing.
He said Ms Glennon's body had not been as badly decomposed as that of Ms Rimmer and had not been damaged by animal activity.
In her reports written after conducting Ms Glennon's post-mortem, Dr Margolius concluded the young lawyer had died of a neck injury, described as a "large, gaping" wound that ran from her temple to her neck on the right side.

The wound was so extensive that just seven centimetres of Ms Glennon's neck remained intact.
However, Dr Cooke said while he agreed with Dr Margolius, post-mortem reports written today tended to be "ultra-conservative" and would probably record the cause of death as "unascertained" but "consistent with a neck injury".
Dr Cooke said the pattern of staining on Ms Glennon's T-shirt indicated her neck wound had been inflicted while she was lying down on her right side, in the same position she was found.
He said her blood would have pooled beneath her and been partially absorbed by her T-shirt.

Skull fracture disputed
Last week, state prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo read from Dr Margolius's post-mortem report that said Ms Glennon had been struck with an object that fractured her skull, "momentarily stunning her or rendering her semi-conscious" just before she was killed.
However, Dr Cooke said he disputed Dr Margolius's conclusion about the skull fracture after he and another pathologist, Dr Alana Buck, conducted a more detailed examination of a fraction of Ms Glennon's skull in 2013 that had been kept by Dr Margolius.
He said further tests revealed her skull had not been fractured and the defects observed were instead the result of a naturally occurring condition.

Ms Glennon also sustained a significant arm wound — a cut of about 20 centimetres in length.
Dr Cooke said V-shaped skin defects found on Ms Glennon's body were consistent with knife wounds and could have been caused either by a slicing or sawing motion.

He said Ms Glennon's skirt had been crumpled around her waist and was twisted and slightly torn, and her T-shirt was also crushed up at her waist, exposing about five centimetres of her body.
The tendons in Ms Glennon's right arm had been cut and there were corresponding defects to her arm bones, which indicated she had been stabbed with a knife at least twice to her arms.
These injuries, he said, were typical self-defence or pugilistic type wounds consistent with sharp force.
The trial, before Justice Stephen Hall, is continuing. 

Claremont Murders Discussion & Edwards trial updates- Big footy
https://www.bigfooty.com/forum/threads/claremont-murders-discussion-edwards-trial-updates.1194825/page-4  
shellyg
Moderator, Dec 27, 2016, AFL Club, Western Bulldogs, Jun 14, 2018 

Interesting old newspaper clipping - by Spinnaker with awesome research skills.
Post Newspaper, March 22-23, 1997:
"Ciara Glennon vanished in between tight patrols of two police cars early Saturday morning"

Police nearby when Ciara went missing
Ciara Glennon vanished in between tight patrols of two polic e cars early Saturday morning.
"When Ciara supposedly went missined, we had two cars in the block for the half hour when she was last seen," said Claremont station's acting sergeant Mike Starkey.
Sergeant Starkey was speaking at a meeting of Claremont's safety and security committee omn Thursday.
Claremont's mayor Peter Weygers suggested to the meeting that s shopfront police presence be estbalished in central Claremont until the crimes were solved.
Peter Weygers suggested that a vacant shop be used as a temporary police station.
Sergeant Starkey said that a mobile force was far more effective.
A stagnant presence was easily observed by an offender.
 Sergeant Starkey said there was no substitute for police patrols.
"We're there to catch this man. On a local level, we are doing everything possible."     Sergeant Starkey said.
There were unconfirmed reports on Friday that police were looking for a man and a woman or two men with one of them dressed as a woman.

Public Pain
A businessman wept in public.
His public paid was typical of our community's anguish since Ciara Clennon's disappearance.
The reaction of the man, who does not know Ciara, typified the grief that has swept the western suburbs.
Men and women have told the POST that they have lost sleep out fo their concern for Ciara and her family and friends.
They have felt unable to function properly and to talk of little else except the disappearance.

georgiegirl, Scooby-Doo, Feb 10, 2018, AFL Club.West Coast
Jun 14, 2018
shellyg said: Interesting old newspaper clipping - by Spinnaker with awesome research skills.
Post Newspaper, March 22-23, 1997:"Ciara Glennon vanished in between tight patrols of two police cars early Saturday morning"
View attachment 512145
IMO the presence of cops just adds to the thrill. The killer was fully comfortable with the Claremont area by Ciara. He knew he could get in and out of the area quickly. He was likely extremely arrogant and confident as he'd been getting away with it for years. He wasn't going to let the police stop him.
SillySally74,  Draftee, Jul 1, 2018
AFL Club, 
Fremantle. HTPunter said:
18, hell 24, months is worth the wait after 2 decades of no answers if it means it delivers a signed, sealed and delivered case I'd have thought.
Alternatively, 18-24 months is still shit but if you're innocent you'd rather 2 years and avoid jail than to get your defence to lapse and potentially get life. Obviously would still suck massively if you're innocent but there's good reasons to being thorough.
why taking so long? no statement by defences? strange  
Iworkthecircus, Team Captain. Jan 6, 2018
AFL Club, GWS, Jul 2, 2018
What if he's innocent or found not guilty how are all of you going to react ?  

https://www.bigfooty.com/forum/threads/claremont-murders-discussion-edwards-trial-updates.1194825/page-5 
shellyg, Moderator, Dec 27, 2016, AFL Club,Western Bulldogs,  Jul 2, 2018
Iworkthecircus said: What if he's innocent or found not guilty how are all of you going to react ?

The possibilities are endless .... 
one eyed spy, Team Captainm Feb 11, 2018
AFL Club, Sydney, Jul 2, 2018
Iworkthecircus said: What if he's innocent or found not guilty how are all of you going to react ?
Reactions depend on whether someone agrees with the verdict or not, not what the verdict is.
craigos, Norm Smith Medallist, Sep 2, 2014
AFL Club, Hawthorn, Other Teams, Liverpool, Jul 3, 2018
If he is found not guilty I dare say a lot of people within the WA Police force and DPP will be applying for jobs at their local IGA. 
freofc1994, Team Captain, Sep 15, 2014
NY Giants, Chelsea, Jul 3, 2018
Iworkthecircus said: What if he's innocent or found not guilty how are all of you going to react ?
2 very different things, I don't think an innocent man would have sat in prison for 2 years and remained quiet.
If he is found not guilty then the DPP would have failed badly and public confidence in them would be at an almost irreparable level.  
Iworkthecircus, Team Captain, Jan 6, 2018
Jul 3, 2018
freofc1994 said: 2 very different things, I don't think an innocent man would have sat in prison for 2 years and remained quiet.
If he is found not guilty then the DPP would have failed badly and public confidence in them would be at an almost irreparable level.
Who's going to listen he was pretty much frog marched in front of the media , had every facet of his life exposed on tv social media , had people calling for his immediate jailing for life , and death . 
freofc1994, Team Captain, Sep 15, 2014
NY Giants, Chelsea, Jul 3, 2018
Iworkthecircus said:Who's going to listen
Pretty much anyone who has the slightest interest in this case......so everyone would listen.  
metic, Team Captain, Nov 20, 2017
Jul 3, 2018
Iworkthecircus said: Who's going to listen he was pretty much frog marched in front of the media , had every facet of his life exposed on tv social media , had people calling for his immediate jailing for life , and death .
https://r.tapatalk.com/shareLink?url=https://www.bigfooty.com/forum/threads/miscarriage-of-justice-thread.1188645/&share_tid=1188645&share_fid=23893&share_type=t
So did lots of other people. Button, Beamish, Mallard, even Lindy Chamberlain. Theres plenty of them 
Iworkthecircus, Team Captain, Jan 6, 2018
Jul 3, 2018
freofc1994 said: Pretty much anyone who has the slightest interest in this case......so everyone would listen.
But who can do anything ? Don't you feel that in life a lot is out of your control ?
If you can't trust the police who can you trust ? 
Run n Spread, Norm Smith Medallist, Apr 2, 2013
Jul 3, 2018
Iworkthecircus said: But who can do anything ?
Don't you feel that in life a lot is out of your control ?
If you can't trust the police who can you trust ?
Most of your life is out of your control.
I suppose the only thing you can do is set up a like minded coalition to effect change. But society is structured in order for competition to get the best results so it becomes a balance between getting the benefits of competition but gaining strength in numbers.
The Police are essentially Public Servants working for the state. They for the most part do what they are told. As in the government wants to go in a certain direction so the police follow. That's why confidence in the courts/lawyers legal system etc is paramount as the courts are supposed to be separate from the state.
The Legal System is supposed to treat the individual fairly and ensure justice. The role of the Police is to maintain public order and enforce the Governments Laws. Actually 2 different purposes.  
shellyg, Moderator, Dec 27, 2016
Jul 3, 208 craigos said:
If he is found not guilty I dare say a lot of people within the WA Police force and DPP will be applying for jobs at their local IGA.
That might be fun. We can send Trevor from Geraldton in with his phone. Sorry, that could have been inappropriate.  
Run n Spread, Norm Smith Medallist, Apr 2, 2013
Jul 3, 2018

craigos said: If he is found not guilty I dare say a lot of people within the WA Police force and DPP will be applying for jobs at their local IGA.
Not from WA so don't understand the local context but they seem to have gone all in. If Not Guilty occurs I doubt the investigation would continue. Similar to a couple of cases in Vic where the Police said we got our man the courts let him off. 
Iworkthecircus, Team Captain, Jan 6, 2018
Jul 3, 2018
Run n Spread said: Most of your life is out of your control.
I suppose the only thing you can do is set up a like-minded coalition to effect change. But society is structured in order for competition to get the best results so it becomes a balance between getting the benefits of competition but gaining strength in numbers.
The Police are essentially Public Servants working for the state. They, for the most part, do what they are told. As in the government wants to go in a certain direction so the police follow. That's why confidence in the courts/lawyers legal system etc is paramount as the courts are supposed to be separated from the state.
The Legal System is supposed to treat the individual fairly and ensure justice. The role of the Police is to maintain public order and enforce the Government Laws. Actually 2 different purposes. The legal system benefits the person with the larger cash stack or has friends within the system, you have a great deal of faith mate .
Run n Spread, Norm Smith Medallist, Apr 2, 2013
Jul 3, 2018 Iworkthecircus said: The legal system benefits the person with the larger cash stack or has friends within the system , you have a great deal of faith mate .
I said faith in it is paramount to society. Never said I personally had faith in it.
In fact if I ever had to appear I would be very iffy as to spite me having no plans to commit a crime I reckon your chances are 50/50 at best. (Applies for both sides really).

Mark Philip Dixie being interviewed by the police Credit: Met Police

A man matching Bradley Edwards's description was recorded on CCTV vision at the BP Rose Garden near Claremont. (Supplied: Google Street View)

Comments by the NYT CSK Investigtaion Team

The Prosecution Case against Bradley Robert Edwards will very much rely on whether there is a reasonable doubt that the DNA tests and samples could have been contaminated, the reliability of Low Copy Number (LCN) DNA, and whether the alleged Low Copy Number (LCN) DNA, of Bradley Robert Edwards was deliberately planted in the sample of Ciara Glennon's DNA to frame Bradley Robert Edwards for the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon .... being crimes the WA Government, the WA Police Service and the Public Prosecutions for Western Australia for so many different reasons are pressured to bring to a close., and can not afford to fail in obtaining a conviction against Bradley Robert Edwards for at least one of the murder charges  ... "... Although used for a number of years we do not yet have any reliable measure of the success rate of LTDNA analysis and this need to be corrected....".....APRIL 2008, B, Caddy, G,R. Taylor, A.T.M. Linacre.  Bradley Robert Edwards would be the easiest person to frame for the murders Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, because of his involvement in one or more previous rapes and/or attempted sexual assaults.... and the fact that they had his DNA from the 1995 Karrakatta Rape Victim ..... so when the police arrested Bradley Robert Edwards in December 2016, they were confident that Bradley Edwards had committed the 1995 Karrakatta Rape, and decided to add the other murder charges  regardless of having enough solid evidence to convict Bradley Edwards of the charges of allegedly murdering Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, and just last-minute charged Bradley Edwards with the murder of Sarah Spiers with no evidence at all......   that Bradley Edwards was the sole person for allegedly abducting  and allegedly murdering Sarah Speirs .... now the prosecution case has been revealed it is clear the WA Police lied to the public when they said they had new evidence to be able to charge Bradley Robert Edwards with the murder of Sarah Spiers ...... the question that has to be decided by Justice Stephen Hall is whether Bradley Robert Edwards is:

(a) just a serial rapist or  (b) a serial rapist and violent sick-minded killer who has some fetish with dead bodies and cuts out body parts without even having sex with his victims... 

The Director of Public Prosecutions has not gone anywhere near proving their case against Bradley Robert Edwards as being the sole person responsible for the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon ..... prior to any DNA evidence being presented to the court .. and in fact have fairly proven that it was unlikely that it was Bradley Robert Edwards who was the sole person responsible for the abduction of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon .... the motive that the prosecution say that Bradley Robert Edwards had to abduct these three girls was to relieve his sexual frustrations and desires ... yet the prosecution has not provided any evidence that either Jane Rimmer or Ciara Glennon were raped ... the prosecution has proven they were brutally murdered ..in strange, violent and sick ways .... with some sort of sawing/cutting action ..... along with the Hyoid Bone being completely removed from the neck of Jane Rimmer ... also why were the bodies left in places they would easily be found, and not dropped in the sea, the river or buried. or some other way, such as in concrete, destroyed by acid etc. ....Sarah Speirs has never been found .... so why didn't the person or person responsible make sure the bodies of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon were could never be found ... when the general rule is when no -body has been located, it is difficult to prove a murder case against anyone  ..... Why was that? ...... it was as though the bodies were deliberately left where they would easily be found, so someone could be eventually set up on false and/or unreliable DNA Evidence ... to make sure all those really involved where never investigated and/or arrested ....

A lot of known material evidence, information and witnesses have been deliberately withheld by the prosecution at the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards ..Why was that? .... the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards can be easily compared to the Donald Trump Impeachment Trial .... in that those in control of what material evidence, information, and witnesses are presented at the trial do not want the full truth to be publicly known ..... 

“The facts will come out in all of their horror, they will come out,” Adam B. Schiff of California, the lead USA Senate House manager said. “The witnesses the president is concealing will tell their stories,” he added. “And we will be asked why we didn’t want to hear that information when we had the chance. What answer shall we give if we do not pursue the truth now?”

Claremont serial killings: Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer ‘fought for their lives’
Angie Raphael
Wednesday, 29 January 2020

https://7news.com.au/news/crime/claremont-forensic-experts-disagree-c-669564

Forensic pathologist Clive Cooke returned to the stand for a fourth day on Wednesday, telling the court that like Ms Rimmer, Ms Glennon’s body was too decomposed to determine whether she had been raped.
“There were no injuries observed that you might associate with sexual penetration,” Dr Cooke said.
He earlier testified there was no evidence Ms Rimmer had been “sexually penetrated” before she was killed but agreed “the absence of injury, of course, doesn’t mean it didn’t occur”.


Two murdered women each tried to fight off their attacker but there was no evidence they were raped, a forensic pathologist has told the Claremont serial killings trial.
Former Telstra technician and confessed rapist Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, and childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, in 1996, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1997.
Forensic pathologist Clive Cooke returned to the stand for a fourth day on Wednesday, telling the court that like Ms Rimmer, Ms Glennon’s body was too decomposed to determine whether she had been raped.
“There were no injuries observed that you might associate with sexual penetration,” Dr Cooke said.
He earlier testified there was no evidence Ms Rimmer had been “sexually penetrated” before she was killed but agreed “the absence of injury, of course, doesn’t mean it didn’t occur”.
Dr Cooke, who was not the lead forensic pathologist in the case but did attend both post-mortems, agreed the penetrating injury they each suffered to their necks could explain their cause of death.
Asked if their arm injuries were caused by a sharp instrument, such as a knife, Dr Cooke replied: “Yes, I think so, the appearance (of the wounds) in Ciara Glennon’s case is very strongly suggestive of that. With respect to Jane Rimmer, I think we had raised that likelihood.”

‘Defence-type injuries’
Dr Cooke added the arm injuries were “a common location to sustain defence-type injuries”.
DNA and fibre evidence is central to the case, but Edwards’ defence team argues contamination may be an issue.
Dr Cooke confirmed forensic practices had changed since the mid-1990s, including no longer putting bodies on the floor.
Ms Glennon’s dentist Max Trott testified he helped confirm her identity, but said her body was covered in a sheet, except for her mouth.
He said he may have touched her mouth area but he was wearing protective clothing at the time.

Sgt McCulloch described for the trial the process of examining victim Ciara Glennon, 27, including taking nail clippings from her after her death. (Supplied)

crabstickFormer Member
crabstick said: ↑

One seat has been left vacant for their daughter, granddaughter, sister and aunty Sarah McMahon, who was 20 years old when she vanished while driving home from work 10 years ago today.
Sarah's mother Patricia McMahon believes her daughter is alive and hopes someone has information to help bring her home.
Sarah left her workplace, Hugall & Hoile in Claremont, about 5.20pm on November 8, 2000 after talking on the phone. Detectives believe she drove her 1986 white Ford Meteor, registration 7FO 731, to the Bassendean area for a prearranged meeting with someone.
There was an unconfirmed sighting of Sarah driving her car east on the Great Eastern Highway, towards her Parkerville home, and her car was found by her family in a carpark at Swan Health Service in Middle Swan days later.
https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/wa/a/8276690/sarahs-family-keep-hope-alive/#page1
LUKE ELIOT CHIEF CRIME REPORTER - The West Australian on November 8, 2010, 6:15 am

Strangulation
Natasha Tracy-Ann Kendrick, whose name had been previously suppressed for legal reasons, said in a November 2011 statement to WA Police that she saw the bloodied and strangled body of Sarah McMahon, who has been missing since November 8, 2000.
Ms Kendrick originally told police she was called to a house in Marangaroo by her friend Gareth Allen, who said his trucking company co-worker and part-time housemate Donald Morey had killed a girl at the property and help was needed cleaning up.
She said in her statement that she and Mr Allen's wife, Marta Margaret Allen, had cleaned up after seeing Ms McMahon's naked body on Morey's bed, with rope looped around her neck and congealed blood on her face, and also saw the body being removed from the house, wrapped in Morey's quilt and placed in Mr Allen's ute.
But testifying today at an inquest into Ms McMahon's disappearance, Ms Kendrick denied any knowledge or involvement in the matter, saying she was "messed up'' on drugs when she made the statement to police.
"I don't remember seeing any body,'' she told Perth's Coroner's Court.
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016

crabstickFormer Member

Police would have Moreys DNA so its probably not him, if the police have tested. But it may be an accomplice DNA. Trucking companies, drugs,
Was McMahon selling drugs through Hugall and Hoille on 213 Stirling highway Claremont? $10000 is a lot of customers. McMahon was in retail.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
After her brother asked her who did it and she replied, "Don Morey'', she added, "He's a serial killer. He's done it over east''
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/la...ecants-statement/story-fnat7jnn-1226536350308
He had also been a person of interest in the death of another prostitute the previous year.
However, police were again unable to substantiate enough evidence against Morey, who has consistently denied any involvement in Ms McMahon's disappearance.
http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/la...as-murder-victim/story-fnat7jnn-1226556176197
There was also evidence to the effect that MsMcMahon had been obtaining amphetamines from Mr Morey Witness Christian Hilderbrandt claimed that about one week before page she went missing, Ms McMahon told him that she had obtained about $10,000 worth of drugs from Mr Morey which she had to sell. Mr Hilderbrandt also claimed that on 6 November 2000 he was present when Ms McMahon received a telephone call on her mobile telephone which she had said was from Mr Morey.
He claimed that at the end of the conversation she said, ‘... that she’d broken the code of silence over the phone’. He said that the reference to breaking the code of silence referred to saying his name and mentioning the drugs.
http://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016

Ex military with calm calculation killing and trained in all the skills for murder and deception. Familiar with police procedure. Access to vehicles.
MrAllen contended in his evidence that on 8 November 2000 Mr Morey had not spent the night at his home, but had borrowed one of the trucks saying that he was planning to us it to see Ms McMahon.
http://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf
Ms Allen said Morey, who had lived with her husband during parts of the week in 2000, had claimed he had killed people and once asked if she was scared of him.
"He told me that he was in the SAS... that's where he was taught to kill people," she said. "He told me that he has killed before."
Ms Allen said Morey made an effort to charm women and had once offered to kill her husband Gareth Allen after eavesdropping on an argument while living at Mr Allen's home.
"He was not joking, he was deadly serious," she said.
https://au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/wa/a/15606722/mcmahon-suspect-said-he-had-killed-before/#page1
She also described her shocked husband showing her a bag found in Morey's room that had contained ropes, knives, gaffer tape and pornography including images of bound and gagged naked women who "looked dead".
Ms Allen also described seeing Morey once cleaning the floor of his truck out with hot water.
She claimed that inside the bag there were two rolls of dirty grey, used tape four lengths of ropes with knots in the ends about two feet in length,two knives, one of which was Mr Allen’s pocket knife, two large rubber bands, one condom in a packet, two pornographic magazines, between five and seven key rings and a map.
She claimed that the porn books contained pictures of men with blood on their genitals and women
tied up who appeared to be dead.
crabstickFormer Member
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016


crabstickFormer Member
Very abduction like with a fetish for raping dead people after strangulation
Did he have a buddy in east west trucking that knocked off Lorrin Whitehead? Pure speculation. Pamela Lawrence husband had east west trucking. Maybe Rochford was sent to kill her? Rochford had a drug debt? The crime was considered motiveless.
Selling amphetamine in $10000 sums
http://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016


crabstickFormer Member

In her first media interview since the December 2003 attack, the woman, who did not want her name published, described crawling through a swamp and scaling a 2.4m high concrete wall in a bid to escape.
"I know there are other girls who aren't as lucky as I was," the woman said.
In September 2005, career criminal Donald Victor Morey was convicted after trial of attempted murder.
In handing down a 13-year jail term, Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Miller accepted the prosecutor's submission that there was no sexual motive to Morey's crime as he was impotent at the time.
"This woman was a random target and . . . it was predatory conduct on your part," Justice Miller said. "It was a premeditated offence, that you planned to take her to a remote area and it was not the case that you voluntarily desisted from what you were doing."
http://missingandmurderedaustralia.blogspot.com.au/2011/06/sarah-anne-mcmahon.html
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016

https://www.websleuths.com/forums/threads/australia-claremont-serial-killer-1996-1997-perth-western-australia-6.318778/page-10


CSK?New Member
Just curious as to the sudden flood of Sarah McMahon/Donald Morey posts.... Are you trying to suggest DM may be the CSK? or is there other reasons I am missing?
CSK?, Oct 21, 2016

crabstickFormer Member
It would appear, he may be connected to our DNA guy. He has the skill sets, borrows cars, bags full of strangulation device, sells large sums of amphetamine, and serving prison for murder.
If he was SAS, then he would be trained in all the attributes needed in abduction and murder. One of his skills is mechanic, and he worked for an east west trucking company.
But whose DNA do the police have? An associate? Because we will presume a conviction means he has been DNA tested. Unless he is arrested on his way out of prison?
Just wondering who Christian might have been Morey was stating McMahon was going to the casino with? Our recent body in the suitcase lady from Mosman park went the casino, with possible money laundering activity, Maybe McMahon was going to casino laundering with someone, It does appear a manifested alias of Morey. Maybe it was a pseudonym for something else?
According to a key witness, McMahon was buying $10000 sums of amphetamine off Morey. McMahon was working only 700 metres from the Claremont abduction area. Where was she doing business? In 2000 and prior for that matter in Claremont?
If McMahon was in Claremont, Morey must of been in Claremont. It does state it in the inquest he was in Nedlands next door. We have an alleged highly trained serial killer in the area with the skills to build fake taxi, drive it through sand, and abduct, at the time.
http://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf [22]
crabstick, Oct 21, 2016#

Bradley Edwards is accused of killing (from top) Sarah Spiers, Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (ABC News)


Claremont killer trial LIVE: Judge suppresses distressing post mortem details
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/claremont-killer-trial-live-court-expected-to-hear-distressing-details-of-how-victim-s-died-in-coming-days-20200123-p53u1o.html

12.45pm
Defence questions mortuary technician about gloves on floor during Jane's post mortem
The next witness is the current state mortuary manager Tony Wight. 
Prosecutor Bradley Hollingsworth is asking him about how the state mortuary is cleaned, and how equipment is cleaned. 
He has said in between post mortems, the theatre is cleaned, including benches and equipment being scrubbed with AJAX and floors mopped. 
In 1996, he admitted Jane's body to the mortuary the evening she was found, and said he would not have opened the body bag given the circumstances. 
Mr Wight was also present during the post mortem, although he has no independent recollection of either day. 
He has been shown footage of the post mortem to refresh his memory. 
He wore overalls, an apron, and thick surgical gloves during the examination.
He said Jane's body was on the ground on a clean green sheet at the beginning of the post mortem to allow a photograph of her entire body to be taken. 
He then later assisted in collecting Jane's hair mass exhibit and placing it on a tray. 
He said the hair mass would have been placed inside the body bag and stored inside the cool room with the body until it needed to be examined. 
Mr Wight is now being asked about his involvement in a further examination of Jane's body two days later where her hair was closely examined by forensic pathologist Karin Margolius. 
He said although he cannot recall, it would have been his job to ensure the hair mass remained with the body when stored. 
Defence lawyer Genevieve Cleary has begun her cross-examination of Mr Wight. 
She's pointed out in the vision of Jane's post mortem that nobody is wearing masks, to which he said it was not compulsory until the 2000s. 
Ms Cleary has also pointed out only Dr Margolius is wearing plastic sleeves over her forearms and a hair net hat. 
She said some people were wearing long-sleeved overalls, while others were wearing short sleeved overalls. 
Ms Cleary is now showing Mr Wight footage from the post mortem. 
In the vision, he can be seen picking his gloves up from the floor. 
Ms Cleary: Did you pick your gloves up from the foor?
Mr Wight: Looks like it but I dont' know if I reused them or put them in the bin.
Mr Wight has said when the body was admitted to the mortuary, he does not recall a police officer opening the bag briefly and taking polaroid. 
"It has happened in recent years, but I don't think it ever used to happen," he said. 
Mr Wight in re-examination has said Jane's post mortem was conducted in a separate theatre to the main theatre and Ciara's was in a teaching theatre. 
The witness has completed his evidence


11.18am

Court has broken for morning tea
It will resume in 20 minutes with a new witness. 
11.18am
Forensic dentist who identified bodies takes stand
The first witness called today is Dr Stephen Knott, a forensic dentist who identified the bodies of Jane and Ciara using dental records shortly after their bodies were discovered. 
He said during the identifications, he wore white overalls, a plastic apron, large boots, gloves and likely a mask. 
He said the body would have been covered, other than the head, for him to conduct his examination in the mortuary theatre. 
When the women's local dentists arrived to review Dr Knott's work, he said the bodies were covered completely, other than the mouth area.
He said the two local dentists did not touch the bodies. 
Defence lawyer Paul Yovich is now cross-examining Dr Knott. 
Dr Knott has said in the 28 years he has been examining deceased persons for the purpose of identification, "very little" has changed in terms of the procedure he carries out. 
He agreed with Mr Yovich that face masks are now mandatory, but were optional in the mid-1990s. 
Of trace DNA evidence, he said: "We weren't conscious of that but once again, coming from a dental practice ... we have what we call universal precautions and we treat everybody ... the same way. 
"In the majority of cases, the body bag is opened, the zip is opened up ... and I'm only interested in [the head] I'm not interested in anything else.'
Dr Knott has clarified that he further covered the upper part of the victims' head before their local dentists arrived, using mortuary drapes. 
Mr Yovich: And if there was a stray hair, might you have had to tuck it under the sheet?
Dr Knott: I can't remember if there was any stray hair or not.
Mr Yovich asked if he had ever done an identification of a deceased on the floor before.
Dr Knott: Not in Australia. 
Mr Yovich has shown Dr Knott video of he and her local doctor examining her mouth area, and Jane's body is on the floor. 
"It's evident from the video the remains of Ms Rimmer are not covered up at all and that they're on the floor," Mr Yovich said. 
"It's quite obviously different from your recollection."
Dr Knott said he specifically remembered covering the body for Ciara's family dentist as he understood he knew the Glennons well. 
Dr Knott has completed his evidence. 


10.14am
Temporary suppression order granted
Justice Stephen Hall has granted a temporary suppression order on the evidence to be given by the forensic pathologists involved in the post mortems of Jane and Ciara's bodies. Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo has said the families of the victims have been spared the details of the examinations, and will not be present in court to hear the evidence.  

 Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's northern suburbs. (ABC News)

Claremont serial killings trial: The ‘hoarder’ love rival that made alleged Australian serial killer crack
A picture of the life of accused serial killer Bradley Robert Edwards has started to emerge - including his reaction to his first wife’s affair

https://www.news.com.au/national/courts-law/claremont-serial-killings-trial-the-hoarder-love-rival-that-made-alleged-australian-serial-killer-crack/news-story/91a4837a7c232db324704bbc224c77ea

The first week of a six month-long trial of the accused Claremont serial killer wraps up on Friday. Bradley Robert Edwards pleaded not guilty to the murders of three women in …

Just who is the man accused of the Claremont serial killings?

A terrifying, sexually violent attacker or a family man, deeply emotional with pent-up anger? A computer nerd with the steadiest of jobs, working for one organisation for 29 years, or the face of an eerie phantom circling women on Perth’s streets?
All were allegedly parts of the complex picture of the life of 50-year-old Bradley Robert Edwards that has begun to emerge at his trial in Western Australia.
The Claremont serial killings is a case involving the disappearance of 18-year-old secretary Sarah Spiers, and the killings of two others, childcare worker Jane Rimmer 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, a lawyer, in 1996-1997.
After attending night spots in Claremont, a wealthy western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, all three women disappeared in similar circumstances leading police to suspect that an unidentified serial killer was the offender. The case, described as the state’s biggest, longest running, and most expensive investigation, remains unsolved.
However, in 2016, a suspect, Bradley Robert Edwards, was arrested and is facing trial for the crimes.
Sitting in the dock of the WA Supreme Court hearings, Edwards pleaded not guilty to three murder charges.
For the first two weeks of what is expected to be a six to nine-month trial, the former Telstra technician and amateur sports official appeared mostly impassive and sometimes took notes.

Along with Edwards came glimmers of the lives of his three alleged victims.
Sometimes the insights were gruesome. Sometimes they were hauntingly sad, like Ms Spiers’ voice in her last telephone call, ordering a taxi from Claremont.
The taxi arrived, but Sarah was gone, never to be seen again.

M.I.A. ON THE NIGHT OF MURDER
The timeline of the three murders known as the Claremont serial killings began with Sarah Spiers disappearing after a night out on Australia Day 1996.
Jane Rimmer vanished on June 6, 1996 and her body was found in bushland at Wellard, 40km south of Perth, almost eight weeks later.
Ciara Glennon disappeared in the early hours of March 15, 1997, and her body was found, also in bushland, almost three weeks later at Eglinton 40km north of Perth.
The bodies of both women were covered with branches and foliage, and discovered by chance.
The court heard that on the night of March 14, a Friday, Edwards was due to have dinner at his friends’ holiday house at Dawesville.
His work colleague and friend, Murray Cook, testified he had invited Mr Edwards to visit him and his wife at their A-framed holiday house, 80km south of Perth.
Mr Cook had just been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, and taken time off work.
Edwards had been supportive and his workmate invited him to dine with the couple.
Mr Cook had expected Edwards to drive down after work and he waited up until 10pm or 11pm, but Edwards never made it.

Instead, he showed up about 11am the following day and the pair had a confrontation.
“I said words to effect of ‘what the hell? You were supposed to be here on Friday night’,” Mr Cook told the court.
He said Edwards’ response was: “I was trying to reconcile with my wife”.
When Mr Cook asked him “how did it go?” Edwards “just shook his head”.
Under cross-examination from Paul Yovich, Mr Cook agreed his wife’s existing diary had helped his memory about the exact dates of the Dawesville visit.

THE DAY AFTER SARAH SPIERS’ DISAPPEARANCE
Mr Cook also told the court he had been with Edwards on January 27, 1996, when Sarah Spiers had been drinking at Claremont before vanishing in the early hours of that morning.
The two Telstra workers had gone to work at Dumas House, a building next to Perth’s Parliament House where government ministers had offices.
Mr Cook said he and Edwards turned up for work at 7:55am on that day.
Less than six hours earlier, shortly after 2am, Ms Spiers was last seen in Claremont after she phoned for a taxi.
When it turned up, Sarah was gone, never to be seen alive by her family and friends again.

SARAH’S LAST WORDS
Sarah Spiers spent her last night alive drinking with friends.
They included Emma McCormack, who had met Ms Spiers when they were boarders at Perth’s Iona Presentation College.
The two remained friends after school and on the night in question they went out with a group to the Ocean Beach Hotel at Cottesloe, arriving around 8pm.
Now aged 42, Ms McCormack told the court the friends stayed at the hotel until closing time, at midnight.
She described Sarah’s outfit of beige linen shorts, a white or light-coloured shirt, and a black jacket tied around her waist.
“She was happy, she was talking with friends,” Emma recalled.
Sarah’s sister Amanda picked up some of the friends and drove them over to Club Bayview in Claremont around 12.30am.
The girls chatted with others and around 1.30am, Sarah came up to Ms McCormack on the dance floor and told her she was going home.
Emma encouraged Sarah to stay and leave later with the group, but the teenager said: “No that’s fine, I’m ready to go now, I’m just going to catch a taxi”.
Ms McCormack said: “She spoke to me clearly, she wasn’t upset, she just was going to leave, she seemed normal, there was nothing unusual.”
Asked is that was the last time she saw Sarah, Ms McCormack replied tearfully: “Yes”.

VICTIM RECOUNTS HORROR ATTACK
Edwards’ calm demeanour in court was in contrast to at least one witness so far.
The woman who recounted the terrifying attack on her by Edwards almost 30 years ago was both animated and visibly upset.
On the trial’s seventh day, the woman used her hands to show how Edwards had grabbed her from behind.
At one point during her recreation of the assault, she broke down and apologised for the emotion which had surfaced as she retold her story.

It was May 7, 1990, and the woman had been writing up a report at her desk in Hollywood Hospital, at Nedlands west of the Perth CBD.
She was employed as a social worker and Edwards was at the hospital as the Telstra phone technician assigned to work on the phone lines.
The woman recalled how she had been only dimly aware of Edwards’ presence.
He had asked to use the toilet, and she remembers a quick flush, and then he asked to retrieve his pen.
Edwards then attacked her from behind, putting his hand around her face and stuffing a piece of cloth into her mouth.
“I was trying desperately not to breathe because I thought there was something on the cloth,” the woman told the court
“I honestly thought I was going to die. I breathed in and there was nothing on the cloth so that was when I started to really struggle.
“I thought, ‘I’ve got a chance here’. My feet kept slipping on the carpet. There was a lot of strength but I managed to twist around.”
Pulled towards the toilet on her chair in an ordeal that lasted 10 seconds, the woman felt the fight for her life suddenly stop.

Then she heard her attacker say, “I’m sorry, I’m sorry, I’m sorry” before she fled the area, leaving behind one shoe.
Police were called and found cable ties in Edwards’ pocket.
He admitted to the attack and was placed on a two-year probation order for a single charge of common assault.

Edwards later told psychologists sent to assess him he’d had a “distressing week” after his fiancee had informed him of her infidelity with a boarder living at their home.
Dr Paul McEvoy said Edwards had acknowledged he was deeply upset, but unable to explain why his “pent-up anger was released when it was” at the hospital.

Who is Bradley Robert Edwards, the man on trial for the alleged Claremont serial killings in Perth? Image: Anne Barnetson. Source: AAP
Sarah Spiers, pictured with her shearer father, Don, not long before she disappeared in 1996. Picture: Channel 9.Source: Supplied
The court heard the night Ciara Glennon (above) was murdered, Edwards failed to keep a dinner date with friends.Source: Supplied
Ciara Glennon’s parents, Una and Denis, at a hearing prior to the trial for the man accused of murdering their daughter. Picture: Colin Murty.Source:News Corp Australia
In 1990 Bradley Edwards attacked a woman at Perth’s Hollywood Hospital (above) and stuffed cloth into her mouth. Picture: Google.Source:Supplied

Wikipedia Exposed Media - WEM www.wikipediaexposed.org

FREEDOM TO PROVIDE FACTS, INFORMATION, OPINION AND DEBATE WIKIPEDIA EXPOSED MEDIA - TRUTHFUL NEWS MEDIA, ENCOURAGE OPEN DEBATE

Muscles of the neck. Lateral view.

Wikipedia exposed as a CIA disinformation front
12/12/2019 / By Ethan Huff

https://liberty.news/2019-12-12-wikipedia-exposed-cia-disinformation-front.html


A new report has uncovered detailed evidence about who really controls Wikipedia, and it’s not ordinary folks volunteering their time like the platform’s creators claim.
As it turns out, Wikipedia is a deep state propaganda tool masquerading as an online “encyclopedia,” and none other than the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) monitor it 24/7 to ensure that only pre-screened misinformation makes it through the censors.
While Wikipedia may have started out as something more innocent, it has since been co-opted by government spooks who quietly edit certain key entries, including those about 9/11 and the war in Iraq, to prevent the actual truth from going public.
IP logs obtained by a program known as WikiScanner, which was developed by Virgil Griffith from the Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico, reveal that CIA and FBI agents are constantly making changes to Wikipedia entries as part of a covert information manipulation operation of which most everyday people are unaware.
WikiScanner data grabs show that CIA computers edited a Wikipedia entry about the 2003 invasion of Iraq, while an entry about former CIA chief William Colby was similarly altered to expand his career history and praise a Vietnam War rural pacification program he led
Wikipedia censors about 1,000 IP addresses per DAY, says investigator
Wikipedia is also engaged in a massive censorship effort whereby it bans the IP addresses of users who try to input truth into the site that contradicts the lies being spread by the CIA and FBI.
Insiders say that Wikipedia bans upwards of 1,000 IP addresses per day, even as it claims to present “neutral,” “unbiased” information about events, people and organizations.
As we’ve also reported, long gone are the days of Wikipedia being “the people’s encyclopedia,” as the site routinely censors natural health content, as well as entries that expose the criminal racket known as Big Pharma.
It’s time to face the facts: Wikipedia is just another mainstream media outlet spreading fake news
Whether it’s the establishment “right” or the establishment “left,” Wikipedia exists to ensure that only the official narrative is put out there for mass consumption. Anything that doesn’t conform to the deep state’s version of “truth” is quickly scrubbed, often in a matter of seconds, by government jackboots who sit around all day altering Wikipedia entries as they see fit.
For the ordinary man and woman, it’s a near-impossible feat to even gain access to Wikipedia entries for the purpose of editing them, seeing as how the site has constructed a clever hierarchy process that makes it difficult to attain the same top-level privileges that the CIA and FBI have.
For all intents and purposes, Wikipedia is really just another mainstream media fake news outlet like CNN or MSNBC that spreads deep state propaganda as “facts.” The evidence is there if you’re willing to actually take a look.
“Wikipedia is part of the Establishment by all means – it’s no different from an information perspective than the CIA’s very own CNN,” reveals DisruptiveFare.com.
“So a discussion about the MSM and CNN is appropriate here. Wikipedia’s main citation, the #1 ‘news’ source and #1 most credible news organization is – you’ve guessed it – CNN … CNN is no different than the Russian Pravda (which means in Russian ‘Truth’) used during Soviet times to spread government propaganda and politically assassinate enemies of the state.”
Be sure to check out the full DisruptiveFare.com exposé on Wikipedia as republished by Zero Hedge.
You can also keep up with the latest news about mainstream media deception, including the kind being pushed by Big Tech corporations like Wikipedia, by checking out Propaganda.news.
Sources for this article include:
ZeroHedge.com
NaturalNews.com
Tagged Under: Big Tech, brainwashed, CIA, deception, disinfo, disinformation, Exposed, Fake, Jimmy Wales, lies, official narrative, propaganda, tech giants, Wikipedia

Mark Philip Dixie is a British serial rapist and murderer who was convicted on 22 February 2008 of murdering 18-year-old singer and model Sally Anne Bowman on 25 September 2005 in South Croydon, London. He has 17 other criminal convictions. He was known by various pseudonyms. Wikipedia.

Mark Philip Dixie being interviewed by the police Credit: Met Police
Mark Philip Dixie has been a suspect in the Claremont Serial Killings.
In is understood by an investigation team looking into the Claremont Serial Killings., the Mark Philip Dixie is an asset of MI6/MI5, who was allowed to run free for a long time if he committed criminal offences for  MI6/MI5,.
It s understood by investigators that MI6/MI5/CIA and the Chinese Triads, who are MI6/MII5/CIA's  illegal Drug distribution partners, had an involvement in the Claremont Serial Killings. The full story will be exposed in a new film being made and released called "The Darker Side of Perth (The Untold story behind the Claremont Serial Killings).

Club Bay View in Claremont was visited by Sarah Spiers and Jane Rimmer before they disappeared. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)

Lynda Donovan was with Jane Rimmer on the night she disappeared. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)

Sally Anne Bowman 'would still be alive if Spanish police had done their job'
RONKE PHILLIPS ITV LONDON SENIOR CORRESPONDENT

A man who served 12 years in a Spanish prison for a series of violent sexual assaults which were committed by the killer of Croydon model Sally Anne Bowman has given his first television interview to ITV News London.

https://www.itv.com/news/london/2017-09-20/dutchman-wrongly-jailed-for-rape-committed-by-british-criminal-blames-spanish-police-failures/

Romano van der Dussen had his conviction quashed by the Spanish Supreme Court.
He was jailed in 2003 even though his DNA did not match the sample found on one of the victims and says if the Spanish police had done their job properly back then Sally Anne who was murdered in September 2005 would still be alive.

Romano Van Der Dussen was baffled when he was arrested and questioned about the attempted rapes of three women in separate attacks in Fuengirola in Malaga on August 10th 2003.

Apparently one of the victims had picked his photograph out as her attacker. His picture was on police file because he had been arrested, but never charged, after a row in the street with a girlfriend.

DNA found on one of the victims was not his and a fingerprint discovered at the scene of one of the attacks did not belong to him either.
He knew he was innocent and even when he was charged was convinced he would be acquitted by the courts. He had an alibi.
He'd given police the names of two British witnesses who said they were with him 14 miles away in Torremolinos, but police never interviewed them.

Romano, who's originally from Leiden in Holland found himself at the centre of a frightening nightmare.
The trial was in Spanish, a language he didn't speak at the time. The hearing was quick and seemed to point to him being guilty before all the evidence had been heard.
To his horror, he was convicted and was jailed for 15 years for attempted rape, wounding, robbery and sexual assault. It would be more than a decade before the terrible dream would come to an end.

In February this year, after serving 12 years of his sentence Romano's conviction was quashed.
It came eight months after 44-year-old Mark Dixie who is serving life for the savage murder of Sally Anne Bowman in south London in 2005, admitted raping a Spanish woman while high on drink and drugs in Fuengirola in August 2003.

The Met discovered Dixie had been living in Fuengirola between 2002 and October 2003 and went to see him in prison in County Durham.
During the police interview Dixie admitted raping one of the women Romano was accused of attacking, but claimed he could not remember if he carried out the other two assaults because he was so high on drugs at the time.
But prosecutors at Romano's trial had argued the same man must have committed all three rapes, which took place within two hours of each other.
A saliva sample from Dixie was matched to DNA found on the first victim.
It was after detectives sent his DNA profile to Spanish police who ran it through their database that the match was made to the attack in Fuengirola.

The Supreme Court was told there was a one in 54 million chance that the DNA found on the victim did not belong to Dixie.
Romano Van Der Dussen spent 12 years behind bars for a crime he did not commit and says if the Spanish Police had done their job properly in 2003 when he was arrested, Sally Anne would not have been murdered.
The horrendous thing is, if Spanish police had done their job properly they might have arrested Dixie in 2003 and Sally Anne would still be alive.

I'll never get the last 12 years of my life back, but at least my name is cleared and I can finally start to rebuild my life again
The 18-year-old model was ambushed as she got out of her boyfriends car in Croydon in the early hours of September the 25th 2005. She was robbed, raped and repeatedly stabbed.
Dixie, who was working as a pub chef, was only caught after being arrested over a fight a year later. His DNA was found to match samples taken from the murder scene.
Romano's mother died before his name was cleared. She could not stand the idea of her own son being a rapist, and never came to see him in Spain because she had been raped herself.
My stepsister is the result of that sexual attack, and my mother always saw her rapist's face in her own daughter's. I have experienced that kind of trauma up close and personal.

She did ask the prison authorities if she could say goodbye to me when she realised she was dying of cancer, but it was not possible. I was never able to tell her that I loved her very much and that I had never assaulted any girls. She died before I was able to prove my innocence.
In July this year Mark Dixie admitted to another rape. This offence was committed when he was just 16. It happened in 1987.
He ambushed a woman in an isolated car park, raped her, tied her to her car and then set fire to it. The woman managed to escape and raise the alarm. He also admitted indecently assaulting another woman in 2002.

Dixie will be sentenced for these attacks at the Old Bailey on Friday. He is already serving 34 years for the rape and murder of Sally Anne Bowman.

The PodcastClaremont serial killings trial podcast: ‘A Lesson in DNA’
Kate RyanPerthNow
January 30, 2020
https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-a-lesson-in-dna-ng-b881448608z
CLAREMONT: The Trial - A Lesson in DNA - 00:00 / 30:52

The forensic scientist who tested the evidence which is crucial to the prosecution’s case today took the stand.

Anna-Marie Ashley from Pathwest, detailed in painfully intricate detail of how she extracted the DNA from the Karrakatta rape victim’s intimate swabs, which revealed DNA which we now know is Bradley Edwards’ - for the first time.
She also tested Ciara Glennon’s fingernail samples - the crucial piece of evidence the prosecution say links the Karrakatta rape, which Bradley Edwards has pleaded guilty to, with the murder of Ciara Glennon.

For full coverage of WA's trial of the century, head to TheWest.com.au

It was an extremely scientific and detail driven day in court, luckily, forensic DNA expert Brendan Chapman joined Natalie and Tim in the studio to help us try to understand the process of DNA extraction.
Brendan’s informative introduction into DNA is a must-listen for those of us following the trial, because we’ve been warned - it’s only going to get more complicated.
Especially when the defence take their turn cross examining the evidence.

If you have a question for the podcast, email us at claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au
For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to 

TheWest.com.au

Bradley Edwards, pictured, is accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon in 1996 and 1997. Credit: AAP

Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's far north in 1995. (ABC News)

Superintendent John Leembruggen spent two years in the 1990s working for the Macro Task Force. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)

WA Sergeant Adam McCulloch has told the Claremont serial killings trial an error was made in relation to a crucial piece of forensic evidence. (9News)

Violent attacker is suspect in murders
LUKE ELIOTT

The West Australian
Monday, 7 November 2011
https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/violent-attacker-is-suspect-in-murders-ng-ya-141907
Donald Morey Credit: The West Australian

A street prostitute who narrowly survived a brutal bashing at the hands of a sexual deviant who is suspected of being involved in two unsolved suspected murders says she is still haunted by the chilling attack and believes her assailant may have killed other women.
In her first media interview since the December 2003 attack, the woman, who did not want her name published, described crawling through a swamp and scaling a 2.4m high concrete wall in a bid to escape.
"I know there are other girls who aren't as lucky as I was," the woman said.
In September 2005, career criminal Donald Victor Morey was convicted after trial of attempted murder.

In handing down a 13-year jail term, Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Miller accepted the prosecutor's submission that there was no sexual motive to Morey's crime as he was impotent at the time.

"This woman was a random target and . . . it was predatory conduct on your part," Justice Miller said. "It was a premeditated offence, that you planned to take her to a remote area and it was not the case that you voluntarily desisted from what you were doing."
Morey's appeals were dismissed and he remains behind bars.
He is a suspect in the murder of Darylyn Meridith Ugle, a prostitute who was last seen alive while soliciting for sex in March 2003, and to the disappearance of Sarah McMahon, a 20-year-old Parkerville woman who has not been seen leaving her Claremont workplace exactly 11 years ago today. Her vehicle was found at Swan District Hospital. Morey denies involvement in both cases but admits he knew Ms McMahon.

Ms Ugle's body was found in April 2003 near Mundaring Weir - a short distance from Morey's Chidlow home and from the Helena Valley street where he took his December 2003 victim. The two prostitutes knew each other.

"We don't think it is going to happen to us but I didn't put two and two together," the prostitute who escaped said.
"I'm not a dumb girl. I have good instincts and he was good enough to make me go against my instincts."
She said she felt uneasy getting into Morey's car that night in December 2003 but accepted $900 to have sex with him.
"I think he might have panicked because I realised he was going around in circles," she said.
"He calmly pulled his car over to the side of the road and he already had rope wrapped around his hand when he turned his car off."

Morey tried to place the rope over the woman's neck but she put her back against the passenger door and repeatedly kicked him.
"I fell out backwards and hit the kerb with my back," she said.
"He dived out over the top of me and I got him in the face with my feet. I think that dazed him a little bit. I crawled to the back of the car and he followed me.
"He was punching into me for about 15 minutes and I was screaming. I climbed on to the back of his car . . . to try not to let him get me back into the car again."
The woman managed to climb a high wall and stumble through a swampy area.
"I was screaming," she said. Morey eventually got back in his car and drove off.
The woman said the attack changed her life.
"I couldn't walk out in the street at night," she said.

"If I see someone who looks like him I jump a little, even though I know he is in jail."

They heard Morey say, "She's gone, she's not coming back for Christmas", when he saw a TV appeal requesting information about Ms McMahon's whereabouts.

Morey, an acquaintance of Ms McMahon, was the last person to speak to the 20-year-old on the day she disappeared.
Disappearance suspect to talk at inquest
Tim Clarke, AAP

December 10, 2012

https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/disappearance-suspect-to-talk-at-inquest/news-story/2693f991b8210619c2f2925c5778a6e6

THE prime suspect in the disappearance of a young Perth woman 12 years ago will be compelled to give evidence at an inquest into her suspected death.
Sarah Anne McMahon has not been seen since she went missing after leaving work in the upmarket suburb of Claremont in November 2000, with three police investigations over more than a decade failing to discover her whereabouts.

At the opening of the inquest into her suspected death, West Australian coroner Alastair Hope was told that police had long suspected the involvement of 57-year-old Donald Morey in her disappearance.


Morey, an acquaintance of Ms McMahon, was the last person to speak to the 20-year-old on the day she disappeared.


After telling a work colleague she was meeting a friend in Bassendean at 5.30pm, Ms McMahon failed to pick up her sister as scheduled at 8.30pm that evening.
She was reported missing, and fears grew after her car and personal belongings were found at Swan Districts Hospital days later.

After the initial police investigation, Operation Inez, drew a blank, a further investigation was launched after Morey was convicted of the attempted murder of a Perth prostitute in 2004. He had also been a person of interest in the death of another prostitute the previous year.
Philip Urquhart, the lawyer assisting the coroner, said the police were again unable to substantiate enough evidence against Morey.
Morey has consistently denied any involvement in Ms McMahon's disappearance.

A cold case review of both investigations was launched last year, and Morey was again interviewed extensively.
In those interviews, Morey said he was still in contact with Ms McMahon, whom he claimed was living in Canada with her two children.
He told police she intended to hand herself to authorities in 14 months.
Detective Senior Sergeant Darryl Cox said extensive inquiries with Interpol had failed to turn up any evidence she was in North America, and police had no doubts she was dead.
Morey, who is currently serving 13 years in prison for the attempted murder, is set to be the last witness called to give evidence at the inquest.
Police requested the inquest after the cold-case review encountered several key witnesses who refused to co-operate.

Morey, his former boss at a trucking company and, most crucially, a witness who said she saw Ms McMahon's naked and bloodied body on Morey's bed on the night she disappeared will all be called to give evidence under special coronial powers.
Other witnesses are set to give evidence that they saw a bag owned by Morey containing rope, tape, knives, condoms and pornography.
They will also testify they heard Morey say, "She's gone, she's not coming back for Christmas", when he saw a TV appeal requesting
information about Ms McMahon's whereabouts.
The inquest is scheduled to last four days.

Sally Anne Bowman

Jane Rimmer is the alleged second victim of the accused Claremont serial killer.

Claremont trial: Doctor who assessed rape victim recalls violent crime
Claremont murders cop did not use gloves


WA Sergeant Adam McCulloch has told the Claremont serial killings trial an error was made in relation to a crucial piece of forensic evidence. (9News)


Sgt McCulloch described for the trial the process of examining victim Ciara Glennon, 27, including taking nail clippings from her after her death. (Supplied)

https://www.9news.com.au/national/claremont-serial-killer-trial-wa-police-statement-errors-forensic-investigation/fca6d95a-8c01-4d11-9691-300f74ca97e8

A forensic officer has described collecting nail clippings allegedly containing critical DNA evidence in the Claremont serial killings case, but admits he made an error in a subsequent police statement about another key exhibit.

Ex-Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997, as the defence continues to suggest contamination is a possibility.

Sergeant Adam McCulloch testified he had some independent recollection but also relied on documents to prepare his seven police statements
"I have faith in my own documents and my own note taking," he said on Wednesday.


But defence counsel Paul Yovich noted there were some errors in the statements, including one in 2015 when the officer incorrectly stated he used evidence tape to seal exhibits from the Karrakatta Cemetery rape in 1995, which Edwards has admitted.

One item was a pair of shorts taken from the 17-year-old rape victim that prosecutors allege has fibres linked to Edwards.
Sgt McCulloch said in 2015 evidence tape was used and he assumed it was what he had done.
The officer was also involved in Ms Glennon's post-mortem in 1997 and said he wore gloves when he "touched and handled" her left hand, as her 10 fingernail clippings were collected.
Sgt McCulloch said he held containers under each fingernail while mortuary technician Robert Macdermid cut them as much as he could.
"The fingernail dropped directly into the container ... I then screwed the yellow top," he said.
Sgt McCulloch explained he touched Ms Glennon's hand after her thumb, index and middle fingernails were collected, in preparation for the next nail on the ring finger and to ensure there was no mix-up.

DNA found under Ms Glennon's left thumbnail and middle finger allegedly matches Edwards.
Prosecutors say his DNA was also found on the Karrakatta rape victim and on a silk kimono he left behind at a Huntingdale home where he attacked a sleeping 18-year-old woman in 1988.
The court heard Ms Glennon's "sodden, soiled and moist" shirt was placed in a paper bag without evidence tape to seal it and was instead repeatedly folded over.
Sgt McCulloch said the shirt was later removed from the paper bag and placed on a stainless steel rack in the drying room with a drop sheet at the base.
It remained there for a weekend, then was returned to the bag and transferred to the state health lab with other exhibits.
Prosecutors allege 11 fibres recovered from the shirt match Edwards' Telstra-issued work clothes.
Asked about his knowledge of contamination in the mid-1990s, Sgt McCulloch said: "Without wearing gloves, there was a big chance of contamination."

He also referred to Locard's exchange principle, which says when two objects come into contact there is a transfer of physical material.
But he said his knowledge of DNA and microscopic fibres at the time was limited.
Sgt McCulloch was also questioned about a fibre that was collected in a container during Ms Glennon's post mortem, but then went missing.
He said the fibre was minute and difficult to see, so a polilight and tweezers had been used to collect it.
AAP 2020

Left photo shows Jane Rimmer talking to the Mystery Man,

Right photo Mystery Man appears to be using a long lens camera to take a photo of Jane Rimmer ....

" .... this leads one to an obvious conclusion, that the abduction of Jane Rimmer may not have been random, but carefully selected with the Mystery Man having the job of taking a photo of Jane Rimmer and chatting up Jane Rimmer to obtain a recording of Jane Rimmer's voice, and to encourage Jane Rimmer not to go home with her friends, but to meet him at a night club in Perth ..... being the reason why Jane Rimmer was seen hitchhiking on Stirling Highway in the direction of the City of Perth at around 12.30 am  .... then the evidence at the trial of Bradley Edwards, that the Hyoid Bone was completely removed from Jane Rimmer's neck ... why and how would a so-called telephone-repairman-serial-rapist-killer only armed with a Telstra pocket knife, completely remove the Hyoid Bone from the neck of Jane Rimmer?.... why hasn't it been pointed out by the police, the prosecution and the mainstream media of the fact that the Mysteryman appears to be shown taking a photo of Jane Rimmer with a long lens camera .... with the stills of these photos taken from the video taken at the Claremont Hotel, which was only publicly available around 12 years after the abduction and murder of Jane Rimmer ..... Wjhey did the police wait 12 years to publicly release this video of Jane Rimmer talking to the Mystery Man and the Mystery Man appearing to be taking Jane Rimmer's photo with a long lens camera? ....we have two possible suspects other than Bradley Robert Edwards as to who could be the mystery man" ..... NYT CSK  Investigation Team 

Sarah Anne McMahon

 Edwards has admitted raping a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 after abducting her as she walked home from Claremont at night. (ABC: Emma Wynne)

Hyoid Bone Diagram 2

Forensic Science Service in London?

