The Latest in Claremont Serial Killings from The West Australian.

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings
‘DEBRIS’ CLAIMS: 
Doubt cast over Ciara Glennon’s post-mortem
A former mortuary technician has denied he was “less careful” during Ciara Glennon’s post-mortem than in any other case, saying the high-profile nature meant “you had to be a lot more aware”.
REVEALING INSIGHT:  
He enjoys it’: FBI-trained expert on Claremont killer
Serial killer experts Claude Minisni and David Caldwell were taken by detectives to the bush scene where Ciara Glennon’s body was discovered, WA’s trial of the century has been told
CLAREMONT TRIAL: Sacked DNA scientist called shots at post mortem
Axed PathWest scientist Laurie Webb instructed the mortuary technician who clipped Ciara Glennon’s fingernails during her post-mortem ... undoubtedly the most critical evidence in the case. Shannon Hampton
Claremont Trial Podcast: Evidence the case hangs on Post mortem process key to crucial evidence

Mallard prosecutor complaint passed on
 14 Aug 2009,

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2009-08-14/mallard-prosecutor-complaint-passed-on/1390544

PHOTO: Ken Bates stood down last month with a lucrative payout.

The body that oversees complaints against lawyers has referred a complaint against a former prosecutor at the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) to an eastern states senior counsel.
Ken Bates was facing disciplinary proceedings for his role in the wrongful murder conviction of Andrew Mallard when he agreed to end his contract 19 months early.
He received a payout worth hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Correspondence, tabled in Parliament yesterday, revealed the Legal Practitioners Complaints Committee has referred aspects of a complaint against Mr Bates to a senior counsel in the eastern states.
The correspondence also revealed the former DPP, Robert Cock, wanted to negotiate an early end to Mr Bates' contract because he believed the disciplinary process was unlikely to be completed within two years.
The shadow Attorney-General, John Quigley  (now Attorney General of Western Australia _2019/2020),

says the information calls into question Mr Cock's suitability for his new role as special counsel to the State Government.
Mr Quigley says the information reveals Mr Cock's desire to save the DPP from embarrassment by sacking Mr Bates.
"Mr Cock did not want the truth of what happened to Andrew Mallard to ever see the light of day. He should have stood Mr Bates' down years ago," he said.
He says he has advised Mr Mallard to seek the advice of an eastern states Queens Counsel (QC) over whether Mr Bates and the two police officers involved in his wrongful conviction should face criminal charges.
Mr Cock's employer, the Public Sector Commissioner Mal Wauchope, has been unavailable for comment.

Topics: law-crime-and-justice, government-and-politics, parliament, state-parliament, judges-and-legal-profession, wa, perth-airport-6105
First posted 14 Aug 2009,

John F Kennedy's motorcade in Dallas, Texas before his assassination.(Walt Cisco, Dallas Morning News)

MALLARD - Documentary (2008)
​When I was 19 I became friends with a man named Andrew Mallard, who had just spent the past 12 years in prison. As I slowly unraveled the shocking elements of his story, I felt compelled to make this short documentary. Though in truth, there is so much that I left out due to the magnitude of the case and of the vast twists and turns that I discovered. It contains just a fraction of the full tangled -web of murders and conspiracies that I discovered whilst making it. In the future I hope to tell the full story - and to tell it better than I did. ►Subscribe and click the bell to enable notifications for my new videos. http://bit.ly/DO-NOT-CLICK-THIS
Category: People & Blogs

John Quigley (left) and Andrew Mallard 

John Quigley (left) was instrumental in getting Mr Mallard's murder conviction quashed. (ABC News)

Carmel Barbagallo-the seniorDPP Prosecutor of Bradley Robert Edwards​

Billionaire Building Magnate Leonard Walter Buckeridge, the founder of the BCG Companies, with Colin Barnett, the then-premier of Western Australia and Tony Abbott. the then Prime Minister of Australia. The body language in this photo shows clearly that Len Buckeridge was the more powerful person of these three people .... it is clear that Colin Barnett, the then-premier of Western Australia and Tony Abbott. the then Prime Minister of Australia.  are looking up to Len Buckeridge as though Len Buckeridge is the King of Western Australia and Australia who has to absolute power as to whether they will be in power in the future... and while they are in power they both must obey the directions and instructions of Len Buckeridge.... 

Crown casino's links to Asian organised crime exposed
https://www.theage.com.au/business/companies/crown-casino-s-links-to-asian-organised-crime-exposed-20190724-p52ahi.html

Casino and hotel operator Crown Resorts went into business with tour operators backed by Asia’s most powerful organised crime syndicates as part of its program to attract Chinese high rollers to its casinos.
Crown, which is part-owned by one of Australia’s richest men, James Packer, may also have exploited weaknesses in Australia’s visa processes to fly VIP gamblers into Australia without sufficient vetting.
An investigation by The Age, The Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes can reveal that a criminal syndicate known as “The Company” used Crown-linked bank accounts and high-roller rooms to launder its funds, with Crown licensing and paying syndicate members to generate turnover in its Melbourne and Perth casinos.

Multiple sources claim Crown's desire to reap millions from the Chinese high-roller market led it to not only breach Chinese anti-gambling laws, but to partner with junket operators with links to drug traffickers, money launderers, human traffickers and Chinese government influence agents.

Junket operators are agents who specialise in marketing overseas casinos in China, recruiting high-stakes punters, arranging credit for them and, later, chasing bad debts.
Industry analysts, the US government and Australian law enforcement officials say some junkets are legitimate, but others are controlled by Asian organised crime groups known as triads.
The Company, an Asian organised crime conglomerate run by triad bosses, is estimated to have wreaked more harm in Australia over the last 30 years than any other drug importer, according to more than a dozen serving and former regional policing sources.

A federal police interview with one junket representative secretly working for The Company – Roy Moo – reveals he told investigators he was hired by The Company's Australian network “because of his contacts at Crown Casino”, “mutual trust,” and because laundering money through the casino was “easier than using a bank".
The 2013 interview was released to The Age, Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes in April by a Victorian judge. More recently, close ties between The Company and other Crown-licenced junkets have been confirmed by law enforcement sources.
For instance, a high-ranking Macau member of The Company, whom The Age and the Herald have elected not to name, has been directly licensed by Crown to operate in Australia as one of Crown’s junkets. He was paid $250,000 by Crown in 2016 in return for bringing high rollers to Australia.

In one trip in August 2015, this criminal identity flew into Crown Perth on a private jet with other Company members, including a notorious triad drug trafficker from Guangdong. The group turned over $800 million in a single trip, according to multiple sources.
Crown’s attempts to attract high rollers to its casinos in Melbourne and Perth was the target of sweeping Chinese government anti-corruption crackdown in October 2016 resulting in the arrest of 19 serving and former Crown employees in China.
Melbourne father-of-two Jason O'Connor – Crown's head of "international VIP" programs and one of its top executives – was among those convicted of promoting gambling, a criminal offence on mainland China where gambling is outlawed.

Sentenced to jail terms, O'Connor and two other employees were the last to be released from a Shanghai detention centre, in August 2017.

In a statement, Crown Resorts said that, as there was a class action by investors being pursued in relation to the detentions, it could not comment on specific allegations, though it denied any breach of China law and said it had not been charged with an offence in China. It "refutes any suggestion that it knowingly exposed its staff to the risk of detention in China".
Law firm Maurice Blackburn lodged the class action against Crown after its share price plunged when the employees were detained in China. Crown is defending the action, which alleges the company knew or should have known about the risks.
In addition to its own marketing staff, Crown for years relied heavily on junket operators to promote its casinos to Chinese high rollers, arranging them lines of credit and, later, chasing bad debts. Such activities are illegal in China.
Complex financial transactions, organised by the junkets, allows high rollers to gamble with millions of dollars, even though it is illegal to take more than $3000 off the Chinese mainland. Some of the junkets take advantage of this gambling money to launder their own funds or those of crime syndicates.

How junkets work
The Company's primary business is ice and cocaine trafficking but the Asia-based organisation has repeatedly exploited Crown’s reliance on junket operators to launder drug funds through Crown bank accounts or high-roller rooms.
The Company's members have controlled or exerted significant influence over at least three Crown-licensed junkets operating in Australia but headquartered in Macau or Hong Kong.
The exploitation of Crown by The Company for money laundering was first exposed in 2013 when federal agents arrested a licensed Crown junket representative, Roy Moo, and demanded Crown hand over CCTV of his transactions.

The vision, obtained via court order, shows Mr Moo dumping bundles of cash from a plastic bag at a Crown cashier to wire via Crown’s accounts to Hong Kong where it was collected by The Company’s drug shipment operations manager. Regional law enforcement sources say it is likely the money was used to finance further drug trafficking into Australia.
The Crown junket operator Mr Moo told police it was easier to move “black money” through Crown than a bank. He was jailed by the Victorian Supreme Court for laundering almost $1 million in funds for The Company.
But after his jailing, Mr Moo was quickly replaced by the other junkets controlled by the Company and which enable it and other triad groups to continue to launder cash through Crown, according to serving and former law enforcement officials from across the region.

On its relationships with junket operators and individuals, Crown's statement said, "Crown does not comment on its business operations with particular individuals or businesses," but that it has a comprehensive" anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing program in place, "which is subject to regulatory supervision by AUSTRAC."
Earlier this year, billionaire James Packer committed to sell half his stake in Crown in May to Macau gaming magnate Lawrence Ho for $1.76 billion. Packer still owns 36 per cent of the $8.6 billion company, but is selling down to 20 per cent in September.

Through his lawyers, Mr Packer said last week he “adamantly” insisted he had no knowledge of the conduct of the company's operations in China.
Mr Packer, who has suffered from mental health issues, has not held an executive position at the company since 2012.  He was chairman of Crown Resorts until August, 2015, and a board member until December that year. He played only a “passive role” at Crown, according to the lawyer’s letter.


Crown’s Barangaroo casino hotel project in Sydney is due to open in 2021 and will depend on the Chinese high-roller market for a substantial portion of its profits.
Investigations like this require bravery, determination and your support. Know the story as it continues to unfold. Subscribe to The Age or The Sydney Morning Herald from only $3.50 per week.

Wikipedia Exposed Media - WEM www.wikipediaexposed.org

FREEDOM TO PROVIDE FACTS, INFORMATION, OPINION AND DEBATE WIKIPEDIA EXPOSED MEDIA - TRUTHFUL NEWS MEDIA, ENCOURAGE OPEN DEBATE

​​The men accused of the Claremont killings
A number of men were in the frame for the shocking crimes, including one who was relentlessly pursued as the prime suspect. 
The Claremont serial killer investigation and the wrong men caught up in a massive murder probe
By Andrea Mayes

 16 Nov 2019

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-11-17/claremont-serial-killer-trial-the-wrong-suspects/11147118

PHOTO: Police appealed for public help on multiple occasions. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon all went missing from Claremont. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Police undertook checks on all Perth taxi cabs. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Taxi driver Steven Ross was questioned by police investigating the murders. (ABC News) PHOTO: Lance Williams was considered by police for many years to be the prime suspect in the Claremont serial killings.
PHOTO: Police staked out Lance Williams' house for more than a year. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Reporters converge on Lance Williams' parents' house in Cottesloe, seeking interviews. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Peter Weygers' Claremont home was searched by police. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Mr Weygers wanted the Continental Hotel to upgrade its security. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Bradley Murdoch came under police scrutiny for the Claremont murders, but was ruled PHOTO: Don Spiers (l) in front of a billboard appealing for help to find his missing daughter Sarah. (ABC News)out. (ABC TV)

PHOTO: Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland at Wellard, south of Perth. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Polygraph machines were among the tools used in the investigation. (ABC News)

PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards will face trial accused of the Claremont serial killings. (Supplied: Central Crocs Football Club)
PHOTO: Police outside the Kewdale house where Bradley Edwards was arrested. (ABC News: Robert Koenig-Luck)


For more than 20 years, it was the notorious murder case many assumed would never be solved.
The disappearance of three young women in eerily similar circumstances from the upmarket Perth suburb of Claremont in the mid-1990s spooked the city like no other case before or since.
Sarah Spiers, 18, was the first to vanish in January 1996, followed by 23-year-old Jane Rimmer in June the same year and Ciara Glennon, 27, in March 1997.
The women had all been enjoying nights out with friends and each had farewelled their mates and headed home before abruptly disappearing.
No trace of Ms Spiers has ever been found.
Ms Rimmer's body was found in bushland in Wellard, on Perth's southern fringes, in August 1996, nearly two months after she was last seen alive.
Ms Glennon's body was found in the city's northern outskirts on April 3, 1997, less than three weeks after she disappeared.

After that, there was nothing.
No more young women went missing from the area in the same way and there were no more apparent breakthroughs in what was now openly referred to as a serial killer case.
The taxi driver
Taxi drivers were one of the first groups to come under suspicion in the case.
With all three young women thought to have been planning to get taxis home from Claremont, drivers were the obvious first place to start.
The only problem for police was the sheer number of taxi drivers.
In the pre-ride-sharing era, taxis were the only choice for late-night revellers trying to get home and Perth had more than 3,000 of them registered in 1996.
Thus began a massive police campaign to try to investigate every Perth taxi driver.
Background checks were conducted on all drivers in the city and their cabs were searched, leading to 78 of them losing their taxi licences.
Thousands of drivers voluntarily submitted to fingerprinting and giving saliva samples in Australia's first mass DNA-testing exercise.
But the samples collected from drivers didn't match the evidence police had collected. There was no breakthrough.

One driver to attract police attention early in the piece was Steven Ross, who had told officers he believed he had given Ms Spiers a lift the night before she disappeared.
Mr Ross lived in a granny flat at the back of a house owned by then Claremont mayor Peter Weygers, who would himself also come under suspicion in the case but has never been charged.
He said he had been driving taxis on the nights the three women disappeared, but always maintained his innocence.
He was interviewed by police but not arrested.
Then in 2004 his home was raided by Macro Task Force officers and his taxi was seized for forensic analysis. He was forced to provide a DNA sample.
Mr Ross said at the time he believed police "want a taxi driver to be charged" over the murders.
"They're trying to frame me. They can't find the killer and they're trying to put someone away," he said.

The public servant

By September 1997, police had begun to hone in on one particular suspect — a mild-mannered public servant with some odd behavioural quirks.
Lance Williams, then aged 41, lived with his parents in beachside Cottesloe, adjacent to Claremont and home to the Ocean Beach Hotel, where both Ms Spiers and Ms Rimmer had been drinking on the nights they disappeared.
The unremarkable looking middle-aged man had never been married, had recently been treated for depression following the death of a friend and came across as socially awkward and eccentric.
It had been six months since Ms Glennon went missing and Claremont remained the focus of heavy police attention, with dozens of uniformed and undercover officers present in the area after dark.
Mr Williams attracted their attention because of his habit of cruising around the streets of the affluent suburb after dark on weekends in his white Hyundai.
Undercover female officers were a major part of the police operation in Claremont. It was hoped that the officers, dressed like the throngs of other young women who flocked to the area to socialise at night, would attract the attention of the serial killer.
When Mr Williams gave one of the officers a lift in the early hours of the morning after she asked him where the nearest bus stop was, police had reason to pay close attention to him.
They began secretly watching him day and night.
Then in the early hours of Sunday February 5, 1998, they pounced, arresting him as he drove through Claremont's central entertainment precinct.
Detectives would spend more than 12 hours interrogating Mr Williams that night and well into the daylight hours — without him having a lawyer present.
However, the interrogation was not fruitful and, lacking evidence to lay charges, police released him.
But Mr Williams was far from off the hook.
By that stage officers had been watching him covertly for months — now their surveillance of him became round-the-clock, both at home and at his workplace in the Main Roads Department.
His parents' home was searched and parts of their backyard dug up, and both his car and his parents' cars were forensically tested.
It didn't take long for the media to get wind of it.
Hungry for a new development on the case, the media's focus on Mr Williams became almost as relentless as the police's, and the farcical spectacle of Mr Williams leaving his home being tailed by police vehicles, which were being tailed by news cars, became a regular occurrence.
Mr Williams was hounded by reporters, as was his family, with his elderly parents forced to contend with packs of journalists and cameramen descending on their modest bungalow seeking interviews.
When it emerged Mr Williams had failed a polygraph, or lie detector, test administered by US expert Ron Homer, the media frenzy went into overdrive.
The fact that polygraph test results were not permitted to be used as evidence was irrelevant — finally police appeared to have made a breakthrough.
Mr Williams was ambushed by reporters as he left work, who asked him point blank if he was the serial killer as he tried to protest his innocence.
"All I had was concern, you know, that there was women walking around Claremont on their own late at night, specially from what had happened all the years before," he said.
That night, he was described on TV as the prime suspect in the Claremont case — a tag Mr Williams would wear in the minds of the public almost until the end of his life.
While police ended their round-the-clock surveillance of him in 1999, they were still undertaking searches of his home as late as 2004.
But nothing changed the fact that there was no evidence he committed the crimes.
In February 2018 Mr Williams died of cancer, aged 61.

The Mayor of Claremont
At the time of the women's disappearances, Peter Weygers was mayor of the Town of Claremont and president of the Civil Liberties Association of WA.
As mayor, he copped a lot of criticism from people including Ms Glennon's grieving father, Denis, that the streets of Claremont were unsafe and that not enough security measures were in place to protect people after dark.
The problem for Mr Weygers was that his passionate belief in civil liberties meant he publicly objected to the use of security cameras to "spy" on citizens and the mass screening and DNA collection from taxi drivers.
Mr Weygers called on Club Bayview and the Continental Hotel to do more to improve security at their own venues and attacked the police's relentless focus on Mr Williams.
This position cost Mr Weygers his mayoral position in the 1997 Claremont Council elections and by this time he was also a person of interest in the police investigation.
While Mr Weygers had a strong alibi on the night Mr Glennon disappeared, having been at a late-night council meeting, he was unable to produce alibis for the nights Ms Spiers and Ms Rimmer went missing.
Police kept him in their sights.
In 2004, ahead of an independent review of the Macro taskforce and its methods, police raided homes he owned in Embleton and Claremont, including a property where his friend Mr Ross lived.
Extensive forensic tests were conducted on the houses, including checking for bloodstains, prompting Mr Weygers to accuse officers of victimisation.
"It's the most outrageous abuse of a fundamental right, a basic civil liberty … It's a gross invasion of privacy, a gross invasion of your right to have some anonymity," he thundered at reporters as police searched his home.
Mr Weygers was not arrested and no charges have ever been laid against him.

The other suspects
Police themselves were not immune from suspicion.
"We make no secret about the fact we have interviewed serving police officers," Macro chief Inspector Dave Caporn said early in the investigation.


"People aren't beyond suspicion just because they might be employed as a police officer."


Bradley Murdoch
Bradley Murdoch, the man who killed British backpacker Peter Falconio and abducted and assaulted his girlfriend Joanne Lees in the Northern Territory in 2001, was investigated by Macro at one point.
Born in Geraldton, Murdoch had worked as a truck driver and mechanic while living in Broome, but police ruled him out of their inquiries when they realised he had been in jail at the time of the first two murders.

UK man Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner, was another to come into the frame for the Claremont murders while working as a chef in WA during the 1990s.
After returning to the UK he raped and stabbed to death 18-year-old model Sally Anne Bowman after she left a nightclub in Sussex in 2005, and police said it was likely he had committed other crimes while in WA.

But he was officially crossed off the suspect list in December 2006, with police saying he was not in the state at the time Ms Spiers disappeared.

Profiling a 'next-door neighbour' killer
At its peak, more than 100 officers were assigned to the Macro Task Force and money came pouring in at an unprecedented rate.
The State Government provided additional policing resources, plus a foundation established by business friends of Denis Glennon went on to raise a reported $850,000.
This money changed the course of the investigation.
It allowed police to utilise innovative investigative techniques sourced from around the world, including a controversial lie detector machine — used on scores of suspects — and criminal profiling, which had been featured in the Oscar-winning Hollywood thriller The Silence of the Lambs.
Experts trained with the FBI and US police outlined personality sketches of the killer, which described him as a highly organised person who probably planned the murders meticulously.


Victorian police criminal profiler Claude Minisini said he would more than likely have a job and drive a recent-model car, and was probably comfortable mixing in the lively after-dark Claremont social scene. He would not frighten those he came into contact with.

David Caldwell, head of forensics at South Carolina police, said the suspect was probably quite different from the image people expected of a serial killer.
"This person is probably very bright, very much in control of himself, has all of the outward appearances of a very stable person," he outlined during a press conference in his distinctive southern drawl.
"This is probably a very pleasant, normal appearing person.
"I daresay that when this guy is arrested, I guarantee that people are going to be absolutely astounded.
"They're gonna say, 'I worked with this guy. He's my next-door neighbour. Surely it can't be?'"


Polygraph expert Ronald Homer, a former FBI agent, was also flown in from the US twice to help Macro detectives test suspects.
Polygraph tests measure changes in blood pressure, breathing and sweat gland activity as a suspect is asked a series of questions, but there is widespread scepticism about their validity and accuracy, and concern they can be used to coerce the innocent into false confessions.
They are not permitted as evidence in Australia, but police defended the tests as an important screening tool to eliminate people from their inquiry.

One final suspect — the Telstra technician
The year 2016 marked 20 years since the first victim, Ms Spiers, went missing.
By this time the Macro Task Force had been subjected to at least 11 independent reviews, none of which had apparently uncovered the smoking gun.
While its detectives continued their work, people were beginning to give up hope the Claremont serial killer case would ever be solved.
Then on a hot December afternoon, just three days out from Christmas 2016, came the bombshell news many thought they would never hear.
Macro detectives had raided a home in the Perth suburb of Kewdale and had taken a 48-year-old man into custody in connection with the Claremont killings.
The following morning police held a press conference to announce the man, Telstra technician Bradley Robert Edwards, had been charged with the murders of Ms Rimmer and Ms Glennon.
He was also charged with violent attacks on two other young women in 1995 and 1988, including twice raping a 17-year-old at Karrakatta Cemetery after abducting her from Claremont.

In February 2018, Mr Edwards was additionally charged with the murder of Sarah Spiers.
He has pleaded guilty to the 1988 and 1995 attacks, but continues to plead not guilty to the three murder charges.

His trial begins on November 25.
Topics: murder-and-manslaughter, law-crime-and-justice, courts-and-trials, perth-6000, wa, claremont-6010

Murdered Irish woman Ciara Glennon called 'a truly special person' as suspected serial killer charged
Ciara Glennon was just 27 when she disappeared after a night out in 1997

https://www.irishmirror.ie/news/irish-news/crime/murdered-irish-woman-ciara-glennon-9590927
By Kathy Armstrong - 9 JAN 2017

Ken Bates stood down last month with a lucrative payout.

Mr John Quigley (now Attorney General of Western Australia _2019/2020)

 says the information reveals Mr Cock's desire to save the DPP from embarrassment by sacking Mr Bates.
"Mr Cock did not want the truth of what happened to Andrew Mallard to ever see the light of day. He should have stood Mr Bates' down years ago," he said.

Murdered Irish woman Ciara Glennon called 'a truly special person' as suspected serial killer charged

Ciara Glennon was just 27 when she disappeared after a night out in 1997 
By Kathy Armstrong - 9 JAN 2017
https://www.irishmirror.ie/news/irish-news/crime/murdered-irish-woman-ciara-glennon-9590927 
 The heartbroken Irish Dad whose daughter was strangled by a suspected serial killer nearly 20 years ago says it’s “bittersweet” that someone has finally been charged with her death.
Ciara Glennon was just 27 when she disappeared after a night out in her home city of Perth, Australia in March 1997 and tragically her body was discovered in bushland weeks later.
Her death was linked to the disappearances of two other women from the same area in just 15 months and sparked a high profile police hunt, dubbed the Claremont Killings.
On December 23 Bradley Robert Edwards was charged with the murders of Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer.
Edwards was also charged with attacks on other women, including two counts of deprivation of liberty, two counts of aggravated sexual penetration without consent, one count of breaking and entering and one count of indecent assault.

Ciara’s devastated dad Denis - who is originally from Westport in Co Mayo - welcomed the development but admitted it’s difficult.
He told Perth Now: “This is a very raw and bittersweet time.
“We are being updated by the WA Police, and hence it is best that I do not comment on the recent developments.”
Ciara - whose mum Una is from Co Monaghan - was a lawyer at Blake Dawson Waldron firm.
She had been out celebrating St Patrick’s Day with three colleagues on the night she disappeared.


One of them was senior partner Neil Fearis, who spoke fondly about Ciara and how her future was snatched from her.

He said: “She was a truly special person, in every respect.
“A gifted young lawyer, a popular and fun-loving workmate, a loyal friend and a devoted daughter and sister.
“It’s difficult to register that had Ciara not been taken from us she would now be 46 and quite possibly a mother to teenage children.
“Rarely do such bright stars cross our firmament; even more rarely is their trajectory cut so tragically short.”

Edwards has been remanded in custody and is due to appear in court again on Wednesday.
This has been one of the longest and most expansive investigations in Australian police history.
Western Australia Police Commissioner Karl O’Callaghan said: “I should point out that the investigation into the disappearance and suspected murder of Sarah Spiers on January 27, 1996, is ongoing, as are inquiries into other matters.

“So there is still much work to be done, but this has already been the biggest and most complex police investigation in WA history.
“Hundreds of police officers have worked on this case over the 20 years.
“I want to pay tribute to the Sarah Spiers, Ciara Glennon and Jane Rimmer families and the victim of the 1995 attack for their patience and understanding during the investigation.”

Perth trial of alleged killer of Irish woman hinges on DNA
Bradley Robert Edwards (50) charged over death of Ciara Glennon (27) in March 1997Sun, Nov 24, 2019
https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/perth-trial-of-alleged-killer-of-irish-woman-hinges-on-dna-1.4093688 
[Ciara Glennon: was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared. File photograph: PerthNow]
Ciara Glennon: was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared. File photograph: PerthNow

A sole piece of DNA evidence from an Irish woman killed in Australia more than 20 years ago could hold the key to one of the most anticipated trials in the country’s history.

Bradley Robert Edwards (50) will appear before a Western Australian court on Monday charged over the death of Ciara Glennon, whose family are originally from Westport in Co Mayo.
Ms Glennon (27) disappeared on the night of March 14th, 1997, after celebrating St Patrick’s Day with friends in the upmarket suburb of Claremont, Perth.
Her parents, Denis and Una Glennon, identified their daughter’s body three weeks later after it was found in bushland, 50km north of Perth.

A postmortem on her body revealed the cause of death was consistent with a neck injury such as a laceration.
In an update published in early November, Western Australian supreme court justice Stephen Hall allowed state prosecutors to submit late evidence of DNA material found under the fingertips of Ms Glennon.

‘Claremont serial killings’
Prosecutors will allege the DNA belongs to Mr Edwards, who is also accused of the murders of Sarah Spiers (18), and Jane Rimmer (23), who also both vanished from the Claremont area in the mid-1990s. The killings were later dubbed the Claremont serial killings.
The state is expected to argue Ms Glennon scratched Mr Edwards’s face before he murdered her, with the DNA allegedly located underneath her fingernails when her body was found.
The prosecution will call on UK-based Principal Forensic Services scientist Jonathan Whitaker, who will consider whether that DNA was a result of passive social contact, or the scratching of a person.

Mr Edwards’s defence lawyer Paul Yovich has previously stated he would challenge the DNA evidence, claiming it could have been contaminated.The DNA evidence is expected to form a crucial part of the trial, as it is the single piece of such evidence the state has in relation to Mr Edwards.
 Justice Hall – who will preside over the non-jury trial, expected to last six months – also allowed fibres from Ms Glennon’s hair, which prosecutors allege matched those from the same model of Holden Commodore Mr Edwards was driving when he was employed as a technician for Telstra at the time of her death.

Talented lawyer

Ms Glennon was a young lawyer at the Blake Dawson Waldron firm in Perth when she disappeared.
She grew up in the leafy suburb of Mosman Park after her family emigrated to Australia when she was six. Ms Glennon had taken some time off work to travel the world, including visiting relatives in Ireland.
She returned to Perth in February 1997 to be a bridesmaid for her sister Denise, but was killed before the wedding date.
Una and Denis Glennon have attended almost every pre-trial hearing. The Glennon family have been media-shy, but when Mr Edwards was arrested in late 2016 Mr Glennon told Perth media it was a “very bittersweet” moment.
“This is a very raw and bittersweet time,” Mr Glennon said. “We are being updated by the WA Police, and hence it is best that I do not comment on the recent developments.”

Mr Edwards had pleaded not guilty to the murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon.

[A headshot of Paul Yovich in a white shirt wearing sunglasses.] 

Defence lawyer Paul Yovich argues DNA contamination in the laboratory cannot be safely ruled out. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)

Explosive claims by Edwards' defence team casts crucial DNA into doubt
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/explosive-claims-by-edwards-defence-team-casts-crucial-dna-into-doubt-20191126-p53ef0.html
By Heather McNeill
November 27, 2019 

Mr Yovich said if Justice Stephen Hall cannot be satisfied that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under Ciara’s fingernails, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her; and if he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered Jane or Sarah whose cases largely hinge on the DNA link.

Forensic evidence the prosecution intends to rely on to convict the accused Claremont serial killer has been thrown into doubt by Bradley Edwards’ defence lawyer.
Explosive statements made on Tuesday, the second day of Mr Edwards’ triple murder trial, claimed at least four forensic exhibits taken from the crime scenes where Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies were found in 1996 and 1997 were contaminated while in the state’s Pathwest lab.
It has also been revealed Laurie Webb, a senior DNA analyst who was fired from Pathwest in 2016 for "cutting corners" during testing was among those involved in the collection and handling of Ciara's fingernail exhibits.
Mr Webb was in 2017 found guilty of four serious charges in unethical behaviours for failing to have DNA results verified by their required protocols. The breaches were described by Attorney General John Quigley as "unprecedented in Western Australia's criminal justice history".

Mr Edwards' trial, expected to run for six to nine months, will likely hinge on the state’s DNA evidence in relation to Ciara.

Defence lawyer Paul Yovich, during his opening address, launched an attack into the credibility of that evidence by highlighting other Claremont-related exhibits that had been contaminated under Pathwest's watch.

He claimed a sample taken from a log near Jane’s body was in 2002 tested and a partial profile was found that matched the victim of a completely unrelated crime.

Intimate swabs taken from Jane and Ciara were examined by Cellmark in the United Kingdom in 2017 and on each occasion, the DNA of a different male Pathwest scientist was detected.

An internal report by Pathwest into the cross-contamination conducted in 2018 found there was no direct documentation that the scientist had tested the items but he was in the vicinity at the time.

One of the samples taken from underneath Jane’s fingernails was also contaminated and uncovered the presence of yet another a male Pathwest scientist’s DNA profile.

In each case the contamination wasn't detected by Pathwest in their controls at the time or for many years after the samples were originally processed and examined.

Mr Yovich claimed the examples of cross-contamination, or secondary contamination, cast doubt over the sole piece of DNA evidence the state is relying on at trial – that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under the fingernails of Ciara’s left thumb and left middle finger which had both been ripped off in an alleged struggle with her killer.
“The defence is simple - it wasn't him," he said.
"The defence accepts that the mixed DNA profile extracted from the sample that became AJM40 and AJM42 is consistent with a two person profile, the contributors of which are Ms Glennon and the accused," he said.
"Your Honour will have to consider the possibility of cross-contamination with other exhibits at Pathwest that did have the accuseds' DNA on them."

DNA retrieved from under Ciara’s fingernails has been exhausted through numerous examinations and extractions over the past 22 years as DNA technologies advanced.