 Dr Johnathan Whitaker Head of Forensic Science Service in London​ 
http://forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com
16 Upper Woburn Place, London, WC1H 0BS,

Email: enquiries@forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com, 

Mark Mastaglio : +44 7919 217 848

 Angela Shaw : +44 7919 392 397
http://forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com/
https://www.principalforensicservices.com/jonathan-whitaker-dna/

Dr Jonathan Whitaker is a dedicated, highly experienced, leading DNA profiling expert providing DNA profile interpretation, advice, consultancy and expert witness services to defence and prosecution criminal justice partners both in the UK and overseas.
In relation to reporting casework matters, Jonathan will use his 28 years of experience to perform an independent interpretation of DNA profiling results and, on a case by case basis, consider the following relevant questions to help address whether or not the conclusions reached are robust and reliable, fair and balanced, and stand up to expert scrutiny
Additionally, as part of the Principal Forensic Services group, Jonathan continually works to improve the quality and standards of DNA profiling processes and strives to improve understanding of the scientific issues to all through effective communication and training. Jonathan, prides himself on delivering a competitively priced (Legal Aid Authority rates apply as appropriate), high quality service and offers free advice on enquiry.
Jonathan is a Bachelor of Science (Honours) Genetics and a Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Genetics. He has been involved in the research, development and implementation of many generations of DNA profiling tests and has extensively interpreted and reported these results as an expert witness in courts of law both in the UK and overseas. Until 2012 he was a Principal Forensic Scientist for DNA profile interpretation at the Forensic Science Service in the UK. He is a registered forensic practitioner with the Netherlands Register of Court Experts (NRGD) as well as a member of their advisory committee for DNA assessment, a member of The Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences and is affiliated to the STRmix™ statistical training team in New Zealand.

Additionally, as part of the Principal Forensic Services group, Jonathan continually works to improve the quality and standards of DNA profiling processes and strives to improve understanding of the scientific issues to all through effective communication and training. Jonathan, prides himself on delivering a competitively priced (Legal Aid Authority rates apply as appropriate), high quality service and offers free advice on enquiry.
Jonathan is a Bachelor of Science (Honours) Genetics and a Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Genetics. He has been involved in the research, development and implementation of many generations of DNA profiling tests and has extensively interpreted and reported these results as an expert witness in courts of law both in the UK and overseas. Until 2012 he was a Principal Forensic Scientist for DNA profile interpretation at the Forensic Science Service in the UK. He is a registered forensic practitioner with the Netherlands Register of Court Experts (NRGD) as well as a member of their advisory committee for DNA assessment, a member of The Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences and is affiliated to the STRmix™ statistical training team in New Zealand.
For further information and bibliography see: 
www.DNAexpertopinion.com

Whose DNA/body fluid is it?
Has the DNA profile been interpreted correctly?
Do the DNA profiles match?
Has the DNA profile been statistically evaluated?
Are the statistical evaluation propositions appropriate in this case?
Have any limitations and subjective views been clearly explained?
Is there any scientific basis for attributing the DNA to a particular body fluid?

How did the DNA/body fluid get there?
Issues relating to DNA transfer: addressing 'how' the DNA was deposited
Issues relating to DNApersistence: addressing 'how long ' the DNA has been there
Have different DNA transfer scenarios been proposed and evaluated (activity level propositions)?
Has continutiy and the possibility of inadvertent laboratory or process contamination been assessed?
Does the work fully address the relevant issues?
Does the report consider both prosecution and defence alternatives?
Have the scientific methods used been appropriately validated?
Are the conclusions robust and reliable and reported in the context of the case circumstances?
Are the opinions supported by reference to data which has been relied upon?

For further information and bibliography see: www.DNAexpertopinion.com

Wikipedia Fraud EXPOSED: Troll farms and the CIA have hijacked the once open platform
https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-12-09/wikipedia-fraud-exposed-troll-farms-and-cia-have-hijacked-once-open-platform
by globalintelhub - Mon, 12/09/2019

((DisruptiveFare.com)) - 12/9/2019 -- Somewhere, USA -- For those who value knowledge, this comes as a sad surprise.  Wikipedia once was a free and open source encyclopedia, where anyone could contribute.
It was never perfect, but it was usually pretty accurate, except about controversial topics, current events, conspiracies, and some other unique topics.  But starting in 2016 the quality started deteriorating rapidly across the board.  We wanted to know how, so we signed up.  What we learned was shocking.

We need to get into the weeds here a bit to understand how this scam operates.  Wikipedia was a system setup by Jimmy Wales a long time ago, and the rules have evolved over time but still maintain the same guidelines established in the beginning.  No one really owns Wikipedia which is perfect for the Elite because there's no one to point the finger at.  Best part for them - all the moderators called "SysOps" are anonymous.  There is a hierarchy that requires you make 500 edits before having more privileges.  At any point, if a SysOp doesn't like an edit or comment you make, the threats start, you can be blocked.  They can ban your IP.  You can always READ but you cannot EDIT.  Of course this can all be circumvented, but here's the point:  They are about form not essence.  

The good and honest Wikipedia editors that aren't trolls, they are sticklers for rules and are trying to build an open public document about everything which is a monumental task - FOR FREE.  Everything is volunteer so no one gets any sort of 'benefit' for editing.  Here are the basics of the rules (in summary):

Anyone can apply to be an editor, no credentials or experience or identity verification.  Could be a child, or it could be the CIA, could be Chinese Intelligence.  They only track your IP.  Number of edits works towards your 'rank' the more edits and the more time that elapses the higher up the ranks you go.  After 500 edits and 30 days you can be an "Extended Confirmed User" at which point you can apply to be an Administrator or "SysOp".  When you are a SysOp, you can do things like undo changes, block users, delete pages, and modify fully protected pages.  Some pages are so controversial, only SysOps can modify them - such as the page for Donald Trump.  Try for yourself, on any page click 'edit source' at the top - if it's protected it will say 'view source' and you'll see this:

These policies all seem logical and reasonable for a system which is completely open to the public.  But any open system is also open to hackers and exploitation, as we shall shortly see.

What we noticed is that when editing unpopular topics or those not involving current events, there is little editorial oversight.  

But when we edit pages like Trump Impeachment, Anderson Cooper, or Zero Hedge - content that is not approved by the editors (based on their opinion) is removed in minutes.  Having some experience with intelligence gathering and operations, we noted a connection between all the pages where information is quickly sanitized: the CIA.   Most people take Wikipedia at face value - it must be true if it's in Wikipedia.  They are using this laziness to attempt to exploit reality, in a much more organized and methodical manner as compared to the TV exploitation.  Let's first look at some public examples of what's going on.

According to Reuters, a man by the name of Virgil Griffith developed a tool WikiScanner which tracks the IPs of who is editing Wikipedia:

People using CIA and FBI computers have edited entries in the online encyclopedia Wikipedia on topics including the Iraq war and the Guantanamo prison, according to a new tracing program.  The changes may violate Wikipedia’s conflict-of-interest guidelines, a spokeswoman for the site said on Thursday.The program, WikiScanner, was developed by Virgil Griffith of the Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico and posted this month on a Web site that was quickly overwhelmed with searches.  The program allows users to track the source of computers used to make changes to the popular Internet encyclopedia where anyone can submit and edit entries.  WikiScanner revealed that CIA computers were used to edit an entry on the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003. A graphic on casualties was edited to add that many figures were estimated and were not broken down by class.  Another entry on former CIA chief William Colby was edited by CIA computers to expand his career history and discuss the merits of a Vietnam War rural pacification program that he headed.  Aerial and satellite images of the U.S. prison for terrorism suspects at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, were removed using a computer traced to the FBI, WikiScanner showed.  CIA spokesman George Little said he could not confirm whether CIA computers were used in the changes, adding that “the agency always expects its computer systems to be used responsibly.”  The FBI did not have an immediate response.  Computers at numerous other organizations and companies were found to have been involved in editing articles related to them.

 That's not all.  There's even grassroots reporting about "The Dark Side of Wikipedia" from this report:

August 21, 2016 — Right now, this very second, people are busily editing away on the website Wikipedia, at a rate of more than ten edits per second. There are over five million articles written in English on Wikipedia, with a thousand being added every day.

But there's a dark side to Wikipedia you probably don't know about. The promise of accurate, neutral articles and privacy for contributors is often just a mirage, according to two insiders. They say they've been left battle-scarred after troubling personal encounters with the world's most popular encyclopedia.

It's billed as "the encyclopedia anyone can edit." But for many, it's the opposite.

Greg Kohs is among the blocked. Banned, he says, for challenging Wikipedia policies.
Kohs: Just in the past four hours, 500 IP addresses and users have been blocked from editing Wikipedia.


In 2012, Kohs helped start an opposing website called, "Wikipediocracy," to expose what he calls Wikipedia's "misinformation, defamation and general nonsense."
Sharyl: So Wikipedia does censor users?
Kohs: Absolutely. In a given day, Wikipedia administrators typically are blocking about 1,000 different IP addresses.
Sharyl: 1,000 a day?
Kohs: 1,000 a day. Yes.

When Kohs ran afoul of Wikipedia, he was drawn into an unseen cyberworld. One where he says volunteer editors dole out punishment and retaliation, privacy is violated and special interests control information.

Is it fair to assume, that if they were doing it - they continue to do it?  Or to ask the question differently - if they have something to hide - why wouldn't they?

In a 2007 article on Wired, they name editor-trolls such as the CIA, Diebold, and a political campaign:

On November 17th, 2005, an anonymous Wikipedia user deleted 15 paragraphs from an article on e-voting machine-vendor Diebold, excising an entire section critical of the company's machines. While anonymous, such changes typically leave behind digital fingerprints offering hints about the contributor, such as the location of the computer used to make the edits.  In this case, the changes came from an IP address reserved for the corporate offices of Diebold itself. And it is far from an isolated case. A new data-mining service launched Monday traces millions of Wikipedia entries to their corporate sources, and for the first time puts comprehensive data behind longstanding suspicions of manipulation, which until now have surfaced only piecemeal in investigations of specific allegations....Wal-Mart has a series of relatively small changes in 2005 that that burnish the company's image on its own entry while often leaving criticism in, changing a line that its wages are less than other retail stores to a note that it pays nearly double the minimum wage, for example. Another leaves activist criticism on community impact intact, while citing a "definitive" study showing Wal-Mart raised the total number of jobs in a community.

It's not surprising that large organizations infiltrate open systems in order to defend their own existence.  But there's a huge difference between Wal-Mart (WMT) and the CIA: accountability.  The CIA is a publicly funded enterprise, who has the ultimate opaque mask to hide behind: it's classified.  In fact, if you ask any significant question to the CIA via the compliant FOIA request process, you'll get the standard:  "CIA cannot confirm or deny this fact, nor can CIA confirm or deny that there is knowledge of such fact".  What we need is another Church Committee.  

About the Mainstream Media
One conclusion of our analysis is that we should include Wikipedia as part of the Mainstream Media (MSM) as some call it.  Wikipedia is part of the Establishment by all means - it's no different from an information perspective than the CIA's very own CNN.  So a discussion about the MSM and CNN is appropriate here.  Wikipedia's main citation, the #1 'news' source and #1 most credible news organization is - you've guessed it - CNN.  Even though CNN was outed as a complete fraud lying and creating fake stories in an attempt to smear political enemies, Wikipedia is having none of it.  Editors even said that video recordings by project veritas were 'deep fakes' and videos were 'altered' - who do they think they are kidding?  Undercover whistleblowers risk their jobs and lives to expose dirty organizations like CNN and we are supposed to believe that it's all made up?  Of course they would say that, as it's CNN who makes up lies about people they want to smear, while parading as a legitimate news organization.  CNN is no different than the Russian Prava (which means in Russian "Truth") used during Soviet times to spread government propaganda and politically assassinate enemies of the state.  Project Veritas exposed how CNN is left leaning organization with a pro-Democrat bias, but we need to elaborate this point as this is another trick the Elite play on the populace.  This is not a political issue, CNN is pro-Establishment.  Republicans (for example the Bush clan) are no better than the Clinton Mafia.  Plunder, pillage, murder, graft, and an Imperial power grab - this is the new Mafia class in USA.  

Understanding the CIA and reporting it
The CIA is a clandestine organization and as such, they will never make any statements to verify any facts about them that are unpleasant for them (including most important facts that might the general public question their existence).  Remember that the CIA is funded with tax dollars so they work for US Citizens.  Any evidence of operations is destroyed, so it's very unlikely that anyone would ever find a document about their internal operations, with the exception of what they publicly release via their FOIA reading room.   What they release is obviously uninteresting and un-incriminating.  They even release humorous projects in order to send a message to the public's subconscious - we're the good guys and we do things.  One of the most kind and funny examples is the 1960's attempt to turn Kitties into spies.  Of course, when someone is confronted with some bad things, they have the subconscious association with kitties and spies.  How cute!

Legality - This is important. 

All of what we are describing here, is legal (sort of).  For example, it's illegal for the CIA to operate domestically.  So officially, they don't.  Just like overseas, they use a web of shell companies and NGOs which serve as the 'front end' and these are called front companies. CNN's auditor isn't going to find "Central Intelligence Agency" in the books and records.  Some of these fronts are just shells but others are legitimate companies, owned and controlled by the Agency through InQTel, the Venture Capital arm.

So what we know about the CIA comes from leaks such as the famous Snowden leak, and many others via Wikileaks such as the Vault 7 release.  Another quality source is whistleblower testimony.  CIA whistleblowers are obviously discredited, harassed, and in many cases end up involved in strange deaths.  One whistleblower turned author wrote the classic bestseller Confessions of an Economic Hit Man - a must read to insights on how the CIA really operates.  What's compelling about this account in particular is the detailed descriptions of how it works.  According to the author the CIA is the agency tasked with building American Imperialism with the following method 1) First a group of economists are sent to emerging markets where they explain the only hope for growth are these exorbitant IMF loans (which they know they will never repay).  To entice them to accept they may 'pay' the leaders a bonus, such as $50 Million to you Swiss bank account.  2) If they don't accept the loans, then they send in the 'jackals' who basically try to overthrow the regime with force.  This has been acheived hundreds of times but doesn't always work.  When it doesn't, then we 3) Declare war, based on lies such as "Weapons of Mass Destruction" or any excuse or evidence that can be planted.

Problems with Logic
The majority of huddled masses and the majority of intelligentsia too, don't understand Logic & Rhetoric.  Knowing this, those spouting lies and creating deception very cleverly use tricks in order to obfuscate and mislead.  For example, in the beginning of the official Impeachment Hearing Report, a statement is made:

The Committees pursued the truth vigorously, but fairly,ensuring the full participation of both parties throughout the probe.

How can a committee who created a fake impeachment based on false and manufactured evidence against the defendant, make a statement like this?  Here's the issue - readers who are Democrats and anti-Trump will take it as axiomatic, or in other words, at face value.  Here's how the brain process works.  You read a statement, and you assume it to be true, because it justifies your existing bias (opinion) which in this case is "Orange Man Bad."  With a false premise, the conclusion is always true.  The schism between Democrats and Republicans is not political, it's intellectual.  It's similar to the difference between scholastic and stochastic, or the difference between religion and philosophy.  Stochastics are believers, Scholastics are students.  The difference is key to understanding what's going on in US politics.  Trump isn't a Republican.  In fact, he spent more money than Obama in his time as President by 13.5% (marginally more if you count for inflation - and the US Treasury is more profitable now).  He thrashed the EPA.  Where's the conservativism?  Trump is an anti-establishment candidate, not a Republican.  He's a capitalist with a Real Estate background with child-like understanding of markets - lower rates = asset inflation (stocks & real estate) = Happy People.  There are plenty of criticisms Democrats could make against Trump if they were intellectuals, if they were ethical, such as:

Trump's lack of monetary policy (bias towards lower rates and manipulating the Fed is not a monetary policy)
Destruction of the EPA causing harmful, toxic environmental consequences
Foreign Policy mishandling

There are others.  The point is to illustrate that Democrats and Trump's enemies chose an irrational and artificial "Witch Hunt" rather than a logical well organized campaign.  Their behavior is childish and alarming - the US has become similar to Soviet Russia in many ways:

Media (Press) 99% controlled by the Government
Open public debate is not allowed (Wikipedia being censored, for example)
"Party Members" support the party based on belief, as if infected by a virus - not by facts, or results that the party has achieved.  (this is the destabilizing component we need to be afraid of)

This article is about Wikipedia, the above example is used only as a means to explain the tools that are employed by the editors of Wikipedia.  It's not a stupid operation, after all it is called 'intelligence' - but it's not the kind you employ to take an IQ test.  Intelligence has a few basic agendas behind it:  protect the state, grow big business, and counterintelligence (which can be for a number of reasons).  Wikipedia is the 'fake source' just as CNN is 'fake news' as proven by fake stories they will publish without references as if they are true.  Wikipedia is the same.  Although they have 'rules' very often the SysOps do not follow their own rules.  If you call them out on not following their own rules, they will tell you that you are 'abusing them' and if you 'continue your abuse' you will be banned.  

Wikipedia was free and overrun by trolls
Going back to the source topic, 

Larry Sanger was a co-founder of Wikipedia but left early due to what he felt was the system being 'overrun by trolls' -

Sanger grew disillusioned with Wikipedia.[27] He has argued that by mid-2001, the Wikipedia community was being "overrun" by what he described as "trolls" and "anarchist-types", who were "opposed to the idea that anyone should have any kind of authority that others do not".[28] 

What 'trolls' may he have been referring to?  Let's also be clear - the CIA isn't the only troll on Wikipedia, there are many.  Where there is big money involved, such as Pharmaceuticals, there are trolls.  Let's take a look at some of the findings of this author in a piece aptly titled "Wikipedia: Rotten to the core" -

In 2013, a British Petroleum representative was found to be supplying Wikipedia editors with company-approved text that eventually comprised 44% of BP’s page. The editing took place while a civil trial was underway which could have resulted in BP paying out billions of dollars to victims of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The process itself — PR flack supplies biased “info” to an unaffiliated editor, who then inserts it without disclosing its origins — is common on Wikipedia and does not actually violate the rules, as BP was quick to point out.⁷ Indeed, multiple editors jumped to the defense of the editor working for BP, suggesting they were also being paid or merely wanted to keep their options open.  Roger Bamkin, a trustee of the Wikimedia Foundation UK and a PR consultant, used his Wiki position to place his PR client, the country of Gibraltar, on Wikipedia’s “did you know” front page feature 17 times during August 2012. As a “Wikipedian in Residence,” Bamkin was not permitted to operate with a conflict of interest or to edit the pages of the organization he worked with, but nothing in the rules prevented him from promoting that page. Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales called Bamkin’s behavior “wildly inappropriate” and denounced it in a double-speaking editorial. Basically, he told future emulators to be more circumspect in their behavior, because the “disaster for our reputation” would be immense if it got out that Wikipedia editors were “paid shills” instead of “free and independent scribes.”⁸ Wales understands the importance of one’s online reputation, which makes it even more unconscionable that his site has been weaponized to destroy the reputations of so many people.

BP lawyers noted correctly that there are ways to engage in biased editing that do not violate the rules.  In fact, the whole model of Wikipedia sort of invites trolls who are willing to spend the time, without being paid.  

Another interesting troll is Big Pharma, with obvious incentives to control information that's out there:
Big Pharma’s fingerprints are all over Wikipedia. Editors linked to AstraZeneca were caught posting negative material to competitors’ pages and adding promotional material to their own.³⁹ Wikiscanner caught Abbott Labs removing information from its entry about possible side effects of two of its most popular drugs, the weight loss pill Meridia and the arthritis pill Humira.⁴⁰ An analysis of the entry for Purdue Pharmaceuticals shows it has been through several editing cycles in which information on the addictive potential of the company’s infamous opiate Oxycontin was added, then removed, then added again, though any editors working for Purdue seem to have slunk away in the aftermath of their employer’s settlement with the state of Kentucky for $24 million in damages from widespread Oxycontin abuse in the state.⁴¹

Basically, Wikipedia is a legal time bomb waiting to explode.  It has sort of 'creeped' into culture in a manner so subtle you wouldn't know it, like the frog being boiled alive in the pot by slowly turning up the heat.

In another alarming article "Wikipedia is an Establishment PsyOp" they document the log of a 'volunteer' that has edited Wikipedia 24 hours a day 7 days a week for 5 years, deleting controversial / anti-Establishment content and replacing it with pro-war pro-Establishment content. The name is "Philip Cross" -

Until recently I haven’t been closely following the controversy between Wikipedia and popular anti-imperialist activists like John Pilger, George Galloway, Craig Murray, Neil Clark, Media Lens, Tim Hayward and Piers Robinson. Wikipedia has always been biased in favor of mainstream CNN/CIA narratives, but until recently I hadn’t seen much evidence that this was due to anything other than the fact that Wikipedia is a crowdsourced project and most people believe establishment-friendly narratives. That all changed when I read this article by Craig Murray, which is primarily what I’m interested in directing people’s attention to here.  The article, and this one which prompted it by Five Filters, are definitely worth reading in their entirety, because their contents are jaw-dropping. In short there is an account which has been making edits to Wikipedia entries for many years called Philip Cross. In the last five years this account’s operator has not taken a single day off–no weekends, holidays, nothing–and according to their time log they work extremely long hours adhering to a very strict, clockwork schedule of edits throughout the day as an ostensibly unpaid volunteer.

Wikipedia is the authority - Facebook is the operation.  That means that since the invention of the 'internets' (Bush, 2002) they have been working hard to create a disinformation system so intelligent it is disguised as a 'free open sourced encyclopedia' that anyone can edit.  Nothing can be further from the truth.  Wikipedia is a tool of the Establishment to suppress free speech and defame political opponents.  It is a tool for big business to control information on controversial products, such as drugs that can have fatal side effects.   

The rise of Zero Hedge by the Right
Wikipedia is not a blog (their statement) - although the SysOps run it like one.  An encyclo-blog.  Zero Hedge is.  Zero Hedge is a mix of self-written content on topics including the markets, economics, politics, and trading.  Focus is on unconventional views and sources.  Zero Hedge is not and never will be a Russian asset as some would claim.  Zero Hedge is not political and is not a conservative outlet.  It's fact-based, if you read articles like this one you'll see that key sentences have links to references.  This style of writing by journalists, analysts, and other writers in the alt-media can only be described as fact-based reporting, or evidence based writing.  It's not about opinions it's about references and links to documents.  The conclusions are the opinions of the writer, however there is always a link to fact-based evidence.  The defamation against Zero Hedge is because it publishes things which the mainstream media doesn't like, especially since 2015 (when the entire media, including Fox, is anti-Trump).  So they call it a Russian troll site or right wing conspiracy site.  It's neither.  It is a fact-based site so they have to label it as a conspiracy site.  Truth is lies and lies are truth.  They have brainwashed people into believing that CNN is 'fair and balanced' and Zero Hedge publishes opinionated hit jobs.  In fact, CNN has a history of publishing fake news, and is the subject to a $400 Million defamation lawsuit (the complaint is a good read for anyone interested in how CNN/CIA Fake News operates).  When we tried posting this on CNN's Wikipedia page, and even the page about "CNN Controversies" they wouldn't allow it.  First reason is that zerohedge.com was not a credible source.  So we used WashingtonPost.com and they said it wasn't allowed because it's not controversy, it's just a competitor to CNN trying to get viewers.  Then we tried a 3rd time with CNN.com as the source (which is biased and doesn't disclose material info about the case) and even that was declined, with no comment on deletion this time.

Zero Hedge is not the only fact-based site out there, there are many.  Here's a good list from a good site ActivistPost.com "Top 10 influential people in alt-media"


But here's the point.  Any site that posts facts that are contrary to the mainstream narrative filled with lies, that site needs to be discredited.  Defamation is much more powerful than assassination especially in the internet world.  BS "FactCheck" sites have been popping up like weeds in an abandoned shopping mall since 2015 and Snopes.com is out trolling factual information out there to deceive the gullible and unenlightened.  But going back to the thesis of this article, Snopes.com and friends by themselves are not credible, without Wikipedia.  Wikipedia is something that can change someone's opinion.  If it's in Wikipedia, it must be true.

Conclusion
What we have learned, there are thousands of paid-trolls editing Wikipedia for a purpose.  The purpose varies from business interests including large multi-nationals in industries such as Finance, Pharmaceuticals, Defense, Law, and others.  Politics is obviously a hot topic.  But so is Game of Thrones, Michael Jackson, and Acupuncture.  

The conclusion is that Wikipedia is a good reference of global opinions that reinforce the mainstream narrative whatever it may be.  You aren't going to find any dissent or alternative views on Wikipedia.  

Take Away
So what can one do about it?  One thing is stop using Wikipedia as a reference.  Two is look in the view history of pages to see if it is being edited or not.  One advantage of Wikipedia is that they do save old edits.  So if a Troll changed a real fact to a lie the history with the fact is still there.  The interface is a little weird but anyone with basic computer skills can get used to it.
Another point for authors - get editing!  Anyone can sign up for Wikipedia and after 500 edits and 90 days you too can become a SysOp - perhaps you will be an anti-Troll or 'disruptive editor' that will continually publish facts upon facts.  There would be one way to save Wikipedia - overwhelm the trolls.  If more people wrote fact based evidence there wouldn't be time for all the trolls to delete it.  

Finally - seek other sites such as RationalWiki, or try these 30+ alternatives. 

Or if you are the victim of an attack, you can always hire the experts at 

wikiprofessionalsinc.com 

Reference Articles
https://medium.com/@helen.buyniski/wikipedia-rotten-to-the-core-dcc435781c45
https://caitlinjohnstone.com/2018/05/20/wikipedia-is-an-establishment-psyop/ 
https://www.craigmurray.org.uk/archives/2018/05/the-philip-cross-affair/amp/?__twitter_impression=true 
https://medium.com/@wesleyadouglas/how-the-cia-controls-the-media-narrative-47eb050e6da5
https://wikipedia.fivefilters.org/ 
https://www.lewrockwell.com/2018/05/no_author/does-cnns-anderson-cooper-work-for-the-cia-it-shouldnt-be-taboo-to-talk-about-it/
https://steemit.com/dakini5d/@dakini5d/project-mockingbird-anderson-cooper-cnn-host-and-ex-cia-agent-deep-state-heir-to-vanderbilt-billions
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2017/mar/07/wikileaks-publishes-biggest-ever-leak-of-secret-cia-documents-hacking-surveillance
https://www.globalresearch.ca/problem-wikipedia/5696102 


About Disruptive Fare
This is a new kind of journalism.  The new mainstream media is disruptive media. 

There was a time when mainstream journalism was disruptive.  

We're re-evolving back to that time, with the power of the internet.  Information is power!

Bradley Roberts Edwards

Annette Mason Case- UNSOLVED: The Annette Mason Case
Samantha M
In 1989, 15 year old Annette Mason was enjoying a Saturday night out. The next day, her housemate found her in her bed, unresponsive. It's been almost 30 years since Annette Mason's life came to a sudden and horrific end, yet the case is more active than ever with a coronial inquest going on as we speak. JUSTICE FOR ANNETTE MASON FACEBOOK PAGE: https://www.facebook.com/Justiceforan... 

The Prosecution Case against Bradley Robert Edwards will very much rely on whether there is reasonable doubt that the DNA tests and samples could have been contaminated, the reliability of Low Copy Number (LCN) DNA, and whether the alleged Low Copy Number (LCN) DNA, of Bradley Robert Edwards was deliberately planted with the sample of Ciara Glennon's DNA to frame Bradley Robert Edwards for the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, being crimes the WA Government, the WA Police Service and the Public Prosecutions for Western Australia for so many different reasons had to bring to a close., and could not afford to not in a conviction against Bradley Robert Edwards for at least one of the murder charges  ...Although used for a number of years we do not yet have any reliable measure of the success rate of LTDNA analysis and this need to be corrected....".....APRIL 2008, B, Caddy, G,R. Taylor, A.T.M. Linacre.

Bradley Robert Edwards would have been the easiest person to frame for the murders Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, because of his involvement in previous rapes and attempted sexual assaults.... and the fact that they had his DNA on the 1995 Karrakatta Rape Victim ..... the question that has to be decided is whether Bradley Robert Edwards is:

(a) just a serial rapist 

or  

(b) a serial rapist and killer ...