Some of those testings were detailed in the Supreme Court of WA on Monday.

The crucial DNA evidence in the state's case is a combined sample from Ciara's left thumb and left middle finger – referred to as AJM 40 and AJM 42 respectively.
AJM 40 when originally tested in 2003 revealed ‘debris only’, however a more complex DNA test carried out in the U.K in 2008 allegedly revealed a mixed DNA profile of Ciara and a male profile which matched that of the then-unknown 1995 Karrakatta rapist.
AJM42 underwent ‘primitive’ gene testing in 1997 and only Ciara’s profile was detected. In 2004, further testing of the sample in New Zealand for the presence of any Y chromosome detected no male DNA.
However by 2008, when combined with the AJM 40 sample and retested, a mixed DNA profile allegedly containing Mr Edwards’ profile was detected.

Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo claims the forensic scientists who examined the 2008 exhibit described the sample as “distinct and clear” and determined there was a one in 80 million to 100 million likelihood the male DNA found under Ciara’s fingernails originated from someone other than Mr Edwards, or someone he was related to.
She claimed any suggestion the DNA exhibits from the Karrakatta rape could have contaminated Ciara’s exhibits were “fantasy”.

"DNA doesn't just fly through a laboratory, it cannot get through plastic," she said.
"The mechanisms and the opportunity simply doesn't exist in the objective facts of the case.
"At no time did the [Karrakatta rape victim's] exhibits occupy the same bench, box or shelf as Ciara Glennon's."

Mr Yovich said if Justice Stephen Hall cannot be satisfied that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under Ciara’s fingernails, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her; and if he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered Jane or Sarah whose cases largely hinge on the DNA link.

The state alleges it also has fibre evidence linking Ciara and Jane’s murders to the Karrakatta rape offence.
Its case for the murder of Sarah is circumstantial and relies on Justice Hall concluding that one person was responsible for the three women’s murders due to the similarities in how they disappeared.
Mr Edwards has pleaded not guilty to the murders of Sarah Spiers, 18, Jane Rimmer, 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, who all disappeared
from Claremont in the mid-1990s.

John Button's car was damaged three weeks before the murder of his girlfriend Rosemary Anderson.(Supplied: WA Police)

Billionaire Building Magnate Leonard Walter Buckeridge, the founder of the BCG Companies, wearing a political badge in the Tally Room at the Western Australian State Election, which normally only has politicians and their families and political staff,  where Len Buckeridge was given a political badge by his Freemason Brother and Friend Richard Court, who was elected as the Premier of Western Australia wit the financial support and help of Len Buckeridge and his BGC Group of Companies 

Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon,  who after an over 20 investigations by the NTY Claremont Serial Abduction and Killing Legal and Investigation Team, are believed to be all connected in various ways and should all be considered are part of what the world knows as the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings 

Claremont serial killer trial shown video of key DNA evidence taken from Ciara Glennon's body
By Andrea Mayes
17th January 2020
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-17/crucial-claremont-dna-evidence-bradley-edwards-ciara-glennon/11870532
PHOTO: Ciara Glennon disappeared in March 1997 after leaving a hotel in Claremont. (Fairfax Media)
PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards denies murdering three women. (Facebook: KLAC)


Video showing the moment crucial pieces of evidence were taken from the body of lawyer Ciara Glennon during a post-mortem examination have been shown to the WA Supreme Court at the trial of the man accused of killing her and two other women.
PHOTO: Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's northern suburbs. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Forensic police examine the bush crime scene where Ms Glennon's body was found. (ABC News)
PHOTO: The three women disappeared between 1996 and 1997. (ABC News)

Bradley Robert Edwards, 51, is accused of the wilful murders of 27-year-old Ms Glennon, 23-year-old Jane Rimmer and 18-year-old Sarah Spiers between 1996 and 1997.
The prosecution's case depends heavily on samples taken from Ms Glennon's fingernails, from which DNA was extracted.
The samples, which became identified as AJM 40 and AJM 42, were found to contain a mixed DNA profile matching two people — Ms Glennon and Edwards.
The post-mortem examination video shown in court today was deemed too graphic for the public and was only made visible to the judge, senior legal personnel and Edwards.

Fingernail DNA led to breakthrough
Former state mortuary manager Robert Macdermid, who cut Ms Glennon's fingernails during the autopsy, gave evidence as the video was played and said former PathWest forensic biologist Laurie Webb was also present during the examination.

In January 2009, Mr Webb made a significant breakthrough in the Claremont case, linking the DNA found under Ms Glennon's fingernails to that found on a swab taken from the 17-year-old victim of a violent rape at Karrakatta Cemetery.
On the eve of the trial, Edwards sensationally admitted to that rape and the separate assault of an 18-year-old woman, but has continued to plead not guilty to the murders.

At one point during the post-mortem examination of Ms Glennon's body, 

Mr Macdermid was heard on the video saying, "I can't get them Laurie, I can't get them".
When asked what he was referring to,

Mr Macdermid said it had initially been difficult to cut the nails because he was using a pair of scissors which were too big for the job.

He had earlier used the same pair of scissors to cut Ms Glennon's clothing from her body.
He then switched to a smaller pair to cut the nails.

Second body in mortuary during autopsy
Under questioning from state prosecutor Sam Hollingsworth, Mr Macdermid said instruments used in autopsies were cleaned between use and the theatre was cleaned rigorously with disinfectant before each examination.

When cross-examined by defence counsel Paul Yovich SC, Mr Macdermid said it was not common for mortuary instruments such as scissors to be routinely cleaned between use on different parts of the same body.

He said they would be cleaned if they got especially dirty and between post-mortem examinations on different bodies.

Mr Yovich asked Mr Macdermid if another body could be seen on a gurney in the background of the vision.
He agreed that a body bag could be seen in the video.

Court given insight into Glennon's private life
Yesterday the court was shown a series of intimate photographs of the bedroom and personal items belonging to Ms Glennon.
Senior Sergeant Alexander Wells, who in 1997 was a constable in the crime scene unit, testified he had gone to the home Ms Glennon shared with her parents in the riverside Perth suburb of Mosman Park to photograph and collect items that might help police in their search for her.

The 27-year-old was reported missing by her family when she failed to return home after drinks with her work colleagues in Claremont on March 15, 1997.
Her body was found in coastal scrub in Eglinton, north of Perth, nearly three weeks later, on April 3.
Photographs taken by Sergeant Wells on March 16 showed Ms Glennon's bedroom containing a double and a single bed, a desk with a small portable TV on it and built-in robes.

Clothes were strewn across the single bed, there were numerous pairs of shoes on the floor. A wall-mounted shelf held a painting, a dried flower arrangement and a large round-handled wicker basket.
A black satchel-style handbag was on one of the beds — in which police found a hairbrush, scrunchie and a tissue — as was a novel.

Other items seized from the bedroom and an adjoining bathroom included friendship bands, hair ties, a gold-coloured toothbrush, a learner's driving permit and a greeting card.
Photographs of the bathroom showed a bottle of face cream, body scrub, shampoos, soaps and hair ties.
Items of interest listed on a sheet partly compiled by Sergeant Wells also included a fur sample from Ms Glennon's dog, Danny, as well as a sample from her sister Denise's dog, Pierre.
Ms Glennon had returned to Perth from a year of overseas travel in order to be a bridesmaid at Denise's wedding.
But she vanished before the marriage took place, leaving her devastated family to hold the wedding without her a fortnight after her disappearance.
The trial before Justice Stephen Hall continues.

Claremont Serial Killings Trial podcast Day 27: The Evidence the State’s Case Hangs On
The West Australian
Friday, 17 January 2020

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-day-27-the-evidence-the-states-case-hangs-on-ng-b881436718z


Ciara Glennon's fingernail clippings are the key pieces of evidence the prosecution have to say why they'll prove Bradley Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer. The court heard from the mortuary manager who collected those key pieces of evidence.
 
***WARNING: Graphic Content***
Ciara Glennon's fingernail clippings are the key pieces of evidence the prosecution have to say why they'll prove Bradley Robert Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer.
The reason why they're so crucial, is because DNA found under those fingernails contained the DNA of the accused, and the prosecution say it got there because of a struggle.
When Ciara Glennon’s body was found on April 3, 1997, she also had defensive wounds on her arms and hands, indicating she fought for her life.
On day 27 of the Claremont Serial Killings trial, the court heard from the mortuary manager who collected those key pieces of evidence. Dr Robert Macdermit, who had conducted more than 10,000 autopsies during his career, clipped Ciara's fingernails, and detailed the grim task that was conducting her post-mortem.

In that autopsy, Ciara's hair mass was also taken, a gruesome task which was explained in full to the court by Dr Macdermit. Ciara's hair is also an important piece of evidence for the prosecution, because several blue and grey fibres, which they say are from the Telstra uniform and Commodore station wagon used by Bradley Edwards at the time.
However, during his cross examination it was revealed Dr Macdermit could have driven a commodore to the post mortem that day.
The defence also noticed what looked like another body present in the room of the time of Ciara's post-mortem. They also got Dr Macdermit to admit they used the same utensils for different body parts, which were rinsed off during the procedure.
Join Natalie Bonjolo, Tim Clarke and Alison Fan as they explain the details of day 27.
If you have any questions for the Claremont in Conversation team, send them in to 
claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au
For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to 
https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings

TV stations in Western Australia cover-up for corruption for police and judges
gabreil1974
corrupt judges and cops get special treatment from TV stations in Perth, Western Australia 

I was framed for murder, says Mallard
27 Sep 2010
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2010-09-27/i-was-framed-for-murder-says-mallard/2275496

The man wrongfully convicted of murdering West Australian woman Pamela Lawrence says he still suffers abuse from members of the public who think he is "some sort of psycho".
In 1995, Andrew Mallard was convicted of the brutal murder of the Perth wife and mother and sentenced to 20 years in jail.
He served 12 years in prison until the combined efforts of a journalist, politician and a team of high-profile, pro bono lawyers finally saw him exonerated.
On ABC 1's Australian Story, Mallard speaks on camera for the first time, describing the circumstances leading up to his wrongful imprisonment and the torment he endured during his incarceration.
"I was wrongfully imprisoned. There's a stigma that goes with that and still goes with that," he tells the program.
"I know what they did to me and it's the truth. They framed me for a murder I did not commit."

Journalist Colleen Egan had worked on the Mallard case for two years when she became convinced there had been a miscarriage of justice.
"There probably are still people out there who believe that Andrew did it. There probably always will be," Ms Egan said.
"
It was just a cruel twist of fate that put him on a collision course with this inquiry and it was just a matter of fact that there were police who were willing to act dishonestly.
"There was a prosecutor willing to run a case that wasn't quite right, and there were three judges who refused to believe it when evidence was put in front of them, and they saw what the High Court saw."


Desperate in her efforts to find new evidence, she took a risk in seeking the assistance of shadow attorney-general John Quigley, who had been the WA Police Union's lawyer for 25 years.
Soon Mr Quigley, with his intimate knowledge of policing practices, made a breakthrough, finding crucial evidence never revealed to the defence.
"There was never a moment that I thought that this is too long or this is too hard," Mr Quigley said.
"I was by this stage driven by both anger and acute embarrassment - acute embarrassment of the legal profession and the judiciary in Perth, that I'd been part of this whole system for 30 years."
Mallard's supporters were devastated three years later when, despite the new evidence, a fresh appeal to the WA Supreme Court failed.

Andrew Mallard was wrongfully imprisoned for the murder of Perth woman Pamela Lawrence. (Australian Story)

Darryl Beamish with his wife Barbara in 2011. (Supplied: West Australian)

Jane Rimmer talking to the Mystery Man 

Mallard case tarnished us: DPP
31 Jul 2009


https://www.abc.net.au/news/2009-07-31/mallard-case-tarnished-us-dpp/1373180
PHOTO: Last day: Departing DPP Robert Cock. (ABC)

Western Australia's outgoing Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) says a bigger effort must be made to improve the image and performance of the office.
Robert Cock stands down from the position today, ending 10 years at the helm.

In that time, Mr Cock says he has always been conscious of improving the office's performance.
But he admits that aim was made harder by several cases, including the wrongful imprisonment of Andrew Mallard over the murder of Mosman Park jeweller Pamela Lawrence.
Robert Cock says the recent disclosure that Ken Bates, a top prosecutor in the Mallard case, had quit and was being paid out more than $250,000 has also tarnished the office.
"The failure to disclose relevant material has really been a blight on the office and its performance," he said.
Mr Cock says he hopes a new breed of prosecutors will improve the agency's reputation.
"I've always seen my legacy as not represented as a number of particular cases, but rather as the strength of the systems that have been put in place and the younger staff who now populate most of the office," he said.
"... I think the immediate demands on the next person to sit in this seat is to ensure that staff are properly trained and we have good processes to ensure compliance with the regime that we've built."
His last official duty will be an appearance in the High Court in Perth this morning.
Topics: police, government-and-politics, states-and-territories, law-crime-and-justice, courts-and-trials, murder-and-manslaughter, wa, australia

Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon

​The women disappeared in 1996 and 1997 in the ritzy western Perth suburb, Claremont in an area that was a hub of activity.
Sarah Spiers was just 18 years old when she became the first victim in the Claremont serial murders.
She left a nightclub in Claremont, Club Bayview, on Australia Day 1996 and called for a cab from a payphone at 2.06. By the time the taxi arrived at 2.14am, she had disappeared. Her body has never been found.
On June 6 of that year childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, disappeared from the same Claremont pub – Club Bayview after declining a lift with friends.
Her body was found two months later August 3 in dense bushland south of Perth. She was found naked, partially decomposed and covered with leaves and twigs.
The third incident occurred early the following year on March 15, 1997. Ciara Glennon, a 27-year-old lawyer, disappeared from Claremont's Continental Hotel, just 200 metres from Club Bayview in the same party precinct.
She wandered out onto the Sterling Highway, potentially in search of a taxi. A witness told police they saw her talking to someone in a car. When the witness looked back a moment later, Ciara and the car were both gone.

Crown's Barangaroo casino, under construction. CREDIT-RYAN STUART

WA trials are fairer now after the injustice meted out to Mr Mallard, Jim McGinty says. (Australian Story)

THE DEADLY EFFECTS OF Crystal Meth
In the long term, meth use can cause irreversible harm: increased heart rate and blood pressure; damaged blood vessels in the brain that can cause strokes or an irregular heartbeat that can, in turn, cause cardiovascular2 collapse or death; and liver, kidney and lung damage
https://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/crystalmeth/the-deadly-effects-of-meth.html

The short-term and long-term impact of the individual
When taken, meth and crystal meth create a false sense of well-being and energy, and so a person will tend to push his body faster and further than it is meant to go. Thus, drug users can experience a severe “crash” or physical and mental breakdown after the effects of the drugs wear off.
Because continued use of the drug decreases natural feelings of hunger, users can experience extreme weight loss. Negative effects can also include disturbed sleep patterns, hyperactivity, nausea, delusions of power, increased aggressiveness and irritability.
Other serious effects can include insomnia, confusion, hallucinations, anxiety and paranoia.1 In some cases, use can cause convulsions that lead to death.

Long-range damage

In the long term, meth use can cause irreversible harm: increased heart rate and blood pressure; damaged blood vessels in the brain that can cause strokes or an irregular heartbeat that can, in turn, cause cardiovascular2 collapse or death; and liver, kidney and lung damage.
Users may suffer brain damage, including memory loss and an increasing inability to grasp abstract thoughts. Those who recover are usually subject to memory gaps and extreme mood swings.

METH HARM
SHORT-TERM EFFECTS

Loss of appetite
Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
Dilation of pupils
Disturbed sleep patterns
Nausea
Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
Hallucinations, hyperexcitability, irritability
Panic and psychosis
Convulsions, seizures and death from high doses

LONG-TERM EFFECTS
Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain, high blood pressure leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
Liver, kidney and lung damage
Destruction of tissues in nose if sniffed
Respiratory (breathing) problems if smoked
Infectious diseases and abscesses if injected
Malnutrition, weight loss
Severe tooth decay
Disorientation, apathy, confused exhaustion
Strong psychological dependence
Psychosis
Depression
Damage to the brain similar to Alzheimer’s disease,3 stroke and epilepsy

paranoia: suspicion, distrust or fear of other people.

 1. paranoia: suspicion, distrust or fear of other people.
2. cardiovascular: related to both the heart and blood vessels.
3. Alzheimer’s disease: a disease affecting some older people that is accompanied by memory loss.


REFERENCES
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Statistical Bulletin 2008
Interpol report on Methamphetamine, 27 September 2005
“Methamphetamine Facts & Figures,” Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008
Narconon International information on methamphetamine, www.narconon.org
Newsweek, “The Meth Epidemic: Inside America’s New Drug Crisis,” 8 August 2005
State of Hawaii, Office of Lt. Governor news release, 31 October 2007
“County knocks meth use,” 9 July 2008, SignonSanDiego.com
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration news release, 15 February 2008
United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime report on Methamphetamine, 1998
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System 2007 study, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration report on Methamphetamine, October 2005
U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse report on Methamphetamine, May 2005
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime World Drug Report 2008
“National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment 2008,” National Drug Intelligence Center, U.S. Department of Justice

Bradley Edwards's lawyer, Genevieve Cleary, at court for his committal mention.

​Barrister at Law since Sep 2015

https://www.linkedin.com/in/genevieve-cleary-857227106/?originalSubdomain=au
Genevieve’s Profile:  linkedin.com/in/genevieve-cleary-857227106

Steve Vickers,-Former Royal Hong Kong Police Intelligence Department commander, - now the chief executive of Hong Kong risk consultancy Steve Vickers and Associates. CREDIT:60 MINUTES

Cooke with detectives outside the Cottesloe home of Brian Weir, whom he shot in the head.

Cooke shows detectives where he hit and killed Rosemary Anderson with a stolen car.

Mr Weygers wanted the Continental Hotel to upgrade its security. (ABC News)

A memorial marks the spot on the Broome Highway where Josh Warneke's body was found. (ABC Kimberley: Ben Collins)

Andrew Mallard had found love before US hit-and-run death, says friend who helped exonerate him
By Nicolas Perpitch
 21 Apr 2019

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-20/andrew-mallard-told-family-he-had-found-love-before-us-death/11033684

PHOTO: Andrew Mallard, who was freed from prison in 2006, has been killed in a crash in LA. (ABC News)
PHOTO: John Quigley holds up a letter of apology from WA Police to Mr Mallard in 2006, flanked by Grace (left) and Jacqui Mallard. (AAP: Adam Gartrell)

Key points:
Andrew Mallard was killed when he was struck by a car in LA on Thursday
His friend Colleen Egan says he had just found some happiness before his death


Mr Mallard's wrongful conviction saw WA laws changed to make trials fairer


Andrew Mallard struggled to adapt to life after being freed from 12 years in jail but told his family in the last week he had found love and was going to get married.
Tributes have been paid to Mr Mallard, 56, after his death in a hit-and-run crash in Los Angeles.
He was hit by a car on the iconic Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood after leaving a bar late on Thursday night and could not be revived.
Mr Mallard had been visiting his fiance during a trip from his new home in Britain, where he moved after being exonerated in 2006 of the murder of Perth jeweller Pamela Lawrence — a crime he was wrongfully convicted of and which led to him spending 12 years behind bars.

His close friend Colleen Egan, a former journalist, was the first with his family to start fighting for his innocence.
"I suppose it's bittersweet that maybe he was feeling some happiness at the time that he was taken," she said.
"Now for him to die in these circumstances, it's just a tragedy."

Mr Mallard's death has left his 92-year-old mother Grace and sister Jaqui Mallard heartbroken.
For many years, Egan and Mr Mallard's family thought they would never be able to prove his innocence, and worried he would die in jail.
"He spent 13 years since then of freedom, and it's just sad that he didn't spend more time outside jail," she said.

They sought the help of former police union lawyer and then-Labor backbencher John Quigley, who was eventually able to disclose evidence that had not been heard at Mr Mallard's original trial and was instrumental in securing an appeal.
A hard transition from jail
On November 15, 2005, the High Court ruled there had been a miscarriage of justice, citing the "non-disclosure or suppression of material evidence in the hands of the police and thus available to the prosecution".


Two months later, Mr Mallard was freed.
But life out of prison was difficult, even with a $3.2 million compensation payment.
He struggled with the fact he had spent so much time in a maximum security jail and Egan said he suffered post-traumatic stress.
"Having spent most of his 30s and some of his 40s in prison, he really just wanted to find a family and settle down and find someone to love and have that happy ever after, I suppose," Egan said.
But that chance at contentment and peace was cut short because of what appears to be a completely random traffic incident.

LAPD offers reward in hunt for hit-and-run driver

Los Angeles detectives are scouring Hollywood businesses and homes near the crash scene for camera footage in a bid to identify the driver who struck and killed Mr Mallard around 1.30am on Thursday.
"The victim was crossing the street and was struck by a vehicle and the driver failed to render aid," LAPD spokesman Mike Lopez said.
"We do not have a description of the vehicle."
The LAPD has called on members of the public who witnessed the crash or know the identity of the driver to come forward.
A reward of up to $US25,000 ($35,000) has been offered for information leading to the offender's identification, apprehension and conviction.
The LAPD believes the driver was heading east on Sunset Boulevard, while Mr Mallard was walking south across Sunset Boulevard along Formosa Avenue.
"The investigators will do what they can to see if there is any type of video footage or any type of surveillance video they might be able to find in the area," officer Lopez said.
"It's a felony hit and run, which is a big crime here."


Mallard case left lasting legacy: McGinty

Jim McGinty, who as WA attorney-general agreed to refer Mr Mallard's case to the High Court, said dramatic changes to WA's disclosure laws were a lasting impact of Mr Mallard's wrongful conviction
"That I would hope cannot happen today, because of the new disclosure laws which make it mandatory for the prosecution the police and the DPP to fully disclose any information they have," Mr McGinty said.
"Today it's embedded in our criminal justice system, there's no more ambushes, there's no more withholding of information, whether it's pro or con the information must be disclosed.
"And our trials today in Western Australia are very much fairer.
"We changed the law here to reflect the injustice that was meted out to Andrew Mallard."
ABC/AAP
Topics: death, police, crime, law-crime-and-justice, perth-6000, wa
First posted 20 Apr 2019,

Ciara Glennon was the third young woman to disappear from Claremont in 15 months. (Fairfax Media)

Billionaire Building Magnate Leonard Walter Buckeridge, the founder of the BCG Companies

Why hasn't Carmel Barbagallo-the senior Director of Public prosecutions for Western Australia  and Head Prosecutor of Bradley Robert Edwards​,m
brought the witness that saw a taxi at the scene of where the body of Ciara Glennon was found in dense bushland 45kms north of Perth. The taxi had its headlights off as it turned off Pipidinny Rd, Eglinton, on to Wanneroo Rd in the pre-dawn darkness, the Two Rocks resident told The Sunday Times. He said he had to hit his brakes to avoid hitting it.


Claremont serial killer: Taxi clue to Ciara Glennon’s death... 

It seems like Carmel Barbagallo is doing what Ken Bates did in the Andrew Mallard Trial ...

.... only show the court the evidence and witnesses that fits into claim by the Police and DPP  for Western Australia.......

that Bradley Robert Edwards was the sole person responsible for the abduction and murder of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon.


This evidence fits in with information given by Sarah McMahon, as well as  Noel Geoffrey Coward who was interviewed by the Special Crime Squad in December 18 2014 at Curtin House. 


 For many years Noel Geoffrey Coward has been urging police to look closely at a former taxi driver from Fremantle known as ''Taxi Tony' and a girl called 'Michelle' being involved in the Claremont Serial Killings  which included information the girls went missing to make snuff movies sold for large money overseas, who  he brought to the police's attention after the abduction and murder of Ciara Glennon in 1997..

 “Primarily I don’t trust them,” he said. “... because they had not, in my opinion, investigated the original evidence I supplied...".. stated Noel Geoffrey Coward ..


......it seems that then police did not want to arrest anyone for the Claremont Serial Killings until Sarah Anne McMahon and Noel Geoffrey Coward  had died or disappeared  ..


.......it is noted the girl Andrew Mallard stayed within Mosman Park was called Michelle... who lived in a flat in Monument Street, near where the screams were heard the night Sarah Spiers disappeared ... who needs to be interviewed by the police  in regards to her whereabouts on the night Sarah Glennon disappeared and whether Michelle also heard the screams as Michelle lived in Monument Street, Mosman Park near where the screams were heard from ... Noel Geoffrey Coward stated that every time one of the girls disappeared Michelle travelled to Eastern States for a while ...  

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/claremont-serial-killer-taxi-clue-to-ciara-glennons-death-ng-b80af943b3f4b839a9956cdffd1aa3ab

JOHN FLINT- PerthNow -January 3, 2015 -

 ​http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/western-australia/claremont-serial-killings-wa-police-quiz-new-people-request-dna-samples/story-fnhocxo3-1227168035093 

JOHN FLINT, PerthNow - December 27, 2014 ....


...also why hasn't  former Assistant Police Commissioner David John Caporn and retired Inspector Ferguson, been called on to the witness stand in the trial of Bradly Robert Edwards as they are both clearly material witnesses being previous heads of the Macro Task Force ?

Polygraph machines were among the tools used in the investigation. (ABC News)

Bradley Edwards admitted two charges of attacking women in Perth in the 1980s and 1990s. (ABC News: Anne Barnetson)

UK man,  the famous convicted murdered good looking Mark Philip Dixie

Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner, was another to come into the frame for the Claremont murders while working as a chef in WA during the 1990s. After returning to the UK he raped and stabbed to death 18-year-old model Sally Anne Bowman after she left a nightclub in Sussex in 2005, and police said it was likely he had committed other crimes while in WA.

Comment by the NYT CSK Investigation Team: 

It is understood from information from an insider of the Five Eyes Secret Services Group,  that Mark Philip Dixie is an asset of MI5/MI6 and this is the reason why Mark Philip Dixie had no problem flying in and out any country, any state under assumed names and was able to get away with a lot of criminal activities in Australia and allowed to leave Australia ...... it is understood that Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner obtained a job as a cook in the Cottesloe/Claremont area and Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner found it easy to win the confidence of females because of his magnetic personality and good looks ... one can not discount the possible involvement of Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner, in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings ....... regardless of the fact that the police say that Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner, was living in the Eastern States at the time that Sarah Spiers disappeared .....  Mark Philip Dixie, also known as Shane Turner, could well have been the man that Steven Ross, the taxi driver stated that went to the Windsor Hotel in South Perth, with Sarah Spiers, the night before Sarah Spiers disappeared and also could have been the man that was seen with a girl that looked like could have been Sarah Spiers in an apartment block in South Perth, the morning Sarah Spiers disappeared .... 

​The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence.

​Australia: ASIS, ASD, ASIO, AGO, and DIO

​​Canada: CFINTCOM, CSE, CSIS
New Zealand: GCSB, NZSIS, MI5, MI6, SIS, 

​​ United Kingdom: DI, GCHQ, 

​United States: CIA, DIA, FBI, NGA, NGA

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes


​Note: One can not assume that the person or people involved in the abduction of Sarah Spiers is the same person or people involved in the abductions and murders of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ..... and one can not assume that the reason for the  abduction and/or murder of Sarah Spiers .... was the same reason for the  abductions and murders of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ....

It seems odd that the Sarah Spiers has never been located, and yet the bodies of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon .were left in places which were easily found  and not hidden under the ground, in water, and/or disposed of in some other way ...  so they would not be found ..... by leaving the bodies on top of the ground just covered with leaves and bushes .... where they could be found relatively easily   has made made it easy for the police to produce some sort of alleged DNA of a person they want to allege to be the sole person responsible for what they call the Claremont Serial Killings (CSK) ..... 

It may well be that what ever reason and purpose for the abduction of Sarah Spiers ... which we have a few possibilities on our investigations files ... ... it may well be that the abductions and  murders of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon,  may well have been done to help create an impression that there was one person who was the Claremont Serial Killer and deliberately left two bodies  in places where they would be likely to be found, so that a person who had a history of sexual crimes could be eventually  framed with some type of falsified DNA evidence ......  those involved may have arranged for a person or people to keep an eye out for vulnerable drunk girls, who were alone late at night or early hours of the morning, who were trying to get home from the Claremont Hotel and/or  Bay View Night Club. or be trying to get ot the city of Perth to party on further .... 

The Western Australian Police, the Western Australian Government and/or the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia have never been interested in the information on the investigations files of the NYT CSK Investigation Team that relate to the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings, ,and the abduction and/or murders of Julie Culter, Kerry Turner and Saran Anne McMahon...


One can not have any sympathy for Bradley Robert Edwards because  of his self confessed involvement  in the serious sexual crimes he has admitted to .... and as a result has placed himself in a situation to able to be accused of being the Claremont Serial Killer ....... the criminal sexual activities of Bradley Robert Edwards, gives every reason for the police and the public to have every reason that Bradley Robert Edwards could well be the sole Claremont Serial Killer .... and based on his now very public profile would be a perfect person to be set up ...... with false DNA evidence ..... to be made to look like the person who would be capable and likely to be the sole person who abducted Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon ... and may well have been involved ..... however the information that the NYT CSK Investigation Team have indicate that even if Bradley Robert Edwards is involved in one way or another in the abduction of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon ...  then he is only a small part of the larger jig saw puzzle ......  and there are other well connected and powerful people involved as well ...  that are a lot higher up in the food chain than  Bradley Robert Edwards ..... even if Bradley Robert Edwards was in some way involved in the abductions of  Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon .... it does not mean that he was the person that killed Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon  ..... it would be extremely difficult for Bradley Robert Edwards to say ... if he knew .... who were the people higher up in the food chain involved in the abductions and  murders of Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon ....  because Bradley Robert Edwards would know that ...... as  Sarah Anne McMahon stated ".... If I go and tell the authorities what i know as to the well connected powerful people that were involved in the Claremont Serial abductions and  murders .... I would be dead in a week .. these people are simply too powerful to try and expose and take on ..." ....  so if  Bradley Robert Edwards was in some way involved in the abductions of  Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon, but was not the murderer  ... but knows who was ..... then Bradley Robert Edwards, would also know if he spoke up about what he knows, he also would be dead in the near future.... 

We see a picture that it will not matter too much to the Western Australian Police, the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia, the Government of Western Australia and/or the powerful people involved in the Claremont Serial abductions and  murders .. .... whether Bradley Robert Edwards is found guilty or nor for being the Claremont Serial Abductor and Killer ..... even if His Honour Justice Stephen Hall brings down a not guilty verdict on all charges, other than the charges Bradley Robert Edwards has pleased guilty for .... the reality is that the Western Australian Police the Western Australian Police, and the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia, and Carmel Barbagallo, the senior Director of Public prosecutions for Western Australia, the head Prosecutor of Bradley Robert Edwards, the Government of Western Australia and/or the powerful people involved in the Claremont Serial abductions and  murders ​ .. have achieved their main purpose at the cost of over $100 million paid for by the people of Western Australia ..... that is to convince that Bradley Robert Edwards is the sole person responsible for the  the abductions and  murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon  and other missing and murdered girls in Perth, Western Australia during the late 1980's and 1990's....