The Director of Public Prosecutions have not gone anywhere near proving their case against Bradley Robert Edwards prior to any DNA evidence being presented to the court .. and in fact have fairly proven that it was unlikely that it was Bradley Robert Edwards that was the sole person responsible for the abduction Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon .... the motive that the prosecution say that Bradley Robert Edwards had to abduct these three girls was to relieve his sexual frustrations and desires ... yet the prosecution has not provided any evidence that either Jane Rimmer or Ciara Glennon were raped ... and brutally murdered ..... in strange ways which included the removal of the Hyoid Bone from the neck of Jane Rimmer ... also why were the bodies left in places they would easily be found and not drop in the sea, the river ro buried..... it was as though the bodies were left were they would easily be found so some could be eventually set up on false and/or unreliable DNA Evidence ...

A lot of known material evidence, information and witnesses have been deliberately withheld from being presented by the prosecution a the trial ..Why was that .... the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards can be easily compared to the Donald Trump Impeachment Trial .... in that those in control of what material evidence, information, and witnesses are presented at the trial do not want the full truth to be publicly known ..... 

“The facts will come out in all of their horror, they will come out,” Adam B. Schiff of California, the lead House manager said. “The witnesses the president is concealing will tell their stories,” he added. “And we will be asked why we didn’t want to hear that information when we had the chance. What answer shall we give if we do not pursue the truth now?”

"...Although used for a number of years we do not yet have any reliable measure of the success rate of LTDNA analysis and this need to be corrected....".....APRIL 2008, B, Caddy, G,R. Taylor, A.T.M. Linacre


Claremont Killer Trial Podcast: the most crucial piece of evidence the prosecution has to try and prove Bradley Edwards’ guilt
PerthNow -January 31, 2020


https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-killer-trial-podcast-the-most-crucial-piece-of-evidence-the-prosecution-has-to-try-and-prove-bradley-edwards-guilt-ng-b881449701z


CLAREMONT: The Trial
Literally Hanging on by a Fingernail - 00:00/ 34:57 
Forensic Science Service in London


Low Copy DNA LCN Technique
Low Copy Number Technique
The Low Copy DNA LCN Technique claims to be able to test a one millionth grain of salt.
The DNA of Ciara Glennon’s was so small to test in minute detail
AGM 40 and  where combined AGM42
AGM 42 came back as Ciara’s and an unknown male DNA
AGM 48
Laurie Webb was rung by Johnathan Whitaker the Head of Forensic Science Service in London
to to tell him that the DNA on the Karakatta Victim had a males’s DNA

Bradley Robert Edwards-A court sketch of Bradley Robert Edwards. Credit-Anne Barnetson

Jame Rimmer and Ciara Glennon 

Ciara Glennon’s parents, Una and Denis, at a hearing prior to the trial for the man accused of murdering their daughter.

Picture: Colin Murty. Source: News Corp Australia

Bradley Edwards-In 1990 Bradley Edwards attacked a woman at Perth’s Hollywood Hospital (above) and stuffed cloth into her mouth.

Picture-Google. Source-Supplied

Why was the Hyoid Bone that was removed from the neck of Jane Rimmer?

Ciara Glennon is the alleged third victim of the accused Claremont serial killer.

Photos of Jane Rimmer taken at around 11.50 pm 8th June  1996 talking to the Mystery Man and the Mystery Man who appears to be taking a photo of Jane Rimmer with a long lens camera

Ms Cutler vanished in June 1988 after leaving a staff party at the Parmelia Hilton. Her unoccupied car was found overturned 50m off Cottesloe beach two days later. Her body has never been found. She said there had been calls to police since the $250,000 reward was announced in June and the information had been helpful.

Julie Cutler disappearance: Police reveal purse found in 1996 may have belonged to missing woman
Gabrielle KnowlesPerthNow, November 27, 2018

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/crime/julie-cutler-disappearance-police-reveal-purse-found-in-1996-belonged-to-missing-woman-ng-b881033349z

​​Low copy number DNA: where next?
Article (PDF Available) in Medicine, science, and the law 50(2):55-6 · April 2010 with
Denise Syndercombe-Court, King's College London
Editorial: 
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/44900253_Low_copy_number_DNA_where_next
Low copy number DNA: where next?
Denise Syndercombe Court CBiol PhD
Senior Lecturer, Academic Haematology Unit, BICMS Pathology Group, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry,
London E1 2AT, UK

Email:
y.d.syndercombe-court@qmul.ac.uk
Med Sci Law 2010; 50: 55–56. DOI: 10.1258/msl.2010.010015
The analysis of DNA using a technique known as low copy number (LCN) was halted, temporarily, as a result of concerns raised  In  the  Crown  Court in  Northern  Ireland In  December  2008. The accused in the case was charged with 58 counts relating to murder, conspiracy to murder, causing explosions, conspiracy to cause explosions, and other serious and related offences between 1998 and 2001, including that relating to the murder of 29 people in Omagh in August 1998. Exhibits from some of the incidents were subsequently analysed using LCN and revealed DNA which the prosecution alleged linked the accused to explosive devices found at various scenes. Appropriately, questions were raised about the use of a highly sensitive technique in the analysis of items from an era when the risks of contamination were less well understood than they are today. In addition, the judge in the case made further specific criticisms of the LCN approach 1.
The LCN technique was developed in 1999 by the Forensic Science Service (FSS) as a method of enhancing the sensitivity of DNA analysis through an increased number of DNA amplification cycles and was generally employed in the analysis of exhibits when the scientist considered that the amount of DNA available for analysis might be very low. Judge Weir was particularly concerned about the wide variation in opinion on the reliability and reproducibility of the technique given by the scientists for prosecution and defence in the court.
In 2007 the Forensic Science Regulator had already been prompted by a previous review of the LCN process to conduct an investigation into the use of all methods of analysing low amounts of DNA, now referred to as ‘low template DNA’ (LTDNA). After 1999, the instrumentation and analytical chemicals used in DNA analysis had changed, and sensitivity had increased as a result, but the LCN technique was not reviewed in the light of these developments.
The resultant Caddy report,2 which did find that the various approaches to analysis of LTDNA were fit for purpose, recommended that the amount of DNA in the sample should be quantified in order to determine the best analytic approach. Application of LCN without knowledge of the amount of DNA recovered from an item can lead to problems and errors in interpretation, and this approach is now included in LCN analysis undertaken today.
The limited quantity of DNA available for analysis in LTDNA causes an increase in allele drop-out (expected DNA components not being detected) and/or allele drop-in (unexpected DNA components present as a result of low-level contamination). In addition, other stochastic effects, more common where the amount of DNA is limited, lead to random imbalances within and between allelic pairs in a profile, leading to difficulties in interpretation.
The technique was the subject of further scrutiny as a consequence of two cases held in the Court of Appeal.
Lord Justice Thomas, Mr Justice Kitchin and Mr Justice Holroyde gave their judgement in December 2009.3
The appeals were considered together because they both involved questions on the reliability and evidential value of LTDNA obtained using the LCN process at a time before the FSS quantified the amount of recovered DNA.

Subsequent quantification of the remaining DNA in one of the cases indicated that the material was not at such a low level as to warrant LTDNA approaches. Nevertheless the court took the opportunity to examine several aspects of LTDNA analysis. They concluded that the methodology was capable of reliable interpretation in cases where the quantity of DNA was above a particular ‘stochastic threshold’, and that a challenge to the validity of this methodology in these circumstances should no longer be allowed, in the absence of new scientific information. Although a precise stochastic threshold has not been defined, it is generally agreed that it is between 100 and 200 picograms (pg) of DNA. This is the amount of DNA contained within about 15 – 30 nucleated cells. There will be a small number of cases where the amount of DNA is more limited and expert evidence would be required as to whether the analysis could be considered reliable, since scientific advance is likely to mean that the limit of reliable analysis will be reduced – potentially to the level of a single cell.
While the admissibility of evidence involving LTDNA approaches has been clarified, Professor Caddy in his review 2 recommended that there should be a consensus standard on the interpretation of LTDNA profiles.
Although this has not been agreed, the review has stimulated a series of useful research papers from scientists
and statisticians working in this area.
The FSS LCN technique was adopted in New Zealand and scientists from both countries have developed and validated interpretation guidelines for examining material that is below a ‘stochastic threshold’ of 100 pg DNA where stochastic variation is more likely to be present.4
The approach used to address consequent difficulties in interpretation –analytical duplication and the reporting only of alleles
seen in both analyses (the ‘consensus profile’) – has been criticized by some scientists who suggest that a third analysis may yet reveal more alleles that could contradict the previous conclusion and might even be exclusionary. Through their research these authors have produced a useful set of data detailing the occurrence and extent of stochastic variables. This information can be used when evaluating difficult profiles, though the authors underline the importance of individual laboratories formulating and validating their own interpretative guidelines. Gill and Buckleton 5 are concerned that it is not useful to have separate interpretation guidelines for ‘conventional’ and LTDNA techniques, because stochastic effects exist on a continuum and cannot necessarily be differentiated clearly. Instead they propose the development of a framework that could be applied in all circumstances. This would also alleviate the confusion that exists as to the meaning of the term ‘LCN’. They argue that stochastic effects are seen to a greater or lesser extent in all profiles and not necessarily confined to material with a particularly
low amount of DNA, and they point out that, while sufficient DNA may apparently be present in a sample, this does not take into account that there might be a very limited amount of DNA from a single person within a mixture of two or more. The quantification of low levels of DNA is in any case problematic, and the authors suggest that interpretation protocols should consider only relative DNA as reflected by peak heights in the profile graph. They also recommend the use of a statistical, or probabilistic, model rather than a simple consensus allele approach.
While some analysts advocate the calculation of the proportion of men who would not be excluded from the evidence – the ‘Random Man Not Excluded’ (RMNE) approach – this approach has been heavily criticized because it does not use all of the available evidence and, in particular, because it can seriously misrepresent the evidence in an LTDNA situation, and can never favour a defendant.
The development of fully validated statistical models is still at an early stage, but Balding and Buckleton 6 Have made a promising start by making available a likelihood ratio-based approach that takes into account many of the difficulties in interpretation seen more commonly in LTDNA. Any statistical approach must be able to deal with all of the complex and variable effects seen in both single-source and mixed profiles from DNA that might be compromised in both quality and quantity. It is essential that any future solution should not be biased against the defendant. The efforts scientists and statisticians are

making to improve DNA analysis are encouraging

REFERENCES
1 R v Hoey, 2007. NICC 49 (2007). 20 December 2007


2 Caddy B, Taylor G, Linacre A. A review of the science of low template DNA analysis, 2008. See http://police.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/operational-policing/Review_of_Low_Template_DNA_12835.pdf?view=Binary


3 R v Reed and Reed; R v Garmson, 2009. EWCA 2698 (2009). 21 December 2009


4 Petricevic S, Whitaker J, Buckleton J, et al. Validation and development of interpretation guidelines for low copy number (LCN) DNA profiling in New Zealand using the AmpFlSTR SGM Plus Multiplex. Forensic Sci Int Genet (in press). doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2009.11.003. Available online ahead of print 21 December 2009

5 Gill P, Buckleton J. A universal strategy to interpret DNA profiles that does not require a definition of low-copy-number. Forensic Sci Int Genet (in press). doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2009.09.008. Available online ahead of print 12 October 2009

6 Balding DJ, Buckleton J. Interpreting low template DNA profiles. Forensic Sci Int Genet 2009;4:1–10

For a review of the science of low template DNA analysis See http://police.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/ operational-policing/Review_of_Low_Template_DNA_12835. pdf?view=Binary 3 R v Reed and Reed

Jan 2008 - 2698 - B Caddy, G Taylor, A Linacre 

Caddy B, Taylor G, Linacre A.

A review of the science of low template DNA analysis, 2008. See http://police.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/ operational-policing/Review_of_Low_Template_DNA_12835. pdf?view=Binary 3 R v Reed and Reed; R v Garmson, 2009. EWCA 2698 (2009). 21 December 2009

Dec 2007 - Hoey v Hoey, 2007. NICC 49 (2007). 20 December 2007

Validation and development of interpretation guidelines for low copy number (LCN) DNA profiling in New Zealand using the AmpFlSTR SGM Plus Multiplex Available online ahead of print 21

Dec 2009 - S Petricevic, J Whitaker, J Buckleton

Petricevic S, Whitaker J, Buckleton J, et al. Validation and development of interpretation guidelines for low copy number (LCN) DNA profiling in New Zealand using the AmpFlSTR SGM Plus Multiplex. Forensic Sci Int Genet (in press). doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2009.11.003. Available online ahead of print 21 December 2009

A Review of the Science of Low Template DNA Analysis
Brian Caddy,  Graham R Taylor and Adrian Linacre

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237780947_A_Review_of_the_Science_of_Low_Template_DNA_Analysis

A Review of the Science of Low Template DNA Analysis
Graham R Taylor
42.91- University of Melbourne


Executive Summary
From our detailed review we find that the science supporting the delivery of  Low Template DNA (LTDNA) analysis is sound and that the three companies (the Forensic Science Service Ltd, LGC Forensics and Orchid Cellmark Ltd) providing this service to the Criminal Justice System have validated their processes in accord with accepted scientific principles using both 28 and 34 PCR cycles for extracts containing less than 200 picograms (pg) of DNA. At these levels, stochastic and inhibition effects have an impact upon the DNA profiles produced and all those involved in this process have established guidelines for profile interpretation. Work on interpretation is continuing and it is for the Forensic Science Regulator to monitor this and to bring about some standardisation in interpretation amongst all providers. 1
Now that suitable commercial analytical systems are available for the quantification of low levels of DNA, it becomes important that all DNA samples submitted for analysis under the Criminal Justice System must, as a matter of best practice, be quantified before attempts are made to produce DNA profiles.
Training both laboratory personnel and those involved in the recovery of DNA samples from crime scenes requires to be standardised. It is for the Forensic Science Regulator through a dialogue with all providers and ACPO to establish what those standards should be, to implement them and to monitor their application.
The use of DNA-free consumables both in the laboratory and for those working at the crime scene is essential. Standards for these need to be set and quality control mechanisms put in place to monitor the status of these materials/chemicals
Although used for a number of years we do not yet have any reliable measure of the success rate of LTDNA analysis and this need to be corrected.

We have been made aware that there is concern by the forensic science providers of the role of Police Laboratories established by the larger police forces. This concern relates to the quality of work and their future role in the provision of forensic science services. Additionally they have expressed concern over the funding of forensic science. It is for the Forensic Science Regulator to enter into a dialogue with ACPO to allay these concerns and /or to develop mechanisms that can overcome any envisaged problems.
We have become aware that there is a desperate need for independent research funding in order to advance the discipline of forensic science. Such funding should be open to all on a competitive basis in the same way as the government-funded research councils, who are at present unable or unwilling to finance any developments in this arena.
Finally, we believe that it is important for the Forensic Science Regulator to monitor all documentation associated with accreditation and validation

APRIL 2008, B, Caddy, G,R. Taylor, A.T.M. Linacre

Who were the Claremont serial killer's victims?

Julie Cutler, Kerry Turner, Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon and Sarah Anne McMahon

Above:
Photos of Julie Cutler. Kerry Turner, Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer, Ciara Glennon, Sarah Anne McMahon, who after an over 20 investigations by the NTY Claremont Serial Abduction and Killing Legal and Investigation Team, are believed to be all connected in various ways and should all be considered are part of what the world knows as the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings 

Dr Clive Cook observed the post-mortem examinations on Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)

Title: We Saw Jane Rimmer Hitchhiking - Student
Author:Andrew Clennell
Date: 19 June 1996
Publisher: Community Times, News Chronical, Nedlands Edition.

University student Emma Clayton and her friends almost picked up a blonde girl she is sure was Jane Rimmer early on the Sunday Morning Jane Rimmer disapeared.
Miss Clayton (21 years old uni student) said she saw the girl staggering along Stirling Highway, thumb out, hitching a lift at 12.30 am. Emma Clayton told police about the incident and her description of the cloths Jane was wearing matched that of a police description which had not been released to the media. Ms Clayton said she and her friends had been in Stirling Highway after leaving a 21st birthday party at Claremont Yacht Club. "Down near Lock Street we saw a girl Hitchhiking," she said. The Girl had her thumb out and we just slowed down and thought maybe we should pick her up but didn't." The conversation between the two couples in the car had been that she was a silly girl for trying to hitch in the area and they discussed whether they should pick the girl up. The decided at the last minute to move on. "we said of all places for a girl to be hitchhiking alone, this was probably the worst," Miss Clayton said. She said initially, after she had heard of Jane Rimmer's disappearance, she felt guilty that that hadn't picked her up. "If we had picked her up things would have been a lot different, " Miss Clayton said. When she and her friends saw the girl there were no other cars on the Stirling Highway ...

Mark Philip Dixie

The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) (/ˈhaɪɔɪd/)   
https://www.google.ie/search?sxsrf=ACYBGNRR6YB_S4lYL7Tdi6AOUzfWC4Ghxw%3A1579643711403&source=hp&ei=P3MnXv2_Fsu91fAP7fG_0A0&q=hyoid+bone%2C+found+in+the+neck%2C+&oq=hyoid+bone%2C+found+in+the+neck%2C+&gs_l=psy-ab.12..33i22i29i30l3.2112.2112..7918...0.0..0.60.110.2......0....2j1..gws-wiz.....10..35i362i39.pPRF6febNC4&ved=0ahUKEwi926ay15XnAhXLXhUIHe34D9oQ4dUDCAo  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyoid_bone 
The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) (/ˈhaɪɔɪd/[2][3]) is a horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage. At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible in the front and the third cervical vertebra (C3) behind.
Unlike other bones, the hyoid is only distantly articulated to other bones by muscles or ligaments. The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind.
Its name is derived from Greek hyoeides, meaning 'shaped like the letter upsilon (υ)'.[4][5]
Hyoid bone
The hyoid bone, present at the front of the neck, has a body and two sets of horns
Details
Precursor 2nd and 3rd branchial arch[1]
Identifiers
Latin os hyoideum
MeSH D006928
TA A02.1.16.001
FMA 52749
Anatomical terms of boneThe lesser and greater horns of the hyoid
 The hyoid bone is classed as an irregular bone and consists of a central part called the body, and two pairs of horns, the greater and lesser horns.

Body
The body of the hyoid bone is the central part of the hyoid bone.
At the front, the body is convex and directed forward and upward.
It is crossed in its upper half by a well-marked transverse ridge with a slight downward convexity, and in many cases a vertical median ridge divides it into two lateral halves.
The portion of the vertical ridge above the transverse line is present in a majority of specimens, but the lower portion is evident only in rare cases.
The anterior surface gives insertion to the geniohyoid muscle in the greater part of its extent both above and below the transverse ridge; a portion of the origin of the hyoglossus notches the lateral margin of the geniohyoid attachment.
Below the transverse ridge the mylohyoid, sternohyoid, and omohyoid are inserted.
At the back, the smooth, concave, directed backward and downward, and separated from the epiglottis by the hyothyroid membrane and a quantity of loose areolar tissue; a bursa intervenes between it and the hyothyroid membrane.
Above, the body is rounded, and gives attachment to the hyothyroid membrane and some aponeurotic fibers of the genioglossus.
Below, the body affords insertion medially to the sternohyoid and laterally to the omohyoid and occasionally a portion of the thyrohyoid. It also gives attachment to the Levator glandulae thyreoideae, when this muscle is present.

Horns
The greater and lesser horns (Latin: cornua) are two sections of bone that project from each side of the hyoid.
The greater horns project backward from the outer borders of the body; they are flattened from above downward and taper to their end, which is a bony tubercle connecting to the lateral thyrohyoid ligament. The upper surface of the greater horns are rough and close to its lateral border, and facilitates muscular attachment. The largest of muscles that attach to the upper surface of the greater horns are the hyoglossus and the middle pharyngeal constrictor, which extend along the whole length of the horns; the digastric muscle and stylohyoid muscle have small insertions in front of these near the junction of the body with the horns. To the medial border the thyrohyoid membrane is attached, while the anterior half of the lateral border gives insertion to the thyrohyoid muscle.[citation needed]
The lesser horns are two small, conical eminences, attached by their bases to the angles of junction between the body and greater horns of the hyoid bone. They are connected to the body of the bone by fibrous tissue, and occasionally to the greater horns by distinct diarthrodial joints, which usually persist throughout life, but occasionally become ankylosed. The lesser horns are situated in the line of the transverse ridge on the body and appear to be continuations of it. The apex of each horn gives attachment to the stylohyoid ligament; the chondroglossus rises from the medial side of the base.[citation needed]

Development

The second pharyngeal arch, also called the hyoid arch, gives rise to the lesser cornu of the hyoid and the upper part of the body of the hyoid. The cartilage of the third pharyngeal arch forms the greater cornu of the hyoid and the lower portion of the body of the hyoid.
The greater horns derive from the third pharyngeal arch.[citation needed] The lesser horns are derived from the second pharyngeal arch also called the hyoid arch.[citation needed]
The hyoid is ossified from six centers: two for the body, and one for each cornu. Ossification commences in the greater cornua toward the end of fetal development, in the hyoid body shortly afterward, and in the lesser cornua during the first or second year after birth. Until middle age the connection between the body and greater cornu is fibrous.
In early life the outer borders of the body are connected to the greater horns by synchondroses; after middle life usually by bony union.

Blood supplyBlood is supplied to the hyoid bone via the lingual artery, which runs down from the tongue to the greater horns of the bone. The suprahyoid branch of the lingual artery runs along the upper border of the hyoid bone and supplies blood to the attached muscles.  

Function of the Hyoid Bone
The hyoid bone is present in many mammals. It allows a wider range of tongue, pharyngeal and laryngeal movements by bracing these structures alongside each other in order to produce variation.[6] Its descent in living creatures is not unique to Homo sapiens,[7] and does not allow the production of a wide range of sounds: with a lower larynx, men do not produce a wider range of sounds than women and 2-year-old babies. Moreover, the larynx position of Neanderthals was not a handicap to producing speech sounds.[8] The discovery of a modern-looking hyoid bone of a Neanderthal man in the Kebara Cave in Israel led its discoverers to argue that the Neanderthals had a descended larynx, and thus human-like speech capabilities.[9] However, other researchers have claimed that the morphology of the hyoid is not indicative of the larynx's position.[10] It is necessary to take into consideration the skull base, the mandible and the cervical vertebrae and a cranial reference plane.[11][12]
Muscle attachments
A large number of muscles attach to the hyoid:[13]
Superior
Middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle
Hyoglossus muscle
Genioglossus
Intrinsic muscles of the tongue
Suprahyoid muscles
Digastric muscle
Stylohyoid muscle
Geniohyoid muscle
Mylohyoid muscle

Inferior
Thyrohyoid muscle
Omohyoid muscle
Sternohyoid muscle
Muscles of the pharynx and cheek.
Muscles of the neck. Lateral view.


Clinical significance
The hyoid bone is important to a number of physiological functions, including breathing, swallowing and speech. It is also thought to play a key role in keeping the upper airway open during sleep,[14][15] and as such, the development and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; characterized by repetitive collapse of the upper airway during sleep). A mechanistic involvement of the hyoid bone in OSA is supported by numerous studies demonstrating that a more inferiorly positioned hyoid bone is strongly associated with the presence and severity of the disorder.[16][17] Movement of the hyoid bone is also thought to be important in modifying upper airway properties, which was recently demonstrated in computer model simulations.[18] A surgical procedure that aims to potentially increase and improve the airway is called hyoid suspension.
Due to its position, the hyoid bone is not easily susceptible to fracture. In a suspected case of murder or physical abuse, a fractured hyoid strongly indicates throttling or strangulation in an adult. However, this is not necessarily the case in children and adolescents, where the hyoid bone is still flexible as ossification is yet to be completed.
Other animalsThe hyoid bone is derived from the lower half of the second gill arch in fish, which separates the first gill slit from the spiracle, and is often called the hyoid arch. In many animals, it also incorporates elements of other gill arches, and has a correspondingly greater number of cornua. Amphibians and reptiles may have many cornua, while mammals (including humans) have two pairs, and birds only one. In birds, and some reptiles, the body of the hyoid is greatly extended forward, creating a solid bony support for the tongue.[19] The howler monkey Alouatta has a pneumatized hyoid bone, one of the few cases of postcranial pneumatization of bones outside Saurischia.  
In veterinary anatomy, the term hyoid apparatus is the collective term used to refer to the bones of the tongue — a pair of stylohyoidea, a pair of thyrohyoidea, and unpaired basihyoideum[20] — and associated, upper-gular connective tissues.[21] In humans, the single hyoid bone is an equivalent of the hyoid apparatus.[22] 
 
The hyoid bone sits above the thyroid cartilage
Additional images
Position of hyoid bone (shown in red).
Shape of hyoid bone.
What is  the hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) (/ˈhaɪɔɪd/) ?
The hyoid bone (lingual bone or tongue-bone) (/ˈhaɪɔɪd/) is a horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage. At rest, it lies at the level of the base of the mandible in the front and the third cervical vertebra (C3) behind. 
Where is the hyoid bone located?  
HYOID & VERTEBRAE
The hyoid bone is located in the neck and can be palpated immediately above the thyroid cartilage. It is suspended from the tips of the styloid processes of the temporal bones by the stylohyoid ligaments.  
What is attached to the hyoid bone?
There are three main ligaments that attach to the hyoid bone – stylohyoid, thyrohyoid and hyoepiglottic. They act to support the position of the hyoid in the neck. Stylohyoid ligament – extends from the styloid process of the temporal bone to the lesser horn of the hyoid bone.
What happens if the hyoid bone breaks?  
The main symptoms of a hyoid bone fracture include pain when the affected person rotates their neck, trouble swallowing (dysphagia), and painful swallowing (odynophagia). ... If the hyoid bone is fractured, there is a high likelihood that the larynx, pharynx, mandible, and/or cervical spine may be injured as well.  
Can you talk without a hyoid bone?  
It's the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone. ...

The hyoid bone, which is the only bone in the body not connected to any other, is the foundation of speech and is found only in humans and Neanderthals 
 
What is unusual about the hyoid bone?
Hyoid bone. 
Hyoid bone, U-shaped bone situated at the root of the tongue in the front of the neck and between the lower jaw and the largest cartilage of the larynx, or voice box. The primary function of the hyoid bone is to serve as an anchoring structure for the tongue. It has no articulation with other bones.
What suspends the hyoid bone?
The hyoid bone (Fig. 1-7) suspends and anchors the larynx during respiratory and phonatory movement. ... The hyoid does not articulate with any other bone. It is attached to the styloid processes of the temporal bones by the stylohyoid ligament and to the thyroid cartilage by the thyrohyoid membrane and muscle.  
What is the hyoid bone used for?  
The hyoid is anchored by muscles from the anterior, posterior and inferior directions, and aids in tongue movement and swallowing. The hyoid bone provides attachment to the muscles of the floor of the mouth and the tongue above, the larynx below, and the epiglottis and pharynx behind. 
Can the hyoid bone be removed?
Removal of a thyroglossal duct cyst or sinus tract, also known as the “Sistrunk procedure” after Dr. Sistrunk, involves a neck incision with dissection up to a small bone in the upper neck called the hyoid bone.

Mark Philip Dixie being interviewed by the police Credit: Met Police

Mark Philip Dixie has been a suspect in the Claremont Serial Killings.

In is understood by an investigation team looking into the Claremont Serial Killings., the Mark Philip Dixie is an asset of MI6/MI5, who was allowed to run free for a long time if he committed criminal offences for  MI6/MI5,.

It s understood by investigators that MI6/MI5/CIA and the Chinese Triads, who are MI6/MII5/CIA's  illegal Drug distribution partners, had an involvement in the Claremont Serial Killings. The full story will be exposed in a new film being made and released called "The Darker Side of Perth (The Untold story behind the Claremont Serial Killings).

Mark Philip Dixie is a British serial rapist and murderer who was convicted on 22 February 2008 of murdering 18-year-old singer and model Sally Anne Bowman on 25 September 2005 in South Croydon, London. He has 17 other criminal convictions. He was known by various pseudonyms. Wikipedia

Claremont Killer Trial Podcast:

The most crucial piece of evidence the prosecution has to try and prove Bradley Edwards’ guilt
PerthNow
January 31, 2020

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-killer-trial-podcast-the-most-crucial-piece-of-evidence-the-prosecution-has-to-try-and-prove-bradley-edwards-guilt-ng-b881449701z

CLAREMONT: The Trial
Podcast Literally Hanging on by a Fingernail - 00:00/ 34:57 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-killer-trial-podcast-the-most-crucial-piece-of-evidence-the-prosecution-has-to-try-and-prove-bradley-edwards-guilt-ng-b881449701z


It’s seen as probably the most crucial piece of evidence the prosecution have to try and prove Bradley Edwards as being the Claremont Serial Killer - Ciara Glennon’s fingernail clippings.
Anna-Marie Ashley, the forensic scientist who extracted the DNA from those fingernails spent her second day on the stand, detailing how the DNA was extracted, and whose DNA they found.
Just as crucially, she was also asked about how the evidence was stored, and as Tim Clarke and Alison Fan explain, these are the type of details the defence will try and draw out, to try and show if there was any moment during this mammoth investigation the samples from the Karrakatta rape victim and Ciara Glennon’s fingernails could have been cross contaminated.