However, regardless of whether Bradley Robert Edwards is the real and sole  Claremont Serial Killer, His Honour Stephen Hall should issue the strongest punishment possible against Bradley Robert Edwards according to Western Australian Law for the sexual crimes that Bradley Robert Edwards has pleased guilty for .....  also Bradley Robert Edwards deserves no sympathy for being accused of being the Claremont Serial Killer, because had Bradley Robert Edwards not committed the most serious horrendous sexual crimes he has pleased guilty for ... .... it would have been difficult for Bradley Robert Edwards to have been arrested for being the Claremont Serial Killer ....  even if he is being used as a scapegoat for more serious crimes that he has not committed ... the Western Australia Police and the DPP for Western Australia tend to set up and accuse  people of false charges when they have a history of being involved in similar types of crimes .. for example when they set up the Micklebergs for the Great Perth Mint Swindle, the police knew that  they were involved in creating a false golden nugget,m which they sold to Allan Bond, even though it was their own gold .... and they had not originally created the false gold nugget for the purpose to sell to any one ....  but in the end they did admit to a gold fraud, and this made it easier to set the Mickleberg Brothers up for the  Great Perth Mint Swindle ... we know of a particular case where a young man was arrested for a bank robbery in Perth, Western Australia  .. which he did commit ..... however the Western Australia Police offered the young man the following deal ...  " ..... if you admit to not only committing the bank robbery that you did commit ..where you robbed the ANZ Bank of $50,000 ... but you also sign a statement that you stole $250,0000 from the ANZ Bank, when you in fact only stole $50,000 from the ANZ Bank .... and you also sign a statement that you committed three other bank robberies that you did not commit .... then we will make sure the judge only gives to 5 years prison time on the top, and you will be out on parole within around 3 years ..... if you do not agree to this deal .. we will make sure that the Judge gives you 20 years prison time and you will spend between 14 to 20 years in prison .... " .. the young man explained to the NYT Investigation Team that the reason why the police wanted him to sign a statement that he stole $250,000 from the ANZ Bank, when he only stole $50,000, was because the bank then could be paid out $250,000 insurance for the robbery, rather than just $50,000 .. that way the bank manager, the bank and the police could share in the extra $200,000 insurance money paid out as a result of the bank robbery.... then the police also wanted to clear up the other unsolved bank robberies off their investigation books, which the police knew who had committed these bank robberies and wanted to protect them from being charged and wanted to close their investigation files relating to these unsolved bank robberies ... the police also wanted the young man to sign a statement relating to the other bank robberies that he did not commit...  to say that he stole a lot more money from these other three banks, than was actually stolen from the banks..... that way the banks, the bank mangers and the police could share in the larger insurance payout that the banks would receive as a result of the inflated bank amounts that the young man falsely stated that he stole ...


Corruption and Code of Silent Mentality in the Western Australian Police Service

The assumption that the detectives in the police robbery and drug squads are always honest and have integrity is not always correct .. this is clear from the NYT Investigation files .... we are not saying all police are corrupt, but there is a certain amount of police that are corrupt in Western Australia, and other places around the world ... the other serious problem is the Code of Silent Mentality in the Western Australian Police Service and other police services around Australia and around the world .... this means that when other police officers that are no corrupt, see corrupt and wrongful behaviour of other police officers, they will not speak up about what they saw and/or heard because of this Code Of Silence Mentality .in the Western Australian Police Service, in other Australian Police Services and in other police services around the world.......

however, don't just believe what we say about a certain percentage of the Western Australian Police being corrupt ..... and not always honest .... the current Attorney General for Western Australia (in 2018/2020), John Quigley has made public statements when he was shadow Attorney General for Western Australia, that a certain percentage of the Western Australian Police are corrupt ..... and went on further when talking publicly about the Andrew Mallard case on the Andrew Mallard Documentary ..


​Public comments made by John Quigley the Attorney General for Western Australia about the serious corruption in the Western Australian legal system

These are some of the Public comments made by John Quigley the Attorney General for Western Australia about the serious corruption in the Western Australian legal system and comments by the late Andrew Mallard, that can be played on: 
http://www.wikipediaexposed.org/bradleyedwardstrial_p.4.html 

Andrew Mallard received $3.25 million in compensation from the WA Government for spending 12 years wrongfully in prison for a murder he did not commit... 
but last year he was run down by a hit and run driver in Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, Los Angeles, USA,  and died from the car accident..
which is very sad ...
Andrew Mallard was paying expensive barristers in Sydney to push to have the police officers which included former assistant police commissioner David John Caporn ...... and the prosecutor who was formerly senior DPP prosecutor Kenneth Paul Bates .......
charged with a criminal conspiracy to pervert the course of justice for manufacturing and presenting false and misleading evidence and withholding material evidence at the murder trial of Andrew Mallard ....
We are suspicious that the hit and run driver that ran down  Andrew Mallard did it deliberately for powerful people that  Andrew Mallard was against ...... 
because of the killing of Andrew Mallard in Los Angeles in 2019, will stop the high priced Sydney barristers Andrew Mallard was pushing to have the police officers which included, former assistant police commissioner David John Caporn ...... and the prosecutor who was formerly senior DPP prosecutor Kenneth Paul Bates .......
charged with a criminal conspiracy to pervert the course of justice for manufacturing and presenting false and misleading evidence and withholding material evidence at the murder trial of Andrew Mallard ....
What John Quigley, the Attorney General for Western Australia has publicly said when he was shadow Attorney General... on the Andrew Mallard documentary .. 
 .."...  the tentacles of this corrupted system in Western Australia get tangled around your throat .... as you tear one corrupt tentacle off .... another slithers around your throat  ..,, you simply have no chance fighting the corrupted police, legal, court and prosecution system in Western Australia ...” .

 John Quigley stated on the Andrew Mallard Documentary ....
” ... to win Andrew Mallard's appeal would expose serious police corruption ....  and the WA police will do everything to cover their tracks of corrupt behaviour ..... Andrew Mallard was.  an infirm person ...... who had been picked on by a group of very powerful and very dishonest police officers, who threw Andrew Mallard in prison for a long period of his life ... we will only have a chance of winning Andrew Mallard's appeal, if we get back to the High Court in Canberra, where the tentacles of these powerful corrupt group running the police, court, prosecution and legal system in Western Australia ..... do not reach ..... and because there will be no Western Australian Judge that would overturn Andrews Mallard's wrongful conviction, because the consequences of doing so would be to identify the whole of the Western Australian police, prosecution and court system being corrupt ..... and no Western Australian Judge would have the balls to say that ..... because Perth is so anal......  and the tentacles of this corrupted system in Western Australia get tangled around your throat .... as you tear one corrupt tentacle off another slithers around your throat  ..,, you simply have no chance fighting the corrupted police, legal, court and prosecution system in Western Australia ...” .... John Quigley .. the Attorney General of Western Australia ..


Statement by the late Andrew Mallard who was killed in 2019 in Los Angeles by a hit and run driver  

”...I don’t believe there’s an infallible justice system in Western Australia because you are dealing with some people who make mistakes and some people are bad in the legal, court, prosecution and police system ....”..... Andrew Mallard 

Michael Kirby says he would support a body to review criminal cases where there are allegations of miscarriage of justice. (ABC News)

Denis Glennon and Don Spiers have been a constant presence at court during Mr Edwards's appearances. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)

Andrew Mallard - Jailed for 12 years: Andrew Mallard's wrongful murder conviction |-Australian Story

"I was wrongfully imprisoned. There's a stigma that goes with that and still goes with that," he tells the program.
"I know what they did to me and it's the truth. They framed me for a murder I did not commit."

Journalist Colleen Egan had worked on the Mallard case for two years when she became convinced there had been a miscarriage of justice.
"There probably are still people out there who believe that Andrew did it. There probably always will be," Ms Egan said.
"It was just a cruel twist of fate that put him on a collision course with this inquiry and it was just a matter of fact that there were police who were willing to act dishonestly.
"There was a prosecutor willing to run a case that wasn't quite right, and there were three judges who refused to believe it when evidence was put in front of them, and they saw what the High Court saw."

Billionaire Len Buckeridge (with widow Siok Puay Koh, who Len called Tootsie) founded the Buckeridge Group of Companies (BCG), a construction firm that has a 'hand in just about every facet of the building process'. Tootsie is also challenging the will, according to reports. Siok Puay Koh, (Tootsie) was found to have Triad and MI6 connections according to special investigation report into how Len Buckeridge was able to build up his BGC group of companies from being worth around $1 million in the 1960's with a turnover of a few million per year, into a group of companies worth over $3 billion with over $2.5 billion yearly turnover.  To be able to achieve this massive increase in wealth and turnover in the BGC Group of companies from the 1970's to the date of the death of Len Buckeridge on the 11th March, 2014, it would have required billions of dollars of capital injection from either a capital injection by a partner and/or a loan from a bank or a private investor and/or raising the large working capital injection from a public float .... according to many  public statements by Len Buckeridge and according the publicly available financial records of the BGC Group of Companies Len Buckeridge did neither ..... Len Buckeridge often stated publicly and proudly, that he and his companies owed nobody any money, did not have any partners and did not raise anyone the working capital needed from a public float. A

The financial investigators that looked into the sudden massive exponential growth asset and income growth of Len Buckeridge private company Esther Investments Pty Ltd, which was registered in Melbourne, rather than Perth. and his BGC Group of companies  .... came to the only conclusion possible ... that the billions of dollars of working capital needed to grow Len Buckeridge's BGC Group of Building Companies came from a silent partner or silent partners who wanted to launder billions of dollars of dirty money made from the type of illegal income streams that the Five Eyes Security Group, which include MI5/MI6/CIA/ASIO/NZSIS/CSIS) and the Chine Triads use to gain their income, such as gambling to be one of society’s evils, alongside opium, prostitution., kidnapping, murder for hire, human organ supply, snuff movies and any other possible illegal way to make money ..... according to investigators Len Buckeridge held 49% of the ownership of his BGC companies in trust for various MI6/CIA/Triad organizations and individuals .... Investigators watching the possible attempts of the various MI6/CIA/Triad organizations and individuals wanting to move their huge wealth of black dirty money and assets from Hong Kong, when the British were handing back possession of Hong Kong to the Chinese to places like Australia and the USA, because they were worried about whether the Chinese Authorities worth try to confiscate their billions in wealth from their ill-gotten gains when the Chinese Took over Hong Kong from the British. ....  Investigators were tipped off from various business people in Perth, Western Australia, that the various MI6/CIA/Triad organizations and individuals wanting to move their huge wealth of black dirty money and assets from Hong Kong, when the British were handing back possession of Hong Kong to the Chinese, had done a deal with Len Buckeridge and his BGC Group of Companies to front for them in Australia, to move and launder into Australia, their billions of dollars of dirty assets and further illegal drug profits and other income from gambling, opium, prostitution., kidnapping, murder for hire, human organ supply, snuff movies and any other possible illegal way to make money.

Len Buckeridge wanted to be wealthy, and a successful businessman, but more than anything else Len Buckeridge wanted to power and control over others, more than the money ... one of the founders of AISO and the Commonwealth Police of Australian (now known as the AFP- The Australian Federal Police who knew Len Buckeridge personally from an early age, had claimed he believed that Len Buckeridge was a criminal psychopath ... who craved power and the acknowledgment that he has complete power and influence over anyone he chose to have the power over ... much more than having a lot of money and wealth .. even though power and influence usually go hand in hand with extreme wealth ... 

Len Buckeridge was given the Green Light by the police and the Government of Western Australia .... to commit and/or be involved with arranging, ordering any criminal activities he chose to be involved with ... without fear of criminal investigation and/or arrest .... besides the fact that investigators were told this by various people ...which included Len Buckeridges employees, friends, associates and police officers .... the reality of Len Buckeridge's Police Green Light Protection was proven beyond reasonable doubt when Len Buckeridge openly committed a breaking and entering, perjury and assault .... and was not charged. with any criminal offense .... even when Len Buckeridge assaulted a process server on the back of the head with a hot rake, who served a witness summons on Len Buckeridge and the three witnesses and the person who was criminally assaulted by Len Buckeridge were interviewed by Channel 10, with the interview going on national TV ..... even then Len Buckeridge was not charged with committing a criminal assault ... the complainant with one of the witnesses to the assault went to see Inspector Len Hadrill at the Central East Perth Police Station that night to demand that Len Buckeridge be charged with criminal assault..... Inspector Len Hadrill's reply was this ... " I will just ring Len tonight at home and tel Len to stop assaulting people in broad daylight in front of witnesses... the went Detective John Hancock who was more of an old fashioned honest police officer who agreed that Len Buckeridge should be charged with Purjery for lying under oath in the Perth Magistrates Court to obtain a wrongful and illegal restraining order, which carries a penalty of up to seven years in prison .... apologized that he was told bt his superior officers that Len Buckeridge had the Green Light to Commit any criminal offense he liked ,. and that there was no way that that Detective John Hancock would be allowed to charge Len Buckeridge for perjury, assault or for any other criminal offence ..

Investigators were told that Len Buckeridge's power and influence in the Western Australian Police Service, reached as high as the Western Australian Commissioner of Police ....and even higher than that .... Investigators were told that Len Buckeridge could ring the Western Australian Commissioner of Police up at his home at  3 am in the morning and tell the Commisisoner to jump in any direction and as high as Len Buckeridge wanted .... Len Buckeridge's  friends, assocciates and employees have stated that ... "you do not know who you are dealing with when dealing with Len Buckeridge ..... Len Buckeridge is the most powerful and influential person in Perth, Western Australia ,... and what Len wants.. Len gets...."

 ...........................

The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Australia,(ASIO and ASIS) Canada (CSIS), CSE and CFINTCOM), New Zealand (NZSIS, DDIS and GCSB), the United Kingdom (M15, MI6, SIS , GCHQ and DI) and the United States (CIA, DIA, FBI, NGA and NSA) ..These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence .... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Eyes

Leonard Walter Buckeridge (15 June 1936 – 11 March 2014) was an Australian businessman known for founding the Buckeridge Group of Companies.

Buckeridge Group of Companies, commonly known as BGC, is a private corporate group of construction and building-related companies operating primarily in Western Australia, which has an operating income of around $163,000,000,000 AUD
BGC is one of the largest privately-owned companies in Australia. It was owned entirely by its founder, Len Buckeridge, until his death in 2014 In 2016, family quarrels over his estate erupted into 22 separate legal actions. -  
http://www.bgc.com.au/building-products/bgc-insulation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckeridge_Group_of_Companies 

Claremont case cop admits document errors
https://www.canberratimes.com.au/story/6582777/claremont-case-cop-admits-document-errors/?cs=14231  
JANUARY 16 2020  
A police sergeant has admitted he made errors and omissions in documents he compiled for the investigation into Ciara Glennon's murder, the Claremont serial killings trial has heard.
Sergeant Gary Hyde took photographs and notes at the Eglinton bushland site where the 27-year-old solicitor's body was dumped, and gave evidence for the second day at Bradley Robert Edwards' WA Supreme Court trial.
The 51-year-old former Telstra technician denies murdering Ms Glennon, 23-year-old childcare worker Jane Rimmer and 18-year-old secretary Sarah Spiers in 1996 and 1997.
Defence counsel Paul Yovich poked holes in Sgt Hyde's work during cross-examination, getting him to admit documentation mistakes and oversights.
It included not noting the time certain exhibits were collected and incorrectly listing the location of an insect nest found near the body.
"I did the best I could to record what I thought was relevant at the time," Sgt Hyde said on Thursday.
He conceded he had "probably made lots of errors" in his career, agreeing with Mr Yovich that was part of being human.
Sgt Hyde agreed his evidence at trial relied heavily on referring to the documents, given he couldn't independently recall much more than two decades later.
He also agreed that meant his evidence could be incorrect.

When asked about missing minutes from the crime scene video, he said there were times when the recorder was not running as the battery was changed or a fresh tape was inserted.

Sgt Hyde also testified every exhibit was "generally" photographed in-situ as it was collected back then, but it was now "pretty much" mandatory.
The court also heard from Senior Sergeant Alexander Wells, who took photos at the Eglinton crime scene and sifted through some sand, and said he did not touch the body.
He said he and other police wore overalls of varying blue hues.
Prosecutors allege fibres from navy Telstra-issued Yakka clothes were found on Ms Glennon, Ms Rimmer and a 17-year-old girl Edwards has admitted raping in Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995.
The court previously heard the police overalls were also made by Yakka and the defence argues contamination of evidence is a "live issue".

Prosecutors allege fibres from the interiors of the kind of car Edwards used for work were found on Ms Glennon and Ms Rimmer.
They also say DNA found on the rape victim and on a kimono left behind at a Huntingdale home where he attacked an 18-year-old woman as she slept in 1988 matches DNA found under Ms Glennon's fingernails.

Australian Associated Press

 Police are being questioned on how they handled evidence at the Claremont killings crime scenes  

Cooke shows a detective how he killed George Walmsley, one of five people he shot on the night of Australia Day, 1963.

A killer's voice from the grave
Recordings from Eric Edgar Cooke's trial reveal the dark power inside his head that drove him to murder at least eight people.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-14/eric-edgar-cooke-serial-killer-voice-heard-53-years-later/9122724

PHOTO: Cooke shows a detective how he killed George Walmsley, one of five people he shot on the night of Australia Day, 1963.
PHOTO: John Button was wrongly convicted of killing his girlfriend Rosemary Anderson.
(Supplied: WA Police)
PHOTO: John Button's car was damaged three weeks before the murder of his girlfriend Rosemary Anderson.(Supplied: WA Police)
PHOTO: Jillian Brewer was murdered at her Cottesloe flat in 1959.
PHOTO: Cooke with detectives outside the Cottesloe home of Brian Weir, whom he shot in the head.
PHOTO: Police search a laneway in Perth following the murders of three people on Australia Day in 1963, later revealed to be the work of serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke.(Supplied: WA Police)

He was never tried for any of the other
A serial killer's voice from the grave
Eric Edgar Cooke brutally murdered at least eight people in Perth between 1959 and 1963. In original sound recordings unearthed from his trial, he reveals the dark power inside his head that pushed him to unspeakable acts.

By Tracey Stewart
 4 Dec 2019
 
PHOTO: John F Kennedy's motorcade in Dallas, Texas before his assassination.(Walt Cisco, Dallas Morning News)

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-07/1280px-jfk_limousine.png/9127006


It was a straightforward news report that gave no indication of the scale of the revelations that were to come.
"In Perth today, a youth was arrested and charged with wilfully murdering a young girl by running her down with a car in Shenton Park last night," the ABC newsreader told viewers on February 10, 1963.
Rosemary Anderson's death was one of a series of horrific killings whose dots were yet to be joined to serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke.
It was also one in a series of devastating miscarriages of justice.
The subsequent conviction of Ms Anderson's boyfriend, John Button, for her manslaughter would become a significant chapter in a saga of wrongful convictions in Western Australia which is explored in the new ABC podcast series 'Wrongful', produced by broadcaster Susan Maushart.


Wake-up call for sleepy city
It was a big year for news in 1963.
US President John F Kennedy was assassinated, Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech, the audacious Great Train Robbery was carried out in the UK, and Beatlemania began in earnest.
Perth, however, seemed a world away from such momentous events and was largely viewed from afar as a sleepy backwater.
But the remote city was about to get a wake-up call.
On Australia Day in 1963 Eric Edgar Cooke terrorised the city in a murderous rampage, randomly shooting five people and killing three.
The residents of Perth were paralysed with fear as police implored them to lock their doors and cars.
What was not known at that time was that Cooke was a multiple murderer responsible for numerous attacks.
The city's first known serial killer, Cooke eventually became the last man hanged in WA.
It was not until September 1963 that he was charged with murder — that of university student Shirley McLeod, who was shot dead at a house in Dalkeith in August.
The error in the ABC TV news report on the day, which named him as Derek Edgar Cooke, belies the monstrous notoriety he would soon acquire.


A serial killer's voice from the grave
Eric Edgar Cooke brutally murdered at least eight people in Perth between 1959 and 1963. In original sound recordings unearthed from his trial, he reveals the dark power inside his head that pushed him to unspeakable acts.
It was a straightforward news report that gave no indication of the scale of the revelations that were to come.


"In Perth today, a youth was arrested and charged with wilfully murdering a young girl by running her down with a car in Shenton Park last night," the ABC newsreader told viewers on February 10, 1963.

Rosemary Anderson's death was one of a series of horrific killings whose dots were yet to be joined to serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke.
It was also one in a series of devastating miscarriages of justice.

The subsequent conviction of Ms Anderson's boyfriend, John Button, for her manslaughter would become a significant chapter in a saga of wrongful convictions in Western Australia which is explored in the new ABC podcast series 'Wrongful', produced by broadcaster Susan Maushart.

It was a big year for news in 1963.
US President John F Kennedy was assassinated, Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech, the audacious Great Train Robbery was carried out in the UK, and Beatlemania began in earnest.
Perth, however, seemed a world away from such momentous events and was largely viewed from afar as a sleepy backwater.


But the remote city was about to get a wake-up call.


On Australia Day in 1963 Eric Edgar Cooke terrorised the city in a murderous rampage, randomly shooting five people and killing three.
The residents of Perth were paralysed with fear as police implored them to lock their doors and cars.
What was not known at that time was that Cooke was a multiple murderer responsible for numerous attacks.
The city's first known serial killer, Cooke eventually became the last man hanged in WA.
It was not until September 1963 that he was charged with murder — that of university student Shirley McLeod, who was shot dead at a house in Dalkeith in August.
The error in the ABC TV news report on the day, which named him as Derek Edgar Cooke, belies the monstrous notoriety he would soon acquire.
Testifying in court about his Australia Day murder spree in 1963, Cooke — who was born with a cleft lip and palate — speaks in a soft voice that is at times difficult to understand, telling of how he'd spent the morning helping around the house and playing with his children.
"And what happened then?" a detective asks.

"It was then that this power came over me. It wasn't an impulse, it was stronger than an impulse," Cooke says.
“... It was, it was as though I was God and … it was like a mantle or like a cloud came over me, and I must, I must use that…”

A massive, random crime spree
Cooke was known to authorities as a petty criminal, primarily a prowler and a thief, so police were incredulous when he confessed to eight murders, 14 attempted murders and the break-and-enter of more than 250 homes.
His murderous spree was mostly random and he killed in many ways, including shooting, strangling and running his victims down with a car.
It was, in part, the seemingly random selection of victims and varied methods of assault that kept police from making the connection between his many victims.
They were also reluctant to believe some of Cooke's confessions. Not only was he known to them as a consummate liar, but other men had also been tried and convicted of some of his crimes.
This monumental failure of the police to connect Cooke to his catalogue of crimes meant two innocent men spent decades in prison, wrongfully convicted of crimes Cooke had committed.
On February 9, 1963, John Button was celebrating his 19th birthday with his 17-year-old girlfriend, Rosemary Anderson.

The couple argued and Ms Anderson left to walk home. Mr Button followed her to pick her up in his car, but she refused to get in.
After pausing to smoke a cigarette, he drove off to again try to see her safely home — only to find her lying injured and unconscious by the side of the road, having been run down by Cooke.
She died from her injuries later that night and Mr Button was subsequently charged with her wilful murder.
Although he was to be convicted of the lesser charge of manslaughter — thereby saving him from the gallows — Mr Button served five years in Fremantle Prison for a crime he was later found not to have committed.

Wife told to give alibi
Darryl Beamish, a profoundly deaf teenager, was convicted another of Cooke's murders, the brutal 1959 killing of heiress Jillian Brewer in her Cottesloe apartment, and was also later exonerated.
Cooke had confessed to killing both Ms Brewer and Ms Anderson on his arrest, but recanted his confession two days later.
However, he later re-asserted his guilt and was able to give chillingly accurate details of the crime scenes and timelines. Despite this, police continued to refuse to accept his confessions.

These stories are told in detail in Wrongful.
Also included is an interview with Cooke's widow and mother of their seven children, Sally Cooke, who recalls how her husband wanted an alibi.
Sally: "I remember it was about 10 o'clock in the morning and he'd been reading the paper in bed and he called me in and he said, 'Look at this,' and I said, 'Oh, how dreadful, another murder,' and he said, 'Yes'."
"He said, 'Now you know with the record I've got?' And I said, 'Yes?'
He said, 'Well if anyone comes checking up, would you please tell them that I was home early and that we spent the night with relatives?
"'Because with my record they won't be fussy and they'll pin it on me.'"
Journalist: "And, in fact, did you later tell this to the police?"
Sally: "Yes, I did."

Cooke went to trial for the wilful murder of John Sturkey, one of the Australia Day shooting victims, and pleaded not guilty on the grounds of insanity.
The jury took only an hour-and-a-half to find him guilty of wilful murder — the singular conviction all that was needed to send him to the gallows.


Cooke was never tried for any of the other murders.
Just 15 minutes before he was executed, Cooke reportedly swore on a bible that he had killed Ms Anderson and Ms Brewer.

Wrongful explores the convictions of Mr Button and Mr Beamish and how, despite compelling evidence to the contrary, it took them 39 and 44 years respectively to have their sentences quashed.
Other episodes of the five-part podcast explore the wrongful conviction of Andrew Mallard for the murder of jeweller Pamela Lawrence in Mosman Park, as well as that of the Mickelberg brothers for the 1982 Perth Mint swindle and Gene Gibson for the 2010 murder in Broome of Josh Warneke.
Wrongful is featured on Earshot on RN from December 18 and the podcast is available to download now.
Topics: murder-and-manslaughter, courts-and-trials, history, perth-6000, shenton-park-6008, cottesloe-6011
First posted 13 Nov 2017,

Australian transportation magnate Sir Peter Abeles, who also had contacts with the Triads, the Mafia and Five Eyes, who used the companies that Sir Peter Abeles to launder their black money ... made from illegal drugs and other illegal activities  .. who was another person who was addicted to the power and influence of the powerful position that his silent partners put him in ,... Sir Peter Abeles, liked the the fact that we always got his own way... what Sir Peter wanted .. Sir Peter got ..... 

Sir Peter Abeles and his silent partners was a driving force  behind Bob Hawke and Paul Keating being elected as Prime Ministers of Australia ....  a businessman who was invited to lunch to Sir Peter Abeles' private club told investigators of a phone call Sir Peter Abeles, had with the then Prime Minister of Australia, Bob Hawke .... while they were having lunch...... the telephone conversation went something like this ...

"... hello Bobby .. it is good to hear from you ....... you were wise to ring me back when I left you the mesage this morning ..... I need to remind you that you will only stay as Prime Minister of Australia as long as we want you to  .. and while to are doing what you are told ....... unless you obey our orders and directions we will have you removed as Prime Minister abd replace you with Paulie..."

Teenager charged over Andrew Mallard's hit-and-run death in Los Angeles
By Madeline Palmer
 24 Apr 2019

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-24/teenager-charged-over-andrew-mallard-hit-and-run-death-in-us/11044648
Teenager charged over Andrew Mallard's hit-and-run death in Los Angeles
By Madeline Palmer
How was Andrew Mallard cleared?

Key points:
Andrew Mallard was run over on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood
He had started a new life and was visiting his fiance at the time
Mr Mallard's family were informed by DFAT of the arrest


Andrew Mallard spent 12 years in jail for the murder of Pamela Lawrence — a crime he didn't commit. Here's how he was freed.
PHOTO: Andrew Mallard was wrongfully imprisoned for the murder of Perth woman Pamela Lawrence. (Australian Story)
PHOTO: Mr Mallard spent 12 years in jail until he was exonerated. (ABC News)
A 19-year-old man has been arrested in the US in relation to the hit-and-run death of Perth man Andrew Mallard, who spent 12 years in jail after being wrongfully convicted of murder.
Mr Mallard died after being stuck by a moving vehicle while crossing a road in Los Angeles last week.
He was hit by a car on the iconic Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood after leaving a bar late on Thursday night and could not be revived.
Mr Mallard had been visiting his fiancee during a trip from his new home in Britain, where he moved after being exonerated in 2006.
The LA Police Department had offered a $US25,000 ($35,000) reward for information into the incident.
US media outlet KTLA5 reported Kristopher Ryan Smith was charged with a felony hit-and-run after turning himself into police on Tuesday.

According to the LA County Sheriff's Department, Mr Smith was released on $US50,000 bail the evening of his arrest.
He is due to appear in the Los Angeles Municipal Court Traffic Division on May 14.


Mr Mallard's family confirmed they were informed of the arrest by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.


Mallard wrongfully imprisoned for murder

Mr Mallard was convicted of the brutal murder of Perth wife and mother Pamela Lawrence in 1995 and was sentenced to 20 years.
Ms Lawrence was bludgeoned to the head in broad daylight on the afternoon of Monday May 23, 1994, at her jewellery shop Flora Metallica in the upmarket Perth suburb of Mosman Park.

She died hours later in hospital.

Mr Mallard was arrested for murder after several interviews with police, where he speculated how Ms Lawrence may have been killed and drew a picture of a wrench which police said he used to kill her.
Mr Mallard said he was fed information by police to repeat back to them, but police treated it as a confession and he was sentenced to 20 years' jail.

He served 12 years in jail until the combined efforts of a journalist, a politician and a team of high-profile, pro bono lawyers finally saw him exonerated.

Police later admitted Mr Mallard wasn't responsible for the crime after a cold case review of Ms Lawrence's murder found shavings of blue paint recovered from her head linked the crime to murderer Simon Rochford.

Living in Perth had become 'untenable'

After receiving a record $3.25 million compensation payout from the West Australian government, Mr Mallard graduated from university with a degree in fine art and travelled to London to start a masters.
He told the ABC's Australian Story that living in Perth had become "untenable", as members of the public still treated him as if he was a murderer.
Mr Mallard was still based in the UK and frequently travelled to the US, where his fiancee lived, prior to his death.
A Corruption and Crime Commission inquiry was held into the alleged misconduct by police officers in the case, but the officers involved resigned after a police inquiry began, avoiding the disciplinary process.
Topics: death, community-and-society, law-crime-and-justice, wa, perth-6000, united-states

Bradley_Robert_Edwards_Defence_Barrister_ Paul Yovich. Credit-Nic Ellis -The West Australian

Don Spiers (l) in front of a billboard appealing for help to find his missing daughter Sarah. (ABC News)out. (ABC TV)

Andrew Mallard, who was freed from prison in 2006, has been killed in a crash in LA. (ABC News)

The Claremont Serial Killer or Killers have evaded Justice for 20 odd years
He or they killed abducted three women and murdered at lease two of them, but has evaded justice for odd 20 years – can you help catch the Claremont serial killer?

http://awn.bz/ClaremontSerialKillings8.html

There can be no doubt that the Mystery Man in the above photos pictured talking with the obviously quite excited Jane Rimmer, just before Jane Rimmer was abducted and murdered,could be the famous convicted murderer, good looking Mark Philip Dixie, who openly stated at his murder trial that he had sex with the dead body of Sally Ann Bowman ...there is also another man who uses the name that had the same look and build as the Mystery Man, who called himself John Roache, who openly admitted that he often worked for corrupt elements of the Western Australian Police and other well connected powerful business people to commit crimes for them including murder. .... this man using the name John Roache, kidnapped the son of a lady in Perth in about 1988/89, but he and the lady's son was found .... and John Roache was then given a swan off 22 rifle by the Western Australian Police that night after the kidnapping to son, and was told to murder the lady's husband .. in a well planned and calculated operation .. the Western Australian Police will have the kidnapping on file ... or should have the kidnapping on file, which the police tried to convince the lady was all a mistake and was not a real kidnapping …..   the kidnapper, John Roache was given the keys to the lady's Ford Laser car along with the sawn-off 22 rifle by the police and told to drive the lady back home...  and told by these corrupt police to shoot the lady’s husband when he came home that night from his pizza shop …. the planned murder of the lady’s husband failed, because the husband did not come back to the lady’s house at 3am in the morning as we usually did, after closing up his pizza shop …. instead the husband arrived at around 9am the next morning to find John Roache asleep with a sawn-off 22 rifle next to him …. after the husband grabbed the gun while John Roache was still asleep …. the husband then demanded to know what he was doing in his wife’s house with the sawn off shot gun ….. the answer given was a complete shock to the husband … John Roache stated he was employed by corrupt police to shoot the husband and the police had said they will cover up the murder by planting a gun on the dead husband ….. pretending that the husband was coming to shoot his wife and John Roache in a crime of passion ….. because the husband thought John Roache has been having an affair with his wife …. John Roache appologised to the husband for getting involved in this arrangement, and promised he would tell the police that he no longer wanted to be involved….. A witness made a sworn statement that he was asked to accompany John Roache to the Police Storage facility in Maylands to return the sawn-off 22 rifle back to the Western Australian Police …. it is believed that this is the same sawn-off 22 rifle that was mentioned in police corruption investigations that corrupt police had given to criminals to rob a shop, that seemed to be in the possession of the police as an exhibit for a long time … this was part of series of incidents and events that happened over approximately one year involving John Roache and his friend going by the name Lawrence Fowler ….. that John Roache called “Doc” ….. there was also a number of a very bizarre incidents involving John Roache during this period … one that involved a Swan Taxi and a taxi driver that was arranged by the same corrupt police that John Roache was working for …. at the time … the name of the police officer that was John Roache’s main handler is known….