When one of Ciara’s fingernail clippings taken from the middle finger on her left hand - which were labelled AJM42 - were tested, initially they only showed her DNA.
It wasn’t until the fingernail clippings, along with the Karrakatta rape victim’s samples were sent to the UK for further testing that a male DNA profile was found.
That was later found to be the DNA of Bradley Edwards, after police retested other exhibits from then-unrelated cases which brought up his fingerprints, then tailed him and tested a sprite bottle he left behind after a trip to the movies in 2016.

Join Tim Clarke, Alison Fan and Natalie Bonjolo as they discuss week eight of Western Australia’s trial of the century.
For more on the Claremont serial killings trial, head to thewest.com.au, and if you have any questions about the trial for the podcast team or any of their guests, send in your questions to claremontpodcast@wanew.com.au

CIA Insider Claims that the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon was ordered because of what she knew about a powerful Perth Businessman and a senior police officer being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings and the DNA of Bradley Robert Edwards was planted Ciara Glennon's DNA to protect a powerful Perth Businessman and senior police officer from being investigated and/or charged with being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings

State prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo SC with  Jonathan Whitaker, named by CIA Insider as a CIA Asset, was a forensic scientist in the UK involved in the alleged breakthrough discovery of Bradley Edwards's DNA profile underneath Ciara Glennon's fingernails. ...David John Caporn-CIA-MI6_Asset_Former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner-who was previously in charge of the Macro Task Force and had to resign from the WA Police for presenting false and misleading evidence to wrongly get Andrew Mallard convicted for a murder he did not commit, ... Sacked PathWest technician Laurie Webb, named as a CIA Asset, ..... and ......  v CIA/MI6 Asset and  .... however, a CIA Insider has claimed to the NYT CSK Investigation Team that the DNA of Bradley Edwards was added to Ciara Glennon's DNA sample before it was given to Forensic Science Service in London​ by Sacked PathWest technician Laurie Webb, named as a CIA Asset and Detective Sergeant James Stanbury, CIA/MI6 Asset, who has been accused of being derelict in his duties by ignoring scraping noises from the cell of a prisoner being questioned over another murder, despite the fact the man was a suicide risk .....

​Attorney General John Quigley told Mornings with Gareth Parker on Radio 6PR on Friday the sacking and breaches against Mr Webb were "unprecedented in Western Australia's criminal justice history".

Rhianna Barreau UNSOLVED. What Happened To Rhianna Barreau - Australian Missing Persons
Samantha M
Rhianna Barreau was like any typical 12 year old Aussie in the 1990's, and along with that, meant she partook in what many nineties girls and boys were doing- writing to their overseas pen pal. It was the October school holidays when Rhianna headed out to choose a Christmas card for her American pen pal. Her brother was at camp, her mother was at work. This would be the last that would ever be seen of Rhianna Barreau. #AustralianMissingPersons

Donald Morey, aka Matusevich

If Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, was arrested for being involved with the abduction and/or the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon and/or another girl that has been abducted and murdered in Perth, Western Australia during the 1980's onwards up till the time  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich started his 13 year jail sentence for attempted murder of a street prostitute , then based on the way the Director of Prosecutions for Western Australia have been allowed to present information and evidence at the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards, the Director of Prosecutions for Western Australia  would have Field Day presenting a public expose of the criminl career of  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich at his trial....

Claremont serial killer trial told fibre evidence taken from Ciara Glennon's body went missing
By Charlotte Hamlyn
222nd January, 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-22/claremont-serial-killings-trial-day-29-police-fibre-evidence/11885880
22nd January 2020
Who were the Claremont victims?
Sarah Spiersm Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon
Sarah Spiers. Jane Rimmer. Ciara Glennon. Three women whose names were etched into Perth's consciousness more than 20 years ago.

PHOTO: Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's far north in 1995. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Sergeant Adam McCulloch was involved in the DNA examination of Ciara Glennon. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)
PHOTO: The crime scene on Pipidinny Road in Eglinton where Ciara Glennon's body was found in 1997. (ABC News)


RELATED STORY: Jane Rimmer's body was found with neck bone missing, Claremont serial killings trial told
RELATED STORY: The moment crucial Claremont trial DNA evidence was taken from Ciara Glennon's body
RELATED STORY: Detective hoped for a second grim discovery at Jane Rimmer crime scene

The Claremont serial killings trial has heard how a piece of forensic evidence collected from Ciara Glennon's body was discovered missing the day after it was collected.

Key points:
A fibre taken from Ciara Glennon's body was lost after being collected as evidence
A police officer has admitted touching Ms Glennon's hand while trying to clip her nails
It comes as Bradley Robert Edwards' defence attempts to establish examples of evidence cross-contamination


Sergeant Adam McCulloch was responsible for packaging, labelling and storing some exhibits taken from bushland north of Perth where Ms Glennon's body was found on April 3, 1997, and at her post-mortem examination the following day.
Ms Glennon, 27, was the third woman to disappear from Claremont between 1996 and 1997 after Jane Rimmer, 23, and Sarah Spiers, 18, whose body has never been located.
Bradley Edwards is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering the three women, with forensic material — including the fingernail clippings from Ms Glennon allegedly containing his DNA — now central to the prosecution case.

'Minute' evidence found on body
Sergeant McCulloch, now a fingerprint expert within WA Police, today gave evidence at the trial and was asked to detail the steps he took at Ms Glennon's post-mortem examination.

PHOTO: Sergeant Adam McCulloch was involved in the DNA examination of Ciara Glennon. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)
PHOTO: The crime scene on Pipidinny Road in Eglinton where Ciara Glennon's body was found in 1997. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards is on trial accused of being the Claremont serial killer. (ABC News)

During the post-mortem, Sergeant McCulloch also assisted in an examination of Ms Glennon's body using a polilight, which can detect things like hair, fibres and semen.
It resulted in a series of exhibits being seized and later stored in a 'drying room' at police headquarters.
Sergeant McCulloch testified that the following day, when he went to collect the samples, he noticed that a yellow top container, said to contain a white fibre, was empty.
Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo asked him about the nature of that fibre sample.
"They're very small, minute, hard to see with your eye, that's why we used the polilight," Sergeant McCulloch said.
Officer 'touched' Ciara Glennon's hand while clipping her nails
Sergeant McCulloch also admitted he had made contact with the body to assist a mortuary technician who was trying to cut her fingernails.
"I got very close to the point where I actually touched and handled the left hand of Ciara Glennon," he said.

PHOTO: The crime scene on Pipidinny Road in Eglinton where Ciara Glennon's body was found in 1997. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards is on trial accused of being the Claremont serial killer. (ABC News)


The Claremont serial killings trial has heard how a piece of forensic evidence collected from Ciara Glennon's body was discovered missing the day after it was collected.

Key points:

· A fibre taken from Ciara Glennon's body was lost after being collected as evidence
· A police officer has admitted touching Ms Glennon's hand while trying to clip her nails
· It comes as Bradley Robert Edwards' defence attempts to establish examples of evidence cross-contamination

Sergeant Adam McCulloch was responsible for packaging, labelling and storing some exhibits taken from bushland north of Perth where Ms Glennon's body was found on April 3, 1997, and at her post-mortem examination the following day.

Ms Glennon, 27, was the third woman to disappear from Claremont between 1996 and 1997 after Jane Rimmer, 23, and Sarah Spiers, 18, whose body has never been located.
Bradley Edwards is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering the three women, with forensic material — including the fingernail clippings from Ms Glennon allegedly containing his DNA — now central to the prosecution case.

'Minute' evidence found on body

Sergeant McCulloch, now a fingerprint expert within WA Police, today gave evidence at the trial and was asked to detail the steps he took at Ms Glennon's post-mortem examination.
During the post-mortem, Sergeant McCulloch also assisted in an examination of Ms Glennon's body using a polilight, which can detect things like hair, fibres and semen.
It resulted in a series of exhibits being seized and later stored in a 'drying room' at police headquarters.
Sergeant McCulloch testified that the following day, when he went to collect the samples, he noticed that a yellow top container, said to contain a white fibre, was empty.
Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo asked him about the nature of that fibre sample.
"They're very small, minute, hard to see with your eye, that's why we used the polilight," Sergeant McCulloch said.


Officer 'touched' Ciara Glennon's hand while clipping her nails
Sergeant McCulloch also admitted he had made contact with the body to assist a mortuary technician who was trying to cut her fingernails.
"I got very close to the point where I actually touched and handled the left hand of Ciara Glennon," he said.
He told the court he had caught the nail clippings in yellow top containers, before sealing and labelling them.
The prosecution alleges a DNA profile found under Ms Glennon's left middle fingernail and left thumbnail matches Bradley Edwards, claiming it got there when Ms Glennon scratched at her attacker as she fought her life.
It says the same DNA was also found on the 17-year-old victim of the rape at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995, which Edwards has admitted to.

But Edwards' defence lawyer Paul Yovich argues evidence crucial to the state's case was contaminated while it was in the state's pathology lab and has been attempting to identify flaws in police procedures that may have led to cross-contamination.

Sergeant McCulloch said on the day of Ms Glennon's autopsy he had been dressed in plain clothes but was wearing protective gear provided by the mortuary.
"We were provided with a white overall gown, blue overshoe booties to put over your shoes and a pair of heavy-duty gloves."
When asked what he knew about DNA technology back in the 1990s, Sergeant McCulloch said his knowledge "very limited" but that had been guided by 'Locard's exchange principle' — which states when two objects come into contact, a transfer of material occurs.
"Whenever we went to a crime scene, the last thing we wanted to do was leave something behind," he said.

Inaccuracies in police officer's statement
Sergeant McCulloch was also involved in the collection of evidence at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995.
The defence highlighted a series of inaccuracies in witness statements made by Sergeant McCulloch between 1997 and 2019 in relation to both the Karrakatta and Ms Glennon's case.

In one statement from 2015, he had stated that paper bags containing evidence from the Karrakatta scene, including the victim's shorts, had been sealed with evidence tape.
But he admitted to the court that was not the case, conceding the bags had simply been folded over.
Sergeant McCulloch said he had wrongly assumed that the use of evidence tape was common practice in 1995.
"It was brought to my attention from cold case investigation officers and it had been an oversight on my behalf."
He said he then took steps to identify the mistake and corrected it in a later statement.
Mr Yovich acknowledged the sergeant had not intended to be misleading.
"I'm not suggesting you put this in your statement knowingly," Mr Yovich said.
"Quite the contrary, it was an innocent mistake."


Mr Edwards denies the murder charges against him.
His trial is now in its seventh week.

Jane Rimmer (left) and Ciara Glennon (right). Credit: AAP

Claremont serial killings trial: Court hears only Ciara Glennon’s DNA initially found
A Lesson in DNA- The Podcast
PerthNow-  January 31, 2020

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-court-hears-only-ciara-glennons-dna-initially-found-ng-b881449656z

Scientists in the Claremont serial killings case initially only identified a victim’s DNA on a critical exhibit, WA’s so-called trial of the century has heard.

Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, has pleaded guilty to abducting a 17-year-old girl and twice raping her at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995, as well as another attack on a sleeping 18-year-old woman at her Huntingdale home in 1988.
But he denies murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, in 1996, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1997.

Prosectors say there is fibre evidence against Edwards, and his DNA was allegedly found under Ms Glennon’s left thumbnail and left middle fingernail, as well as on swabs taken from the rape victim.
But his defence team claims contamination is an issue.

Scientist Anna-Marie Ashley, from forensic laboratory Pathwest, continued her testimony in the WA Supreme Court trial for a second day on Friday, describing in detail how she performed DNA extractions on Ms Glennon’s fingernails.
Ms Ashley said the usual practice was to securely store fingernail exhibits at room temperature.
The clippings went to the DNA lab and some were tested, including AJM42, which is Ms Glennon’s left middle fingernail.

Only Ms Glennon’s DNA was detected on the sample at that time, the court heard.
Ms Glennon’s left thumbnail, item AJM40, was not tested at the time.
The two exhibits are central to the case because when they were tested together years later they allegedly showed Edwards’ DNA.

Ms Ashley also testified on Thursday about how she tested exhibits in the rape case.
Ms Ashley will resume giving evidence on Monday.

Ciara Glennon

Police nearby went Ciara went missing

Interesting old newspaper clipping - by Spinnaker with awesome research skills.
Post Newspaper, March 22-23, 1997:
"Ciara Glennon vanished in between tight patrols of two police cars early Saturday morning"

"When Ciara supposedly went missing, we had two cars in the block for the half hour when she was last seen," said Claremont station's acting sergeant Mike Starkey.
Sergeant Starkey was speaking at a meeting of Claremont's safety and security committee omn Thursday.
Claremont's mayor Peter Weygers suggested to the meeting that s shopfront police presence be estbalished in central Claremont until the crimes were solved.
Peter Weygers suggested that a vacant shop be used as a temporary police station.
Sergeant Starkey said that a mobile force was far more effective.
A stagnant presence was easily observed by an offender.
 Sergeant Starkey said there was no substitute for police patrols.
"We're there to catch this man. On a local level, we are doing everything possible."     Sergeant Starkey said.
There were unconfirmed reports on Friday that police were looking for a man and a woman or two men with one of them dressed
as a woman.

Was the DNA of Bradley Robert Edwards deliberately planted or accidentally contaminated with the DNA of Ciara Glennon by orensic Science Service in London and/or Axed PathWest scientist Laurie Webb who instructed the mortuary technician who clipped Ciara Glennon's fingernails during her post-mortem ?​ https://www.principalforensicservices.com/jonathan-whitaker-dna/  http://forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com  Dr Jonathan Whitaker is a dedicated, highly experienced, leading DNA profiling expert- 16 Upper Woburn Place, London, WC1H 0BS​, Dr Johnathan Whitaker Head of Forensic Science Service in London​ Email: enquiries@forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com, Mark Mastaglio : +44 7919 217 848 - Angela Shaw : +44 7919 392 397

​Sacked PathWest technician Laurie Webb present during Ciara Glennon’s post mortem

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-sacked-pathwest-technician-laurie-webb-present-during-ciara-glennons-post-mortem-ng-b881436443z Shannon HamptonThe West Australian Friday, 17 January 2020 

Violent attacker is suspect in murders
LUKE ELIOTThe West Australian,Monday, 7 November 2011 

https://thewest.com.au/news/wa/violent-attacker-is-suspect-in-murders-ng-ya-141907
A street prostitute who narrowly survived a brutal bashing at the hands of a sexual deviant who is suspected of being involved in two unsolved suspected murders says she is still haunted by the chilling attack and believes her assailant may have killed other women.
In her first media interview since the December 2003 attack, the woman, who did not want her name published, described crawling through a swamp and scaling a 2.4m high concrete wall in a bid to escape.
"I know there are other girls who aren't as lucky as I was," the woman said.
In September 2005, career criminal Donald Victor Morey was convicted after trial of attempted murder.
In handing down a 13-year jail term, Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Miller accepted the prosecutor's submission that there was no sexual motive to Morey's crime as he was impotent at the time.
"This woman was a random target and . . . it was predatory conduct on your part," Justice Miller said. "It was a premeditated offence, that you planned to take her to a remote area and it was not the case that you voluntarily desisted from what you were doing."
Morey's appeals were dismissed and he remains behind bars.
He is a suspect in the murder of Darylyn Meridith Ugle, a prostitute who was last seen alive while soliciting for sex in March 2003, and to the disappearance of Sarah McMahon, a 20-year-old Parkerville woman who has not been seen leaving her Claremont workplace exactly 11 years ago today. Her vehicle was found at Swan District Hospital. Morey denies involvement in both cases but admits he knew Ms McMahon.

Ms Ugle's body was found in April 2003 near Mundaring Weir - a short distance from Morey's Chidlow home and from the Helena Valley street where he took his December 2003 victim. The two prostitutes knew each other.
"We don't think it is going to happen to us but I didn't put two and two together," the prostitute who escaped said.
"I'm not a dumb girl. I have good instincts and he was good enough to make me go against my instincts."
She said she felt uneasy getting into Morey's car that night in December 2003 but accepted $900 to have sex with him.
"I think he might have panicked because I realised he was going around in circles," she said.
"He calmly pulled his car over to the side of the road and he already had rope wrapped around his hand when he turned his car off."
Morey tried to place the rope over the woman's neck but she put her back against the passenger door and repeatedly kicked him.
"I fell out backwards and hit the kerb with my back," she said.
"He dived out over the top of me and I got him in the face with my feet. I think that dazed him a little bit. I crawled to the back of the car and he followed me.
"He was punching into me for about 15 minutes and I was screaming. I climbed on to the back of his car . . . to try not to let him get me back into the car again."
The woman managed to climb a high wall and stumble through a swampy area.
"I was screaming," she said. Morey eventually got back in his car and drove off.
The woman said the attack changed her life.
"I couldn't walk out in the street at night," she said.
"If I see someone who looks like him I jump a little, even though I know he is in jail."

 ‘Injuries Too Similar to Ignore’- Claremont serial killings trial podcast- Kate RyanPerthNow
January 29, 2020 12:42PM - Kate Ryan

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-injuries-too-similar-to-ignore-ng-b881447490z

 Man was 'too interested' in missing girl: sister
WAToday.com
NATIONAL- WA

https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/man-was-too-interested-in-missing-girl-sister-20121210-2b5rg.html
December 11, 2012


Amanda Smith outside WA's Coroner's Court.
Sarah McMahon was 20 when she was last seen in November, 2000.

The sister of a Perth girl who vanished more than ten years ago after developing a friendship with an older man who has since been convicted of attempting to murder a prostitute has told the inquest into her sister's suspected death she always found the man "creepy".

Sarah Anne McMahon was 20 years old when she disappeared on October 8, 2000.

The last phone call Ms McMahon answered was from Donald Morey, then 45, who has since been convicted of attempting to murder a prostitute in 2003.

Counsel assisting the coroner at the inquest into the suspected death of Ms McMahon told the court Morey's attempt to strangle the woman to death came days after a fellow sex worker from the same Highgate strip had gone missing.

Ms McMahon's sister Amanda Smith giving evidence to the Coroner's Court on Monday said Morey met her sister at her house a couple of years before her disappearance.

When Ms Smith returned from living in regional Western Australia after a period of months she discovered "Don" and her sister were speaking on the phone "all the time", something that worried her, she said.
"He was very interested in her – too interested," Ms Smith said.
"He was always trying to charm her."
Ms Smith said she found Morey "creepy".

Morey has never been ruled out as a suspect in the suspected death of Ms McMahon, Detective Darryl Cox told the Coroner's Court.

A special police unit that manages WA's cold cases reopened the case of Ms McMahon's disappearance last year and reinterviewed several witnesses.
One witness – a prostitute whose name has been protected – changed her original statement to make shocking claims that she saw the naked body of a woman she believed to be Ms McMahon in Morey's bedroom with a robe looped around her neck, counsel assisting the coroner Philip Urquhart told the inquest in his opening submissions.
The inquest is expected to hear the woman claimed she helped clean up the house after something wrapped in a quilt was removed from the bedroom.

The woman told police she wanted to "tell the whole truth" about what happened to Ms McMahon last year because she believed she was suffering from a terminal illness, Mr Urquhart told the inquest.

 Deborah Michelle ANDERSON.

Sarah Spiers is the alleged second victim of the accused Claremont serial killer.

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Claremont serial killer trial set to resume amid unprecedented public interest
NATIONAL -WA - CLAREMONT KILLER TRIAL

https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/claremont-serial-killer-trial-set-to-resume-amid-unprecedented-public-interest-20200106-p53p5j.html
January 6, 2020 


Bradley Robert Edwards is facing trial over the Claremont serial killings. 

After garnering unprecedented public interest in Western Australia, the Claremont serial killer trial is set to resume in Perth following a two-week recess.
Ex-Telstra technician and confessed rapist Bradley Edwards, 51, has pleaded not guilty to murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997.
The bodies of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon were found in bushland at opposite ends of Perth, but Ms Spiers' body has never been located.
The Western Australia Supreme Court trial has so far heard from more than 100 civilian witnesses.
The next phase of the case will focus on the testimony of police and forensic officers, before moving on to the post-mortem examinations.
Only a few more civilians are expected to testify, including funeral directors.
Edwards previously pleaded guilty to five unrelated charges stemming from an attack on an 18-year-old woman in her bed in Huntingdale in 1988, and the abduction and double rape of a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta cemetery in 1995.
Both victims, now aged in their 40s, gave harrowing evidence at the trial.
Other witnesses so far have included the woman Edwards was convicted of attacking at Hollywood Hospital in 1990, his first and second wives, his love rival, Telstra workers and former friends.
AAP 

In 1991, 18 year old Perth local Kerry Turner went out for a night of clubbing with her friend Kylie. However, she lost Kylie in the Saturday night crowds, and had to make her way home alone, without any money to get her there. Kerry was last seen getting into a mystery car outside of Cafe Affair in Victoria Park. This would be the last time Kerry Turner would be seen alive. To this day, her case remains a mystery. Kerry Turner's body was found under a log near the Canning Dam ..... 

 Australia Claremont Serial Killer, 1996 - 1997, Perth, Western Australia - #6
Discussion in 'Serial Killers' started by sillybilly, Oct 11, 2016

https://www.websleuths.com/forums/threads/australia-claremont-serial-killer-1996-1997-perth-western-australia-6.318778/page-9

crabstick said: ↑
Kerry turned was found 40km away and the CSK girls were found 40km away
A dark blue Datsum 260Z? Im not discounting Donald Morey. He strangled a prostitute. Donald Morey about the right age with all the skill sets to carry out this crime.
This whole crime fits his capacity.

crabstickFormer Member
If the police have someone in prison, they have them in prison. They may just sit and wait until the person is leaving prison with the exponential evidence that comes forward while they are in prison.
I guess the question is, where is Sarah McMahon??? Is she buried out east somewhere?
Man was 'too interested' in missing girl: sister
WAToday.com

crabstick, Oct 20, 2016
crabstickFormer Member

Middle Swan, Middle Swan Both McMahon, and Anderson are quite tall girls in their day. Hospitality again. Cutler was in hospitality.
The 25th of January 2000, is a date that will never be forgotten by the family of Deborah Michelle ANDERSON.
Discovered in a burnt out motor vehicle parked outside Marant’s Deli Lunch Bar at the Middle Swan Shopping Centre, Deborah’s incinerated body was discovered after several triple 0 calls were made to FESA about the grim finding.
Engulfed in flames, the small white 1990 Ford Laser hatchback with Deborah’s body inside triggered a full scale homicide investigation involving Midland Detectives, the Major Crime Squad, Arson Squad and the Forensic Division.

Born in Perth on the 20th of August 1975, Deborah moved to the United Kingdom in 1990 to be with her mother, returning nine years later in August 1999 to re-unite with her father and commence a cooking course at the Australian School of Tourism and Hotel Management.
https://www.crimestopperswa.com.au/open-cases/deborah-anderson/

Jane Rimmer

The last known public sighting of ​Jane Rimmer a 23 year old,  was by four university students at around 12.30 am Sunday 9 June 1996 walking down Stirling Highway, Claremont towards the direction of the City of Perth, near the corner of Loch Street, trying to hitch a lift ....
Fifty-five days later, on Saturday, 3 August 1996, ​Jane Rimmer's naked body was found 40 km south in bush-land near Woolcoot Road, Wellard by a family picking wildflowers. 

Claremont serial killings trial podcast: ‘A Lesson in DNA’
Kate RyanThe West Australian
Thursday, 30 January 2020 


https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-a-lesson-in-dna-ng-b881448599z

The DNA evidence that ‘links’ accused killer to crimes
Scientist behind key Claremont evidence takes the stand
RECAP - Day 35: DNA links Karrakatta to Claremont victim: Prosecution


The forensic scientist who tested the evidence which is crucial to the prosecution’s case today took the stand.
Anna-Marie Ashley from Pathwest, detailed in painfully intricate detail of how she extracted the DNA from the Karrakatta rape victim’s intimate swabs, which revealed DNA which we now know is Bradley Edwards’ - for the first time.
She also tested Ciara Glennon’s fingernail samples - the crucial piece of evidence the prosecution say links the Karrakatta rape, which Bradley Edwards has pleaded guilty to, with the murder of Ciara Glennon.

It was an extremely scientific and detail driven day in court, luckily, forensic DNA expert Brendan Chapman joined Natalie and Tim in the studio to help us try to understand the process of DNA extraction.
Brendan’s informative introduction into DNA is a must-listen for those of us following the trial, because we’ve been warned - it’s only going to get more complicated.
Especially when the defence take their turn cross examining the evidence.

If you have a question for the podcast, email us at 

claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au


For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to TheWest.com.au
Claremont serial killings trial: Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon fought for their lives
Emily MoultonThe West Australian
Thursday, 30 January 2020


Claremont serial killings trial: Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon fought for their lives
Emily Moulton

The West Australian
Thursday, 30 January 2020

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-jane-rimmer-and-ciara-glennon-fought-for-their-lives-ng-b881447608z

Claremont serial killings trial: DNA evidence the prosecution say ‘links’ Bradley Robert Edwards to crimes
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-dna-evidence-the-prosecution-say-links-bradley-robert-edwards-to-crimes-ng-b881446403z
Tim ClarkeThe West Australian
Wednesday, 29 January 2020 


Claremont serial killings trial: Scientist behind key DNA evidence takes the stand
Tim Clarke - 
The West Australian
Wednesday, 29 January 2020
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-dna-evidence-the-prosecution-say-links-bradley-robert-edwards-to-crimes-ng-b881446403z

Thursday, 30 January 2020 
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-scientist-behind-key-dna-evidence-takes-the-stand-ng-b881448042z

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Bradley Edwards has been charged with abducting and murdering three women from Claremont. (Facebook: KLAC)

Police artist's drawing of men that witnesses say they saw while they were driving along Stirling High, Claremont on the early morning that CIara Glennon was abducted

 Murder suspect Donald Morey says missing woman Sarah McMahon is alive
CORONER Alistair Hope says evidence that missing woman Sarah McMahon was a victim of homicide appears "overwhelming."

https://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/murder-suspect-donald-morey-says-missing-woman-sarah-mcmahon-is-alive/news-story/369008c4a8dc1d4854bd7cc66c647dcf


THE West Australian coroner has been urged to find that a man serving 13 years in jail for the attempted murder of a Perth prostitute is the most likely person to have killed Sarah McMahon, who disappeared in 2000.
Ms McMahon was 20 when she went missing in November 2000.

Three police investigations into her disappearance have failed to uncover her whereabouts.
An inquest into the matter wound up late on Friday, with Coroner Alastair Hope saying there was no reason to suggest Ms McMahon died of natural causes, suicide or a drug overdose.
The evidence that she had died of homicide appeared overwhelming, Mr Hope said.
He also said evidence pointed to one of her acquaintances, Donald Morey, 57, who was the last person to have spoken with her, as the prime suspect.
Her car and mobile phone had been abandoned in Midland, where evidence showed she and Morey were around the time she disappeared.

Mr Hope also described as ``sinister'' evidence presented by several witnesses about a bag owned by Morey, containing ropes, knives, gaffer tape and extreme pornography.
Several witnesses also suggested Morey was attracted to Ms McMahon and that she did not return his feelings.
There was also evidence of their relationship changing, with Ms McMahon possibly having broken ``a code of silence'' about drug dealing two days before she went missing.
Morey testified at the inquest on Friday, saying Ms McMahon was alive and living overseas.
Philip Urquhart, counsel assisting the coroner, said the claim that Ms McMahon disappeared voluntarily was "patent nonsense'' as she seemingly had a strong relationship with her family and friends.
Morey had contradicted his claim that she didn't want to be found, by appearing in two TV interviews in 2001 appealing to the public to help locate her.
Mr Urquhart also said the credibility of several witnesses this week was lacking.