It may well be that this same Swan Taxi - or a look alike Swan Taxi and taxi driver could have been the Taxi Car that picked up Sarah Spiers and/or Jane Rimmer and/or Ciara Glennon …

It is also noted that a bricklayer and his wife has made a statement that was reported in the media, that the early morning that Ciara Glennon disappeared .. that he saw a taxi not far from where the body of Ciara Glennon was discovered ….. that had appeared to be sitting in the back of the taxi …

…The bricklayer, now 62, said about 4.30am on a Sunday morning in March 1997 he was heading south on Wanneroo Rd, from Yanchep to his work site at Nollamara, when he saw the taxi begin turning out of Pipidinny Rd in front of him.

“I saw him and he obviously saw me and stopped,” he said. “I had to brake and pull towards the side of the road. It was definitely a Ford Falcon and it was a grubby thing too. I saw the front more than I saw the side. It was definitely a taxi.
“I thought there might have been someone sitting in the back,” he added.
“I avoided him and carried on.
“I thought it was really unusual ... It was definitely unusual to have a near miss with a taxi with no lights on.”

It is rather strange and odd that the Western Australian Police Service, the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia and Carmel Barbagallo, the head DPP prosecutor running the prosecution against Bradley Robert Edwards did not call the bricklayer and his wife to the witness stand in the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards, because there is no a shadow of doubt that they are both material witnesses and that their evidence is vitally important is getting to the truth as the facts surrounding the Claremont Serial Killer investigations …

One reason why the Western Australian Police Service, the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia and Carmel Barbagallo, the head DPP prosecutor running the prosecution against Bradley Robert Edwards did not call the bricklayer and his wife to the witness stand in the trial of Bradley Robert Edwards, is that their evidence may not fit into their claim that Bradley Robert Edwards is the person solely responsible for the abductions and murders of Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon …. for so many various and quite obvious reasons ….which include the fact that back in 1997, when there was very little residential development in that area ….. that it would be extremely unlikely that a taxi would appear with … “.. its headlights off as it turned off Pipidinny Rd, Eglinton, on to Wanneroo Rd in the pre-dawn darkness …” at around 4.30 am on the same morning that Ciara Glennon disappeared ….with a person sitting in the back of the taxi without having something to do with the disappearance of Ciara Glennon ….

 “…. It was definitely a Ford Falcon and it was a grubby thing too. I saw the front more than I saw the side. It was definitely a taxi.,,, I thought there might have been someone sitting in the back,” he added….”


Claremont serial killer: Taxi clue to Ciara Glennon’s death
JOHN FLINT

PerthNow
January 3, 2015 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/claremont-serial-killer-taxi-clue-to-ciara-glennons-death-ng-b80af943b3f4b839a9956cdffd1aa3ab

MORE than 17 years after Ciara Glennon’s body was found in dense bushland 45km north of Perth, a local man has come forward with information that puts a taxi at the scene.


The taxi had its headlights off as it turned off Pipidinny Rd, Eglinton, on to Wanneroo Rd in the pre-dawn darkness, the Two Rocks resident told The Sunday Times. He said he had to hit his brakes to avoid hitting it.

The man’s detailed account is supported by his wife, who insists she tried to inform police in the days after Ciara’s body was discovered in scrub off secluded Pipidinny Rd on April 3, 1997.
She claims she couldn’t get through to officers on a special hotline that was flooded with calls at the time. Her husband, Dave, who didn’t want the family’s surname published, said he’d made subsequent efforts down the years to relay his information to police, but never got a call back.

He contacted the newspaper after last weekend’s story about WA detectives reaching out to new people, in an effort to get a breakthrough in the marathon Claremont serial killings investigation. The Sunday Times has passed his contact details to the Special Crime Squad so that he can make a full statement.
The bricklayer, now 62, said about 4.30am on a Sunday morning in March 1997 he was heading south on Wanneroo Rd, from Yanchep to his work site at Nollamara, when he saw the taxi begin turning out of Pipidinny Rd in front of him.

“I saw him and he obviously saw me and stopped,” he said. “I had to brake and pull towards the side of the road. It was definitely a Ford Falcon and it was a grubby thing too. I saw the front more than I saw the side. It was definitely a taxi.
“I thought there might have been someone sitting in the back,” he added.
“I avoided him and carried on.
“I thought it was really unusual ... It was definitely unusual to have a near miss with a taxi with no lights on.”

Though the taxi was angled to turn south on Wanneroo Rd, the bricklayer said he didn’t see it behind him as he carried on down the road. “I didn’t see it again,” he said.

He said it was odd to see a taxi in Yanchep area at that time of a Sunday morning, when there was rarely any traffic around. But he said it was the fact that the taxi’s headlights were switched off on the unlit roads that made it a talking point with his wife that night.

“I had spoken to my wife about it that night, about how unusual it was to not only see a taxi come out of that road, but also without its lights on,” he said.
“Back then the only traffic you would see on a Sunday morning would be the odd crayfisherman coming up to Two Rocks.
“It has stuck in my mind so much because I’ve lived where I live now for 36 years and that was probably the first taxi I ever saw (that far up) Wanneroo Rd. You see them nowadays. But back then you just didn’t see them. You saw them when you got to Wanneroo or even when you got to Hester Ave, but not out there.”

When the news broke on April 3 that Ciara’s body had been found near a track leading off Pipidinny Rd, the bricklayer’s wife remembered her husband’s account of the strange taxi and tried to call the police hotline.
“I tried several times over the next few days but couldn’t get through,” she said. “I just gave it away in the end.”

The bricklayer said that in the intervening years he had mentioned the taxi to police officers he had built houses for and was told they would pass the information to the relevant detectives. And when his daughter became a police officer about seven years ago, he claimed she too passed information to her superiors. “No one got back to me, nobody seemed interested,” he said this week.
“When I’ve been reminded of it, it does bother me. In hindsight it’s a shame I didn’t hit him.”

He added: “I’m absolutely sure about all these facts. The only one I’m not as sure about is which Sunday, but it was around the time (Ciara went missing).”
In 1997, Pipidinny Rd was an isolated beach access road that petered out into a small track just short of the beach at Alkimos. Today, Pipidinny Rd connects with Marmion Ave.
When asked at a Sunday media conference, Assistant Commissioner of Traffic and Emergency Response Nick Anticich said he would not comment.
“Every unsolved homicide is an ongoing investigation for the WA Police,” he said.

KEY DATES AND PLACES:
Saturday January 27, 1996: 18-year-old Sarah Spiers went missing after leaving Claremont’s Club Bay View at about 2am on the Saturday morning, following Australia Day celebrations. She called a taxi at 2.06am from a phone box near the corner of Stirling Highway and Stirling Road. She was not there when the taxi arrived at 2.14am. Sarah’s body has never been found.

Sunday June 9, 1996: Childcare worker Jane Rimmer, 23, was last seen leaving Claremont’s Continental Hotel at 00.04am after a Saturday night out with friends. She was last seen standing outside Club Bay View after she declined a lift home with friends, with whom she had been drinking. Her parents had expected their bubbly daughter for lunch that Sunday at their Wembley home.

Saturday August 3, 1996: Jane Rimmer’s naked and partly decomposed body was found in dense bushland off Woolcoot Road, Wellard, 35km south of Perth, 2km from Casuarina Prison. It had been covered lightly with leaves and twigs and was not visible from the road. The area was surrounded by farmlets and residents said the heart tea tree scrub made it a perfect place to dispose a body.

Saturday March 15, 1997: Ciara Glennon disappeared after visiting Claremont’s Continental Hotel (200m from Club Bay View). After leaving the hotel, she was last seen outside a nearby computer shop on Stirling Highway at 00.15am on the Saturday morning. She may have thought she had a better chance of getting a taxi there. It is believed she was headed to her parents’ home in Mosman Park.
Ciara, a 27-year-old lawyer, who had just got back to Perth from a year overseas and in time for her sister’s wedding, was described by many as “sensible and outgoing.” Friends thought it was improbable that she would have got in a stranger’s car. “It didn’t matter if she’d been drinking, she always kept her head screwed on,” said one friend.

Thursday April 3, 1997: The partly-clothed body of Ciara Glennon was discovered by a bushwalker. It was hidden under branches, but not buried, 40m off Pipidinny Road, 45km north of Perth, on a sandy track that was sheltered from view. The spot was about 2.5km from Wanneroo Road.

Operation Macro detectives told media they believed the controlled killer had used “planned disposal sites”. It was also reported that police believed the bodies of Ciara and Jane were dumped soon after they were abducted from the Claremont nightclub strip.

Police asked to hear from people who may have seen someone acting suspiciously in the Pipidinny Road area in the days leading up to March 15 and until her body was found.


Following Ciara’s disappearance, thousands of taxi-drivers gave saliva samples as part of police screening and more than 1000 taxis were inspected.
* If you have new or relevant information that can help police solve these murders, please call Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000.

Bradley Robert Edwards is also accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon. (Facebook)

Ciara Glennon's body was found in bushland in Perth's northern suburbs. (ABC News)

Leaked report alleges crimes by WA Police | 9 News Perth
#9News

Nine News Perth
Subscribe here: https://bit.ly/2ojPZ6G Get more breaking news at: https://bit.ly/2nobVgF Former top cop Karl O'Callaghan has hit back after a leaked report revealed allegations of serious crimes by WA Police. #9News | http://9News.com.au Join Nine News for the latest in news and events that affect you in your local city, as well as news from across Australia and the world. For more head to: https://www.9now.com.au/nine-news-perth Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/9NewsPerth/ Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/9NewsPerth Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/9newsperth/

Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon all went missing from Claremont. (ABC News)

Claremont Serial Killings Trial podcast Day 27: The Evidence the State’s Case Hangs On
The West Australian
Friday, 17 January 2020

https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-day-27-the-evidence-the-states-case-hangs-on-ng-b881436718z

Ciara Glennon's fingernail clippings are the key pieces of evidence the prosecution have to say why they'll prove Bradley Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer. The court heard from the mortuary manager who collected those key pieces of evidence.

Ciara Glennon's fingernail clippings are the key pieces of evidence the prosecution have to say why they'll prove Bradley Robert Edwards is the Claremont Serial Killer.

The reason why they're so crucial, is because DNA found under those fingernails contained the DNA of the accused, and the prosecution say it got there because of a struggle.
When Ciara Glennon’s body was found on April 3, 1997, she also had defensive wounds on her arms and hands, indicating she fought for her life.

On day 27 of the Claremont Serial Killings trial, the court heard from the mortuary manager who collected those key pieces of evidence. Dr Robert Macdermit, who had conducted more than 10,000 autopsies during his career, clipped Ciara's fingernails, and detailed the grim task that was conducting her post-mortem.
In that autopsy, Ciara's hair mass was also taken, a gruesome task which was explained in full to the court by Dr Macdermit. Ciara's hair is also an important piece of evidence for the prosecution, because several blue and grey fibres, which they say are from the Telstra uniform and Commodore station wagon used by Bradley Edwards at the time.
However, during his cross examination it was revealed Dr Macdermit could have driven a commodore to the post mortem that day.

The defence also noticed what looked like another body present in the room of the time of Ciara's post-mortem. They also got Dr Macdermit to admit they used the same utensils for different body parts, which were rinsed off during the procedure.


Join Natalie Bonjolo, Tim Clarke and Alison Fan as they explain the details of day 27.

If you have any questions for the Claremont in Conversation team, send them in to claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au


For more information on WA's trial of the century, head to

 https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings

Jane Rimmer's body was found in bushland at Wellard, south of Perth. (ABC News)

Colleen Egan@ColleenEgan1
On the day we walked from Casuarina prison...

Andrew Mallard, a free innocent man, wore Buddhist beads. May he find a next life that is kinder. RIP

12:02 PM - Apr 19, 2019

 Julie Cutler. Kerry Turner, Sarah Anne McMahon, who after an over 20 investigations by the NTY Claremont Serial Abduction and Killing Legal and Investigation Team, are believed to be all connected in various ways and should all be considered are part of what the world knows as the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings 

Taxi driver Steven Ross was questioned by police investigating the murders. (ABC News)

Explosive claims by Edwards' defence team casts crucial DNA into doubt
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/explosive-claims-by-edwards-defence-team-casts-crucial-dna-into-doubt-20191126-p53ef0.html
By Heather McNeill

​Defence Barrister Paul Yovich, during his opening address, launched an attack into the credibility of that evidence by highlighting other Claremont-related exhibits that had been contaminated under Pathwest's watch.

He claimed a sample taken from a log near Jane’s body was in 2002 tested and a partial profile was found that matched the victim of a completely unrelated crime.
Intimate swabs taken from Jane and Ciara were examined by Cellmark in the United Kingdom in 2017 and on each occasion, the DNA of a different male Pathwest scientist was detected.

Mr Yovich said if Justice Stephen Hall cannot be satisfied that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under Ciara’s fingernails, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her; and if he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered Jane or Sarah whose cases largely hinge on the DNA link. It has also been revealed Laurie Webb, a senior DNA analyst who was fired from Pathwest in 2016 for "cutting corners" during testing was among those involved in the collection and handling of Ciara's fingernail exhibits.

One of the samples taken from underneath Jane’s fingernails was also contaminated and uncovered the presence of yet another a male Pathwest scientist’s DNA profile.
In each case the contamination wasn't detected by Pathwest in their controls at the time or for many years after the samples were originally processed and examined.
Mr Yovich claimed the examples of cross-contamination, or secondary contamination, cast doubt over the sole piece of DNA evidence the state is relying on at trial – that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under the fingernails of Ciara’s left thumb and left middle finger which had both been ripped off in an alleged struggle with her killer.
“The defence is simple - it wasn't him," he said.
Mr Webb was in 2017 found guilty of four serious charges in unethical behaviours for failing to have DNA results verified by their required protocols. The breaches were described by Attorney General John Quigley as "unprecedented in Western Australia's criminal justice history".
​​
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/explosive-claims-by-edwards-defence-team-casts-crucial-dna-into-doubt-20191126-p53ef0.html 
By Heather McNeill - November 27, 2019 
Defense counsel Paul Yovich poked holes in Sgt Hyde’s work during cross examination, getting him to admit documentation mistakes and oversights. 
A police sergeant has admitted he made errors and omissions in documents he compiled for the investigation into Ciara Glennon’s murder, the Claremont serial killings trial has heard. Sergeant Gary Hyde took photographs and notes at the Eglinton bushland site where the 27-year-old solicitor’s body was dumped in 1997, and is giving evidence for the second day at Bradley Robert Edwards’ WA Supreme Court trial. AAP- January 16, 2020 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-wa-police-sergeant-concedes-errors-and-omissions-in-documents-ng-b881435312z  
Forensic evidence the prosecution intends to rely on to convict the accused Claremont serial killer has been thrown into doubt by Bradley Edwards’ defence lawyer.
Explosive statements made on Tuesday, the second day of Mr Edwards’ triple murder trial, claimed at least four forensic exhibits taken from the crime scenes where Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies were found in 1996 and 1997 were contaminated while in the state’s Pathwest lab.
It has also been revealed Laurie Webb, a senior DNA analyst who was fired from Pathwest in 2016 for "cutting corners" during testing was among those involved in the collection and handling of Ciara's fingernail exhibits.

Western Australian Police "WORST POLICE FORCE IN AUSTRALIA"
AntiCorruptionCentral
Seriously West Aussies, would you want these guys investigating the most serious crimes against the community? Treason, murder, rape, fraud, corruption and grand theft ..., like of the WHOLE COUNTRY? treasonexposed.org elijahschallenge.net Separation of powers? Without fear or favour? Constitutional and property rights? Sure they know about these fundamental rights, but are they keeping secret rites we should know about?

Western Australian Police, Director of Public Prosecutions and WA Government have never been interested in other information and evidence provided by Sarah Anne McMahon that a police officer and a well known powerful businessman were involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings ...

Explosive claims by Edwards' defence team casts crucial DNA into doubt ...

“The defence is simple - it wasn't him," said defence Barrister Paul Yovich, during his opening address, as Paul Yovich launched an attack into the credibility of that evidence by highlighting other Claremont-related exhibits that had been contaminated under Pathwest's watch.

West Australian Police Force - Most corrupt in Australia
StopFundingIsrael

Steve Johnson travels from Geraldton to the most corrupt Police town in Western Australia to talk with local resident JON about the local officers in his hometown, and WHY they are allowed to fabricate evidence, harrass the public, invent crimes, purjor themselves with impunity, tamper with evidence, how they get away with it and why they can directly themselves deal Speed, ICE, Methyl Amphetamines with total immunity. Some say it's the local judge who allows it, some say its the local Cop Shop, I concur it is the SYSTEM ITSELF and the way it works. The local cops Cannot NOT be corrupt because the system istelf relies on creating criminals and relies on the revenue from "felons" in such a falsely based judicial system with ZERO oversight. Look further into the contracts to SERCO, The biggest company you'vre never heard of, and wonder why they get so many contracts to a Government that can surely process them itself. http://southeastasianews.org/main/ser... Start to realise, if you are not a CRIMINAL yet, it is only a matter of time unless you work for the GOVERNMENT of WESTERN AUSTRALIA, a Corporate company registered in Washington D.C. The home of freemasonic satanism in America. When only 1 complaint from 4000 from the Corruption and Crime Commission (CCC) is ever really independently investigated per year, whittled down to 400, after Police find themselves absolved of blame......... WHERE IS THE OVERSIGHT? A system of complete corruption exists in Western Australia. PERIOD. How can 3999 complaints from the public per year from 4000 be called liars?

The trial of accused Claremont serial killer Bradley Robert Edwards is expected to last for months. (Supplied: Central Crocs Football Club)

Some of the arguments used by OJ Simpson's lawyers are similar to those run by Edwards's defence team. (Reuters: Fred Prouser)

WA police sergeant concedes ‘errors and omissions’ in documents-
Claremont serial killings trial

AAP - January 16, 2020 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-wa-police-sergeant-concedes-errors-and-omissions-in-documents-ng-b881435312z  

A police sergeant has admitted he made errors and omissions in documents he compiled for the investigation into Ciara Glennon’s murder, the Claremont serial killings trial has heard.
Sergeant Gary Hyde took photographs and notes at the Eglinton bushland site where the 27-year-old solicitor’s body was dumped in 1997, and is giving evidence for the second day at Bradley Robert Edwards’ WA Supreme Court trial.

Defense counsel Paul Yovich poked holes in Sgt Hyde’s work during cross examination, getting him to admit documentation mistakes and oversights.

It included not noting the time certain exhibits were collected and incorrectly listing the location of an insect nest found near the body.
“I did the best I could to record what I thought was relevant at the time,” Sgt Hyde said on Thursday.
He conceded he had “probably made lots of errors” in his career, agreeing with Mr Yovich that was part of being human.
Sgt Hyde agreed his evidence at trial relied heavily on referring to the documents, given he didn’t independently recall everything more than two decades later.

He also agreed that meant his evidence could be incorrect.
When asked about missing minutes from the crime scene video, he said there were times when the recorder was not running as the battery was changed or a fresh tape was inserted.
Sgt Hyde also testified every exhibit was “generally” photographed in-situ as it was collected back then, but it was now “pretty much” mandatory.
Edwards denies murdering Ms Glennon, 23-year-old childcare worker Jane Rimmer and 18-year-old secretary Sarah Spiers in 1996.

Ms Rimmer was also dumped in bushland but Ms Spiers’ body has not been found.
The month before the trial started, the 51-year-old ex-Telstra technician confessed to abducting and raping a 17-year-old girl at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 and attacking an 18-year-old woman he knew as she slept in her Huntingdale home in 1988.

The prosecution alleges DNA found on the rape victim and on a kimono left behind at the home matches DNA found under Ms Glennon’s fingernails.

Claremont accused's defence grills police
JANUARY 17 2020

https://www.esperanceexpress.com.au/story/6584732/claremont-accuseds-defence-grills-police/
The defence team for accused Claremont serial killer Bradley Robert Edwards is expected to continue picking holes in the way police handled the investigation as it suggests crucial evidence may have been contaminated.
Sergeant Gary Hyde, who took photographs and notes at the Eglinton bushland site where Ciara Glennon was dumped in 1997, was grilled at the ex-Telstra technician's WA Supreme Court trial on Thursday.
Defence counsel Paul Yovich got him to admit documentation mistakes and oversights, including not noting the time certain exhibits were collected and incorrectly listing the location of an insect nest found near the body.
"I did the best I could to record what I thought was relevant at the time," Sgt Hyde testified.
He conceded he had "probably made lots of errors" in his career, agreeing with Mr Yovich that was part of being human.
Sgt Hyde agreed his evidence at trial relied heavily on referring to the documents, given he couldn't independently recall much more than two decades later.

He also agreed that meant his evidence could be incorrect.
Questioning Senior Sergeant Alexander Wells, Mr Yovich also zeroed in on the clunky police property tracing system, which was limited in terms of the information that could be entered as it had pre-set fields.
The trial will be in its 27th day on Friday and has so far heard from more than 140 witnesses.
It is expected to last another five months or so and hear from hundreds more witnesses.

Australian Associated Press

Claremont serial killings trial: Sacked PathWest scientist ‘present at victim’s post mortem’
Rebecca Le MayAAP
January 17, 2020 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings/claremont-serial-killings-trial-sacked-pathwest-scientist-present-at-victims-post-mortem-ng-b881436483z

WARNING - GRAPHIC CONTENT:
A mortuary technician had difficulty removing one of the most critical pieces of evidence in the Claremont serial killings case from Ciara Glennon’s body and did it in the presence of a now discredited forensic biologist, the WA Supreme Court has heard.

Video excerpts from the 27-year-old solicitor’s post-mortem were played at Bradley Robert Edwards’ trial on Friday but the sensitive material was obscured from the public gallery, where Ms Glennon’s father and sister were seated.
Retired mortuary manager Robert Macdermid, who was present at the examinations of Ms Glennon and Jane Rimmer’s bodies, said he had no independent memory of them, estimating he had been involved in more than 10,000 post-mortems.
He gave grim testimony about how they were usually conducted, as the handling of evidence in the case continues to be meticulously scrutinised.

Mr Macdermid then confirmed Laurance Webb, a former senior forensic biologist who was sacked from PathWest in 2016 for breaching testing protocols, was present at Ms Glennon’s post-mortem.
He could be heard in the video saying “too hard Laurie” and “I can’t get them, Laurie”, and explained to the court the scissors he was using to remove the nail from her left thumb were too big.
“But then I went back and had another go of it after that,” Mr Macdermid told prosecutor Bradley Hollingsworth.
“I think the scissor was too big. The nail was cracked.”
He confirmed Mr Webb instructed him what sections of the nails he wanted cut and would have taken them later.

Mr Macdermid was asked whether the smaller pair of scissors were clean and and replied: “Yes, I wouldn’t put dirty scissors away”.
Prosecutors say DNA found on a 17-year-old girl Edwards raped at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995 and on a kimono left behind at a Huntingdale home where he attacked an 18-year-old woman as she slept in 1988 matches DNA found under Ms Glennon’s nails.

In her opening address, prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo said forensic scientists had concluded the DNA was 80-100 million times more likely to have come from Edwards than an unknown man unrelated to him.
Ms Glennon fought for her life as she was attacked, almost tearing the nail off her left thumb in the process, and Edwards’ DNA was there and also under her middle left fingernail “because he murdered her”, Ms Barbagallo said.
Edwards, a former Telstra technician and Little Athletics coach, denies murdering Ms Glennon, Ms Rimmer, who was a 23-year-old childcare worker, and 18-year-old secretary Sarah Spiers in 1996 and 1997.

Bradley Robert Edwards will be sentenced for the rape and Huntingdale attack after the trial concludes.

Lawrence Ho, who now owns 20 per cent of Crown Resorts.

Deadly Effects of Meth
Meth has the ability to wreak havoc on every aspect of a person’s life and health. It can cause major damage to organs and the brain, and many of the effects, particularly of chronic use, may not be reversible.

https://www.therecoveryvillage.com/meth-addiction/deadly-effects-meth/#gref
ByTaylor Atwater
12/18/19

Crystal meth, also called just meth, is an illegal drug that’s manufactured and created with a combination of cold medicine ingredients and toxic chemicals. While crystal meth is cheap and delivers a powerful high, it’s also very addictive, dangerous and ultimately deadly for many people.


Meth has the ability to wreak havoc on every aspect of a person’s life and health. It can cause major damage to organs and the brain, and many of the effects, particularly of chronic use, may not be reversible. It also changes the mental well-being of the user, their physical appearance, and it destroys families, relationships, and careers.

How Does Meth Work?
This drug affects the central nervous system, and that’s part of why it’s so addictive. What happens when you take it is that when it goes to your brain, it creates a signal that unleashes a flood of dopamine. Dopamine is what’s responsible for making you feel good from things you find pleasurable, but the dopamine released by taking meth is a much higher level than what could happen naturally. That’s what creates the euphoric high but also triggers addiction. Your brain wants to continue feeling that high, so it pushes you to do more of the drug, thus the cravings.

Along with feeling pleasure and intense happiness, meth also generally increases your energy levels and physical activity, as well as how alert and sociable you are. You aren’t likely to feel tired nor hungry when using it, and it can also increase your attention span.

We will discuss what meth does to your body below, but it’s important also to have an understanding of how it impacts the chemistry and function of your brain.

What Does Meth Do Your Body In the Short-Term?
Unfortunately, what meth does to your body isn’t just create a high. People wonder, what does meth do your body in the short-term?

Some of the short-term effects of meth on the body include elevated body temperature and blood pressure, rapid heart rate and irregular heartbeat, and there’s also the potential for a brain hemorrhage, lung collapse, and convulsions if someone overdoses on the drug.

What Does Meth Do To Your Body in the Long-Term?
Along with the short-term effects of meth on your body, what does meth do to your body in the long-term?

The following are just a few of the things meth does to your body:
Extreme weight loss
Insomnia and sleep deprivation
Damage to organs including the kidneys, liver, heart, and lungs
Damage to nasal passages
Sores, abscesses, and infections
Tooth decay
Malnutrition

To go into more specifics regarding what does meth do to your body:
Since meth is a stimulant, it can have a profound effect on the cardiovascular system. It puts stress on your heart with elevated blood pressure and a disruption of normal rhythms. Not only does meth damage your heart and cardiovascular system, but it can also contribute to heart attacks.
Meth constricts the blood vessels of the user as well as their veins, which can cause blood clots to form.
Meth can not only create clots, but it’s toxic to your blood vessels, so that can cause rupturing that can then lead to bleeding into the heart.
People who do meth are at increased risk of strokes.
Using meth can damage the liver and increase your risk of developing hepatitis or acute liver failure. This is because of the many toxins that can be contained in meth including drain cleaner, battery acid, paint thinner, lithium, and Freon.
Meth can cause the kidneys to shut down because of elevated body temperature, and it can also break down muscle tissues that then become toxins dangerous to the kidneys.
Also relevant to looking at what does meth do to your body is examining the impact on the lungs. When you smoke meth, the toxins the drug contains go directly to the lungs, and they damage them. When your blood vessels are constricted from meth, it can also reduce blood flow to your lungs and lead to the accumulation of fluid.

So what about your mouth? The mouth is one of the primary focuses when we look at what meth does to your body.
Dubbed “Meth mouth,” this is a scenario where your teeth become decayed, and your gums become swollen and red. People who are chronic meth users often have many missing teeth and gum disease because of how corrosive and acidic meth is, as well as the toxins that are present in the drug that can lead to damage.
While this list of examples of answers to the question of what does meth do to your body can seem scary, it’s not even exhaustive. Meth can damage nearly every part of your body, as well as your brain and your life, which is why it’s such a scary, horrifying drug.
There are other effects as well including meth sores, effects specifically of injecting meth and more that can wreak havoc on the life of the addict and everyone around them.

If you or a loved one live with methamphetamine addiction or are using methamphetaminerecreationally and want to stop, it’s time to seek professional help. The Recovery Village®® provides care to those struggling with methamphetamine. Reach out to one of our knowledgeable representatives today to learn how you can start on your path to recovery.

Andrew Mallard, wrongfully jailed for 12 years over WA murder, killed in hit-and-run crash in US
By Herlyn Kaur and staff
 20 Apr 2019,

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-20/andrew-mallard-killed-in-hit-and-run-in-los-angeles/11032672

PHOTO: Andrew Mallard was wrongfully imprisoned for the murder of Perth woman Pamela Lawrence. (Australian Story)
RELATED STORY: When a murder confession is a con
RELATED STORY: I was framed for murder, says Mallard

A West Australian man who was wrongfully jailed for more than a decade has been killed in a hit-and-run crash in the United States.
Key points:
Andrew Mallard's family say they are devastated by his sudden death
Mr Mallard was convicted of the brutal murder of Pamela Lawrence in 1995
After 12 years in jail, a journalist, politician and pro-bono lawyers helped free him


WA Police have confirmed 56-year-old Andrew Mallard died in Los Angeles.
Mr Mallard was convicted of the brutal murder of Perth wife and mother Pamela Lawrence in 1995 and was sentenced to 20 years in prison.

He served 12 years in jail until the combined efforts of a journalist, politician and a team of high-profile, pro bono lawyers finally saw him exonerated.
In a statement, the family of Andrew Mallard said they were shocked to learn overnight of his sudden death.
Former journalist Colleen Egan, who played a role in obtaining the acquittal of Mr Mallard, said she was assisting the family with media queries.
"His mother, Grace Mallard, sister Jacqui and brother-in-law Wayne are all devastated by the news," she said in a statement.
"They are being assisted by the Australian consulate in the US."

The statement said Mr Mallard had been based in the UK and was travelling frequently to the US, where his fiancee lived, and was looking forward to getting married.

Family, friends mourn death
His sister Jacqui Mallard said the family was devastated his life was cut short.
"Those years were taken from him and now his life has been taken," she said.
In a statement, WA Attorney-General John Quigley told the ABC he was terribly saddened by the tragedy.
PHOTO: John Quigley (left) was instrumental in getting Mr Mallard's murder conviction quashed.
(ABC News)

After 12 years in jail, a journalist, politician and pro-bono lawyers helped free him
WA Police have confirmed 56-year-old Andrew Mallard died in Los Angeles.
Mr Mallard was convicted of the brutal murder of Perth wife and mother Pamela Lawrence in 1995 and was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
He served 12 years in jail until the combined efforts of a journalist, politician and a team of high-profile, pro bono lawyers finally saw him exonerated.
In a statement, the family of Andrew Mallard said they were shocked to learn overnight of his sudden death.
Former journalist Colleen Egan, who played a role in obtaining the acquittal of Mr Mallard, said she was assisting the family with media queries.
"His mother, Grace Mallard, sister Jacqui and brother-in-law Wayne are all devastated by the news," she said in a statement.

"They are being assisted by the Australian consulate in the US."
The statement said Mr Mallard had been based in the UK and was travelling frequently to the US, where his fiancee lived, and was looking forward to getting married.

Family, friends mourn death
His sister Jacqui Mallard said the family was devastated his life was cut short.
"Those years were taken from him and now his life has been taken," she said.
In a statement, WA Attorney-General John Quigley told the ABC he was terribly saddened by the tragedy.
"It's just fortunate that he got to spend 13 years of freedom after so much time wrongfully imprisoned," Mr Quigley said.
"My thoughts are with Grace and Jacqui."
Los Angeles Police are investigating.

'They framed me for a murder I did not commit'
Mr Mallard spoke to ABC's Australian Story in 2010, describing the torment he endured during his incarceration.
"I was wrongfully imprisoned. There's a stigma that goes with that and still goes with that," he said.
"I know what they did to me and it's the truth. They framed me for a murder I did not commit."

Ms Egan had worked on the Mallard case for two years when she became convinced there had been a miscarriage of justice.
"There probably are still people out there who believe that Andrew did it. There probably always will be," Ms Egan said.
"It was just a cruel twist of fate that put him on a collision course with this inquiry and it was just a matter of fact that there were police who were willing to act dishonestly.
"There was a prosecutor willing to run a case that wasn't quite right, and there were three judges who refused to believe it when evidence was put in front of them, and they saw what the High Court saw."

Desperate in her efforts to find new evidence, she took a risk in seeking the assistance of then shadow attorney-general John Quigley, who had been the WA Police Union's lawyer for 25 years.
Soon Mr Quigley, with his intimate knowledge of policing practices, made a breakthrough, finding crucial evidence never revealed to the defence.
Mr Mallard's supporters were devastated three years later when, despite the new evidence, a fresh appeal to the WA Supreme Court failed. But they fought on.
It would be another two years before Mr Mallard's conviction was quashed by the High Court amid allegations of police and prosecution misconduct.
Topics: murder-and-manslaughter, crime, law-crime-and-justice, perth-6000, wa, united-states, australia

First posted 19 Apr 2019

Former Crown Resorts employee Jenny Jiang CREDIT-THE AGE

​Jenny Jiang was relaxing in her apartment in suburban Shanghai when she heard a heavy knock on the door.

​Jenny Jiang spent four weeks in a Chinese prison thanks to the actions of her employer - Crown Resorts.

Susan Maushart explores a series of wrongful imprisonments in Western Australia.

Crime_Corruption_Commission_Western_Australia_The Operations Support Unit operated secretly, from separate premises, the report found

Jane Rimmer, Sarah Spiers, and Ciara Glennon all went missing from the Claremont entertainment district. (ABC News)

Please see above photo on the left of Jane Rummer talking to the mystery man

and the photo on the right seems to show a man, with a long lens camera, who could also be the mystery man,

who could have been taking a photo of Jane Rimmer before he went and spoke to Jane Rimer

Sarah Anne McMahon

Abraham ("Abe") Gilbert Saffron was connected with the Mafia, the triads and Five Eyes (CIA) and helped the CIA/MI6 run their criminal activities in Australia including running prostitution, gambling, and illegal drugs etc. in Western Australia, and was that compromised people including senior police, politicians, senior people in government and semi-government bodies, judges and magistrates etc. in powerful positions for his Mafia, the triads and Five Eyes (CIA) partners by secretly filming them at his Sydney Motel at sex/drugs/ and rock and roll parties and romps ..... that helped gain necessary favours from them when wanted ..... thus Abe Safron also had the "Green Light" like Sir Peter Ables and Len Buckeridge also had to be able to be involved with any criminal offences without fear in investigation or arrest ...

Abraham ("Abe") Gilbert Saffron was an Australian hotelier, nightclub owner and property developer who was one of the major figures in organised crime in Australia in the latter half of the 20th century. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abe_Saffron

Abraham Gilbert Saffron (6 October 1919 – 15 September 2006) was an Australian hotelier, nightclub owner and property developer who was one of the major figures in organised crime in Australia in the latter half of the 20th century.
For several decades, members of government, the judiciary and the media made repeated allegations that Saffron was involved in a wide range of criminal activities, including illegal alcohol sales, dealing in stolen goods, illegal gambling, prostitution, drug dealing, bribery and extortion. Abraham ("Abe") Gilbert Saffron was charged with a range of offences including "scandalous conduct", possession of an unlicensed firearm and possession of stolen goods, but his only major conviction was for federal tax evasion. gained nationwide notoriety in the media, earning various nicknames including "Mr Sin", "a Mr Big of Australian crime" and "the boss of the Cross" (a reference to the Kings Cross red-light district, where he owned numerous businesses).
Abraham ("Abe") Gilbert Saffron  was alleged to have been involved in police corruption and bribing politicians. Saffron always vigorously denied such accusations, and was renowned for the extent to which he was willing to sue for libel against his accusers.

Quashed convictions spark calls for legal shake-up
Hagar Cohen
 16 Jul 2010,


PHOTO: Michael Kirby says he would support a body to review criminal cases where there are allegations of miscarriage of justice. (ABC News)

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2010-07-16/quashed-convictions-spark-calls-for-legal-shake-up/907768

A recently retired High Court judge has added his voice to calls for a shake-up of the criminal justice system.
Michael Kirby says he would support the establishment of an independent body to review criminal cases where there are allegations of a miscarriage of justice.
"What we need to consider in Australia is a body which is full-time working on examining these cases, so that it doesn't depend upon a letter written to some newspaper that gets people behind it," he said.
"There are too many chance factors in that and too many possibilities of slipping through the floor boards."

A Criminal Case Review Commission in Britain was set up 10 years ago, tasked with investigating prisoners claims of innocence.
In Australia, there have been two recent cases where people convicted of murder have had their convictions quashed after serving lengthy jail terms.
Andrew Mallard in Perth and Graham Stafford in Queensland were released from prison after a team of legal and other experts investigated their cases pro bono for years, and found new evidence in the process.

But these cases may be the tip of an iceberg.
The case attracting the most attention is in the legal fraternity is the Henry Keogh case in South Australia.
Keogh has been in jail in Adelaide for the past 16 years after being found guilty of drowning his fiance, Anna Jane Cheney, in the bath of her Adelaide home.
He was convicted of her murder and sentenced for life.
For the past 10 years a group of lawyers, medical experts, and human rights advocates has been campaigning for the re-opening of Keogh's case.
They say the much of the forensic evidence given by a Crown expert witness at the trial is flawed.

The Keogh team says the autopsy conducted by then-chief forensic pathologist in Adelaide Doctor Colin Manock was incomplete, and that some of his expert advice was wrong.

'Miscarriage of justice'
One of the people who has been working on the Keogh case is Doctor Byron Collins, a Melbourne based forensic pathologist.
He says Doctor Manock had diagnosed non-accidental drowning as the cause of death, without excluding conditions like epilepsy, heart infection or sudden unexpected collapse.
"In this case where the autopsy is incomplete, I think it's really inappropriate to say that this is homicide from the witness box," Dr Collins said.

In a rare interview, Dr Manock told ABC1's Background Briefing program that he rejects the criticism and stands by his autopsy report.
"At the time it was an obvious case of drowning and I felt that the findings that I described were sufficient to support drowning," he said.
The Keogh case is closed, so the South Australian Attorney General must approve the re-opening of the case for new evidence to be heard in court.
But former attorney-general Michael Atkinson has already refused three petitions from Keogh's lawyers asking for the evidence to be re-examined.

They are now in the process of submitting the fourth petition.
Keogh's barrister Kevin Borick and the other legal experts working on the Keogh case have been pushing for the establishment of an independent criminal case review commission, that could assess the new evidence in the Keogh case.

"There's a very powerful case that there was a miscarriage of justice, that the trial process was totally unfair," he said.
- Background Briefing airs this Sunday at 9:10 am AEST and Tuesday at 7:05 pm AEST on Radio National.
Topics: judges-and-legal-profession, law-crime-and-justice, courts-and-trials, prisons-and-punishment, australia
First posted 16 Jul 2010,

Crown casino, Melbourne. CREDIT:JASON SOUTH

Police undertook checks on all Perth taxi cabs. (ABC News)

Police outside the Kewdale house where Bradley Edwards was arrested. (ABC News: Robert Koenig-Luck)

Police appealed for public help on multiple occasions. (ABC News)

Another WA corruption scandal emerges

#9News #9NewsPerth #PerthNews
Nine News Perth
There's a new corruption scandal emerging in Perth, this time relating to an employee at Western Power. Subscribe here: https://bit.ly/2ojPZ6G More Perth News here: https://bit.ly/36dullR

 

Melbourne financial adviser Roy Moo, who was prosecuted for laundering drug money through Crown casino, deposits bundles of drug money at Crown in 2012

John Quigley holds up a letter of apology from WA Police to Mr Mallard in 2006, flanked by Grace (left) and Jacqui Mallard. (AAP: Adam Gartrell)

Corruption and Crime Commission head John McKechnie, who was accused of corruptly protecting powerful people working for the Western Australian Public Trustee and a barrister, and other powerful people like Billionaire Building magnate Len Buckeridge from being charged and prosecuted for provable criminal offenses such as perjury, conspiracy to defraud, and assault ... when he was the director of Public Prosecutions .. and in return John McKechnie, was made a Supreme Court Judge and then the head of the Corruption and Crime Commission for Western Australia. ..... John McKechnie was personally provided the information and evidence of such crimes and chose to completely ignore  the information and evidence of such crimes .... making it clear that some people in Western Australian are protected with a Gren Light to commit and be involved with criminal activities knowing they will never be investigated or charged ... it has also been called "Selective Prosecution "".... One Rule for One Person who has no powerful connections or influence..... and another Rule for Another Person who has powerful connections or influence.....   

Billionaire Building Magnate Leonard Walter Buckeridge, the founder of the BCG Companies, on-site giving the orders when he was helping the Liberal Government, and Five Eyes crush the worker's union's influence in Western Australia and the Waterside Workers Union Australian wide

The palm print that would help overturn Andrew Mallard's conviction after 12 years in prison. (Getty Images: John Moore)

Claremont serial killings trial podcast: ‘Police Errors’
PerthNow
January 16, 2020 

https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/claremont-serial-killings-trial-podcast-police-errors-ng-b881435731z  

The defence team for the accused Claremont Serial Killer, Bradley Edwards focused on forensic collection errors made by police when Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies were found in 1996 and 1997.
Sergeant Gary Hyde was grilled about errors in transcripts and the data entry of forensic pieces from samples collected from the murdered women.
On day 26, we’re joined by forensic expert Brendan Chapman, who helps walk us through some of the potential risks that come with incorrect entries in forensic databases, as well as answers to your questions about DNA and forensics.

We also got a glimpse of the type of person Ciara Glennon was in life, with photos of her bedroom just hours after she went missing shown to the court.
The moment trapped in time, as the court saw clothes strewn across her bed and shoes on the floor. The bedroom left by a woman in a hurry, never to return.
Join Natalie Bonjolo, Tim Clarke and Brendan Chapman as they navigate the world of forensics and DNA.
For more on the Claremont Serial Killings Trial, head to https://thewest.com.au/news/claremont-serial-killings
You can send in any questions you have about the trial to claremontpodcast@wanews.com.au

Jane Rimmer's body was found partly covered in vegetation off a road in Wellard. (Supplied: Supreme Court of WA)

Andrew Mallard - Jailed for 12 years: Andrew Mallard's wrongful murder conviction |-Australian Story

Don and Carol Spiers heard the last recording of their daughter Sarah's voice played in court.  

The former Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan

James Packer-A "passive role"- James Packer denies knowledge of Crown's activities in China.CREDIT-THE AGE

CROWN UNMASKED
Gangsters, gamblers and Crown casino: How it all went wrong
Jenny Jiang's world was turned upside down when the Crown employee was arrested and jailed for breaking Chinese gambling law. But even she didn't know the extent of what her company was up to.
By Nick McKenzie, Nick Toscano and Grace Tobin
JULY 27, 2019

What Wikipedia.org said about The Claremont Serial Killings  As at 20th January 2020
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claremont_serial_killings
As at 20th January 2020

The Claremont serial killings is the name given by the media to a case involving the disappearance of an Australian woman, aged 18, and the killings of two others, aged 23 and 27, in 1996-1997. After attending night spots in Claremont, a wealthy western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, all three women disappeared in similar circumstances leading police to suspect that an unidentified serial killer was the offender. The case, described as the state's biggest, longest running, and most expensive investigation, remains unsolved.[1][2] However, in 2016, a suspect, Bradley Robert Edwards, was arrested. His trial began in November 2019.[3][4]


Background of The Claremont Serial Killings 
The case began with the disappearance of Sarah Spiers (18) on 27 January 1996, after she left Club Bayview in the centre of Claremont at around 2:00 am.[5] At 2:06 am, Spiers called Swan Taxis from a public telephone booth.[1] Although she was living in South Perth with her older sister at the time, she had requested to be taken to the nearby suburb of Mosman Park.[1] She was then sighted waiting alone near the corner of Stirling Road and Stirling Highway by three eyewitnesses, who also mentioned seeing an unidentified car stopping where she was waiting[1] However, she was not at the site when the responding taxi arrived at 2:09 and, in the dark,[2] could have been missed by the driver. Her disappearance soon attracted massive publicity[6][7] and her fate remains unknown.[8][9]

In the early hours of Sunday 9 June 1996, Jane Rimmer (23) from Shenton Park, also disappeared from the same part of Claremont.[10] Similar to Spiers, she had been out socialising with friends the night before. Rimmer's friends explained how they had moved from the Ocean Beach Hotel to the Continental Hotel and then Club Bayview.[1] Noting the long line at the club, her friends then caught a taxi home, but Rimmer opted to stay, and she was last seen on security footage waiting outside the Continental at 12:04 am.[1] Fifty-five days later, on Saturday, 3 August 1996, her naked body was found 40 km south in bush-land near Woolcoot Road, Wellard by a family picking wildflowers.[11][12]

Nine months later, in the early hours of Saturday 15 March 1997, Ciara Glennon, a 27-year-old lawyer from Mosman Park, also disappeared from the Claremont area.[13][14] Like the others, she was with friends at the Continental and had decided to make her own way home. Three men at a bus stop saw Glennon walking south along Stirling Highway at approximately 12:30 am, and observed her interacting with an unidentified light coloured vehicle which had stopped by her.[1] Nineteen days later, on 3 April, her semi-clothed body was found by a bush walker, 40 km north, near a track in scrub off Pipidinny Road in Eglinton.

Investigation of The Claremont Serial Killings
Within 48 hours of the disappearance of Spiers, the case was taken over by the Major Crimes Squad.[1] After the disappearance of Rimmer, the WA Police setup a special task-force called Macro to investigate the two similar cases.[16][17] After the disappearance of Glennon, police confirmed that they were searching for a serial killer, and the WA government offered a $250,000 reward, the largest ever offered in the state at that time.[1]

Initial suspicion centred on the unidentified vehicles seen at two of the locations, and on an unidentified man seen in the video footage.[1] Suspicion then focused on Perth's taxi-drivers given that the women were last seen in circumstances where they may have used taxis. This included a taxi-driver who claimed to have transported Spiers the night before her disappearance.[18] A massive fingerprint and DNA-testing exercise was then carried out on the thousands of taxi drivers licensed in Western Australia.[19][20] Given evidence of a number of unlicenced operators, examining standards for eligibility were raised, and 78 drivers with significant criminal history were de-licensed.[2][21] Stricter standards were also applied to verifying that decommissioned taxis were stripped of insignia and equipment.[1] In December 2015, investigators finally revealed that fibres taken from Rimmer were identified as coming from a VS Series 1 Holden Commodore.[2]
Macro attracted both praise and criticism for their handling of the case.[2] At its peak, it had over 100 members across 10 teams. To avoid leaks, strict confidentiality protocols were implemented, and details of the nature of the deaths and injuries were suppressed.[1] One of the tactics used by Macro was the controversial distribution of questionnaires to 110 "persons of interest", including various confrontational enquiries such as "Are you the killer?"[2] Another was its reliance on international experts and use of an imported lie detector machine.[2] Further, one of its officers accepted an offer by David Birnie to assist the investigation.[2][22] Criticism was also laid on its overly narrow focus on the initial prime suspect despite the lack of direct evidence (as occurred in the cases of Andrew Mallard and Lloyd Rayney).[23] Over its lifetime, Macro was subject to 11 police reviews, including one in August 2004 led by Paul Schramm, the officer who led the Snowtown investigation.[2] It was finally wound down in September 2005 and the investigation moved to the Special Crimes

Suspects of The Claremont Serial Killings 
As with similar cases, experts suggested that the suspect was probably a single white male, aged 25–35, who had a residence in the area, who appeared trustworthy, was organised, social, and probably well educated.[2] Local sex workers were also questioned for signs of unusual behaviour in clients.

In April 1998, a public servant from Cottesloe, Lance Williams (41), was identified by police as the prime suspect, after his behaviour attracted their attention (e.g. driving around after midnight and circling the Claremont area up to 30 times)[24] during a decoy operation.[25][23] Subjected to a high level of surveillance and police pressure over several years, he continued to maintain his innocence. After interviewing him six times at length, police declared in late 2008 that he was "no longer a person of interest".[26] He died in 2018.[24]

It was reported that police also investigated whether Bradley Murdoch may have been involved,[27] although Murdoch was serving a custodial sentence from November 1995 until February 1997. In October 2006, it was also announced that Mark Dixie was a prime suspect in the killings, and that Macro had requested DNA samples.[28] However, WA Police Deputy Commissioner Murray Lampard was later quoted as saying: "Dixie was closely investigated at the time and eventually ruled out as a suspect."[29][30][31]

 The Trial of Bradley Robert Edwards
On 22 December 2016, Bradley Robert Edwards (48) was arrested at his Kewdale house in relation to the deaths of both Rimmer and Glennon.[32] According to ABC News, he is believed to have had no previous link to the case. The next day, Edwards was charged with both murders.[33] He has also been charged in relation to two other alleged attacks: a house break and enter and unlawful detention of an 18-year-old woman in Huntingdale on 15 February 1988, and the unlawful detention and two counts of aggravated sexual penetration without consent of a 17-year-old girl in Claremont on 12 February 1995,[note 1][33][34][35] On 22 February 2018, Edwards was also charged with the wilful murder of the third victim, Spiers.[36][37] [38]
In all, Edwards was charged with the following offences:[39]
Count 1 On 15 February 1988, at Huntingdale, the accused broke and entered the dwellinghouse of EWH with intent to commit an offence therein and the offence was committed at night.
Count 2 On the same date and at the same place as count 1, the accused unlawfully deprived ALH of her personal liberty.
Count 3 On 12 February 1995, at Claremont and elsewhere, the accused unlawfully detained KJG.
Count 4 On the same date as in count 3, at Karrakatta, the accused sexually penetrated KJG without her consent, by penetrating her vagina with his penis, and did bodily harm to KJG, and did an act which was likely to seriously and substantially degrade or humiliate KJG.
Count 5 On the same date and at the same place as count 4, the accused sexually penetrated KJG without her consent, by penetrating her anus with his penis, and did bodily harm to KJG, and did an act which was likely to seriously and substantially degrade or humiliate KJG.
Count 6 On or about 27 January 1996, at Claremont and elsewhere, the accused wilfully murdered Sarah Jane Spiers.
Count 7 On or about 9 June 1996, at Claremont and elsewhere, the accused wilfully murdered Jane Louise Rimmer.
Count 8 On or about 15 March 1997, at Claremont and elsewhere, the accused wilfully murdered Ciara Eilish Glennon.

On 21 October 2019, Edwards pleaded guilty to charges 1-5[40]

The trial began on 25 November, and will resume on 6 January 2020.[41][42][43] One of the main pieces of evidence in the trial will be Telstra work vehicles. Edwards was working for the company as a technician at the time, and it will be claimed that he used company vehicles after hours to execute the crimes. This is corroborated by a witness who recalled seeing a Telstra van parked on multiple occasions at the Karrakatta Cemetery "for no apparent reason", both after that attack and before Spiers' disappearance.[3] According to the prosecutor, Carmel Barbagallo, the state intends to present this evidence as part of a case called "Telstra Living Witness project", where between 1995 and 1997 a man with a Telstra station wagon stopped to look at women and offer them rides.[3]

During the Trial a witness Brandon Gray from the group of men dubbed "Burger Boys" identified a Series 1 VS Commodore station waggon as cruising past them shortly after Ciara Glennon walked past. The vehicle had distinctive tear-drop hubcaps which were present on some Series 1 VS commodores [44]

Possible Related Cases to The Claremont Serial Killings 
It has been suggested by journalist Liam Bartlett that Spiers was not the first victim.[25] He wrote that police have told the father of a fourth missing woman, 22-year-old Julie Cutler, that his daughter was probably a victim of the Claremont killer. Cutler, a university student from Fremantle, vanished after leaving a staff function at the Parmelia Hilton Hotel in Perth at 9:00 pm on 20 June 1988.[2] Her car was found in the surf near the groyne at Cottesloe Beach two days later, and her fate remains unknown.[25]
Other possible cases include that of Lisa Brown (19), a prostitute who disappeared on 10 November 1998, and Sara McMahon (20), who disappeared on 8 November 2000.[2]

Media on The Claremont Serial Killings 
The End of Innocence, Estelle Blackburn, published in 2007
Australian Story, ABC, November 2007.
Hunt for a Killer: The Claremont Murders, Crime Investigation Australia, 2008.
The Claremont Serial Killer, Casefile True Crime Podcast, 20 August 2016.[2]
Claremont Serial killings podcast, The West Australian, 2019.[23]

 Notes on The Claremont Serial Killings 

 The victim was taken in Rowe Park, shortly after exiting Club Bay View. She was tied, raped, stripped, and abandoned in Karrakatta Cemetery. In 2009, DNA evidence linked these cases to the Glennon one.


References on The Claremont Serial Killings 
^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l Reel Truth Crime - True Crime (16 December 2018), The Claremont Murders | Crime Investigation Australia | Murders Documentary | True Crime, retrieved 11 June 2019
^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Casefile: True Crime Podcast – Case 30: The Claremont Serial Killer". Casefile: True Crime Podcast. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
^ Jump up to:a b c Menagh, Joanna (25 June 2019). "Accused 'malevolent' killer stalked Claremont to abduct women, court told". ABC News. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
^ Andrea Mayes (27 November 2019). "Bradley Edwards's first wife reveals fight the night before hospital worker attack". ABC News. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
^ "Claremont serial killings: Sarah Spiers murder charge for Bradley Robert Edwards". ABC News. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Taylor, Grant; Knowles, Gabrielle (22 December 2016). "The night Sarah Spiers disappeared from a Claremont street corner". The West Australian. Retrieved 27 February2018.
^ Stewart, Anthony (27 January 2016). "Unsolved serial killings still haunt West Australia". PM. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Flint, John (4 January 2015). "Claremont serial killer: Taxi clue to Ciara Glennon's death". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Thomson, Chris; Hayward, Andrea (28 August 2008). "New footage of Perth serial killer's victim released". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Buckley-Carr, Alana (29 August 2008). "CCTV footage could solve Claremont killings". The Australian. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Beattie, Adrian (30 April 2016). "WA police deny 'inaccurate' reports about Claremont serial killer 'mistake'". WAtoday. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Claremont serial killer video released Archived 12 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine. The West Australian. 28 August 2008.
^ Taylor, Grant (22 December 2016). "Nightmare begins for third family". The West Australian. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Wainwright, Robert (25 September 2004). "Closing in on a killer". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Australian Broadcasting Corporation Archived 25 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Australian Story, He Who Waits, 9 February 2004
^ "Police deny talk of Claremont arrest". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Pennells, Steve (31 May 2015). "Why we didn't catch the Claremont killer". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "Police raid lawyer in hunt for serial killer". The Age. Australian Associated Press. 17 September 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "The Courage of our Convictions – The Claremont Serial Killer". Radio National. 25 June 2000. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Kidman, John (1 October 2006). "Murder accused linked to WA riddle". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ Moulton, Emily (27 May 2015). "Almost 20 years on police have yet to catch the Claremont serial killer". Herald Sun. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "Claremont detective turned to serial killer to help him with case". NewsComAu. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
^ Jump up to:a b c "Claremont Serial Killings Podcast". PerthNow. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
^ Jump up to:a b Allan-Petale, David (6 February 2018). "Former Claremont serial killer suspect Lance Williams dies". WAtoday. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
^ Jump up to:a b c Christian, Bret (1 February 2003). "'Police decoy used in killer hunt sting'". Post Newspapers. Archived from the original on 8 April 2006. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "Claremont serial killings suspect cleared". WAtoday. 26 November 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "Murdoch's movements probed". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press. 17 December 2005. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
^ "Breaking Australian and World News Headlines - 9News". Retrieved 24 December2016.
^ Russell, Mark (24 February 2008). "Did this man kill his first victims in Australia?". The Sunday Age. p. 6. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
^ Perpitch, Nicolas (24 February 2008). "WA police defend role in Dixie probe". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
^ "Murder accused linked to WA riddle - National - smh.com.au". Retrieved 24 December2016.
^ "Claremont serial killings: Man arrested over women's murders still in custody 24 hours later [22 December 2016]". ABC News. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
^ Jump up to:a b "Man questioned by cold case detectives over Claremont serial killings 23 December 2016". Perth Now Sunday Times. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
^ "Casefile: True Crime Podcast – Case 30: The Claremont Serial Killer (update)". Casefile: True Crime Podcast. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
^ "Experts to help prove Claremont DNA not contaminated". The West Australian. 20 March 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
^ "Claremont serial killings: Sarah Spiers murder charge for Bradley Robert Edwards". ABC News. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
^ "The eight charges faced by Bradley Robert Edwards". The West Australian. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
^ Barry, Heather McNeill, Hannah (17 December 2019). "Claremont killer trial LIVE: Mother becomes tearful recounting finding Jane Rimmer's body while picking lilies". WAtoday. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
^ THE STATE OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA -v- EDWARDS, 20 March 2019, retrieved 18 January 2020
^ Mayes, rea; Hamlyn, Charlotte (21 October 2019). "Claremont trial rocked as accused killer admits to rape, attacks on two women". ABC News. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
^ Hamlyn, Charlotte (24 April 2019). "Claremont serial killer trial of Bradley Edwards may be delayed as new evidence emerges". ABC News.
^ "WA's 'trial of the century' to begin in November". The West Australian. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
^ "Claremont accused admits rape". www.theaustralian.com.au. 21 October 2019. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
^ Barry, Heather McNeill, Hannah (17 December 2019). "Claremont killer trial LIVE: Mother becomes tearful recounting finding Jane Rimmer's body while picking lilies". WAtoday. Retrieved 24 December 2019.

External links  on The Claremont Serial Killings 
Jane Rimmer at Find a Grave
Hunt for a Killer: The Claremont Murders - Crime Investigation Australia - YouTube

Disturbing network' of corrupt guards, crime gangs smuggle drugs into WA jails: CCC
https://www.watoday.com.au/politics/western-australia/disturbing-network-of-corrupt-guards-crime-gangs-smuggle-drugs-into-wa-jails-ccc-20180626-p4znwr.html
By Nathan Hondros -27 June 2018  
Lax security in WA's prison system has been the subject of an ongoing Corruption and Crime Commission investigation.
A covert investigation into the security of the state's corrections system has unveiled a "disturbing network" of corrupt prison guards, prisoners and "organised crime syndicates" is smuggling drugs into WA prisons.
A damning Corruption and Crime Commission report, which was tabled in WA Parliament on Tuesday, found smuggling drugs into jail was as easy as stuffing them down the front of a prison officer's pants.
It labelled the state's prison system a "corruption risk hot-spot".
There were "multiple instances" of custodial officers associating with criminals and members of crime gangs, using prohibited drugs, smuggling prohibited drugs into prison and taking bribes in the form of cash and drugs, according to investigators.
The report found corrupt officers swapped "large amounts" of cash for anabolic steroids, methylamphetamine, and synthetic cannabis and alleged two former prison officers at the centre of the investigation "possessed and supplied steroids and methylamphetamine to prisoners".
The investigation also uncovered a custodial officer who smuggled steroids into Australia.
The CCC found it was "alarmingly easy for prisoners and organised crime syndicates to groom prison officers".
None of the prison officers targeted by the joint CCC-Department of Justice investigation had a history of criminality, but w

Ciara Glennons Family

​The Glennon family leave St Marys Cathedral after service for their daughter Ciara Eilish Glennon a 28 year old solicitor who may have been abducted from the Claremont suburb of Perth in Western Australia  

John Button waited nearly 25 years to prove his innocence. (ABC TV)

Jenny Jiang Former Crown Resorts employee being arrested in China in 2016. CREDIT: 60 MINUTES

Stanley Ho-Macau casino giant 

".... The Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan and his Western Australian Police Service and the Task Force set up to investigate the Claremont Serial Killings have constantly for the last 18 years have not been interested in viewing the Explosive NYT.bz Investigation that would help the Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan and his Western Australian Police Service and the Task Force solve the Claremont Serial Killings ......" .... David Williams _NYT.bz Investigation Team 


​http://inlnews.com/WestAustralianCorruption.html


http://awn.bz/BrendonOconnell_TheTruth.html​


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http://awn.bz/AustralianCrimeBossesP1.html


One of the reasons why the Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan and his Western Australian Police Service and the Task Force are not interested any real information and investigation into the Claremont Serial Killings is because the truth of who was involved and why the Claremont Serial Killings and other rapes, attempted rapes, abductions, attempted abductions, murder, attempted murder, billion of illegal drugs sold in Western Australia, Armed robberies hits a bit too close to home and a bit to close to powerful people that are protected and are effectively above the law ... and have the green light given to them by the Western Australian Police Service to be able to commit or be involved in any crime they want without fear of investigation and/or arrest.

 Some Comments are taken from the NYT.bz Investigation Team's explosive investigation into the last 60 years on the policing, political, courts, government, prosecution, criminal networks, social and business networks, media, business and the legal world of Perth and Western Australia....