In particular, key witness Natasha Tracy-Ann Kendrick recanted a November 2011 statement to police in which she said she had seen Ms McMahon's naked body on Morey's bed, with rope looped around her neck and congealed blood on her face at a Marangaroo house he shared with trucking colleague Gareth Allen and his wife Marta Margaret Allen.
She said in the statement she and Ms Allen helped clean up the grisly aftermath on Mr Allen's request, and saw the body being removed from the house, wrapped in Morey's quilt and placed in Mr Allen's ute.
But on Thursday, Ms Kendrick denied any knowledge or involvement in the matter, saying she was "messed up'' on drugs and alcohol when she made the statement.
"In my submission, she's a thoroughly discreditable witness,'' Mr Urquhart said.
Ms Kendrick's assertion that she didn't say what was contained in the statement was "an obvious lie'', he said, given she had repeated major aspects of it in a conversation with her brother six hours after the police interview.

"It's a somewhat complicated web that they've weaved between them all,'' Mr Hope said.

Whether the coroner will refer the matter to the Director of Public Prosecutions and make adverse findings against the witnesses will be revealed when Mr Hope hands down his findings on January 17.

Forensic pathologist Clive Cooke returned to the stand for a fourth day on Wednesday, telling the court that like Ms Rimmer, Ms Glennon’s body was too decomposed to determine whether she had been raped.
“There were no injuries observed that you might associate with sexual penetration,” Dr Cooke said.

He earlier testified there was no evidence Ms Rimmer had been “sexually penetrated” before she was killed but agreed “the absence of injury, of course, doesn’t mean it didn’t occur”
.

Claremont serial killings trial told Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon died while trying to defend themselves
By Andrea Mayes

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-29/claremont-serial-killings-trial-jane-rimmer-ciara-glennon-deaths/11910290

Two young women allegedly murdered by the accused Claremont serial killer died from neck injuries while trying to defend themselves, the WA Supreme Court has been told.
Forensic pathologist Clive Cooke has been giving evidence about the deaths of Jane Rimmer, 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, who died in 1996 and 1997 after vanishing at night from the streets of Claremont, a popular entertainment precinct in Perth's western suburbs.
Former Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is on trial for the wilful murders of Ms Rimmer, Ms Glennon and a third young woman, 18-year-old Sarah Spiers, whose body has never been found.
Dr Cooke was present at the post-mortem examinations of both Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon and was assisting chief forensic pathologist Karin Margolius, who has since died.
Ms Margolius's autopsy reports on the women have been read to the court, and Dr Cooke has been asked to verify various aspects of them.

Women had 'defence-type injuries'
Dr Cooke said both women appeared to have had their throats cut, suffering "incised or penetrating" cuts to their necks.
He also agreed with state prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo QC's assertion that they both "had defects to their wrists or inner forearm consistent with having been caused by a sharp instrument such as a knife or similar sharp cutting instrument".
"The appearance in Ms Glennon's case is very strongly suggestive of that," Dr Cooke said.
"With respect to Ms Rimmer, I think we had raised that likelihood, that possibility about that having happened."
Asked if the women were "defending themselves against a knife attack", Dr Cooke agreed.
"Yes, it's a common location to sustain defence-type injuries," he said.

But under cross-examination from defence counsel Genevieve Cleary, Dr Cooke admitted he could only conclude the injuries were "consistent with a sharp instrument", not that a knife was definitely involved.

Hand twisted at unusual angle, court told
Forensic anthropologist Alana Buck backed up his opinion that the women had been fighting for their lives when they were killed.
Dr Buck, who attended both women's post-mortem examinations, said she had been asked by police in 2014 to review injuries to Ms Rimmer's left forearm based on photographs, Dr Margolius's reports and videos taken at the autopsies.
She said there was a v-shaped defect on Ms Rimmer's left arm, and her hand was twisted at an unusual angle that was "impossible to achieve without a great amount of pressure" being applied and "highly suggestive" of the tendons having been cut.
The forearm was a well-known site for self-defensive injuries, she said.
Dr Buck said two tendons in Ms Glennon's right forearm also appeared to have been cut, and there were two corresponding cuts to her arm bone.
Asked what could have caused the injuries, Dr Buck said "it was our opinion that it would have been something with an edge … it could be consistent with a knife".

No evidence of sexual assault
Dr Cooke previously told the court it could not be determined whether Ms Rimmer had been sexually assaulted before she was killed because her body had been so badly decomposed, although there was no sign that she had.
Today he confirmed the same was true of Ms Glennon, even though her body was less decomposed than that of Ms Rimmer, having been found 19 days after her disappearance.
Ms Rimmer's body was not discovered until August 3, 1996, almost two months after she vanished.
Dr Cooke told the court there were no injuries observed on Ms Glennon "that you might associate with sexual penetration", although the extent of decomposition had affected the ability to tell one way or another.
Questioned by Ms Cleary about practices at the state mortuary during the time of the women's autopsies, Dr Cooke said the bodies had been laid out on the floor at different times in order to be photographed, something that was not done any more.
In that position, he agreed they were more susceptible to accidental contamination from other people in the mortuary who may have leaned over them or coughed or sneezed near them.
It was not usual at that time for mortuary staff to wear face masks, and other post-mortems sometimes happened in the same area concurrently, he said.
Dr Cooke said instruments such as scissors and forceps used at the time would be washed at the end of each autopsy, but might be used several times on each body before being rinsed.
Disposable instruments were more commonly used these days, he said.
In earlier hearings the court was told a large pair of mortuary scissors were used to cut Ms Glennon's fingernails.
One of the key pieces of forensic evidence upon which the case hinges is a mixed profile DNA sample found under one of the young lawyer's fingernails which matched Edwards's DNA.
Dr Buck was also asked about mortuary practices, agreeing with defence counsel Paul Yovich QC that she could be seen in the video of Ms Glennon's post-mortem pushing back her hair with a gloved hand.
She said she got within a metre of Ms Glennon's body and would not have known at the time she could have left trace evidence even without touching it.


Edwards denies murdering the three women and the marathon trial, before Justice Stephen Hall, is continuing.

The Continental Hotel in Claremont where Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon were last seen. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)

Claremont serial killings victim Jane Rimmer disappeared in June 1996. (ABC News)

Claremont serial killings trial CCTV shows last moments of Jane Rimmer, Ciara Glennon and possible link to Bradley Edwards
By Andrea Mayes -  11 Dec 2019,
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-12-11/claremont-serial-killings-trial-cctv-jane-rimmer-ciara-glennon/11784962
VIDEO: CCTV vision of Jane Rimmer previously released shows her greeting a man outside the Continental Hotel. (ABC News)
RELATED STORY: Claremont trial shocked as teen rape victim gives graphic account of Edwards cemetery attack
RELATED STORY: Face to face with an accused serial killer — victim tells of terrifying Bradley Edwards encounter


The Claremont serial killings trial has been shown video footage of a man resembling Bradley Edwards at a service station near Claremont on the night Ciara Glennon, the third victim, went missing.

Key points:
Edwards is accused of killing three women in Claremont in the mid-1990s
All the woman had been enjoying nights out with friends when they vanished
CCTV footage never publicly released has been shown in court of their final moments


Edwards, 51, is charged with murdering three women — Ms Glennon, 27, Sarah Spiers, 18 and Jane Rimmer, 23.
The women had all been enjoying nights out in the upmarket Perth entertainment district on the nights they vanished between January 1996 and March 1997.

On Wednesday, The WA Supreme Court was shown vision of a male customer at the BP Rose Gardens service station in the suburb of Nedlands, adjacent to Claremont, on March 14, 1997.
The footage, taken at 7:06pm, showed a tall, dark-haired man dressed in a white business shirt and dark tie interacting with a service station attendant and buying a newspaper.
The vision shows the man behind a wire security screen, making it difficult to clearly make out his features.
Detective Sergeant Justin Geary, who found the footage when he was tasked with reviewing all vision held by police relating to the Claremont case, told the court it was not possible to positively identify Edwards as the customer.
Defence lawyer Paul Yovich SC objected to the vision being tendered to the court since there was no proof it was Edwards.
But Justice Stephen Hall accepted the argument of prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo SC that Edwards could not be excluded as the person featured in the footage.

New CCTV of Rimmer, Glennon played to court

The vision was taken several hours before Ms Glennon is known to have arrived in Claremont about 11:30pm.
The court was also shown never-before-seen footage of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon enjoying themselves at popular nightspots in Claremont, including the Continental Hotel and Club Bay View, on the nights they disappeared in 1996 and 1997 respectively.
Previously, the only CCTV footage seen of Ms Rimmer outside the Continental had been released by police 12 years after she disappeared on June 8, 1996.
Less than two minutes of vision was provided at the time, initially only to the producers of a Foxtel TV crime show.
The videos shown in the WA Supreme Court this week were far more extensive, showing Ms Rimmer in a number of places in Claremont over a period of more than half an hour.

The videos, in chronological order of the nights the two women disappeared, were compiled by Detective Sergeant Justin Geary after he joined a cold-case homicide review team in 2015 and was tasked with re-examining all footage police had of the evenings in question.
No CCTV footage of the evening Ms Spiers went missing was uncovered, nor was there any vision relating to three attacks Edwards has admitted — a 1988 attack on an 18-year-old woman in her bed at her home in Huntingdale, an unprovoked assault on a social worker at Hollywood Hospital in 1990, and the abduction and rape of a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995, less than a year before Ms Spiers vanished.

Video shows a laughing woman out on the town
The videos show a smiling, laughing Ms Rimmer both inside and outside the Continental Hotel, and on the street outside Club Bay View, with friends including Ben Rundle, Sian Chapman and Lynda Donovan.
In the pub she is captured walking down the internal stairs, using the wall as support as she stumbles but still with a broad smile on her face.
The pub is teeming with young people drinking and enjoying themselves as staff try to weave their way through the crowd, holding aloft wire baskets to collect glasses.
There is also vision of Ms Rimmer on the pavement outside the hotel chatting with her friend Emma Donovan.
Outside nearby Club Bay View, Ms Rimmer is shown walking down a busy St Quentin's Avenue and standing on the pavement in front of the venue with a group of friends, chatting animatedly and pushing her long blonde hair out of her face.

Vision from a few minutes later taken from the Continental Hotel shows her walking towards the hotel behind a young man, then standing on the pavement outside the pub alone and apparently waiting for someone.
The vision alternates between four different cameras on the night, each of which records about 13 seconds before switching to the next one.
As the camera pans to the front of the pub, Ms Rimmer is shown leaning on and next to a verandah post for about seven minutes, at one point seemingly checking her watch.
The last vision of her is at 12:04am. When the camera swings back to where she had been standing, she is not there.

Under cross examination from Mr Yovich, Ms Donovan admitted Ms Rimmer was quite drunk by the end of the night, unsteady on her feet and at times holding onto other people to help her stand up.
Ms Donovan, a friend and work colleague from the Nedlands Child Care Centre who lived in the same Wembley block of flats as Ms Rimmer, said they had met up at the Ocean Beach Hotel in Cottesloe about 7:00pm that night.
She admitted to Mr Yovich she had made a statement soon after her friend's disappearance to say that Ms Rimmer and Ms Chapman had argued at the pub with a group of men including someone she had described as a person "with a nasty temper" who worried her.
But she said she could no longer remember the interaction.
Ms Donovan said Ms Rimmer had been "happy" as she and her friends got a taxi to Claremont later that night.
But when she was shown footage of herself and Ms Rimmer outside the Continental Hotel about 10:40pm, Ms Donovan said Ms Rimmer had been upset and describing herself as "fat and ugly".
Edwards missing from other footage
CCTV footage of the night Ciara Glennon vanished was also shown, showing her entering the Continental Hotel with a group of work colleagues.
Sergeant Geary said it was the only footage police had been able to locate of Ms Glennon on the night.
But footage was shown to the court of her friends both inside and outside the hotel, and at Club Bay View, as well as of the three men known as the "burger boys" who were also shown at the two venues.
The men saw a woman matching Ms Glennon's description on Stirling Highway in Claremont apparently hitchhiking, then talking to the driver of a white Holden Commodore station wagon sometime after midnight on March 15, 1997.
Under questioning from the prosecution, Sergeant Geary said police had not been able to identify Edwards in any CCTV footage taken in Claremont on the night either woman disappeared.
In her opening address, Ms Barbagallo said Edwards operated "on the periphery" of Cottesloe and Claremont and away from cameras, describing him as an "enigma of the dark".
The trial continues.

Justice Stephen Hall has temporarily suppressed pathologists' evidence in the Claremont trial. Credit: AAP

CIA Insider Claims Murder Charge Against Bradley Robert Edwards Is A Massive Conspiracy To Pervert The Course of Justice by past and present employees of the Western Australian Police, PathWest and the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia to Protect a powerful Perth Businessman and a senior police officer who have been both named as CIA/MI6 Assets .... who Sarah Anne McMahon named in a statement as being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings .... " .... Bradley Robert Edwards was selected for many years before he was arrested on charges alleging he was the sole person who abducted and murdered Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ... as the perfect patsy to set up on these charges because of his involvement in a 1990 Hollywood Assault and a 1995 Karrakatta abduction and rape .commited against females .... it was just a matter of adding the easy to obtain DNA of Bradley Robert Edwards to Ciara Glennon's DNA before it was handed to Forensic Science Service in London​ by CIA/MI6 Assets Laurie Webb and Detective Sergeant James Stanbury,...... the police knew that they could have at any time arrested Bradley Robert Edwards for the 1995 Karrakatta Rape .and the Huntingdale assault .......  knowing that Bradley Robert Edwards was always going to end up spending a long time in prison for any event ... and he would be an easy person to have the general public hate and present as man with an ideal profile for a serial abductor and killer .... however watching the very public trial of Bradley Robert Edwards ..... there is a lot of obvious evidence that does not back up the manufactured DNA Evidence ....  and a lot of material witnesses and evidence deliberately not presented by the prosecution at the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards .... it is unbelieveable that the prosecution think that they can get away with not making  Sacked PathWest Head Scientist give evidence on the witness stand .... where he can be cross-examined by the defense barrister Paul Yovich who is closely scrutinizing the alleged DNA evidence. ..... in any event, it is clear that because of the other evidence presented at the trial not supporting the alleged DNA Evidence ...  missing material evidence and material witnesses ..... and the fact that the honesty of the two people in charge of transporting Ciara Glennon's DNA to London has been publicly questioned ........ along with public history of the police and prosecution in Western Australia having a bad reputation in setting up people on murder charges and also they have too much to lose if they do not convince Justice Hall to find Bradley Robert Edwards guilty of murder .......  along with the ignored statement of Sarah Anne McMahon that a powerful Perth Businessperson and a senior police officer were involved in the Claremont Serial Killings ........ Justice Stephen Hall will have no choice but to rule that there is a strong possibility that the DNA of Bradley Edwards ended up with Ciara Glennon's DNA ,... as a result of someone planting it in Ciara Glennon's DNA ..... before it was handed to Forensic Science Service in London​ by Sacked PathWest technician Laurie Webb, named as a CIA Asset and Detective Sergeant James Stanbury, CIA/MI6 Asset ...... with headlines such as... '.Claremont Serial Killings Trial hears graphic details of Karrakatta Cemetery Rape by Bradley Edwards ..... a 17-year-old girl who was violently raped in a Perth Cemetery by alleged Claremont serial killer Bradley Edwards said she was so terrified during her ordeal, she thought she was going to die... By ABC Reporter Andrea Mayes..' .... it would be easy to convince the general public to hate Bradley Robert Edwards and that Bradley Robert Edwards must be the Claremont Serial Killer... https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-12-09/bradley-edwards-karrakatta-rape-victim-testifies-claremont-trial/11780220. ..."...... CIA Insider  Claims 

The court heard the night Ciara Glennon (above) was murdered, Edwards failed to keep a dinner date with friends.Source: Supplied

Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon, named by the police and the Western Australian Media as the Claremont Serial Killer Victims, but there are three other girls, Julie Cutler, Kerry Turner and Sarah Anne McMahon, that were claimed by Sarah Anne McMahon as should be named as Claremont Serial Killer Victims, 

Bradley Edwards is accused of killing (from top) Sarah Spiers, Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer. (ABC News)

Amanda Smith outside WA's Coroner's Court.

Claremont killer trial LIVE: Homicide detective to be cross-examined about injuries noted at Ciara's post mortem
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/claremont-killer-trial-live-homicide-detective-to-be-cross-examined-about-injuries-noted-at-ciara-s-post-mortem-20200121-p53taq.html
By Heather McNeill
January 21, 2020


21st January, 2020, 4.23 pm
Court has wrapped up for the day
Mr McCulloch will continue giving his evidence from 10am tomorrow. 

21st January, 2020,  4.22 pm
'I assisted with the collection of Ciara's fingernail exhibits': Forensic officer
Ms Barbagallo has now moved onto Mr McCulloch's involvement in the post mortem carried out on Ciara's body. 
Mr McCulloch was the exhibit officer that day. 
"The role of exhibits officer was to be a recipient where all the exhibits go, so I was the collection point," he said. 
"I wasn't the actual physical collection officer if you like, but I was responsible for the packing, the labelling and the secure storage.
"I got very close [to the body] to the point where I actually touched and handled the left hand of Ciara Glennon ... that was when we were collecting the fingernails."
He said he also assisted with a polilight examination at the beginning of the post mortem to look for fibres. He held the light for Dr Karin Margolius.
Toward the end of the post mortem he took Ciara's fingerprints. 
Mr McCulloch said at the time he was wearing plain clothes, a gown, a pair of blue overshoe booties and a pair of white duty gloves. 
Mr McCulloch handed the state's critical exhibit - Ciara's fingernails, held in individual yellow top containers - to forensic biologist Laurie Webb at 12.30pm, along with some other exhibits collected from the body before the lunch break. 
RH17 - a hair sample taken from Ciara's body at the Eglinton crime scene - was also handed to Mr Webb at this time. 
Mr McCulloch could not recall how the exhibit - which is a critical exhibit - came to be handed to Mr Webb that day. 
Mr McCulloch handed additional exhibits to another employee in forensic pathology, Anne Marie Furmedge, at 3.05pm. This bundle included the state's critical hair mass exhibit - AJM54.
He said of the post mortem exhibits not collected by Ms Furmedge or Mr Webb, he took them back to the drying room at police headquarters. 
"It's a secure room with a key and registry," he said. 
"All the exhibits that came back were put into that drying room ... but mostly it was the clothing items of Ciara Glennon."
He said clothes that needed to be dried would have been hung up over a rack. 
Ciara's t-shirt (AJM33 which became Q7 and Q7.1) is a critical exhibit for the state, as it's alleged 11 blue polyester fibres were recovered from it that match Telstra-issued navy trousers. 
"[The t-shirt] was sodden, soiled and moist," he said. 
"As a result, the colouration of [the paper bag it was placed in] has faded significantly."
He is now being shown photographs of the paper bag, which has no evidence tape on it. He is also being shown photos of three plastic bags linked to the paper bag, but said he does not know where the plastic bags came from. 
One of the bags is marked AJM33.

21st January, 2020, 3.45 pm
Forensic officer details role at Ciara's crime scene
Ms Barbagallo has now moved onto the day Ciara's body was discovered in Eglinton bushland on April 3, 1997.
Mr McCulloch said he arrived around midday with several other forensic officers.
"My role was basically to assist where ever possible and one of my main duties became the conveyance officer from the primary site where the deceased was located - taking certain items back and placing them into the refrigerator, and this was done in intervals," he said.
"Most of the exhibits we're talking about are insects so they needed to be refrigerated."
The fridge was located in the forensic trailer. 
He said at the time he was wearing dark blue overalls, boots, a pair of heavy duty mortuary gloves and blue overshoes and did not touch the body. 
He said RH17 - a critical exhibit which was a sample of Ciara's hair taken in situ - would likely not have been placed in the fridge, but rather another part of the trailer, or with other exhibits that remained with officers at the crime scene as the examination of Ciara's body continued.


21st January, 2020,  3.35 pm
Forensic officer who collected most of state's critical exhibits called to give evidence
Drag marks of Bradley Edwards' rape victim into Karrakatta Cemetery.
The next witness is Sergeant Adam McCulloch, who had been in the police forensic unit for 29 years. 
He is the forensic officer involved in the taking of a number of the state's critical exhibits. 
Ms Barbagallo is asking him about his involvement in the examination of the crime scene where Mr Edwards raped a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta Cemetery on February 12, 1995. 
Mr McCulloch attended and collected items from the scene, including the state's critical exhibit - the victim's black shorts - which the state alleges had two blue polyester fibres on them that matched Mr Edwards' Telstra-issued work trousers and fibres found on Jane and Ciara's bodies. 
Mr McCulloch is recalling when he arrived at the scene, he noticed a black skirt and a pair of women's underpants near the entrance to the cemetery. 
He also recalled finding black shoes further into the cemetery, close to drag marks located in the sand. 
He collected the exhibits and placed them into brown paper bags labelled:
AJM1 - black shoes
AJM2 - black skirt and panties
AJM3 - soil from drag marks. 
A detective then handed him a further four exhibits taken from the hospital where the victim was treated, being:
AJM4 - Denim jacket
AJM5 - Hospital pants
AJM6 - Hospital gown 
AJM7 - White cord
Being a Sunday, the items were secured overnight at police headquarters before being taken to the forensic storage office, situated on the floor above, the next day. 

21st January, 2020,  2.59 pm
Mortuary technician who placed Ciara's hair mass into billy bucket takes stand
The prosecution has indicated there has been a late change to the order of witnesses, with retired mortuary technician Brian Mouchemore called to give evidence. 
He was tasked with putting Ciara's hair mass into a billy bucket either "days or around a week" after the post mortem was conducted. 
"From memory I think [the hair mass] was inside a plastic bag outside the body bag [in the cool room]," he said. 
He said he recalled laying the hair mass on a white sheet and forensic pathologist Karin Margolius coming to inspect it. He said he then placed it in the billy bucket and returned it to the cool room. 
He said given the exhibit related to a homicide, he would have placed the hair mass into a new billy bucket, rather than a used but cleaned bucket that may have previously been used to hold an organ. 
At the time he said he would have been wearing white overalls, white gumboots, an apron and double gloves. 
Defence lawyer Genevieve Cleary is now cross-examining Mr Mouchmore. 
She has asked if he was aware of things like fibre and DNA in 1996.
"I was aware of things like hair and fibres, but not so much DNA, DNA was a new science," he said. 
"The whole of forensic science has been a progression, from the beginning of fingerprinting to what it is today."
Ms Cleary asked if he would have been aware he could contaminate a body without touching it and he has said yes, and that he was aware of things like a skin flake or hair coming into contact with an exhibit if he was not wearing protective clothing. 
Ms Cleary has asked if mortuary instruments could transfer DNA from one part of the body to another, to which he has replied "not really", explaining that instruments were cleaned in a chlorine mixture to sterilise them after each case. 
Mr Mouchmore has clarified that he laid Ciara's hair mass on a white towel, the ones commonly used in the mortuary, which had a blue stripe down them. 
The state alleges blue polyester fibres found in Ciara's hair were from Mr Edwards' Telstra-issued navy trousers. 
The defence is looking for opportunities for the exhibit to have been contaminated with other fibres. 
In re-examination Mr Mouchmore said he believed the towels were cotton. 
Mr Mouchmore has completed his evidence. 


21st January, 2020,  12.54 pm
Court has broken for lunch
When it returns at 2.15pm, a new witness, forensic officer Adam McCulloch, who assisted to collect a number of the state's critical exhibits, including the Karrakatta cemetery rape victim's shorts, and Ciara's fingernails, hair mass and t-shirt, will take the stand.

21st January, 2020,   12.52pm
Defence tests Macro detective's independent memory of Ciara's post mortem
Superintendent John Leembruggen. CREDIT:NINE NEWS PERTH
Mr Leembruggen has resumed giving his evidence. 
He has told Mr Yovich he has no memory of labelling any exhibits during the post mortem of Ciara's body.
Mr Yovich is now showing Mr Leembruggen a photo of a yellow top container from Ciara's post mortem. 
He said he does not recognise the handwriting on it as being his. He agreed there appeared to be some scratches on the container. 
Ms Barbagallo has asked Mr Yovich to identify when and where this photo was taken, which he has declined to do.
It's not clear what the relevance of the container is. 
Mr Leembruggen is also being asked about why he originally wrote AJM54 as 'head hair' on his exhibit list but then crossed it out. The hair mass was later written on a photocopied version as AJM54 of the exhibit list that is more filled out. 
"I've got no recollection of what caused me to scrub that out," he said. 
"I have a recollection of going into a room and taking a photocopy, but that's only on reflection."
Mr Yovich questioned whether the AJM54 line being filled out later, may have altered the sequence of what was collected. 
Mr Leembruggen said the sequence continued. 
On the exhibit list, Mr Leembruggen incorrectly spells 'maggots' with one 'g' and entomology with an 'a'.
It's not clear why this is relevant. 
Mr Yovich has returned to asking Mr Leembruggen about his independent memory of the post mortem.
Mr Yovich: Until you saw your exhibit list, you did not remember even that you had written it? 
Mr Leembruggen: Yes. 
Ms Barbagallo is re-examining Mr Leembruggen and is showing him sensitive footage of Ciara's post mortem. 
It shows the hair sample (AJM54) being removed. The removal starts at 12.12pm and is completed by 1.18pm - there is a lunch break in between this time where some exhibits already collected are handed to forensic biologist, Laurie Webb. 
Mr Leembruggen has completed his evidence. 

21st January, 2020,   11.40 am
Court has adjourned for morning tea
It will resume just before midday. 


21st January  11.38 am
Defence questions Macro detective on changes to his statement since arrest
The next witness is Superintendent John Leembruggen, who was a Macro taskforce detective in 1996 and 1997 when Jane and Ciara's bodies were found.  
He gave his evidence-in-chief yesterday and is being cross-examined by Mr Yovich today. 
Mr Leembruggen has said he was a part of Macro Taskforce from when it was established in June 1996, through to July 1998. 
Of his involvement after he left the unit, he has said: "The only involvement would be being contacted by other investigators, and I also think there were a couple of occasions where I actually went and visited the family".
Mr Yovich is now asking Mr Leembruggen about how he compiled his witness statements in relation to his involvement in Jane and Ciara's cases - the earliest of which was taken in May 2016, the latest in October 2019. 
"I relied upon the documents [from the time] and my memory to the best I could recall and to see the synergies between those and my memory," he said. 
"There's [documents] that I've read that I couldn't remember, but there's ones that as I read them, certainly came to mind clearly."
He has acknowledged the gap in time that has occurred between the murders and him giving his witness statements is the longest he has dealt with, remarking, "This is a unique case". 
In a statement he signed in May 2017, he said he had no independent recollection of receiving the Telecom pocket-knife found by a member of the public near Jane's crime scene the day her body was discovered. 
Mr Yovich has pointed out despite the statement, Mr Leembruggen in his evidence yesterday said he recalled receiving the knife and placing it into an envelope. 
Mr Yovich: Isn't it fair to say that given that what you say in your 2017 statement was true, that you cannot actually independently remember what you did with this knife and your evidence is really a reconstruction based on your general practices as a police officer? 
Mr Leembruggen: I've certainly reflected on many aspects of this investigation and in particular Mr Daventhoren and the knife, and I have recollection of where that knife was received ... the only thing I am unclear about is whether it went into a plastic bag before it went into an envelope, but it definitely went into an envelope.
Mr Yovich has shown Mr Leembruggen a photo of the pocket knife in a yellow envelope with a notation that appears to be in his handwriting, and commented he was shown the image by the prosecution in the weeks before giving his evidence. 
Mr Yovich has now moved onto the day Ciara's body was found on April 3, 1997. 
Mr Leembruggen has agreed he was mostly an observer on the day. 
"I was there to get a bit of an appreciation of the area and see if there was anything else I could take back to investigators," he said. 
He said he followed the Coroner's undertakers to the mortuary and observed forensic pathologists reviewing Ciara's dental records to confirm identification. 
Mr Yovich is now referring back to evidence given by a forensic sergeant that DNA and fibre contamination was not a consideration in 1996 and 1997. 
Mr Leembruggen has replied, "We certainly were aware of contamination as an investigator". 
Mr Yovich has pointed out that in Mr Leembruggen's 2016 statement, he said he was at the post-mortem to label exhibits, which is what his partner, Mr Bordin wrote on his running sheet from the day. 
Since watching footage of the post-mortem in 2019, Mr Leembruggen amended his statement to say he was present for the post-mortem, but was tasked with writing the exhibit list as items were collected. 
"I may have labelled a bag but certainly no exhibits at all from my recollection did I even come  in close contact," he said. 
"I'm not saying [the running sheet] is incorrect. When it was entered that may have been the task to assist, but normally forensic collection is done by the forensic officers or pathologist, as the investigator you have no role in that."