What the Western Australian Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan and Stephen Brown, the Deputy Western Australian Police Commissioners and the various Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioners need to do to help to start solving Western Australia’s crime ever-increasing crime woes is to sack all the Western Austrian Police Officer involved in committing serious crimes and/or protecting those who are involved in committing serious crimes such as illegal drug, importation, manufacture, growing and distribution, armed robberies, fraud and abductions, rape and murder …
The NYT.bz investigation team have for a long time offered information in their explosive investigation report on the history of crime, politics, law, policing, courts and the legal world of Perth and Western Australia 
 The NYT.bz investigation files that cover the last 60 years in Western Australia have plenty of evidence and examples of Western Australia Police Officers, including very senior police as high as the Commissioner of Police being involved in committing serious crimes and/or protecting those who are involved in committing serious crimes such as illegal drug, importation, manufacture, growing and distribution, armed robberies, fraud and abductions, rape and murder … Unfortunately, there is a culture in Western Australia whereby Western Australian Police are not keen to police themselves when the police are committing crimes … there is a brotherhood and even sisterhood code of silence that stops one police officer in Western Australia from bringing to light criminal, wrongful and/or immoral actions committed by other Western Australian Police Officers, no matter how bad or how serious the crime and/or wrongful and/or immoral action committed by Western Australian Police Officer. A special investigation report on the running to the state of Western Australia covering, politics, law, courts ( clerical and judicial staff and employed in the courts), police, prosecution, crown law, the legal fraternity (lawyers barristers, magistrates, judges, justices), the ministry of justice, police, business, illegal drug networks, criminal networks, media, business, finance, banking, the Western Australian Public Trustee and all levels and sections of the Western Australian Government and semi-quasi government bodies and organizations etc., prepared over the last 60 years at great expense and thousands of man-hours and resources …. Shows along with many others the following examples … In the report names are mentioned and everything and everyone is exposed….. with no holes barred in exposing the whole rotten lot and everyone involved and how it all operates and who operates what and why? Without naming names in this short general comment on the Karl O'Callaghan, the Western Australian Police Commissioner’s comments in the West Australian Newspaper about how to reduce the ever-increasing crime rate in Western Australia the following examples are give: 

1. A well known drug/heroin user named “Mary” was in the Bat and Ball Tavern in Rivervale, Perth, Western Australia when two of the Western Australian Police Drug Squad approached Mary and stated … “….. Mary… we know that you are a well known Heroin User and user of other illegal drugs …. if you try to score heroin or other illegal drugs in this tavern, we will have to bust you and arrest you for purchasing illegal drugs, however is you go to the Charles Hotel in North Perth, were our approved drug dealer works, then you will not be busted or arrested for buying illegal drugs …” Mary took their advice and went to the Charles Hotel in North Perth and purchased Heroin from the Western Australian Police Drug Squad 2 Drug Dealer and was not harassed, bust or arrested for purchasing heroin at the Charles Hotel in North Perth … 

2. One of the Western Australian Police Commissioners lived in the same street in City Beach, Perth, Western Australian (which an expensive upmarket ocean side suburb of Perth, Western Australia ..) … as a major heroin and crystal meth Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system ....Crystal meth – illicit methamphetamine hydrochloride ... and marijuana dealer in Western Australia .. and this Western Australian Police Commissioners and his family went to Sunday Barbeques with the major heroin and crystal meth and marijuana dealer in Western Australia ….. in fact this Western Australian Police Commissioner organized for this major heroin and crystal meth Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system .... Crystal meth – illicit methamphetamine hydrochloride ... and marijuana dealer in Western Australia to be released early form a 15 year jail sentence he had received for sale and supply and importation of heroin in Western Australia … so he could re-start selling illegal drugs for the crime syndicate that this Western Australian Police Commissioner for and with ….when this major heroin and crystal meth Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system ....Crystal meth – illicit methamphetamine hydrochloride ... and marijuana dealer in Western Australia was in the defendant’s dock in the District Court for his trial in 1983/84 in heroin importation, supply and selling charges …. were he ended up pleading guilty and yelling in a loud voice to the court and at the same time pointing to the Western Australian Police Drug Squad detectives that were sitting in court that had lain the charges and arrested him for importation, supply and selling heroin …. “... your Honour ….. I openly admit that my business is importing, supplying and selling heroin and other illegal drugs …. that is how I make my living ….. I openly admit that …. however, I want to point out to the court that those Western Australian Drug Squad Detectives sitting in court today that arrested me for the importing, supplying and selling heroin and other illegal drugs charges are my business partners and have been for the last few years and have shared the profits with me I have made over these years … so why aren’t they charged as well with me for these criminal offenses…” Of course nothing happened to the Western Australian Police officers in the Drug Squad .. the major drug dealer was handed a 15-year jail sentence and the Western Australian Police officers in the Drug Squad continued to find other drugs dealers to partner with to sell illegal drugs in Western Australia … 

3. The was an occasion in Fremanlte were a journalist was attending a Neighbourhood Watch Meeting which was chaired by the Western Australian Police Commissioner… the journalist put his hand up and asked the Western Australian Police Commissioner if an appointment can be arranged for the journalist to have a private meeting with the Western 3 Australian Police Commissioner during the net week to provide details and information about Western Australian Police being involved in the importation, supply and selling illegal drugs in Perth and Western Australia …. the of response the Western Australian Police Commissioner was this … the Western Australian Police Commissioner ordered security to have the journalist removed from the Neighbourhood Watch Meeting and said the journalist he tried to re-enter the Neighbourhood Watch Meeting, the Western Australian Police Commissioner would order the Western Australian Police to have the journalist arrested … the journalist was given a clear message by the Western Australian Police Commissioner… that the Western Australian Police Commissioner was not at all interested in being provided information about the Western Australian Police being involved with the importation, selling and supplying illegal drugs in Perth and Western Australia and that the Western Australian Police Commissioner was very upset that the journalist even mentioned the subject of the Western Australian Police being involved with the importation, selling and supplying illegal drugs in Perth and Western Australia.. 

4. A journalist met a doctor in Perth, who used to work for the Western Australian Police Service. The Doctor stated that is was quite common and normal for the doctor be get into the lift at Police Head Quarters at number 1 Adelaide Terrace, Perth, Western Australia on a Monday morning on the way up to the doctor’s office at the same time with Western Australian Drug Squad Detectives who had on their possession a number of large green garbage bags of marijuana which they had confiscated from drugs dealers over the weekend …. there were often 4 to 6 large green bags of marijuana they had in their possession … the doctors recounted the typical conversation between the Western Australian Police Officers …. “ the police offer that seemed to be in charge of the other police officers would say something like this .. ‘well boys …. I will take this one bag of marijuana up to be logged into the property room as the official amount of marijuana we busted the drug dealer with over the weekend … and you will take the rest of the bags of marijuana in your car and drop them off to our drug dealer to sell on the streets for us …’ …. and that is what would happen … only one green bag of marijuana was logged into the property room as the amount of marijuana officially found on the drug dealer.. and the other green bags and marijuana was taken by the Western Australian Drug Squad detectives and given to their approved drug dealer to be sold on the streets of Perth and Western Australia .. 

5. A journalist was told by a drug dealer who worked with the Western Australian Police Drug Squad that one of the methods they would organize to bring drugs into Western Australia was by getting a drug courier that worked with corrupt Western Australian Police and corrupt Federal Police to bring into Australian a quantity of illegal drugs which the drug courier would be allowed to get away with bringing them through the airport from overseas or from interstate .. . what the drug courier that worked with the corrupted Western Australian and/or Federal Police would do told to do, was told befriend an innocent young person ( male of female) on the plane or at the airport and talk them into sharing a hotel room to save money …. the innocent traveler would have no idea that the person that they were sharing a hotel room with was carrying a quality of illegal drugs with them … then the next thing would happen would be that the West Australian Drug Squad would out of the blue early that morning raid the hotel room where the drug courier that was working in with the corrupt police was staying with the innocent traveler…. the drug courier that worked with the corrupted police would arrange to plant/hide the illegal drugs in a draw in the bathroom or under the other innocent traveler’s bed or in the other innocent travelers suitcase or bag ….. without the innocent travelers being 4 aware …. and then when the police raided their hotel room they would be have been told by the drug courier where to find the drugs and both people would be initially arrested for the importation of illegal drugs to make it look good … but in the end the real drug courier will be moved to another prison and quietly be released as being the informer who dobbed the other (actually innocent) traveler in as the drug courier, when in fact it was the drug courier that is released with no charges that was the real dug courier and the traveler that was rotting is jail with no bail and facing up to 20 years in jail for a drug importation charge .. with no one prepared to believe him or her that he or she have been set up … the aim of the exercise to make it look like the Western Australian Drug Squad and/or the Australian Federal Police have done a wonderful job in busting drug importers with a good informer helping them … this helps the police officers rise in the ranks of the police force and they end up retiring on a high police rank with am excellent police pension … the other aim of this exercise is that when the drugs are found in the hotel room, only a small quantity of the illegal drugs would be logged into the Police Property section as being found in the hotel room, and the rest of the illegal drugs would be put back for sale on the streets with drug dealers working for and with the corrupt police drug squad detectives …

6. A person who knew a young man when he was around 17 years old, who used to work for him in a take way food business and tried to help the young man who came from a broke home and was a little bit into small petty crimes like breaking and entering and stealing a TV etc …. and tried to help the young man live a proper crime-free life … by trying to be a sort of a father figure … the young man eventually went his own way and the person did not see the young man around the streets of Perth for around 5 years…. then after about 5 years when the young man was around 23 years old …. the person ran into the young man one day in the street and offered to buy the young man a cup of coffee …. and something to eat ….. the person asked the young man what he has been going over the last 5 years as Perth is a small town (this was in the second half of the 1980’s and first part of the 1990’s) … and had not seen the young man around for the last five years… the young man replied that he ended up with a heroin habit and robbed a bank of $50,000 to obtain the money to feed his heroin habit .. the young man stated he was finally caught by the Western Australian Police for the bank robbery and the police said to him when he was arrested for robbing the bank for $50,000 .. “.. son …. you are looking to spend up to 20 years in jail for robbing a bank with a gun .. we can help you …  but you have to help us in return …” .. the young man then asked what he had to do or what the police wanted him to do that that he would not end up spending up to 20 years in jail for the bank robbery used a gun … the answer the police gave the young man was staggering to say the least… the police put the following deal to the young man … “ ..if you are prepared to sign a false statement that says that you stole $300,000 from the bank you did actually rob …when you only actually stole $50,000 and you are prepared to sign another false statement that you also robbed three other banks that you did not rob… then we will make sure we put a good word into the judge and make sure you only end up staying in prison for no more than around 5 years ….. however is you  do not take this deal we are offering you .. we will make sure you spend around 20 years in prison and you will be around 40 years old when you get out of prison … whereas if you accept out deal .. we will make sure you are out of prison on parole by the time you are only around 23 years old … “ …. the young man took the deal and the police stuck to their word and the young man was out of prison by the time he was around 23 years old .. the reason why the police wanted the young man to sign a false statement saying he has stolen around $300,000 rather than that actual amount of $50,000 was so that the bank could claim $300,000 from their insurance company rather that only $50,000 .. this way the bank, the bank manager, and the police could share the extra $250,000 from the insurance company .. thereby effectively making the Western Australian Police Service and the Sate of Western Australia … which the police officers are acting as agents for … involved in a conspiracy to defraud the bank’s insurance company .. along with the bank, the bank manager and the police officers involved …. the reasons why the police wanted the young man to sign a further false statement that he had robbed three other banks that he did not rob was to help the police clean up their case solved records and so they could close these armed robbery files …. this would help the police officers involved rise in rank and eventually retire on a high rank with an excellent police pension which is higher the higher the rank they reach in the police force by the time they retire …. also the police had their own set of criminals and criminal networks that they worked with who specialised in armed robberies of shops sand banks including people like Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch, who the nty.bz report shows from witness statements obtained was the actual person responsible for the other three other armed bank robberies that the young man wrongly pleaded guilty for … Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch was at all times form his teenage years working with corrupt police, prison officers and other connected criminal gangs which included the Chinese Triads, doing criminal activities such as stealing luxury car, doing armed robberies, abductions and murders for various reasons including extortion and kidnapping rackets, selling body parts and making snuff and satanic movies and for satanic ritual sacrifice and swearing ceremonies for various groups and networks and to silence certain people who have broken the code of silent or who the various criminals and criminal networks are worried that they know too much and may be tempted to break the code of silence and expose one or more the  criminal network’s criminal activities .. such as the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon by Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch, with the help of Gareth Allen who would have been acting as an assistant to the professional, trained and experience killer Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch who kills without any mercy or compassion and without even the belief that what he is doing is wrong and illegal  .. to people like Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch killing a person is no different than cutting an animal’s throat in a slaughter house and is just business and is usually pleasure as well .. as Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch  seems to like killing people and seems to like have some sort of sexual activity and/or fantasy over a dead naked tied up female and male body … shown by the pornographic photos that Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch carries around in he sinister black bag consisting of pornographic photos of dead naked tied up female and male bodies with blood on them and blood on their sexual parts .. along with the keyrings he has collected for his at least seven murdered victims. Along with rope and knives and gaffer tape all tools for abduction and murder ..

7. Before three witnessed were murdered, they all made witnesses statements that the late Len Buckeridge, billionaire building Magnate, and his silent Chinese Triad Partners in the BGC Companies and Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch along with certain Western Australian Police have been involved  …  one way or another in the Claremont Serial Killings and other abductions and murders in Western Australia

8. That the Western Australian Police have ample evidence to charge Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch and Gareth Allen of being involved with the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon on the 8th of November, 2000, after the coroner ruled that he believed that Sara Anne McMahon is likely to be deceased and dies by unlawful means… the only Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch and Gareth Allen can be saved from being charged of being involved in the murder of Sarah Anne McMahon on the 8th of November, 2000, is my proving to the family of Sarah Anne McMahon, that she is still alive

9. There is ample evidence to charge Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch with a number of perjury charges for false statement he made at the Coroners inquiry and his trial for attempted murder which charge Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch was found guilty of an was sentenced to 13 years jail, but is due for release in 2017 or 2018.

10. There is ample evidence to charge Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch with supplying and selling $10,000 or more of illegal drugs based on the evidence provided at the coroner investigation into the disappearance/death/murder of Sarah Anne McMahon on the 8th of November, 2000, plus other witness statement available of the involvement of Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch with supplying and selling $10,000 or more of illegal drugs.

11. All effort and ways must be made to charge charge Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch with a new criminal charge or charges before he finishes his current attempted murder prison sentence as no person will be safe with Donald Victor Morey aka Donald Victor Matusevuch out of prison.

A damning picture of systemic misconduct inside the specialist covert operations unit of Western Australia's Corruption and Crime Commission has emerged from an investigation by the commission's Parliamentary Inspector.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-06-17/systemic-corruption-inside-ccc-watchdog-finds/6554220

PHOTO: The Operations Support Unit operated secretly, from separate premises, the report found.
RELATED STORY: Police called in to investigate CCC officers
RELATED STORY: Union accuses CCC investigators of bullying police

The number and nature of allegations made against OSU officers in this matter, and the systemic nature of the conduct investigated, revealed a disturbing culture of entitlement and unaccountability in the OSU contrary to the standards and values expected of public officers
Report into the operations support unit of the Corruption and Crime Commission

There has been significant obstruction, I must say. There has been a reluctance to cooperate with us
Assistant police commissioner Gary Budge

The report, by Michael Murray QC, catalogues 23 allegations of misconduct ranging from theft to improper interference with a police investigation.
The allegations about the commission's Operations Support Unit [OSU] emerged in July 2013 and have been the subject of a two-year investigation, which is continuing.
Mr Murray's report was tabled in Parliament by the Joint Standing Committee on the CCC, which oversees the corruption watchdog.
"The number and nature of allegations made against OSU officers in this matter, and the systemic nature of the conduct investigated, revealed a disturbing culture of entitlement and unaccountability in the OSU contrary to the standards and values expected of public officers," the report said.

The Parliamentary Inspector described the unit as operating "secretively" from separate premises to the commission's main office on St Georges Terrace in Perth.
Its officers had special powers and resources to provide surveillance and technical support for investigations being conducted by the CCC.
The allegations focused on the conduct of OSU officers during the previous few years.
"The nature of the allegations was dishonesty, improper practices, and abuse of statutory powers," Mr Murray said in his report.
"The conduct investigated indicated systemic cultural, behavioural and managerial failures within the OSU, and failures by senior commission officers, who, at various times, had executive managerial responsibility for that unit."
The allegations against the officers included theft, false record keeping, unauthorised use of commission equipment, misuse of an assumed identity, failure of an officer to disclose he had been arrested and convicted for possessing a prohibited drug, improper purchase of two motor vehicles, and unlawful obtaining of a driver's licence under an assumed identity.

There were also multiple allegations of favouritism in recruitment processes, and multiple allegations "of bullying, sexism, harassment and racial discrimination by OSU officers against colleagues."

The CCC also had to pay almost $270,000 to the Australian Tax Office for understating the personal use of commission vehicles issued to OSU officers.
Eight officers from the commission were either dismissed or left the organisation while the allegations were being investigated.
"During the police investigations, three commission officers were dismissed by the commission, four officers resigned and one senior officer did not have his contract of employment renewed," Mr Murray said.
"At the time of my report, the police have charged two commission officers with criminal offences relating to corruptly falsifying commission records, and giving false evidence to a commission examination conducted as part of its investigation of some allegations."

Police involvement created tension
WA Police became involved after the matter was referred to them by the Parliamentary Inspector, who was concerned that the allegations should be investigated independently of the CCC.
"In my view it was absolutely critical that there be no suggestion the CCC was being left to investigate its own and to deal with the matter in-house," Mr Murray told the closed hearing of the Joint Standing Committee.
"It needed to be dealt with in a transparent, open fashion according to law in the ordinary way that applies to the allegation of criminal offences committed by any citizen."

One of the key functions of the CCC is to oversee police, so the referral created tension between police investigators and commission officers.
The hearing heard evidence from WA Police Assistant Commissioner Gary Budge that police had been frustrated in their efforts to get information from the commission.
"There has been significant obstruction, I must say. There has been a reluctance to cooperate with us," he told the committee.
After requesting information, Assistant Commissioner Budge said police found some material had not been provided.
Commission officers then told police to itemise exactly what they wanted.
"We have been restricted in the way we can go about our investigation because of their reluctance to cooperate with us in regard to what is described as serious misconduct, corruption or criminal behaviour," Assistant Commissioner Budge told the committee.
In his report, the Parliamentary Inspector noted that by October 2014 police investigators and commission officers were at an impassse.
He said it "delayed the police investigation into suspected criminality on the part of some OSU officers".
At one stage, there was even a complaint by the CCC about the conduct of one of the WA police officers conducting the investigation.
"An obvious possibility of a conflict of interest arose in these circumstances because the police officer who was investigating the commission officers would himself be investigated by commission officers," Mr Murray said.

The Parliamentary Inspector said his investigation had been complicated by limitations imposed by the CCC Act.

He has made three recommendations to amend the act to provide explicit powers to the inspector to handle any future similar case.
The amendments would allow the inspector to refer information about an alleged criminal offence by a commission officer to an external agency for investigation.
They would enable the Parliamentary Inspector to oversee the investigation of any complaint by the commission against an officer of the external investigating agency.
The amendments would also require the CCC to advise the inspector of any misconduct investigation considered or initiated against an officer of an investigating agency.
The Joint Standing Committee on the CCC has recommended that the Attorney-General report to the Parliament on what action the Government will take on the inspector's recommendations.
Topics: corruption, law-crime-and-justice, wa, perth-6000


Police called in as Corruption and Crime Commission confirms seven officers faced misconduct allegations
10 Dec 2013
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-12-10/ccc-officers-investigated/5147630

WA police have been called in to investigate staff at the Corruption and Crime Commission after allegations including the misappropriation of funds.

"The standard that applies to the CCC needs to be higher than it is for everybody else."

Nick Goiran

PHOTO: Karl O'Callaghan says a special team has been set up to investigate the alleged misconduct. (Graeme Powell: ABC news)
The CCC has confirmed seven of its officers have been investigated in relation to alleged misconduct.
In a statement, it said four officers had been stood down earlier this year over the alleged misappropriation of $1,000.
One was cleared and returned to duty, one has since resigned and two others were dismissed.
CCC executive director Mike Silverstone said a thorough investigation was undertaken and detailed reports were provided to the Parliamentary Inspector for the CCC, Michael Murray QC, throughout.
The Parliamentary Inspector then took over the matter from the CCC.
Police set up special team to investigate
The CCC has confirmed seven of its officers have been investigated in relation to alleged misconduct.
In a statement, it said four officers had been stood down earlier this year over the alleged misappropriation of $1,000.
One was cleared and returned to duty, one has since resigned and two others were dismissed.
CCC executive director Mike Silverstone said a thorough investigation was undertaken and detailed reports were provided to the Parliamentary Inspector for the CCC, Michael Murray QC, throughout.

The Parliamentary Inspector then took over the matter from the CCC.

Police set up special team to investigate

Mr Silverstone said the CCC had also examined an apparent timesheet discrepancy involving three staff, one of whom was also investigated relating to the misappropriation of funds.
Two of that group have since resigned and the third is on leave.
That matter is also being investigated by Mr Murray.
He has advised the CCC that he has referred the matters to police for further investigation, and if appropriate, prosecutions.
Police Commissioner Karl O'Callaghan says he has set up a special team to deal with the investigation.
"I've actually divorced myself from the investigation and given it to a separate team," he said.
"There's good reasons to do that; the Corruption and Crime Commission investigated me a few years ago and I don't want to give anyone the impression that there's any sort of bias involved in this, so I've given it to a team to take care of."
Mr Silverstone says the Corruption and Crime Commission expects the highest standards from its officers which is why it took very firm action at the first sign of misconduct.
The CCC says another officer has also been stood down over allegations it is still examining, under the oversight of the Parliamentary Inspector.
Goiran says public can have confidence in process
The chair of the parliamentary committee overseeing the CCC, Nick Goiran, says the people of WA can have confidence in the process.
"The standard that applies to the CCC needs to be higher than it is for everybody else," he said.

"The rest of us need to be confident that it's not the same standards that they apply but they even apply higher standards to themselves.
"The people of Western Australia can be confident that they have an independent parliamentary inspector, it's his job to look into those complaints, it has the backing of our parliamentary committee."

Topics: corruption, state-parliament, perth-6000


Police union say officers being bullied by Corruption and Crime Commission investigators
By Jade Macmillan 4 Dec 2013
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-12-04/police-claim-bullying-by-crime-and-corruption-commission-invest/5134298
PHOTO: WA Police Union president George Tilbury. (ABC News)

The Police Union has accused the Corruption and Crime Commission of bullying and intimidating its members.
The union's president George Tilbury has appeared before the parliamentary committee overseeing the CCC.
It comes after the CCC Commissioner Roger Macknay criticised the union for advising its members not to participate in voluntary interviews with the watchdog.
Mr Tilbury has told the committee, the directive was made after officers complained they had been bullied, threatened and unfairly targeted by CCC investigators.
"Members have been so upset that they've had to go off on stress leave," he said.
"We've had officers burst into tears during the course of interviews."
He has also accused the Commission of having a vendetta against police and has questioned the impartiality of the CCC's Parliamentary Inspector Michael Murray.
Mr Murray has strongly rejected Mr Tilbury's claims.
Allegations rejected
But the Corruption and Crime Commission has rejected the claims it has bullied and intimidated officers.
CCC executive director Mike Silverstone is surprised by the allegations.
"They've never approached us with their concerns and they really produced no evidence, no specific evidence that supported their claims," he said.
"Interviews with witnesses are recorded and if they have specific concerns those recordings can be checked and the facts of the circumstances established.
I think it's really not a sensible move by the police union.
"It's in the union members' interests to assist the commission because quite often as a result of our inquiries, police officers who were wrongly accused of misconduct are cleared quite quickly."

Cop spills all on WA police “Welcome To Hell …. !"
“..it is easier to be shot by a Western Australian Police Officer than be eaten by a shark in Perth, Western Australia …”
Anthony DeCeglie, The Sunday Times - December 8, 2012

http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/western-australia/cop-spills-all-on-wa-police/news-story/c8d2ce9b4d208a21086da6f60119ffa7

Officer A states in his book The Crime Factory detailing his experiences as a Police Officer in Western Australia, after been invited from the London Police Force ( MET) to work in Western Australia with his wife who is also a police officer, in the chapter “Welcome to Hell”.. that is easy to be shot by a Western Australian Police Officer than eaten by a shark..” SEXIST, racist and trigger happy.
A former police officer has written a graphic account of life as a Perth cop in a new book that claims to blow the whistle on what really goes on behind the blue line.

The book, written under the pseudonym "Officer A" and called The Crime Factory, details several years the author spent in the WA Police after coming over in 2006 as part of a recruitment drive to lure British cops.
The book contains accusations of racism, brutality, bullying and binge drinking.
"Policing in Western Oz was like policing in the 1970s in the UK, but more violent, racist and sexist, and the cops had free use of guns and Tasers," it said.
Officer A, who worked in WA until early 2008, said local cops were trigger happy especially when it came to Tasers.
The chapter about his arrival in Perth is called: "Welcome to Hell".

"I'd quickly learnt that in Australia you were much more likely to be shot dead by a cop than get eaten by a shark," he said.
"A significant minority of officers tasered anybody that pissed them off, which was usually anyone with a different skin colour.
"I saw two officers attack a pair of harmless sailors. They were a bit drunk but were completely inoffensive."
He also recounts how his then wife who also came over to work in the force was sent out to execute an arrest warrant on a potentially violent criminal just moments after she told her manager she was pregnant.

The book alleges senior police made it clear the recruits were just a "doctor's quick fix". "The local cops hated us," the author says.
The book traces Officer A's career in WA, starting out at a suburban police station before winning a transfer to a secretive intelligence division as a "covert officer" rounding up informants to take out the "baddest guys in the country". He resigned in 2008 following an incident at a Perth pub, where he says a drunken officer verbally abused him,
then returned to Britain to work for the Surrey police force.

A WA Police spokesman said: "The claims in the book about policing in WA are hard to fathom and probably say more about the author than they do about WA Police.
"There is nothing in the book that gives WA Police any concern."b He said that between 2006 and 2009, 657 overseas officers were recruited in a "highly successful international recruitment campaign". Just over a quarter of those recruits have since quit. Last night, The Sunday Times spoke with the author of The Crime Factory who admitted to having a nervous breakdown after his return to the UK which he claims insiders were trying to use to discredit his book. The breakdown led to a 2010 incident in which he made a drunken phone call from his police station to a colleague claiming that he was going to shoot himself. It caused the station to be stormed by police. He was fined 500 pounds, but the court heard that during his police career he had won several awards.  "I had a breakdown," he said. "It happens. Prior to that I had an excellent service record." He said the book had been a steady seller.
Immediate removal or resignation of the current Commissioner of  Police Karl Callaghan and Deputy Commissioner Stephen Brown
 and  other matters are demanded by
 The Give Back Western Australian To The People Action Group


Jane Rimmer was 23 when she went missing in 1996 after a night out in Claremont Ms Rimmer, 23, was abducted from Claremont in June 1996 and her body found in bushland south of Perth that August. Students say they saw Jane Rimmer hitchhiking on Stirling Highway, Claremont near Loch Street at around 12.30 am, the description of what Jane Rimmer was wearing matched the unreleased description the police had so it seems quite certain that it was Jane Rimmer hitchhiking on Stirling Highway near Loch Street. The students had been to an event at the Claremont Yatch Club. 12.30 am would have been about the time it would have taken for Jane Rimmer to walk from Bay View Terrace to around Loch Street on Stirling Highway. 

http://www.websleuths.com/forums/showthread.php?294704-Claremont-Serial-Killer-MediaTimelines-Photos-*NO-DISCUSSION*/page10
Title: We Saw Jane Rimmer Hitchhiking - Student Author:Andrew Clennell Date: 19 June 1996 Publisher: Community Times, News Chronical, Nedlands Edition. 
Title: We Saw Jane Rimmer Hitching -
 Uni Student says Author: Andrew Clennell 
Date: 19th June, 1996
 Publisher: Community Times, News Chronical, Nedlands Edition 


University student Emma Clayton and her friends almost picked up a blonde girl she is sure was Jane Rimmer early on the Sunday Morning Jane Rimmer disappeared.
 Miss Clayton (21 years old uni student) said she saw the girl staggering along Stirling Highway, thumb out, hitching a lift at 12.30 am. Emma Clayton told police about the incident and her description of the cloths Jane was wearing matched that of a police description which had not been released to the media. 
Miss Clayton said she and her friends had been in Stirling Highway after leaving a 21st birthday party at Claremont Yacht Club. "Down near Lock Street we saw a girl Hitchhiking," she said. 
The Girl had her thumb out and we just slowed down and thought maybe we should pick her up but didn't." The conversation between the two couples in the car had been that she was a silly girl for trying to hitch in the area and they discussed whether they should pick the girl up. 
They decided at the last minute to move on. "we said of all placed for a girl to be hitchhiking alone, this was probably the worst," Miss Clayton said. She said initially, after she had heard of Jane Rimmer's disappearance, 16 she felt guilty that that hadn't picked her up. 
"If we had picked her up things would have been a lot different, " Miss Clayton said. When she and her friends saw the girl there were no other cars on the Stirling Highway ...

Disturbing network' of corrupt guards, crime gangs smuggle drugs into WA jails: CCC
https://www.watoday.com.au/politics/western-australia/disturbing-network-of-corrupt-guards-crime-gangs-smuggle-drugs-into-wa-jails-ccc-20180626-p4znwr.html
By Nathan Hondros- 27 June 2018  
Lax security in WA's prison system has been the subject of an ongoing Corruption and Crime Commission investigation.

A covert investigation into the security of the state's corrections system has unveiled a "disturbing network" of corrupt prison guards, prisoners and "organised crime syndicates" is smuggling drugs into WA prisons.
A damning Corruption and Crime Commission report, which was tabled in WA Parliament on Tuesday, found smuggling drugs into jail was as easy as stuffing them down the front of a prison officer's pants.

It labelled the state's prison system a "corruption risk hot-spot".
There were "multiple instances" of custodial officers associating with criminals and members of crime gangs, using prohibited drugs, smuggling prohibited drugs into prison and taking bribes in the form of cash and drugs, according to investigators.
The report found corrupt officers swapped "large amounts" of cash for anabolic steroids, methylamphetamine, and synthetic cannabis and alleged two former prison officers at the centre of the investigation "possessed and supplied steroids and methylamphetamine to prisoners".
The investigation also uncovered a custodial officer who smuggled steroids into Australia.
The CCC found it was "alarmingly easy for prisoners and organised crime syndicates to groom prison officers".
None of the prison officers targeted by the joint CCC-Department of Justice investigation had a history of criminality, but were corrupted after prisoners and crime gangs exploited their "weakness".

Explosive claims by Edwards' defence team casts crucial DNA into doubt

https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/explosive-claims-by-edwards-defence-team-casts-crucial-dna-into-doubt-20191126-p53ef0.html 
By Heather McNeill
November 27, 2019 
Forensic evidence the prosecution intends to rely on to convict the accused Claremont serial killer has been thrown into doubt by Bradley Edwards’ defence lawyer.
Explosive statements made on Tuesday, the second day of Mr Edwards’ triple murder trial, claimed at least four forensic exhibits taken from the crime scenes where Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon’s bodies were found in 1996 and 1997 were contaminated while in the state’s Pathwest lab.
It has also been revealed Laurie Webb, a senior DNA analyst who was fired from Pathwest in 2016 for "cutting corners" during testing was among those involved in the collection and handling of Ciara's fingernail exhibits.
Mr Webb was in 2017 found guilty of four serious charges in unethical behaviours for failing to have DNA results verified by their required protocols. The breaches were described by Attorney General John Quigley as "unprecedented in Western Australia's criminal justice history".
Mr Edwards' trial, expected to run for six to nine months, will likely hinge on the state’s DNA evidence in relation to Ciara.
Defence lawyer Paul Yovich, during his opening address, launched an attack into the credibility of that evidence by highlighting other Claremont-related exhibits that had been contaminated under Pathwest's watch.
He claimed a sample taken from a log near Jane’s body was in 2002 tested and a partial profile was found that matched the victim of a completely unrelated crime.
Intimate swabs taken from Jane and Ciara were examined by Cellmark in the United Kingdom in 2017 and on each occasion, the DNA of a different male Pathwest scientist was detected.
An internal report by Pathwest into the cross-contamination conducted in 2018 found there was no direct documentation that the scientist had tested the items but he was in the vicinity at the time.
One of the samples taken from underneath Jane’s fingernails was also contaminated and uncovered the presence of yet another a male Pathwest scientist’s DNA profile.

In each case the contamination wasn't detected by Pathwest in their controls at the time or for many years after the samples were originally processed and examined.
Mr Yovich claimed the examples of cross-contamination, or secondary contamination, cast doubt over the sole piece of DNA evidence the state is relying on at trial – that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under the fingernails of Ciara’s left thumb and left middle finger which had both been ripped off in an alleged struggle with her killer.

“The defence is simple - it wasn't him," he said.
"We accept ... that the scientific literature suggests the chance of contamination is remote but secondary transfer is known and documented in the literature.”
Mr Edwards' recent admission he abducted and raped a 17-year-old girl in Claremont in 1995 means he has admitted that his DNA has been stored in Pathwest’s lab since before the murders began.

This DNA profile was from a sperm sample, while his alleged DNA profile under Ciara's fingernails is "cellular material" that "cannot be precisely identified", Mr Yovih said.
"The defence accepts that the mixed DNA profile extracted from the sample that became AJM40 and AJM42 is consistent with a two person profile, the contributors of which are Ms Glennon and the accused," he said.

"Your Honour will have to consider the possibility of cross-contamination with other exhibits at Pathwest that did have the accuseds' DNA on them."

DNA retrieved from under Ciara’s fingernails has been exhausted through numerous examinations and extractions over the past 22 years as DNA technologies advanced.

Some of those testings were detailed in the Supreme Court of WA on Monday.
The crucial DNA evidence in the state's case is a combined sample from Ciara's left thumb and left middle finger – referred to as AJM 40 and AJM 42 respectively.
AJM 40 when originally tested in 2003 revealed ‘debris only’, however a more complex DNA test carried out in the U.K in 2008 allegedly revealed a mixed DNA profile of Ciara and a male profile which matched that of the then-unknown 1995 Karrakatta rapist.
AJM42 underwent ‘primitive’ gene testing in 1997 and only Ciara’s profile was detected. In 2004, further testing of the sample in New Zealand for the presence of any Y chromosome detected no male DNA.
However by 2008, when combined with the AJM 40 sample and retested, a mixed DNA profile allegedly containing Mr Edwards’ profile was detected.
Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo claims the forensic scientists who examined the 2008 exhibit described the sample as “distinct and clear” and determined there was a one in 80 million to 100 million likelihood the male DNA found under Ciara’s fingernails originated from someone other than Mr Edwards, or someone he was related to.

She claimed any suggestion the DNA exhibits from the Karrakatta rape could have contaminated Ciara’s exhibits were “fantasy”.
"DNA doesn't just fly through a laboratory, it cannot get through plastic," she said.
"The mechanisms and the opportunity simply doesn't exist in the objective facts of the case.
"At no time did the [Karrakatta rape victim's] exhibits occupy the same bench, box or shelf as Ciara Glennon's."
Mr Yovich said if Justice Stephen Hall cannot be satisfied that Mr Edwards’ DNA was found under Ciara’s fingernails, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her; and if he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered her, then he cannot conclude Mr Edwards murdered Jane or Sarah whose cases largely hinge on the DNA link.
The state alleges it also has fibre evidence linking Ciara and Jane’s murders to the Karrakatta rape offence.

Its case for the murder of Sarah is circumstantial and relies on Justice Hall concluding that one person was responsible for the three women’s murders due to the similarities in how they disappeared.
Mr Edwards has pleaded not guilty to the murders of Sarah Spiers, 18, Jane Rimmer, 23, and Ciara Glennon, 27, who all disappeared from Claremont in the mid-1990s.

How junkets work

​The Company's primary business is ice and cocaine trafficking but the Asia-based organisation has repeatedly exploited Crown’s reliance on junket operators to launder drug funds through Crown bank accounts or high-roller rooms.
The Company's members have controlled or exerted significant influence over at least three Crown-licensed junkets operating in Australia but headquartered in Macau or Hong Kong.

Bradley Robert Edwards is also accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon.

Perth Police corruption at Crown Casino. Umit Gungor Peter Ross. PC Allan Ball PC Casey Kirstein
Innocentweddingguest
Published on Jul 7, 2016
You can help stop this happening again. Please email: Still no arrest? www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgIU3OW_VCo
 To: Commissioner McKechnie info@ccc.wa.gov.au Premier McGowan wa-government@dpc.wa.gov.au Or better still, email them and tell them what you think! Thanks!

Jenny Jiang, former Crown Resorts employee was relaxing in her apartment in suburban Shanghai when she heard a heavy knock on the door.

​It was close to midnight on October 13, 2016, and the travel booker for Australian casino and hotel group Crown Resorts was not expecting visitors. A male voice called through the door that a burst water pipe in her apartment was flooding her neighbour’s unit.

Jiang opened the door to see four men and one woman wearing grim expressions. It was clear they weren’t plumbers. Flashing cards identifying themselves as agents of China’s secretive Ministry of Public Security, they hustled into her apartment.
The interrogation began immediately: What was her position at Crown? Did she have any work computers at home? Or phones? Or Crown documents?
They searched her home and placed the quietly spoken 36-year-old under arrest. Then they drove her to a police holding cell where the questioning continued.

Jiang’s world was turning upside-down. She was Crown’s administration and logistics officer. She arranged people’s travel. She was not hands on in the strategy of the James Packer-backed company to lure high rolling gamblers from the Chinese mainland to Australia.
But she, along with 18 colleagues, had been caught up in a Chinese government crackdown on Crown’s mainland operations. And she was on her way to prison.

'Wow world'
Six years earlier, when Jiang was first hired by Crown, she had never heard of Packer or the high rollers who deliver the casino giant its hundreds of millions of dollars in profits.
In fact, when she heard how much some of Crown’s Chinese punters could gamble without pause in Melbourne and Perth, she thought she was mistaken. These people, known in the gambling industry as “whales”, could lose $15 million in less than an hour and turn over $1 billion in just a few trips.
Jiang felt as if she was peering into a parallel universe. She would later call it a “Wow world”.

Crown Resorts has always insisted its activities in China are limited to marketing its hotel facilities, golf courses, sporting events and concerts - not its gambling. But as Jiang was being interrogated, it was evident her inquisitors suspected this was a lie.
They wanted to know the methods Crown used to lure high rollers to spend their millions in Australia. They believed Crown had been promoting gambling and paying sales staff large bonuses to lure high rollers to Crown’s casinos in Melbourne and Perth.

Under Chinese law, both activities are illegal.
Jiang knew their suspicions were correct. But her actual knowledge was limited. As a self-protection mechanism, she had learned early on in her Crown career not to open certain mail or pay any attention to who Crown was making deals within China.
That ignorance was mirrored in Australia, where Chinese gambling laws are not well known.
Crown sales staff were told to divide Chinese gamblers into four categories: minnows, catfish, guppies and whales, and offer them gifts, “lucky money” and private jets.

But now, more than 18 months after the last Crown employee walked out of a Chinese jail, that great wall of secrecy is collapsing. A year-long investigation by The Age, The Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes spanning Australia, Hong Kong, mainland China and Macau - and drawing on dozens of sources including Crown insiders, government officials as well as court and business records - can now reveal the truth about Crown’s operations in China.
The investigation shows Crown was prepared to get into bed with junket operators backed by Asian organised crime syndicates called “triads”, including the most powerful drug-trafficking syndicate in the world.

Serving and former government officials have revealed that the $8.6 billion Melbourne-based gaming company has helped bring criminals through the nation’s borders in a way that raises serious national security concerns.
In a statement, Crown Resorts said that, as there was a class action by investors being pursued in relation to the detentions, it could not comment on specific allegations, though it denied any breach of Chinese law and has not been charged with an offence in China.

It "refutes any suggestion that it knowingly exposed its staff to the risk of detention in China".
Law firm Maurice Blackburn lodged the class action after Crown's share price plunged in the wake of the arrests. Crown is defending the action, which alleges the company knew or should have known about the risks.

On its relationships with junket operators and individuals, Crown's statement said "Crown does not comment on its business operations with particular individuals or businesses". However, it has a "comprehensive" anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing program in place, "which is subject to regulatory supervision by AUSTRAC," the statement said.
Through a lawyer, James Packer said he “adamantly” insisted that he had “no … knowledge” of the company’s conduct in China that led to the prosecution of the company’s employees.
He was not an executive or director of the company at the time of the arrests (he had resigned as chairman of Crown Resorts in August, 2015, and as a board member in December that year). Packer had a “passive role” in events, according to his lawyer.

Crown’s behaviour is detailed in confidential law enforcement and regulatory briefings from police across Australasia. Starting a decade ago, these briefings have got progressively more damning, raising questions about the gaming regulators, and state and federal security agencies which are accused of being asleep at the wheel.

Jenny Jiang knew nothing of all this as she sat in her Shanghai jail cell with drug traffickers, prostitutes and pickpockets, effectively cut off from the outside world.
Her only contact was with her husband, US-born businessman Jeff Sikkema. It came via a message read out to her by her lawyer. “Honey, I love you,” it read.
“I miss you. I’m doing everything to get you out soonest.”

Vice capital, Macau
Crown’s Chinese misadventure begins more than a decade earlier with a journey that Packer took to Macau.
The territory comprises a peninsula and adjoining islands at the mouth of the Pearl River and it has a reputation as the undisputed regional capital of opulence, vice and gambling.
Disembarking from the Hong Kong ferry at the entry terminal, travellers are greeted by skinny European women dressed in body-hugging red outfits holding signs advertising a Ferrari car exhibition at the City of Dreams casino complex that Crown once part-owned.
Macau’s 38 casinos generate more than 80 per cent of the territory’s revenue. After dark the old gambling strip shimmers like a carnival.

The strip’s back alleys are crammed with massage parlours and pawn shops displaying jewel-encrusted watches priced between $50,000 and $3 million.
Former Royal Hong Kong Police Intelligence Department commander Steve Vickers, says Macau’s pawn shops are among the means used to help Chinese mainlanders smuggle assets across the border.
China’s capital flight laws prohibit anybody from taking more than $3000 out of the country per trip. But Vickers, now the chief executive of Hong Kong risk consultancy Steve Vickers and Associates, says three high-end watches carried on the wrists of a gambler’s travelling companions, later pawned upon arrival in Macau for cash, can net hundreds of thousands of dollars. Vickers says Macau’s money laundering networks have allowed “stunning sums of money to haemorrhage out of China.”

And at the centre of this dirty business are Macau’s high-roller gambling rooms.
Chairman Mao believed gambling to be one of society’s three evils, alongside opium and prostitution.

In 1950 he banned them from the mainland.

In Macau, all three flourish, even after the territory returned to Chinese rule in 1999.

Hundreds of calling cards blow around like old confetti on the city’s streets displaying pictures advertising Asian and Russian sex workers.


And when the Australian Crime Commission drew up a list of the 50 organised criminals doing the worst harm to Australia in the early 2000s, several of the most prolific drug traffickers and money launderers were operating out of this Chinese territory.


On the fringes of Macau’s gambling industry, a specialist group of fixers grew up. Called “junkets”, these syndicates did the difficult, sometimes-illegal work of organising gambling tours from the mainland to Macau. They could smuggle the money out or provide huge lines of credit on arrival.

Their customers are usually Chinese businessmen, politicians and local officials whose wealth has exploded in recent years.

The triads, which were already involved in extortion, human trafficking, money laundering and drugs, quickly moved in.


Some junkets are clean. But many proved an attractive way for people to get dirty money offshore. And when it came to enforcing gambling debts on the mainland - also illegal under Chinese law - the triads were willing to use their muscle to collect.
“You are not going to send the boy scouts around to collect debts,” Vickers says. “

These people are dangerous and they have the ability to track you down.”

Junkets, the triad connection, and Crown
Packer entered the Macau market in 2004 when Crown formed a casino joint venture with Lawrence Ho. Ho was the son of the man who had helped pioneer the junket business, a debonair but ruthless octogenarian businessman called Stanley Ho.

Ho senior has long been accused of having deep ties to the triads.
A 2009 report by New Jersey gambling regulators noted “numerous governmental and regulatory agencies have referenced Stanley Ho's associations with criminal enterprises, including permitting organised crime to operate and thrive within his casinos".
Ho senior denies the claims. Nevertheless, US and Australian casinos are prohibited by their local regulators from dealing with him because of these alleged connections.
For his part, Lawrence Ho has publicly distanced himself from his father and set himself up in competition. At the height of his relationship with Packer, the two men called each other “brother”. They bonded over the stunning returns from their Asian casinos and their shared experience of being raised by a domineering father.
This relationship would eventually hit a rough patch but it lasted long enough to give Crown a privileged gateway into the Macau junket industry.

There the Australian company saw both the high risks and the potential multibillion-dollar turnover that junkets could generate.

Jenny Jiang has never been to Macau and knows little about it save that the food is good and the hotels are luxurious.

She knows nothing about triads and has never met anyone she would consider dangerous.
But working from her Crown home office in Shanghai, Jiang became aware from around 2014 of a push by her employer to get more out its Chinese staff.

It involved instructing Crown’s sales staff to embrace certain junket operators and to encourage them to think of Australia, not Macau, when arranging trips for high-roller clients.
Jiang, who is the first Crown employee arrested in 2016 to break their silence, says sales staff were told to divide the Chinese gamblers Crown wanted into four categories: minnows, catfish, guppies and whales. To reel them in, staff could offer luxury gifts, free gambling cash known as “lucky money” and free use of private jets and hotel suites.

According to sources, the biggest whales were offered help securing immigration to Australia, their children’s schooling in Australia and property investments in Melbourne and Sydney.

How the junkets work
The sources confirm Crown’s sales staff were ordered to aggressively search out potential high rollers, beating rival casinos to the punch to meet targets to get Chinese gamblers to turn over billions of dollars at Crown’s Australian casinos. If a particular junket operator could help, the Chinese sales staff were told to partner with them.
“High management kept pushing every sales [employee] to meet more customers, get more business,” recalls Jiang. She says sales staff who didn’t embrace the strategy were sacked.
Those that stayed on began to confide in each other about the risks they were facing running the gauntlet of Chinese laws.
“You are taking the risk, doing this job. And you don't know what’ll happen the next day,” Jiang says.

There were other risks, too.

Even a superficial analysis suggests many of the junkets Crown was partnering with had dubious associations, some of which could have been discovered via a simple Google search.
One, the Neptune group, was revealed by international news agency Reuters in 2010 as having verifiable financial connections with Cheung Chi-tai, an alleged leader of the Wo Hop To triad gang. Cheung was named as a ''triad boss'' during the 2009 trial of five people accused of plotting to murder a dealer at the Sands Macau casino.

But these criminal ties pale in comparison with some of Crown’s other junket partners.

Triad conglomerate called "The Company" which has done more damage to Australia than any other crime syndicate
Before we travelled to Macau and Hong Kong for this story, several Australian police officers gave the same confidential warning: avoid approaching certain junket operators because, in the words of one, “on their own turf, they are dangerous and untouchable”.
At the heart of the warning was one triad conglomerate called

“The Company” and its associated junket operators.

“The Company” is an international drug trafficking and money laundering syndicate first identified by the FBI as part of a 1996 operation codenamed Sunblock.

One former Australian Federal Police officer estimates this one syndicate has been responsible for up to 70 per cent of all drugs trafficked into Australia over the past two decades and has “done more damage to Australia than any other crime syndicate”.

The AFP and the Australian Crime Commission periodically lop off the tentacles of its Australian operations but the big bosses of The Company remain untouched in Macau and Hong Kong, out of reach of Western investigators.


Meanwhile, they have devised ways to move the proceeds of drug trafficking out of Australia.
One channel was through a mild-mannered Melbourne financial adviser, Roy Moo. In 2012, a member of The Company and Moo struck an arrangement by which he would launder its cash to Hong Kong, although Moo denies knowing where the money came from. According to court records, Crown casino in Melbourne was central to this arrangement.
The deal relied entirely on the fact that Moo was licensed by Crown to work as a representative for an Asian junket operator. This enabled him to use Crown to wire funds to bank accounts overseas, purportedly as part of his junket high-roller gaming operation.

When federal police investigators questioned Moo in September 2013 about CCTV vision showing him passing bundles of $50 notes from a plastic shopping bag to a Crown staff member, he explained that Crown offered its junkets a financial service with all the hallmarks of an underground banking operation.
The money totalled $969,000 and was the proceeds of The Company’s drug trafficking in Melbourne and Sydney.

The cash, said Moo in a record of interview released by a Victorian judge in April to The Age, Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes, was mostly handed to him “in the lobby of Crown casino … in a shopping bag [which] would also contain a piece of paper with the account details” in Hong Kong where the money was to end up.

By his own account, this “black money” was given to Moo “because of his contacts at Crown Casino, mutual trust, and [because] it was easier than using a bank”.
Moo was jailed in late 2013, but it was a pyrrhic victory for police. Multiple regional law enforcement sources say it prompted The Company to then rely on its own, in-house junket, named after a Macau hot pot restaurant chain. The Hot Pot junket was promptly licensed by Crown. For every dollar the junket arranged to be gambled over the casino’s Australian tables, Crown would pay a commission.
This arrangement represented an extraordinary truth: Crown was effectively making payments to an organised crime syndicate. For The Company, it was a lucrative side venture alongside its main criminal enterprises.

In a single trip from China to Australia in August 2015 organised by Hot Pot junket, several of the triad syndicate’s key bosses flew on a private jet to Crown’s Perth casino, regional law enforcement sources say. Over a few days, they turned over $800 million in high-roller rooms. A tax receipt sighted by The Age, The Sydney Morning Herald and 60 Minutes reveals that the Hot Pot junket was paid $232,000 in commissions by Crown for organising trips to Crown in the 2016 financial year.
According to official sources across the region, some of The Company’s members and associates ultimately affiliated with Macau’s biggest and most successful junket operator, SunCity. This coincided with a directive from a Crown senior manager to Crown’s Chinese staff to also get close to SunCity.

Macau’s largest junket was about to become Crown’s business partner.

Wolves on Wall Street: Crown’s sales culture
Chinese court documents obtained by The Age, Herald and 60 Minutes hint at the extraordinary scale of Crown’s Chinese high-roller operation.
In the 2016 financial year, Jenny Jiang’s colleagues servicing just two Chinese cities - Shanghai and Wuhan - generated turnover of $15 billion at Crown’s Australian casinos.

Jiang says the figures were achieved via a Wolf-of-Wall-Street approach by Crown, which promised its sales staff huge bonuses and trips to Las Vegas if they could lure more high rollers to Australia.
Some sales staff (unlike administrative staff like Jiang, who recruited no gamblers) were paid via a percentage of the gambling turnover they generated. The court files reveal that successful sellers could make $365,000 per year, a huge amount in China.

All this was illegal and Crown, says Jiang, was effectively giving its staff incentives to break Chinese gambling laws on an industrial scale. Without the large bonuses and luxury holidays offered to sales staff, “they won’t have the courage to keep doing this for years,” Jiang says.
In late 2016, Crown’s staff were arrested en masse. It’s not as if they hadn’t been warned: months earlier, 15 Korean casino workers were arrested in China for promoting gambling.
After that 2015 warning, Jiang says, her colleagues were no longer nervous. They were scared.
Yet behind the scenes Crown was worried. Sources have confirmed it advised its Chinese staff to obtain foreign work visas to make it appear as if they were not working in China. A senior manager, Michael Chen, who has since left Crown, assured staff that their company was in touch with its contacts in the Ministry of Public Security.

He told Crown’s Chinese staff to meet gamblers in smaller groups so as to fly under the radar.
Just before the police knocked on her door, Crown Casino had briefed staff about what to do in the event of police raids.
“They told us not to cooperate,” Jiang says.

One week after the Crown arrests were made Crown chairman Rob Rankin, a former investment banker, fronted the company’s shareholders in Perth.
“We are proud over many years of this company’s compliance track record,” he said. “Now is not the time and the place to comment on the specifics of this particular incident ... but there will be a day when we should and will.”

Even today, nearly two years after the final employee was released from jail, Crown has not provided a detailed statement about the incident, saying only that it had since overhauled its presence in Asia – adopting a more "conservative" approach, winding back direct marketing efforts and more heavily relying on high rollers coming via third-party tour operators. Crown has also said it was "pleased that all of our employees have now been released and reunited with their families and loved ones".

A horrible memory

The jail cell where Jiang was taken after her arrest on October 13, 2016, housed 10 other prisoners.
“You have thieves, drug dealers, all kinds of different people,” she says.
There was a cold shower for use once a week and a shared toilet with no privacy. The lights were never switched off. She slept on the floor with a single blanket.

As Jiang recalls her time in jail, her eyes well with tears.
“That’s a really horrible memory. The saddest thing is you couldn’t reach out to your family. You couldn’t hear your relatives’ voice and you don’t know how much they worry about you.”
She found sanctuary in notes smuggled in by her husband. And when, after four weeks, word reached her that she would be released on bail, she felt sheer relief. On her first night as a free woman, all she wanted was a hot shower and to lie on a real bed.
When she did, she found she couldn’t fall asleep.
“For such a long time I just couldn’t sleep at night because I worry people are going to come to my house again and take me from my family.”

Jiang was released several months earlier than her other detained colleagues because she had not directly recruited gamblers. But the following year, in June 2017, she was still found guilty of gambling crimes along with the 18 other Crown employees.
She recalls being enveloped by shame, withdrawing from friends and feeling overcome with the stigma of the criminal stain on her record. She found herself apologising to her husband.
“Because you married me, you get a criminal wife. I felt really shamed about that.”

After the arrests, Crown closed down its China office. They offered Jiang a payout of $60,000 on the condition that she stayed quiet. She refused to take the money. She says Crown offered jobs to its employees with Australian passports holders but not its Chinese staff.
Two years after a Chinese court delivered the criminal verdicts against Jiang and Crown’s employees, she is getting her life back together. Still, most days, she thinks of her arrest.

While its employees sat in jail, Crown worked behind the scenes with Australian officials to secure their release. Packer, who has not held an executive position at Crown since 2012 and was not a director at the time, issued a statement saying he was “deeply concerned” for the workers’ welfare.
“Crown will do whatever it can to support our employees and their families at this difficult time,” he said.
He insists he had no knowledge of the details of the company’s business operations in China.

Jenny Jiang spent four weeks in a Chinese prison thanks to the actions of her employer - Crown Resorts.

Defence lawyers Paul Yovich and Genevieve Cleary, lead their legal team into court on day one of the Claremont serial killer trial.

What was Andrew Mallard accused of doing and how did he prove his innocence?
20 Apr 2019
PHOTO: Andrew Mallard was released after a journalist and politician investigated his case. (ABC)
RELATED STORY: Andrew Mallard, jailed for murder he didn't commit, killed in US hit-run crash
RELATED STORY: When a murder confession is a con
RELATED STORY: I was framed for murder, says Mallard


https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-20/andrew-mallard-accused-of-and-how-did-they-prove-he-was-innocent/11033294


The circumstances of Andrew Mallard's
The circumstances of Andrew Mallard's wrongful murder conviction have been thrust back into the spotlight with the death of the Western Australian in the United States.
Mr Mallard, who died at 56 in a hit-and-run crash in Los Angeles this week, served 12 years in jail for the 1994 murder of Perth woman Pamela Lawrence.
His lengthy fight to have his name cleared was the subject of the two-part Australian Story episode The Wronged Man, highlighting the lengths a politician and a journalist went to to prove his innocence.

How did he become accused of murder?
Ms Lawrence was bludgeoned to the head in broad daylight on the afternoon of Monday May 23, 1994, at her jewellery shop Flora Metallica. She died hours later in hospital.
The death sparked a manhunt, with Mr Mallard among the initial 136 suspects.
Mr Mallard had been living on the streets after suffering a nervous breakdown. He came to the attention of police when he was placed in Graylands Psychiatric Hospital after attempting a burglary where he impersonated a police officer.
He was arrested for murder after several interviews with police, where he speculated how Ms Lawrence may have been killed and drew a picture of a wrench which police said he used to kill her.
Mr Mallard said he was fed information by police to repeat back to them but police treated it as a confession and he was sentenced to 20 years jail.


Who assisted Mr Mallard in clearing his name?

Mr Mallard's appeals against his conviction failed in both the Supreme Court and High Court.
But his family approached journalist Colleen Egan, who investigated the case alongside then-WA shadow attorney-general John Quigley.
Mr John Quigley's previous career representing police officers for the West Australian Police Union provided insight into police procedural failings in the case.
Through political pressure, he was able to gain access to the prosecution files on the case and found crucial evidence that was not disclosed at trial.

How did they prove he was innocent?

Along with an alibi, the team presented a pattern of manipulation of evidence against Mr Mallard.

Among the prosecution files was a conclusion by a pathologist that a wrench could not have caused Ms Lawrence's injuries, after a test had been conducted on a pig's head. The test had been kept from court.
After the team were able to access police files, they discovered original witness statements did not correspond with second and third statements which were presented to court.

In November 2005 the High Court quashed Mr Mallard's conviction and declared a miscarriage of justice occurred.
In February the next year, the case against Mr Mallard was dropped by prosecutors, who maintained he was the prime suspect.

Did they find who murdered Ms Lawrence?
Police later admitted Mr Mallard wasn't responsible for the crime after a cold case review of Ms Lawrence's murder found shavings of blue paint recovered from her head matched paint from the knapsack of murderer Simon Rochford.
Rochford had been serving life in prison for killing his girlfriend seven weeks after Ms Lawrence's murder.
Her injuries were similar to those suffered by Ms Lawrence and had been inflicted by a makeshift weapon Rochford kept in his knapsack.
Days after he was questioned by police over Ms Lawrence's murder, Rochford killed himself in jail.


What did Mr Mallard do after he was freed?
Having received $3.25 million in compensation from the Western Australian government, Mr Mallard graduated from university with a degree in fine art and travelled to London to start a masters.
He told Australian Story that living in Perth had become "untenable", as members of the public still treated him as if he was a murderer.
Mr Mallard was still based in the UK and frequently travelled to the US, where his fiancee lived, prior to his death.
A Corruption and Crime Commission inquiry was held into the alleged misconduct by police officers in the case but the officers resigned from WA police after a police inquiry began, avoiding the disciplinary process.

Topics: murder-and-manslaughter, crime, law-crime-and-justice, perth-6000, wa, united-states, australia

Bradley Murdoch came under police scrutiny for the Claremont murders, but was ruled  

'Sarah's still alive, living overseas': Morey
https://www.watoday.com.au/national/western-australia/sarahs-still-alive-living-overseas-morey-20121214-2beir.html
By Rania Spooner - December 14, 2012
https://www.bunburymail.com.au/story/1186922/sarahs-still-alive-morey/Rania Spooner

A convicted prisoner told an inquest into the disappearance of Perth woman Sarah McMahon more than a decade ago she's still alive and living overseas with two children.
The last confirmed sighting of Ms McMahon, then 20 years old, was on November 8, 2000.

Sarah McMahon was 20 when she was last seen in November, 2000.
She was seen driving away from her Claremont workplace while talking on the telephone, the inquest into her suspected death heard in Perth this week.
Before leaving work she had mentioned she was going to "see a bloke" in the Bassendean area that afternoon, the Coroner's Court heard.

The last person she took a call from was Donald Morey, a man 25 years her senior, who has since been convicted of trying to strangle a prostitute to death in 2003.
Currently serving 13 years' jail for the attempted murder, Morey, now 57 and in poor health due to a heart condition, appeared at the Perth inquest into Ms McMahon's suspected death on Friday.

According to a work log he kept for his job with a trucking company at the time, Morey had been cleaning and refuelling trucks at his workplace when Ms McMahon "disappeared".
But Counsel Assisting the Coroner Philip Urquhart accused Morey of fabricating the entry.
Mr Urquhart said there was no record of him using his fuel card, while phone tower records placed his mobile near the Bassendean area that afternoon.
Morey claimed he never saw Ms McMahon the day she vanished, but had helped her formulate a plan to flee the country illegally.

"She's overseas, she's alive and she has two children," he said.

"I have been in contact with Sarah basically ever since."

If you want to put her life in danger you f..king wear it.

But he refused to say where Ms McMahon was living, claiming he was protecting her and her children from danger by not revealing her whereabouts.

Morey would also not say how he has been communicating with Ms McMahon after he was imprisoned in 2005, for fear of being "locked up in maximum security indefinitely".
"Do not put her life in danger," he told Mr Urquhart when questioned about where Ms McMahon was and how she left the country.
Morey also maintained his innocence in relation to the attempted murder conviction, which he suggested he'd been set up for because of Ms McMahon's "disappearance".
"It was Sarah's decision to leave - not mine," he said.

Sarah's family have not heard from her in 12 years.
Morey met Ms McMahon at her older sister's house months before she disappeared and maintained there was never a sexual relationship between the pair.
"She could confide in me," he said. "We just talked".
Ms McMahon had intended to call her mother before she left, but had lost her phone, Morey told the inquest.

He said he was unable to contact her for more than a month after she left but sent her text messages and repeatedly tried to call.
"All I can tell you is I sent a hell of a lot of text messages," he said.

But Mr Urquhart told the Coroner there were no records of Morey trying to contact Ms McMahon by phone after November 8, 2000.
Morey then refused to answer any further questions and accused Mr Urquhart of "winding" him up when he had a "crook heart".
"Mr Morey it seems to me you just don't want to answer the hard questions," Mr Urquhart said.
Morey requested a medic and was taken back into lockup.

"If you want to put her life in danger you f..king wear it," he said.
Ms McMahon's sister Amanda Smith giving evidence earlier in the week described Morey as "creepy" and "too interested" in her younger sister.

The inquest has also heard evidence of a black bag found in Morey's bedroom after Ms McMahon's disappearance, which according to three witnesses contained gaffer tape, rope, knives and graphic pornographic magazines which involved fake corpses in compromising positions.
Morey accepted he had a black bag he used to carry his lunch in for work, but rejected ever buying the pornographic material.
"Common sense tells you I'm not into that sort of garbage for starters," he said.
"Man, if I'm supposed to be this mad serial killer running around, why would I be carrying this bag around with me."
The state coroner Alastair Hope will hand down his findings on January 17. It is not known whether they would involve recommendations to the DPP.

DNA evidence, which first came to prominence in the OJ Simpson case (right) will be crucial in the trial of Bradley Edwards (left). (ABC News, Reuters)

John Button was wrongly convicted of killing his girlfriend Rosemary Anderson.

West Australian Govt is Corrupt to its Core - Max Igan and Brendon O'Connell
StopFundingIsrael - Published on Apr 23, 2017 
Brendon O'Connell Interviewed by Max Igan. A meeting of two great minds devoted to exposing ZIONIST infiltration in Australia
Two good friends of mine that spell out the absolute corruption of West Australian Government. Infested with criminals throughoutthe entire justice system is a bad joke while the W.A. Police themselves are full of petty criminals thieves, liars and thugs. Wake up Australia... If this goes on they will eventually incarcerate every poor person to make a Prison system that would make Hitler proud. Invaded by criminal elements and run by the worst of the worst, Western Australian criminal justice system is by far the laughing stock of the Westminster system. The infiltration of zionist agents into Western Australia will soon make W.A. a truly awful place to live, more than it already is. Thinking of moving here? Listen to this audio interview and think again.... Please support Max http://youtube.com/user/TheCrowhouse And Please Support Brendon https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCFRV...  

​The Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan and his Western Australian Police Service and the Task Force set up to investigate the Claremont Serial Killings have constantly for the last 18 years have not been interested in viewing the Explosive NYT.bz Investigation that would help the Western Australian Police Commissioner Dr Karl Joseph O'Callaghan and his Western Australian Police Service and the Task Force solve the Claremont Serial Killings

 Donald Morey, aka Matusevich stated at Sarah Anne McMahon's Inquest that Sarah Anne McMahon's life was in danger and helped Sarah Anne McMahon leave Australia ... The reason why Sarah Anne McMahon's life was in danger  was because of what she knew about who was involved in the Claremont Serial Abductions and Killings ...