21st January, 2020,   10.47 am
Defence begins cross-examination of homicide detective
Inspector Mark Bordin, who was a homicide detective involved in Ciara's case in 1997, has resumed giving his evidence for the second day. 
Justice Stephen Hall has asked him to clarify his evidence given yesterday that forensic manager Robert Hemelaar created a five metre exclusion zone around Ciara's body after it was found in bushland in Eglinton. 
His Honour has asked who was allowed in the area. 
"My gauge on it was that forensic officers, myself and anybody who had been approved by the team sergeant or forensics was to be in that area," Mr Bordin said. 
He could not recall if the exclusion zone was marked in any formal way. 
Defence lawyer Paul Yovich has begun his cross-examination. 
He has asked if Mr Bordin was relying on his running sheets from his involvement in Ciara's crime scene to refresh his memory, which he has agreed. 
"I trust my running sheet," Mr Bordin said. 
"I couldn't record everything, but I recorded what I considered pertinent."
Mr Yovich has queried two entries on the running sheet, being:
1.45pm: Into crime scene with Dr Margolius and forensic team.
2.10pm: 5 metre radius brief by Sergeant Hemelaar on location of body. 
Mr Yovich has asked questions to try determine what occurred between 1.45pm and 2.10pm, in relation to the exclusion zone and who was allowed near the body. 
Mr Yovich has now moved onto when Ciara's body was transported to the mortuary and Dr Stephen Knott attended to make a formal identification using dental records. 
Mr Bordin said he had no independent recollection of seeing Dr Knott but does not believe he would have been near the body when the identification was taking place.
"I didn’t necessarily watch his work, I would certainly make him aware of what he was dealing with and then he would go off and do what he needed to do," he said. 
"I wasn’t where the identification took place, I know that ... it wasn’t my function to be part of it."
Mr Yovich has now moved on to Mr Bordin's involvement in the post mortem on Ciara's body, and is asking about his knowledge of DNA and fibre evidence at the time. 
"DNA was just starting when Macro was evolving," Mr Bordin said. 
He said he also at the time did not know much about fibre evidence. 
Mr Bordin has reinforced his role at Ciara's post mortem was not as a forensic officer, but as an observer there to capture information for investigators. 
He said he was aware of hygiene and contamination risks during the post mortem. 
Mr Bordin has completed giving his evidence. 

Above: Donald Morey, aka Matusevich,
who has apparently confessed to the wife of his boss that he has killed many times before, and would be happy to murder her husband if she wanted this to be done, after overhearing a bad argument between his boss and his wife..
Donald Morey, aka Matusevich has
  ".. never been ruled out as a suspect in the suspected death of Ms McMahon, Detective Darryl Cox told the Coroner's Court.,

a suspect in murder  in the murder of Darylyn Meridith Ugle, a prostitute who was last seen alive while soliciting for sex in March 2003, and to the disappearance of Sarah McMahon, a 20-year-old Parkerville woman who has not been seen leaving her Claremont workplace exactly 11 years ago today. Her vehicle was found at Swan District Hospital.​..."
It is also noted that a member of Gangland has informed the NYT.bz investigators that a small teardrop tattoo under the ones eye is a visible mark to those in Gangland who know that its means, that the person with such teardrop tattoo under their eye has committed a Gangland murder ... under instructions senior people in Gangland .... and a second teardrop tattoo under the other eye means that the person has committed at least one other Gangland murder ... under instructions senior people in Gangland .... and once two Gangland murders have been committed, by the person, there is no further teardrop tattoos placed under one's eye .. so two teardrop tattoos represent two or more  Gangland murders ... under instructions senior people in Gangland.

Claremont Serial Killings Trial podcast Day 27: The Evidence the State’s Case Hangs On
The West Australian- Friday, 17 January 2020 
https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-day-27-the-evidence-the-states-case-hangs-on-ng-b881436719z
***WARNING: Graphic Content***
Ciara Glennon's fingernail clippings are the key pieces of evidence the prosecution have to say why they'll prove Bradley Robert Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer.
The reason why they're so crucial, is because DNA found under those fingernails contained the DNA of the accused, and the prosecution say it got there because of a struggle.
When Ciara Glennon’s body was found on April 3, 1997, she also had defensive wounds on her arms and hands, indicating she fought for her life.
On day 27 of the Claremont Serial Killings trial, the court heard from the mortuary manager who collected those key pieces of evidence. Dr Robert Macdermit, who had conducted more than 10,000 autopsies during his career, clipped Ciara's fingernails, and detailed the grim task that was conducting her post-mortem.
n that autopsy, Ciara's hair mass was also taken, a gruesome task which was explained in full to the court by Dr Macdermit. Ciara's hair is also an important piece of evidence for the prosecution, because several blue and grey fibres, which they say are from the Telstra uniform and Commodore station wagon used by Bradley Edwards at the time.
However, during his cross examination it was revealed Dr Macdermit could have driven a commodore to the post mortem that day.
The defence also noticed what looked like another body present in the room of the time of Ciara's post-mortem. They also got Dr Macdermit to admit they used the same utensils for different body parts, which were rinsed off during the procedure.
Join Natalie Bonjolo, Tim Clarke and Alison Fan as they explain the details of day 27.
If you have any questions for the Claremont in Conversation team, send them into 

claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au
For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to 

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings

Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland in the southern Perth suburb of Wellard. (ABC News)

"When Ciara supposedly went missing, we had two cars in the block for the half-hour when she was last seen," said Claremont station's acting sergeant Mike Starkey". ... "why wasn't acting sergeant Mike Starkey.  and the police officers driving the two police cars in the block when Ciara Glennon was last seen, put on the witness stand at the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards ?... why didn't one of the unmarked commodore police cars pick up Ciara Glennon ? or ... Did one of a marked or unmarked police car, or an unmarked car which was driven by a police officer and his girlfriend' car pick up Ciara Glennon? ... it was common knowledge amongst girls who were very drunk, who left the Claremont Hotel and/or Bayview Night Club from around 11 pm onwards, that the police from the Cottesloe Police Station would pick up drunk girls  ..which was perceived by the girls as a community service to make sure they safely got home ...  the POST Newspaper article March 22-23, 1997 stated ..... 'Sergeant Starkey said there was no substitute for police patrols. "We're there to catch this man. On a local level, we are doing everything possible."     Sergeant Starkey said. There were unconfirmed reports on Friday that police were looking for a man and a woman or two men with one of them dressed as a woman." 

.... "Noel Geoffrey Coward, who was interviewed by the Special Crime Squad in December 18 2014 at Curtin House, urged police to look closely at a former taxi driver from Fremantle known as ''Taxi Tony' and a girl called 'Michelle' as being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings, which included information the girls went missing to make snuff movies sold for large money overseas,. ....... why wasn't there from 11pm onwards on the night Ciara Glennon went missing at least ten unmarked police cars driving up and down, and around Stirling Highway, Bay View Terrace, Stirling Road, St Quentin Avenue, Gugeri Street, Church Lane, O'Beirne Street, Avion Way, Claremont after the abduction of Julie Cutler, Sarah Spiers and Jane Rimmer who had been abducted from the area ..... with it then looking like there was a serial killer and/or killers combing the area for drunk defenseless females just trying to get home after a big night out?... What was that?"...... NYT  CSK Investigation Team

​Noel Geoffrey Coward, was interviewed by the Special Crime Squad on December 18 2014 at Curtin House.  

For many years Noel Geoffrey Coward has been urging police to look closely at a former taxi driver from Fremantle known as ''Taxi Tony' and a girl called 'Michelle' being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings, which included information the girls could have gone missing to make snuff movies sold for large money overseas, ...Noel Geoffrey Coward brought this information to the attention of the police after the abduction and murder of Ciara Glennon in 1997.. “Primarily I don’t trust them,” he said. “... because they had not, in my opinion, investigated the original evidence I supplied...".. stated Noel Geoffrey Coward ...it seems that the police did not want to arrest anyone for the Claremont Serial Killings until Sarah Anne McMahon and Noel Geoffrey Coward died or disappeared  ... it is noted the girl Andrew Mallard stayed within Mosman Park used the name Michelle, was also a regular coffee drinker in a well known. Fremantle Coffee Shop .. who lived in a flat near where the screams were heard the night Sarah Spiers disappeared ... who needs to be interviewed by the police in regards to her whereabouts on the night Sarah Glennon disappeared and whether Michelle also heard the screams, as Michelle lived in Monument Street, Mosman Park near where the screams were heard from ... Noel Geoffrey Coward stated that every time one of the girls disappeared Michelle traveled to the Eastern States for a while ...  

Claremont serial killings trial: Hyoid Bone ‘missing’ from Jane Rimmer’s neck
Angie Raphael - AAP - January 20, 2020
https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-bone-missing-from-jane-rimmers-neck-ng-b881438524z

​Can you talk without a hyoid bone?  
The hyoid bone is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone. ... 
The hyoid bone, which is the only bone in the body not connected to any other, is the foundation of speech and is found only in humans and Neanderthals 

NYT CSK Investigation Team Comment

It is stretching the imagination that the accused Bradley Robert Edwards being an admitted rapist, who pleaded guilty to breaking into a girls home and stealing womens clothes and trying to sexually assault her, assaulting a woman in 1990 in the Hollywood Hospital while he was there to fix a telephone line for Telecom, then abducting a girl and raping her and then letting her go ......  because he has sexual urges that come onto him at times that he could not control .... 

would be a person who would not only kill three girls, and go to the extent of removing the hyoid bone  from the neck of the second alleged victim ....

 to remove the hyoid bone  from the neck of a victim would be an extremely difficult surgical procedure for a person who is only trained as a telephone technician and only has a Telstra pocket knife to carry out such complicated surgery ... ...... plus what would be the motive for the accused Bradley Robert Edwards to remove the hyoid bone  from Jane Rimmer's neck ... ?

The more logical conclusion as to why the hyoid bone  was removed from Jane Rimmer's neck ... is for the use as a body part meet an order made at a very high price ......

.... it is well known and accepted that the triads and other criminal networks around the world abduct and murder people for body parts for sale for large sums to very rich people, who will pay any money for a body part they need to stay alive, and/or be normal, .....  because for one reason or another that rich person needs a replacement body part ....  

The fact that the body of Sarah Spiers has never been found ...... added to the fact that the hyoid bone  was removed from Jane Rimmer's neck, gives more weight to the possibility that Sarah Spiers was abducted and murdered for other reasons than just wanting to sexually assault her to satisfy some type of uncontrollable sexual urges and/or frustrations..... such as for the purpose of a snuff movie and/or for body parts ... it is a most horrific thought for the family and friends, and the general public to think that girls in Perth, Western Australia, or anywhere else in the world, are abducted for sexual reasons and then murdered for any reason .... but even more horrific to think that girls  are abducted  and then murdered for the purpose of making snuff movies and/or for body parts ......but there is no doubt that it is a sad reality that such things go on around planet earth .... but would ever expect such horrific crimes could or would happen in Claremont, Perth, Western Australia ....

One can think further outside the box  and consider that people who used  to work for various government agencies, that have spoken out that there are Alien races who have done a deal with certain government agencies and/or private groups ..... for humans to be abducted for the purpose of helping the Alien race improve their genetics ..... because they are a sick and dying race ..... who needs the genetics of humans to help their race from dying out ....... some of these people that have spoken out about this subject, such as Milton William "Bill" Cooper, have lost their lives after speaking out  ,,,,,, 

http://www.wikipediaexposed.org/fisareport.html

Milton William "Bill" Cooper told the audience he was speaking to that ....

“They’re going to kill me, ladies and gentlemen,” Milton William "Bill" Cooper told the audience. 

“Get ready for it, folks, because that’s what you’re going to be hearing in the next weeks and months on radio and television: Nothing will be the same after today….

Because I’ll tell you, ladies and gentlemen, that’s what the people who really did this want you to think, that nothing, nothing, will be the same after today.
“And you know what? They’re right. They’re telling the truth about that. Within weeks the Congress will pass draconian legislation aimed at restricting the rights of American citizens. You’re going to have surveillance cameras on every street corner. You think your phones are being tapped now, just wait.
“No one is going to gain from this except a very small group of people. Everyone else will lose. No one will lose more than the American people.” This would be the most grievous casualty of the 9/11 attacks, Cooper told the audience, the nation itself, the America that could have been.
Freedom, the most elusive of qualities, best distilled in the inspired documents of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, had been dealt a fatal blow: “From now on, freedom will be whatever the law allows you to do.” That wasn’t going to stop him, Cooper told listeners. He’d stay behind his microphone up in his hilltop studio. He’d keep sending out The Hour of the Time, speaking truth to the ultimate power, if it was the last thing he did. It was soon after that Cooper’s final prediction came true.
“They’re going to kill me, ladies and gentlemen,” he told the audience. “They’re going to come up here in the middle of the night, and shoot me dead, right on my doorstep.”
And, around midnight on November 5th, 2001, less than two months after the 9/11 attacks, that’s exactly what happened......

What Milton William "Bill" Cooper is saying that part of the reason for the CIA and other Groups to help carry out horrific actions in the community is to scare people into wanting ...

 "... draconian legislation aimed at restricting the rights of the citizens ... with surveillance cameras on every street corner and their phones being tapped  ..... "

Milton William "Bill" Cooper went onto say that “No one is going to gain from this except a very small group of people. Everyone else will lose."

Thus another reason why groups like Five Eyes, which includes the CIA and MI6, would want to be involved with helping such events to happen, such as what is known world wide as "The Claremont Serial Killings" .... is for the specific purpose of creating fear in the community ... so the general public will welcome draconian legislation aimed at restricting the rights of the citizens ... with surveillance cameras on every street corner and phones being tapped.....

The NYT Investigation Team was told in the 1970's by an intelligence insider that because the City of Perth is one of the most isolated capital cities in the world ..... that the city of Perth is used in various ways to study and monitor the effects and reactions of the general public as a result of various deliberately created experiments .....

What ever one thinks about what the NYT Investigation Team is saying in this comment .... the more the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards goes on, and more and more information is released to the general public about what happened regarding the three girls that Bradley Robert Edwards has been accused of abducting and murdering ....... the more one comes to the conclusion that the abduction and/or murder of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer  and Ciara Glennon and other girls that have been abducted and/or murdered in the period between the  years of around 1988 to the end of the 1990's, such as Julie Cutler and Kerry Turner .... and also Sarah Anne McMahon in November, 2000 ..... that this was  a lot bigger operation than a sole person such, as Bradley Robert Edwards,  could have carried out single handed ....... without any detection ..... when after Jane Rimmer went missing ,,.. there was any amount of undercover police investigating and looking for a serial killer that is  running around the multi-million dollar suburbs of Cottesloe and Claremont ...... that a telephone technician single handed ..... without any type of connections in the Western Australian Police and/or some other high level connections, which he knows will do everything to try and protect him from being caught ......   is game enough to try and abduct and murder another victim, and is capable of getting away with  abducting and murdering another victim  from the same hotel, night club and highway and streets the previous victims were abducted from .... right under the noses of a massive man hunt for a serial killer that is  running around the multi-million dollar suburbs of Cottesloe and Claremont .......

Thus, the statement by Sarah Anne McMahon before she disappeared ..... with the Western Australian Police and the Coroner being fairly confident that Sarah Anne McMahon was abducted and murdered ..... with one of the main police suspects of the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon ......   according to public news articles being Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, rings more and more true  .......

Sarah Anne McMahon, before she disappeared made a statement named a police officer and a well known, powerful and well connected Perth Businessman and others as being involved in what is known world wide as 'the Claremont Serial Killings'  ......

Regardless of whether Bradley Robert Edwards is found guilty of being involved in some way with the abductions and/or murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon and/or helping to move the bodies of  Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon ..... it appears that  Bradley Robert Edwards was not the sole abductor and murderer of  Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon, and that there were others involved who were much more well connected and powerful people and networks than Bradley Robert Edwards .....

Even though Bradley Robert Edwards has pleaded guilty to what is known as the February 1995 Karrakatta Cemetery rape ..... it is noted that there was two sexual assaults on this girl ....... while she was hooded and could not see who was sexually assaulting her .... thus there is every possibility that there could have been another male that sexually assaulted the girl as well as Bradley Robert Edwards ..... and if that person was well connected, rich and powerful ..... with powerful connections  .. that Bradley Robert Edwards would be scared of ....it would be unlikely that Bradley Robert Edwards would publicly expose that person or people, and would rather take the sole blame for the  February 1995 Karrakatta Cemetery double rape ...... then once this happened .... that rich, powerful and well connected person or people, would be able to demand Bradley Robert Edwards to help abduct other females, that the rich and powerful person or people and any powerful network that that person or people were connected to ..... 

We also notice that the doctor that examined the Karrakatta Rape Victim stated that the girl had been a virgin before the rape ..... thus a rich powerful person may have had a fetish to rape a young virgin, who may have been investigated and chosen for that purpose .... it may have been by chance that the girl was a virgin, however at 17 years old,  would likely to be a virgin ... particularly back in 1995 and living in this well to do area where it would not be common for a girl to have had sex under the age of 18 years old... thus it is a likely possibility that a rich powerful person may have have something over Bradley Robert Edwards  to demand that he abduct this 17 year old girl, place a hood over her head and take her to the Karrakatta Cemetry so he can rape a virgin .. with the only person that would take the blame if necessary being Bradley Robert Edwards .... knowing that Bradley Robert Edwards  would never be game to expose this powerful well connected person ....

​​Claremont trial: Doctor who assessed rape victim recalls violent crime
https://www.9news.com.au/national/claremont-serial-killer-doctor-who-examined-victim-recalls-case/f964f1c8-ad0b-423b-b9e9-31e8c3430e08
By AAP Jan 13, 2020
A doctor who examined a teenage girl after she was raped in a graveyard by the accused Claremont serial killer says the violent case still stands out in her memory after 25 years.
Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, admits sexually assaulting the 17-year-old at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 but denies murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997.
The Western Australia Supreme Court previously heard the ex-Telstra technician abducted the girl as she walked through a dimly-lit park at night, stuffing a sock into her mouth, pulling a cloth bag over her head and tying her up.
The victim testified in a statement that she feared her attacker was going to kill her, after dragging her for several metres and throwing her into bushes.
Amanda Barnard told the court on Monday she had examined thousands of women working as an on-call doctor for the Sexual Assaults Resource Centre, but the case was memorable because it was a violent assault by a stranger, the victim was hooded and restrained, and she had been a virgin.
Dr Barnard said the extent and pain of the teenager's injuries was also notable
The court heard she suffered bruises, abrasions, cuts, swelling and tenderness, including around her wrists and ankles, where red marks from being bound remained visible hours later.

If one looks back further to the admitted assault on a female by Bradley Robert Edwards in 1990 at the Hollywood Hospital ..... while on a telephone line repair job for his then-employer-Telecom ... this was a strange thing to do ....... when there was no chance of Bradley Robert Edwards believing that he was not going to be caught for this most horrendous assault crime ...... which according to the victim, ...she thought at the time that she may be killed by the attacker ....

 Bradley Robert Edwards attacked a female in a public hospital where there would be no escape and no chance of getting away with such horrendous crime ...

Then the amazing thing was that  Bradley Robert Edwards did not receive a prison sentence for committing such horrendous crime ....

Then the further amazing thing was that Bradley Robert Edwards did not lose his job with Telecom ( which later became known as Telstra) .... after committing such a most serious horrendous assault on a female employee of the hospital he was sent to my his employer to fix the telephone line....

Then the even more amazing thing was that after Bradley Robert Edwards committed such a most serious horrendous assault on a female employee of the hospital he was sent to my his employer to fix the telephone line, he was even promoted ...... by his employer...

In the real world this would never happen, unless  Bradley Robert Edwards was protected and helped by some powerful well-connected person or people ...... who wanted to use  Bradley Robert Edwards for their own particular purposes .... such as demand that he abducts a female, as he did on his own admission in 1995, and took her to the Karrakatta Cemetry to be raped and sexually abused in a most horrific way ... the question remains unsolved as to whether there was another person involved, who attended at the time at the Karrakatta Cemetry, who Bradley Robert Edwards refuses to mention, for fear of being murdered himself and/or his stepdaughter being harmed ...... it does seem on the public evidence that Bradley Robert Edwards loves his stepdaughter and up to his arrest in December 2015 had a good relationship with ...... thus there would be every reason for Bradley Robert Edwards to be scared to speak up about other well connected and powerful people involved in the February 1995 Karrakatta Rape..


This leads to the next scenario ......... if the above scenario is true or partly true ..... then this or these powerful well-connected people ...... that  Bradley Robert Edwards is now controlled by .....  as they can easily destroy his life in so many different obvious ways ...... as he has partly destroyed his own life, and now has far too much to hide .... and too many skeletons in the cupboard ...... this or these powerful people demand that Bradley Robert Edwards help abduct Sarah Spiers ...... with Bradley Robert Edwards having no idea that this powerful person or these powerful people would not let  Sarah Spiers be released to go back to her life, even though scared from an abduction and likely rape  ...... after all ...... this or these powerful people have proven to Bradley Robert Edwards that he was never investigated or charged or even suspected for the  February 1995 Karrakatta Rape.., even though he should have been the first person on the radar of the police, when the February 1995 Karrakatta Rape. happened,..... because of his history of committing the serious assault at Hollywood in 1990 ... .....

Thus Bradley Robert Edwards may have either refused to be involved with the abduction of Sarah Spiers or did become involved with helping to abduct Sarah Spiers ,,,,, but had no idea that this powerful person or these powerful people would not let  Sarah Spiers be released to go back to her life, even though scared from an abduction and likely rape .......

However, whoever helped these powerful person or powerful people abduct Sarah Spiers ... and  this powerful person or these powerful people would not let  Sarah Spiers be released to go back to her life ..... and was never heard from or seen again ...... then  this powerful person or these powerful people would be able to demand that the people that helped with the abduction of Sarah Spiers, even if they were not involved in harming Sarah Spiers ..... help abduct other females .. for fear of being arrested for the abduction and murder of Sarah Spiers ..... 

It may well be that Sarah Spiers was unharmed, but kidnapped, and taken overseas for breeding purposes to a place that she could never escape from, but at the same time given a good life style ....  

we know that good looking females are abducted by well connected powerful people people, groups and networks for breading and sexual purposes ..... as in effect sexual slaves .... but some are given a good lifestyle and are not harmed in any way ........ they can even be controlled to not try to escape by threats that if they tried to escape ... that harm could come to their families and friends etc.

All we can do is hope and pray that Sarah Spiers is still alive and living somewhere overseas and having a good lifestyle by her captors ...

and was not murdered as claimed by the Western Australian Police and the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia ...


In summary, the allegations, information,  and evidence that is being brought to public light through the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards is creating many more questions than answers as to who was really responsible for the abductions and/or murders off Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon and what were the real reasons for the abductions and/or murders off Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon  and the abductions and/or murders of other females in Perth, Western Australia such as  Julie Cutler (last seen alive in June 1988), Kerry Turner (last seen alive in Victoria Park in 1991), Lisa Brown (last seen alive in November 1998 and Sarah Anne McMahon (last seen alive in October, 2000) ....


https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killing-the-eight-charges-faces-by-bradley-robert-edwards-ng-b881106173z

Charged on 12 February 1995 at Claremont, you unlawfully detained xxxxxxxxxx. .
Charged on 12 February 1995 at Claremont, you sexually penetrated one xxxxxxxxxx without her consent in circumstances of aggravation, namely by doing an act which substantially degraded and humiliated the victim.
Charged on 12 February 1995 at Claremont, you sexually penetrated one xxxxxxxxxx without her consent in circumstances of aggravation, namely by doing an act which substantially degraded and humiliated the victim.


 Donald Morey, aka Matusevich has apparently confessed to the wife of his boss that he has killed many times before, and would be happy to murder her husband if she wanted this to be done, after overhearing a bad argument between his boss and his wife..
Michael Rupert Ex_LAP Police Officer exposed George Bush and the CIA selling illegal drugs and it is thought by many Michael Rupert's claimed suicide was a murder 

http://inlnews.com/CIASellDrugs_MediaLiesP1.html

http://inlnews.com/TheGreatAmericanNovel_P1.php

http://awn.bz/CIA_Terrorism_FalseFlags.html

“The easiest way to gain control of a population is to carry out acts of terror. [The public] will clamor for such laws if their personal security is threatened”.  – Josef Stalin

A post-mortem examination revealed a bone was missing from Jane Rimmer’s neck,
Perth’s Claremont serial killings trial has heard.
Ex-Telstra technician and confessed rapist Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is fighting allegations he murdered Sarah Spiers, 18, Ms Rimmer, 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997.
Superintendent John Leembruggen, who was a Macro Taskforce detective at the time, told the Western Australia Supreme Court on Monday he briefly attended Ms Rimmer’s post-mortem, then went to the Wellard bushland where her body had been dumped to tell the forensic team her hyoid bone was missing.
WA’s so-called trial of the century previously heard she had suffered a neck injury.
Supt Leembruggen also collected a pocket knife found in the area, which prosecutors allege was the type issued to Telecom/Telstra employees at the time.
He said he later looked into telecommunication work done in the area in the previous year.
“We rang Telstra and Optus to see what they might have done,” he testified.
“They provided us with some maps and information.”
He later collected Ms Rimmer’s watch, which a horserider had found nearby.
Supt Leembruggen said he also attended Ms Glennon’s Eglinton crime scene with detective Mark Bordin, Victorian profiler Claude Minisini and US officer Dave Caldwell who had experience in serial murder investigations.
He said the closest he got to the body was about two metres but mostly stood four metres away.
Former mortuary technician Graham Paul testified he admitted Ms Glennon’s body to the morgue for the post-mortem but did not recall opening the bag to measure her 150cm height and her weight, which was 32kg due to decomposition.
He added he would not open a bag if the body was decomposed and had been involved in a homicide.
“There’s the aspect of contamination and keeping everything in continuity with the process,” he said.
Mr Paul said he wore double gloves, overalls and boots.
Footage was played in court but not viewed by the public gallery after Justice Stephen Hall earlier ruled such distressing vision should be blocked.
Mr Paul was grilled under cross-examination about his actions during the post- mortem, with the video showing he used a sponge to wipe his hand and also placed it on the ground.
He also handled her shirt, which prosecutors allege had 11 fibres from Telstra- issued work clothes.
The footage further showed Mr Paul with a towel over his shoulder after a hair mass was removed from the victim.
Prosecutors allege fibres from her hair are linked to Edwards.
Asked whether he knew in the mid-1990s that he could leave DNA on a body by touching it, he replied: “There’s always a chance of cross-contamination but to what extent, I think, it was just limited knowledge.”
Asked whether he was less careful in this autopsy than any others, he replied: “I was just acting on the instructions of the people there.”
Mr Paul added he would “never be less careful” and “you had to be aware of what you were doing”.

Edwards’ defence team argues evidence may have been contaminated.

Claremont serial killings: Judge orders suppression of gruesome post-mortem details
Angie Raphael
Thursday, 23 January 2020 
https://7news.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-forensic-evidence-suppressed-c-660308

Bradley Edwards, pictured, is accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon in 1996 and 1997. Credit: AAP
Justice Stephen Hall has temporarily suppressed pathologists' evidence in the Claremont trial. Credit: AAP

Graphic and distressing details about the post-mortem examinations of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon have been temporarily suppressed in the Claremont serial killings trial.

Ex-Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is on trial in the WA Supreme Court accused of murdering 18-year-old secretary Sarah Spiers, whose body has never been found, childcare worker Ms Rimmer, 23, and solicitor Ms Glennon, 27, in 1996 and 1997.

Click here to watch the video 

Shock Ban In Claremont Serial Killer Trial

https://7news.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-forensic-evidence-suppressed-c-660308


Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo told the court the families were concerned about confronting details, which they have been spared from for more than 20 years, being widely shared with the public.
“In ordinary circumstances, family members would not know the minutiae of post-mortems,” Ms Barbagallo said on Thursday.
“The family members of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon do not know that detail ... they have been spared that detail over a number of years.”
‘The family members of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ... have been spared that detail over a number of years.’

Those details would include the injuries the women suffered and the expert conclusions about how they died.
Justice Stephen Hall agreed to impose a temporary suppression order on the evidence of forensic pathologists Clive Cooke and Alanah Buck, as well as lead pathologist in the case Karin Margolius, who has died but whose reports are expected to be read in court.

The suppression order applies to the media and members of the public, with Justice Hall warning it would be contempt of court to communicate the details with anyone, including posting on social media.