Reporters converge on Lance Williams' parents' house in Cottesloe, seeking interviews. (ABC News)

Bradley Edwards admitted two charges of attacking women in Perth in the 1980s and 1990s. (ABC News: Anne Barnetson)

Forensic police examine the bush crime scene where Ciara Glennon's body was found. (ABC News)

Outside the Claremont Hotel around 11.55 pm Saturday 8th June, 1996 

Prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo says suggestions of DNA contamination of some exhibits are an "exercise in errant fantasy". (ABC News: Carmel Barbagallo)

Bradley Robert Edwards will face trial accused of the Claremont serial killings. (Supplied: Central Crocs Football Club)

Jillian Brewer was murdered at her Cottesloe flat in 1959.

 DNA evidence is a central plank of the prosecution's case against Bradley Edwards. (ABC News: James Carmody)

Police staked out Lance Williams' house for more than a year. (ABC News)

Robert Cock- QC- Former Director of the Director of prosecutions for Western Australia -last day-Departing DPP Robert Cock. (ABC)

As with OJ Simpson, the Claremont serial killings case against Bradley Edwards hinges on DNA By Andrea Mayes
16 Nov 2019  
PHOTO: Bradley Edwards admitted two charges of attacking women in Perth in the 1980s and 1990s. (ABC News: Anne Barnetson)
PHOTO: Bradley Robert Edwards is also accused of murdering Sarah Spiers, Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon. (Facebook)
PHOTO: Jane Rimmer, Sarah Spiers, and Ciara Glennon all went missing from the Claremont entertainment district. (ABC News)
PHOTO: Denis Glennon and Don Spiers have been a constant presence at court during Mr Edwards's appearances. (ABC News: Hugh Sando)


https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-18/dna-evidence-being-challenged-in-claremont-serial-killings-trial/11876330 


The Claremont serial killings
Three young Perth women disappeared in the mid-1990s. Two decades later, a man faces court.  
Guilty plea rocks Claremont trial


Bradley Edwards has pleaded guilty to raping a teen girl in a cemetery and attacking an 18-year-old woman in her home.  

Many of us like to think we know a thing or two about DNA and its use in solving crimes.
We've watched TV shows like CSI or Silent Witness and we know it is imperative that crime scenes are treated reverentially, with minimal disturbance, and that anyone entering them must be dressed in full protective gear.
But while we're all armchair experts these days, that wasn't always the case.
As has been made abundantly clear over the past fortnight in the trial of Bradley Edwards for the 1996 and 1997 Claremont serial killings, our understanding of DNA has progressed enormously in the intervening decades.

Today it is widely known that a person's DNA can be left at a scene by the most casual of contact, even if they don't touch anything. Without adequate precautions, contamination can easily occur.
But 20 years ago, few had such a sophisticated understanding and crime scenes were treated very differently.

When protective clothing was optional
Crime scene videos played in the WA Supreme Court this week of the burial sites of Jane Rimmer and Ciara Glennon captured vision of a senior forensic officer holding an evidence bag without gloves and even using his bare hands to push clumps of dirt and other material collected at the scene into the bag.

The body of Ms Rimmer, a 23-year-old childcare worker, was found naked and semi-covered in vegetation in bushland at Wellard, south of Perth, on August 3, 1996, nearly two months after she went missing.
Witness after witness — most of them police officers and many forensic experts — testified that the use of protective clothing and gloves was largely optional at crime scenes in the mid-1990s.
Keeping officers' clothes and hands clean and preventing infection was the main reason they were used, if at all, and little thought was given to contamination — either of the scene in general or of individual exhibits.
"DNA was not a factor," former forensics senior sergeant Barry Mott told the court this week, agreeing with defence counsel Paul Yovich SC that he "certainly did not go to a crime scene thinking that [he] could potentially contaminate an exhibit without even touching it".
Mr Mott, who is no longer a police officer, even admitted he may have accidentally trodden on Ms Glennon's body as he helped collect evidence at the scene.
"I just honestly can't recall whether I — whether I stepped on it or I've inadvertently stepped on it," he said.
"Trying to move a deceased's body is quite difficult, especially one in that condition."

OJ Simpson case put spotlight on DNA
Ms Rimmer's body was discovered a year after one of the highest-profile crime cases on the planet had been run in a Los Angeles court — the trial of OJ Simpson for the murder of his ex-wife Nicole Brown and her friend Ron Goldman.
It was the first time DNA evidence had come into the spotlight in such a major case, as US prosecutors presented 108 separate DNA exhibits that experts testified linked the former American football star to the bloody crime scene.
But his defence team successfully argued that the evidence had been "compromised, contaminated and ultimately corrupted", and Simpson was acquitted.
Whether the OJ Simpson case played on the minds of officers who attended the Rimmer and Glennon crime scenes is impossible to know, but a quarter of a century later, some of the arguments used by Simpson's lawyers are similar to those run by Edwards's defence team — the evidence could have been contaminated and therefore cannot be accepted as proof of guilt beyond reasonable doubt.
Just as in the OJ Simpson case, DNA is crucial to the prosecution's case in the Claremont serial killings trial.
The defence is making every effort to show that the way in which evidence was collected at the crime scene was cavalier at best and therefore utterly unreliable.
The Simpson case didn't have the same limitations as the Claremont trial, however, where the two bodies were not discovered until some time after the young women's deaths, left out in the open and subjected to the elements for several weeks.
And while Californian prosecutors had 108 items of DNA to use to boost their case, DNA in the Claremont case is largely confined to just two crucial exhibits labelled as AJM 40 and AJM 42 — scrapings taken from Ms Glennon's left thumbnail and right middle fingernail.

Ciara Glennon fingernail scrapings crucial
Laboratory testing obtained a mixed DNA profile from the fingernail scrapings that came from two people — Ms Glennon herself and another person.
Until 2009, police had no idea who this second person was.
But on January 16, 2009, PathWest scientist Laurie Webb made a crucial link. He discovered that the male component of the DNA on the Glennon samples matched the male component of DNA extracted from intimate swabs taken from the teenage victim of a violent rape at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995.
Both lots of samples had been stored in the same DNA extract freezer at PathWest — the state pathology lab.

In her opening address, state prosecutor Carmel Barbagallo SC was quick to quash any suggestion the samples could somehow have come into contact while at PathWest, describing potential contamination in this way as an "exercise in errant fantasy".
"DNA within a particular sample doesn't just fly around a laboratory," she said, arguing the evidence would prove the sample from the rape victim "never came anywhere near AJM 40 and 42 exhibits, both in terms of time and place within the laboratory".
"It cannot pass through a barrier such as plastic," Ms Barbagallo said, and crucially, "it cannot selectively contaminate an exhibit with only part of the sample from which it is contained".
In other words, because the rape victim's samples contained both her DNA and that of Edwards, had any contamination occurred between the two samples, her DNA would also have been found on the Glennon evidence.

Yet it was not.
Edwards confessed to the 1995 rape of the 17-year-old on the eve of his murder trial.
Scientists' DNA found on evidence
Mr Yovich said in his opening address that his client did not contest the fact his DNA had been found on the sample taken from Ms Glennon's fingernails and that he "does not have any explanation for the DNA".
"We accept as well that again the scientific literature suggests that the chance of contamination in a lab is usually remote, although secondary transfer is known and documented in the literature," he said.
But he also pointed out four pieces of evidence in the case had already been contaminated.

The DNA of two different PathWest scientists was found on swabs taken from the two bodies — fingernail samples from Ms Rimmer were found to also contain Ms Glennon's DNA and a swab from a branch placed on top of Ms Rimmer's body was found to contain DNA matching the profile of the victim of a separate crime whose samples had been processed at PathWest around the same time.
In these circumstances, Mr Yovich said, contamination in the laboratory could not be safely ruled out.

His opening address also identified another key line of attack the defence planned to use with regard to the DNA evidence — that it was "trace" DNA and scientists could not say where it was from nor how it got there.
"So the DNA evidence on which the state relies, and without which they cannot prove the case against the accused beyond reasonable doubt, consists of DNA that was extracted from cellular material that cannot be precisely identified," Mr Yovich said.
The evidence, he said, had apparently come from "on or around Ciara Glennon's thumb and left middle finger but no other fingers, or perhaps from the sides of the yellow-top containers in which that debris had been stored, or perhaps from a combination of some or all of these things".
These arguments have yet to be fully teased out by the defence and we can expect some hard questioning from Mr Yovich once DNA experts are called to the stand in the coming weeks.

Forensic scientist set to testify
Mr Yovich is likely to focus on the role played by forensic biologist Laurie Webb, who was the state's leading DNA analyst at the time.
Mr Webb was involved with the handling of exhibits taken from Ms Glennon's body from the outset, working with a colleague to create DNA extracts from her fingernail scrapings.
Mr Webb then went on to link the male part of the sample to material extracted from swabs taken from the Karrakatta rape victim.
He is expected to testify at the trial in the coming months and Mr Yovich's cross-examination is likely to be protracted and thorough.

Sloppy record keeping and the lack of continuity in exhibit handling have also been seized on by the defence as significant flaws in the state's case.
Evidence from police integrally involved in the case pointed to a number of irregularities in the collection and storage of exhibits, which were sometimes not numbered sequentially or were recorded against the wrong number.
In other cases, police appeared to lose track of exhibits for months at a time because systems meant to keep track of such items were not updated when they should have been.

Defence seeks impression of unreliability
This was true of key exhibits, including the black shorts worn by the teenager raped at Karrakatta Cemetery in 1995, the year before the Claremont killings began.
The shorts were incorrectly labelled as a skirt, a mistake not picked up for some time, and were recorded on police paperwork as being kept together in a bag with the victim's underpants, although police testified that they had been kept separately.

The shorts were unaccounted for over an eight-month period, police records showed, an error retired detective Jonathan Adams attributed to a "human data entry lag".
Another officer involved in the recording of evidence at the site where Ms Glennon's body was found, Sergeant Gary Hyde, admitted to numerous mistakes in recording information, including incorrect quantities of evidence, mixed-up dates and inconsistent descriptions of evidence.
An electronic database known as the Property Tracking System (PTS) was in use by WA Police at the time and was meant to record what items had been taken from crime scenes as evidence, give them an identifying number and log where they were stored at any given time and where they had been.
But numerous instances of its shortcomings and inaccuracies have been detailed by witnesses after prompting from Mr Yovich, including its lack of detailed descriptors for evidence.

Mr Yovich's detailed probing of police witnesses has sometimes appeared to be nit-picking, but has been part of a strategy to slowly create an overall impression of unreliability — that there were so many errors made, the evidence cannot be safely relied upon.
The senior defence counsel left no doubt during his opening address about what his evidentiary focus would be.
"The process of collection, storage, handling and examination of exhibits will be live in the trial, especially when we say there are large gaps in the chain of continuity of important exhibits, and also where exhibit handling, recording and forensic processing protocols were not always satisfactory," he said.
The trial is due to resume on Monday.

Peter Weygers' Claremont home was searched by police. (ABC News)

Explosive claims by Edwards' defence team casts crucial DNA into doubt

​What John Quigley, the Attorney General for Western Australia has publicly said when he was shadow Attorney General... on the Andrew Mallard documentary .. 
 .."...  the tentacles of this corrupted system in Western Australia get tangled around your throat .... as you tear one corrupt tentacle off .... another slithers around your throat  ..,, you simply have no chance fighting the corrupted police, legal, court and prosecution system in Western Australia ...” ...”

Ciara Glennon

False confessions are more common than we imagine and Perth's history proves it
ABC Radio National 
By Dr Susan Maushart for Earshot

4 Dec 2019

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-18/when-a-murder-confession-is-a-con/9249382
Listen to the series
Susan Maushart explores a series of wrongful imprisonments in Western Australia.
A killer's voice from the grave
Recordings from Eric Edgar Cooke's trial reveal the dark power inside his head that drove him to murder at least eight people.
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-14/eric-edgar-cooke-serial-killer-voice-heard-53-years-later/9122724


It was a straightforward news report that gave no indication of the scale of the revelations that were to come.
"In Perth today, a youth was arrested and charged with wilfully murdering a young girl by running her down with a car in Shenton Park last night," the ABC newsreader told viewers on February 10, 1963.

Rosemary Anderson's death was one of a series of horrific killings whose dots were yet to be joined to serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke.

It was also one in a series of devastating miscarriages of justice.
The subsequent conviction of Ms Anderson's boyfriend, John Button, for her manslaughter would become a significant chapter in a saga of wrongful convictions in Western Australia which is explored in the new ABC podcast series 'Wrongful', produced by broadcaster Susan Maushart.

Wake-up call for sleepy city
It was a big year for news in 1963.
US President John F Kennedy was assassinated, Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech, the audacious Great Train Robbery was carried out in the UK, and Beatlemania began in earnest.
Perth, however, seemed a world away from such momentous events and was largely viewed from afar as a sleepy backwater.
But the remote city was about to get a wake-up call.

On Australia Day in 1963 Eric Edgar Cooke terrorised the city in a murderous rampage, randomly shooting five people and killing three.
The residents of Perth were paralysed with fear as police implored them to lock their doors and cars.
What was not known at that time was that Cooke was a multiple murderer responsible for numerous attacks.
The city's first known serial killer, Cooke eventually became the last man hanged in WA.
It was not until September 1963 that he was charged with murder — that of university student Shirley McLeod, who was shot dead at a house in Dalkeith in August.
The error in the ABC TV news report on the day, which named him as Derek Edgar Cooke, belies the monstrous notoriety he would soon acquire.


Rosemary Anderson's death was one of a series of horrific killings whose dots were yet to be joined to serial killer Eric Edgar Cooke.
It was also one in a series of devastating miscarriages of justice.
The subsequent conviction of Ms Anderson's boyfriend, John Button, for her manslaughter would become a significant chapter in a saga of wrongful convictions in Western Australia which is explored in the new ABC podcast series 'Wrongful', produced by broadcaster Susan Maushart.

PHOTO: The palm print that would help overturn Andrew Mallard's conviction after 12 years in prison. (Getty Images: John Mooree

In 1961 Darryl Beamish, an affable and profoundly deaf 19-year-old, agreed with police that he'd savagely butchered a glamorous Perth heiress in her own bed with a tomahawk and a pair of dressmaking scissors.
Mr Beamish made a series of written confessions, following police interviews that were awash with leading questions. They were the backbone of a case that resulted in a death sentence, later commuted to life in prison.
He was later cleared of the 1959 murder of Jillian Brewer.

There isn't a person alive who hasn't occasionally acted as their own worst enemy.
But making a false confession to murder brings self-sabotage to a terrifying new level — and it's more common than most of us imagine.
Up to a third of wrongful conviction cases involve a false confession. Perth has been home to a string of such cases — and it's given the world's most isolated big city a reputation for miscarriages of justice.
Like that of teenager John Button, who in 1962 confessed to the hit-and-run death of his beloved fiancée Rosemary Anderson.

PHOTO: John Button waited nearly 25 years to prove his innocence. (ABC TV)
PHOTO: A memorial marks the spot on the Broome Highway where Josh Warneke's body was found. (ABC Kimberley: Ben Collins)
PHOTO: Darryl Beamish with his wife Barbara in 2011. (Supplied: West Australian)

In 1961 Darryl Beamish, an affable and profoundly deaf 19-year-old, agreed with police that he'd savagely butchered a glamorous Perth heiress in her own bed with a tomahawk and a pair of dressmaking scissors.
Mr Beamish made a series of written confessions, following police interviews that were awash with leading questions. They were the backbone of a case that resulted in a death sentence, later commuted to life in prison.
He was later cleared of the 1959 murder of Jillian Brewer.
There isn't a person alive who hasn't occasionally acted as their own worst enemy.
But making a false confession to murder brings self-sabotage to a terrifying new level — and it's more common than most of us imagine.
Up to a third of wrongful conviction cases involve a false confession. Perth has been home to a string of such cases — and it's given the world's most isolated big city a reputation for miscarriages of justice.
Like that of teenager John Button, who in 1962 confessed to the hit-and-run death of his beloved fiancée Rosemary Anderson.
"I really thought that if I made a confession it wouldn't be of any good to them, because there was no evidence to back it up," Mr Button recalls.
"I hadn't run Rosemary down, so in order to get away from them I said, 'OK, whatever you say. If you want me to say I did it, I did it.'"
He was exonerated 44 years later.
Or consider Gene Gibson, a cognitively impaired Indigenous man who in 2010 falsely admitted fracturing the skull of a young white boy, a total stranger, for no apparent reason.
First the 21-year-old told police he'd hit the boy with his car. When they looked displeased with that answer, which didn't fit the forensic evidence, he tried again.
"Rock?"
No response.
"Pole?"
His conviction was overturned in April this year.

Or Andrew Mallard, a daydreaming drifter, who explained to police in detail how he thought a suburban shopkeeper might have been bashed to death in broad daylight in 1994, and even drew a picture of the murder weapon.
"If Pamela Lawrence was locking the store up, maybe she came in through the back way, the front door was already locked … Maybe she left the key in the back door and that's why he had easy access, and that's why she didn't hear him until he was … in the store," he recounted to police.
But was this a confession — or a theory?
Coercion, promises and outright lies
Each of these landmark cases, investigated in Earshot's Wrongful series, resulted in an overturned conviction, and the "confession" revealed for what it was: a con.
But how is lying to incriminate oneself even a thing?
As the issue of false confession becomes more widely studied, some clear answers are beginning to emerge.
Coercion by interrogators — both physical and psychological — features in the vast majority of false confessions.
Mr Button, painfully shy and diminutive, was punched in the stomach, denied food and water, and informed casually that his girlfriend, whom police insisted he had struck with his car, had died in casualty.

Mr Mallard, whose conviction was quashed by the High Court in 2006, testified that he was stripped bare by detectives in the course of his interrogation.


Suspects may even be told outright lies during interrogation, like "your girlfriend told us you did it" or "your fingerprint is on the murder weapon".


The tactic is illegal in Australia, but common nevertheless.
Detectives assured Mr Gibson that a friend had already dobbed him in for the murder of young Josh Warneke.
He was not told that the "witness" recanted the accusation within minutes of having made it, protesting that police had put the words into his mouth.
A classic good cop, bad cop tactic for eliciting a confession may involve an interrogator who appears to empathise with the suspect.
"Of course you were angry at her — it must have been infuriating to be treated like that," is an example Mr Button recalled from his own interrogation.
One very simple technique is simply rejecting the suspect's repeated denials — often for many hours on end — while implying that a confession will guarantee lenient treatment.
Mr Button, distraught and exhausted, fell prey to that strategy, as well, only to find himself arrested for wilful murder — a hanging offence at the time.
Mr Gibson, a native Pintupi speaker whose grasp of English was severely limited, was led to believe he would get "big time" jail if he entered a not-guilty plea, but only "little time" if he confessed.


Vulnerable people most at risk
People with disabilities, those with substance abuse, Indigenous people, and minors — are all significantly over-represented among the wrongfully convicted.
Mr Beamish was profoundly deaf at a time, the 1960s, when education for hearing-impaired Australians was in the dark ages. While his intelligence was later assessed to be normal, Mr Beamish was at best semi-literate.
"Me Kill Lady Cottesloe", he allegedly scrawled in the sand of the exercise yard while in custody.
At trial, Mr Beamish insisted that he'd written "Me NOT kill lady Cottesloe" — and that he did so in answer to a question from a fellow prisoner. That prisoner later mysteriously vanished.
Mr Beamish spent 15 years in jail, and was finally cleared of the murder in 2005.

Mr Mallard had been recently diagnosed with bipolar disorder and was a heavy cannabis user at the time he "confessed".
And Mr Gibson, with comprehensive cognitive impairments stemming from foetal alcohol syndrome disorder, almost certainly failed to grasp the consequences of his statements to police.
Not surprisingly, questioning minors without a parent present is another risk factor for false confession. Mr Button was never informed that his parents were waiting just outside the interview room.
Mr Beamish too was deliberately isolated from family support during questioning.
Suspects from vulnerable groups are also highly susceptible to suggestion ("Here's how we think you did it") and eager to please authority figures.
"Gratuitous concurrence" is the technical term for a disempowered person's tendency to nod and smile under interrogation — compliant responses which may be uncritically accepted as admissions of guilt by untrained observers.

Does the end justify the means?
Yet none of this explains why securing a conviction too often becomes an end in and of itself.
Some criminal justice experts cite "noble cause corruption" — basically, where police are so convinced of a suspect's guilt they believe the end (a conviction) justifies the means.
One former state attorney-general explained that "achieving closure" was "the whole point of the criminal justice system".

And achieving justice?
"Oh yes, of course. That too," he allowed.
Such notions are simply baked into our "winner-takes-all" adversarial system of justice, argues Bret Christian, author of Presumed Guilty: When Cops Get It Wrong, and Courts Seal the Deal.
Convictions at any cost become a zero-sum game that police, prosecutors and even the judiciary have shown themselves to be all too willing to play to the death.

In Australia, as elsewhere, juries and judges remain notoriously resistant to acquit in cases where the accused has made a confession and then recanted.
With increasing numbers of convictions being overturned, long-overdue reforms are being rolled out to prevent rather than repair the damage.

In Western Australia, tougher disclosure rules now block the withholding of evidence by prosecutors, and an overhaul of police training is underway, with particular emphasis on interviewing vulnerable individuals.
Old-school policing, with its reliance on "copper's instinct" and impatience with evidence-based forensics, is officially (although not always in practice) a thing of the past.
At the same time, new "right to appeal" legislation — recently introduced in South Australia and Tasmania, and currently being prepared in Western Australia — has smoothed the way for appeals based on fresh and compelling evidence.
Now if only humility could be achieved by legislative fiat too.
Topics: law-crime-and-justice, crime, police, prisons-and-punishment, wa
Listen to the podcast
Earshot is about people, places, stories and ideas, in all their diversity.

https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/earshot/

Edwards has pleaded not guilty to murdering the three women in 1996 and 1997. (Supplied: WA Supreme Court)

WA Police Union president George Tilbury. (ABC News)

Jane Rimmer's body was found nearly two months after she disappeared from Claremont. (Supplied)

Roy Moo on surveillance footage about to pick up a bag of money from another man for laundering through Crown casino in Melbourne.

There can not no doubt that former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn has already been exposed by public evidence that former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn was a corrupt police officer who abused his position as a police officer …  There is also the matter of former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn being accused of being involved in the stopping of the investigations in the allegations of sexual abuse of a young girl …. against well known Perth, footballer, Barry Cable ….

It seems clear that former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn has been given the Green Light to be involved in any criminal behaviour without fear of criminal investigation against former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn and without fear of being charged with any criminal offense… there is a lot more the NYT CSK Investigation Team can say about the criminal activities of former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn which will be brought up in due course ….

“To win Andrew Mallard’s High Court appeal would have to expose serious police corruption and that the police do everything to cover their tracks of corrupt behaviour and that if I helped Andrew Mallard to expose serious police corruption  that these corrupt Western Australian Police would go for my gutz…” ….. John Quigley, the Attorney General For Western Australia …
“ I have just seen a gross case of injustice against Andrew Mallard where three Supreme Court Judges refused Andrew Mallard’s Full Court Appeal which was based on the fact that material evidence has been held back by the police …
The appeal went on for 26 hearing days … which was unheard of… normally appeals will be heard over or two days at the most … so the three appeal judges got to hear everything .. the appeal was very well presented by Malcolm McCusker and his team … and all three judges at the end went on to say no ... "we dismiss the appeal "… 


I walked out of that court and thought that I must be the biggest idiot on the planet I have just seen a gross case of injustice against Andrew Mallard where three Supreme Court Judges refused Andrew Mallard’s Full Court Appeal that should have led to a retrial … and all three judges say no …”
 
“.. We had a person who was infirm … not insane by infirm … who had been picked upon by a group of very powerful and very dishonest police officers, who had been thrown in jail for the rest of his (Andrew Mallard’s) life .. and lazy old judges bearly with enough energy to lift their fountain pen to write the sentence “Life Imprisonment” frail of judges who were too lazy to properly scrutinize what the police were about … so I said to Andrew .. I actually help Andrew in my arms in prison because no one else could get in there … and Andrew was very very scared at that time he was 10 years into his 20-25 or 30 years that he had to do in prison … he was very frail at that point … so I held Andrew in my arms at that point and promised that so matter how long it took that I would never leave his side … never.. Andrew asked me if he would ever get out of prison … I replied …well only if we got this case back over to the High Court in Canberra … because although we would first have to appeal to Western Australian judges there would be no Western Australian Court that would overturn his conviction … because the consequences of doing so would be to identify the whole of the Western Australian Police, prosecution and court system as being corrupt … and no Western Australian Judge would have the balls to say that … because Perth is too anal and the tentacles of the system just get tangled around your throat … as you tear one corrupt tentacle off another one slithers around you … and have just got no chance …

"...We are all product of the experience we go through . we grow through our suffering .. for example, we grow through the experience of watching our father die … so what I am trying to say is that through this suffering we often grow into the better person .. and I am sure that through Andrew’s suffering that Andrew grew into something bigger and better … ” … Attorney General for Western Australia, John Quigley…

Andrew Mallard Set up of a false murder charge by the former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn and senior Western Australian Director of Public Prosecutions  prosecutor Kenneth Paul Bates and other police officers and the Director of Public Prosecutions for Western Australia

 I was wrongfully imprisoned .. there is a stigma that goes with that ,., and still goes with that … I still get abuse from certain members of the public …. I still get scoffed at etc. …. people don’t know the full story ….. they think I am some sort of psycho … some sort of mentally ill patient … I had done nothing wrong .. I was innocent and I protested my innocence from the word go .. for nearly 12 years I was protesting my innocence constantly and continually because it was the truth …

He would tell me that he never resolved his anger … he was always angry about the police and the prosecutors that brought the injustice .. Andrew was probably not for this planet .. the bad luck that Andrew had … he was not a soul that belonged here in some ways…
The Greeks talk about the Goddess Clotho would spin people’s fate .. Clotho was spinning against Andrew from the Get Go …
This whole story is like some Greek Tragedy … the audience thinks it’s all going well … but it all turns to mud …
Perth, 24th May 1994
Pamela Lawrence was violently murdered by someone else other than Andrew Mallard… who was deliberately set up to be wrongfully charged and wrongfully prosecuted by Freemason Police Officers and prosecutors, which included the former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn and senior WA DPP prosecutor Kenneth Paul Bates who Andrew Mallard supported by the ruling of the High Court and the Western Australian Corruption Commission … deliberately produced misleading evidence and withheld material evidence at Andrew Mallard’s murder trial which Andrew Mallard has always publicly claimed was … “… a serious criminal conspiracy to pervert the course of justice committed by former Assistant Western Australian Police Commissioner David John Caporn and senior WA DPP prosecutor Kenneth Paul Bates ……. and they should have been arrested and prosecuted for such a serious crime …. why are they allowed to get away with such criminal behaviour which destroyed and my family’s life ?…”

“.. we found that a lot of the information Andrew provided in the video interview with the police  was information fed to him by the undercover officer Gary … and fed to him by the detectives that were interviewing Andrew …”

“.. a report that had said they had done a test on a pigs head .. which showed that a wrench could not have inflicted those injuries of Pamela Lawrence … while all the while the prosecutor had marked and read and deliberately kept this information from the court .. this was something that a lawyer should never ever do ….”  … Attorney General for Western Australia, John Quigley…

“... over the course of my life, I had suffered from a behavioral situation where I would acquiesce … I would try to please people …”.. Andrew Mallard
“... and in fact that in the statement of facts to the prosecution certain police officers state their concerns that they did not think that I was the murdered anyway ….it’s in the statement of facts to the prosecution ”… Andrew Mallard

“... I have 3-4 years of psychotherapy to deal with post-dramatic stress .. for someone that has been found innocent after they have been wrongfully convicted there is no provision in the system for that .. you ate just spat out … you are spat out …. put are just spat out by the Belly of the Beast …. so to speak …. when I was first released … I used to have serious panic attacks … you have to remember I was still the prime suspect and thus people would give me a wide birth anyway … I hope that I am able to change things in the police and justice system .."...I never believed that I was incarcerated for the rest of my life, simply because I was innocent. ...

Guys wearing suits came dashing across the road to me pulled me out of my seat and threw me over the bonnet of the car … handcuffed me and finally shoved me into the back seat of a police car … a detective sat either side of me on the back seat of the police car, then my head was violently pushed between my knees, and the next time I hear is the cocking of a weapon ... which I recognized as a gun from the time I spent in the army and a pistol was shoved into my face … "..... words spoken by Andrew Mallard.

"... I was determined to stay forward ... keep my head forward and keep going forward ... and I did that ,,,, " words spoken by Andrew Mallard.

“ … I hope that I am able to change things in the police and justice system .." .... I don't believe that there is an infallible justice system or an infallible police service because you are dealing with people .... and people make mistakes and people can be bad as I juust said .. lawyers and police not only have a legal duty but also a moral duty to us the public and that is a very very difficult job and position to be in …  so I have great profound respect for the police service and the justice system and lawyers as a whole, bit it is the people factor that always throws a wrench into the system …  , " words spoken by Andrew Mallard.

“...We tend to be brought up that the police and the justice system is just .. we have a justice system that carries out the law .. but I have serious doubts that the justice system is entirely just …”

Andrew Mallard: Wrongfully jailed for 12 years
Andrew Mallard's wrongful murder conviction

"...I never believed that I was incarcerated for the rest of my life, simply because I was innocent. ... the detectives sat either side of me on the back seat of the police car, then my head was violently pushed between my knees, and the next time I hear is the coking of a weapon ... "..... words spoken by Andrew Mallard.
"... I was determined to stay forward ... keep my head forward and keep going forward ... and I did that ,,,, " words spoken by Andrew  Mallard.
" .... I don't believe that there is an infallible justice system or an infallible police service because you are dealing with people .... and people make mistakes ... " words spoken by Andrew Mallard.
"... I never look at the experience that I suffered as a negative thing ...  it made me a better person for it ... 
Andrew Mallard sat for 12 years behind bars and become the subject of documentaries and legal fights until his wrongful conviction was overturned and Andrew Mallard was set free in 2006 .... this documentary the unmaking of a Murdered was released a couple of years later ... 

Andrew Mallard spoke with Anne with his love of art and his desire to have a family ... his family says that it was that desire that brought Andrew Mallard to Los Angeles ... Andrew mallard came to Los Angeles this week to visit his fiance,... but while walking across Sunset Strip Boulevard in Los Angeles, but Andrew Mallard was struck and killed by a car yesterday morning ... not Andrew Mallard's family are on the fight for justice .. the driver of the car didn't stop and LAP Police are still trying to find that person ... Andrew Mallard's sister in Australia has told the media in Australia  that ..." they're heartbroken to have lost Andrew twice ..."

But those who know Andrew Mallars say that his ability to forgive will be his legacy and a lesson for us all ..... 

Right now police are looking for any information as to who killed Andrew Mallard .... again it happened here on Sunset Boulevard early Thursday morning ... they don't have a description of the car or the driver, but they are hoping that so much video footage and businesses here that something will lead the police to Andrew Mallard's killer 

Update:

Since this article was written a man has been arrested for the hit and run death of Andrew Mallard in Hollywood, Los Angeles, USA,

Teenager charged over Andrew Mallard's hit-and-run death in Los Angeles
By Madeline Palmer

 24 Apr 2019

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-24/teenager-charged-over-andrew-mallard-hit-and-run-death-in-us/11044648