Justice Hall will later determine which parts of the evidence can be published.
Forensic dentist Stephen Knott was the first witness called to testify on Thursday and said he confirmed the respective identities of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon at the mortuary.
Dr Knott said he wore protective clothing including overalls, boots, gloves and probably a mask for each examination.
“I was only involved with the oral area. I wasn’t involved with anything else,” he testified on Thursday.
Asked whether he touched Ms Rimmer’s hair, Dr Knott replied: “I don’t believe I did ... I wouldn’t have needed to.”
Dr Knott said the victims’ dentists, who also attended, did not touch them at all.

Edwards denies committing the murders, but admits abducting and twice raping a 17-year-old girl he dragged through Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 and attacking an 18-year-old woman as she slept in her Huntingdale home in 1988.

Muscles of the pharynx and cheek.

Sarah Anne McMahon, who was last seen leaving her work place at  Hugall & Hoile  in Claremont on the 8th of October, 2000 on the way to meet with  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich. Sarah Anne McMahon made a statement before she disappeared about her knowledge as to who was involved in the Claremont Serial Killings .... however the Western Australian Police, the Western Australian Government and/or the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia have never wanted to know what the statement of Sarah Anne McMahon was about  her knowledge as to who was involved in the Claremont Serial Killings 

The murders that rocked Perth_Sarah_Spiers_Jane-Rimmer_Ciara_Glennon

Bradley Edwards does not contest that his DNA was found on samples from Ciara Glennon's fingernail scrapings.

(Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)

Donald Morey, aka Matusevich

Left Photo: Jane Rimmer at around 11.50 PM 8th June 1996 talking to the Mystery Man at the Claremont Hotel

Right Photo: Appears to show the same mystery man with a long lens camera taking a photo of Jane Rimmer.

This makes one tend to believe that Jane Rimmer was specifically selected by the mystery man and his associates whom the mystery man most likely gave the photo of Jane Rimmer to.

Because the last known public sighting of ​Jane Rimmer, a 23 year old,  was by four university students at around 12.30 am Sunday 9 June 1996 walking down Stirling Highway, Claremont towards the direction of the City of Perth, near the corner of Loch Street, trying to hitch a lift .... it seems likely that Jane Rimmer was picked up by someone as she staggered down Stirling Highway, towards the City of Perth.

​The most scandalous thing is the police and the Western Australian mainstream media conspired for the last over 20 years to present a false and fraudulent impression to the Western Australian Public that the last known sighting of Jane Rimer was at around 12pm on the 8th June 1996 at the Claremont Hotel in the video footage that these above photos were taken from.... when it was reported in the new article

Titled : We Saw Jane Rimmer Hitchhiking - Student, Author:Andrew Clennellm Date: 19 June 1996, Publisher: Community Times, News Chronical, Nedlands Edition.

If the correct last sighting of Jane Rimmer provided to the public by all the Western Australian main stream media over the past 20 plus years, then other witnesses may have come forward to say they saw Jane Rimmer along Stirling Highway or even is the City of Perth, if Jane Rimmer made it that far ... that early morning of the 9th of June, 1996. .. the question that the Western Australian Police and the Western Australian Mainstream Media have to provide an answer to the families and friends of Jane Rimmer and the general public is ...

Why did  the Western Australian Police and the Western Australian Mainstream Media deliberately fabricate the last known sighting of Jane Rimmer ,,,,, by falsely constantly up to and even during the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards  ......... stating an untruth ... be falsely stating that the last known sighting of Jane Rimmer was at around 12pm on the 8th June, 1996 talking to the Mystery Man ... as per the above photo......?

Jane Rimmer

Who were the Claremont victims?
Sarah Spiers. Jane Rimmer. Ciara Glennon.
Three women whose names were etched into Perth's consciousness more than 20 years ago..

Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's far north in 1995. (ABC News)

Claremont serial killings trial:

Court hears only Ciara Glennon’s DNA initially found
PerthNow
January 31, 2020


A Lesson in DNA -The Podcast- 00:00 / 30:52

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-court-hears-only-ciara-glennons-dna-initially-found-ng-b881449656z
Scientists in the Claremont serial killings case initially only identified a victim’s DNA on a critical exhibit, WA’s so-called trial of the century has heard.

Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, has pleaded guilty to abducting a 17-year-old girl and twice raping her at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995, as well as another attack on a sleeping 18-year-old woman at her Huntingdale home in 1988.
But he denies murdering secretary Sarah Spiers, 18, childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, in 1996, and solicitor Ciara Glennon, 27, in 1997.
Prosecutors say there is fibre evidence against Edwards, and his DNA was allegedly found under Ms Glennon’s left thumbnail and left middle fingernail, as well as on swabs taken from the rape victim.

But his defence team claims contamination is an issue.

Scientist Anna-Marie Ashley, from forensic laboratory Pathwest, continued her testimony in the WA Supreme Court trial for a second day on Friday, describing in detail how she performed DNA extractions on Ms Glennon’s fingernails.
Ms Ashley said the usual practice was to securely store fingernail exhibits at room temperature.
The clippings went to the DNA lab and some were tested, including AJM42, which is Ms Glennon’s left middle fingernail.
Only Ms Glennon’s DNA was detected on the sample at that time, the court heard.
Ms Glennon’s left thumbnail, item AJM40, was not tested at the time.
The two exhibits are central to the case because when they were tested together years later they allegedly showed Edwards’ DNA.
Ms Ashley also testified on Thursday about how she tested exhibits in the rape case.

She will resume giving evidence on Monday.

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-court-hears-only-ciara-glennons-dna-initially-found-ng-b881449656z

Bradley Robert Edwards is on trial accused of being the Claremont serial killer. (ABC News)

Scientists in the Claremont serial killings case initially only identified a victim’s DNA on a critical exhibit, WA’s 

​The Podcast: The most crucial piece of evidence the prosecution has to try and prove Bradley Edwards’ guilt

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-killer-trial-podcast-the-most-crucial-piece-of-evidence-the-prosecution-has-to-try-and-prove-bradley-edwards-guilt-ng-b881449701z
A Lesson in DNA- The Podcast- PerthNow-  January 31, 2020
https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-court-hears-only-ciara-glennons-dna-initially-found-ng-b881449656z

Bradley Robert Edwards denies committing the crimes known as the Claremont serial killings. (ABC News: Anne Barnetson)

Sergeant Adam McCulloch was involved in the DNA examination of Ciara Glennon. (ABC News: Charlotte Hamlyn)

Joanne Lees with her boyfriend Peter Falconio, who was murdered by Bradley Murdoch in 2001. (AAP)

A Telstra-issued knife with an embossed logo was found near where Jane Rimmer's body was discovered in Wellard. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)

Son of the West Australian police commissioner has pleaded guilty to three violent charges committed against a woman, while three other offences have been dropped.
Russell Joseph O'Callaghan appeared in the West Australian District Court on Thursday via video link from Casuarina Prison.
THE son of WA Police Conmissioner Karl O’Callaghan has faced court on charges he threatened to kill his partner, while their five-year-old son was in the house.
Russell O’Callaghan, 33, appeared in Fremantle Magistrates Court on seven charges, including threatening to kill and deprivation of liberty.
The police prosecutor told the court Mr O’Callaghan is alleged to have held his partner captive in her Langford home for two and a half days, beginning on Sunday afternoon.
During that time he is alleged to have put metal scissors to her neck and threatened to kill her, grabbed her in a headlock and dragged her down the hallway, strangled her and punched her to the face and body.
It is alleged Mr O’Callaghan went to the woman’s house to stay on Friday night.
The couple got into an argument on Sunday and Mr O’Callaghan took the keys to the house, saying: “You’re not going anywhere, bitch. I’m not going anywhere.”
The court heard the doors to the house are always locked to prevent the couple’s autistic child from leaving.
At one stage Mr O’Callaghan is alleged to have pinned the woman to the floor.
When he allegedly held the scissors to the woman’s neck, he is alleged to have said:

​“I’m going to stab your f..king throat, bitch. I’m going to kill you. This is the end of your life, I am going to kill you.”
Police said Mr O’Callaghan left the house yesterday morning, and the woman ran to a neighbours and called police. Mr O’Callaghan was arrested yesterday afternoon.
In total, he has been charged with two counts of common assault, unlawful assault occasioning bodily harm in circumstances of aggravation, threatening to kill, depriving a person of their liberty and making a threat with an intent to hinder or prevent someone doing an act.
The police prosecutor opposed bail.
 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan pleads guilty to assault on a woman. 
 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan pleaded guilty to assault causing bodily harm, indecent assault and threatening to kill the woman.
The   court heard Russell Joseph O'Callaghan had removed the woman's underwear and threatened to rape her.
 Charges of threatening with intent to influence and deprivation of liberty were dropped, while a charge of sexual penetration without consent had been committed to the District Court, but never indicted.

 Russell Joseph O'Callaghan will face a sentencing hearing on January 5, 2016 - AAP 

  Missing Australia Women and Serial Killers

 Thread starter quickstraw - Start date Feb 5, 2014 
https://www.bigfooty.com/forum/threads/missing-australia-women-and-serial-killers.1048334/page-3

Sherlady Holmes, Draftee, May 14, 2015
More on my previous post peoples...
As I was saying, I believed it had to have been someone with access to other vehicles, (less suspicious using different ones with fake plates mounted).
Take for example Donald Morey and his connection to missing Sarah McMahon, (she worked in Claremont and went missing on the 8th November 2000). Morey was said to have known Sarah McMahon for some time prior to her disappearance. He was then 45, and she was in her 20's, and by her friends/family's accounts, his interest in her was 'creepy'. It also seems he was telling his friends Gareth and Marta Allen (owners of the Transport firm in Marangaroo that Donald Morey worked at) that Sarah McMahon was his 'new girl', despite the fact that he had a Defacto partner (called Lynne Bishop) that he lived with at weekends in a home in Chidlow.
On the day Sarah disappeared, Donald Morey was the last person to speak with her via mobile telephone, some ten minutes before she disappeared for ever. Under cross examination, Morey insisted that he never saw Miss McMahon at all that day, (allegedly he was at work fuelling, oiling, and washing vehicles) yet when Police pulled cell tower records from Telstra, both Morey and McMahons phones crossed over each other in the exact same location at the time she disappeared. The Police also investigated fuel cards from Morey's place of employment, and it was discovered that no fuel card purchases were made by Donald Morey on that day at all. Morey insisted his alibi was true, and told several more lies as if to support it.
Still, he was not charged with her disappearance.
Some time around this last investigation by the State Coroner for WA, (in 2012) several of the uncooperative former witnesses were ordered to appear on the stand in relation to Miss Sarah McMahon's disappearance and possible homicide.
One former witness (a former Prostitute) who had recanted her testimony several times, spoke of being called to Gareth and Marta Allen's home on Wednesday evening, the 8th November 2000, (the day Sarah McMahon disappeared forever). She spoke of being called over to 'clean up' and observed what she thought was a dead body on Morey's bed, she believed this to have been Sarah McMahon, and was said to have been told by Gareth Allen that 'Morey's gone and killed that young McMahon girl'. She said that Miss McMahon had a rope around her like she had been tied up, and was stained with blood, and was carried out in a quilt over Donald Morey's shoulder and put into the back of his 'white ute'.
Her initial testimony was recorded by Police several years prior, and back then it was noted she had sought alarm duress protection with the Police because she was being threatened by Gareth Allen, Morey's friend and then Employer.
Gareth Allen took the stand and said everything this witness (Tgave as evidence was just a 'beautiful story' but wasn't true.


Sherlady Holmes, Draftee, May 14, 2015
Not sure I'd be using the word 'beautiful' to describe the witness's 'story', hardly beautiful subject matter is it?
At any rate, further to this macabre story, Gareth Allen's wife Marta came forward some time after Sarah McMahons disappearance, to state that she had found a black bag at her and Gareth's home, that belonged to Donald Morey. At that time, Donald Morey was not staying in their house, he was in hospital suffering from 'chest pains'.
Upon discovery of the bag and its contents, (reportedly knives, several lengths of thin rope, gaffer tape and extreme SNUFF porn (porn depicting women tied up that looked to be dead and bloodied, but engaged in sexual acts with men), Mrs Marta Allen announced to her husband Gareth that she 'had to take this bag and show it to the Police'. Her husband Gareth is said to have told her to 'do what she felt she had to do'. However, within days or hours, (at any rate before the Police finally showed up to follow up her findings) Mr Donald Morey's (then De-facto) partner, Lynne Bishop arrived at the Allen couple's house and took the bag in question away.
Under follow up questions from the Police about what Lynne Bishop did with Donald Morey's work bag of horrors, she is said to have passed it on to some unknown male, who then passed it on to some other unknown male and so on and so on, (its sickening actually). I have to wonder, did the Police actually undertake a full search of Donald Morey's De-facto partner's home? If not, I wonder why??
Interesting that she just showed up at that convenient time to remove it, once the Police had been called, what a coincidence huh?
Must have been something in that workbag that Donald Morey urgently needed from his hospital bed hmmm???
Also interesting that she knew to turn up and retrieve it just before the Police arrived to lay claim to it's gruesome contents, my bet of course is that Gareth Allen rang Donald Morey's partner Lynne Bishop, and told her to come get the bag immediately because his wife had rung the Coppers about it, which would mean that both Gareth, and Donald Morey would be charged with the disappearance/murder of Sarah McMahon, in light of the contents of that bag, and the previous statements (retracted under threats from Gareth Allen) by the Witness (and former Prostitute and friend) Tracy Kendrick.
When you read Gareth Allen's wife Marta's statements about her association/friendship with Donald Morey, she spoke of him telling her he had been in the SAS and 'had killed before', he even stated he would kill his own friend Gareth, (her husband) after hearing a particularly nasty argument between Gareth and Marta.
He also liked to scare her with his stories, and on one occasion told her when alone with him in his vehicle, 'its just you and I now, are you scared?'
It is obvious from her accounts that she definitely knew he was capable of murder, and found him alarming, creepy and scary.
In the years after Sarah McMahon disappeared, it would seem that Donald Morey was still seeking the company of other women besides his Partner Lynne Bishop, namely Prostitutes.

Sherlady Holmes, Draftee, May 14, 2015

Yes, Mr Morey liked Prostitutes, but not in the way that other men liked them.
Sometime around 2001-2003, (not long after Sarah McMahon disappeared) a local Prostitute was murdered and her body thrown in the Canning Dam, Mr Donald Morey became a big Suspect in relation to this homicide but not enough evidence was ever presented to fully convict him with her death.
Unfortunately for Mr Donald Morey, it would seem he got a little too cocky and a little too careless when he later struck again in 2003 or 2004.
This time when he picked up a local Prostitute and took her to his favourite secluded spot to murder her, she fought back wildly, and actually got away from him, despite suffering bad injuries from his attack/attempted murder. This time, her evidence got him caught and convicted beyond reasonable doubt, and he received 13 years in prison for her attempted murder, the last of which he should still be serving if the creep is still alive.
Mr Morey still insisted under cross examination by the State Coroner in 2012 (in a last investigation as to the disappearance/homicide of Sarah McMahon) that Ms McMahon was alive and well and living in Canada or some other undisclosed location, ('to protect her life' pffft). He also stated that she had 2 children and he himself was in regular contact with her via his own phone.
All evidence presented pointed to his testimony being a huge lie, with absolutely no proof to back up his ridiculous insistent claims that she is still alive.
Perhaps it is a fantasy world he permanently resides in about Sarah being alive, simply because he can't quite forgive himself for killing this one.

Sarah McMahon was 20 when she was last seen in November, 2000.

Alleged DNA Samples that the prosecution allege belong to  Bradley Robert Edwards,

the defense claims the DNA Samples could be contaminated and unreliable for many different reasons

Kerry Turner's family pleads for answers 25 years after daughter's body found in bush
ABC Radio Perth By David Weber 28 Jun 2016

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-28/kerry-turner-family-plead-for-help-25-years-after-perth-murder/7549252

PHOTO: Kerry Turner's body was found in bush south-east of Perth in 1991. (Supplied: WA Police)

Key points:
Kerry Turner's body found near Canning Dam after night out in Perth
Her parents say they have not had closure
Police urge anyone with information to contact Crime Stoppers

The parents of a murdered Perth woman have joined police in a renewed plea for help to catch her killer nearly 25 years after their daughter was last seen alive.

The body of Kerry Turner, 18, was discovered in late July 1991 hidden behind a log in bushland in the Canning Dam area.
She was last seen getting into a car on Shepperton Road in East Victoria Park after a night out four weeks earlier.


The murder case is still open.
Ms Turner's father, John Turner, said he and his wife thought about Kerry every day, and said there was a "giant hole" in their lives.
"My wife Sue and I, we both feel as though we haven't had proper closure," he told 720 ABC Perth.
"We miss our Kerry so much and her tragic loss has left a gaping hole in our family that can never be filled, but we would really appreciate it if someone could come forward and provide information to Crime Stoppers."

Ms Turner had gone to Pinocchio's night club in Perth's Murray Street on the evening of Saturday June 29 with a girlfriend, but they became separated and police say Kerry mingled with different people during the night.
She caught a taxi from Murray Street to go home about 4:00am the following morning. The driver dropped Kerry off on the Causeway when he learned she did not have money for the fare.

Witnesses saw Ms Turner sitting on the curb on the Causeway and trying to hitch a ride.

She was eventually picked up by another taxi which dropped her off about 5:00am on Shepperton Road, opposite what is now Conca's Italian Restaurant.
Soon afterwards, a vehicle described by witnesses as similar to a dark-coloured or blue Datsun sedan pulled up next to Ms Turner. Another witness described the vehicle as a fawn-coloured sedan with spoked wheels.
Kerry was seen entering the car on the passenger side, and it continued south on Shepperton Road.

'She never came home'
Mr Turner said he did not know at the time Kerry was trying to hitchhike home.
"I always went out at any time to pick up my daughter and she knew that. So we don't know why she decided to hitchhike, but she did," he said.
"She never came home and you can imagine how that was for us. We were frantic, we were really worried for her safety."
Mr Turner said he thought it was likely the teenager knew the person driving the vehicle that she got into.
"[Kerry] was a lovely, bubbly person, a very happy person, I don't think she had any fear ... she was a close family member just doing the stuff that teenagers did," he said.
"And she didn't deserve to have happen to her what happened to her."

Investigators suspect there are still people who know what happened to Ms Turner, and believe someone who may have felt intimidated or uncomfortable coming forward in the 1990s may now be in a position to do so.
Anyone with information has been urged to contact call Crime Stoppers.
Topics: murder-and-manslaughter, human-interest, police, perth-6000

 Kerry Turner- UNSOLVED - The Kerry Turner Case - AUSTRALIAN TRUE CRIME
May 19, 2019, Samantha M
In 1991, 18 year old Perth local Kerry Turner went out for a night of clubbing with her friend Kylie. However, she lost Kylie in the Saturday night crowds, and had to make her way home alone, without any money to get her there. Kerry was last seen getting into a mystery car outside of Cafe Affair in Victoria Park. This would be the last time Kerry Turner would be seen alive. To this day, her case remains a mystery. Kerry Turner's body was found under a log near the Canning Dam ..... 

Was the DNA of Bradley Robert Edwards planted or accidentally contaminated with the DNA of Ciara Glennon by Axed PathWest scientist Laurie Webb who instructed the mortuary technician who clipped Ciara Glennon's fingernails during her post-mortem and/or Forensic Science Service in London?​

https://pathwest.health.wa.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx

http://forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com 
16 Upper Woburn Place, London, WC1H 0BS​, Johnathan Whitaker Head of Forensic Science Service in London​ Email: enquiries@forensicfirearmsconsultancy.com, Mark Mastaglio : +44 7919 217 848 - Angela Shaw : +44 7919 392 397


​Sacked PathWest technician Laurie Webb present during Ciara Glennon’s post mortem
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-sacked-pathwest-technician-laurie-webb-present-during-ciara-glennons-post-mortem-ng-b881436443z 

Shannon Hampton

West Australian Friday, 17 January 2020 

Who is Bradley Robert Edwards, the man on trial for the alleged Claremont serial killings in Perth? Image: Anne Barnetson.Source:AAP

Sarah Anne McMahon, made a statement about who was involved in the Claremont Serial Killings before she disappeared on the way to meet with career criminal Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, who has been publicly named as allegedly supplying $10,000 parcels of Crystal Meth to Sarah Anne McMahon, being a  commercial quantity, which could only be for the purpose of resale by  Sarah Anne McMahon on behalf of Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, and whoever he was obtaining these large amounts of Crystal Meth from.....
Because Sarah Ane McMahon worked in Claremont, one as to assume she was selling Crystal Meth for Donald Morey, aka Matusevich and his higher up illegal drug dealers to people in the Claremont and surrounding areas ... there is ample information that police in Western has been involved in the multi-million dollar illegal drug business in Perth, Western Australia ......  Sarah Anne McMahon made statement before she disappeared, on the 8th November 2000 that she was heavily involved with corrupt police and a criminal network using and selling illegal drugs and was the girlfriend of a senior police officer and was trying to become drug-free and get away from the evil network that she became involved with over time .... Sarah Anne McMahon made a statement that she and Donald Morey, aka Matusevich could drive around Perth in the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend, drunk and high on illegal drugs with large qualities of illegal drugs for sale in the car, and when the police ever pulled them over, as soon as the police realized that the car she was driving was the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend, she was allowed to drive away,  without her or  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, being charged with any criminal offenses of being drunk and high on illegal drugs and for having commercial quantities of illegal drugs in the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend ......
Sarah Anne McMahon in her statement named a senior police officer other police and a very rich and powerful Perth businessman as being involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings and that the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings involved the abductions of Julie Cutler, Kerry Turner .....
then after making the statement of her knowledge as to who was involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings, why they happened and who helped cover the truth and facts from coming out and stopped all those involved from criminal investigation and arrest .....  according to information presented at Sarah Anne McMahon's Inquest, that she disappeared on the way to a meeting with  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, on the 8th of November, 2000 ......one would have to assume that Sarah Anne McMahon was abducted and likely to have been murdered on the 8th of November, 2000 as a result of what  Sarah Anne McMahon knew about who was involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings, why they happened and who helped cover the truth and facts from coming out and stopped all those involved from criminal investigation and arrest ....

It seems fairly clear on the evidence that Sarah Anne McMahon was abducted and likely murdered because she knew too much about very powerful, well-connected people in Perth, Western Australia who have been involved in the multi-billion dollar illegal drug business that operates in Western Australia and the rest of Australia  and who was  involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings, 
The chilling words of Sarah Anne McMahon will forever haunt the general public in Perth, Western Australia when  Sarah Anne McMahon was asked why she hasn't gone to the authorities to them what she knows to help the authorities finally solve the burning question as to "who was involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings"...
" ... If I consent for my statement that I have now provided about who was involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings is handed to the authorities I would be dead in a week ... these people are simply too powerful ... one can not take them one or try to expose them ... they and their tentacles which go as high a MI6 and the CIA  are simply too powerful and even honest people in the system would also be too scared for themselves and their families to take them or try and expose them..."......Sarah Anne McMahon....
Even Donald Morey, aka Matusevich stated at the Sarah McMahon's inquest that Sarah's life was in danger if anyone knew where she was ......and thus helped Sarah leave Australia by illegal means to protect Sarah .....
..... whether Donald Morey, aka Matusevich murdered Sarah or helped her leave Australia with everyone believing Sarah was murdered .... Donald Morey, aka Matusevich was telling the truth that Sarah McMahon's life was in danger if anyone knew where she was ..... if Sarah is "...still alive and living overseas in Canada and has two children of her own"....  as claimed by Donald Morey, aka Matusevich ....
​. it also noted that a statement from Natasha Tracy-Ann Kendrick originally stated that Mr King, the owner of the house where Donald Morey, aka Matusevich was staying ..... that Don has to kill Sarah because she had broke the code of silence.....
https://www.coronerscourt.wa.gov.au/_files/Mcmahon_finding.pdf


RECORD OF INVESTIGATION INTO DEATH, Sarah Anne McMAHON, Alastair Neil Hope, State Coroner, Ref No: 47/2012

 Mr Hilderbrandt also claimed that on 6 November 2000 he was present when Ms McMahon received a telephone call on her mobile telephone which she had said was from Mr Morey. He claimed that at the end of the conversation she said, ‘… that she’d broken the code of silence over the phone’. He said that the reference to breaking the code of silence referred to saying his name and mentioning the drugs. According to Mr Hilderbrandt, Ms McMahon was ‘… very, very, scared’ (ts 81). There is, therefore, evidence which could explain why Mr Morey may have had reason to kill Ms McMahon.

THE ACCOUNT OF NATASHA KENDRICK: In her statement dated 11 November 2011 Ms Kendrick claimed to have seen a body at Mr Allen’s home at 2 Augustus Place, Marangaroo. On her account the body looked like Ms McMahon and it is clear from her statement that she was referring to Ms McMahon. According to her statement Mr Allen told her to come to the address at about 9.30pm on a night which must have been either 8 November 2000 or close to that date. In this account she stated that Mr Allen had said something like, ‘He’s gone and killed her’. She said she walked into Mr Morey’s room and saw a naked girl on the bed. She said that there was an ‘old fashioned rope’ around the girl’s neck. She stated that she later saw the rope on the bedroom floor and it was about a yard long.
She stated that the person looked dead to her and there was blood on her face and on her stomach. She stated that Mr Allen’s right hand was swollen and there were marks on his knuckles. She claimed that he said something like, ‘He had punched her in the head to shut her up but it didn’t’. 6 Later she stated that she cleaned the house. Ms Kendrick claimed that she saw Mr Morey carrying ‘something wrapped in a quilt over his left shoulder’.7 She said she knew it was the girl. Later she saw Mr Allen put the body in the bed of a utility and Mr Morey drove away.

​At the inquest telephone calls between Ms Kendrick and former detective Michael Bone, Ms Kendrick and her mother and the Ms Kendrick and her brother made shortly after she provided the statement were played. In these it is clear that the account which Ms Kendrick had given to police contained in this statement had been volunteered by her.  Ms Kendrick, for example, referring to her contact with the police told her brother ‘… I have done something positive’. In the telephone calls Ms Kendrick spoke at length of her interaction with police in very positive terms.

MR MOREY’S BAG: Evidence was given at the inquest by a number of witnesses that Mr Morey had a bag with sinister contents. Marta Allen, Mr Allen’s wife, claimed that at a time which appears to have been relatively shortly after Ms McMahon’s disappearance, she saw a bag which belonged to Mr Morey and which he regularly had with him. She claimed that inside the bag there were two rolls of dirty grey, used gaffer tape, four lengths of ropes with knots in the ends about two feet in length, two knives, one of which was Mr Allen’s pocket knife, two large rubber bands, one condom in a packet, two pornographic magazines, between five and seven key rings and a map. She claimed that the porn books contained pictures of men with blood on their genitals and women tied up who appeared to be dead. In evidence Mrs Allen described the pictures of these women in the following terms (ts 99): There was a magazine, a couple of them, they had pictures of women tied up. These women had red lipstick on or bright pink lipstick on, they had their mouths gagged, their eyes gagged or their eyes blindfolded. They had – they were naked and these girls looked dead. Mrs Allen said that she rang police about the bag as soon as she saw it, but it took them four days to get back to her and for someone to come to their house. In that time Mr Morey’s then partner, Lynne Bishop, had taken the bag. This account in relation to the bag was essentially supported by Mr Allen and Ms Kendrick, who claimed to have seen the bag and its contents at the Allen’s house.

​Ms Bishop in her evidence vaguely recalled the bag being given to her, but is confident that it was in her possession at some stage. She said she did look inside the bag and saw a magazine which contained, ‘a vision that I didn’t like so I just went straight, closed it like that’ (ts 119). She said that what she had seen was a pornographic picture. She said she thought she also saw rope and gaffer tape

Bradley Robert Edwards- who has been accused as being the sole person responsible for the abductions and murders of Sarah_Spiers_Jane-Rimmer_Ciara_Glennon, een though there is no evidence to prove that Sarah Spiers is dead, even though it is a reasonable assumption to ssay that 20 plus years after the last known sighting of Sarah Spiers, that she was abducted murdered.

Donald Morey, aka Matusevich
Sarah Anne McMahon made a statement that she and Donald Morey, aka Matusevich could drive around Perth in the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend, drunk and high on illegal drugs with large qualities of illegal drugs for sale in the car, and when the police ever pulled them over, as soon as the police realised that the car she was driving was the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend, she was allowed to drive away,  without her or  Donald Morey, aka Matusevich, being charged with any criminal offences of being drunk and high on illegal drugs and for having commercial quanities of illegal drugs in the personal car of her senior police officer boyfriend ......